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1.
Mol Cancer ; 19(1): 24, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32019547

RESUMO

After the publication of this work [1], the authors noticed that the affiliations were incorrectly provided. Updated affiliation section is provided in this paper.

2.
Cancer Biother Radiopharm ; 35(1): 41-49, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31916845

RESUMO

Background: NRAGE (neurotrophin receptor-interacting melanoma antigen-encoding gene homolog) has a complex role and regulates cell growth in different tumor cells. Although NRAGE was been discovered for more than 10 years ago, the function of NRAGE in hepatoblastoma (HB) cells is currently unknown. Materials and Methods: The expression of NRAGE was detected by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay or western blotting assay. Cellular apoptosis was analyzed to estimate the effect of NRAGE under radiation. The ability of clonogenic capacity was evaluated to confirm the influence of proliferation for NRAGE by radiation. The immunofluorescence assay was used to further study the expression of NRAGE under radiation. A nude mouse tumor xenograft model was constructed to confirm the effect of NRAGE deficiency under radiation conditions in vivo. Results: The authors determined that deletion of NRAGE significantly inhibited HB cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo, and NRAGE knockdown apparently sensitized HB cells to ionizing radiation (IR). Further mechanistic studies revealed that NRAGE plays a critical role in homologous recombination by inhibiting the expression of RNF8 (ring finger protein 8) and BARD1 (BRCA1 associated RING domain 1) and the recruitment of RAD51. Conclusions: The authors demonstrated that downregulation of NRAGE sensitizes HB cell lines to IR in vitro and in vivo. It provides a promising therapeutic strategy for HB patients by specifically targeting NRAGE.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31943664

RESUMO

Single-layer and multi-layer 2D polyimine films have been achieved through interfacial synthesis methods. However, it remains a great challenge to achieve the maximum degree of crystallinity in the 2D polyimines, which largely limits the long-range transport properties. Here we employ a surfactant-monolayer-assisted interfacial synthesis (SMAIS) method for the successful preparation of porphyrin and triazine containing polyimine-based 2D polymer (PI-2DP) films with square and hexagonal lattices, respectively. The synthetic PI-2DP films are featured with polycrystalline multilayers with tunable thickness from 6 to 200 nm and large crystalline domains (100-150 nm in size). Intrigued by high crystallinity and the presence of electroactive porphyrin moieties, the optoelectronic properties of PI-2DP are investigated by time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy. Typically, the porphyrin-based PI-2DP 1 film exhibits a p-type semiconductor behavior with a band gap of 1.38 eV and hole mobility as high as 0.01 cm2 V-1 s-1 , superior to the previously reported polyimine based materials.

4.
Curr Mol Med ; 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31903876

RESUMO

AIMS: To study the effect of Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) on fibrosis of hypertrophic scar-derived fibroblasts (HSFs) and its concrete mechanism. BACKGROUND: ADSCs have been reported to reduce collagen production and fibroblast proliferation in co-culture experiments. Conditioned medium from adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs-CM) has successfully inhibited fibrosis by decreasing the expression of collagen type І (Col1) and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) in rabbit ear scar models. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), the primary growth factor in ADSCs-CM, has been shown to reverse fibrosis in various fibrotic diseases. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that ADSCs inhibit fibrosis of HSFs through the secretion of HGF. METHODS: HSFs were treated with DMEM containing 0%, 10%, 50% and 100% concentration of ADSCs-CM. The effect of ADSCs-CM on the viability was determined by cell viability assay, and the collagen production in HSFs was examined by Sirius red staining. Expression and secretion of fibrosis and degradation proteins were detected separately. After measuring the concentration of HGF in ADSCs-CM, the same number of HSFs were treated with 50% ADSCs-CM or HGF. HGF activity in ADSCs-CM was neutralized with a goat anti-human HGF antibody. RESULTS: The results demonstrated that ADSCs-CM dose-dependently decreased cell viability, expression of fibrosis molecules, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1), and significantly increased matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) expression in HSFs. Collagen production and the ratio of collagen type І and type III (Col1/Col3) were also suppressed by ADSCs-CM in a dose-dependent manner. When HSFs were cultured with either 50% ADSCs-CM or HGF (1 ng/ml), a similar trend was observed in gene expression and protein secretion. Adding an HGF antibody to both groups returned protein expression and secretion to basal levels but did not significantly affect the fibrosis factors in the control group. CONCLUSION: Our findings revealed that adipose-derived stem cell-secreted HGF effectively inhibits fibrosis-related factors and regulates extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling in hypertrophic scar fibroblasts.

5.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(2): 1640-1649, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794134

RESUMO

Accumulating studies have proved EZH2 dysregulation mediated by mutation and expression in diverse human cancers including AML. However, the expression pattern of EZH2 remains controversial in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). EZH1/2 expression and mutation were analysed in 200 patients with AML. EZH2 expression was significantly decreased in AML patients compared with normal controls but not for EZH1 expression. EZH2 mutation was identified three of the 200 AML patients (1.5%, 3/200), whereas none of the patients harboured EZH1 mutation (0%, 0/200). EZH2 expression and mutation were significantly associated with -7/del(7) karyotypes. Moreover, lower EZH2 expression was associated with older age, higher white blood cells, NPM1 mutation, CEBPA wild-type and WT1 wild-type. Patients with EZH2 mutation showed shorter overall survival (OS) and leukaemia-free survival (LFS) than patients without EHZ2 mutation after receiving autologous or allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). However, EZH2 expression has no effect on OS and LFS of AML patients. Notably, in EZH2 low group, patients undergone HSCT had significantly better OS and LFS compared with patients only received chemotherapy, whereas no significant difference was found in OS and LFS between chemotherapy and HSCT patients in EZH2 high group. Collectively, EZH2 dysregulation caused by mutation and under-expression identifies specific subtypes of AML EZH2 dysregulation may be acted as potential biomarkers predicting prognosis and guiding the treatment choice between transplantation and chemotherapy.

6.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 59(1): 465-470, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593361

RESUMO

Transition-metal phosphides (TMPs) have emerged as a fascinating class of narrow-gap semiconductors and electrocatalysts. However, they are intrinsic nonlayered materials that cannot be delaminated into two-dimensional (2D) sheets. Here, we demonstrate a general bottom-up topochemical strategy to synthesize a series of 2D TMPs (e.g. Co2 P, Ni12 P5 , and Cox Fe2-x P) by using phosphorene sheets as the phosphorus precursors and 2D templates. Notably, 2D Co2 P is a p-type semiconductor, with a hole mobility of 20.8 cm2 V-1 s-1 at 300 K in field-effect transistors. It also behaves as a promising electrocatalyst for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER), thanks to the charge-transport modulation and improved surface exposure. In particular, iron-doped Co2 P (i.e. Co1.5 Fe0.5 P) delivers a low overpotential of only 278 mV at a current density of 10 mA cm-2 that outperforms the commercial Ir/C benchmark (304 mV).

7.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 8(1): e1067, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31833222

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have disclosed up-regulation of MIR-378 in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and might consequently affect the outcome of the patients. Correspondingly, hypomethylation of MIR-378 was also identified in AML, particularly for FAB-M2 subtype with t(8;21) chromosomal translocation. Nevertheless, the methylation status of MIR-378 has not been illustrated in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Herein we designed to understand the methylation pattern of MIR-378 involved in MDS and clinical interrelation thereof. METHODS: Real-time quantitative methylation-specific PCR (RQ-MSP) was performed to evaluate the methylation degree of MIR-378 5'-flanking region on bone marrow mononuclear cells collected from 95 de novo MDS patients. Five gene mutations (IDH1, IDH2, DNMT3A, U2AF1, and SF3B1) were detected by high-resolution melting analysis to further evaluate the clinical relevance of hypomethylation of MIR-378. RESULTS: Unmethylated level of MIR-378 5'-flanking region was significantly higher in MDS patients than that in controls (p = .034). Hypomethylated MIR-378 was identified in 20 of 95 (21%) cases with MDS. Male patients appeared to be more frequent to harbor MIR-378 hypomethylation compared to female patients (15/55, 27.3% vs. 4/40, 10.0%, p = .04). There was no significant difference in age, white blood cell counts, platelet counts, hemoglobin concentration, and karyotypes between the patients with and without MIR-378-hypomethylation. Distinct distribution of five gene mutations was not observed in the two groups as well. However, MIR-378-hypomethylated patients had significantly shorter overall survival than those without MIR-378 hypomethylation (p = .036). Moreover, among patients <60 years, hypomethylation of MIR-378 was confirmed to be an independent adverse prognostic factor by both Kaplan-Meier and Multivariate Cox analyses. CONCLUSION: Hypomethylation of MIR-378 5'-flanking region is an adverse prognosticator in MDS, particularly in patients <60 years.

8.
Life Sci Alliance ; 3(1)2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852733

RESUMO

Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite capable of infecting warm-blooded animals by ingestion. The organism enters host cells and resides in the cytoplasm in a membrane-bound parasitophorous vacuole (PV). Inducing an interferon response enables IFN-γ-inducible immunity-related GTPase (IRG protein) to accumulate on the PV and to restrict parasite growth. However, little is known about the mechanisms by which IRG proteins recognize and destroy T. gondii PV. We characterized the role of IRG protein Irgb6 in the cell-autonomous response against T. gondii, which involves vacuole ubiquitination and breakdown. We show that Irgb6 is capable of binding a specific phospholipid on the PV membrane. Furthermore, the absence of Irgb6 causes reduced targeting of other effector IRG proteins to the PV. This suggests that Irgb6 has a role as a pioneer in the process by which multiple IRG proteins access the PV. Irgb6-deficient mice are highly susceptible to infection by a strain of T. gondii avirulent in wild-type mice.

9.
Pharm Biol ; 58(1): 72-79, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31875760

RESUMO

Context: Cisplatin-based chemotherapy was widely used in treating human malignancies. However, side effects and chemoresistance remains the major obstacle.Objective: To verify whether natural borneol (NB) can enhance cisplatin-induced glioma cell apoptosis and explore the mechanism.Materials and methods: Cytotoxicity of cisplatin and/or NB towards U251 and U87 cells were determined with the MTT assay. Cells were treated with 0.25-80 µg/mL cisplatin and/or 5-80 µM NB for 48 h. The effects of NB and/or cisplatin on apoptosis and cell cycle distribution were quantified by flow cytometric analysis. Protein expression was detected by western blotting. ROS generation was conducted by measuring and visualising an oxidation-sensitive fluorescein DCFH-DA.Results: NB synergistically enhanced the anticancer efficacy of cisplatin in human glioma cells. Co-treatment of 40 µg/mL NB and 40 µg/mL cisplatin significantly inhibited U251 cell viability from 100% to 28.2% and increased the sub-G1 population from 1.4% to 59.3%. Further detection revealed that NB enhanced cisplatin-induced apoptosis by activating caspases and triggering reactive oxygen species (ROS) overproduction as evidenced by the enhancement of green fluorescence intensity from 265% to 645%. ROS-mediated DNA damage was observed as reflected by the activation of ATM/ATR, p53 and histone. Moreover, MAPKs and PI3K/AKT pathways also contributed to co-treatment-induced U251 cell growth inhibition. ROS inhibition by antioxidants effectively improved MAPKs and PI3K/AKT functions and cell viability, indicating that NB enhanced cisplatin-induced cell growth in a ROS-dependent manner.Discussion and conclusions: Natural borneol had the potential to sensitise human glioma cells to cisplatin-induced apoptosis with potential application in the clinic.

10.
Front Pharmacol ; 10: 1296, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31824306

RESUMO

Successful adhesion of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) to microvascular endothelium of distant metastatic tissue is the key starting step of metastatic cascade that could be effectively chemoprevented as we demonstrated previously. Here, we hypothesize that the hetero-adhesion may produce secretory biomarkers that may be important for both premetastatic diagnosis and chemoprevention. We show that co-incubation of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cell line MDA-MB-231 with human pulmonary microvascular endothelial monolayers (HPMEC) secretes Cyr61 (CCN1), primarily from MDA-MB-231. However, addition of metapristone (RU486 metabolite) to the co-incubation system inhibits Cyr61 secretion probably via the Cyr61/integrin αvß1 signaling pathway without significant cytotoxicity on both MDA-MB-231 and HPMEC. Transfection of MDA-MB-231 with Cyr61-related recombinant plasmid or siRNA enhances or reduces Cyr61 expression, accordingly. The transfection significantly changes hetero-adhesion and migration of MDA-MB-231, and the changed bioactivities by overexpressed CYR61 could be antagonized by metapristone in vitro. Moreover, the circulating MDA-MB-231 develops lung metastasis in mice, which could be effectively prevented by oral metapristone without significant toxicity. The present study, for the first time, demonstrates that co-incubation of MDA-MB-231 with HPMEC secrets CYR61 probably via the CYR61/integrin αvß1 signaling pathway to promote adhesion-invasion of TNBC (early metastatic step). Metapristone, by interfering the adhesion-invasion process, prevents metastasis from happening.

11.
Cell Rep ; 29(11): 3664-3677.e5, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31825843

RESUMO

The Hippo signaling pathway plays a key role in development and cancer progression. However, molecules that intrinsically inhibit this pathway are less well known. Here, we report that the focal adhesion molecule Kindlin-2 inhibits Hippo signaling by interacting with and degrading MOB1 and promoting the interaction between MOB1 and the E3 ligase praja2. Kindlin-2 thus inhibits the phosphorylation of LATS1 and YAP and promotes YAP translocation into the nucleus, where it activates downstream Hippo target gene transcription. Kindlin-2 depletion activates Hippo/YAP signaling and alleviates renal fibrosis in Kindlin-2 knockout mice with unilateral ureteral occlusion (UUO). Moreover, Kindlin-2 levels are negatively correlated with MOB1 and phosphorylated (p) YAP in samples from patients with renal fibrosis. Altogether, these results demonstrate that Kindlin-2 inhibits Hippo signaling through degradation of MOB1. A specific long-lasting siRNA against Kindlin-2 effectively alleviated UUO-induced renal fibrosis and could be a potential therapy for renal fibrosis.

12.
Sci Total Environ ; : 135157, 2019 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31836235

RESUMO

Dissolved oxygen (DO) undountedly affects fish distribution, metabolism, and evern survival. Intensive aquaculture and environmental changes will inevitably lead to hypoxic stress for largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides). The different metabolic responses and mechanism still remains relatively unknown during acute hypoxia exposure. In this study, largemouth bass were subjected to hypoxic stress (3.0 ± 0.2 mg/L and 1.2 ± 0.2 mg/L) for 24 h and 12 h reoxygenation to systemically evaluate indicators of glucose and lipid metabolism. A regulatory network was constructed using RNA-seq to further elucidate the transcriptional regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism. During hypoxia for 4 h, the liver glycogen, glucose and pyruvic acid contents significantly decreased, whereas plasma glucose content and liver lactic acid content increased significantly. The accumulation of liver triglycerides and non-esterified fatty acids was enhanced during hypoxia for 8 h. The activity of key enzymes revealed the different metabolic responses to hypoxia exposure for 4 h, including the enhancement of glycolysis, and inhibition of gluconeogenesis. Furthermore, hypoxia exposure for 8 h increased lipid mobilization, and inhibited the ß-oxidation. In addition, an integrated regulatory network of 9 major pathways involved in the response to hypoxia exposure was constructed, including HIF signaling pathway, VEGF signaling pathway, AMPK signaling pathway, insulin signaling pathway and PPAR signaling pathway; glycolysis/gluconeogenesis, pyruvate metabolism, fatty acid degradation and fatty acid biosynthesis. Additionally, reoxygenation inhibited glycolysis, and promoted gluconeogenesis and lipid oxidation, but energy deficits persisted. In short, although the mobilization and activation of fatty acid in liver were enhanced in the early stage of hypoxia, glycolysis was the main energy source under acute hypoxia. The extent and duration of hypoxia determine the degree of change in energy metabolism.

13.
Yi Chuan ; 41(12): 1110-1118, 2019 Dec 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31857282

RESUMO

Myogenesis is a complex physiological process that is mainly involved in the proliferation of myogenic stem cells to form myoblasts, which then differentiated and fused to form multinucleated myotubes. Many proteins have been found to be involved in myoblast fusion, but none of them are muscle-specific fusion proteins. In recent years, two muscle-specific transmembrane proteins, i.e. Myomaker and Myomerger, have been discovered and identified, which can coordinate and promote the fusion of myoblasts and thus participate in the process of myogenesis. In this review, we summarize the research progress of Myomaker and Myomerger in myogenesis, including their expression patterns and functional domains, as well as their participation in myoblast fusion mechanisms, aiming to provide relevant ideas for in-depth study of the myogenesis process and treatment of diseases related to myoblast fusion.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Membrana , Músculo Esquelético , Mioblastos , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Fusão Celular , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Desenvolvimento Muscular , Proteínas Musculares , Músculo Esquelético/citologia , Mioblastos/citologia
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31867754

RESUMO

Three unprecedented helical nanographenes (1, 2, and 3) containing an azulene unit are synthesized. The resultant helical structures are unambiguously confirmed by X-ray crystallographic analysis. The embedded azulene unit in 2 possesses a record-high twisting degree (16.1°) as a result of the contiguous steric repulsion at the helical inner rim. Structural analysis in combination with theoretical calculations reveals that these helical nanographenes manifest a global aromatic structure, while the inner azulene unit exhibits weak antiaromatic character. Furthermore, UV/Vis-spectral measurements reveal that superhelicenes 2 and 3 possess narrow energy gaps (2: 1.88 eV; 3: 2.03 eV), as corroborated by cyclic voltammetry and supported by density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The stable oxidized and reduced states of 2 and 3 are characterized by in-situ EPR/Vis-NIR spectroelectrochemistry. Our study provides a novel synthetic strategy for helical nanographenes containing azulene units as well as their associated structures and physical properties.

15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(1)2019 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31861623

RESUMO

Dehydrins play an important role in improving plant resistance to abiotic stresses. In this study, we isolated a dehydrin gene from pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) leaves, designated as CaDHN4. Sub-cellular localization of CaDHN4 was to be found in the nucleus and membrane. To authenticate the function of CaDHN4 in cold- and salt-stress responses and abscisic acid (ABA) sensitivity, we reduced the CaDHN4 expression using virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS), and overexpressed the CaDHN4 in Arabidopsis. We found that silencing of CaDHN4 reduced the growth of pepper seedlings and CaDHN4-silenced plants exhibited more serious wilting, higher electrolyte leakage, and more accumulation of ROS in the leaves compared to pTRV2:00 plants after cold stress, and lower chlorophyll contents and higher electrolyte leakage compared to pTRV2:00 plants under salt stress. However, CaDHN4-overexpressing Arabidopsis plants had higher seed germination rates and post-germination primary root growth, compared to WT plants under salt stress. In response to cold and salt stresses, the CaDHN4-overexpressed Arabidopsis exhibited lower MDA content, and lower relative electrolyte leakage compared to the WT plants. Under ABA treatments, the fresh weight and germination rates of transgenic plants were higher than WT plants. The transgenic Arabidopsis expressing a CaDHN4 promoter displayed a more intense GUS staining than the normal growth conditions under treatment with hormones including ABA, methyl jasmonate (MeJA), and salicylic acid (SA). Our results suggest that CaDHN4 can protect against cold and salt stresses and decrease ABA sensitivity in Arabidopsis.

16.
Mol Cancer ; 18(1): 188, 2019 12 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31870368

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: N6-Methyladenosine (m6A) modification has been implicated in many biological processes. It is important for the regulation of messenger RNA (mRNA) stability, splicing, and translation. However, its role in cancer has not been studied in detail. Here we investigated the biological role and underlying mechanism of m6A modification in hepatoblastoma (HB). METHODS: We used Reverse transcription quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR) and Western blotting to determine the expression of m6A related factors. And we clarified the effects of these factors on HB cells using cell proliferation assay, colony formation, apoptotic assay. Then we investigated of methyltransferase-like 13 (METTL3) and its correlation with clinicopathological features and used xenograft experiment to check METTL3 effect in vivo. m6A-Seq was used to profiled m6A transcriptome-wide in hepatoblastoma tumor tissue and normal tissue. Finally, methylated RNA immunoprecipitation (MeRIP) assay, RNA remaining assay to perform the regulator mechanism of MEETL3 on the target CTNNB1 in HB. RESULTS: In this research, we discovered that m6A modifications are increased in hepatoblastoma, and METTL3 is the main factor involved with aberrant m6A modification. We also profiled m6A across the whole transcriptome in hepatoblastoma tumor tissues and normal tissues. Our findings suggest that m6A is highly expressed in hepatoblastoma tumors. Also, m6A is enriched not only around the stop codon, but also around the coding sequence (CDS) region. Gene ontology analysis indicates that m6A mRNA methylation contributes significantly to regulate the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. Reduced m6A methylation can lead to a decrease in expression and stability of the CTNNB1. CONCLUSION: Overall our findings suggest enhanced m6A mRNA methylation as an oncogenic mechanism in hepatoblastoma, METTL3 is significantly up-regulated in HB and promotes HB development. And identify CTNNB1 as a regulator of METTL3 guided m6A modification in HB.

17.
Science ; 366(6469): 1107-1110, 2019 11 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31780554

RESUMO

Robustly coherent spin centers that can be integrated into devices are a key ingredient of quantum technologies. Vacancies in semiconductors are excellent candidates, and theory predicts that defects in conjugated carbon materials should also display long coherence times. However, the quantum performance of carbon nanostructures has remained stunted by an inability to alter the sp2-carbon lattice with atomic precision. Here, we demonstrate that topological tailoring leads to superior quantum performance in molecular graphene nanostructures. We unravel the decoherence mechanisms, quantify nuclear and environmental effects, and observe spin-coherence times that outclass most nanomaterials. These results validate long-standing assumptions on the coherent behavior of topological defects in graphene and open up the possibility of introducing controlled quantum-coherent centers in the upcoming generation of carbon-based optoelectronic, electronic, and bioactive systems.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770642

RESUMO

High temperatures and low oxygen in aquatic environments, such as intensive aquaculture or in natural watersheds, inevitably cause stress in fish. Fish are exposed to high temperatures during the summer, which exacerbates hypoxia. Hypoxia (1.2 ± 0.2 mg/L) under 20 °C (20 HG) and 26 °C (26 HG) was simulated to induce stress in largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides). Related enzymes and genes involved in antioxidant, immune, and apoptotic responses were selected to explore the interactive effects of temperature and hypoxia on largemouth bass. The results showed that malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in plasma, gill, and liver increased in the 26 HG (p < 0.05). Liver superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity increased in the 26 HG. Peak SOD (SOD1, SOD2, SOD3a, and SOD3b), CAT, and GSH-Px mRNA levels in the gill and liver were observed at 12-24 h of stress. The levels of gill and liver total antioxidant capacity, catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities and other enzyme activities and genes in the 26 HG were higher than those in the 20 HG (p < 0.05). The gill and liver acid phosphatase and alkaline phosphatase activities increased with time in the 26 HG (p < 0.05), while gill and liver lysozyme activities in the 26 HG were lower than those in the 20 HG (p < 0.05). Tumor necrosis factor-α mRNA level was upregulated in the gill and downregulated in the liver at 24 h in the 26 HG. Interleukin (IL)-1ß and IL-8 mRNA levels were upregulated in the gill and liver in the 26 HG at 24 h, whereas IL-15 mRNA level was downregulated in the 26 HG at 12 h. Transforming growth factor-ß1 mRNA level was upregulated in the gill in the 20 HG at 24 h, but downregulated in gill and liver in the 26 HG at 24 h. Similarly, IL-10, Hepcidin-1, and Hepcidin-2 showed lower expression levels in the 26 HG. Gill and liver caspase-3 activities were higher in the 26 HG (p < 0.05), and gill caspase-3 activity was higher than that in the liver. The mRNA levels of proapoptotic genes (caspase-3, caspase-8, and caspase-9) were higher in the 26 HG. The present study demonstrates the interactive effects of temperature and hypoxia on stress in largemouth bass gill and liver. These results will be helpful to understand the mechanisms of stress induced by temperature and hypoxia in fish and provide a theoretical basis for aquaculture management.

19.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(23)2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31757026

RESUMO

To suppress the random drift error of a gyroscope signal, this paper proposes a novel denoising method, which is based on processing the intrinsic mode functions (IMFs) obtained by empirical mode decomposition (EMD). Considering that a gyroscope signal contains colored noise in addition to Gaussian white noise, fractal Gaussian noise (FGN) was introduced to quantify the noise in the gyroscope data. The proposed denoising method combines the FGN energy model and the modified method of Hausdorff distance (HD) to adaptively divide the IMFs into three categories (pure noise, pure information, and mixed components of noise and information). Then, the information IMFs and the mixed components after thresholding were selected to give the optimal signal reconstruction. Static and dynamic signal tests of the fiber optic gyroscope (FOG) were carried out to illustrate the performance of the proposed method, and compared with other traditional EMD denoising methods, such as the Euclidean norm measure method (EMD-l2-norm) and the sliding average filtering method (EMD-SA). The results of the analysis of both the static and dynamic signal tests indicate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

20.
Theranostics ; 9(24): 7184-7199, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695761

RESUMO

Rationale: Mutations of SLC26A4 that abrogate pendrin, expressed in endolymphatic sac, cochlea and vestibule, are known to cause autosomal recessive sensorineural hearing loss with enlargement of the membranous labyrinth. This is the first study to demonstrate the feasibility of gene therapy for pendrin-related hearing loss. Methods: We used a recombinant viral vector to transfect Slc26a4 cDNA into embryonic day 12.5 otocysts of pendrin-deficient knock-out (Slc26a4∆/∆ ) and pendrin-deficient knock-in (Slc26a4tm1Dontuh/tm1Dontuh ) mice. Results: Local gene-delivery resulted in spatially and temporally limited pendrin expression, prevented enlargement, failed to restore vestibular function, but succeeded in the restoration of hearing. Restored hearing phenotypes included normal hearing as well as sudden, fluctuating, and progressive hearing loss. Conclusion: Our study illustrates the feasibility of gene therapy for pendrin-related hearing loss, suggests differences in the requirement of pendrin between the cochlea and the vestibular labyrinth, and documents that insufficient pendrin expression during late embryonal and early postnatal development of the inner ear can cause sudden, fluctuating and progressive hearing loss without obligatory enlargement of the membranous labyrinth.

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