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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 283: 114715, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648898

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The use of Panax ginseng C.A.Mey. in traditional Chinese medicine dates back to about 5000 years ago thanks to its several beneficial and healing properties. Panaxadiol is a triterpenoid sapogenin monomer found in the roots of Panax ginseng C.A.Mey. and has been proven to have various bio-activities such as anti-inflammatory, anti-tumour and neuroprotective effects. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study focuses on investigating the inflammation inhibitory effect and mechanism of panaxadiol by regulating zinc finger protein 91-regulated activation of non-canonical caspase-8 inflammasome and MAPKs in macrophages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vitro, the underlying mechanisms by which panaxadiol inhibits ZFP91-regulated IL-1ß expression were investigated using molecular docking, western blotting, RT-PCR, ELISA, immunofluorescence, and immunoprecipitation assays. In vivo, colitis was induced by oral administration of DSS in drinking water, and peritonitis was induced by an intraperitoneal injection of alum. Recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV serotype 9) vector was used to establish ZFP91 knockdown mouse. RESULTS: We confirmed that panaxadiol inhibited IL-1ß secretion by suppressing ZFP91 in macrophages. Further analysis revealed that panaxadiol inhibited IL-1ß secretion by suppressing ZFP91-regulated activation of non-canonical caspase-8 inflammasome. Meanwhile, panaxadiol inhibited IL-1ß secretion by suppressing ZFP91-regulated activation of MAPKs. In vivo, prominent anti-inflammatory effects of panaxadiol were demonstrated in a DSS induced acute colitis mouse model and in an alum-induced peritonitis model by suppressing ZFP91-regulated secretion of inflammatory mediators, consistent with the results of the AAV-ZFP91 knockdown in mice. CONCLUSIONS: We report for the first time that panaxadiol inhibited IL-1ß secretion by suppressing ZFP91-regulated activation of non-canonical caspase-8 inflammasome and MAPKs, providing evidence for anti-inflammation mechanism of panaxadiol treatment for inflammatory diseases.

2.
Am J Cardiovasc Dis ; 11(5): 679-687, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34849300

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The anti-thrombotic strategy for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) who have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for coronary artery disease (CAD) is a common and difficult challenge. This pilot study aimed to assess the feasibility and safety of "one-stop" left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) combined with PCI as an alternative stroke prophylaxis strategy. METHODS: From March 2017 to October 2019, AF patients with elevated bleeding risk and significant stable CAD requiring PCI were recruited to undergo LAAC as alternative stroke prophylaxis in Fuwai Hospital, Beijing, China. LAAC was performed either in the same setting with PCI (i.e. "one-stop" LAAC/PCI), or as staged procedure after PCI. Dual antiplatelet therapy was given for all patients after LAAC. Peri-procedural and intermediate-term clinical outcomes were assessed through hospital clinical records review and standardized telephone interviews. RESULTS: A total of 24 patients were recruited including 13 (54.2%) underwent stage procedure and 11 (45.8%) underwent "one-stop" procedure respectively. The mean CHA2DS2-VASc and HAS-BLED scores were 4.5±1.4 and 3 (IQR 3,4) respectively. Six patients (46.1%) in the staged procedure cohort were treated with triple anti-thrombotic following PCI, with 2 developed minor bleeding before LAAC. One patient ("one-stop" cohort) had gastrointestinal bleeding 1 day after procedure. Otherwise, there was no device related complication or peri-procedural stroke/myocardial infarction. After a mean 19±5.4 months follow-up, there was no death, myocardial infarction, stroke and systemic embolization detected. CONCLUSIONS: In this pilot study, "one-stop" LAAC with PCI was shown to be efficacious with no stroke, MI, VARC-2 major bleeding or CV death reported over a mean follow-up of 19 months, and safe with no major peri-procedural bleeding or device related complications.

3.
ACS Omega ; 6(50): 34242-34249, 2021 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34963910

RESUMO

Noise pollution is acknowledged as the main environmental problem and is as harmful to human physical and mental health as water and air pollution. However, the acoustic properties of traditional sound absorption materials in low frequency ranges still need to be improved. Herein, the low-frequency sound absorption coefficient of porous ceramics was further improved by coating a graphene oxide (GO) and styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) composite film inside the porous ceramics. The improved sound absorption coefficient of the porous composite reached 30.4% in the range of 200-800 Hz, which is attributed to the enhancement of the thermal viscous effect and the extension of the dissipation mechanism. Predictably, designing the morphology of three-dimensional interconnected porous structures on the microscale is comparatively useful for developing a porous sound absorbing material effective in middle- and low-frequency noise.

4.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 774231, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34899336

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma results in a high risk of second primary malignancies and has prominent morbidity and mortality. There is a lack of effective treatment and prognosis is poor. Therefore, effective drugs need to be discovered. Carrimycin is a 16-member macrolide antibiotic with anticancer activity, and monomeric isovalerylspiramycin I is a main component. The aim of this study was to determine the anti-tumor effects of carrimycin and monomeric isovalerylspiramycin I on hepatocellular carcinoma through in vivo and in vitro experiments. In vitro, changes in cellular proliferation, migration, invasion, and apoptosis were analyzed by MTT, colony formation, EdU labeling, wound-healing, matrigel transwell invasion, and flow cytometric assays using SK-Hep1, Hep3B, SNU-354, SNU-387 hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines. Western blotting and RT-PCR were used to detect the effects of carrimycin and monomeric isovalerylspiramycin I on the expression levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1). Nude mice were subcutaneously transplanted with SK-Hep1 cells or C57BL/6J mice were orthotopically transplanted with hepatocarcinoma H22 cells. Tumor volume, pathological changes in tumor tissues, and the concentration of VEGF in mouse serum were measured after treatments. Carrimycin and monomeric isovalerylspiramycin I dose-dependently inhibited hepatocellular carcinoma cell viability, colony formation, and DNA replication. These agents markedly suppressed migration and invasion and promoted apoptosis of the cell lines. Western blotting and RT-PCR demonstrated that carrimycin and monomeric isovalerylspiramycin I reduced VEGF and PD-L1 protein and mRNA levels in a dose-dependent manner. In vivo studies further confirmed that carrimycin and monomeric isovalerylspiramycin I could significantly inhibit tumor growth, tumor histopathological alterations, and the concentration of VEGF in both mouse tumor models. These results show that carrimycin and monomeric isovalerylspiramycin I promoted apoptosis and inhibited proliferation, migration, and invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Therefore, our discovery suggests anti-tumor capacity for carrimycin and monomeric isovalerylspiramycin I and provides data on potential new drugs for inhibiting hepatocellular carcinoma.

5.
Toxicol Lett ; 356: 75-88, 2021 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34942311

RESUMO

Necroptosis is a form of regulated programmed cell death that is mediated by receptor-interacting protein kinase 1 (RIPK1), receptor-interacting serine/threonine protein kinase-3 (RIPK3), and mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL); however, it is not known whether zinc finger protein 91 (ZFP91) is involved in this process. Here, we investigated ZFP91 as a potential mediator of necroptosis. Our mechanistic study demonstrates that ZFP91 promotes RIPK1-RIPK3 interaction, thereby stabilizing the RIPK1 and RIPK3 proteins and facilitating necroptosis. ZFP91 stabilized RIPK1 to promote cell death by inducing RIPK1 de-ubiquitination. ZFP91 also significantly increased production of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS). Accumulation of ROS promoted RIPK3-independent necroptosis triggered by tumor necrosis factor (TNF). in vivo, ZFP91 knockdown alleviated TNFα-induced systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). These results provide direct evidence that ZFP91 plays an important role in the initiation of RIPK1/RIPK3-dependent necroptosis in vitro and in vivo. We discussed the potential of ZFP91 as a novel therapeutic target for necroptosis-associated diseases.

6.
Mol Cell Probes ; 61: 101788, 2021 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34954062

RESUMO

Ditylenchus destructor is a plant-parasitic nematode that seriously infests sweet potato crop in China. Thus, fast and accurate detection of D. destructor in soil and plant tissue samples is of great significance. In this study, a real-time recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) assay was developed for the rapid and accurate detection of D. destructor in various samples. The RPA assay could be easily operated and detected as low as 1/500 individual J4 nematode DNA per reaction in 20 min at 39 °C with high specificity. The assay meets the requirements of rapid detection prior to port quarantine as well as on-site real-time detection and can be applied to detect the parasite in soil and plant samples. The modified gDNA extraction method for a single nematode established in this study significantly reduced the time of detection and improved the applicability of the real-time RPA assay for on-site detection in different environments. The real-time RPA assay to detect D. destructor will be useful for epidemiological investigations in the field as well as for quarantine processes in the sweet potato and potato trade.

7.
Br J Pharmacol ; 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34825365

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: ZFP91 positively regulates IL-1ß production in macrophages and may be a potential therapeutic target to treat inflammatory-related diseases. Therefore, we investigated whether this process is modulated by convallatoxin, which is a cardiac glycoside isolated from the traditional Chinese medicinal plant Adonis amurensis Regel et Radde. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: In vitro, the underlying mechanisms by which convallatoxin inhibits ZFP91-regulated IL-1ß expression were investigated using molecular docking, western blotting, RT-PCR, ELISA, immunofluorescence, and immunoprecipitation assays. In vivo, liver injury was induced by an intraperitoneal injection of D-GalN and LPS, colitis was induced by oral administration of DSS in drinking water, and peritonitis was induced by an intraperitoneal injection of alum. KEY RESULTS: We confirmed that convallatoxin inhibited the release of IL-1ß by downregulating ZFP91. Importantly, we found that convallatoxin significantly reduced K63-linked polyubiquitination of pro-IL-1ß regulated by ZFP91 and decreased the efficacy of pro-IL-1ß cleavage. Moreover, convallatoxin suppressed ZFP91-mediated activation of the non-canonical caspase-8 inflammasome and MAPK signaling pathways in macrophages. Furthermore, we showed that ZFP91 promoted the assembly of the caspase-8 inflammasome complex, whereas convallatoxin treatment reversed this result. In vivo studies further demonstrated that convallatoxin ameliorated D-GalN/LPS-induced liver injury, DSS-induced colitis, and alum-induced peritonitis by downregulating ZFP91. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: We report for the first time that convallatoxin-mediated inhibition of ZFP91 is an important regulatory event that prevents inappropriate inflammatory responses to maintain of immune homeostasis. This mechanism provides new perspectives for the development of convallatoxin as a novel anti-inflammatory drug targeting ZFP91.

8.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 228: 112953, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34739932

RESUMO

Epidemiological studies have shown that the elevated concentration of particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than 10 µm (PM10) is closely related to the increased risk of heart and lung diseases in the population. Natural isoflavone compound biochanin A (BCA) has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities, and has efficacy in alleviating lung injury. The objective of this study was to investigate the inhibitory effect of BCA on PM10 induced acute human bronchial epithelial cells injury. The results showed that PM10 decreased intracellular catalase level to 1.19 ± 0.01 nmol/min/mg prot and induce a surge of reactive oxygen species (ROS). It also increased lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity by 428.89% and caused the lipid peroxidation phenomenon. PM10 exposure also upregulates the expression of inflammatory cytokines and mediators. However, BCA could interfere with the above changes caused by PM10, inhibit the LDH level to 8.22 ± 0.03 u/mL, and show anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities. In addition, the phosphatidylinositol 3-kimase (PI3K) /protein kinase B (PKB/Akt) is a key signal pathway in response to PM10 exposure. In this study, PI3K/Akt signaling pathway is seriously affected by PM10 exposure. PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, PI3K, AKT, tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN), mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) and p53 protein were all inhibited by PM10 exposure, and PI3K/Akt signaling pathway was inactivated. BCA exert anti-damage function by regulating the activation process of PI3K protein, intervening the regulation process of PI3K/Akt by PTEN, and intervening the expression and phosphorylation of downstream Akt protein.

9.
J Nutr Biochem ; : 108899, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34748924

RESUMO

Astragalus membranaceus is a traditional Chinese medicine that regulates blood sugar levels, suppresses inflammation, protects the liver, and enhances immunity. In addition, A. membranaceus is also widely used in diet therapy and is a well-known health tonic. Formononetin is a natural product isolated from A. membranaceus that has multiple biological functions, including anti-cancer activity. However, the mechanism by which formononetin inhibits tumor growth is not fully understood. In this present study, we demonstrated that formononetin suppresses PD-L1 protein synthesis via reduction of MYC and STAT3 protein expression. Furthermore, formononetin markedly reduced the expression of MYC protein via the RAS/ERK signaling pathway and inhibited STAT3 activation through JAK1/STAT3 pathway. Co-immunoprecipitation experiments illustrated that formononetin suppresses protein expression of PD-L1 by interfering with the interaction between MYC and STAT3. Meanwhile, formononetin promoted PD-L1 protein degradation via TFEB and TFE3-mediated lysosome biogenesis. T cell killing assay revealed that formononetin could enhance the activity of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and restore ability to kill tumor cells in a co-culture system of T cells and tumor cells. In addition, formononetin inhibited cell proliferation, tube formation, cell migration, and promoted tumor cell apoptosis by suppressing PD-L1. Finally, the inhibitory effect of formononetin on tumor growth was confirmed in a murine xenograft model. The present study revealed the anti-tumor potential of formononetin, and the findings should support further research and development of anti-cancer drugs for cervical cancer.

10.
Parasite Immunol ; 43(12): e12893, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34637545

RESUMO

Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is a neurotropic protozoan parasite, which can cause mental and behavioural disorders. The present study aimed to elucidate the effects and underlying molecular mechanisms of sertraline (SERT) on T. gondii-induced depression-like behaviours. In the present study, a mouse model and a microglial cell line (BV2 cells) model were established by infecting with the T. gondii RH strain. In in vivo and in vitro experiments, the underlying molecular mechanisms of SERT in inhibiting depression-like behaviours and cellular perturbations caused by T. gondii infection were investigated in the mouse brain and BV2 cells. The administration of SERT significantly ameliorated depression-like behaviours in T. gondii-infected mice. Furthermore, SERT inhibited T. gondii proliferation. Treatment with SERT significantly inhibited the activation of microglia and decreased levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as tumour necrosis factor-alpha, and interferon-gamma, by down-regulating tumour necrosis factor receptor 1/nuclear factor-kappa B signalling pathway, thereby ameliorating the depression-like behaviours induced by T. gondii infection. Our study provides insight into the underlying molecular mechanisms of the newly discovered role of SERT against T. gondii-induced depression-like behaviours.

11.
Front Surg ; 8: 742360, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34671639

RESUMO

Background: Breast cancer (BC) is a heterogeneous malignant tumor, leading to the second major cause of female mortality. This study aimed to establish an in-depth relationship between ferroptosis-related LncRNA (FRlncRNA) and the prognosis as well as immune microenvironment of the patients with BC. Methods: We downloaded and integrated the gene expression data and the clinical information of the patients with BC from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The co-expression network analysis and univariate Cox regression analysis were performed to screen out the FRlncRNAs related to prognosis. A cluster analysis was adopted to explore the difference of immune microenvironment between the clusters. Furthermore, we determined the optimal survival-related FRLncRNAs for final signature by LASSO Cox regression analysis. Afterward, we constructed and validated the prediction models, which were further tested in different subgroups. Results: A total of 31 FRLncRNAs were filtrated as prognostic biomarkers. Two clusters were determined, and C1 showed better prognosis and higher infiltration level of immune cells, such as B cells naive, plasma cells, T cells CD8, and T cells CD4 memory activated. However, there were no significantly different clinical characters between the clusters. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) revealed that some metabolism-related pathways and immune-associated pathways were exposed. In addition, 12 FRLncRNAs were determined by LASSO analysis and used to construct a prognostic signature. In both the training and testing sets, patients in the high-risk group had a worse survival than the low-risk patients. The area under the curves (AUCs) of receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves were about 0.700, showing positive prognostic capacity. More notably, through the comprehensive analysis of heatmap, we regarded LINC01871, LINC02384, LIPE-AS1, and HSD11B1-AS1 as protective LncRNAs, while LINC00393, AC121247.2, AC010655.2, LINC01419, PTPRD-AS1, AC099329.2, OTUD6B-AS1, and LINC02266 were classified as risk LncRNAs. At the same time, the patients in the low-risk groups were more likely to be assigned to C1 and had a higher immune score, which were consistent with a better prognosis. Conclusion: Our research indicated that the ferroptosis-related prognostic signature could be used as novel biomarkers for predicting the prognosis of BC. The differences in the immune microenvironment exhibited by BC patients with different risks and clusters suggested that there may be a complementary synergistic effect between ferroptosis and immunotherapy.

12.
Natl Sci Rev ; 8(3): nwaa297, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34676096

RESUMO

Receptor recognition and subsequent membrane fusion are essential for the establishment of successful infection by SARS-CoV-2. Halting these steps can cure COVID-19. Here we have identified and characterized a potent human monoclonal antibody, HB27, that blocks SARS-CoV-2 attachment to its cellular receptor at sub-nM concentrations. Remarkably, HB27 can also prevent SARS-CoV-2 membrane fusion. Consequently, a single dose of HB27 conferred effective protection against SARS-CoV-2 in two established mouse models. Rhesus macaques showed no obvious adverse events when administrated with 10 times the effective dose of HB27. Cryo-EM studies on complex of SARS-CoV-2 trimeric S with HB27 Fab reveal that three Fab fragments work synergistically to occlude SARS-CoV-2 from binding to the ACE2 receptor. Binding of the antibody also restrains any further conformational changes of the receptor binding domain, possibly interfering with progression from the prefusion to the postfusion stage. These results suggest that HB27 is a promising candidate for immuno-therapies against COVID-19.

13.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(10): 4853-4863, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581128

RESUMO

A sequencing batch reactor-anaerobic sequencing batch reactor(SBR-ASBR) process was used to treat domestic sewage. In the SBR, the effects of the anoxic/aerobic time ratio and temperature on the realization of partial nitritation(PN) were investigated. In the ASBR, the effects of different COD/NO2--N(C/N) ratios on the removal of nitrogen and carbon using anaerobic ammonia oxidation(ANAMMOX) and denitrification were studied. The results illustrated that:① After three single cycles and on the 22nd day, the NO2--N accumulation rate(NiAR) was 98.06%, and the nitrate nitrogen generation rate(SNiPR, calculated as N/VSS) was 0.28g·(g·d)-1, and simultaneous nitrification and denitrification removal the TN and COD were 12.29 and 110.36mg·L-1, respectively(temperature=25℃, anoxic/aerobic time ratio=30 min:30 min). ② At an anoxic/aerobic time ratio of 30 min:30 min, the filamentous sludge bulked, the sludge activity decreased, and sludge settleability was poor at 15℃. Furthermore, the conversion rate of NH4+-N to NO2--N was 86.83%, indicating that the effluent NH4+-N concentration was too low to provide suitable matrix concentrations for ANAMMOX at 30℃. The effluent concentrations of NH4+-N and NO2--N were 31.58 mg·L-1 and 35.04mg·L-1, respectively, matching the ratio of the ANAMMOX substrate at 25℃. ③ The SBR-ASBR combined process showed good denitrification performance; the effluent TN, NH4+-N, and COD concentrations were stable at 13.13, 4.83, and 69.96mg·L-1, respectively, and the removal rates were 83.10%, 93.64%, and 75.11%, respectively. When the influent C/N of the ASBR was 2.5, 2.0, and 1.5, respectively, anaerobic ammonia oxidation and denitrification showed the best performance with respect to nitrogen and carbon removal with a C/N of 2.0. The effluent NH4+-N, NO2--N, NO3--N, and COD were 0.09, 0.25, 1.04, and 32.73 mg·L-1, respectively.


Assuntos
Nitrogênio , Esgotos , Amônia , Anaerobiose , Reatores Biológicos , Carbono , Desnitrificação , Oxirredução , Águas Residuárias
14.
J Genet Genomics ; 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537414

RESUMO

Multifactors have been reported to affect the gut microbiome, including genotype, age, diet, and nutrition. However, few reports have investigated the relative capacity of different factors to shape the gut microbiome in a single study. Our design used a genetic vitamin A-deficient mouse model, the Rbp4-/- mouse, feeding with the low vitamin A diets at different ages of initiation (4 or 7 weeks) for 28 days. Fecal samples were collected for bacterial profiling at seven time points after diet controlling. With RBP4 depletion, Akkermansia decreased and Bacteroides increased, whereas Desulfovibrio, Barnesiella, Clostridium_XlVa, and Lactobacillus fluctuated. The bacterial community swiftly adjusted with the vitamin A-deficient diet administration and gradually changed (e.g., decrease of Barnesiella and increase of Desulfovibrio). Age exerted a relatively weaker but long-last influence. At an earlier age to feed a vitamin A-deficient diet, a higher microbial dysbiosis index will be valued. Of note, the shaping effects of diet and age on the bacterial community varied with the difference of genotype, which might indicate a greater role of genotype than diet and age in shaping the gut microbiome.

15.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 910: 174497, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508751

RESUMO

Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is an obligate intracellular parasite that can cause liver diseases in the host, including hepatitis and hepatomegaly. High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is the main inflammatory mediator causing cell injury or necrosis. HMGB1 binds to toll like receptor 4 (TLR4), then activates the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway, which promotes the release of inflammatory factors. Our previous studies showed that HMGB1 mediated TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway plays an important role in liver injury induced by T. gondii infection. Resveratrol (RSV) is a small polyphenol, which has anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-T. gondii effect. However, the effect of RSV on liver injury caused by T. gondii infection is unclear. This study used the RH strain tachyzoites of T. gondii to infect murine liver line, NCTC-1469 cells to establish an in vitro model and acute infection of mice for the in vivo model to explore the protective effect of RSV on liver injury induced by T. gondii infection. The results showed that RSV inhibited the proliferation of T. gondii in the liver, reduced the alanine aminotransferase/aspartate aminotransferase levels and pathological liver damage. Additionally, RSV inhibited the production of tumor necrosis factor-α, inducible nitric oxide synthase and HMGB1 by interfering with the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway. These results indicate that RSV can protect liver injury caused by T. gondii infection by intervening in the HMGB1/TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway. This study will provide a theoretical basis for RSV treatment of T. gondii infection induced liver injury.

16.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(8): 8972-8981, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488384

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The recent emergence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a major global health threat. Monitoring viral transmission and disease characteristics as the disease spreads globally is vital. This study aimed to describe the clinical characteristics and source of infection in patients with secondary transmission of COVID-19 outside the outbreak area. METHODS: The epidemiological, demographic, clinical, laboratory, radiological, and treatment data of five patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 who were treated in the General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University (Ningxia, China) from 1 January 2020 to 1 March 2020 were presented. The final follow-up evaluation was performed on 12 March 2020. RESULTS: The five participants included two couples and a young woman, none of whom had visited Hubei. It was likely that four of the participants had been infected by exposure to asymptomatic visitors from Wuhan. The other participant lived in a densely-populated community with potential COVID-19 cases. A variety of symptoms were presented by four participants, including cough, fevers, sputum, breathlessness, chest pain, fatigue, sore limbs, sore throats, headaches, and rhinorrhea. A severe infection, with dyspnea and decreased oxygen saturation, was experienced by one participant who had a history of chronic bronchitis. A single participant was asymptomatic, but had ground-glass opacities (GGOs) on chest imaging. Another two participants also displayed GGOs. Lymphopenia was noted in three participants. During the follow-up period, all participants were cured and discharged to their homes. CONCLUSIONS: This study included patients who had acquired infections of COVID-19 through local transmission. These findings will provide a better understanding of secondary transmission of COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Tosse , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , Febre , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
17.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(24): 7062-7072, 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34540961

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is on the rise worldwide. Neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) have enabled many critically ill newborns to survive. When a premature baby is admitted to the NICU, the mother-infant relationship may be interrupted, affecting the mother's mental health. AIM: To examine the maternal emotions associated with having a child in the NICU and provide suggestions for clinical practice. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsychARTICLES, and PsychINFO were searched for relevant articles between 2005 to 2019, and six qualitative articles were chosen that explored the experiences of mothers who had a preterm infant in the NICU. The thematic analysis method was used to identify the most common themes. RESULTS: Four main themes of the experience of mothers who had a preterm infant in the NICU were identified: Negative emotional impacts on the mother, support, barriers to parenting, and establishment of a loving relationship. CONCLUSION: NICU environment is not conducive to mother-child bonding, but we stipulate steps that health care professionals can take to reduce the negative emotional toll on mothers of NICU babies.

18.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 690059, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335658

RESUMO

High yield is the primary objective of maize breeding. Genomic dissection of grain yield and yield-related traits contribute to understanding the yield formation and improving the yield of maize. In this study, two genome-wide association study (GWAS) methods and genomic prediction were made on an association panel of 309 inbred lines. GWAS analyses revealed 22 significant trait-marker associations for grain yield per plant (GYP) and yield-related traits. Genomic prediction analyses showed that reproducing kernel Hilbert space (RKHS) outperformed the other four models based on GWAS-derived markers for GYP, ear weight, kernel number per ear and row, ear length, and ear diameter, whereas genomic best linear unbiased prediction (GBLUP) showed a slight superiority over other modes in most subsets of the trait-associated marker (TAM) for thousand kernel weight and kernel row number. The prediction accuracy could be improved when significant single-nucleotide polymorphisms were fitted as the fixed effects. Integrating information on population structure into the fixed model did not improve the prediction performance. For GYP, the prediction accuracy of TAMs derived from fixed and random model Circulating Probability Unification (FarmCPU) was comparable to that of the compressed mixed linear model (CMLM). For yield-related traits, CMLM-derived markers provided better accuracies than FarmCPU-derived markers in most scenarios. Compared with all markers, TAMs could effectively improve the prediction accuracies for GYP and yield-related traits. For eight traits, moderate- and high-prediction accuracies were achieved using TAMs. Taken together, genomic prediction incorporating prior information detected by GWAS could be a promising strategy to improve the grain yield of maize.

19.
EMBO J ; 40(18): e108249, 2021 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296442

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2 is an emerging coronavirus that causes dysfunctions in multiple human cells and tissues. Studies have looked at the entry of SARS-CoV-2 into host cells mediated by the viral spike protein and human receptor ACE2. However, less is known about the cellular immune responses triggered by SARS-CoV-2 viral proteins. Here, we show that the nucleocapsid of SARS-CoV-2 inhibits host pyroptosis by blocking Gasdermin D (GSDMD) cleavage. SARS-CoV-2-infected monocytes show enhanced cellular interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) expression, but reduced IL-1ß secretion. While SARS-CoV-2 infection promotes activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome and caspase-1, GSDMD cleavage and pyroptosis are inhibited in infected human monocytes. SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid protein associates with GSDMD in cells and inhibits GSDMD cleavage in vitro and in vivo. The nucleocapsid binds the GSDMD linker region and hinders GSDMD processing by caspase-1. These insights into how SARS-CoV-2 antagonizes cellular inflammatory responses may open new avenues for treating COVID-19 in the future.


Assuntos
COVID-19/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Nucleocapsídeo/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a Fosfato/metabolismo , Piroptose/fisiologia , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/imunologia , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/metabolismo , Animais , COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/patologia , COVID-19/virologia , Caspase 1/imunologia , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Humanos , Inflamassomos/imunologia , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/imunologia , Camundongos , Monócitos/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/imunologia , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a Fosfato/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/metabolismo , Células THP-1
20.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(14)2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34300887

RESUMO

Fatigue analysis is of great significance for thin-walled structures in the spacecraft industry to ensure their service reliability during operation. Due to the complex loadings of thin-walled structures under thermal-structural-acoustic coupling conditions, the calculation cost of finite element (FE) simulations is relatively expensive. To improve the computational efficiency of dynamic reliability analysis on thin-walled structures to within acceptable accuracy, a novel probabilistic approach named DC-ILSSVR was developed, in which the rotation matrix optimization (RMO) method was used to initially search for the model parameters of least squares support vector regression (LS-SVR). The distributed collaborative (DC) strategy was then introduced to enhance the efficiency of a component suffering from multiple failure modes. Moreover, a numerical example with respect to thin-walled structures was used to validate the proposed method. The results showed that RMO performed on LS-SVR model parameters provided competitive prediction accuracy, and hence the reliability analysis efficiency of thin-walled pipe was significantly improved.

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