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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 856(Pt 1): 158434, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36075431

RESUMO

The introduce of a nanomaterial interlayer between the substrate and polyamide is identified as a promising strategy to construct highly performed membranes. Two-dimensional (2D) materials are potential candidates as interlayer for advanced thin-film nanocomposite interlayer (TFNi) membranes. Nevertheless, low permeability, selectivity and long-term stability are still critical issues in TFNi membrane manufacture. Herein, a scalable approach for constructing TFNi membranes was implemented using stacked MXene nanosheets as interlayer, wherein the Fe3O4 nanoparticles worked as the sacrificial template to regulate the interlayer spacing of the 2D channels. SEM, XPS, water contact angle, and zeta potential were used to characterize the physical and chemical properties of prepared TFNi membranes, and the results shows that the presence of MXene interlayer increased the hydrophilicity, thinness and roughness of polyamide layer compared to that of pure TFC membranes. Besides, the enlarged interlayer channel after the sacrifice of the Fe3O4 nanoparticles greatly boosted the transport of the water molecules. The resultant membranes exhibited nearly double fold of water flux (66.4 ± 3.45 L·m-2·h-1) and higher selective separation factor (48.4) compared with those prepared without interlayer, while the outstanding salt rejection (>97 %) was maintained. This work achieves an innovative strategy for multifunctional polyamide nanofiltration membrane construction.


Assuntos
Nanocompostos , Nylons , Salinidade , Membranas Artificiais , Água
2.
Chemosphere ; 311(Pt 1): 137044, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36330979

RESUMO

It is crucial to reduce the concentration of pollutants in water environment to below safe levels. Some cost-effective pollutant removal technologies have been developed, among which adsorption technology is considered as a promising solution. However, the batch experiments and adsorption isotherms widely employed at present are inefficient and time-consuming to some extent, which limits the development of adsorption technology. As a new research paradigm, machine learning (ML) is expected to innovate traditional adsorption models. This reviews summarized the general workflow of ML and commonly employed ML algorithms for pollutant adsorption. Then, the latest progress of ML for pollutant adsorption was reviewed from the perspective of all-round regulation of adsorption process, including adsorption efficiency, operating conditions and adsorption mechanism. General guidelines of ML for pollutant adsorption were presented. Finally, the existing problems and future perspectives of ML for pollutant adsorption were put forward. We highly expect that this review will promote the application of ML in pollutant adsorption and improve the interpretability of ML.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Aprendizado de Máquina
3.
Chemosphere ; 310: 136784, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36241104

RESUMO

With the wide application of nanomaterials (NMs) in agriculture, it is particularly important to assess the impact of these NMs on soil microorganisms. In this study, different varieties of soybean rhizosphere microorganisms (RM) were employed to simulate the alleviate effect of molybdenum nanoparticles (Mo NPs) induced stress in presence of soybean plants. Mo NPs caused serious toxic effects on soybean growth and nitrogen fixation at a concentration of 100 mg kg-1: plant height and biomass were reduced by 56.4% and 82.8%, respectively, and the ability to fix nitrogen was almostly lost. However, after adding different varieties of soybean RM (RM-Williams 82, RM-Youchun 1204, and RM-Zhongdou 41), the stress caused by high concentrations of Mo NPs on soybean plants was significantly reduced. The plant height, root length, biomass, and nitrogen fixation ability were improved by 70.8%, 80.7%, 145.8%, and 349.8%, respectively, following the addition of soybean RM-Williams 82. High-throughput sequencing revealed that Mo NPs treatment affected the microbial community structure. Among them, Flavisolibacter and Caulobacter genera abundance increased significantly, which might be the key factor in relieving Mo NPs-induced stress on soybean growth. These findings suggest a novel mode of RM as a promising strategy to prevent deleterious effects of stress with NPs on plants in the future.


Assuntos
Fabaceae , Microbiota , Nanoestruturas , Rizosfera , Solo/química , Soja , Microbiologia do Solo , Molibdênio/farmacologia , Nanoestruturas/toxicidade
4.
J Hazard Mater ; 442: 129923, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36206708

RESUMO

An ultra-high NZVI-loaded PAN film (S-CPN) with a unique 3D honeycomb structure was designed based on the cryogel method of green solvent-induced pores and confinement of the spatially free conformation of films by anchoring carbon nanotubes (CNTs), supplemented sulfidation for removing hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)), and characterized by SEM, AFM, BET, XRD, XPS, and electrochemical corrosion. The doping amounts of the compounds for S-CPN synthesis were optimized to be 0.075 g CNTs, 0.25 g Na2S, and 0.3 M FeSO4. S-CPN possessed a 175.247 m2/g specific surface area, -0.365 V reduction potential, and 46.54 mg/g ultra-high NZVI-loading. S-CPN had the strong activity of Cr(VI) removal and tolerance to coexisting ions. The removal efficiency remained at 80 % after age for 30 days or 5 cycles. The pseudo-first-order kinetics and Langmuir model were more favorable to simulate the adsorption of Cr(VI) on S-CPN. The thermodynamics show that S-CPN removing Cr(VI) was a spontaneous exothermic reaction. The reasons for these excellent properties were that CNTs improve the film porosity and ultra-high NZVI-loading, and synergistic the FeSX layer to chelates-reduces Cr(VI). This was the first time that honeycomb film with 3D structure and potential applications in heavy metal removal was developed via an eco-friendly strategy.

5.
J Hazard Mater ; 442: 129913, 2023 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36152544

RESUMO

Hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) was activated by ultraviolet-A light-emitting diode (UVA-LED), resulting in efficient removal of various pollutants, including dye, pharmaceuticals, and pesticides, with pseudo-first-order rate constants of 0.0610-0.159 min-1. Comparatively, UVA-LED or Cr(VI) alone barely degraded selected pollutants. Both HO• and Cr(V) were produced in the UVA-LED/Cr(VI) system based on scavenging and probing experiments, UV-visible and electron spin resonance spectra analysis. HO• was demonstrated to be the dominant reactive species via stepwise regeneration of Cr(V) to Cr(VI). The quantum yield of HO• was determined to be 7.79 × 10-4 mol Es-1 at a Cr(VI) dosage of 0.5 mM and pH of 6.0. Additionally, the degradation efficiency of sulfamethoxazole (SMX) as a model compound decreased linearly as UVA-LED wavelengths increased from 365 to 405 nm, while SMX was barely degraded at visible light irradiation wavelength ranges (449-505 nm). SMX degradation efficiency increased from 71.0 % to 97.5 % as Cr(VI) dosage increased from 0.05 to 0.7 mM. pH displayed a negative impact on SMX degradation with its removal efficiency decreasing from 99.4 % to 13.3 % as pH increased from 3.0 to 9.0. This study first reported that HO• was generated via activation of Cr(VI) by UVA-LED, which is instructive for the removal of pollutants co-existed in chromium-containing wastewater.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Praguicidas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Radical Hidroxila , Águas Residuárias/química , Descontaminação , Oxirredução , Cromo/química , Sulfametoxazol/química , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química
6.
J Hazard Mater ; 441: 129885, 2023 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36115095

RESUMO

The hydroxylamine-enhanced Fe(II)/peracetic acid (PAA) process is a promising advanced oxidation process (AOP) with the generation of reactive species (RS) including RO•, •OH and Fe(IV). Nevertheless, it is still challenging to identify which RS is the major intermediate oxidant, and the reasons why the optimal condition is pH 4.5 rather than 3.0 are also unclear. Herein, the generation of RS and their contribution to the degradation of three micro-pollutants were explored. The quenching experiments and pseudo first-order kinetic model demonstrated that RO• rather than the other two RS were predominant. Then the overall generation and evolution pathways of RS were depicted. The elevation of pH (3.0-4.5) would accelerate the Fe(II)/Fe(III) redox cycle through the enhanced reduction of Fe(III) by hydroxylamine and induce the conversion of Fe(IV) to RO•, which benefited naproxen degradation. While the adverse Fe(III) precipitation would dominate the reduced degradation performance with the solution pH higher than 4.5. The elevation of PAA and Fe(II) dosages sped up the PAA activation, while excess hydroxylamine could consume the formed RS and exhibited an inhibitory effect. This study helps further understand the role of HA and differentiate the contribution of RS in the emerging PAA-based AOPs.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Compostos Férricos , Compostos Ferrosos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Hidroxilamina , Hidroxilaminas , Ferro , Naproxeno , Oxidantes , Oxirredução , Ácido Peracético
7.
World J Clin Cases ; 10(31): 11549-11554, 2022 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36387807

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ganglioneuromas are rare tumors of the sympathetic nervous system that originate from neural crest sympathogonia. Since the cervical spine has rarely been reported as a site for ganglioneuroma, we present a case report on this uncommon manifestation. CASE SUMMARY: A 34-year-old male presented with a 4-month history of progressive paralysis of both upper limbs along with an unsteady gait. The touch sensitivity of both hands was reduced, and there was conspicuously high muscle tonus in his upper and lower limbs, along with hyperactive physiological reflection and deep reflexes. Magnetic resonance imaging showed several nodules around the C2-7 intervertebral foramena, among which the masses lying between C1 and C2 were obviously bilaterally compressing the spinal cord. Successful posterior decompression was performed without fixation and the tumors in the upper cervical spine were removed intact, with rapid relief of symptoms. The pathological diagnosis was ganglioneuroma. CONCLUSION: Multiple and bilateral ganglioneuroams are a rare occurrence in the cervical spine. In this case report, timely resection of the neoplasms around C1 and C2 resulted in spinal cord decompression, with rapid relief of symptoms and a good prognosis. Including the current case, we are aware of only seven such cases in the literature, of which four arose from Japan, one from China, and one from Spain. We suppose that ethnicity and geographic associations with this rare disease presentation may be an aspect for future consideration and investigation.

8.
Front Neurosci ; 16: 929646, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36389220

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effect of self-management behavior on the rehabilitation of stroke patients to lay a theoretical basis for using patient-reported outcome (PRO) for rehabilitation evaluation of stroke patients. Materials and methods: 396 patients hospitalized in the Department of Neurology of 4 tertiary general hospitals in Datong from August 1st 2018 to March 31st 2020 were included in accordance with the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The included patients were randomly assigned into a self-management intervention group and a control group. Only the control group received the clinical pathway intervention of stroke rehabilitation. The stroke patients in the intervention group received the self-management intervention in addition to the clinical pathway intervention of stroke rehabilitation. The self-management status and rehabilitation results of the patients were evaluated in 24 h and 3 months after the patients were enrolled, respectively. Statistical description and analysis were conducted using SPSS20.0 statistical software. The general data of the patients were expressed by percentage. The data regarding patients' self-management and rehabilitation results were statistically described by percentage, mean and standard deviation. The comparison between groups was drawn through t-test and analysis of variance. Bonferroni method was used for multiple comparison correction. The correlation between rehabilitation results and patients' basic conditions and self-management was investigated through Pearson correlation analysis. The main factors for self-management behaviors were studied through multiple stepwise regression analyses. Results: The total scores of self-management behaviors of the investigated subjects achieved statistical significance in different ages, occupations, educational levels, income levels, exercise intervention, past medical history, BMI, as well as marital status (P < 0.01). In this study, there was no statistical difference in different genders and medical insurance status (P > 0.05). The total scores of self-management behaviors and the scores of the respective dimension were positively correlated with the health education, exercise intervention, functional training, psychological intervention, food intake, living habits, and functional training of stroke patients at the recovery stage. Educational level and marital status were positively correlated with the rehabilitation results of patients. The PRO questionnaire for the stroke scored higher in married patients and highly educated patients, and there were statistically significant differences (P < 0.01). Family history was negatively correlated with the rehabilitation results of patients. Exercise intervention and functional training were positively correlated with the rehabilitation results of patients. Conclusion: Education level, health education, food intake, exercise and rehabilitation training, sleep, and psychological intervention were the main factors for self-management behavior in stroke patients at the recovery stage. Self-management interventions can effectively increase the health education level of stroke patients, strengthen their self-confidence in disease self-management, facilitate the establishment of effective self-management behavior of patients, and improve their quality of life and subjective well-being. Stroke PRO scale can be used to evaluate the clinical intervention effect of self-management on stroke patients in multiple dimensions, especially evaluating the improvement of subjective mental and psychological state of patients, thus revealing the intervention effect of self-management on stroke patients comprehensively.

9.
Front Surg ; 9: 421815, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36386519

RESUMO

Purpose: To provide reference data on CBT pedicle screws from CT measurements of L1 to L5 in the Chinese Han population and to assess the treatment efficacy of CBT pedicle screws in cases of lumbar degenerative disease. Methods: In total, 100 patients were identified from the CT database for CBT morphometric measurement of the lumbar spine. According to sex and age, patients were divided into four groups. The diameter, length, and angle of the vertebral pedicle and trajectory were measured. Then, a total of 36 patients with lumbar degenerative disease were included in this study for clinical and radiographic evaluation. Demographic characteristics, health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and extent of intervertebral disc herniation and spondylolisthesis were evaluated. Results: The mean diameter and the mean length varied from L1 to L5 in Groups I to IV. The lateral angles ranging from L1 to L5 were 8.9 to 9.2°, 8.7 to 12.2°, 8.7 to 11.2°, and 9.2 to 10.1° in Groups I to IV, respectively. The cephalad angles from L1 to L5 were 23.5 to 28.6°, 24.7 to 26.6°, 25.0 to 28.2°, and 24.7 to 27.9° in Groups I to IV, respectively. In the case series, all patients' neurological function and HRQOL were significantly improved at the final follow-up (p < 0.0001), and 75% of patients achieved satisfaction. Conclusions: The morphology of the lumbar vertebral pedicle varied from L1 to L5, and the trajectory was feasible and safe. CBT pedicle screws were effective in treating lumbar degenerative diseases and benefited the patients.

10.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 22(1): 493, 2022 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36404303

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Drug-coated balloon (DCB) is a novel and effective device for coronary artery disease patients with in-stent restenosis (ISR). However, the incidence and possible influencing factors associated with binary restenosis have not yet been adequately assessed. METHODS: The data are extracted from a prospective, multicenter, randomized controlled trial. A total of 211 patients with ISR were enrolled at 13 centers from August 2017 to October 2018 and treated with DCB. At the 9-month coronary angiographic follow-up, patients were divided into restenosis and non-restenosis groups, and demographic data, lesion features, and laboratory tests were retrospectively reviewed. Furthermore, logistic regression analysis was used to identify possible influencing factors. RESULTS: All patients successfully underwent treatment, and 166 patients with 190 lesions took part in angiography follow-ups at 9 months. Of these, 41 patients with 44 target lesions developed restenosis following treatment, and the incidence of ISR was 24.7%. There were significant differences in the average length of target lesions and the number of multivessel lesions and fasting plasma glucose (FBG) between the two groups (p < 0.05). Demographic data, cardiac risk factors, left ventricular ejection fractions (LVEF), blood routine tests, biochemical tests, and other features of devices and lesions showed no difference. Logistic regression analyses showed that FBG > 6.1 mmol/L (OR: 7.185 95% CI: 2.939-17.567 P < 0.001) and length of lesion (OR:1.046 95% CI: 1.001-1.093 P = 0.046) were associated risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: The longer length of lesions, more target lesions and FBG > 6.1 mmol/L per individual may be characteristics of patients showing ISR following treatment. Studies with larger sample size, and more complete follow-up data are needed in the future to expend on these findings. TRIAL REGISTRATION: No.: NCT04213378, first posted date (30/12/2019).


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão , Reestenose Coronária , Humanos , Reestenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Reestenose Coronária/epidemiologia , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Incidência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos Prospectivos , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Constrição Patológica/complicações
11.
Appl Intell (Dordr) ; : 1-15, 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36405344

RESUMO

Molecular property prediction is an essential but challenging task in drug discovery. The recurrent neural network (RNN) and Transformer are the mainstream methods for sequence modeling, and both have been successfully applied independently for molecular property prediction. As the local information and global information of molecules are very important for molecular properties, we aim to integrate the bi-directional gated recurrent unit (BiGRU) into the original Transformer encoder, together with self-attention to better capture local and global molecular information simultaneously. To this end, we propose the TranGRU approach, which encodes the local and global information of molecules by using the BiGRU and self-attention, respectively. Then, we use a gate mechanism to reasonably fuse the two molecular representations. In this way, we enhance the ability of the proposed model to encode both local and global molecular information. Compared to the baselines and state-of-the-art methods when treating each task as a single-task classification on Tox21, the proposed approach outperforms the baselines on 9 out of 12 tasks and state-of-the-art methods on 5 out of 12 tasks. TranGRU also obtains the best ROC-AUC scores on BBBP, FDA, LogP, and Tox21 (multitask classification) and has a comparable performance on ToxCast, BACE, and ecoli. On the whole, TranGRU achieves better performance for molecular property prediction. The source code is available in GitHub: https://github.com/Jiangjing0122/TranGRU.

12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(45): e31485, 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36397348

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Surgery for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and concomitant severe coronary artery disease (CAD) is usually managed in a staged procedure. The anesthesia for concurrent surgery is rare and complex. In this report, we present an unusual case of undergoing simultaneous open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). PATIENT CONCERNS: A 70-year-old male AAA patient with concurrent triple-vessel CAD underwent a simultaneous surgery. DIAGNOSIS: The patient underwent computed tomography angiography (CTA) and coronary angiography. He was diagnosed with AAA and triple-vessel CAD. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent simultaneous surgery. OUTCOMES: The patient underwent anesthesia and surgery smoothly and was discharged on the 13th postoperative day. LESSONS: The anesthetic management of simultaneous open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair and coronary artery bypass grafting is rare and complicated. Reasonable operation and anesthesia protocols, close monitoring and management of hemodynamic changes, and appropriate cell salvage and hemostasis measures are of great significance to increase perioperative safety and reduce the risk of postoperative complications.


Assuntos
Anestésicos , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Masculino , Humanos , Idoso , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/complicações , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Angiografia Coronária
13.
Nanoscale Horiz ; 2022 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36408584

RESUMO

In this work, we successfully develop a binder-free phosphorus-engineered perovskite-based catalyst grown on nickel foam via a hydrothermal-phosphorization strategy. For the first time, an as-synthesized perovskite-based nickel phosphide catalyst exhibits excellent electrocatalytic oxidation (ECO) performance for biomass valorization to supersede the competitive oxygen evolution reaction (OER).

14.
J Fish Biol ; 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36317644

RESUMO

Hybridization is one of the primary methods used to cultivate farmed grouper species. The hybrid grouper derived from crossing Epinephelus fuscoguttatus (♀) and E. polyphekadion (♂) exhibits growth superiority over its parents. The genetic characteristics and growth patterns of the hybrid grouper have not yet been defined. This study confirms the ploidy level of the hybrid grouper (2n = 48) using chromosome count analysis and flow cytometry. The 5S rDNA family was used to evaluate genetic diversity. Only one 5S class (~400 bp) was detected in the hybrid grouper, which could be used to distinguish between two different types based on nucleotide sequences, likely representing homologous unit classes from the female and male parental species. Growth patterns of 5-8-month-old hybrid groupers were also monitored. In this phase, a positive allometric growth pattern in body mass with total length was found. Body height and body mass were significantly correlated based on correlation and path coefficient, suggesting that body height could serve as an excellent index to increase body mass. These results aid our understanding of the genetic evolution of the hybrid grouper and inform the development of improved rearing techniques.

15.
J Med Internet Res ; 24(11): e40059, 2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36413385

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) can improve the symptoms and psychological well-being of patients with breast cancer. However, standard MBIs are an 8-week program delivered face-to-face, which may be inconvenient for patients with cancer. Many attempts have been made to adapt MBIs to increase their accessibility for patients with cancer while maintaining their therapeutic components and efficacy. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a 4-week internet-delivered mindfulness-based cancer recovery (iMBCR) program in reducing symptom burden and enhancing the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with breast cancer. METHODS: A total of 103 postoperative patients with breast cancer (stages 0 to IV) were randomly assigned to an iMBCR group (4-week iMBCR; n=51, 49.5%) or a control group (usual care and 4-week program of health education information; n=52, 50.5%). The study outcomes included symptom burden and HRQoL, as measured by the MD Anderson Symptom Inventory and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast scale. All data were collected at baseline (T0), after the intervention (T1), and at 1-month follow-up (T2). Data analysis followed the intention-to-treat principle. Linear mixed models were used to assess the effects over time of the iMBCR program. RESULTS: Participants in the iMBCR group had significantly larger decreases in symptom burden than those in the control group at T1 (mean difference -11.67, 95% CI -16.99 to -6.36), and the decreases were maintained at T2 (mean difference -11.83, 95% CI -18.19 to -5.46). The HRQoL score in the iMBCR group had significantly larger improvements than that in the control group at T1 and T2 (mean difference 6.66, 95% CI 3.43-9.90 and mean difference 11.94, 95% CI 7.56-16.32, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Our preliminary findings suggest that the iMBCR program effectively improved the symptom burden and HRQoL of patients with breast cancer, and the participants in the iMBCR group demonstrated good adherence and completion rates. These results indicate that the iMBCR intervention might be a promising way to reduce symptom burden and improve HRQoL of patients with cancer. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ChiCTR2000038980; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=62659.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Atenção Plena , Humanos , Feminino , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Atenção Plena/métodos , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Internet
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36417065

RESUMO

Sand filters (SFs) are common treatment processes for nitrogen pollutant removal in drinking water treatment plants (DWTPs). However, the mechanisms on the nitrogen-cycling role of SFs are still unclear. In this study, 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing was used to characterise the diversity and composition of the bacterial community in SFs from DWTPs. Additionally, metagenomics approach was used to determine the functional microorganisms involved in nitrogen cycle in SFs. Our results showed that Pseudomonadota, Acidobacteria, Nitrospirae and Chloroflexi dominated in SFs. Subsequently, 85 high-quality metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs) were retrieved from metagenome datasets of selected SFs involving nitrification, assimilatory nitrogen reduction, denitrification and anaerobic ammonia oxidation (anammox) processes. Read mapping to reference genomes of Nitrospira and the phylogenetic tree of the ammonia monooxygenase subunit A gene, amoA, suggested that Nitrospira is abundantly found in SFs. Furthermore, according to their genetic content, a nitrogen metabolic model in SFs was proposed using representative MAGs and pure culture isolate. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) showed that ammonia-oxidising bacteria (AOB) and archaea (AOA), and complete ammonia oxidisers (comammox) were ubiquitous in the SFs, with the abundance of comammox being higher than that of AOA and AOB. Moreover, we identified a bacterial strain with a high NO3-N removal rate as Pseudomonas sp. DW-5, which could be applied in the bioremediation of micro-polluted drinking water sources. Our study provides insights into functional nitrogen-metabolising microbes in SFs of DWTPs.

17.
Exp Mol Med ; 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36380018

RESUMO

The mitochondrial unfolded protein response (UPRmt) is a mitochondrial-to-nuclear signaling pathway that is activated to maintain mitochondrial function when there is an accumulation of misfolded proteins within mitochondria. Mitochondrial function is essential for chondrocyte homeostasis, and mitochondrial dysfunction is a characteristic of osteoarthritis (OA). However, the role of the UPRmt in OA remains unclear. In the present study, the level of the UPRmt was examined in primary mouse chondrocytes subjected to different stresses and in the articular cartilage of OA model mice and OA patients. The relationship between UPRmt activation and OA progression was studied. The UPRmt was induced in primary mouse chondrocytes subjected to diverse stresses and in the cartilage of OA mice. Enhancement of the UPRmt with nicotinamide riboside (NR) significantly improved mitochondrial function, reduced chondrocyte death, attenuated OA pain, and ameliorated OA progression, and the protective effects decreased significantly in chondrocyte-specific Atf5 knockout (ATF5f/fCol2a1-CreERT2) mice. UPRmt induction was also identified in the articular cartilage of OA patients and was associated with reduced chondrocyte death, less severe hip pain, and lower levels of inflammation in synovial fluid. These findings identify the induction of the UPRmt in primary mouse chondrocytes exposed to pathological stresses and in the articular cartilage of OA model mice and OA patients. Enhancement of the UPRmt ameliorates OA progression, suggesting that the UPRmt exerts a protective effect against OA and may be a potential diagnostic and therapeutic strategy for OA.

18.
Radiother Oncol ; 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36375564

RESUMO

AIM: Level Ib lymph nodes metastasis is rare in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). We aimed to evaluate the feasibility of sparing level Ib-irradiation in NPC patients with high-risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four hundred forty-three NPC patients with radiologic extranodal extension (rENE) or level II lymph node maximal axial diameter (MAD) ≥20 mm treated by intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) between 2009 and 2012 were included in this study. Propensity score matching (PSM) was applied to balance potential prognostic factors (including age, sex, T and N stage, pretreatment EBV DNA level, and level II rENE and MAD) between patients who received and omitted level Ib irradiation. Kaplan-Meier analysis and the log-rank test were used to compare regional survival outcomes. RESULTS: PSM resulted in 169 matched pairs of eligible patients. The median follow-up period was 119 months in the matched cohort. The number of level Ib failure in the level Ib-sparing and level-Ib irradiation groups were 3/169 (1.8%) vs 2/169 (1.2%), P>0.999. And the 5-year regional relapse-free survival (RRFS) rates of the two groups were 88.4% vs 92.6%, respectively. After PSM, RRFS (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.508, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.762-2.986, P=0.239), OS (HR: 1.219, 95% CI: 0.754-1.972, P=0.418), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) (HR: 1.605, 95% CI: 0.900-2.863, P=0.109), and local relapse-free (LRFS) (HR: 0.956, 95% CI: 0.436-2.095, P=0.910) were similar in the two arms. The incidence of grade ≥1 dry mouth after 5 years was higher in the level Ib-irradiation group (27.5% vs. 16.5%, P=0.029). However, the incidences of grade 3-4 late toxicities were similar between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Neck level Ib-sparing appears to be safe and feasible in NPC patients with rENE or level II MAD ≥20 mm and negative level Ib lymph nodes. Compared with cervical level Ib-irradiation, omission of irradiation to level Ib provides less dry mouth symptom.

19.
Semin Cell Dev Biol ; 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36376195

RESUMO

Uncontrolled pathogenic genome mutations in germline cells might impair adult fertility, lead to birth defects or even affect the adaptability of a species. Understanding the sources of DNA damage, as well as the features of damage response in germline cells are the overarching tasks to reduce the mutations in germline cells. With the accumulation of human genome data and genetic reports, genome variants formed in germline cells are being extensively explored. However, the sources of DNA damage, the damage repair mechanisms, and the effects of DNA damage or mutations on the development of germline cells are still unclear. Besides exogenous triggers of DNA damage such as irradiation and genotoxic chemicals, endogenous exposure to inflammation may also contribute to the genome instability of germline cells. In this review, we summarized the features of de novo mutations and the specific DNA damage responses in germline cells and explored the possible roles of inflammation on the genome stability of germline cells.

20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(44): e31624, 2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36343069

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Safety and efficacy were assessed of different S(+)-ketamine doses combined with propofol administered as anesthesia to common pediatric congenital heart disease (CHD) patients undergoing cardiac interventional surgery to provide reference data as guidance for use in clinical settings. METHODS: Sixty CHD children admitted to Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University from December 2020 to December 2021 who underwent elective cardiac intervention were assigned to 3 groups (H, L, M, 20 patients/group) using a random number table-based method. Patients received 1% propofol (2 mg/kg) and intravenous injections of S(+)-ketamine (Group L, 0.4 mg/kg; Group M, 0.5 mg/kg; Group H, 0.6 mg/kg) followed by intravenous pumping of 1% propofol (4-6 mg/kg/h). Heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure, and pulse oxygen saturation were recorded preoperatively (T0), at the time of anesthesia maintenance (T1), at the time of arteriovenous puncture (T2), and when they awakened (T3). Additionally, propofol dose and incidence rates of intraoperative body movement, postoperative agitation, and postoperative nausea/vomiting were recorded. RESULTS: For the 3 groups, Group H awakening time was significantly longer than that of Group L (P = .039). Notably, intergroup intraoperative propofol times differed significantly (P = .009). Meanwhile, T0 to T3 intragroup HR values differences were significant (P = .017; P = .001; P = .005, respectively). Group L HR was significantly elevated at T2 relative to T0 (P = .003), Group M HR was significantly elevated at T1 and T2 relative to T0 (P = .019; P = .003, respectively), and Group H HR values were significantly elevated at T1 and T2 relative to T0 (P = .012; P = .005, respectively). At all 4 time points no statistically significant intergroup differences in mean arterial pressure values were observed (P = .587). T1 to T3 pulse oxygen saturation values for all 3 groups were significantly greater than corresponding T0 values. Although intergroup intraoperative body movement incidence differed significantly (P = .044), intergroup differences in awakening time agitation and postoperative nausea/vomiting incidence rates were insignificant (P = .732, P = .887, respectively). CONCLUSION: Use of 0.6 mg/kg S(+)-ketamine with propofol was most effective as anesthesia for common pediatric CHD patients undergoing cardiac interventional surgery.


Assuntos
Anestesia , Cardiopatias Congênitas , Ketamina , Propofol , Humanos , Criança , Propofol/efeitos adversos , Ketamina/uso terapêutico , Náusea e Vômito Pós-Operatórios , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia
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