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1.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 147(3): 412e-423e, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33587560

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypoxia may play a role in the pathogenesis of infantile hemangioma. Cysteine-rich angiogenic inducer 61 (Cyr61), or CCN1, can be induced under hypoxic conditions in several types of cells. However, whether CCN1 has any impact on infantile hemangioma remains unknown. This study aims to explore the expression of CCN1 in infantile hemangioma and to investigate the effect of hypoxia on CCN1 and vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) production. METHODS: Hemangioma-derived endothelial cells and hemangioma-derived stem cells were isolated from surgical specimens of proliferative infantile hemangioma. RNA extracted from infantile hemangioma tissue, hemangioma-derived endothelial cells, and hemangioma-derived stem cells was used to analyze gene expression by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The effects of CCN1 blockade were examined in hemangioma-derived stem cells. Immunostaining, immunoblotting, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays were used to assess protein expression. RESULTS: By double-label immunofluorescence staining, the authors first identified that CCN1 was abundant in proliferative infantile hemangioma lesions and colocalized well with immature microvessels. The authors found that the mRNA level of CCN1 in proliferative infantile hemangioma was significantly higher than in healthy controls, as was involuting infantile hemangioma. Treatment with the hypoxia inducer cobalt chloride dramatically increased CCN1 production in hemangioma-derived endothelial cells in a time-dependent manner. Furthermore, blocking or knockdown of CCN1 expression reduced the expression of VEGF-A in hemangioma-derived stem cells. Lastly, the signaling pathway study showed that CCN1 up-regulation of VEGF-A synthesis in hemangioma-derived stem cells depends on nuclear factor-κB and JNK activation. CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide new evidence that CCN1 participates in the crosstalk between hemangioma-derived endothelial cells and hemangioma-derived stem cells through promoting VEGF-A expression in the hypoxic environment of infantile hemangioma angiogenesis and vasculogenesis. Targeting of CCN1 might be a novel therapeutic strategy for infantile hemangioma.

2.
Cells ; 10(2)2021 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33546256

RESUMO

Combined spraying of gibberellin (GA) and prohydrojasmon (PDJ) was an effective method to reduce peel puffing in Satsuma mandarins. However, in the GA-and-PDJ combined treatment, fruit color development was delayed during the ripening process. In the present study, to improve the coloration of the GA and PDJ-treated fruit, the effects of exogenous application of 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) and abscisic acid (ABA) on chlorophyll and carotenoid accumulation were investigated. The results showed that both ABA and NAA treatments accelerated the color changes from green to orange in the GA and PDJ-treated fruit during the ripening process. With the NAA and ABA treatments, chlorophylls contents were decreased rapidly, and the contents of ß,ß-xanthophylls were significantly enhanced in the GA and PDJ-treated fruit. In addition, gene expression results showed that the changes of the chlorophyll and carotenoid metabolisms in the NAA and ABA treatments were highly regulated at the transcriptional level. The results presented in this study suggested that the application of NAA and ABA could potentially be used for improving the coloration of the GA and PDJ-treated fruit.

3.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 92, 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33468108

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study is to investigate the correlation between upper lumbar disc herniation (ULDH) and multifidus muscle degeneration via the comparison of width, the cross-sectional area and degree of fatty infiltration of the lumbar multifidus muscle. METHODS: Using the axial T2-weighted images of magnetic resonance imaging as an assessment tool, we retrospectively investigated 132 patients with ULDH and 132 healthy individuals. The total muscle cross-sectional area (TMCSA) and the pure muscle cross-sectional area (PMCSA) of the multifidus muscle at the L1/2, L2/3, and L3/4 intervertebral disc levels were measured respectively, and in the meantime, the average multifidus muscle width (AMMW) and degree of fatty infiltration of bilateral multifidus muscle were evaluated. The resulting data were analyzed to determine the presence/absence of statistical significance between the study and control groups. Multivariate logistical regression analyses were used to evaluate the correlation between ULDH and multifidus degeneration. RESULTS: The results of the analysis of the two groups showed that there were statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) between TMCSA, PMCSA, AMMW and degree of fatty infiltration. The multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that the TMCSA, PMCSA, AMMW and the degree of fatty infiltration of multifidus muscle were correlated with ULDH, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: A correlation could exist between multifidus muscles degeneration and ULDH, that may be a process of mutual influence and interaction. Lumbar muscle strengthening training could prevent and improve muscle atrophy and degeneration.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33493015

RESUMO

Objective: Recurrence or redarkening of port-wine stain (PWS) after laser treatment occurs frequently. Background: Vascular-targeted photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an alternative adjuvant treatment for PWS. Methods: We report the first case of PWS recurrence after PDT with a 22-year follow-up. Results: Histological analysis was performed to indicate the possible mechanisms of PWS recurrence. Conclusions: This case demonstrates the possibility of PWS recurrence and suggests that patients be notified of this possibility before treatment.

5.
Food Chem ; 335: 127621, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32738533

RESUMO

In the present study, the effects of blue LED light on the regreening of citrus fruit were investigated in an in vitro system of Valencia orange flavedos. The results showed that blue LED light irradiation induced regreening in the flavedos. After four-week culture in vitro, the flavedos exhibited obviously green color in the blue LED light treatment, while the flavedos in the control were still in orange color. During the regreening process, the blue LED light treatment induced chlorophyll accumulation, and substantially altered the carotenoid composition in the flavedos. Compared with the control, the content of 9-cis-violaxanthin was decreased, while the contents of lutein, ß-carotene, and all-trans-violaxanthin were increased by blue LED light. In addition, gene expression results showed that the up-regulation of CitLCYe and down-regulation of CitLCYb2 by blue LED light led to a shift from ß,ß-branch to ß,ε-branch of the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway.


Assuntos
Citrus sinensis/metabolismo , Citrus sinensis/efeitos da radiação , Luz , Pigmentação/efeitos da radiação , Carotenoides/metabolismo , Clorofila/metabolismo , Citrus/metabolismo , Frutas/metabolismo , Frutas/efeitos da radiação , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos da radiação , Xantofilas/metabolismo , beta Caroteno/metabolismo
6.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2198: 451-465, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32822050

RESUMO

High-throughput sequencing technologies are increasingly used in molecular cell biology to assess genome-wide chromatin dynamics of proteins bound to DNA, through techniques such as chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-seq). These techniques often rely on an analysis strategy based on identifying genomic regions with increased sequencing signal to infer the binding location or chemical modifications of proteins bound to DNA. Peak calling within individual samples has been well described, however relatively little attention has been devoted to the merging of replicate samples, and the cross-comparison of many samples. Here, we present a generalized strategy to enable the unification of ChIP-seq datasets, enabling enhanced cross-comparison of binding patterns. The strategy works by merging peak data between different (even unrelated) samples, and then using a local background to recalculate enrichment. This strategy redefines the peaks within each experiment, allowing for more accurate cross-comparison of datasets.

7.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0242449, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33259510

RESUMO

In this paper, two new aggregation operators based on Choquet integral, namely the induced generalized interval neutrosophic Choquet integral average operator(IGINCIA) and the induced generalized interval neutrosophic Choquet integral geometric operator(IG-INCIG), are proposed for multi-criteria decision making problems (MCDM). Firstly, the criteria are dependent to each other and the evaluation information of the criteria are expressed by interval neutrosophic numbers. Moreover, two indices which are inspired by the geometrical structure are established to compare the interval neutrosophic numbers. Then, a MCDM method is proposed based on the proposed aggregation operators and ranking indices to cope with MCDM with interactive criteria. Lastly, an investment decision making problem is provided to illustrate the practicality and effectiveness of the proposed approach. The validity and advantages of the proposed method are analyzed by comparing with some existing approaches. By a numerical example in company investment to expand business though five alternatives with considering four criteria, the optimal decision is made.

8.
J Phys Chem B ; 124(49): 11294-11298, 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33231456

RESUMO

When subjected to cyclic loading, bulk metallic glasses tend to exhibit fatigue-induced damage. Although fatigue is a key limitation of metallic glasses, its atomic origin remains elusive. Here, based on molecular dynamics simulations, we investigate the response of metallic glasses prepared with varying cooling rates to oscillatory stress. We find that fatigue manifests itself as an accumulation of residual strain, which results from some nonaffine displacement of the atoms. Such local reorganizations are promoted under a high cooling rate. Importantly, we demonstrate that the fatigue-induced dynamics of the atoms is encoded in the topography of the static energy landscape, i.e., before any load is applied.

9.
Eur J Dermatol ; 30(5): 591-595, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33185527

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Infantile haemangiomas are the most common benign tumours affecting infants. Over time, the tumours may involute to some extent. However, sequelae, such as telangiectasia or fibrofatty tissue, often occur following this condition, which may cause disfigurement and influence patients' psychosocial development. OBJECTIVE: This prospective, randomized, self-controlled study aimed to assess the effects of topical timolol (0.5%) on involuting infantile haemangiomas. MATERIALS & METHODS: Each involuting superficial infantile haemangioma (n = 29) was randomly divided into two regions; one region was treated with topical timolol (0.5%) cream, three times daily, and the other region was untreated. The comparative treatments continued for three months. Five independent assessors, blinded to the treatment regimen, judged the treated and untreated regions by comparing photographs before and after treatment. RESULTS: The topical timolol-treated tumour sections showed no difference compared with the untreated sites (p = 0.355) after three months of treatment, and by the end of the treatment, the untreated lesions showed significant differences relative to pre-treatment (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Topical timolol was not observed to have any effect on the regression of infantile haemangiomas in the involuting phase.

10.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 89(Pt A): 107139, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33191179

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence has indicated that inflammation is required for the initiation and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The annexin family protein, which has a highly similar structure, has been demonstrated to participate in pro- or anti-inflammatory regulation in the developing of tumours. However, the potential effects of ANXA3 in the immune microenvironment of HCC remain unknown. In present study, we found that increased ANXA3 expression is associated with a higher infiltrated neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (iNLR) in HCC. Moreover, HCC patients with a high iNLR and high ANXA3 expression confer the highest risk of death. ANXA3 can be detected in both cell lysates and culture supernatants. However, the secretory ANXA3 did not directly regulate the iNLR. Further study demonstrated that ANXA3 upregulated the iNLR by inducing chemokine CXCL8 and CCL25 release from HCC cells. We further confirmed that ANXA3 promotes tumourigenesis and detected the same associations between ANXA3 and the iNLR or chemokines in vivo. Our findings indicate that ANXA3 regulates the chemokine to remodel the iNLR and promotes tumourigenicity in HCC. These results further expanded our understanding of ANXA3 in the microenvironment of HCC and might provide novel targets for the investigation of molecular treatments for HCC patients.

11.
J Biomech ; 113: 110088, 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33166846

RESUMO

Stair descent imposes a significant challenge for dynamic stability among young adults. The effect of a concurrent text-based math task on dynamic stability control remains unclear during stair descent when considering the influence of gait velocity. Twenty-six participants performed three successful stair descent trials under TEXTING or NO-TEXTING conditions at their preferred speed. Synchronous kinematics and kinetics were collected by an eight-camera Vicon infrared motion capture system and two force platforms. Repeated measures analysis of covariance and Wilcoxon signed rank test were used to analyze the differences between the two different task conditions with gait velocity as a covariate. The outcomes indicated that under TEXTING condition, sagittal margin of stability increased at right-foot-landing; step cadence, double-support percentage, sagittal and frontal joint moment decreased; and sagittal and frontal joint angles were also modified. It is concluded that concurrent TEXTING impaired sagittal and frontal stability control during stair descent despite slowing down the step cadence. Knee and ankle joint adjustment strategies were mainly adopted in response to stability control in the sagittal plane with the interference of TEXTING, whereas the hip joint adjustment strategy was adopted in the frontal plane. In conclusion, texting behaviors on mobile phones should be minimized during stair descent.

13.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(19)2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019744

RESUMO

The composited cementitious materials usually have superior performance; for example, using limestone powder (LP) and fly ash (FA) as the admixtures of cement in concrete/mortar is a popular way of improving the properties of concrete/mortar structures. In this work, we performed experimental tests to study the hydration process and pore distribution in mortar containing different ratios of LP and FA. Based on the results of mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP), a numerical mortar model with random pore is built. The model can reflect the synergistic hydration interaction and filling effect caused by the admixtures of LP and FA. After analyzing the hydration process, the coupled chemical-thermal-mechanical method was used to simulate the characteristics of mortar containing LP and FA. The coupling model can simulate the "hump-type" hydration acceleration stage of the mortar at early age, which is specifically caused by the LP, proved in the experimental test. Additionally, the special, "hump-type" stage is important to enhance the early strength of the mortar. At different levels of admixture content, the random pore model and coupled method can predict the evolution process of the mechanical properties well, at early age and for long-term strength. Both experimental and numerical results suggest that the mortar containing admixtures of the proper ratio of LP to FA have good mechanical properties, which can be applied to engineering structures.

14.
Discov Med ; 29(157): 129-137, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002409

RESUMO

Sepsis is a life-threatening clinical condition demanding accurate and rapid diagnosis of the culprit pathogen, thereby to improve prognosis. Pathogen determination through blood culture is the gold standard for diagnosis but has limitations due to low sensitivity. Recently, circulating DNAs derived from pathogenic organisms were found in the plasma of patients with sepsis and were further proved to be more sensitive biomarkers for the diagnosis of the pathogen origin in sepsis. However, the fundamental molecular characteristics of circulating DNA in patients with sepsis remain unclear. Here, we used specific PCR and Sanger sequencing to verify the microbiology culture results via the corresponding plasma circulating DNA. We analyzed the composition and molecular characteristics of circulating DNA in septic patients using next-generation sequencing technology. We showed the presence of pathogen-derived circulating DNA in the plasma of patients with sepsis. The sizes of circulating DNA fragments derived from pathogenic bacteria showed a skewed unimodal distribution, while those derived from host cells showed a normal unimodal distribution. Lengths of fragments at peak concentration for both origins ranged from 150 bp to 200 bp, and reads mapping to pathogenic bacteria genome distributed uniformly on the reference. Our findings have improved our understanding of microbial circulating DNA in patients with sepsis as a potential methodology for the accurate diagnosis of sepsis, especially in light of an urgent need for such a diagnosis associated with the COVID-19 infection.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas/microbiologia , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/sangue , DNA Bacteriano/sangue , Sepse/microbiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Infecções Bacterianas/complicações , Infecções Bacterianas/diagnóstico , Betacoronavirus , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/análise , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Técnicas de Cultura , DNA Bacteriano/análise , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/complicações , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/diagnóstico , Análise de Sequência de DNA
15.
Annu Rev Entomol ; 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32870704

RESUMO

Global change includes a substantial increase in the frequency and intensity of extreme high temperatures (EHTs), which influence insects at almost all levels. The number of studies showing the ecological importance of EHTs has risen in recent years, but the knowledge is rather dispersed in the contemporary literature. In this article, we review the biological and ecological effects of EHTs actually experienced in the field, i.e., when coupled to fluctuating thermal regimes. First, we characterize EHTs in the field. Then, we summarize the impacts of EHTs on insects at various levels and the processes allowing insects to buffer EHTs. Finally, we argue that the mechanisms leading to positive or negative impacts of EHTs on insects can only be resolved from integrative approaches considering natural thermal regimes. Thermal extremes, perhaps more than the gradual increase in mean temperature, drive insect responses to climate change, with crucial impacts on pest management and biodiversity conservation. Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Entomology, Volume 66 is January 11, 2020. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/page/journal/pubdates for revised estimates.

16.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(9): 1353-1358, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32990220

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical outcomes of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) after surgeries in Yunnan Province. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the demographic features, vascular risk factors, severity at admission, and aneurysm locations in 85 patients with aSAH receiving surgical interventions in Yunnan Province. All the patients were treated by aneurysm clipping or coiling and followed up for clinical outcomes and recovery of daily activities evaluated by modified Rankin Scale (mRS) and Activities of Daily Living (ADL) scale, respectively. RESULTS: Thirty-four of the patients (40.0%) underwent aneurysm clipping and 51 (60.0%) underwent aneurysm coiling. During a median follow- up period of 66.23 months (IOR, 12.03 months), 84.7% of the patients had low mRS scores, and 78.8% lived independently. The WFNS grade at admission was significantly correlated with the follow-up mRS scores (95%CI: 1.48-19.09, P=0.011) and ADL (95%CI: 2.55-28.77, P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that age (95%CI: 1.02-1.23, P=0.017; 95%CI: 1.00-1.15, P=0.038) and a high WFNS grade at admission (95%CI: 2.19-141.48, P=0.007; 95%CI: 2.84-82.61, P=0.002) were independent predictors of both mRS and ADL scores at follow-up. There was no significant difference in clinical outcomes or the length of hospital stay between the two treatment strategies (P > 0.05), but the cost of hospitalization was significantly higher in coiling group than in the clipping group (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Both aging and a high WFNS grade at admission are associated with a poor prognosis of aSAH, for which aneurysm clipping and coiling have similar long- term outcomes, but for patients with a high WFNS score, aneurysm clipping is favored over coiling in terms of health economics.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Ann Palliat Med ; 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921112

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Critically ill patients with severe acute dyspnea due to malignant tracheal stenosis or tracheoesophageal fistula often need advanced respiratory support. Tracheal stenting is an important palliative treatment of such patients. This study retrospectively analyzes the efficacy and outcomes of airway stenting in patients with tracheal stenosis or tracheoesophageal fistula. METHODS: Patients underwent stenting from 2005 to 2018 in a single center were reviewed. Ninety-seven patients with malignant tracheal stenosis and/or tracheoesophageal fistula who underwent stenting were analyzed, all these patients had poor respiratory status. RESULTS: The median survival time of patients after stent placement was 119 days. Forty-five patients were treated with anti-tumor therapy after placing the stent. Discharged intensive care unit (ICU) within 3 days and postoperative antitumor treatment were independent predictors for the survival time after tracheal stenting (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Tracheal stent implantation played an important role for additional anti-cancer treatment.

19.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 15288, 2020 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32943728

RESUMO

Nobiletin, a polymethoxy flavone (PMF), is specific to citrus and has been reported to exhibit important health-supporting properties. Nobiletin has six methoxy groups at the 3',4',5,6,7,8-positions, which are catalyzed by O-methyltransferases (OMTs). To date, researches on OMTs in citrus fruit are still limited. In the present study, a novel OMT gene (CitOMT) was isolated from two citrus varieties Satsuma mandarin (Citrus unshiu Marc.) and Ponkan mandarin (Citrus reticulata Blanco), and its function was characterized in vitro. The results showed that the expression of CitOMT in the flavedo of Ponkan mandarin was much higher than that of Satsuma mandarin during maturation, which was consistent with the higher accumulation of nobiletin in Ponkan mandarin. In addition, functional analysis showed that the recombinant protein of CitOMT had methylation activity to transfer a methyl group to 3'-hydroxy group of flavones in vitro. Because methylation at the 3'-position of flavones is vital for the nobiletin biosynthesis, CitOMT may be a key gene responsible for nobiletin biosynthesis in citrus fruit. The results presented in this study will provide new strategies to enhance nobiletin accumulation and improve the nutritional qualities of citrus fruit.

20.
Lasers Surg Med ; 2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32896932

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Many types of lasers have been used to treat café-au-lait macules (CALMs) since the introduction of the selective photothermolysis theory. However, the efficacy and safety of picosecond lasers, compared with those of nanosecond lasers, have not been researched. To compare the efficacy and safety of 755 nm picosecond laser (PS-755 nm), Q-switched (QS) Alexandrite 755 nm nanosecond laser (QS-755 nm), and QS Nd:YAG 532 nm nanosecond laser (QS-532 nm) for treating CALMs. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-one patients received several treatments at 3-month intervals. Lesions were divided into two or three approximately equal parts, which were randomly treated with PS-755 nm, QS-755 nm, and QS-532 nm. The safety and efficacy of three lasers were determined based on blinded visual assessments and self-reports of patients three months after the comparative trial. RESULTS: Visual assessment 3 months after the comparative trial revealed that there was no statistically significant difference among the sites treated by QS-755 nm (2.84 ± 1.11), QS-532 nm (2.63 ± 1.06), and PS-755 nm (2.74 ± 1.05) lasers. Five (26.32%) of 19 patients showed lesion recurrence. Adverse effects included acneiform miliaris, hypopigmentation, and hyperpigmentation, which were resolved within 12 months. Five (26.32%) of 19 patients who showed lesion recurrence 1-5 months after laser treatment had lightened or cleared at least 50% of the lesion. 46.67% of patients were satisfied or very satisfied with the outcome of the overall treatment. CONCLUSIONS: PS-755 nm, QS-755 nm, and QS-532 nm laser treatments were equally effective in treating and improving CALMs. PS-755 nm caused fewer adverse effects. Individuals can react differently to different types of lasers. Patch tests should be conducted before the treatment. Lasers Surg. Med. © 2020 Wiley Periodicals LLC.

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