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1.
Parasitol Res ; 2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34219189

RESUMO

Toxoplasma gondii can cross the blood-brain barrier and infect different regions of the brain including the hippocampus. In the present study, we examined the impact of Toxoplasma gondii infection on the metabolism of the hippocampus of female BALB/c mice compared to control mice using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Multivariate analysis revealed significant differences between infected and control hippocampi and identified 25, 82, and 105 differential metabolites (DMs) in the infected hippocampi at 7, 14, and 21 days post-infection (dpi), respectively. One DM (sphingosyl-phosphocholine in the sphingolipid metabolism pathway) and 11 dysregulated pathways were detected at all time points post-infection, suggesting their important roles in the neuropathogenesis of T. gondii infection. These pathways were related to neural activity, such as inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, retrograde endocannabinoid signaling, and arachidonic acid metabolism. Weighted correlation network analysis and receiver operating characteristic analysis identified 33 metabolites significantly associated with T. gondii infection in the hippocampus, and 30 of these were deemed as potential biomarkers for T. gondii infection. This study provides, for the first time, a global view of the metabolic perturbations that occur in the mouse hippocampus during T. gondii infection. The potential relevance of the identified metabolites and pathways to the pathogenesis of cognitive impairment and psychiatric disorders are discussed.

2.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 172: 578-589, 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34242792

RESUMO

Acetaminophen (APAP) is the leading cause of acute liver failure (ALF), which is characterized by GSH depletion, oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction. However, the specific mechanism of APAP-induced ALF remains to be clarified. In this study, we demonstrated that indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) aggravated APAP-induced ALF associated with excess lipid peroxidation, which was reversed by lipid peroxidation inhibitor (ferrostatin-1). Meanwhile, IDO1 deficiency effectively decreased the accumulation of reactive nitrogen species. Additionally, IDO1 deficiency prevented against APAP-induced liver injury through suppressing the activation of macrophages, thereby reduced their iron uptake and export, eventually reduced iron accumulation in hepatocytes through transferrin and transferrin receptor axis. In summary, our study confirmed that APAP-induced IDO1 aggravated ALF by triggering excess oxidative and nitrative stress and iron accumulation in liver. These results offer new insights for the clinical treatment of ALF or iron-dysregulated liver diseases in the future.

3.
Plant Signal Behav ; : 1949147, 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34288829

RESUMO

There are about 4-6 slips on a fruit, and they are good materials for effective regeneration of Ananas comosus var. bracteatus. Adventitious root (AR) induction is essential for the propagation of Ananas comosus var. bracteatus slips. Growth regulator treatment, and culture medium are imperative factors that affect slip growth and rooting. In order to screen the optimal methods for slips rooting and reveal the anatomic procedure of slip rooting, this study induced slip rooting by different treatment of growth regulator, culture medium, observed the slip stem structure, AR origination and formation procedure through paraffin sections. The results showed that, slip cuttings treated with 100 mg/L of Aminobenzotriazole (ABT) for 6 hrs, cultured in river sand: coconut chaff: garden soil 2:2:1 medium is the optimal method for rooting. The proper supplementary of ABT can enhance the soluble sugar content, soluble protein content, polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity and peroxidase (POD) enzyme activity, which resulted in the improvement of rooting. The slip stem structure is quite different from other monocots, which consists of epidermis, cortex, and stele with vascular tissues distributed in the cortex and stele. The AR primordia originates from the parenchyma cells located on the borderline between the cortex and stele. The vascular tissues in the AR develop and are connected with vascular tissue of the stem before the AR grew out the stem. The number of primary xylem poles in AR is about 30.

4.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 43(3): 343-349, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238409

RESUMO

Objective To explore the association between contrast-enhanced ultrasound and risk of tumor recurrence in papillary thyroid carcinoma(PTC). Methods A total of 287 PTCs in 287 patients who underwent surgery,conventional ultrasound,and contrast-enhanced ultrasound(CEUS)were enrolled in this study.According to 2015 American Thyroid Association(ATA)Modified Initial Risk Stratification System,the patients were categorized into three groups:low risk,intermediate risk,and high risk.The CEUS patterns of PTCs were compared between different risk stratifications. Results Hypo-enhancement was presented in 57.6% of ATA low-risk PTCs,iso-enhancement in 62.3% of ATA intermediate-risk PTCs,and hyper-enhancement in 48.2% of ATA high-risk PTCs(P<0.0001).The risk stratifications and enhanced intensity in PTC showcased a positive correlation(Spearman's rho of 0.442,P<0.0001)and a linear trend(χ 2 value of 55.921,P<0.0001).Higher enhancement intensity corresponded to higher risk stratification.Ordinal logistic regression analysis indicated that PTCs with hyper-enhancement and iso-enhancement presented higher risks than those with hypo-enhancement after age and gender were adjusted,and theOR values were 17.5(8.4-36.2)and 3.4(2.0-5.8),respectively. Conclusions CEUS patterns correlate intimately with the recurrence risk in PTC.Hyper-enhancement PTCs tend to present high risks,while hypo-enhancement PTCs tend to present low risks of recurrence.


Assuntos
Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia
5.
J Int Med Res ; 49(7): 3000605211028140, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229519

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Hyperuricaemia is common in Bai individuals; however, its prevalence remains unclear. This work aimed to investigate high-altitude hyperuricaemia prevalence and risk factors in Bai individuals. METHODS: All eligible participants of Bai ethnicity (aged ≥18 years and undergoing routine medical examination at the People's Hospital of Jianchuan County between January and December 2019) were consecutively enrolled. Demographic and laboratory data were collected to investigate hyperuricaemia prevalence and associated risk factors. RESULTS: A total of 1393 participants were assessed, comprising 345 (24.8%) with hyperuricaemia showing a male predominance (287/865 [33.2%] males versus 58/528 [11.0%] females). Hyperuricaemia prevalence was significantly higher in participants aged ≥50 years (100/332 [30.1%]) versus those aged 30-40 years (59/308 [19.2%]), and in overweight/obese individuals compared with those showing an underweight or normal body mass index (BMI; 267/885 [30.2%] versus 78/508 [15.4%]). Finally, haemoglobin concentrations and serum uric acid levels were positively correlated. CONCLUSION: Besides traditional risk factors, including age, sex and BMI, polycythaemia due to prolonged exposure to high altitude may also cause hyperuricaemia in Bai individuals residing in Yunnan Province.


Assuntos
Hiperuricemia , Adolescente , Adulto , Altitude , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Ácido Úrico
6.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 15(7): e0009443, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34237061

RESUMO

Echinococcosis is a serious zoonotic parasitic disease transmitted from canines to humans and livestock. Periodic deworming is recommended by the WHO/OIE as a highly effective measure against echinococcosis. However, manual deworming involves significant challenges, particularly in remote areas with scarce resources. The insufficient awareness delivering praziquantel (PZQ) baits for dogs leads to low compliance rate. The aim of this study was therefore to develop a novel smart collar for dogs to address these challenges. We developed a smart Internet of Things (IoT)-based deworming collar which can deliver PZQ baits for dogs automatically, regularly, quantitatively with predominant characteristics of being waterproof, anti-collision, cold-proof and long life battery. Its performance was tested in two remote locations on the Tibetan Plateau. A cross-sectional survey was conducted to evaluate the compliance of the dog owners. Further, a randomized controlled study was performed to evaluate the difference between smart-collar deworming and manual deworming. The collar's effectiveness was further assessed on the basis of Generalized Estimation Equations (GEE). The testing and evaluation was done for 10 smart deworming collars in factory laboratory, 18 collars attached for 18 dogs in Seni district, Tibet Autonomous Region, China, and 523 collars attached for 523 dogs in Hezuo city, Gansu province, China. The anti-collision, waterproof, and coldproof proportion of the smart collars were 100.0%, 99.5%, and 100.0%, respectively. When compared to manual deworming, the dogs' risk of infection with Echinococcus on smart-collar deworming is down to 0.182 times (95% CI: 0.049, 0.684) in Seni district and 0.355 (95%CI: 0.178, 0.706) in Hezuo city, the smart collar has a significant protective effect. The owners' overall compliance rate to attach the smart collars for their dogs was 89%. The smart deworming collar could effectively reduce the dogs' risk of infection with Echinococcus in dogs, significantly increase the deworming frequency and coverage and rapidly remove worm biomass in dogs. Thus, it may be a promising alternative to manual deworming, particularly in remote areas on the Tibetan Plateau.

7.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 46(6): 628-636, 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275932

RESUMO

The long intergic non-protein coding RNA 460 (LINC00460) is abnormally highly expressed in gastrointestinal tumors and plays an important role in promoting tumor formation and development. LINC00460 is mainly distributed in cytoplasm and has many abnormal gene variants of single nucleotide polymorphism in tumors. LINC00460 can promote the proliferation, metastasis, angiogenesis, radiotherapy and chemotherapy resistance, inhibit the apoptosis of tumor cells, and further promote the malignant progression of tumors via involving in chromatin state maintenance, methylation modification, endogenous competition and transcriptional regulation. It may serve as a valuable tumor marker and therapeutic target.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gastrointestinais , RNA Longo não Codificante , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Prognóstico , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34287748

RESUMO

Takayasu arteritis (TA) is a chronic, idiopathic, granulomatous large vessel vasculitis of unknown etiology. The clinical manifestations of TA are incredibly variable, mainly depending on the location of the lesions. In the light of its insidious progress and the diversity of clinical manifestations, a substantial proportion of patients might experience a considerable delay in diagnosis, which leads to irreversible malignant complications, highlighting the importance of early diagnosis. There has been accumulating evidence that early identification of disease is pivotal to initiate timely therapy and ameliorate the prognosis. Therefore, this review discusses and summarizes the latest evidence on the application progress of multiple imaging modalities.

9.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 14653, 2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34282246

RESUMO

Chronic disease, mental health symptoms and poor social relations are reported common causes for poor self-rated health in older people. To assess the co-occurrence rate of chronic diseases, poor mental health and poor social relationships in older people, and determine their association with self-rated health. 6,551 older people in Zhongshan, China, participated a large health surveillance program were randomly selected and questioned about their SRH, chronic conditions, mental health symptoms and social relationships. The association between self-rated health and chronic conditions, poor mental health, social relationships, and their co-occurrence were analyzed. 56.4% of participants reported poor self-rated health. 39.1% experienced at least one chronic disease. 29.0% experienced one or more mental health symptoms; 19.5% experienced at least one poor social relationship. 7.8% had co-occurrence of chronic diseases, mental health problems, and poor social relationships. Logistic regressions showed that poor self-rated health was associated with chronic diseases, poor mental health, poor social relationships and their co-occurrence. The findings indicate the importance of managing chronic disease, poor mental health and poor social relationships for older people.

10.
Zoology (Jena) ; 147: 125942, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34198203

RESUMO

Scientists have spent great efforts exploring self-recognition in non-human animals using the mirror test. In avian species, some of the passerines have passed the test, although the findings are still under debate. The present study aimed at investigating mirror self-recognition ability and making a comparative study of mirror responses in two avian species, the common hill myna from the Passeriformes and the African grey parrot from the Psittaciformes. The subjects underwent four stages of experiment: habituation, baseline, mirror exposure and mark test. Our subjects spent significantly longer time in gazing into the mirror than the plexiglass as control. We also found they significantly increased the durations of grooming behaviour when presented with the mirror. No species difference was detected in the above two behaviours. However, the African grey parrots were more likely to approach the mirror than the common hill mynas, indicating their different ways of mirror exploration. All subjects failed to pass the mark test. In this study, we found no evidence of mirror self-recognition in the common hill myna and the African grey parrot.

11.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(14)2021 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34300789

RESUMO

Mechanical anisotropy behaviors are investigated in slightly rolled Inconel718 alloy with string-like δ phase and carbides produced during various solid-solution and aging treatments. A weak anisotropy in the strengths and rupture properties at 650 °C is visible, whereas ductility, i.e., reduction in area (RA) and impact toughness (CVN), presents a sound anisotropy behavior. MC carbides promote the operation of slip systems and thus are conducive to weakening the strength anisotropy. The RA anisotropy mainly stems from high-density δ phase particles that provide more crack nucleation sites and stimulate rapid propagation because of the shorter bridge distance between micro-cracks at the rolling direction. In contrast, CVN anisotropy arises from both δ phase and carbides at a lower solid-solution temperature of 940 °C but only depends on carbides at 980 °C where the δ phase fully dissolves. Apart from dislocation motions operated at room temperature, the activated grain boundary processes are responsible for the weak anisotropy of rupture properties at the elevated temperature. This work provides a guideline for technological applications in the hot working processes for Inconel718 alloys.

12.
Thorac Cancer ; 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34242487

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Paraneoplastic syndrome is a distant effect caused by malignant tumors, which is related to the production of cellular immune response. The nervous system is the most common involved system of paraneoplastic syndrome. It is easy to be misdiagnosed. Lung cancer is the most common cancer relating to paraneoplastic neurological syndrome (PNS). METHOD: This study retrospectively analyzed clinical data of patients with the combination of PNS and lung cancer between January 2005 and March 2021 at Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, China. RESULTS: A total of 111 patients were diagnosed with lung cancer complicated with PNS. A total of 95 (85.6%) cases had neurological symptoms as the first symptom. Sixty-three cases had the pathological results. A total of 43 (68.3%) of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) were diagnosed. PNS patients diagnosed with SCLC included peripheral neuropathy (15 cases, 34.9%). PNS patients diagnosed with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) included peripheral neuropathy (6 cases, 30%) and limbic encephalitis (6 cases, 30%). Anti-Hu is popular in patients with SCLC (12 cases, 42.9%) and NSCLC (6 cases, 40%). CONCLUSIONS: Most patients with PNS had neurological symptoms as the first symptom. It was more common in males. It had a higher incidence in SCLC. Peripheral neuropathy was the most common PNS associated with SCLC, followed by Lambert-Eaton syndrome. Peripheral neuropathy and limbic encephalitis were the most common PNS associated with NSCLC. Anti-Hu is the most common antibodies both in SCLC and NSCLC. Tumor markers do not have significant difference between different pathological types.

13.
J Hum Hypertens ; 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34244593

RESUMO

Previous studies have shown that the correlation between the abdominal skinfold thickness (AST) and hypertension is better than that observed using the body mass index (BMI) or waist-to-height ratio (WHtR). We aimed to explore the optimal cutoff of the AST to predict childhood hypertension. The AST percentiles were calculated based on 215,223 students from the Chinese National Survey on Students' Constitution and Health (CNSSCH) in 2010 using the LMS method. Logistic regression model and Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to evaluate the optimal cutoff of the AST to predict hypertension based on a sample of 683 children aged 8-15 years. The prevalence of hypertension was 5.71% (5.45% in boys and 6.01% in girls). The area under the ROC curve [AUC (95% CI)] values of the BMI, WHtR and AST to predict hypertension were 0.62 (0.47-0.77), 0.61 (0.45-0.76), and 0.67 (0.54-0.80) in boys and 0.59 (0.46-0.71), 0.65 (0.50-0.80), and 0.70 (0.57-0.83) in girls, respectively. The AUC value at P85 of AST in boys and that at P90 of AST in girls to predict hypertension were higher than other percentile values of AST. The OR (95% CI) values of the optimal cutoff of the AST associated with hypertension were 2.90 (1.17-7.20) and 4.91 (1.81-13.31) in boys and girls, respectively, and were higher than those associated with overweight/obesity (based on BMI) and abdominal obesity (based on WHtR).The AST was more effectively associated with hypertension than the BMI and WHtR, and the optimal cutoff to predict hypertension was at P85 for boys and P90 for girls.

14.
Transl Behav Med ; 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34244787

RESUMO

More than one third of adults in the United States (U.S.) live with multiple chronic conditions that affect their physical and mental health, functional outcomes, independence, and mortality. The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed not only an increased risk for infection, morbidity, and mortality among those with chronic conditions but long-standing health inequities by age, race, sex, and other social determinants. Obesity plus depression represent one such prevalent comorbidity for which few effective integrated interventions exist, prompting concern about the potential for secondary physical and mental health pandemics post COVID-19. Translational behavioral medicine research can play an important role in studying integrated collaborative healthcare approaches and advancing scientific understanding on how to engage and more effectively treat diverse populations with physical and mental health comorbidities. The RAINBOW (Research Aimed at Improving Both Mood and Weight) clinical trial experience offers a wealth of insights into the potential of collaborative care interventions to advance behavior therapy research and practice. Primary care patients with co-occurring obesity and depression were assigned to either Integrated Coaching for Mood and Weight (I-CARE), which blended Group Lifestyle Balance (GLB) for weight management and the Program to Encourage Active Rewarding Lives (PEARLS) for depression, or usual care, to examine clinical, cost-effectiveness, and implementation outcomes. This commentary highlights the empirical findings of eight RAINBOW research papers and discusses implications for future studies, including their relevance in the U.S. COVID-19 context. Organized by key principles of translational behavioral medicine research, the commentary aims to examine and embrace the heterogeneity of baseline and intervention response differences among those living with multiple chronic conditions. We conclude that to prevent health and healthcare disparities from widening further, tailored engagement, dissemination, and implementation strategies and flexible delivery formats are essential to improve treatment access and outcomes among underrepresented populations.

15.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34319084

RESUMO

Membrane distillation (MD) is a promising technology for treating the concentrated seawater discharged from the desalination process. Interconnected porous membranes, fabricated by additive manufacturing, have received significant attention for MD technology because of their excellent permeability. However, their poor hydrophobic durability induced by the deformation of pores constrains their water desalination performance. Herein, an in situ three-dimensional (3D) welding approach involving emulsion electrospinning is reported for fabricating robust nanofibrous membranes. The reported method is simple and effective for welding nanofibers at their intersections, and the reinforced membrane pores are uniform in the 3D space. The results show that the in situ 3D welded nanofibrous membrane, with a stability of 170 h and water recovery of 76.9%, exhibits better desalination performance than the nonwelded (superhydrophobic) nanofibrous membrane and the postwelded (superhydrophobic) nanofibrous membrane. Furthermore, the stability mechanism of the in situ 3D welded nanofibrous membrane and the two different wetting mechanisms of the nonwelded and postwelded nanofibrous membranes were investigated in the current work. More significantly, the in situ 3D welded nanofibrous membrane can further concentrate the actual concentrated seawater (121°E, 37°N) to crystallization, demonstrating its potential applications for the desalination of challenging concentrated seawater.

16.
Chemphyschem ; 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34216092

RESUMO

The present study proposes a new approach for direct CO 2 conversion using primary radicals from water irradiation. In order to ensure reduction of CO 2 into CO 2 •- by all the hydrated electrons, we use formate ions to scavenge simultaneously the parent oxidizing radicals H • and OH • producing the same transient CO 2 •- radicals. Conditions are optimized to obtain the highest conversion yield of CO 2 . The goal is achieved under mild conditions of room temperature, neutral pH and 1 atm of CO 2 pressure. All the available radicals are exploited for selectively converting CO 2 into oxalate that is accompanied by H 2 evolution. Besides, at high CO 2 pressure, CO is also produced via presolvated electron scavenging and the H • radicals with CO 2 •- . The mechanism presented accounts for the results and also sheds light on the data in the literature. The radiolytic approach is a mild and scalable route of direct CO 2 capture at the source in industry and the products, oxalate salt and H 2 , can be easily separated.

17.
Ecohealth ; 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212260

RESUMO

Chytridiomycosis, a leading cause for the global decline in the number of amphibians, is caused by the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. In this study, global distribution data of B. dendrobatidis were collected from January 2009 to May 2019. Space-time scan statistics and the maximum entropy (MaxEnt) model were used to analyze the epidemic trends and aggregation of the pathogen, and predict B. dendrobatidis distribution through its relationships with climate factors, wind speed, and solar radiation. The results of space-time scan statistics show seven clusters of data for the distribution of B. dendrobatidis. The time was mainly concentrated in 2009, 2013, 2015, and 2016, and the regions were primarily concentrated in southeastern Canada, southwestern France, Nigeria, Cameroon, eastern Brazil, southeastern Brazil, central Madagascar, and central and eastern Australia. MaxEnt showed that annual precipitation had the largest contribution percentage in the model, and annual mean temperature highly influenced the distribution of B. dendrobatidis. The global high-risk areas of B. dendrobatidis distribution were mainly observed in western Canada, southern Brazil, Chile, the United Kingdom, Japan, the Republic of Korea, eastern South Africa, eastern Madagascar, southeastern Australia, and southern China.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34216538

RESUMO

Blood pressure (BP) increased with age and height development, but little was known about the effect of pubertal development on blood pressure in children. A cross-sectional study was performed among 4146 children aged 7-12 years old in China. Pubertal development was assessed based on breast stages and testicular volume. The associations of pubertal development with BP levels and the rate of elevated blood pressure (EBP) were quantified using multiple linear and logistic regressions. We found that pubertal developmental level was positively correlated with BP, and children who experienced puberty onset and early pubertal timing had higher BP levels and prevalence of EBP. After adjusting for covariates, children experienced puberty onset had 3.84 and 2.24 mmHg increase in systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure, and 70%, 53%, and 62% increased odds of EBP, ESBP, and EDBP, respectively, compared with those without puberty onset. Similar results were observed for children who had early pubertal timing. The change of BP in puberty is greater and the association between pubertal development and BP is stronger in girls than boys. These findings suggested that pubertal development could be an important independent factor and one critical period for the EBP progress. Monitoring and management of pubertal development are necessary particularly among girls.

19.
Stem Cell Res ; 54: 102450, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34218115

RESUMO

Apolipoprotein E ε4 allele (APOE4) is a minor allele of the APOE gene associated with a higher risk for Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and Vascular Dementia (VD). While lipid deposition and chronic inflammation in glia are the commonalities between atherosclerosis, VD, and AD. Hence, we presented an iPSC line of an AD male donor suffering from Cerebrovascular Atherosclerosis with APOE-ε4/ε4 alleles background. Furthermore, we differentiated the iPSCs into astrocyte to explore pathogenesis in APOE4 related dementia. The characterized iPSC line expressed typical pluripotency markers and showed differentiation potential and normal karyotype.

20.
Opt Express ; 29(13): 19247-19261, 2021 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34266038

RESUMO

Structured illumination digital holographic microscopy (SI-DHM) is a high-resolution, label-free technique enabling us to image unstained biological samples. SI-DHM has high requirements on the stability of the experimental setup and needs long exposure time. Furthermore, image synthesizing and phase correcting in the reconstruction process are both challenging tasks. We propose a deep-learning-based method called DL-SI-DHM to improve the recording, the reconstruction efficiency and the accuracy of SI-DHM and to provide high-resolution phase imaging. In the training process, high-resolution amplitude and phase images obtained by phase-shifting SI-DHM together with wide-field amplitudes are used as inputs of DL-SI-DHM. The well-trained network can reconstruct both the high-resolution amplitude and phase images from a single wide-field amplitude image. Compared with the traditional SI-DHM, this method significantly shortens the recording time and simplifies the reconstruction process and complex phase correction, and frequency synthesizing are not required anymore. By comparsion, with other learning-based reconstruction schemes, the proposed network has better response to high frequencies. The possibility of using the proposed method for the investigation of different biological samples has been experimentally verified, and the low-noise characteristics were also proved.

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