Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.774
Filtrar
1.
Food Chem ; 305: 125447, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499289

RESUMO

A novel α-amylase gene (RmAmyA) from Rhizomucor miehei was cloned and expressed in Pichia pastoris. RmAmyA showed 70% amino acid identity with the α-amylase from Rhizomucor pusillus. A high α-amylase activity of 29,794.2 U/mL was found through high cell density fermentation. The molecular mass of RmAmyA was determined to be 49.9 kDa via SDS-PAGE. RmAmyA was optimally active at 75 °C and pH 6.0, and it did not require Ca2+ to improve its activity. It exhibited broad substrate specificity towards amylose, amylopectin, soluble starch, pullulan, and cyclodextrins. High level of maltose (54%, w/w) was produced after liquefied starch was hydrolysed with RmAmyA for 16 h. Moreover, the addition of RmAmyA into Chinese steamed bread resulted in 7.7% increment in the specific volume, and 17.2% and 11.5% reduction in the chewiness and hardness, respectively. These results indicate that RmAmyA might be a potential candidate for applications in the food industry.

2.
Water Res ; 168: 115093, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606557

RESUMO

Hydroxylamine showed an outstanding performance on enhancing the oxidation of pollutants in Fe(II) involved advanced oxidation processes, while the detailed reaction schemes have not been fully revealed. Specific functions of hydroxylamine in the oxidation of benzoic acid with Fe(II)/persulfate (PDS) system were explored. With the addition of hydroxylamine, degradation kinetics of benzoic acid deviated from both two-stage kinetics and pseudo first order kinetics, but could be interpreted well with binomial regression analysis. Degradation rate constant (kobs) of benzoic acid was calculated and showed the same variation trend with [hydroxylamine][Fe(III)]2/([Fe(II)][H+])2, the value of which was changed during reaction processes. A detailed kinetic model for simulating the degradation profile of benzoic acid with hydroxylamine acceleration was proposed for the first time and indicated that interactions of hydroxylamine and Fe(III) were fast equilibrium reactions, which was a dominant factor influencing the oxidation kinetics of benzoic acid in Fe(II)/hydroxylamine/PDS system. Comparative study showed that when 1.4 mM of ascorbic acid was added into Fe(II)/PDS system, degradation kinetics of benzoic acid was similar to that enhanced by hydroxylamine. However, when 0.6 mM or 1.0 mM of ascorbic acid was added, oxidation kinetics still presented as the two-stage profile. Kinetic simulations indicated that Fe(II) was produced slower from Fe(III)-ascorbic acid complexes than that with hydroxylamine, which caused the difference in oxidation kinetics. This study could improve our understanding about the effect of hydroxylamine and other reductants in promoting pollutants elimination in Fe(II)/PDS system.


Assuntos
Compostos Ferrosos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Compostos Férricos , Hidroxilamina , Hidroxilaminas , Cinética , Oxirredução
3.
Water Res ; 168: 115181, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630018

RESUMO

In this study, zwitterionic polymer brushes with controlled architecture were grafted on the surface of gravity-driven membrane (GDM) via surface-initiated reaction to impart antifouling property. A variety of membrane characterization techniques were conducted to demonstrate the successful functionalization of zwitterionic polymers on PVDF hollow fiber membrane. The membrane underwent 90 min of reaction time possessing strong hydrophilicity and high permeability was determined as the optimal modified membrane. Long-term GDM dynamic fouling experiments operated for 30 days using sewage wastewater as feed solution indicated zwitterionic polymer modified membrane exhibit excellent membrane fouling resistance thus enhanced stable flux. Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) imaging implied that zwitterionic polymer modification significantly inhibit the adsorption of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) which dominates fouling propensity, resulting in the formation of a thin biofilm with high porosity under synthetic functions of foulants deposition and microbial activities. Interfacial free energy prediction affirmed the presence of zwitterionic functional layer on membrane surface could substantially decrease the interactions (e.g., electrostatic attractions and hydrophobic effects) between membrane and foulants, thereby reduced flux decline and high stable flux. Our study suggests surface hydrophilic functionalization shows promising potential for improving the performance of ultra-low pressure filtration.


Assuntos
Membranas Artificiais , Polímeros , Biofilmes , Filtração , Esgotos
4.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 187: 109831, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654868

RESUMO

Lead is one of the most hazardous pollutants to both the environment as well as human beings. As one of the approaches to enhance phytoremediation, brassinosteroids are predicted as a potential candidate phytohormone for assisted phytoremediation. Few studies have focused on the physiological regulations of tall fescue plants (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.), a potential phytoremediation species, for its responses to applications of brassinosteroids under lead stress. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to investigate the effects of foliar application of 24-epibrassinolide, a brassinosteroids analogue, on reactive oxygen species accumulation and antioxidative defense systems of tall fescue when exposed to lead, and ultimately its potential to be used in phytoremediation. When exposed to lead (1000 mg/kg) for 80 d, decreases in shoot and root biomass of tall fescue biomass as well as chlorophyll and carotenoid productions were found. Foliar application of 24-epibrassinolide at three rates and five applications every 7 d improved the biomass of both shoots and roots, and increased the photosynthetic pigments. The improved lead tolerance in tall fescue plants after 24-epibrassinolide applications was associated with reduced H2O2 and O2.- accumulations and increased antioxidative enzyme activities including superoxide dismutase, catalase, and guaiacol peroxidase. Additionally, osmoprotectants increased and lipid peroxidation decreased. Ultimately, foliar applications of 24-epibrassinolide enhanced the lead recovery rate of tall fescue plants, proving its potential role in phytoremediation for soil contaminated with heavy metals such as lead.

5.
Chemosphere ; 238: 124533, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466004

RESUMO

The activation of persulfate by Fe(II) coupled with hydroxylamine (the HA/Fe(II)/PS system) was highly effective for the degradation of refractory organic contaminants under acidic pH conditions. However, owing to the precipitation of ferric hydroxide and/or the slow reduction from Fe(III) to Fe(II), the HA/Fe(II)/PS system was invalid under neutral and alkaline pH conditions. In this study, it was observed that the degradation of acid orange 7 (AO7) was strongly enhanced over the wide pH range of 2-9 when trace Cu(II) (0.5-5 µM) was spiked into the HA/Fe(II)/PS system. It was evident that Cu(I) was generated via the reduction of Cu(II) by HA in the bimetallic system at both pH 3 and pH 8, and the steady concentration of Fe(II) in the bimetallic system was much higher than that in the HA/Fe(II)/PS system due to the rapid reaction between Fe(III) and Cu(I). Quenching experiments using tert-butyl alcohol, methanol and sodium bromide as the scavengers and electron spin resonance experiments confirmed that the primary reactive species responsible for AO7 degradation were sulfate radical at both pH 3 and pH 8, rather than hydroxyl radical and Cu(III). Nevertheless, sulfate radical was mainly produced by Fe(II)-activated PS at pH 3, while both Cu(I) and Fe(II) made important contributions to the generation of sulfate radical at pH 8. The bimetallic system was also highly effective in degrading other organic contaminants, such as phenol, diclofenac, reactive red 2 and orange G. This study might provide a promising idea based on Fe(II)-activated PS for degrading organic contaminants over a wide pH range.

6.
Viruses ; 11(11)2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717616

RESUMO

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is a huge threat to the modern pig industry, and current vaccine prevention strategies could not provide full protection against it. Therefore, exploring new anti-PRRSV strategies is urgently needed. Ginsenoside Rg1, derived from ginseng and notoginseng, is shown to exert anti-inflammatory, neuronal apoptosis-suppressing and anti-oxidant effects. Here we demonstrate Rg1-inhibited PRRSV infection both in Marc-145 cells and porcine alveolar macrophages (PAMs) in a dose-dependent manner. Rg1 treatment affected multiple steps of the PRRSV lifecycle, including virus attachment, replication and release at concentrations of 10 or 50 µM. Meanwhile, Rg1 exhibited broad inhibitory activities against Type 2 PRRSV, including highly pathogenic PRRSV (HP-PRRSV) XH-GD and JXA1, NADC-30-like strain HNLY and classical strain VR2332. Mechanistically, Rg1 reduced mRNA levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines, including IL-1ß, IL-8, IL-6 and TNF-α, and decreased NF-κB signaling activation triggered by PRRSV infection. Furthermore, 4-week old piglets intramuscularly treated with Rg1 after being challenged with the HP-PRRSV JXA1 strain display moderate lung injury, decreased viral load in serum and tissues, and an improved survival rate. Collectively, our study provides research basis and supportive clinical data for using Ginsenoside Rg1 in PRRSV therapies in swine.

7.
Sci Total Environ ; 699: 133561, 2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689669

RESUMO

Air pollution is one of the serious environmental problems that humankind faces and also a hot topic in Northeastern Asia. Therefore, the accurate prediction of PM2.5 (particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of ≤2.5 µm) is very significant in the management of human health and the decision-making of government for the environmental management. In this study, a spatiotemporal convolutional neural network (CNN) and long short-term (LSTM) memory (CNN-LSTM) model (also called PM (particulate matter) predictor) was proposed and used to predict the next day's daily average PM2.5 concentration in Beijing City. The spatiotemporal correlation analysis using the mutual information (MI) was performed, considering not only the linear correlation but also nonlinear correlation between target and observation parameters; in addition, it was fully considered for the whole area of China with the target monitoring station as the center and also for the historic air quality and meteorological data. As a result, the spatiotemporal feature vector (STFV) which reflects both linear and nonlinear correlations between parameters was effectively constructed. The PM predictor secured a fast and accurate prediction performance by efficiently extracting the inherent features of the latent air quality and meteorological input data associated with PM2.5 through CNN and by fully reflecting the long-term historic process of input time series data through LSTM. The air quality and meteorological data from the 384 monitoring stations which represents the whole area of China with Beijing City as the center during the 3 years (Jan. 1st, 2015 to Dec. 31th, 2017) were used to verify the validity of the proposed method. In conclusion, the proposed method was proved to have a better stability and prediction performance compared to multi-layer perceptron (MLP) and LSTM models.

8.
Theranostics ; 9(25): 7648-7665, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695792

RESUMO

Alternative splicing (AS) has emerged as a key event in tumor development and microenvironment formation. However, comprehensive analysis of AS and its clinical significance in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSC) is urgently required. Methods: Genome-wide profiling of AS events using RNA-Seq data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) program was performed in a cohort of 464 patients with HNSC. Cancer-associated AS events (CASEs) were identified between paired HNSC and adjacent normal tissues and evaluated in functional enrichment analysis. Splicing networks and prognostic models were constructed using bioinformatics tools. Unsupervised clustering of the CASEs identified was conducted and associations with clinical, molecular and immune features were analyzed. Results: We detected a total of 32,309 AS events and identified 473 CASEs in HNSC; among these, 91 were validated in an independent cohort (n = 15). Functional protein domains were frequently altered, especially by CASEs affecting cancer drivers, such as PCSK5. CASE parent genes were significantly enriched in pathways related to HNSC and the tumor immune microenvironment, such as the viral carcinogenesis (FDR < 0.001), Human Papillomavirus infection (FDR < 0.001), chemokine (FDR < 0.001) and T cell receptor (FDR < 0.001) signaling pathways. CASEs enriched in immune-related pathways were closely associated with immune cell infiltration and cytolytic activity. AS regulatory networks suggested a significant association between splicing factor (SF) expression and CASEs and might be regulated by SF methylation. Eighteen CASEs were identified as independent prognostic factors for overall and disease-free survival. Unsupervised clustering analysis revealed distinct correlations between AS-based clusters and prognosis, molecular characteristics and immune features. Immunogenic features and immune subgroups cooperatively depict the immune features of AS-based clusters. Conclusion: This comprehensive genome-wide analysis of the AS landscape in HNSC revealed novel AS events related to carcinogenesis and immune microenvironment, with implications for prognosis and therapeutic responses.

9.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31756099

RESUMO

Surface functionalization using two-dimensional (2-D) graphene oxide (GO) materials is a promising technique to enhance the biofouling resistance of membranes used in water purification and reuse. However, the role of GO exposure, which is crucial for the contact-mediated toxicity mechanism, has not been well evaluated or elucidated in previous studies. Herein, we employ bioinspired polydopamine chemistry to fabricate GO-functionalized membranes through two strategies: coating and blending. The two types of GO-functionalized membranes displayed comparable roughness, hydrophilicity, water permeability, as well as solute retention properties, but different degrees of GO nanosheet exposure on the membrane surface. When in contact with the model bacterium, Escherichia coli, the GO-coated membrane exhibited enhanced biofouling resistance compared to that of the GO-blended membrane, as evidenced by lower viable cells in static adsorption experiments, and lower water flux decline and higher flux recovery in dynamic biofouling experiments. Moreover, the development of biofilm on the GO-coated membrane was also inhibited to a greater extent than on the GO-blended membrane. Taken together, our findings indicate the paramount importance of GO exposure on the membrane surface in conferring antibacterial activity and biofouling resistance, which should be considered in the future design of antibiofouling membranes using 2-D nanomaterials.

10.
Parasitol Int ; 75: 102001, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678435

RESUMO

Cooperia spp. are parasitic nematodes parasitizing in small intestine of ruminants with a worldwide distribution. Infection of ruminants with Cooperia species can cause severe enteritis, causing significant socio-economic losses to the livestock industry. However, it is yet to know whether there is genetic diversity in mitochondrial (mt) DNA sequences of Cooperia nematodes from different geographic regions. The objective of the present study was to examine sequence difference in mt genomes between Cooperia sp. from China and other Cooperia species. We determined the sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS-1 and ITS-2) of nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA) of 11 Cooperia specimens collected from the small intestine of a Tianzhu White yak in Gansu Province, northwestern China, which had 99% similarity with that of C. oncophora from Brazil (GenBank accession Number: AJ544290) in ITS-1, and 99% similarity with those from Denmark (AB245040), Scotland and Australia (AJ000032) in ITS-2, indicating that specimens used in the present study should at least represent parasites in Cooperia. We then determined the complete mt genome sequences of one representative specimen of Cooperia sp. from China (CspC), compared the mt DNA sequences with that of C. oncophora from Australia (COA, GQ888713), and conducted phylogenetic analysis with selected nematodes using both maximum likelihood (ML) and Bayesian inference (BI) methods based on both concatenated 12 PCGs, rrnL and rrnS sequences and partial cox2 sequences. The complete mt genome sequence of CspC (KY769271) is 13, 583 bp in length, which is 91 bp shorter than that from COA. The sequence difference over the entire mt genome between CspC and COA was 12.2% in nucleotide and 6.3% in inferred amino acids, with nad4L and nad1 being the most variable and the most conserved PCGs, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that CspC and COA were closely-related but distinct taxa. The determination of mt genome sequences for Cooperia sp. from China also provides novel resources for further studies of taxonomy, systematics and population genetics of Cooperia from different geographical locations.

11.
PLoS One ; 14(11): e0225602, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31756232

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to play key regulatory roles in plant growth, development, and biotic and abiotic stress physiology. Revealing the mechanism of lncRNA regulation in the albino portions of leaves is important for understanding the development of chimeric leaves in Ananas comosus var. bracteatus. In this study, a total of 3,543 candidate lncRNAs were identified, among which 1,451 were differentially expressed between completely green (CGr) and completely white (CWh) leaves. LncRNAs tend to have shorter transcripts, lower expression levels, and greater expression specificity than protein-coding genes. Predicted lncRNA targets were functionally annotated by the Gene Ontology (GO), Clusters of Orthologous Groups (COG) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) databases. A lncRNA-mRNA interaction network was constructed, and 36 target mRNAs related to chlorophyll metabolism were predicted to interact with 86 lncRNAs. Among these, 25 significantly differentially expressed lncRNAs putatively interacted with 16 target mRNAs. Based on an expression pattern analysis of the lncRNAs and their target mRNAs, the lncRNAs targeting magnesium chelatase subunit H (ChlH), protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase (POR), and heme o synthase (COX10) were suggested as key regulators of chlorophyll metabolism. This study provides the first lncRNA database for A. comosus var. bracteatus and contributes greatly to understanding the mechanism of epigenetic regulation of leaf albinism.

12.
J Immunother Cancer ; 7(1): 298, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31722750

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immunotherapy, especially immune checkpoint inhibition, has provided powerful tools against cancer. We aimed to detect the expression of common immune checkpoints and evaluate their prognostic values in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). METHODS: The expression of 9 immune checkpoints consistent with 13 features was detected in the training cohort (n = 208) by immunohistochemistry and quantified by computational pathology. Then, the LASSO cox regression model was used to construct an immune checkpoint-based signature (ICS), which was validated in a validation cohort containing 125 patients. RESULTS: High positive expression of PD-L1 and B7-H4 was observed in tumour cells (TCs), whereas PD-L1, B7-H3, B7-H4, IDO-1, VISTA, ICOS and OX40 were highly expressed in tumour-associated immune cells (TAICs). Eight of the 13 immune features were associated with patient overall survival, and an ICS classifier consisting of 5 features (B7-H3TAIC, IDO-1TAIC, VISTATAIC, ICOSTAIC, and LAG3TAIC) was established. Patients with high-risk scores in the training cohort had shorter overall (P < 0.001), disease-free (P = 0.002), and distant metastasis-free survival (P = 0.004), which were confirmed in the validation cohort. Multivariate analysis revealed that the ICS classifier was an independent prognostic factor. A combination of the ICS classifier and TNM stage had better prognostic value than the TNM stage alone. In addition, the ICS classifier was significantly associated with survivals in patients with high EBV-DNA load. CONCLUSIONS: We determined the expression status of nine immune checkpoints consistent with 13 features in NPC and further constructed an ICS prognostic model, which might add prognostic value to the TNM staging system.

13.
Nanotechnology ; 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751961

RESUMO

It remains a great challenge to disentangle and disperse multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) in thermoplastics by the existing melt compounding facilities where neither solvent nor liquid chemicals are allowed. In this study, ball milling is applied to disentangle MWCNTs and to eventually liberate each tube from agglomeration, and then the tubes are melt compounded with polyamide-6 (PA6). A uniformly distributed MWCNT network is observed; obvious load transfer from the matrix to the tubes is evidenced by the presence of many firmly embedded tubes on the fracture surface. The electrical conductivity percolation threshold of PA6/MWCNT composites is found to be 2.5-3.0 wt%, in comparison with 5.0-8.0 wt% for PA6/stainless steel fibre composites. The 10.0 wt% composite shows a 76% increase in flexural modulus and 58% in flexural strength.

14.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e23122, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743519

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a common malignancy worldwide. Numerous reports have shown the critical role of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in NSCLC. However, the role of a novel lncRNA named LNBC3 is still unknown. METHODS: By lncRNA profiling, novel lncRNAs related to NSCLC were identified. LNBC3 expression was quantified by qRT-PCR. Migration and viability assays were performed to evaluate the function of LNBC3 in vitro. In vivo xenograft model was conducted to determine the oncogenic functions of LNBC3. RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) followed by mass spectrometry (MS) was utilized to identify BCL6 as LNBC3 binding target. RESULTS: LNBC3 is markedly overexpressed in tumor tissues and NSCLC cell lines. Higher LNBC3 levels correlated with advanced TNM stages, larger tumor size, and metastasis. LNBC3 promoted NSCLC migration and viability. The in vivo experiments demonstrated that xenograft tumor growth and proliferation were facilitated with increasing LNBC3 levels. The antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) targeting LNBC3 substantially inhibited lung cancer progression. Mechanistic studies showed that LNBC3 could interact with BCL6 leading to BCL6 stabilization through reduced proteasomal degradation. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, our data have identified a novel lncRNA LNBC3 in NSCLC progression. The LNBC3-BCL6 axis might be a potential target for pharmaceutical intervention.

15.
J Hematol Oncol ; 12(1): 115, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31744509

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The accurate information about lymphoma burden at national and provincial levels remains unknown in China. METHODS: Following the general analytical strategy used in GBD 2016, the age-, sex-, and province-specific incidence, mortality, and prevalence of lymphoma in China were analyzed. Trends in the incidence, mortality, prevalence, and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) due to Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) were assessed from 2006 to 2016. RESULTS: It was estimated that there were 75,400 new cases and 40,500 deaths of lymphoma in 2016 in China, of which 6900 new cases and 2900 deaths were due to HL, while 68,500 new cases and 37,600 deaths were due to NHL. The age-standardized incidence rate (ASIR), mortality rate (ASMR), and prevalence rate (ASPR) per 100,000 were 0.46, 0.19, and 1.75 for HL, and 4.29, 2.45, and 14.9 for NHL, respectively. An upward trend with age in incidence and mortality was observed. Males had higher incidence and mortality rates than females in all age groups. Sociodemographic index had a correlation with the ASIR (r = 0.75), ASMR (r = - 0.74), ASPR (r = 0.84), and age-standardized DALYs (r = - 0.75) of HL, as well as with the ASIR (r = 0.80), ASPR (r = 0.83), and age-standardized DALYs (r = - 0.33) of NHL. From 2006 to 2016, the age-standardized DALYs of HL decreased significantly, while the age-standardized DALYs of NHL increased from 2006 to 2013 and remained stable from 2013 to 2016. CONCLUSIONS: The burden of lymphoma in China showed unexpected patterns varied by sex, age, and provinces, with an increased trend of NHL and a decreased trend of HL from 2006 to 2016.

16.
Mol Cell Biochem ; 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677030

RESUMO

Sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) modulates mitochondria-localized processes and is implicated in the metabolic reprogramming of cancer cells, especially fatty acid (FA) synthesis. However, the relationship between SIRT3 and aberrant lipid synthesis in cervical cancer remains unclear. Here, we investigated the clinical relevance of SIRT3 expression in cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC), cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), and normal tissues. To analyze the role of SIRT3 in CCSC in vitro, endogenous SIRT3 levels were up- and down-regulated in SiHa and C33a cells, respectively, via lentiviral-based transfection. Levels were quantified using qRT-PCR. Acetylation levels for acetyl-coA carboxylase (ACC1) were measured with the anti-acetyllysine antibody. Knockdown of SIRT3 reduced levels of cellular lipid content in cells. To investigate the role of SIRT3 in cell proliferation, nude mice were xenografted with SIRT3-overexpressing or SIRT3-knockdown CCSC cells. Overall, the results demonstrate that SIRT3 significantly contributed to the reprogramming of FA synthesis in CCSC by up-regulating ACC1 to promote de novo lipogenesis by SIRT3 deacetylation. Moreover, the findings show that the SIRT3-mediated regulation of FA synthesis played a critical role in the proliferation and metastasis of CCSC cells, suggesting that SIRT3 has therapeutic potential in CCSC treatment.

17.
Environ Pollut ; : 113463, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677875

RESUMO

Growing evidence suggests that metallic oxide nanoparticles can pose a severe risk to the health of invertebrates. Previous attention has been mostly paid to the effects of metallic oxide nanoparticles on the survival, growth and physiology of animals. In comparison, the effects on gut microbiota and incidence of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in soil fauna remain poorly understood. We conducted a microcosm study to explore the responses of the non-target soil invertebrate Enchytraeus crypticus gut microbiota and resistomes to copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs) and copper nitrate by using bacterial 16S rRNA gene amplicons sequencing and high throughput quantitative PCR. The results showed that exposure to Cu2+ resulted in higher bioaccumulation (P < 0.05) and lower body weight and reproduction (P < 0.05) of Enchytraeus crypticus than exposure to CuO NPs. Nevertheless, exposure to CuO NPs for 21 days markedly increased the alpha-diversity of the gut microbiota of Enchytraeus crypticus (P < 0.05) and shifted the gut microbial communities, with a significant decline in the relative abundance of the phylum Planctomycetes (from 37.26% to 19.80%, P < 0.05) and a significant elevation in the relative abundance of the phyla Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes and Acidobacteria (P < 0.05). The number of detected ARGs in the Enchytraeus crypticus gut significantly decreased from 45 in the Control treatment to 16 in the Cu(NO3)2 treatment and 20 in the CuO NPs treatment. The abundance of ARGs in the Enchytraeus crypticus gut were also significantly decreased to 38.48% when exposure to Cu(NO3)2 and 44.90% when exposure to CuO NPs (P < 0.05) compared with the controls. These results extend our understanding of the effects of metallic oxide nanoparticles on the gut microbiota and resistome of soil invertebrates.

18.
Bioresour Technol ; : 122409, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740246

RESUMO

In this study, the growth and lipid accumulation of Scenedesmus sp. using different nanoparticles and light sources were investigated. Xenon lamp can produce a broad illumination spectrum, and exhibited better performance than light-emitting diode. SiC and g-C3N4 nanoparticles improved the biomass and lipid accumulation, whereas TiO2 and TiC nanoparticles had inhibitory influence on microalgae. Lipid production can be improved by oxidative stress produced by combination of nanoparticles and xenon lamp irradiation. At the optimal SiC nanoparticles concentration of 150 mg L-1 and photoperiod of 6:18 h, the maximum biomass concentration and total lipid content reached 3.18 g L-1 and 40.26%, respectively. The addition of SiC nanoparticles could promote the substrate utilization rate and induce stress condition, thereby enhancing the activity of acetyl-CoA carboxylase and lipid biosynthesis. This research shows that SiC nanoparticles addition combined with xenon lamp illumination is a promising strategy to promote microalgal growth and lipid accumulation.

19.
Neuroscience ; 421: 136-143, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682819

RESUMO

Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a common postoperative complication observed in patients following. Here we tested the molecular mechanisms of memory loss in hippocampus of rat POCD model. We found that high-dose propofol anesthesia significantly alleviated spatial memory loss. The proteomes and transcriptomes in hippocampus showed that hippocampal cytoskeleton related pathways were abnormal in low group while not in high group. The protein assays confirmed that hippocampal actin cytoskeleton was depolymerized in low group while maintained in high group. This study confirms that high-dose propofol anesthesia could mitigate the development of POCD and provides evidences for actin cytoskeleton associated with this syndrome.

20.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(5): 765-767, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31762249

RESUMO

A healthy 52-year-old woman presented with 10-days history of back pain. Neurologic testing failed to detect any functional deficits in the upper and lower extremities, and the patient had a full range of cervical spine motion without associated pain. Spinal CT and MRI revealed a well-circumscribed intradural mass located at conus medullaris. The operation of L1 hemilaminectomy was performed, and pathological examination discovered dilatation of sweat ducts and suggested the diagnosis of ectopic sweat duct ectasia. IHC staining in epithelia immunophenotype showed: pan-cytokeratin (PCK)(+), epithelia membrane antigen (EMA)(+), P63(+), cytokeratin 5/6 (CK5/6)(+), gross cystic disease fluid protein 15 (GCDFP15)(-). Intraspinal ectopic sweat duct ectasia is extremely rare, which has not been reported in the literature to date.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA