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1.
3 Biotech ; 9(12): 452, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31832299

RESUMO

Xylanase is widely used in pulp and paper bleaching. In this study, the effects of rare earth ions (La3+, Ce3+, Er3+ and Gd3+) on the activity of xylanase produced by Penicillium are investigated and the application of a xylanase solution containing La3+ in paper bleaching is presented. Our results indicate that the bleaching effect of the enzyme solution containing La3+ was markedly better when the concentration of La3+ was 10-8 g/L after 4 days of incubation. The mechanism of lanthanum on the improvement of xylanase activity was revealed through electrical conductivity, atomic absorption spectrometer, infrared spectroscopy and fluorescence microscopy analyses. The PCR result clearly demonstrates that a low concentration of La3+ led to the transversions of three base pair of gene sequences. Our experiment also reveals that the La3+ may have been involved in the cellular metabolic processes of Penicillium and intervened in the base pairing and DNA replication. This research may provide new insights into the improvement of enzymatic activity by lanthanum (III) and its application in paper pulp bleaching.

2.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 71(6): 833-838, 2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31879738

RESUMO

Exposure to a high altitude hypoxia environment has significant negative effects on human central nervous system. Many previous studies have explored the influence of the high altitude environment on human color perception in a simulated high altitude environment or in an environment acutely exposed to high altitude, but little has been done in migrators and natives exposed to high altitude and low oxygen for a long period of time. In this study, the minimal-change method was used to examine whether the color perception of red, green, blue and yellow was affected by the high altitude in 30 plain residents, 30 Han migrators who have lived in the high altitude for 2 years, and 28 high-altitude-adapted Tibetan natives. The results showed that long-term high altitude exposure had the most significant effect on the blue and red color perception in the natives and the migrators, with the effect on the blue color being significantly greater than that on the red color. However, the effects on green color processing only happened to the natives. The results suggest that there is an internal correlation between blood supply and selectivity changes of visual color processing caused by exposure to the plateau environment.


Assuntos
Altitude , Percepção de Cores , China , Percepção de Cores/fisiologia , Humanos , Hipóxia , Oxigênio/metabolismo
3.
PLoS One ; 14(12): e0226624, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851704

RESUMO

The issue of how to alleviate the negative effects imposed by water stress is an interesting problem. Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) colonize the rhizosphere of plants and are known to promote the growth of crops. However, there are few studies characterizing the physiological response of plants to drought stress after PGPR inoculation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of different PGPRs in arid environments and then investigated the effects of PGPR inoculation under drought stress on the physiological characteristics and growth of North China red elder (Sambucus williamsii) nursery container seedlings. The viable count of different PGPRs under drought stress varies widely, and the drought tolerance of Acinetobacter calcoaceticus X128 was significantly higher than that of other PGPRs. In comparison with non-inoculation, inoculation with X128 in an arid environment significantly increased stomatal conductance and mitigated the inhibition of net photosynthetic rate caused by drought stress; this mitigating effect of inoculation is enhanced as the level of drought stress increases. Relative to non-inoculated seedlings, cytokinin levels in the leaves increased by 91.17% under severe drought stress conditions in inoculated seedlings. However, X128 inoculation decreased this deficit to only 44.54%. Compared with non-inoculated seedlings, the relative water content of inoculated seedlings under severe drought stress increased by 15.06%, however the relative conductivity decreased by 12.48%. Consequently, X128 could increase dry matter accumulation of S. williamsii regardless of watering status, indicative of the greater benefits of PGPR on shoot growth than root. Therefore, inoculation of A. calcoaceticus X128 under drought conditions play a significant role for alleviating the negative effects imposed by water stress and promoting plant growth.

4.
AMB Express ; 9(1): 169, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31673866

RESUMO

Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are beneficial bacteria that survive within the range of plant rhizosphere and can promote plant growth. The effects of PGPR in promoting plant growth, activating soil nutrients, reducing fertilizer application, and improving the resistance of plant inducible system have been widely investigated. However, few studies have investigated PGPR as elicitors of tolerance to abiotic stresses, especially drought stress. In this study, the effects of Acinetobacter calcoaceticus X128 on the photosynthetic rate (Pn), stomatal conductance (Gs), intracellular CO2 concentration (Ci), and total chlorophyll content [Chl(a+b)] of Sambucus williamsii Hance seedling leaves under moderate drought stress and drought-rewatering conditions were determined. Compared with those of uninoculated seedlings, the average Pn values during the entire drought stress of inoculated seedlings increased by 12.99%. As the drought duration was lengthened, Ci of uninoculated leaves continued to increase after rapidly declining, whereas Gs continuously decreased. Furthermore, their photosynthetic properties were simultaneously restricted by stomatal and non-stomatal factors. After X128 inoculation, Ci and Gs of S. williamsii Hance leaves continued to decrease, and their photosynthetic properties were mainly restricted by stomatal factors. At the end of the drought stress, water stress reduced [Chl(a + b)] of S. williamsii Hance leaves by 13.49%. However, X128 inoculation decreased this deficit to only 7.39%. After water supply was recovered, Pn, Gs, and [Chl(a+b)] in uninoculated leaves were reduced by 14.23%, 12.02%, and 5.86%, respectively, relative to those under well-watered conditions. However, Ci increased by 6.48%. Compared with those of uninoculated seedlings, Pn, Gs, and [Chl(a+b)] in X128-inoculated seedlings were increased by 9.83%, 9.30%, and 6.85%, respectively. Therefore, the inoculation of X128 under arid environments can mitigate the reduction of chlorophyll, delay the restriction caused by non-stomatal factors to Pn in plant leaves under water stress, and can be more conducive to the recovery of photosynthetic functions of leaves after water supply is recovered.

5.
AMB Express ; 9(1): 145, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31515637

RESUMO

In this study, a pot experiment was carried out in greenhouse to investigate the potentials of Xerocomus badius and Serendipita indica to penetrate and colonize roots of ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) and to induce beneficial effects on seed germination and seedling growth. The results showed that X. badius and S. indica successfully colonized in the root system of L. multiflorum seedlings and the root colonization rate was 72.65% and 88.42%, respectively. By microscopy, the hyphae, chlamydospores and spores produced by S. indica were observed in roots cortex of L. multiflorum seedlings. In comparison with the non-inoculated seedlings, seedlings inoculated with X. badius and S. indica showed significant increase in growth parameters with plant height, basal diameter, biomass accumulation, relative growth rate, leaf relative water content and chlorophyll content. Also, we found that seedlings inoculated with S. indica exhibited a greater growth-promotion as compared with X. badius-inoculated seedlings. No significant influence of the two fungus application has been observed with respect to seed germination. It suggested that well establishments of mutualistic symbiosis between L. multiflorum and X. badius or S. indica were not so essential to seed germination but contributed highly to the survival and growth of the seedlings.

6.
Oncol Lett ; 18(2): 1824-1830, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31423250

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to establish a prediction index (PI) model for the 5-year survival rate of patients with hepatitis B-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after radical resection, and to evaluate the effect of prophylactic transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). A total of 201 patients with hepatitis B-related HCC who had undergone radical hepatic resection at The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University (Xinjiang, China) were enrolled, and the clinical, pathological and complete follow-up data were collected. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to identify which clinicopathological factors were considered significant risk factors and the PI model was established based on these factors. The receiver operating characteristic curve was generated, and the area under the curve (0.841) and the cut-off value for PI were calculated. A Kaplan-Meier plot was used for survival analysis and the log-rank test was used to determine differences in survival. Cox regression analysis demonstrated that there were seven independent factors that may have affected the 5-year survival of HCC patients: Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), maximum size of tumor (MTS), tumor histological grade (HG), positive resection margin (PRM), microvascular invasion (MVI), the amount of tumor (AT), and antivirus therapy (AVT). A PI model on 5-year survival was established based on these factors, which was PI=0.32 × NLR + 0.39 × HG (high=1, medium=2, low=3) + 0.92 × PRM (yes=1, no=0) + 0.87 × MVI (yes=1, no=0) + 0.73 × AT (single=0, many=1) + 0.53 × MTS (≥5 cm=1, <5 cm=0)-0.87 × AVT (yes=1, no=0). PI was an independent predictor for survival, with a cut-off value of 2.75. For low-risk patients (PI <2.75), there was no significant difference in cumulative survival between TACE and non-TACE. For high-risk patients (PI >2.75), the cumulative survival rates showed significant differences among patients who had received ≥3 TACE procedues, patients who had received <3 TACE procedures, and patients who had not undergone TACE. The PI model predicts the 5-year survival rate of patients with hepatitis B-related HCC. For high-risk patients with a PI >2.75, if they had received ≥3 prophylactic TACE procedures, they demonstrated a more favorable outcome. For low-risk patients (PI <2.75) with 1 or 2 risk factors, TACE is recommended 1-2 times after surgery. TACE treatment is not required for low-risk patients without any risk fctors. These results may contribute to the decision-making process for whether prophylactic intervention is recommended after radical resection of HCC.

7.
PeerJ ; 7: e7269, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31328037

RESUMO

Background: The existence of a particular threshold of hypoxia severity, beyond which neuropsychological functioning is compromised, is unclear. We investigated the neurocognitive profile related to conflict control in healthy young Tibetans born and living at three different altitudes (2,700 m, 3,700 m, and 4,500 m) in Tibet to investigate the existence of this threshold. Methods: Using event-related potentials (ERPs), the conflict control functions of individuals in the three altitude groups were investigated by means of a flanker task, using congruent and incongruent stimuli. The data were analyzed using mixed-model analyses of variance. Results: Although effect of altitude was not significant at a behavioral level (p > 0.05), the ERPs showed cognitive conflict modulation. The N2 difference wave (for incongruent minus congruent conditions) was smaller in the 4,500-m group than in the groups living below 4,000 m (p < 0.05). The study's findings suggest that the influence of high altitude in the conflict monitoring stage becomes significant above 4,000 m. Thus, the altitude threshold for impairment of cognition may be 4,000 m.

8.
Brain Behav ; 9(4): e01256, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30891949

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to determine the neurocognitive basis underlying the effects of long-term high-altitude (HA) exposure on working memory (WM). METHODS: Using event-related potentials (ERPs), we compared the performance of an HA group (individuals who had lived at HA for 3 years but were born and raised at low altitude [LA]) to that of an LA group (individuals who had only lived at LA) on verbal and spatial n-back tasks (i.e., 1- and 2-back memory load). RESULTS: Response accuracy of the HA group was significantly decreased in comparison to the LA group in both the verbal and spatial 2-back tasks. The P2 amplitude was larger in the HA than in the LA group in the spatial, but not the verbal 2-back task. A smaller late-positive potential (LPP) amplitude was found in the HA group in both the verbal and spatial 2-back tasks. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that HA impairs the matching (P2) process in spatial WM tasks and the maintenance (LPP) process in both verbal and spatial WM tasks, indicating that HA had a different effect on verbal and spatial 2-back task performance.


Assuntos
Altitude , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Potenciais Evocados/fisiologia , Memória de Curto Prazo/fisiologia , Memória Espacial/fisiologia , Eletroencefalografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Adulto Jovem
9.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 112: 108614, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30798129

RESUMO

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide. To overcome the toxic side effects and multidrug resistance (MDR) during doxorubicin (DOX) chemotherapy, a urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) targeting U11 peptide decorated, pH-sensitive, dual drugs co-encapsulated nanoparticles (NPs) system is employed in this study. A U11 peptide conjugated, pH-sensitive DOX prodrug (U11-DOX) was synthesized and used as materials to produce NPs. A curcumin (CUR) and U11-DOX co-encapsulated NPs system (U11-DOX/CUR NPs) was constructed to treat lung cancer. After the characterization of biophysical properties of this NPs system, synergistic chemotherapeutic efficacy was evaluated in both cultured cancer cells and tumor-bearing animal model. U11-DOX/CUR NPs had a uniformly spherical shape with a core-shell structure. The mean particle size and zeta potential of the U11-DOX/CUR NPs was 121.3 nm and -33.5 mV, with a DOX and CUR EE of 81.7 and 90.5%, respectively. The DOX release from U11-DOX/CUR NPs was 83.5, 55.2, and 32.8% correspondence to the pH of 5.0, 6.0 and 7.4. Cellular uptake efficiency of U11-DOX/CUR NPs was significantly higher than non U11 peptide decorated DOX/CUR NPs. U11-DOX/CUR NPs displayed a pronounced synergy effects in vitro and an obvious tumor tissue accumulation efficiency in vivo. In vivo antitumor experiment showed that U11-DOX/CUR NPs could inhibit the tumor growth to a level of 85%.In vitro and in vivo studies demonstrated that U11-DOX/CUR NPs is a sustained released, pH responsive, synergistic antitumor system. This study suggests that the U11-DOX/CUR NPs have promising potential for combination treatment of lung cancer.


Assuntos
Curcumina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Nanomedicina/métodos , Pró-Fármacos/administração & dosagem , Células A549 , Animais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Curcumina/síntese química , Doxorrubicina/síntese química , Portadores de Fármacos/administração & dosagem , Portadores de Fármacos/síntese química , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Nanopartículas/administração & dosagem , Nanopartículas/química , Pró-Fármacos/síntese química , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto/métodos
10.
Pathol Oncol Res ; 25(2): 791-799, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30761450

RESUMO

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation have different clinicopathological characteristics compared with EGFR wild type NSCLC. A growing number of studies focused on the relevance between EGFR mutation status and brain metastases (BM) in NSCLC, but it remains controversial. Therefore, this study performed a comprehensive meta-analysis to untangle this issue. Several electronic databases including Pubmed, Embase, Web of science and Cochrane database were thoroughly searched. The odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was pooled to evaluate the relevance. Meta-regression analysis and subgroup analysis were conducted according to the heterogeneity. A total of 26 studies were identified finally in this meta-analysis. The overall OR was 1.58 (95%CI: 1.36-1.84), which indicated that EGFR mutation had a positive association with BM of NSCLC. The subgroup analysis resulted from eleven studies with lung adenocarcinoma revealed a higher possibility of BM in NSCLC with EGFR mutation compared with EGFR wild (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the risk of BM between NSCLC EGFR exon 19 mutation and exon 21 point mutation (p = 0.23). This meta-analysis suggests that EGFR mutation can be a risk factor for BM in NSCLC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/secundário , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Receptores ErbB/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Mutação
11.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 17417, 2018 11 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30479363

RESUMO

High altitude (HA) exposure reduces the behavioral response to visual attention and the neural basis is still largely unclear. The present study explored the stimulus-driven and goal-directed factors that are hidden within this attentional behavior impairment via a visual search paradigm in young immigrants in Tibet by recording event-related potential (ERPs). We found that HA explosure significantly slowed the stimulus-driven behaviors instead of the goal-directed behaviors. Furthermore, the P1, N1, and P3 amplitudes collectively indicated the poor efficiency of entire attention behaviors, in which the P3 magnitude of resources allocation was negatively correlated with the attentional behavior response. And the P3 scalp distribution suggested a compensation for insufficient resources of sensory processing only in the goal-directed behaviors. Together, the present study made the point on how stimulus-driven and goal-directed attentional behaviors changed as a result of chronic HA environment exposure, which is similar to aging.


Assuntos
Adaptação Fisiológica , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Altitude , Atenção , Potenciais Evocados , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Metas , Humanos , Masculino , Recompensa , Tibet , Percepção Visual
12.
Front Plant Sci ; 9: 974, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30065732

RESUMO

Large-scale application of the doubled haploid (DH) technology by in vivo haploid induction has greatly improved the efficiency of maize breeding. While the haploid induction rate and the efficiency of identifying haploid plants have greatly improved in recent years, the low efficiency of doubling of haploid plants has remained and currently presents the main limitation to maize DH line production. In this study, we aimed to assess the available genetic variation for haploid male fertility (HMF), i.e., the production of fertile pollen on haploid plants, and to investigate the underlying genetic architecture. To this end, a diversity panel of 481 maize inbred lines was crossed with "Mo17" and "Zheng58," the F1 hybrids subjected to haploid induction, and resulting haploid plants assessed for male fertility in two environments. Across both genetic backgrounds, we observed a large variation of HMF ranging from zero to ~60%, with a mean of 18%, and a heritability of 0.65. HMF was higher in the "Mo17" than in the "Zheng58" background and the correlation between both genetic backgrounds was 0.68. Genome-wide association mapping identified only few putative QTL that jointly explained 22.5% of the phenotypic variance. With the exception of one association explaining 11.77% of the phenotypic variance, all other putative QTL were of minor importance. A genome-wide prediction approach further corroborated the quantitative nature of HMF in maize. Analysis of the 14 significantly associated SNPs revealed several candidate genes. Collectively, our results illustrate the large variation of HMF that can be exploited for maize DH breeding. Owing to the apparent genetic complexity of this trait, this might best be achieved by rapid recurrent phenotypic selection coupled with marker-assisted selection for individual QTL.

13.
Neuroscience ; 386: 339-350, 2018 08 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30049664

RESUMO

Human spatial manipulation ability is sensitive to high-altitude (HA) environment. The present study aimed to investigate the electrophysiological basis of spatial manipulation ability on adult immigrants with long-term HA exposure using the mental rotation (MR) task and the ERP approach. Toward this end, we explored the MR effect in individuals who immigrated to HA areas for three years compared with individuals who lived in low altitude areas. We found that the reaction time related to the MR effect was significantly slower in the HA group than that of the low-altitude group. The ERP component analysis further indicated that the rotation-related negativity (RRN) amplitude was highly corresponding to the MR effect in each group, the RRN amplitude was significantly larger in the HA group than the low-altitude group related to each rotation angle condition. The brain topographical map further showed that only the right hemisphere regions instead of the bilateral hemisphere regions involved into the MR effect in the HA group, which was different to the low-altitude group. Together, these findings might collectively suggest that the mental resource was insufficient as a result of HA exposure which can be reflected on the RRN amplitude, which may help understanding the neural basis of spatial ability change from the long-term HA exposure.


Assuntos
Altitude , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia , Processos Mentais/fisiologia , Estimulação Luminosa/métodos , Eletroencefalografia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Tibet/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
14.
Brain Behav ; 8(5): e00944, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29761004

RESUMO

Introduction: Previous studies have reported the slowing of reaction times to attentionally demanding tasks due to a reduction in cognitive resource as a result of chronic high-altitude exposure. However, it is still largely unknown whether this reaction slowness can be attributed to the attentional allocation change and/or response patterns. Methods: To clarify this issue, this study investigated attention-related (N2pc and N2 cc) and response-related (MP and RAP) event-related potentials (ERPs) to identify the performance of a visual search task by individuals who had lived in high-altitude areas for three years compared with those living at sea level. Results: This study showed that the reaction times in response to a visual search task were significantly longer in the high-altitude subjects than in the sea level subjects. Corresponding to this behavioral observation, we found a significantly lower N2pc amplitude and a larger N2 cc amplitude in the high-altitude subjects, suggesting a reduction in spatial attention allocation to the target (N2pc) in these subjects, indicating they need to work harder to preclude cross-talk between response selection and attention direction (N2 cc). Moreover, we also discovered higher MP amplitudes and longer RAP latencies in the high-altitude subjects, which further indicated that these subjects were slower and required greater cortical activation while preparing and executing correctly selected responses (MP and RAP). Conclusion: Nevertheless, this study collectively provided new insights into the attention reaction slowness from high-altitude exposure.


Assuntos
Altitude , Atenção/fisiologia , Adulto , Cognição/fisiologia , Eletroencefalografia , Potenciais Evocados/fisiologia , Movimentos Oculares/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Desempenho Psicomotor/fisiologia , Tempo de Reação/fisiologia , Processamento Espacial/fisiologia , Percepção Visual/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
15.
PLoS One ; 13(5): e0197515, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29782538

RESUMO

A plantation of 5-year-old poplar Populus × euramericana cv. 'Neva' was used to study the regulatory effects of root pruning on nutrients, photosynthetic characteristics, and water-use efficiency (WUE) of leaves and growth rates of diameter at breast height (DBH; 1.3 m), tree height, and volume. Six root-pruning treatments were conducted with different combinations of intensity (at a distance of six, eight or ten times DBH from the trunk) and orientation (on two or four sides of the trees). Results showed that the N, P, K, photosynthetic rate, transpiration rate, and stomatal conductance of leaves were all significantly decreased by root pruning over the initial period following root pruning (30 days), but increased in the subsequent investigations. The values of the above indexes peaked in 8-2 treatment (i.e., eight times DBH distance on two sides). The leaf WUE in 8-2 treatment, and average growth rates of DBH, tree height and volume, were the highest among all treatments within 3 years of root pruning. The results indicated that the root pruning based on the appropriate selection of intensity and orientation had significant positive effects on leaf nutrients, photosynthesis, and growth of trees in a closed-canopy poplar plantation.


Assuntos
Populus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Populus/metabolismo , Biomassa , China , Produção Agrícola/métodos , Fósforo/metabolismo , Fotossíntese , Folhas de Planta/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Transpiração Vegetal , Populus/anatomia & histologia , Potássio/metabolismo , Sódio/metabolismo , Árvores/anatomia & histologia , Árvores/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Árvores/metabolismo
16.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 610, 2018 01 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29330442

RESUMO

This study used the attention network test (ANT) to evaluate the alerting, orienting, and executive network efficiencies of attention related to indigenous residents who were born and raised until early adulthood in different high-altitude areas (2900-m, 3700-m, and 4200-m) at the same location (3700-m) where these residents had been living for approximately 2 years in Tibet. We further applied the event-related potential (ERP) method to identify the underlying neurophysiological basis. Based on the ANT, we found that, in the 4200-m residents, executive function was increased but the orienting function was decreased, and the executive and orienting network scores were oppositely correlated. The behavioral findings were supported by the ERP data, showing that the P3 amplitude changes indicated that the executive function was over-active under conflict conditions and that the N1 amplitude change indicated a decreased orienting function in the 4200-m residents. In addition, the changed P3 amplitudes were significantly correlated with intelligence performance across the residents only in the 4200-m group. The present study provided evidence for competition among the attentional networks due to high-altitude exposure in indigenous residents, and showed the existence of a threshold of the influence of high altitudes on attentional function in the brain.


Assuntos
Atenção/fisiologia , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Função Executiva/fisiologia , Orientação/fisiologia , Altitude , Potenciais Evocados , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Vias Neurais/fisiologia , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Tempo de Reação , Tibet , Adulto Jovem
17.
PLoS One ; 12(11): e0187685, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29117215

RESUMO

This study aimed to determine the effects of root pruning on the physicochemical characteristics and microbial activities of poplar rhizosphere soil. The root systems of 5-year-old poplar (Populus×euramericana cv. 'Neva') trees were manually pruned at 6, 8, or 10 times diameter at breast height (DBH) from the trunk (severe, moderate, and light, respectively) along both inter-row sides. Moderate root pruning significantly increased the concentrations of amino acids, organic acids, and total sugars in the root exudates and decreased the pH of rhizosphere soil. This treatment also increased the contents of available nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and total organic carbon as well as high-, medium-, and low-activity organic carbon in rhizosphere soil. Moreover, moderate pruning increased the contents of microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen, and enhanced basal respiration, in addition to decreasing the metabolic quotients in rhizosphere soil by 8.9%, 5.0%, and 11.4% compared with control, light, and severe root pruning treatments, respectively. Moderate pruning increased the growth rates of DBH, tree height, and volume to the highest levels. Furthermore, these indices were not significantly different between the light root pruning and control groups, but varied significantly between severe and moderate root-pruning treatments. Thus, root pruning, depending on the distance from the trunk, significantly influences the physicochemical properties and microbial activities in poplar rhizosphere soil.


Assuntos
Agricultura/métodos , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Populus/metabolismo , Microbiologia do Solo , Solo/química , Biomassa , Nitrogênio/análise , Fósforo/análise , Raízes de Plantas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Populus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Potássio/análise , Rizosfera , Árvores/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Árvores/metabolismo
18.
Oncotarget ; 8(35): 58172-58183, 2017 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28938546

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Invasive ductal carcinoma is a kind of very typical breast cancer. The goal of our research was to figure out the molecular mechanism of Invasive ductal carcinoma and to find out its potential therapy targets. RESULTS: The total amount of 478 differentially expressed genes in Invasive ductal carcinoma which compared with normal breast epithelial cells were recognized. Functional enrichment analysis proved the most part of differentially expressed genes had connection with ECM-receptor interaction. The two genes lists were contrasted in PPI network, and miRNA regulation networks, The most two crucial genes were identified in our study, which may be helpful to improve Invasive ductal carcinoma treatment. Additionally, experimental results shows that the COL4A1 gene, one of identified genes, played important roles in both of proliferation and colony formation in Invasive ductal carcinoma. CONCLUSIONS: Invasive ductal carcinoma could have connection with ECM-receptor mutations. These 9 vital genes could be an important part in the progression of Invasive ductal carcinoma and be offered as therapy targets and prognosis indicator. and the experimental results showed that one of the most crucial genes, COL4A1, was the key gene that influence the proliferation and colony formation of the Invasive ductal carcinoma cell.

19.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 42(5): 1789-1801, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28746938

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The tubulin/microtubule system, which is an integral component of the cytoskeleton, plays an essential role in mitosis. Targeting mitotic progression by disturbing microtubule dynamics is a rational strategy for cancer treatment. METHODS: Microtubule polymerization assay was performed to examine the effect of Magnolol (a novel natural phenolic compound isolated from Magnolia obovata) on cellular microtubule polymerization in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. Cell cycle analysis, mitotic index assay, cell proliferation assay, colony formation assay, western blotting analysis of cell cycle regulators, Annexin V-FITC/PI staining, and live/dead viability staining were carried out to investigate the Magnolol's inhibitory effect on proliferation and viability of NSCLS cells in vitro. Xenograft model of human A549 NSCLC tumor was used to determine the Magnolol's efficacy in vivo. RESULTS: Magnolol treatment effectively inhibited cell proliferation and colony formation of NSCLC cells. Further study proved that Magnolol induced the mitotic phase arrest and inhibited G2/M progression in a dose-dependent manner, which were mechanistically associated with expression alteration of a series of cell cycle regulators. Furthermore, Magnolol treatment disrupted the cellular microtubule organization via inhibiting the polymerization of microtubule. We also found treatment with NSCLC cells with Magnolol resulted in apoptosis activation through a p53-independent pathway, and autophgy induction via down-regulation of the Akt/mTOR pathway. Finally, Magnolol treatment significantly suppressed the NSCLC tumor growth in mouse xenograft model in vivo. CONCLUSION: These findings identify Magnolol as a promising candidate with anti-microtubule polymerization activity for NSCLC treatment.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Lignanas/farmacologia , Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Células A549 , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Bifenilo/química , Compostos de Bifenilo/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G2 do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Lignanas/química , Lignanas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Pontos de Checagem da Fase M do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Magnolia/química , Magnolia/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Nus , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Transplante Heterólogo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
20.
Genome Announc ; 5(24)2017 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28619794

RESUMO

Bacillus velezensis JTYP2 was isolated from the leaves of Echeveria laui in Qingzhou, China, and may control some of the fungal pathogens of the plant. Here, we present the complete genome sequence of B. velezensis JTYP2. Several gene clusters related to its biosynthesis of antimicrobial compounds were predicted.

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