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1.
Food Chem ; 317: 126454, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32113140

RESUMO

The reaction efficiency of o-benzoquinones with amines (L-lysine, Nα-acetyl-L-lysine, glycine, L-methionine and L-arginine), thiols (L-cysteine and Nα-acetyl-L-cysteine) and protein (bovine serum albumin) were determined at pH 5.0, 7.0 and 8.0 and scan rate of 10, 50 and 100 mV/s by cyclic voltammetry. Nucleophiles containing multiple nucleophilic groups and nucleophilic group possessing low pKa value would enhance the reactivity of nucleophiles towards o-benzoquinones. The reactivity of different o-benzoquinones with L-lysine/L-cysteine followed the order: protocatechuic acid quinone ≈ catechol quinone > 4-methylbenzoquinone ≈ caffeic acid quinone > rosmarinic acid quinone > chlorogenic acid quinone. The reactivity of quinones would be decreased by the steric hindrance of substituents on quinone ring, and it would also be weakened by enhancing electron cloud density of quinone ring. Adducts generated by the interaction of 4-methylbenzoquinone with amines and thiols were tentatively identified as amine-quinone adduct and thiol-phenol adduct respectively by UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS and cyclic voltammetry.

2.
Expert Opin Drug Metab Toxicol ; 16(1): 1-9, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914334

RESUMO

Background: Warfarin acts in heart valve replacement patients to minimize thromboembolic complications. We investigated whether patients can be distinguished based on their genotypes to efficiently and safely administer warfarin therapy after heart valve replacements.Research design and methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted in patients with warfarin therapy who underwent elective heart valve replacements between January 2013 and September 2018. The patients were divided into normal, sensitive, and highly sensitive bins based on their CYP2C9 and VKORC1 genotypes. The primary endpoints were over-anticoagulation and overt bleeding.Results: 375 patients were enrolled, with 65 classified as normal, 281 as sensitive, and 29 as highly sensitive responders. Compared with normal responders, sensitive and highly sensitive responders spent more time on over-anticoagulation in the first 28 (P < 0.001) and 90 (P = 0.001) days; experienced more frequent bleeding events in the first 28 days (P = 0.029; OR, 2.18; 95% CI, 1.15-4.13); required lower warfarin doses to obtain stable INR (P < 0.001); had higher warfarin sensitivity indices (P < 0.001).Conclusion: Predicting evidence have been obtained with CYP2C9 and VKORC1 genotypes in identifying heart valve replacement patients with higher efficient sensitivity and with a higher risk of bleeding and over-anticoagulation.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Citocromo P-450 CYP2C9/genética , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Vitamina K Epóxido Redutases/genética , Varfarina/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Genótipo , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Hemorragia/genética , Humanos , Coeficiente Internacional Normatizado , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tromboembolia/prevenção & controle , Varfarina/efeitos adversos
3.
Food Chem ; 314: 126173, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31954942

RESUMO

The detection of phospholipids oxidation is important for meat control and disease prevention. In this paper, a photoelectrochemical sensor based on printable mesoscopic chip (PMC) for fast and real-time monitoring phospholipids oxidation was designed and fabricated. TiO2, ZrO2 and carbon films of PMC were screen-printed onto the FTO glass layer by layer. The PMC and the feasibility for determination of phospholipids oxidation were investigated by scanning electron microscope (SEM), UV-vis spectroscopy, cyclic voltammograms (CVs) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), etc. The short circuit current (Jsc) was used as a signal current, which would decrease if phospholipids in PMC were undergoing oxidation for the change of electrical properties. Compared with other methods, phospholipids in PMC did not require pretreatment, and the process was nondestructive and real-time. Meanwhile, this method showed high sensitivity and good selectivity. The fabricating process of PMC is simple, and the costs are low, relatively.

4.
Inorg Chem ; 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31994877

RESUMO

One-pot reaction of an asymmetrical acylhydrazone ligand H3L with Ln(ClO4)3 and CuCl2 in MeOH and MeCN solvents resulted in two novel octanuclear complexes, [Cu4Dy4L4Cl6(CH3OH)8(H2O)4]·Cl2(CH3OH)9(H2O)3 (1) and [Cu4Tb4L4Cl6(CH3OH)2(H2O)10]·Cl2(H2O)x (2). Single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies revealed that these two complexes are isostructural and can be viewed as being built from two {Cu2Ln2L2} (Ln = Dy or Tb) butterfly-shaped units. Direct current magnetic susceptibilities and field-dependent magnetization measurements demonstrated the presence of strong ferromagnetic interaction between CuII and LnIII and magnetic anisotropy. Furthermore, alternating current (ac) magnetic measurements illustrated that these two complexes showed temperature- and frequency-dependent signals in the out-of-phase ac susceptibility under zero applied field, which are typical features of the slow relaxation of the magnetization for 1 and 2. The effective energy barrier (Ueff) for 1 was 54 K, which is one of the highest Ueff values yet reported for CuII/LnIII single-molecule magnets.

5.
Food Chem ; 313: 125956, 2020 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31923864

RESUMO

Crude enzymes were extracted from beef, pork and chicken and were employed to hydrolyze 1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-phosphatidylcholine (PLPC) and oxidized PLPC, i.e. hydroperoxide of PLPC (PLPC-OOH) and hydroxide of PLPC (PLPC-OH). HPLC-ELSD and ESI-MS were used to characterize and determinate hydrolytic products. After hydrolysis at 37 °C for 180 min, 26.8 ~ 27.4%, 21.6 ~ 22.8% and 17.8 ~ 19.0% of substrates were hydrolyzed by crude enzymes from beef, pork and chicken, respectively. Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) was the major contributor to hydrolysis, which accounted for 47.8 ~ 49.6%, 45.8 ~ 48.7% and 46.6 ~ 46.8% of hydrolysis of PLPC, PLPC-OOH and PLPC-OH, respectively. Crude enzymes demonstrated almost same specificities towards PLPC, PLPC-OOH and PLPC-OH. Under actions of crude enzymes, hydroperoxyoctadecadienoic acids (HpODE) and hydroxyoctadecadienoic acids (HODE) were yielded as hydrolytic products of PLPC-OOH and PLPC-OH, respectively. These finding would be helpful to better understand the fate of hydroperoxides of phospholipids and formation of HODE during meat products manufacturing.


Assuntos
Músculos/enzimologia , Fosfatidilcolinas/metabolismo , Fosfolipases A2/metabolismo , Animais , Bovinos , Galinhas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Ácidos Graxos Insaturados/análise , Ácidos Graxos Insaturados/metabolismo , Hidrólise , Fosfatidilcolinas/química , Suínos
6.
Microbiol Res ; 233: 126411, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31981905

RESUMO

In Streptomyces pristinaespiralis, the orphan histidine kinase (HK) PdtaS-p (encoded by SSDG_02492), which belongs to proteins of two-component systems (TCSs), plays an important role in both morphological differentiation and antibiotic biosynthesis. Owing to the isolated genetic organization of pdtaS-p, it is a challenge to identify its cognate response regulator (RR) and hampers the efforts to elucidate the regulation mechanism of PdtaS-p. In this study, based on bioinformatics analysis, we identify the cognate RR PdtaR-p (encoded by SSDG_04087) of PdtaS-p by phenotype similarity of gene deletion mutants as well as in vitro phosphor-transfer assay. We show that the mutants (ΔpdtaR-p and ΔpdtaS-p) exhibit almost the same phenotypical changes, showing a bald phenotype on MS agar and reduced pristinamycin biosynthesis. Further phosphor-transfer assay indicates that the phosphoryl group of HK PdtaS-p can be specifically transferred to RR PdtaR-p. Compared with the majority of RRs that harbor DNA-binding domains, PdtaR-p contains a putative ANTAR RNA-binding domain involved in controlling gene expression at the post-transcription level. Finally, we demonstrate that their ortholog from the model strain Streptomyces coelicolor, PdtaS-c/PdtaR-c, also regulates both morphological differentiation and antibiotics biosynthesis, suggesting that PdtaS-p/PdtaR-p-mediated molecular regulation may be conserved in the genus Streptomyces. To our knowledge, this is the first report describing the functional identification of ANTAR RNA-binding regulators in Streptomyces.

7.
Arch Insect Biochem Physiol ; 103(4): e21648, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31808198

RESUMO

Hexamerin was originally identified as a storage protein but later confirmed to be involved in many physiological processes. In the present study, we cloned and characterized a novel hexamerin complementary DNA sequence from the Chinese oak silkworm, Antheraea pernyi (Ap-hexamerin), which shows high homology with reported insect methionine-rich hexamerins. The tissue distribution and time course of expression demonstrated that Ap-hexamerin was predominantly synthesized in the fat body and the expression level was significantly increased in response to the microbial challenge, suggesting the relevance of Ap-hexamerin to immune responses. In further immune functional studies, Ap-hexamerin was confirmed to take part in the upregulation of prophenoloxidase (PPO) activation in A. pernyi haemolymph triggered by pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs). Additional molecular interaction analysis revealed that Ap-hexamerin is capable of binding the PAMPs used in the phenoloxidase assay, suggesting hexamerin in A. pernyi may positively regulate haemolymph PPO activation, acting as a pattern recognition protein.

8.
Cytokine ; 126: 154882, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629100

RESUMO

Candida albicans is an opportunistic fungal pathogen that colonizes human gastro-intestinal mucosal tissues. Its effect on the immune response in intestinal epithelial cells and on the intestinal mucosal barrier are not yet fully understood. In this study, we investigated Caco-2 cells, a monolayer model of intestinal epithelial cells, with or without treatment with C. albicans SC5314 (CA) or heat-inactivated CA (CA-inact). RNA sequencing was conducted, and the mRNA and protein levels of NOD-like receptor pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) or NLRP6/ASC/caspase-1 inflammasome signaling pathway components, inflammatory cytokines (interleukin-18 [IL-18] and IL-1ß), anti-microbial peptides (AMPs; ß-defensin-2 [BD-2], BD-3, and LL-37), and tight junction proteins (occludin and zona occludens-1 [ZO-1]) were examined by real-time PCR, western blotting, and/or immunofluorescence microscopy. Lactase dehydrogenase (LDH) activity in the Caco-2 cell supernatant were measured by enzyme kinetics analysis. Our results showed that the NOD-like receptor signaling pathway participates in the CA- and CA-inact-infected Caco-2 cells, as shown by microarray analysis of total mRNA expression. The expression of NLRP3, NLRP6, ASC, BD-2, BD-3, occludin, and ZO-1 were significantly decreased in Caco-2 cells infected with CA and CA-inact compared to that in the untreated control. IL-1ß expression was decreased in the Caco-2 cells in both the CA- and CA-inact-infected groups compared to that in the control. Caspase-1 and IL-18 levels were not markedly affected by CA or CA-inact in Caco-2 cells. Our findings indicate that CA can inhibit the NLRP3 and NLRP6 pathways and dampen human intestinal mucosal barrier activity by decreasing the production of AMPs and tight junction proteins, independent of CA activity.

9.
Plant Physiol ; 182(1): 658-668, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31659126

RESUMO

Gibberellin (GA) is known to play an important role in low red/far-red (R:FR) light ratio-mediated hypocotyl and petiole elongation in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). However, the regulatory relationship between low R:FR and GAs remains unclear, especially in gymnosperms. To increase our understanding of the molecular basis of low R:FR-mediated shoot elongation in pines and to determine whether there is an association between low R:FR and GAs action, we explored the morphological and transcriptomic changes triggered by low R:FR, GAs, and paclobutrazol (PAC), a GAs biosynthesis inhibitor, in Pinus tabuliformis seedlings. Transcriptome profiles revealed that low R:FR conditions and GAs have a common set of transcriptional targets in P. tabuliformis We provide evidence that the effect of low R:FR on shoot elongation in P. tabuliformis is at least partially modulated by GAs accumulation, which can be largely attenuated by PAC. GAs are also involved in the cross talk between different phytohormones in the low R:FR response. A GA biosynthesis gene, encoding ent-kaurenoic acid oxidase (KAO), was strongly stimulated by low R:FR without being affected by GAs feedback regulation or the photoperiod. We show that GA signaling is required for low R:FR-induced shoot elongation in P tabuliformis seedlings, and that there are different regulatory targets for low R:FR-mediated GA biosynthesis between conifers and angiosperms.

10.
Food Chem ; 307: 125554, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648176

RESUMO

The reaction of Nε-(carboxymethyl) lysine (CML) with eight kinds of non-flavonoid o-benzoquinones and five kinds of flavonoid o-benzoquinones were investigated by cyclic voltammetry at pH 5.0, 7.0 and 8.0 and scan rate of 10, 50 and 100 mV/s. The reactivity of o-benzoquinones towards CML is weakened by the electron-donating substituent and strengthened by the electron-withdrawing substituent on the o-benzoquinone rings. The steric hindrance of the substituents on o-benzoquinone rings also weakens the quinone reactivity. Reaction of 4-methylbenzoquinone with CML (38.0 ±â€¯1.3%) was found to be faster than that with l-lysine (31.3 ±â€¯1.5%) and Nα-acetyl-l-lysine (14.5 ±â€¯0.1%) but slower than that with l-cysteine (≥100.0%) and Nα-acetyl-l-cysteine (≥100.0%) at pH 7.0 and scan rate of 10 mV/s. Products obtained by the reaction of CML with o-benzoquinones were found to include a CML-quinone adduct according to the cyclic voltammetry and UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS analysis.


Assuntos
Benzoquinonas/química , Lisina/análogos & derivados , Catecóis , Cisteína/química , Flavonoides , Lisina/química
11.
Ann Plast Surg ; 84(4): 351-355, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31855862

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Blepharoptosis is a common and challenging clinical problem for oculoplastic surgeons, and various surgical techniques have been used to correct ptosis. The aims of this study were to present the clinical results of a modified technique using levator aponeurosis-Müller muscle-reinforced plication for blepharoptosis correction and to demonstrate its advantages over conventional advancement or plication methods. METHODS: This study was conducted in the Plastic Surgery Department of Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital between April 2017 and September 2018. By using this modified technique, the levator-Müller complex was reinforced with a plication suture that pierced under and through the levator-Müller complex, and the posterior and lower part of the levator-Müller complex was advanced to the tarsus, which provided permanent, reliable adhesion. The primary outcome was marginal reflex distance 1 preoperatively and postoperatively. Secondary outcomes were the cosmetic outcome, complications, and operative time. RESULTS: Eighty-six patients (169 eyelids) underwent this modified surgery. Patients' average age was 26 ± 7.6 years, and the median follow-up was 14 months. The preoperative and postoperative mean marginal reflex distance 1 values were 1.72 ± 0.32 and 3.69 ± 0.28 mm, respectively. The amount of plication ranged from 4 to 15 mm. The overall surgical success rate was 88.17%. Some complications were observed including undercorrection (5.92%), asymmetry (4.73%), lagophthalmos (0.59%), and conjunctival prolapse (0.59%). CONCLUSIONS: The modified technique provided good functional and cosmetic outcomes for blepharoptosis correction by avoiding unpredicted adhesion, and it has its advantages including simplicity, easy adjustment of the eyelid height intraoperatively, minimal edema formation, and high success rate.

12.
Mikrochim Acta ; 187(1): 6, 2019 12 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797062

RESUMO

A comparative study was carried out on the electrochemical behavior of three carbonized zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs) synthesized through solvothermal pyrolysis. An electrochemical sensor for acetaminophen (ACT) was subsequently developed. The sensor was made by coating the glassy carbon electrode (GCE) with cobalt-nitrogen co-doped carbon nanotube hollow polyhedron (Co-NCNHP), which was prepared from core shell ZIF-8@ZIF-67, before electrodeposition of gold nanoparticles. Due to the high specific surface area, good electrical conductivity and stability of both Co-NCNHP and the gold nanoparticles, the resultant sensor displayed excellent electrocatalytic activity towards ACT with the catalytic rate constant Kcat of 4.9 × 105 M-1 s-1, diffusion coefficient D of 1.8 × 10-6 cm2 s-1, high sensitivity of 1.75 µA µM-1 cm-2, and best at a working voltage of 0.35 V (vs. Ag/AgCl). Benefitting from the synergistic effect of both Co-NCNHP and gold nanoparticles, the modified GCE had a linear response in the 0.1 µM-250 µM ACT and detection limit of 0.05 µM (at S/N = 3). The sensor was successfully applied to quantify ACT in tablets and spiked urine samples with recoveries ranged between 96.0% and 105.2%. Graphical abstractSchematic representation of cobalt-nitrogen co-doped carbon nanotube hollow polyhedrons (Co-NCNHP) exhibiting superior electrocatalytic activity to carbonized ZIF-8 and carbonized ZIF-67. Co-NCNHP were coupled to electrodeposition gold nanoparticles to modify glassy carbon electrode for improving acetaminophen (ACT) redox.

13.
Front Pharmacol ; 10: 1342, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31798450

RESUMO

Background: Cefoperazone/sulbactam is a broad-spectrum antibacterial agent. Drug-induced immune hemolytic anemia is a rare but serious condition, and reactive thrombocytosis is caused by processes extrinsic to the megakaryocyte. Limited data are available for cefoperazone/sulbactam-associated hemolytic anemia and reactive thrombocytosis. Case presentation: We report the case of a 60-year-old woman undergoing surgical excision of the left atrial myxoma, who presented with hemolytic anemia and thrombocytosis following cefoperazone/sulbactam administration for lung infection. The duration of cefoperazone/sulbactam therapy was 8 days. Blood analysis showed markedly decreased hemoglobin, hematocrit, and red blood cell levels, with elevated lactate dehydrogenase, indirect bilirubin, platelets, and reticulocytes. Furthermore, the direct antiglobulin test was positive for anti-C3 and a diagnosis of hemolytic anemia and reactive thrombocytosis was made. Then, cefoperazone/sulbactam was discontinued and red blood cell transfusion was performed for 3 days. After 1 week, the patient's condition improved, and she was discharged. Conclusion: This is the first suspected case report of immune hemolytic anemia and reactive thrombocytosis related to cefoperazone/sulbactam. Caution should be taken for this reaction in patients undergoing cefoperazone/sulbactam therapy.

14.
J Econ Entomol ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800055

RESUMO

The Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) complex comprises important pests and virus vectors in agricultural crops worldwide. In China, B. tabaci has spread to more than 20 provinces and caused severe losses of vegetables, fruits, and ornamental plants. However, B. tabaci has developed resistance to many insecticidal classes in Shandong Province, eastern China. In this study, we investigated the cryptic species, insecticide resistance and detoxifying enzymes of B. tabaci from six representative locations exhibiting severe damage in Shandong. At four of the six locations, B. tabaci Mediterranean (MED) comprised 100% of the samples collected. In a further two locations, species composition was predominantly (>94%) MED with B. tabaci Middle East-Asia Minor 1 (MEAM1), comprising a low proportion (<6%) of the samples collected. For all field populations, avermectin was the most effective insecticide against adult B. tabaci, pyriproxyfen had a significant effect on B. tabaci eggs and field populations were susceptible to pymetrozine. Six field populations of B. tabaci have developed low-to-moderate resistance to neonicotinoids. The detoxifying enzyme activity of carboxylesterase, glutathione S-transferase, and multifunctional oxidase were quantified. Multifunctional oxidase and glutathione S-transferase activity were positively correlated with insecticide resistance in several B. tabaci populations.

15.
Cancer Manag Res ; 11: 10175-10185, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31819650

RESUMO

Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors for central nervous system (CNS) involvement in systemic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients and to explore prognostic for DLBCL patients with CNS involvement (relapse or progression). Patients and methods: This was a retrospective cohort study in our hospital. Data were collected from all DLBCL patients diagnosed in our institutes from January 2013 to June 2018. Clinical information was collected from medical records. Results: The participants included 138 patients with DLBCL. Among them, 38 patients were diagnosed as CNS lymphoma, including 15 patients exhibited CNS involvement while DLBCL was pathologically confirmed, and 23 patients developed CNS lymphoma during or after initial chemotherapy. The median disease-free interval to CNS involvement was 13 months. Multivariate analysis identified elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level [hazard ratio (HR)=4.035; 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.147-14.195] was an independent predictor of CNS involvement. The median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) time of DLBCL patients with CNS involved were 12.5 months and 22 months, respectively. Multivariate prognostic analysis showed that eastern cooperative oncology group (ECOG) score>2(P=0.018; HR=7.333; 95% CI: 1.424-42.002), elevated serum LDH level (P=0.046; HR=6.510; 95% CI: 1.035-40.949), deep lesion (P=0.005; HR=10.957; 95% CI: 2.050-58.569), and CNS with systemic involvement (P=0.023; HR=2.730; 95% CI: 1.151-6.479) were independent poor prognostic factors for the patients. The cases with lymphocyte absolute count >0.75×109/L (HR=0.047; 95% CI: 0.003-0.732) had better prognosis. The OS of DLBCL patients with secondary CNS lymphoma was inferior to DLBCL patients without CNS involvement. There was no significant difference between the patients with CNS and extra-CNS involvement. There was no significant difference between the patients with CNS involvement and stage III-IV DLBCL cases without CNS lymphoma. Conclusion: In conclusion, elevated serum LDH was independent high-risk factor for secondary CNS lymphoma. For DLBCL patients with CNS involvement, ECOG score>2, elevated serum LDH level, deep lesion, lymphocyte absolute count ≤0.75×109/L and CNS with systemic involvement retained a significant association with outcome.

16.
J Neurol ; 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31822990

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brain tumors cause significant morbidity and mortality due to rapid progression and high recurrence risks. Reliable biomarkers to improve diagnosis thereof are desirable. OBJECTIVE: This work aimed to identify panels of biomarkers for diagnostic purposes using cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-based metabolomics. METHODS: A cohort of 163 histologically-proven patients with brain disorders was involved. Comprehensive CSF-based metabolomics was achieved by liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight spectrometric (LC-Q/TOF-MS) and multivariate statistical analyses. The diagnostic performance of the metabolic markers was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic curves. RESULTS: A total of 508 ion features were detected by the LC-Q/TOF-MS analysis, of which 27 metabolites were selected as diagnostic markers to discriminate different brain tumor types. The area under the curve (AUC) was 0.91 for lung adenocarcinoma patients with brain metastases (MBT) vs. lung adenocarcinoma patients without brain metastases (NMBT), 0.83 for primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) vs. secondary central nervous system involvement of systemic lymphoma (SCNSL), 0.77 for PCNSL vs. MBT, 0.87 for SCNSL vs. MBT, 0.86 for MBT vs. nontumorous brain diseases (NT), and 0.80 for PCNSL vs. NT. Perturbed metabolic pathways between the comparisons related mainly to amino acids and citrate metabolism. CONCLUSIONS: CSF-based metabolomics to a large extent reliably identifies significant metabolic differences between different brain tumors and shows great potential for diagnosis of brain tumors.

17.
Front Plant Sci ; 10: 1546, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31824549

RESUMO

Thiamine is an essential cofactor in several enzymatic reactions for all living organisms. Animals cannot synthesize thiamine and depend on their diet. Enhancing the content of thiamine is one of the most important goals of plant breeding to solve the thiamine deficiency associated with the low-thiamin staple crops. In this study, a Glycine max pale green leaf 1 (Gmpgl1) mutant was isolated from the EMS mutagenized population of soybean cultivar, Williams 82. Map-based cloning of the GmPGL1 locus revealed a single nucleotide deletion at the 292th nucleotide residue of the first exon of Glyma.10g251500 gene in Gmpgl1 mutant plant, encoding a thiamine thiazole synthase. Total thiamine contents decreased in both seedlings and seeds of the Gmpgl1 mutant. Exogenous application of thiazole restored the pale green leaf phenotype of the mutant. The deficiency of thiamine in Gmpgl1 mutant led to reduced activities of the pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) and pyruvate decarboxylase (PDC), and decreased contents of six amino acids as compared to that in the wild type plants. These results revealed that GmPGL1 played an essential role in thiamine thiazole biosynthesis.

18.
Clin Cardiol ; 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31867780

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Triage decisions for chest pain patients receiving usual care are based on a dynamic and comprehensive strategy performed in the physician's mind. It remains controversial whether simple, structured risk tools can surpass real, complex judgments. HYPOTHESIS: The potentially used History, Electrocardiogram, Age, Risk factors, Troponin (HEART) score would help identify low-risk patients for discharge. METHODS: Patients with acute, non-traumatic chest pain managed according to usual care were consecutively enrolled in a tertiary university hospital in China from August 24, 2015 to September 30, 2017. Major adverse cardiac events (MACE) included death, acute myocardial infarction, revascularization, and significant coronary stenosis (>50%) within 30 days. We compared the efficacy and safety of usual care and the potentially used HEART score in this population. RESULTS: Of 2185 patients analyzed, 926 (42.4%) patients were directly discharged by usual care, whereas HEART≤3 would have identified 524 (24.0%) patients as low-risk (P < .001). The MACE rate in discharged patients was 2.2% (20/926) and would have been 5.2% (27/524) in those with HEART≤3 (P = .002). For discharged patients, the MACE rates in HEART≤3 vs HEART>3 groups were not significantly different (1.5% vs 2.7%, P = .225). Negative predictive value (NPV) was higher with usual care than with the HEART score (P = .003), but sensitivity was similar. For 340 patients with serial troponins, usual care was superior to the potentially used HEART score in regard to efficacy. CONCLUSIONS: At this institution, usual care identified many more patients for discharge than the HEART score would have without apparently different outcomes in discharged patients with lower vs higher HEART scores. The HEART score would not appear to provide helpful risk stratification.

19.
Onco Targets Ther ; 12: 8737-8750, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695431

RESUMO

Introduction: Gastric cancer remains an important cancer worldwide, and conventional chemotherapeutic drugs have the defects of drug resistance and cell toxicity. α-Hederin has been found to have certain therapeutic effects on various types of human cancers. However, studies on the α-hederin that exert biological activities on the cisplatin-resistant gastric cancer cells are limited. In this study, we evaluated the effects of α-hederin in HGC27/DDP and the potential mechanisms both in vivo and in vitro. Methods: HGC27/DDP cells were cultured in DMEM/F12 medium. Cell proliferation and viability were assessed quantitatively using Cell Counting Kit-8. Cell invasion and migration were detected by Transwell invasion assay and wound healing assay. Cell apoptosis was examined by employing Hoechst 33258 Staining Kit and an Annexin V-PE apoptosis kit. Intracellular GSH levels were examined by using a GSH Assay Kit. DCFH-DA and JC-1 Kit were used to detect levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and changes in mitochondrial membrane potential (∆Ψm). The protein levels of Apaf-1, AIF, Bax, Bcl-2, Cyt C, Survivin, cleaved caspase-3, cleaved caspase-9, MMP-9 and MMP-2 were detected by Western blot analysis. The effect of α-hederin in vivo was observed by xenograft tumor models in nude mice. Results: The α-hederin treatment significantly inhibited the proliferation in a dose- and time-dependent manner of HGC27/DDP and induced obvious apoptosis compared with the control group (P<0.05). Meanwhile, the ability of cells to invade and migrate was suppressed (P<0.05). The α-hederin induced the depletion of GSH (P<0.05) and the accumulation of intracellular ROS (P<0.05), changed the mitochondrial membrane potential (P<0.05), increased the Bax, Apaf-1, AIF, Cyt C, cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-9 expression and decreased the protein level of Bcl-2, survivin, MMP-9 and MMP-2 (P<0.05). Pretreatment with NAC (12 mM) enhanced the tendency and pretreatment with BSO (8 mM) attenuated the tendency above (P<0.05). Meanwhile, α-hederin inhibited xenograft tumor growth in vivo (P<0.05). Conclusion: Our study provides strong molecular evidence to support our hypothesis that α-hederin inhibits the proliferation and induces the apoptosis of HGC27/DDP cells by increasing the levels of intracellular ROS and triggering mitochondrial pathway activation.

20.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 144(6): 1323-1333, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31764645

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mature adipocytes dedifferentiate in vivo on application of a soft-tissue expander. Dedifferentiated adipocytes can proliferate and redifferentiate. This study used tissue expanders to pretreat adipose flaps, to increase the retention rate after fat graft. METHODS: A soft-tissue expander and silicone sheet were implanted beneath the left and right inguinal fat pads of rats, respectively. After 7 days of expansion, the adipose tissue derived from the pads was transplanted beneath dorsal skin. Samples were harvested at various time points, and histologic, immunohistochemical, and gene expression analyses were conducted. Mature adipocytes were cultured in vitro under a pressure of 520 Pa. Changes in cell morphology, the cytoskeleton, and expression of mechanical signal-related proteins were investigated. RESULTS: Pressure in adipose flaps increased to 25 kPa on expansion. Mature adipocytes dedifferentiated following expansion. At 1 week after transplantation, the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (p < 0.05) was higher in the expanded group. The retention rate at 12 weeks after transplantation was higher in the expanded group (56 ± 3 percent) than in the control group (32 ± 3 percent) (p < 0.05), and the surviving/regenerating zones (p < 0.01) were wider. The lipid content of mature adipocytes gradually decreased on culture under increased pressure, and these cells regained a proliferative capacity. This was accompanied by increased expression of mechanical signal--related proteins (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Mechanical signals may induce dedifferentiation of mature adipocytes. Dedifferentiated adipocytes increase the retention rate of fat grafts by acting as seed cells.

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