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1.
Cancer Biol Med ; 18(1): 74-87, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33628586

RESUMO

Objective: The newly defined cancer-testis (CT) gene, MEIOB, was previously found to play key roles in DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects and mechanisms of MEIOB in the carcinogenesis of triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs). Methods: The Cancer Genome Atlas database was used to quantify the expression of MEIOB. Cox regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between MEIOB expression and the prognosis of human TNBC. The effects of MEIOB on cell proliferation and migration in TNBCs were also assessed in vitro. Patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models were used to assess the sensitivity of breast cancers with active MEIOB to PARP1 inhibitors. Results: We confirmed MEIOB as a CT gene whose expression was restricted to the testes and breast tumors, especially TNBCs. Its activation was significantly associated with poor survival in breast cancer patients [overall, hazard ratio (HR) = 1.90 (1.16-2.06); TNBCs: HR = 7.05 (1.16-41.80)]. In addition, we found that MEIOB was oncogenic and significantly promoted the proliferation of TNBC cells. Further analysis showed that MEIOB participated in DSB repair in TNBCs. However, in contrast to its function in meiosis, it mediated homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) through the activation of polyADP-ribose polymerase (PARP)1 by interacting with YBX1. Furthermore, activated MEIOB was shown to confer sensitivity to PARP inhibitors, which was confirmed in PDX models. Conclusions: MEIOB played an oncogenic role in TNBC through its involvement in HRD. In addition, dysregulation of MEIOB sensitized TNBC cells to PARP inhibitors, so MEIOB may be a therapeutic target of PARP1 inhibitors in TNBC.

2.
Int J Cancer ; 2021 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33521941

RESUMO

China has made rapid progress in reducing the incidence of HBV infection in the past three decades, along with a rapidly changing lifestyle and aging population. We aimed to develop and validate an up-to-date liver cancer risk prediction model with routinely available predictors and evaluate its applicability for screening guidance. Using data from the China Kadoorie Biobank, we included 486 285 participants in this analysis. Fifteen risk factors were included in the model. Flexible parametric survival models were used to estimate the 10-year absolute risk of liver cancer. Decision curve analysis was performed to evaluate the net benefit of the model to quantify clinical utility. A total of 2706 participants occurred liver cancer over the 4 814 320 person-years of follow-up. Excellent discrimination of the model was observed in both development and validation datasets, with c-statistics (95% CI) of 0.80 (0.79-0.81) and 0.80 (0.78-0.82) respectively, as well as excellent calibration of observed and predicted risks. Decision curve analysis revealed that use of the model in selecting participants for screening improved benefit at a threshold of 2% 10-year risk, compared to current guideline of screening all HBsAg carriers. Our model was more sensitive than current guideline for cancer screening (28.17% vs 25.96%). We developed and validated a CKB-PLR (Prediction for Liver cancer Risk Based on the China Kadoorie Biobank Study) model to predict the absolute risk of liver cancer for both HBsAg seropositive and seronegative populations. Application of the model is beneficial for precisely identifying the high-risk groups among the general population.

3.
J Med Virol ; 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33590892

RESUMO

Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is recognized as an emerging infectious disease. This study aimed to investigate the pathogenic mechanism of SFTS. A total of 100 subjects were randomly included in the study. Cytokine levels were detected by ELISA and viral load was detected by micro drop digital PCR. The results showed that levels of IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IP-10, MCP-1, MIP-1α, TGF-ß1, and RANTES differed significantly among the SFTS patient group, healthy people group, and asymptomatic infection group (p < 0.05). Compared to the healthy people group, the patient group had increased cytokine levels (IL-6, IL-10, IP-10, MCP-1, and IFN-γ) but reduced levels of IL-8, TGF-ß1, and RANTES (p < 0. 0167). IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IP-10, MCP- 1, MIP-1α, TGF - ß1, and RANTES levels had different trends after onset of the disease. IL-6, IL-10, IP-10 and MCP-1 levels in severe patients were higher than those in mild patients (p < 0.05). There was a positive correlation between viral load and IL-6 and IP-10 but a negative correlation between viral load and RANTES. SFTSV could cause a cytokine change: the cytokine levels of patients had different degrees of fluctuation after the onset of the disease. The levels of IL-6 and IL-8 in the asymptomatic infection group were between the SFTS patients group and the healthy people group. The levels of IL-6, IL-10, IP-10, and MCP-1 in serum could reflect the severity of the disease, and the levels of IL-6, IP-10, and RANTES were correlated with the viral load. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

4.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e927577, 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33386384

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a serious irreversible lung disease. The mechanism of immune checkpoint in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is still unknown. MATERIAL AND METHODS First, the expression levels of PD-1/PD-L1 on the surface of CD4+ T cells and the proportion of Treg cells in IPF or controls were detected by flow cytometry. Then, expression of TGF-ß in blood samples was detected with ELISA. Moreover, a co-culture system was composed of fibroblasts stimulated by TGF-ß and CD4+ T cells from healthy people. The proportions of Treg cells and PD-1 in the co-culture system were detected. In addition, we detected the proportion of Treg cells and the level of collagen-1 after adding PD-1 or PD-L1 protein antibody blocker to the co-culture system. RESULTS Flow cytometry revealed the upregulated expression of PD-1/PD-L1 in CD4+ T cells of IPF patients. PD-1 appears to inhibit the differentiation of CD4+ T cells into Treg cells. Co-culture of myofibroblasts and CD4+ T cells induced the generation of collagen-1 and reduced the proliferation of CD4+ T cells. When PD-1 was blocked, the inhibition of Treg cell differentiation was reversed, accompanied by decreased collagen-1 production. CONCLUSIONS This work identified the molecular mechanism of PD-1 in patients with IPF. It may provide a new perspective on the therapeutic effect of PD-1.

6.
Eur J Epidemiol ; 2021 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33420872

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) deteriorates suddenly primarily due to excessive inflammatory injury, and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is implicated in endocrine control of the immune system. However, the effect of IGF-1 levels on COVID-19 prognosis remains unknown. Using UK Biobank resource, we investigated the association between circulating IGF-1 concentrations and mortality risk (available death data updated on 07 Sep 2020) among COVID-19 patients who had pre-diagnostic serum IGF-1 measurements at baseline (2006-2010). Unconditional logistic regression was performed to estimate the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of mortality. Among 1670 COVID-19 patients, 415 deaths occurred due to COVID-19. Compared to the lowest quartile of IGF-1 concentrations, the highest quartile was associated with a 41% lower risk of mortality (OR = 0.59, 95% CI 0.41-0.86, P-trend = 0.01). In the continuous model, per 1-standard deviation increment in log-transformed IGF-1 was associated with a 15% reduction in the risk (intraclass correlation coefficients corrected OR = 0.85, 95% CI 0.73-0.99). The association was largely consistent in the various stratified and sensitivity analyses. In conclusion, our data suggest that higher IGF-1 concentrations are associated with a lower risk of COVID-19 mortality. Further studies are required to determine whether and how targeting IGF-1 pathway might improve COVID-19 prognosis.

7.
BMC Med ; 19(1): 14, 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33487165

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) in 2015 stated that every effort should be made to provide cesarean delivery (CD) for women in need. In China, the two-child policy largely prompts the number of advanced age childbirth, which raises the possibility of an increasing number of women who need a c-section. The aim of this study was to assess the trends in the overall and medical indication-classified CD rates in the era of the two-child policy in Jiangsu, China. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study of 291,448 women who delivered in 11 hospitals in Jiangsu province between 2012 and 2019 was conducted. Medical cesarean indication for each woman was ascertained by manually reviewing the medical records. The 291,448 women were divided into two subgroups according to the presence of the indications: the indicated group (7.80%) and the non-indicated group (92.20%). We then fitted joinpoint regression and log-binomial regression models to estimate trends in the CD rates across the study period. RESULTS: The overall CD rate was observed with a declining trend from 52.51% in 2012-2015 to 49.76% in 2016-2019 (adjusted RR, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.91-0.93; P < 0.001), along with an annual percentage change (APC) to be - 1.0 (95% CI, - 2.1 to 0.0) across the period. The participants were then divided into two subgroups according to the presence of medical CD indications: the indicated group (7.80%) and the non-indicated group (92.20%).We found the declining trend was most pronounced in the non-indicated group, with the CD rates decreased from 50.02% in 2012-2015 to 46.27% in 2016-2019 (adjusted RR, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.89-0.90; P < 0.001). By contrast, we observed a steady trend in the CD rate of the indicated group, which maintained from 87.47% in 2012-2015 to 86.57% in 2016-2019 (P = 0.448). In the indicated group, a higher risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes was revealed for those women who delivered vaginally as compared with those who received c-section. We further investigated that women with following specific indications had a higher proportion of vaginal delivery, i.e., pregnancy complications, fetal macrosomia, and pregnancy complicated with tumor (34.70%, 10.84%, and 16.34%, respectively). Women with the above 3 indications were observed with a higher risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes if delivered vaginally. The incidence rates of the medical indications among the general population increased considerably over the 8-year period (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Although the overall CD rate apparently decreased in the recent years, along with the decline of the unnecessary CD rate, a considerable proportion of indicated women were not provided with CD service in Jiangsu, China. Instead of targeting the overall CD rate, we need to take actions to reduce unnecessary CD rate and provide adequate c-section service for women with indications, particularly for those with underlying diseases and suspected fetal macrosomia.

8.
Gene ; 767: 145287, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic respiratory diseases have become a non-negligible cause of death globally. Although smoking and environmental exposures are primary risk factors for chronic respiratory diseases, genetic factors also play an important role in determining individual's susceptibility to diseases. Here we performed integrated gene-based and pathway analyses to systematically illuminate the heritable characteristics of chronic respiratory diseases. METHODS: UK (United Kingdom) Biobank is a very large, population-based prospective study with over 500,000 participants, established to allow detailed investigations of the genetic and nongenetic determinants of the diseases. Utilizing the GWAS-summarized data downloaded from UK Biobank, we conducted gene-based analysis to obtain associations of susceptibility genes with asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD) and pneumonia using FUSION and MAGMA software. Across the identified susceptibility regions, functional annotation integrating multiple functional data sources was performed to explore potential regulatory mechanisms with INQUISIT algorithm. To further detect the biological process involved in the development of chronic respiratory diseases, we undertook pathway enrichment analysis with the R package (clusterProfiler). RESULTS: A total of 195 susceptibility genes were identified significantly associated with chronic respiratory diseases (Pbonferroni < 0.05), and 24/195 located out of known susceptibility regions (e.g. WDPCP in 2p15). Within the identified susceptibility regions, functional annotation revealed an aggregation of credible variants in promoter-like and enhancer-like histone modification regions and such regulatory mechanisms were specific to lung tissues. Furthermore, 110 genes with INQUISIT score ≥1 may influence diseases susceptibility through exerting effects on coding sequences, proximal promoter and distal enhancer regulations. Pathway enrichment results showed that these genes were enriched in immune-related processes and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors pathways. CONCLUSIONS: This study implemented an integrated gene-based and pathway strategy to explore the underlying biological mechanisms and our findings may serve as promising targets for future clinical treatments of chronic respiratory diseases.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Transtornos Respiratórios/genética , Asma/genética , Bancos de Espécimes Biológicos , Doença Crônica/epidemiologia , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Estudos Prospectivos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/genética , Fumar/genética , Reino Unido
9.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 122020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33289703

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease caused by the loss of dopaminergic neurons. It is characterized by static tremors, stiffness, slow movements, and gait disturbances, but it is also accompanied by anxiety and depression. Our previous study showed that atorvastatin could reduce the risk of PD, but the mechanism is still unclear. In this paper, Our findings showed that atorvastatin increased muscle capacity and the coordination of movement and improved anxiety and depression. Atorvastatin could decrease the expression of α-synuclein Ser129 and NADPH oxidase 2 (NOX2), increase the protein expression of LC3II/I, and promote autophagy flow. To further confirm that atorvastatin protection was achieved by inhibiting NOX2, we injected at midbrain with NOX2 shRNA (M) lentivirus and found that silent NOX2 produced the same effect as atorvastatin. Further research found that atorvastatin could reduce MPTP-induced oxidative stress damage, while inhibiting NOX2 decreased the antioxidative stress effect of atorvastatin. Our results suggest that atorvastatin can improve muscle capacity, anxiety and depression by inhibiting NOX2, which may be related to NOX2-mediated oxidative stress and autophagy. Atorvastatin may be identified as a drug that can effectively improve behavioral disorders. NOX2 may be a potential gene target for new drug development in PD.

10.
J Diabetes Res ; 2020: 9157430, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33344653

RESUMO

Purpose: To determine whether hypertriglyceridemic waist (HTGW) and high lipid accumulation product (LAP) preceded the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and to investigate the interactions of HTGW and LAP with other components of metabolic syndrome on the risk of T2DM. Methods: A total of 15,717 eligible participants without baseline T2DM and aged 35 and over were included from a Chinese rural cohort. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to estimate the association of HTGW and LAP with the incidence of T2DM, and the restricted cubic spline model was used to evaluate the dose-response association. Results: Overall, 867 new T2DM cases were diagnosed after 7.77 years of follow-up. Participants with HTGW had a higher hazard ratio for T2DM (hazard ratio (HR): 6.249, 95% confidence interval (CI): 5.199-7.511) after adjustment for potential confounders. The risk of incident T2DM was increased with quartiles 3 and 4 versus quartile 1 of LAP, and the adjusted HRs (95% CIs) were 2.903 (2.226-3.784) and 6.298 (4.911-8.077), respectively. There were additive interactions of HTGW (synergy index (SI): 1.678, 95% CI: 1.358-2.072) and high LAP (SI: 1.701, 95% CI: 1.406-2.059) with increased fasting plasma glucose (FPG) on the risk of T2DM. Additionally, a nonlinear (P nonlinear < 0.001) dose-response association was found between LAP and T2DM. Conclusion: The subjects with HTGW and high LAP were at high risk of developing T2DM, and the association between LAP and the risk of T2DM may be nonlinear. Our study further demonstrates additive interactions of HTGW and high LAP with increased FPG on the risk of T2DM.

11.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1139: 79-87, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33190712

RESUMO

Targeted proteomics has advantages over earlier conventional technologies for protein detection. We developed and validated an LC/MRM-MS-based targeted proteomic method combined with immunoaffinity precipitation for the enrichment and detection of low abundance chemerin isoforms in human biofluids. After tryptic digestion, each chemerin isoform was characterized by isoform-specific peptides, and the absolute quantification was achieved by using stable isotope-labeled peptides as internal standards. In serum, follicular fluid and synovial fluid, a total of 6 chemerin isoforms were identified and quantified, among which a novel natural isoform 153Q was discovered for the first time. The relative content of the six chemerin isoforms in human serum was 157S ≫ 156F ≫ 158K > 154F ≥ 155A > 153Q in the ratio of 25:17:5:2.5:2.2:1, respectively. The absolute contents were in the range of 88-3.5 ng/mL. This distribution remained consistent among the 3 biofluids analyzed. Total chemerin were found to be increased in both polycystic ovary syndrome (serum and follicular fluid) and rheumatoid arthritis (serum) patients. However, chemerin isoform analysis revealed that only 156F & 157S were increased in the former, while 155A, 156F & 157S were increased in the latter. This demonstrates the potential of this method in detailed characterization of changes in chemerin isoforms that may be of clinical relevance.

12.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 88: 107015, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33182034

RESUMO

A previous study described a novel serine protease inhibitor 16 from Musca domestica (MDSPI16), which inhibited the elastase and chymotrypsin. It also exhibited a potential anti-inflammatory activity for acute lung injury (ALI), while its effects on ALI are yet to be elucidated. The present study aimed to investigate the effects and the underlying mechanisms of MDSPI16 on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-challenged mice and bone marrow neutrophils. The ALI model based on the results of LPS-induced mice demonstrated that MDSPI16 markedly reduced the infiltration of inflammatory cells, protein exudation in lung tissues, and downregulated the level of interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-1ß and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). Furthermore, the LPS-stimulated mouse bone marrow neutrophils model was employed to determine the role of MDSPI16. The cytokine levels were quantified by both the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Consequently, the expression of IL-6, IL-1ß, and TNF-α was found to be inhibited by MDSPI16 in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, MDSPI16 also inhibited the mouse neutrophils nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway, ERK1/2 and AP-1 signaling pathway in addition to the expression of iNOS and COX-2 proteins, which in turn, might alleviate the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines during ALI. Therefore, MDSPI16 could be proposed as a potential and novel drug therapy for ALI.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33203726

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Both environmental and genetic factors contribute to type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk. Dozens of T2D susceptibility loci have been identified by genome-wide association study. However, these loci account for only a small fraction of the familial T2D risk. We hypothesized that the gene-obesity interaction may contribute to the missing heritability. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHOD: Forty-eight T2D-associated variants were genotyped using the TaqMan OpenArray Genotyping System and iPLEX Sequenom MassARRAY platform in two separate studies. Obesity was defined according to multiple indexes (body mass index (BMI), waist circumference and waist-hip ratio). Multiplicative interactions were tested using general logistic regression to assess the gene-obesity interaction effect on T2D risk among a total of 6206 Chinese Hans. RESULTS: After adjusting for the main effects of genes and obesity, as well as covariates (age, sex, smoking and alcohol consumption status), robust multiplicative interaction effects were observed between rs10811661 in CDKN2A/CDKN2B and multiple obesity indices (p ranged from 0.001 to 0.043 for BMI, waist circumference and waist-hip ratio). Obese individuals with the TT genotype had a drastically higher risk of T2D than normal weight individuals without the risk allele (OR=17.58, p<0.001). There were no significant differences between subgroups in the stratification analysis. Plausible biological explanations were established using a public database. However, there were no significant interaction effects between the other 47 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) and obesity. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicated that the CDKN2A/CDKN2B gene-obesity interaction significantly increases T2D risk in Chinese Hans. The interaction effect identified in our study may help to explain some of the missing heritability in the context of T2D susceptibility. In addition, the interaction effect may play a role in the precise prevention of T2D in Chinese individuals.

14.
Front Vet Sci ; 7: 589, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33134334

RESUMO

To evaluate the antimicrobial resistance and virulence gene characteristics of highly pathogenic Proteus mirabilis. In this study, we isolated P. mirabilis CC15031 from diarrhea dogs in China, tested the median lethal dose (LD50), and measured the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 10 different antibiotics commonly used in veterinary clinic. Meanwhile, we presented the complete genome sequence annotations to analyze the virulence and resistance formation mechanism. The results showed that the CC15031 presented relatively potent pathogenicity in mice (LD50 = 0.57 × 106 CFU) and exhibited a high degree of resistance to all the tested antimicrobial agents. The CC15031 genome of 4,031,742 bp with 3,745 predicted genes had an average gene length of 917 bp and 38.99% guanine-cytosine content. A new variant of an integrative and conjugative element with a type IV secretion system (217,446 bp) conferring multidrug resistance was identified and characterized by structural analysis in CC15031. These data provide a foundation for understanding the genomic features and antimicrobial resistance mechanisms of this pathogen.

15.
J Pharm Sci ; 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33129837

RESUMO

Recently, new cationic antibacterial peptide OM19R has been designed with low minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values against some gram-negative bacteria, such as Escherichia coli, Salmonella, and Shigella. However, this hybrid peptide, like most antibacterial peptides, has low enzyme stability and short half-life, which, in turn, increases the drug's cost. In this study, an antibacterial peptide (OM19r-8) was obtained containing some D-Arg amino acids. The new preparations were carried out through the replacement of l-Arginine by d-Arginine and the addition of PEG chains. Firstly, eight OM19r series of antibacterial peptides were obtained by designing D-Arg. Then, a polyethylene glycol-modified product mPEG5-butyrALD-OM19r-8 (mPEG5-OM19r-8) was isolated and purified by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RT-HPLC). The enzyme stability test showed that the resistance of antibacterial peptide OM19r-8 to protease degradation increased by 4-32-fold. Moreover, the Time-kill studies showed that the germicidal kinetics curves of mPEG5-OM19r-8 and OM19r-8 to Escherichia coli had a similar trend, thus suggesting that PEG modification has an acceptable effect on the activity of the original peptide. Furthermore, the elimination of half-life (28.09 ± 2.81min) of mPEG5-OM19r-8, and the area under the drug concentration-time curve (2686.48 ± 651.36min∗ug/ml) was significantly prolonged. The current study demonstrates an example that optimizes the AMP by utilizing L-to-D amino acid replacement and including PEG chains. These results provide useful data for the clinical application of the mPEG5-OM19r-8.

16.
Arch Microbiol ; 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146800

RESUMO

Given the serious threat of foodborne multidrug-resistant bacteria to animals and humans, finding an effective antibacterial compound has always been an important topic for scientists. Here, from the soil of Changbaishan, we have identified a bacterium that can inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus. Nr genome database analysis and phylogenetic analysis showed that strain CB6 belongs to Bacillus velezensis. We found that the crude extract of strain CB6 has broad-spectrum antibacterial activity against foodborne pathogens. In addition, we showed that the crude extract loses antibacterial activity after treatment with papain. Next, strain CB6 was purified using ammonium sulfate precipitation, a Sephadex G-75 gel filtration column and high-performance liquid chromatography system (HPLC). Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analysis indicated that the antibacterial compound was the protein ATP synthase subunit α (ATP-1), with a molecular weight of 55.397 KDa. Moreover, we reported the complete genome sequence of strain CB6, which is composed of a unique circular 3,963,507 bp chromosome with 3749 coding genes and a G + C content of 46.53%. The genome contained 12 gene clusters with antibacterial functions, which constituted over 20.947% of the complete genome. Of note, the amino acid sequence encoding the ATP-1 protein in the strain CB6 genome was identified. In addition to these findings, we speculate that the ATP-1 protein may provide energy for secondary metabolites, which in turn will improve the antibacterial activity of the secondary metabolites. All the above important features make the ATP-1 as a potential candidate for the development of new antibacterial drugs and food preservatives in the future.

17.
Theranostics ; 10(24): 11264-11277, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33042282

RESUMO

Rationale: As the transcriptional products of active enhancers, enhancer RNAs (eRNAs) are essential for the initiation of tumorigenesis. However, the landscape and functional characteristics of eRNAs in Chinese lung adenocarcinoma, and the clinical utility of eRNA-based molecular subtypes remain largely unknown. Methods: A genome-wide profiling of eRNAs was performed in 80 Chinese lung adenocarcinoma patients with RNA-seq data. Functional eRNAs and associated genes were identified between paired adenocarcinoma and adjacent samples. Unsupervised clustering of functional eRNAs was conducted and the associations with molecular characteristics and clinical outcomes were accessed by integrating whole-genome sequencing data and clinical data. Additionally, 481 lung adenocarcinoma patients were used for the validation based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) dataset. Results: A total of 3297 eRNAs with sufficient expression were identified, which were globally upregulated in adenocarcinoma samples compared to matched-adjacent pairs (P = 7.61×10-3). Further analyses indicated that these upregulated eRNAs were correlated with copy number amplification (CNA) status (Cor = 0.22, P = 0.045), and eRNA-correlated genes were primarily involved in cell cycle and immune system-related pathways. Based on the co-expression analysis of eRNAs with protein-coding genes, we defined 188 functional eRNAs and their correlated genes were overrepresented in cancer driver genes (ER = 1.98, P = 5.95×10-12) and clinically-actionable genes (ER = 2.19, P = 3.44×10-4). The eRNA-based consensus clustering further identified a novel molecular subtype with immune deficiency and a high-level of genomic alterations, which was associated with poor clinical outcomes of lung adenocarcinoma patients (OS: HR = 1.91, P = 0.015; PFI: HR = 1.64, P = 0.034). Conclusions: The genome-wide identification and characterization of eRNAs reveal novel regulators for the development of lung cancer, which provides a new biological dimension for the understanding of eRNAs during lung carcinogenesis and emphasize the clinical utility of eRNA-based molecular subtypes in the treatment of lung adenocarcinoma.

18.
Lancet Oncol ; 21(10): 1378-1386, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002439

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genetic variants and lifestyle factors have been associated with gastric cancer risk, but the extent to which an increased genetic risk can be offset by a healthy lifestyle remains unknown. We aimed to establish a genetic risk model for gastric cancer and assess the benefits of adhering to a healthy lifestyle in individuals with a high genetic risk. METHODS: In this meta-analysis and prospective cohort study, we first did a fixed-effects meta-analysis of the association between genetic variants and gastric cancer in six independent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) with a case-control study design. These GWAS comprised 21 168 Han Chinese individuals, of whom 10 254 had gastric cancer and 10 914 geographically matched controls did not. Using summary statistics from the meta-analysis, we constructed five polygenic risk scores in a range of thresholds (p=5 × 10-4 p=5 × 10-5 p=5 × 10-6 p=5 × 10-7, and p=5 × 10-8) for gastric cancer. We then applied these scores to an independent, prospective, nationwide cohort of 100 220 individuals from the China Kadoorie Biobank (CKB), with more than 10 years of follow-up. The relative and absolute risk of incident gastric cancer associated with healthy lifestyle factors (defined as not smoking, never consuming alcohol, the low consumption of preserved foods, and the frequent intake of fresh fruits and vegetables), was assessed and stratified by genetic risk (low [quintile 1 of the polygenic risk score], intermediate [quintile 2-4 of the polygenic risk score], and high [quintile 5 of the polygenic risk score]). Individuals with a favourable lifestyle were considered as those who adopted all four healthy lifestyle factors, those with an intermediate lifestyle adopted two or three factors, and those with an unfavourable lifestyle adopted none or one factor. FINDINGS: The polygenic risk score derived from 112 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (p<5 × 10-5) showed the strongest association with gastric cancer risk (p=7·56 × 10-10). When this polygenic risk score was applied to the CKB cohort, we found that there was a significant increase in the relative risk of incident gastric cancer across the quintiles of the polygenic risk score (ptrend<0·0001). Compared with individuals who had a low genetic risk, those with an intermediate genetic risk (hazard ratio [HR] 1·54 [95% CI 1·22-1·94], p=2·67 × 10-4) and a high genetic risk (2·08 [1·61-2·69], p<0·0001) had a greater risk of gastric cancer. A similar increase in the relative risk of incident gastric cancer was observed across the lifestyle categories (ptrend<0·0001), with a higher risk of gastric cancer in those with an unfavourable lifestyle than those with a favourable lifestyle (2·03 [1·46-2·83], p<0·0001). Participants with a high genetic risk and a favourable lifestyle had a lower risk of gastric cancer than those with a high genetic risk and an unfavourable lifestyle (0·53 [0·29-0·99], p=0·048), with an absolute risk reduction of 1·12% (95% CI 0·62-1·56). INTERPRETATION: Chinese individuals at an increased risk of incident gastric cancer could be identified by use of our newly developed polygenic risk score. Compared with individuals at a high genetic risk who adopt an unhealthy lifestyle, those who adopt a healthy lifestyle could substantially reduce their risk of incident gastric cancer. FUNDING: National Key R&D Program of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China, 333 High-Level Talents Cultivation Project of Jiangsu Province, and China Postdoctoral Science Foundation.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Predisposição Genética para Doença/epidemiologia , Predisposição Genética para Doença/psicologia , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Herança Multifatorial , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/psicologia
19.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 6739823, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879886

RESUMO

BRCA1 and BRCA2 as important DNA repair genes have been thoroughly investigated in abundant studies. The potential relationships of BRCA1/2 pathogenic variants between multicancers have been verified in Caucasians but few in Chinese. In this study, we performed a two-stage study to screen BRCA1/2 pathogenic variants or variants of uncertain significance (VUS) with 7580 cancer cases and 4874 cancer-free controls, consisting of a discovery stage with 70 familial breast cancer cases and a subsequent validation stage with 7510 cases (3217 breast cancer, 1133 cervical cancer, 2044 hepatocellular carcinoma, and 1116 colorectal cancer). 48 variants were obtained from 70 familial breast cancer cases after BRCA1/2 exon detection, and finally, 20 pathogenic variants or VUS were selected for subsequent validation. Four recurrent variants in sporadic cases (BRCA1 c.4801A>T, BRCA1 c.3257del, BRCA1 c.440del, and BRCA2 c.7409dup) were identified and three of them were labeled Class 5 by ENIGMA. Two variants (BRCA1 c.3257del and c.440del) were specific in breast cancer cases, while BRCA2 c.7409dup and c.4307T>C were detected in two hepatocellular carcinoma patients and the BRCA1 c.4801A>T variant in one cervical cancer patient, respectively. Moreover, BRCA1 c.3257del was the most frequent variant observed in Chinese sporadic breast cancer and showed increased proliferation of BRCA1 c.3257del-overexpressing triple-negative breast cancer cell lines (MDA-MB-231) in vitro. In addition to the known founder deleterious mutations, our findings highlight that the recurrently pathogenic variants in breast cancer cases could be taken as candidate genetic screening loci for a more efficient genetic screening of the Chinese population.

20.
Front Med ; 2020 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32889700

RESUMO

Although genome-wide association studies have identified more than eighty genetic variants associated with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) risk, biological mechanisms of these variants remain largely unknown. By integrating a large-scale genotype data of 15 581 lung adenocarcinoma (AD) cases, 8350 squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC) cases, and 27 355 controls, as well as multiple transcriptome and epigenomic databases, we conducted histology-specific meta-analyses and functional annotations of both reported and novel susceptibility variants. We identified 3064 credible risk variants for NSCLC, which were overrepresented in enhancer-like and promoter-like histone modification peaks as well as DNase I hypersensitive sites. Transcription factor enrichment analysis revealed that USF1 was AD-specific while CREB1 was SqCC-specific. Functional annotation and gene-based analysis implicated 894 target genes, including 274 specifics for AD and 123 for SqCC, which were overrepresented in somatic driver genes (ER = 1.95, P = 0.005). Pathway enrichment analysis and Gene-Set Enrichment Analysis revealed that AD genes were primarily involved in immune-related pathways, while SqCC genes were homologous recombination deficiency related. Our results illustrate the molecular basis of both well-studied and new susceptibility loci of NSCLC, providing not only novel insights into the genetic heterogeneity between AD and SqCC but also a set of plausible gene targets for post-GWAS functional experiments.

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