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1.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(6): 480-486, 2021 Jun 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384154

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the genetic landscape of multiple fusion genes in patients with de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and investigate the characteristics of immunophenotypes and mutations. Methods: The results of multiple fusion genes from 4192 patients with de novo AML were retrospectively analyzed from 2016 to 2020. In addition, the immunophenotypical data and the mutational results from high-through put method were statistically investigated and correlated as well. Results: ①Among the 52 targets, 29 different types of fusion genes were detected in 1948 patients (46.47%) with AML, which demonstrated an "exponential distribution" . ② As the age increased, the number of patients with fusion gene increased first and then decreased gradually. The total incidence rate of fusion genes and MLL rearrangment in children were significantly higher than those in adults (69.18% vs 44.76%, 15.35% vs 8.36%) . ③The mutations involving FLT3 and RAS signaling pathway contributed most in patients with MLL rearrangment. ④No specific immunophenotypic characteristics were found in AML patients with MLL or NUP98 rearrangements. Conclusion: Nearly half of AML patients were accompanied by specific fusion gene expression, the proportions of different fusion genes in pediatric and adults patients were different by multiple PCR. The gene mutations and immunophenotype of these AML patients have certain rules.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Adulto , Criança , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Mutação , Proteína de Leucina Linfoide-Mieloide/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(8): 811-816, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378041

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the infection status and recombination of Norovirus in patients with acute gastroenteritis in Ningxia. Methods: The specimens of 10 sentinel hospitals in Ningxia were collected from 2016 to 2017. Real-time quantitative PCR was used for nucleic acid detection. GⅡ-positive samples were amplified by RT-PCR for the RdRp and Capsid regions, then sequenced and genotyped. Evolution analysis was performed using software such as MEGA-X, and recombination analysis was performed using Simplot 3.5.1 and RDP4. Results: The age of the 2 334 cases was 1.42 (0.68, 7.69) years old, 1 133 cases in 2016 and 1 201 cases in 2017, 1 343 and 991 cases for males and females respectively. The positive rate of Norovirus GⅠ genogroup was 0.86% (20/2 334), and GⅡ genogroup was 14.82% (346/2 334). A total of 78 recombinant strains were sequenced and 12 recombinant types were found. GⅡ.Pe/GⅡ.4Sydney_2012 and GⅡ.P12/GⅡ.3 were the main epidemic strains, accounting for 35.90% (28 strains) and 32.05% (25 strain) respectively, followed by GⅡ.P16/GⅡ.2 accounting for 12.82% (10 strains). Among them,GⅡ.P7/GⅡ.6 (2 strains), GⅡ.P12/GⅡ.3 (6 strains), GⅡ.P16/GⅡ.1 (2 strains), GⅡ.P16/GⅡ.2 (5 strains), GⅡ.Pe/GⅡ.4 (7 strains) were detected for the first time in Ningxia. Recombinant strains were all intergenotype recombination, and the recombination breakpionts were all located within ORF1. Conclusion: Norovirus infection in Ningxia area was mainly in GⅡ genogroup from 2016 to 2017, and most of them were recombinant strains. GⅡ.Pe/GⅡ.4Sydney_2012 and GⅡ.P12/GⅡ.3 were the main epidemic strains, followed by GⅡ.P16/GⅡ. 2.


Assuntos
Infecções por Caliciviridae/epidemiologia , Gastroenterite/virologia , Norovirus/genética , Recombinação Genética , Criança , China , Feminino , Gastroenterite/epidemiologia , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Filogenia
3.
5.
Ann N Y Acad Sci ; 919: 9-15, 2000.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11083092

RESUMO

An important aspect of the drug development process is prediction of efficacious and toxic side effects. Profiling of mRNA expression is a powerful approach to analyze the molecular phenotype of cells under various conditions, for example, in response to stimulation by compounds. We attempt to explore the approach of using expression profiling to identify patterns or fingerprints that are correlated with specific drug properties or behaviors. Identification of such expression patterns may also lead to revelation of the potential action mechanism of drugs and fingerprints indicative of certain drug efficacy or side effects. We describe here a strategy that was used to identify a set of genes whose differential expression pattern correlates with activation mode and target specificity of a specific group of drug compounds.


Assuntos
Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Testes de Toxicidade/métodos , Algoritmos , Linhagem Celular , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Músculo Liso Vascular/citologia , Músculo Liso Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Software , Especificidade por Substrato/genética
7.
Biochem J ; 316 ( Pt 1): 143-7, 1996 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-8645197

RESUMO

Vacuolar proton-pyrophosphatase (H(+)-PPase) of mung bean seedlings contains a single kind of polypeptide with a molecular mass of approx. 73 kDa. However, in this study, a molecular mass of approx. 140 kDa was obtained for the purified vacuolar H(+)-PPase by size-exclusion gel-filtration chromatography, suggesting that the solubilized form of this enzyme is a dimer. Radiation inactivation analysis of tonoplast vesicles yielded functional masses of 141.5 +/- 10.8 and 158.4 +/- 19.5 kDa for PP1 hydrolysis activity and its supported proton translocation respectively. These results confirmed the in situ dimeric structure of the membrane-bound H(+)-PPase of plant vacuoles. Further target-size analysis showed that the functional unit of purified vacuolar H(+)-PPase was 71.1 +/- 6.7 kDa, indicating that only one subunit of the purified dimeric complex would sufficiently display its enzymic reaction. Moreover, in the presence of valinomycin and KCl, the functional size of membrane-bound H(+)-PPase was decreased to approx. 63.4 +/- 6.3 kDa. A working model was proposed to elucidate the structure of native H(+)-PPase on vacuolar membrane as a functional dimer. Factors that would disturb the membrane, e.g. membrane solubilization and the addition of valinomycin and KCl, may induce an alteration in its enzyme structure, subsequently resulting in a different functional size.


Assuntos
Fabaceae/enzimologia , Plantas Medicinais , Pirofosfatases/química , Carbonil Cianeto p-Trifluormetoxifenil Hidrazona/farmacologia , Cromatografia em Gel , Radioisótopos de Cobalto , Relação Dose-Resposta à Radiação , Gramicidina/farmacologia , Pirofosfatase Inorgânica , Cinética , Substâncias Macromoleculares , Modelos Estruturais , Pirofosfatases/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirofosfatases/efeitos da radiação , Vacúolos/enzimologia , Valinomicina/farmacologia
8.
Dev Genet ; 16(3): 229-40, 1995.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-7796532

RESUMO

Many mammalian transcription factors, including human and mouse serum response factors (SRFs), are post-translationally modified with O-linked N-acetylglucosamine monosaccharides on multiple serine and/or threonine residues. Nuclear extracts were prepared from 9.5 to 19 days postcoitum mouse embryos and subsequently were fractionated by wheat germ agglutinin (WGA)-agarose affinity chromatography. SRF binds WGA-agarose and apparently is O-glycosylated. On the other hand, the low molecular weight serum response element (SRE)-binding proteins, including the previously named band I and band II factors, did not bind WGA-agarose. Furthermore, we showed that the fastest migrating complex contains the Yin-Yang 1 (YY1) factor. YY1 binds to the c-fos SRE and skeletal alpha-actin muscle regulatory element (MRE), but not the cardiac alpha-actin MRE. Nuclear extracts from NIH/3T3 fibroblasts contain similar, if not identical, SRE-binding complexes. Besides these SRE-binding factors, mouse PEA3-binding factor, presumably an ETS domain-containing protein, was found to bind SRF protein. This physical interaction, between SRF and ETS domain proteins, was shown to involve the DNA-binding domain-containing region of SRF and not the carboxyl-terminal transactivation domain.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Embrião de Mamíferos/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Sítios de Ligação , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , DNA/genética , DNA/metabolismo , Primers do DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/química , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Fatores de Ligação de DNA Eritroide Específicos , Feminino , Genes fos , Glicosilação , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Proteínas Nucleares/química , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Gravidez , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Fator de Resposta Sérica , Fatores de Transcrição/química , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fator de Transcrição YY1
9.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 200(3): 1742-7, 1994 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-7910456

RESUMO

The Serum Response Element in the c-fos promoter is the target of growth factor-regulated signal transduction pathways. The ternary complex of Serum Response Element-binding protein Serum Response Factor and its accessory protein Ternary Complex Factor are important for transcriptional stimulation of the c-fos promoter in fibroblasts. However, this promoter is repressed in differentiating muscle cells. We discovered that MHox, a muscle homeodomain protein, was capable of inhibiting formation of the ternary complex by direct physical interaction between MHox and Serum Response Factor accessory protein-1 (SAP-1), one member of the Ternary Complex Factor family of proteins. Furthermore, exogenous MHox protein inhibited serum-inducibility of a Serum Response Element-dependent reporter gene in permeabilized fibroblasts. Taken together, these results imply that MHox is involved in blocking mitogenic signals during myogenesis.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Genes Homeobox , Proteínas Musculares/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-fos/metabolismo , Células 3T3 , Animais , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Células HeLa , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Substâncias Macromoleculares , Camundongos , Fator de Resposta Sérica
10.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 107(2): 95-8, 1994 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-8194387

RESUMO

A young Chinese lady with ACTH-independent Cushing's Syndrome was reported. Her clinical features was compatible with the recently described Carney's complex. Bilateral adrenalectomy was then performed. The diagnosis of bilateral pigmented nodular adrenocortical dysplasia was microscopically confirmed.


Assuntos
Córtex Suprarrenal/patologia , Hiperfunção Adrenocortical/patologia , Transtornos da Pigmentação/patologia , Córtex Suprarrenal/cirurgia , Adrenalectomia , Hiperfunção Adrenocortical/cirurgia , Hormônio Adrenocorticotrópico/sangue , Adulto , Síndrome de Cushing/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Transtornos da Pigmentação/cirurgia
11.
J Biol Chem ; 268(28): 21147-54, 1993 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-8407951

RESUMO

The serum response factor (SRF) is a 67-kDa phosphoprotein that, together with auxiliary factors, modulates transcription of immediate early genes containing serum response elements in their promoters. Here we show that the carboxyl-terminal domain of human SRF is phosphorylated in vivo and is recognized in vitro by the double-stranded DNA-activated serine/threonine-specific protein kinase, DNA-PK. SRF phosphorylation by DNA-PK was stimulated by its cognate binding site. Protein microsequence analysis of a 22-amino acid synthetic SRF peptide and phosphopeptide analysis of genetically altered glutathione S-transferase-SRF fusion proteins identified Ser-435 and Ser-446 of human SRF as sites phosphorylated by DNA-PK. Both serines are followed by glutamine. Changing Gln-436 and Gln-447 to other residues reduced or eliminated phosphorylation by DNA-PK, confirming that these glutamines are important determinants for kinase recognition. The carboxyl-terminal transcription activation domain was mapped within a 71-amino acid region that contains both DNA-PK phosphorylation sites. Amino acid substitutions that interfered with phosphorylation by DNA-PK at Ser-435/446 in GAL4-SRF fusion proteins were reduced in transactivation potency. From these data we suggest that DNA-PK phosphorylation may modulate SRF activity in vivo.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , DNA/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Ativação Transcricional , Células 3T3 , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Sítios de Ligação , Células Cultivadas , DNA Complementar , Proteína Quinase Ativada por DNA , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Células HeLa , Humanos , Camundongos , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Fosforilação , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/metabolismo , Fator de Resposta Sérica , Transcrição Genética
12.
J Biol Chem ; 268(15): 10802-7, 1993 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-7684367

RESUMO

A radiation inactivation technique was employed to determine the functional size of adenosine triphosphatase from Escherichia coli (EF0EF1-ATPase). Functional units of the membrane-bound and the soluble ATPases were estimated to be 300 +/- 39 and 295 +/- 32 kDa, respectively. The presence of the free radical scavenger dithiothreitol was crucial in measuring the radiation inactivation size of ATPase. When gramicidin and carbonyl cyanide p-trifluoromethoxyphenylhydrazone were added, an increase in the functional mass of membrane-bound ATPase was observed. In contrast, valinomycin and KCl had hardly any effect on the functional size of ATPase. We also determined a functional unit of 355 +/- 33 kDa for proton translocation by a fluorescence quenching technique. A reconstitution study using irradiated coupling factor 1 (EF1)-depleted membrane revealed that the functional mass of the proton channel was 96 +/- 11 kDa. A similar functional size for ATP-Pi exchange and ATP hydrolysis implies that both reactions might utilize identical machinery. Furthermore, functional units of soluble EF1 for unisite (nonsteady state) and multisite (steady state) ATP hydrolysis were calculated as 200 +/- 32 and 298 +/- 32 kDa, respectively. A working hypothesis was proposed from radiation inactivation analysis to elucidate the structure and mechanism of F1-ATPase.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli/enzimologia , Ionóforos/farmacologia , ATPases Translocadoras de Prótons/química , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Membrana Celular/enzimologia , Radioisótopos de Cobalto , Relação Dose-Resposta à Radiação , Gramicidina/farmacologia , Cinética , Peso Molecular , ATPases Translocadoras de Prótons/metabolismo , ATPases Translocadoras de Prótons/efeitos da radiação , Termodinâmica , Valinomicina/farmacologia
13.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 45(2): 103-10, 1993 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-8356465

RESUMO

Transpial migration of implanted 5-HT neurons from the subarachnoid space into the spinal cord was studied in adult Wistar rats. Embryonic raphe tissue or cell suspension containing 5-HT cells was used as grafts. The implanted 5-HT cells were monitored by 5-HT immunohistochemical method. The results are as follows: (1) 10 d after cutting the spinal cord at lower thoracic level, 5-HT fibers disappeared in the transected spinal cord. (2) Raphe tissue was implanted into the subarachnoid space of the thoracic lumbar segment after the spinal cord was cut. One month later, 5-HT positive cells could be found in the transected spinal cord with fibers extending into both the grey and the white matters. (3) If the raphe cell suspension instead was implanted, a number of 5-HT positive cells appeared in the grey matter near the implanted region and the distribution of these cells in the grey matter was quite consistent with the implanted range of the cell suspension in the subarachnoid space. The 5-HT positive cells which had entered into the spinal cord sent out fibers and reestablished a new fiber network in the grey matter. (4) After implantation, the number of the 5-HT positive fibers in the transected grey matter became more and more sparsely distributed with increasing distance from the cell bodies and the 5-HT positive fibers reappeared in the white matter were much less than that in the grey matter. Present results show that the implanted 5-HT neurons are able to migrate transpially from the subarachnoid space into the spinal cord.


Assuntos
Tronco Encefálico/transplante , Transplante de Tecido Encefálico , Transplante de Tecido Fetal , Serotonina/fisiologia , Medula Espinal/química , Animais , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Feminino , Imuno-Histoquímica , Neurônios/fisiologia , Neurônios/transplante , Gravidez , Núcleos da Rafe/citologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Espaço Subaracnóideo/cirurgia
14.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 44(4): 370-8, 1992 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-1293750

RESUMO

In view of the fact that in embryonic and neonatal central nervous system (CNS), the pathway of developing fiber tracts is capable of guiding the axonal growth, it would be interesting to know whether a similar effect exists on the axonal growth in adult CNS. Embryonic fimbria was grafted into the hippocampus of the adult rat. Two weeks later, the grafts were examined for cholinergic fibers with AChE histochemical method. It was found that a lot of cholinergic fibers appeared in the embryonic graft, but none of them in the adult fimbria graft as control. If the fimbria-fornix was transected at the time of grafting, no cholinergic fibers could subsequently be detected in both the embryonic graft and the host hippocampus. If a suspension of embryonic fimbria was used as a graft, only a few of long cholinergic fibers could be found in the grafted area. However, if tissue fragments of embryonic fimbria adhered to a strip of nitrocellulose filter were grafted as previously, numerous cholinergic fibers from the host hippocampus were found to be attracted around the strip and grow along the surface of the filter. The results seem to indicate that grafted embryonic fimbria or its tissue fragments are able to guide cholinergic fiber growth in adult hippocampus. It is possible that embryonic fimbria and other pathways of developing CNS fiber tracts provide a natural substrate for guiding axonal growth in adult CNS.


Assuntos
Transplante de Tecido Encefálico , Fibras Colinérgicas/fisiologia , Transplante de Tecido Fetal , Hipocampo/transplante , Acetilcolina/metabolismo , Animais , Axônios/fisiologia , Feminino , Hipocampo/embriologia , Hipocampo/cirurgia , Regeneração Nervosa , Gravidez , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
15.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 14(2): 133-7, 1991 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-1756684

RESUMO

We reviewed the prevalence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension and cigarette smoking in 176 Chinese patients with acute stroke, classified, on computed tomographic findings, as intracerebral haemorrhage or cerebral infarction. In all patients with no known history of diabetes, a 75 g OGTT was done 3-6 months after ictus and interpreted using WHO criteria. The overall prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) was 33.5% and 21.0%, respectively, with a higher prevalence being found in patients with cerebral infarction (P less than 0.05). Forty percent of those with diabetes were previously undiagnosed - all but 2 had ischaemic stroke. Compared to reported findings in the general population, an increased prevalence of hypertension, and possibly also cigarette smoking was found in patients with both stroke categories. On the other hand, significant hypercholesterolaemia was not found in patients of either category. In view of the high prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes among these stroke patients and the increased morbidity and mortality associated with diabetes mellitus, screening for diabetes is recommended especially in those with ischaemic stroke. If a fasting plasma glucose of greater than or equal to 6 mmol/l was used for the initial screening of undiagnosed diabetes in this group of patients, the sensitivity and specificity values would have been 78% and 94%, respectively. Whether this cut-off value can be cost-effectively employed for mass screening remains to be confirmed by studies involving larger numbers of stroke patients.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Cerebral/complicações , Infarto Cerebral/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Glicemia/análise , Hemorragia Cerebral/sangue , Infarto Cerebral/sangue , China/etnologia , Colesterol/sangue , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , Complicações do Diabetes , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose , Hong Kong , Humanos , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Fumar , Triglicerídeos/sangue
16.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 12(3): 181-6, 1991 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-1889347

RESUMO

A 12-month prospective study was carried out in 120 Chinese patients with gestational diabetes who were found to have persistent carbohydrate intolerance at 6 weeks postpartum. The 75 g OGTT and WHO diagnostic criteria were employed for both antepartum and postpartum assessment. By 12 months, persistent carbohydrate intolerance was found in 13.3% of the patients only, 6 patients were diabetic while 10 had impaired glucose tolerance. Of those whose carbohydrate tolerance reverted to normal, 85% did so within the first 6 months. The clinical variables were analysed by multiple discriminant analysis using the logistic model. Five prognostic variables which were predictive of persistent carbohydrate intolerance at 12 months were identified. In order of decreasing predictive value, these included a high fasting glucose during pregnancy and at the first postnatal visit, a high antepartum 2 h blood glucose, the requirement of insulin during pregnancy, and a high postpartum 2 h blood glucose. Macrosomia, gestational age at diagnosis and a family history of diabetes were not predictive of persistent carbohydrate intolerance. Multiparity, maternal age and body mass index were of marginal significance only. The fitted logistic model provides a mechanism to estimate the probability of persistent carbohydrate intolerance. Such information will be helpful in patient counselling and in the efficient planning of postpartum medical follow-up.


Assuntos
Metabolismo dos Carboidratos , Gravidez em Diabéticas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Glicemia/metabolismo , Tolerância a Medicamentos , Feminino , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Gravidez , Gravidez em Diabéticas/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
17.
FEBS Lett ; 283(1): 57-60, 1991 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-1645297

RESUMO

A radiation inactivation technique was employed to determine the functional size of pyrophosphatase (PPase) from the chromatophores of Rhodospirillum rubrum. The activities of hydrolysis and synthesis reactions of pyrophosphatase and its coupled proton translocation decayed in a simple exponential function with the increase of radiation dosages. D37 values of 5.2 +/- 0.7 and 5.8 +/- 0.8 Mrads were obtained for pyrophosphate hydrolysis and its associated proton translocation yielding molecular masses of 167.7 +/- 30.7 and 156.3 +/- 26.6 kDa, respectively. Similarly, a D37 value of 4.4 +/- 0.6 Mrads was measured for the acid-base induced pyrophosphate synthesis resulting in a radiation sensitive size of 196.3 +/- 31.9 kDa.


Assuntos
Pirofosfatases/química , Rhodospirillum rubrum/enzimologia , Hidrólise , Pirofosfatases/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirofosfatases/efeitos da radiação
18.
Postgrad Med J ; 66(772): 132-3, 1990 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-2349185

RESUMO

A patient with hyperthyroid Graves' disease and struma ovarii is described. She had pre-existing Graves' disease and positive thyrotrophin receptor antibody. She was treated with radioactive iodine 5 months before she became pregnant. Paripartum she had torsion of an ovarian cyst with histological evidence of a functional struma ovarii. Immediate exacerbation of her thyrotoxic state was observed after operation as a result of release of thyroid hormone from the tumour. It is postulated that the tumour was stimulated by circulating thyrotrophin receptor antibody.


Assuntos
Doença de Graves/complicações , Hipertireoidismo/etiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/complicações , Complicações Neoplásicas na Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez , Estruma Ovariano/complicações , Adulto , Anticorpos/análise , Feminino , Doença de Graves/radioterapia , Humanos , Radioisótopos do Iodo/uso terapêutico , Gravidez , Receptores da Tireotropina/imunologia
19.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 22(3): 295-303, 1990.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-2210987

RESUMO

Eighteen patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), hypertension and nephropathy were randomized to receive captopril or enalapril for 6 months. Two patients with serum creatinine of greater than 400 mumol/l had to be excluded from the study because of rapidly deteriorating renal function after starting treatment. Of the remaining patients, 7 received captopril and 9 received enalapril. Blood pressure control was achieved in about 50% of patients with either drug alone. Serum creatinine and creatinine clearance were unchanged in both groups but there was a greater tendency for the former to increase in patients with higher pretreatment values. Proteinuria was reduced at 1 month only in the enalapril group which also showed a significant elevation of serum potassium after treatment. Captopril and enalapril have only a modest antihypertensive action in patients with NIDDM and nephropathy. Their use in patients with renal insufficiency must be balanced against the risk of further aggravating the deterioration of renal function.


Assuntos
Captopril/uso terapêutico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Nefropatias Diabéticas/complicações , Enalapril/uso terapêutico , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
Aust N Z J Med ; 19(3): 202-6, 1989 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-2549927

RESUMO

The progress of 41 Chinese patients with acromegaly treated with megavoltage radiotherapy was reviewed after a mean follow-up of 4.5 (one-ten) years. Nine received prior surgery. Radiotherapy was delivered by a 3-field technique to a total of 4000-5000 cGy in 25 fractions. By life table analysis successful treatment of growth hormone (GH) hypersecretion, as defined by a mean GH concentration of less than or equal to 10 mu/L, could be expected in 6, 11, 26, 64 and 67% of the patients after one, two, five, eight and ten years respectively. Median intervals before achieving a mean GH level of less than or equal to 10 mu/L were 6.6 and 8.6 years following radiotherapy with the higher (4500-5000 cGy) and lower (4000 cGy) doses respectively, suggesting a tendency towards earlier response following radiotherapy with the higher dose. The prevalence of acquired hypopituitarism in patients followed up for over five years was 40% for gonadotrophins, 30% for TSH and 20% for ACTH deficiency respectively. In the majority of patients, acquired hypopituitarism was not apparent within five years after radiotherapy. No mortality or major side effects were noted following radiotherapy. In 34 patients on long-term bromocriptine treatment, mean GH concentrations were normalised in 26.5% of patients. We conclude that with judicious selection of patients and use of adjunctive medical therapy, megavoltage radiotherapy remains a safe and satisfactory form of treatment for acromegaly especially if expert transphenoidal surgery is not readily available.


Assuntos
Acromegalia/radioterapia , Radioterapia de Alta Energia , Acromegalia/sangue , Hormônio Adrenocorticotrópico/sangue , Adulto , Bromocriptina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Hormônio do Crescimento/sangue , Humanos , Hipopituitarismo/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hipófise/efeitos da radiação , Radioterapia de Alta Energia/efeitos adversos , Tireotropina/sangue
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