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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33374936

RESUMO

Attention on, and interest in, life satisfaction has increased worldwide. However, research on life satisfaction focused toward the urban dwellers' residential community is mainly from western countries, and the limited research from China is solely focused on the geriatric population via a narrowly constrained research perspective. This study, therefore, aimed to investigate urbanites' life satisfaction toward their community, combining the psychological (behavioral community engagement, mental state of flow, and cognitive community identity), physical (PREQIs-perceived residential environment quality indicators: e.g., green area), and social perspectives (social capital). The proposed conceptual model was tested on a regionally representative sample of 508 urban community residents in the city of Chengdu, Sichuan province, China. Data were analyzed via a structure equation modelling approach in AMOS software. Findings suggested that all of the psychological, physical and social factors contributed to a prediction of life satisfaction. Specifically, social capital mediated the path from community engagement and flow to life satisfaction, and community identity mediated the path from flow experience and green area to life satisfaction. Additionally, social capital contributed to predict life satisfaction through its influence on community identity. Findings provide suggestions for urban designers and policymakers to focus on creating an urban community equipped with green area, which helps to promote physical activities that are flow-productive, to enhance residents' identification to their residential community and, therefore, increase life satisfaction.


Assuntos
Satisfação Pessoal , Características de Residência , Capital Social , Adulto , China , Cidades , Planejamento de Cidades , Planejamento Ambiental , Feminino , Humanos , Análise de Classes Latentes , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , População Urbana , Adulto Jovem
3.
Front Psychol ; 11: 1975, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33013507

RESUMO

Authentic leadership has appeared as a significant field of research. Building on social exchange theory that explicates how individuals mutually mechanize reciprocation and eventually establish a trust-based relationship, we postulated a positive relationship between authentic leadership and followers' organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs). Based on a two-wave time lagged design, the data were obtained from 270 employees working in a private banking sector of Pakistan. We found that authentic leadership is positively associated with subordinate's OCBs, as well as leads to a higher-level of both affective- and cognitive-based followers' trust. The results also indicated that both affective- and cognitive-based trust positively mediated the relationship between authentic leadership and OCBs. The implications for theory and practice are discussed.

4.
Front Psychol ; 11: 2117, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32982866

RESUMO

Acculturation begins when people find themselves in a cultural setting other than theirs, and to demonstrate acceptable behaviors, one of two strategies is adopted: adapting to the new environment or retain one's own culture. On the basis of these two, four strategies have been proposed. The current article examined the moderation effect of two of these acculturation strategies, integration and separation, on the relationship between newcomer adjustment, and work-related anxiety and turnover intentions. The study was in two folds, the first explored the moderation effect among new employees in general, notwithstanding their immediate past working experience; and the second part separated the sample based on two criteria: those prior to their current role were working in another firm (work-to-work employees) and those who just come directly from school (school-to-work employees). The sample was made up of 250 employees who had spent not less than 6 months and not more than 12 months in their current role, drawn from the private banking and insurance firms in Ghana. The PROCESS analysis of the data revealed that integration moderated the relationship between newcomer adjustment and work-related anxiety and turnover intentions among all samples. Separation moderated the relationships in all cases, but for the relationship between newcomer adjustment and turnover intentions in study 1 and among school-to-work employees. The evidence from this article points to the fact that the acculturation strategy that newcomers adopt has an effect on the relationship between their level of adjustment and some organizational outcomes; however, a slight difference exists if their immediate past engagement is considered.

5.
Front Psychol ; 11: 1499, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32760318

RESUMO

Given the food challenges that society is facing, we draw upon recent developments in the study of how food reputation affects food preferences and food choices, providing here a starting standard point for measuring every aspect of food reputation in different cultural contexts across the world. Specifically, while previous attempts focused either on specific aspects of food or on measures of food features validated in one language only, the present research validates the Food Reputation Map (FRM) in Italian, English and Chinese over 2,250 participants worldwide. Here we successfully measure food reputation across 23 specific indicators, further grouped into six synthetic indicators of food reputation. Critically, results show that: (a) the specific measurement tool of food reputation can vary across cultural contexts, and that (b) people's reputation of food products or categories changes significantly across different cultural contexts. Therefore, in order to understand people's food preferences and consumption, it is important to take into account the repertoire of cultural differences that underlies the contexts of analysis: the three context-specific versions of the FRM presented here effectively deal with this issue and provide reliable context-specific insights on stakeholders' interests, perspectives, attitudes and behaviors related to food perceptions, assessment, and consumption, which can be effectively leveraged to foster food sustainability.

6.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr ; 29(2): 227-233, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32674228

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Nutritional screening has been recommended for hospitalized patients. The goal of this study was to compare the screening value of Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS-2002), Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), and Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST) in inpatients with laryngeal cancer, and to identify which is the most accurate. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: An observational cross-sectional study of 197 laryngeal cancer patients admitted for surgery was conducted using continuous sampling. NRS-2002, MUST, and MST were used to screen the nutritional risk of patients after admission and before discharge. Diagnostic information and the length-of-hospital stay (LOS) data were extracted from the hospital HIS system. RESULTS: The detection rates of NRS-2002, MUST, and MST in admission or discharge patients were 14.7%/27.9%, 22.3%/26.9%, and 4.6%/11.2%, respectively. Using NRS-2002 as the reference, high sensitivity (82.8%) and a Kappa coefficient (k=0.584) were achieved using MUST in admission patients, while MST presented the lowest sensitivity (17.3%) and Kappa coefficient (k=0.208). MST maintained low sensitivity (25.5%) and Kappa coefficient (k=0.243) in discharge patients. NRS-2002 ≥3 was an independent risk factor for longer LOS in patients with laryngeal cancer (odds ratio (OR)=5.59, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.86-16.81, p=0.002). The MUST and MST scores did not predict long LOS. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with NRS-2002, MUST is superior to MST in sensitivity, specificity, and Kappa coefficient. NRS-2002 better identified patients at risk for longer LOS, but a consistent conclusion was not reached with MUST and MST. Further validation in larger samples is needed.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32517165

RESUMO

Engaging in prosocial behavior is considered an effective way to increase happiness in a sustainable manner. However, there is insufficient knowledge about the conditions under which such a happiness effect occurs. From a person-activity congruence perspective, we proposed that an individual's eudaimonic orientation moderates the effect of prosocial behavior on happiness, whereas hedonic orientation does not. For this purpose, 128 participants were assigned to play a game in which half of them were explained the benevolence impact of playing the game (the benevolence condition), and the other half played the same game without this knowledge (the control condition). Participants' eudaimonic and hedonic orientations were assessed before the game, and their post-task happiness were measured after the game. The results showed that participants in the benevolence condition reported higher post-task positive affect than those in the control condition. Furthermore, this happiness effect was moderated by participants' eudaimonic orientation-participants with high eudaimonic orientation reaped greater benefits from benevolence, and their hedonic orientation did not moderate the relationship between benevolence and happiness. The importance of the effect of person-activity congruence on happiness is discussed, along with the implications of these findings for sustainably pursuing happiness.


Assuntos
Felicidade , Orientação , Prazer/fisiologia , Comportamento Social , Comportamento , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Personalidade , Filosofia , Teoria Psicológica , Virtudes
8.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 8(8): e1279, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32463164

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Placental mosaicism is one of the major reasons for noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) discrepancy. Herein, we discovered a rare case of placenta with complex karyotypes that caused false-positive and false-negative results in noninvasive prenatal testing. METHODS: Next-generation sequencing (NGS) and Quantitative fluorescent polymerase chain reaction (QF-PCR) were performed on the cord blood sample, fetal tissues, and eight placental biopsies. Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization (FISH) and karyotyping were also carried to confirm the fetal genome status. RESULTS: The results suggested that the fetal chromosome was 47,XXX and the placenta had three karyotypes of 48,XXX,+21, 47,XX,+21, and 47,XXX. QF-PCR indicated that the extra chromosome 21 and chromosome X were all from the father. It is speculated that the zygote may have 48,XXX,+21 karyotype and trisomy rescue could be the main mechanism for the development of the homogeneous fetus and complex mosaic placenta. CONCLUSION: Overall, the complicated nature of our case underlines the importance of discussing with parents the possibility of both atypical and discordant results during preconfirmatory amniocentesis counseling and consent.

9.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0229510, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32119702

RESUMO

Punishment aims to deter individuals' selfish behaviors, but it can occasionally backfire. Some scholars have proposed promoting prosocial behaviors using punishment that communicates positive social norms because it provides additional motivation. However, it is unclear which factors affect the norm expressive function of punishment. This study proposes that third-party punishment communicates more positive normative information, and thus, promotes more prosocial behavior in observers than does second-party punishment. Using dictator games, we investigated the effects of second-party punishment compared to third-party punishment of another's unfair sharing on observers' norm perceptions and subsequent sharing decision-making. Two experiments consistently found that third-party punishment was more effective than second-party punishment at inducing observers' beliefs that unfair distribution was unusual (descriptive norm) and unacceptable (injunctive norm). The altered descriptive but not injunctive norm perception further guided individuals' own sharing behaviors. Taken together, these results suggest that third-party punishment might be better than second-party punishment at decreasing selfish behaviors by shaping individuals' norm perceptions, especially descriptive norm perception, regarding the relevant behaviors.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisões/ética , Punição/psicologia , Altruísmo , China , Feminino , Jogos Experimentais , Humanos , Masculino , Motivação/ética , Normas Sociais , Adulto Jovem
10.
J Psychol ; 154(2): 129-143, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644371

RESUMO

In this research, we hypothesized that employees' belief in a just world (BJW) would be positively related to their voice behavior, i.e., the expression of ideas or opinions with the intention of engendering organizational improvement or change, and that this relation would be mediated by perceived voice efficacy and perceived voice risk. To test these hypotheses, we collected self-reported data from employees in two different countries: China (N = 313) and Germany (N = 190). The results revealed a positive association between BJW and employee voice behavior in both samples. The two-mediator model was confirmed in the Chinese sample, while only perceived voice efficacy played a mediating role in the German sample. Possible reasons for these differences may be related to differences in cultural dimensions and education levels between the samples. The findings emphasize the importance of bolstering employees' belief in justice and the organizational climate, which influence perceived voice efficacy and risk, as means to increase organizational voice behavior.


Assuntos
Atitude , Cultura Organizacional , Justiça Social/psicologia , Comportamento Verbal , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , China , Comparação Transcultural , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Organizações , Medição de Risco , Adulto Jovem
11.
Water Res ; 167: 115107, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31563708

RESUMO

Although Fe-based biochar adsorbents are attractive for removing arsenic from water due to their advantages of costing little and being producible at a large scale, the practical applications of these granular adsorbents are mainly limited by low Fe utilization and slow adsorption kinetics. In this study, iron oxide nanoneedle array-decorated biochar fibers (Fe-NN/BFs) adsorbents have been prepared through a simple hydrothermal reaction. The vertical growth of iron oxide nanoneedle arrays on the surface of biochar fibers maximizes Fe utilization and shortens As diffusion distance, thereby increasing As removal kinetics and capacity. Batch experiments show that the adsorption capacities of Fe-NN/BFs for As(V) and As(III) reach to 93.94 and 70.22 mg/g-Fe at pH 7.0, respectively. As(V) levels (275 µg/L) in groundwater are rapidly reduced (less than 5 min) to below 10 µg/L using Fe-NN/BFs (1 g/L) at pH 6.7. Similar As(III) levels can be reduced to below 10 µg/L within 30 min by Fe-NN/BFs (1.5 g/L). In fixed-bed experiments, the treatment volumes of As(V) and As(III) spiked groundwater reach to 2900 BV (26.2 L) and 2500 BV (22.6 L), respectively, using two columns packed with Fe-NN/BFs in tandem (C0 = 275 µg/L, 2 g of adsorbents in each column). When the As concentration in the influent is reduced to 50 µg/L (As(V): 25 µg/L + As(III): 25 µg/L), the treatment volume using one column reaches up to 11000 BV. The Fe-NN/BFs packed column can be easily regenerated and reused many times. After four regenerations, the treatment volume of As(V) and As(III) were reduced by 10.4% and 22.8%, respectively.


Assuntos
Arsênico , Água Subterrânea , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Adsorção , Carvão Vegetal , Compostos Férricos , Cinética
12.
Bioresour Technol ; 290: 121793, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323508

RESUMO

In this study, lignin extracted from rice husk was used to synthesis double network hydrogel adsorbent, named RH-CTS/PAM gel. RH-CTS/PAM gel exhibited macroporous structure and high buried water content, which gave rise to the exceptional adsorption performance. As results, in individual systems, the equilibrium time of Pb(II), Cu(II) and Cd(II) with initial concentration of 200 mg/L could be reached within 10 min, with the theoretical maximum adsorption capacity of 374.32, 196.68 and 268.98 mg/g, respectively. The adsorption rate and capacity of Pb(II), Cu(II) and Cd(II) in multicomponent systems were lower than that of individual systems. However, in a few cases of ternary system, higher adsorption rate and capacity was observed compare to binary systems. Adsorption mechanism indicated that both oxygen-containing and nitrogen-containing functional groups played a dominant role during the adsorption process, and mainly through chemical interaction along with a small amount of physical interaction.


Assuntos
Oryza , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Cádmio , Hidrogéis , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Chumbo
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31100872

RESUMO

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) at the individual level has emerged as an important field of research. However, a more comprehensive understanding of how CSR affects employee work engagement and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) is still lacking. Based on social exchange theory, we examine the effects of employees' perceptions of CSR on OCB and work engagement as well as the mediating mechanism of distributive and procedural justice, based on data collected from 350 employees working in the banking sector of Pakistan. Our study suggests that employees' perceptions of CSR positively predict OCB and work engagement, and that work engagement is positively related to OCB. Both distributive and procedural justice positively mediate the effects of employees' perceptions of CSR on OCB and work engagement.


Assuntos
Cultura Organizacional , Comportamento Social , Justiça Social , Responsabilidade Social , Engajamento no Trabalho , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paquistão , Percepção , Adulto Jovem
14.
J Hazard Mater ; 373: 97-105, 2019 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30904817

RESUMO

Although Fe-chitosan adsorbents are attractive for removing arsenite from water, the practical applications of these granular adsorbents are mainly limited by slow adsorption kinetics. In this study, radially porous Fe-chitosan beads (P/Fe-CB) were prepared using freeze-casting technique. The P/Fe-CB particles possess radially aligned micron-sized tunnels from the surface to the inside as well as excellent acid resistance. Kinetic studies show that the adsorption equilibrium time of P/Fe-CB to 0.975 mg/L As(III) (within 240 min) is considerably shorter than that of compact Fe-chitosan beads (over 600 min). The maximal adsorption capacity of P/Fe-CB for As(III) is 52.7 mg/g. It can work effectively in a wide pH range from 3 to 9, and the coexisting sulfate, carbonate, silicate and humic acid have no significant effect on As(III) removal. The addition of H2O2 can further accelerate and promote the As(III) removal except at high pH (11) and phosphate concentration (50 mg/L). The fixed-bed experiments demonstrate that the P/Fe-CB column can effectively treat about 3000 bed volume (BV) of simulated As(III)-containing groundwater to meet the drinking water standard (<10 µg As/L). This study would extend the potential applicability of porous Fe based chitosan adsorbent and millimeter-sized adsorbent combined with H2O2 to a great extent.

15.
Chemosphere ; 222: 258-266, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30708160

RESUMO

Bulk adsorbents for fast and deep removal of arsenic in water is highly demanded for practical treatment process, especially fixed-bed column process. In this study, a superior bulk adsorbent of porous Fe2O3 nanocubes-impregnated porous graphene aerogel (PGA/PFe2O3) is prepared using a simple template engineering. The maximum capacity for As(III) and As(V) reaches as high as 172.27 and 217.34 mg g-1 of Fe2O3, respectively. The adsorption equilibrium times of As(III) and As(V) on PGA/PFe2O3 are only 30 and 5 min, respectively (m/V = 0.5 g L-1, C0 = 5 mg L-1). Significantly, the high concentrations of As(III) and As(V) can be reduced below 10 µg L-1 within only 60 and 5 min, respectively. The aerogel is conducive to fast diffusion of arsenic and porous Fe2O3 nanocubes provide abundant adsorption sites. Moreover, the adsorbent exhibits an outstanding reusability. The adsorbent also shows a strong anti-interference to aquatic environment. A real realgar tailing wastewater (C0 = 3.076 mg L-1 for As(III) and 3.225 mg L-1 for As(V)) can be deep treated (below 10 µg L-1) within 4 h (m/V = 0.6 g L-1). The bulk adsorbent of PGA/PFe2O3 presents a high column treatment capacity of arsenic-containing groundwater (4750 BV for As(III), 5730 BV for As(V)), producing only 12 BV eluent. This work develops a superior bulk adsorbent for large-scale treatment of arsenic-containing wastewater.


Assuntos
Arsênico/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Férricos/química , Grafite/química , Águas Residuárias/química , Purificação da Água/métodos , Adsorção , Difusão , Porosidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação
16.
Front Hum Neurosci ; 13: 415, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32038194

RESUMO

The fight and flight theory and the tend-and-befriend theory suggest two opposite behavioral stress responses, and heterogeneous research results revealed the importance of taking sex into account. The experiment was designed to investigate the effect of stress-related cortisol reactivity on subsequent prosocial decision-making behaviors, and the moderating role of sex and empathic concern (EC) in the process. Sixty-one healthy students (34 women, 27 men) underwent the Trier Social Stress Test for Groups (TSST-G) or the control condition. Subsequently, participants completed three economic tasks-the dictator game, the ultimatum game, and the third-party compensation game. Statistical analyses revealed a significant main effect of cortisol reactivity on individuals' third-party compensation behaviorssex. A sex-specific effect of stress-related cortisol change on prosocial behaviors was found, with men behaving more generously in the dictator game as stress-related cortisol reactivity increased. Furthermore, the level of EC was found to moderate the association between stress-related cortisol change and prosocial behaviors, that individuals with a low level of EC reported more generosity and third-party compensation behaviors. Overall, the present study contributes to a better understanding of the behavioral stress responses, that individuals whose hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis are highly activated in response to stress would exhibit tend-and-befriend responses, but only among men and those with a low level of EC.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31905864

RESUMO

Authentic leadership has emerged as a positive relational-leadership approach that has gained the attention of academicians and practitioners by stimulating a healthy work environment. This study examined the direct influence of authentic leadership on employees' communal relationships. In addition, the study examined the mediating role of affective- and cognitive-based trust on these relationships. We adopted a cross-sectional study design and collected data from 200 employees working in the private banking sector in Pakistan. The findings indicated that authentic leadership was positively correlated with communal employee relationships. In addition, both affective- and cognitive-based trust were found to have a positive mediating effect on the relationship between authentic leadership and communal employee relationships. The practical implications, limitations and suggestions for future research are discussed.


Assuntos
Conta Bancária , Liderança , Confiança , Local de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paquistão , Adulto Jovem
18.
Water Res ; 150: 182-190, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30513412

RESUMO

Although oxidation of As(III) to As(V) is deemed necessary to promote arsenic removal, the oxidation process usually involves toxic byproducts, well-defined conditions, energy input or sludge generation. Moreover, extra operations are required to remove the resulting As(V). A heterogeneous catalytic process of CuFe2O4 with peroxymonosulfate (PMS) is established for As(III) oxidation and adsorption. The PMS can be activated by CuFe2O4 to generate radical species for As(III) oxidation. The CuFe2O4/PMS has a stronger affinity for arsenic than CuFe2O4 alone. Oxidation and adsorption promote each other. As a result, the heterogeneous catalytic process is more efficient for As(III) removal than a preoxidation of As(III) followed by adsorption. The adsorption capacity for As on CuFe2O4/PMS reached up to 63.9 mg/g, which is much higher than that of As(III) (36.9 mg/g) or As(V) (45.4 mg/g) on CuFe2O4 alone. The process can work effectively over a wide range of pH values (3-9) and temperatures (10-40 °C). Coexisting ions such as sulfate, carbonate, silicate and humic acid have an insignificant effect on As(III) removal. The As(III) (1415 µg/L) can be completely oxidized to As(V) and rapidly removed to below 10 µg/L (less than 15 min) using CuFe2O4(0.2 g/L)/PMS(100 µM). Moreover, the As(III) (50 µg/L) can be completely oxidized and removed within 1 min. The proposed process is easily applicable for the remediation of As(III)-contaminated water under ambient conditions.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Adsorção , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Oxirredução , Peróxidos , Água
19.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 533: 95-105, 2019 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30149224

RESUMO

Exploring and designing an efficient and robust photocatalyst toward the degradation of organic pollutants under nature sunlight irradiation is a challenging research topic. The ability to maintain the photocatalytic activity in the entire daytime will be the ultimate goal for further widespread application of solar energy-driven semiconductor photocatalysis. Here, an all-day-active Z-scheme photocatalytic system is reported by employing Ag@AgI nanoparticles decorated Ag3PO4 cubes (C-Ag3PO4@Ag@AgI). By coupling the pronounced carrier separation as well as increased stability, the C-Ag3PO4@Ag@AgI is capable of performing efficient Rhodamine B (RhB) and bisphenol A (BPA) degradation under sunlight irradiation, and still persist noticeable activity when the light is very weak. The RhB (20 mg/L, 50 mL) can be completely degraded by C-Ag3PO4@Ag@AgI (30 mg) within 1 h with the average luminous power of 117.5 mW (3.14 cm2). Dramatically, the as-prepared samples can still maintain photocatalytic activity even in a cloudy day (0.2-6.7 mW). This work has offered a valuable concept of continuous pollutant removal under nature sunlight irradiation in the entire daytime, which may serve as a model system for the wide environment applications, such as the removal of low-level pollutants under weak light irradiation.

20.
Psychol Res Behav Manag ; 11: 545-555, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30519129

RESUMO

Background: Leaders play vital role in organization to accomplish organizational goals and establish healthy working environment. This study addresses the effect of authentic leadership on employees' communal relationship and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). In addition, this research also examines how procedural justice augments the effect of authentic leadership on both aforementioned employees' behavioral outcomes. Materials and methods: Using a cross-sectional design, data were collected from 425 employees working in banking sector of Pakistan. It was hypothesized that authentic leadership would positively predict employees' communal relationship and OCB. Furthermore, we also assumed that procedural justice will strengthen the relationship between authentic leadership, both behavioral outcomes, that is, employees' communal relationship and OCB. Results: Analyses reveal that authentic leadership positively predicts employees' communal relationship and OCB. In addition, procedural justice was found to positively moderate the effect of authentic leadership on employees' communal relationship and OCB. Conclusion: To our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate the relationships among authentic leadership, procedural justice, communal relationship, and OCBs in the South Asian context. This is the first study to report the moderating role of procedural justice in the relationship between authentic leadership and communal relationship and OCB. The practical implications of study findings and direction for future research are discussed.

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