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1.
JAMA Netw Open ; 2(5): e193348, 2019 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31050781

RESUMO

Importance: Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) is a potentially lethal complication of hyperthyroidism. However, only 1 specific susceptibility locus for TPP has been identified. Additional genetic determinants should be detected so that a prediction model can be constructed. Objective: To investigate the genetic architecture of TPP and distinguish TPP from Graves disease cohorts. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based case-control study used a 2-stage genome-wide association study to investigate the risk loci of TPP and weighted genetic risk score to construct a TPP prediction model with data from a Chinese Han population recruited in hospitals in China from March 2003 to December 2015. The analysis was conducted from November 2014 to August 2016. Main Outcomes and Measures: Loci specifically associated with TPP risk and those shared with Graves disease and prediction model of joint effects of TPP-specific loci. Results: A total of 537 patients with TPP (mean [SD] age, 35 [11] years; 458 male) 1519 patients with Graves disease and no history of TPP (mean [SD] age, 38 [13] years; 366 male), and 3249 healthy participants (mean [SD] age, 46 [10] years; 1648 male) were recruited from the Han population by hospitals throughout China. Two new TPP-specific susceptibility loci were identified: DCHS2 on 4q31.3 (rs1352714: odds ratio [OR], 1.58; 95% CI, 1.35-1.85; P = 1.24 × 10-8) and C11orf67 on 11q14.1 (rs2186564: OR, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.29-1.74; P = 2.80 × 10-7). One previously reported specific locus was confirmed on 17q24.3 near KCNJ2 (rs312729: OR, 2.08; 95% CI, 1.83-2.38; P = 8.02 × 10-29). Meanwhile, 2 risk loci (MHC and Xq21.1) were shared by Graves disease and TPP. After 2 years of treatment, the ratio of persistent thyrotropin receptor antibody positivity was higher in patients with TPP than in patients with Graves disease and no history of TPP (OR, 3.82; 95% CI, 2.04-7.16; P = 7.05 × 10-6). The prediction model using a weighted genetic risk score and 11 candidate TPP-specific single-nucleotide polymorphisms had an area under the curve of 0.80. Conclusions and Relevance: These findings provide evidence that TPP is a novel molecular subtype of Graves disease. The newly identified loci, along with other previously reported loci, demonstrate the growing complexity of the heritable contribution to TPP pathogenesis. A complete genetic architecture will be helpful to understand the pathophysiology of TPP, and a useful prediction model could prevent the onset of TPP.

2.
Biosci Rep ; 39(2)2019 02 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30737304

RESUMO

Nephrolithiasis is one of the world's major public health burdens with a high incidence and a risk of persistent renal dysfunction. Fu-Fang-Jin-Qian-Chao granules (FFJQC), a traditional Chinese herb formula, is commonly used in treatment of nephrolithiasis. However, the therapeutic mechanism of FFJQC on kidney stone has still been a mystery. The objective of the present study is to explore the therapeutic mechanism of FFJQC on kidney injury and identify unique metabolomics patterns using a mouse model of kidney stone induced by a calcium oxalate (CaOx) deposition. Von Kossa staining and immuno-histopathological staining of osteopontin (OPN), cluster of differentiation 44 (CD44) and calbindin-D28k were conducted on renal sections. Biochemical analysis was performed on serum, urine, and kidney tissues. A metabolomics approach based on ultra-HPLC coupled with quadrupole-TOF-MS (UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS) was used for serum metabolic profiling. The immunohistopathological and biochemical analysis showed the therapeutic benefits of FFJQC. The expression levels of OPN and CD44 were decreased while calbindin-D28k increased after the CaOx injured mice were treated with FFJQC. In addition, total of 81 serum metabolites were identified to be associated with protective effects of FFJQC on CaOx crystal injured mice. Most of these metabolites were involved in purine, amino acid, membrane lipid and energy metabolism. Potential metabolite biomarkers were found for CaOx crystal-induced renal damage. Potential metabolite biomarkers of CaOx crystal-induced renal damage were found. FFJQC shows therapeutic benefits on CaOx crystal injured mice via regulation of multiple metabolic pathways including amino acids, purine, pyrimidine, glycerolipid, arachidonic acid (AA), sphingolipid, glycerophospholipid, and fatty acid.

3.
EBioMedicine ; 2(11): 1718-24, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26870797

RESUMO

Adipokines such as leptin play important roles in the regulation of energy metabolism, particularly in the control of appetite. Here, we describe a hormone, mimecan, which is abundantly expressed in adipose tissue. Mimecan was observed to inhibit food intake and reduce body weight in mice. Intraperitoneal injection of a mimecan-maltose binding protein (-MBP) complex inhibited food intake in C57BL/6J mice, which was attenuated by pretreatment with polyclonal antibody against mimecan. Notably, mimecan-MBP also induced anorexia in A(y)/a and db/db mice. Furthermore, the expression of interleukin (IL)-1ß and IL-6 was up-regulated in the hypothalamus by mimecan-MBP, as well as in N9 microglia cells by recombinant mouse mimecan. Taken together, the results suggest that mimecan is a satiety hormone in adipose tissue, and that mimecan inhibits food intake independently of leptin signaling by inducing IL-1ß and IL-6 expression in the hypothalamus.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/genética , Leptina/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Peso Corporal , Ingestão de Alimentos , Humanos , Hipotálamo/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/deficiência , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Leptina/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Microglia/metabolismo , Ratos
4.
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi ; 34(10): 1260-3, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25509273

RESUMO

In this paper, miRNAs features were briefly introduced and agreeable points were discussed from 4 aspects: organs relationship, syndrome research, Chinese medical pathogeneses, and actions of Chinese herbs. miRNAs, as information media for organs interrelation, was believed to explain Chinese medical pathogeneses and reveal partial molecular mechanisms of Chinese medicine. miRNAs in the body fluid could be taken as one of biological bases of syndromes.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/tendências , MicroRNAs , Pesquisa Biomédica , China , Humanos , Síndrome
5.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 14(4): 2829-35, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24734697

RESUMO

A nano-porous TiO2 layer was produced by spray-deposition using ultrafine anatase nano-particles for the blocking layer for the dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). The microstructure and the electrochemical properties of the spray-deposited TiO2 layer were examined. The results of electrochemical properties showed that the spray-deposited TiO2 layer was capable to suppress the I3- ions diffusion to FTO substrate, reducing the electron recombination between the electrons on FTO substrate and I3- ions in electrolyte. In addition, the connection between TiO2 film and FTO substrate was improved by the TiO2 layer. Therefore, the short circuit current density and thereby the photo-to-electric energy conversion efficiency were improved by this blocking layer. The blocking effect of the porous layer was attributed to both the complicated pore structure of the spray-deposited layer and the enhanced connections between TiO2 film and FTO substrate. The low temperature characteristic of spray deposition approach indicates that it is suitable to the flexible-based DSCs.

6.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 34(9): 3572-7, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24289007

RESUMO

In order to explore the heavy metal concentrations in soils surrounding the Chaohe River, 15 soil samples were collected along the Chaohe River. Results show that average concentrations of As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb, Zn are 7.94, 0.16, 127.71, 38.45, 0.22, 45.97, 21.98, 81.06 microg x g(-1), respectively. The mean concentrations of 15 samples for most heavy metals are higher than the background values of Beijing soil except Pb. Compared to the heavy metal concentrations in the soil of Shanghai Huangpu River water resource area, the mean concentrations of Cr, Cu and Ni are higher and concentrations of other heavy metals are at a moderate level. Geo-accumulation index method was used to evaluate the pollution status of different heavy metals. Results show that the pollution of Cr and Hg is moderate. The pollution of Cu and Ni is between no to moderate. There is no pollution of As, Cd, Pb and Zn in the study area. Ecological risk index method was also used to evaluate the ecological impact. Results show that the pollution level of Hg is strong and Cu is medium. Other heavy metals are at a slight pollution level. The samplings region as a whole is at a medium ecological pollution level. In a word, Hg, Cr, Ni, and Cu need to be controlled.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados/análise , Rios/química , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Solo/química
7.
Zhong Yao Cai ; 36(2): 265-71, 2013 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23901656

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To discuss the relationship between inhibitory effect of different concentration ethanol extracts from Xuanfuguilian prescription on the growth of esophageal cells ECA9706 and its components. METHODS: The drug was extracted with anhydrous ethanol, 95%, 85%, 75%, 50%, 25% ethanol or water, the cell proliferation inhibitory rate of different solvent extracts were detected with MTT assay, and IC50 was calculated. The components of the drug were determined by LC/MS. Based on the inhibitory rate and the components peak area, the samples were hierarchy clustered respectively. The correlation of components peak area and inhibition rate was analyzed with Pearson Correlation. The components peak area and inhibition rate were analyzed using PLS. RESULTS: The IC50 of the 7 extracts on esophageal carcinoma cell ECA9706 were respectively 46.361, 52.67, 58.11, 78.26, 93.10, 2579.43 and 3953.34 microg/ mL 22 stable peaks were determined by LC-MS. Based on the inhibition rate and the components peak area, the clustering results of the two samples were similar. The 10 peaks areaes were closely related to inhibition rate (P < 0.05) and the PLS between components peaks area and inhibition rate was constructed. CONCLUSION: Extracts with different concentration ethanol have different effects, and their curative effects are closely related to components.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Plantas Medicinais/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Combinação de Medicamentos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/isolamento & purificação , Etanol/química , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Análise de Regressão
8.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 24(5): 573-5, 578, 2012 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23373269

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of comprehensive control and management of schistosomiasis at plateaus regions in Yunnan Province. METHODS: Xiaolian and Kangfu villages at plateaus regions where schistosomiasis was endemic were selected as study areas from 2006 to 2011, the schistosomiasis comprehensive control measures were conducted, and these measures included the health education, chemotherapy, stool and water management, grazing forbidden, Oncomelania snail control, etc. combined with the infrastructure of farmland water conservancy, agricultural comprehensive development, adjustment of industry structure, returning farmland to forest, ditch hardening, and aquaculture. RESULTS: At Xiaolian Village, no schistosomiasis patient and livestock were found from 2008; and at Kangfu Village, no schistosomiasis patient was detected from 2006 and no schistosomiasis domestic animal was found from 2008. In 2011, the snail area, percent of frames with living snails, the number of snails, average concentration of living snails, and the highest concentration of living snails descended by 69.99%, 81.86%, 88.86%, 89.71%, 57.95% at Xiaolian Village, and descended by 27.65%, 1.11%, 94.71%, 92.16%, 88.00% at Kangfu Village, respectively, compared with those in 2006. The ratios of infected snail area to snail area were 68.91% in 2006 and 69.13% in 2007 at Xiaolian Village, and 61.73% in 2006 and 43.24% in 2007 at Kangfu Village. There were no infected snails from 2008 in the two villages. CONCLUSION: The comprehensive control and management measures can effectively control the schistosomiasis prevalence at plateaus regions.


Assuntos
Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Esquistossomose/prevenção & controle , Esquistossomose/veterinária , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Reservatórios de Doenças/parasitologia , Humanos , Gado/parasitologia , Saúde da População Rural , Esquistossomose/epidemiologia , Esquistossomose/parasitologia , Caramujos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Caramujos/parasitologia
9.
Mol Hum Reprod ; 18(3): 129-35, 2012 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22002533

RESUMO

The luteinizing hormone receptor (LHR) is a member of a subfamily of G protein-coupled receptors that is characterized by its alternative splicing. In a previous study, we identified a splice site mutation of intron 6 (IVS6-3C>A) in a patient suffering from Leydig cell hypoplasia, which leads to aberrant splicing of LHR mRNA. In vitro expression analysis confirmed that this mutation results in the skipping of exon 7 in the mature mRNA of the LHR gene. In this study, we determined the impact of IVS6-3C>A on the RNA secondary structure and function of LHR-Del7. The three-dimensional structure of the leucine-rich repeats in LHR was predicted by molecular modeling. Radioactive ligand-binding assays verified that LHR-Del7 has no binding affinity for hCG. Furthermore, we detected negligible cAMP production in cells transfected with LHR-Del7. Cells co-expressing LHR-WT and LHR-Del7 were able to generate cAMP in response to hCG, but there was no significant difference between cells transfected with LHR-WT/vector and LHR-WT/LHR-Del7, although the variant was able to localize to cell surface, similar to wild-type receptor. These results indicated that LHR-Del7 does not have a dominant negative effect on LHR-WT cell surface expression, and although the pathological splicing variant LHR-Del7 was able to localize to cell membranes it failed to bind hCG and had no effect on wild-type LHR.


Assuntos
Processamento de RNA/genética , Receptores do LH/genética , Western Blotting , Linhagem Celular , Éxons/genética , Imunofluorescência , Humanos , Microscopia Confocal , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico
10.
Nat Genet ; 43(9): 897-901, 2011 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21841780

RESUMO

Graves' disease is a common autoimmune disorder characterized by thyroid stimulating hormone receptor autoantibodies (TRAb) and hyperthyroidism. To investigate the genetic architecture of Graves' disease, we conducted a genome-wide association study in 1,536 individuals with Graves' disease (cases) and 1,516 controls. We further evaluated a group of associated SNPs in a second set of 3,994 cases and 3,510 controls. We confirmed four previously reported loci (in the major histocompatibility complex, TSHR, CTLA4 and FCRL3) and identified two new susceptibility loci (the RNASET2-FGFR1OP-CCR6 region at 6q27 (P(combined) = 6.85 × 10(-10) for rs9355610) and an intergenic region at 4p14 (P(combined) = 1.08 × 10(-13) for rs6832151)). These newly associated SNPs were correlated with the expression levels of RNASET2 at 6q27, of CHRNA9 and of a previously uncharacterized gene at 4p14, respectively. Moreover, we identified strong associations of TSHR and major histocompatibility complex class II variants with persistently TRAb-positive Graves' disease.


Assuntos
Loci Gênicos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Doença de Graves/genética , Receptores da Tireotropina/genética , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Feminino , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Doença de Graves/epidemiologia , Doença de Graves/imunologia , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe II/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Receptores da Tireotropina/imunologia , Risco
11.
Mol Vis ; 16: 2043-54, 2010 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21042559

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Myopia and its extreme form, high myopia, are common vision disorders worldwide, especially in Asia. Identifying genetic markers is a useful step toward understanding the genetic basis of high myopia, particularly in the Chinese population, where it is highly prevalent. This study was conducted to provide evidence of linkage for autosomal dominant high myopia to a locus on chromosome 5p13.3-p15.1 in a large Chinese family. METHODS: After clinical evaluation, genomic DNA from 29 members of this family was genotyped. A genome-wide screen was then performed using 382 markers with an average inter-marker distance of 10 cM, and two-point linkage was analyzed using the MLINK program. Mutation analysis of the candidate genes was performed using direct sequencing. RESULTS: Linkage to the known autosomal dominant high myopia loci was excluded. The genome-wide screening identified a maximum two-point LOD score of 3.71 at θ=0.00 with the microsatellite marker D5S502. Fine mapping and haplotype analysis defined a critical region of 11.69 cM between D5S2096 and D5S1986 on chromosome 5p13.3-p15.1. Sequence analysis of the candidate genes inside the linked region did not identify any causative mutations. CONCLUSIONS: A genetic locus was mapped to chromosome 5p13.3-p15.1 in a large Chinese family with autosomal dominant high myopia.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 5/genética , Genes Dominantes/genética , Loci Gênicos/genética , Miopia/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , China , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Família , Feminino , Ligação Genética , Marcadores Genéticos , Haplótipos/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Linhagem , Adulto Jovem
12.
Mol Cell Endocrinol ; 321(2): 239-44, 2010 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20178827

RESUMO

Mimecan is a protein of unknown function that is expressed in the pituitary. The aim of this study is to clarify the regulation and intracellular localisation of mimecan gene expression in the pituitary. With immunohistochemistry, we observed that mimecan protein was co-expressed with ACTH in pituitary corticotroph cells. Northern and Western blot analyses revealed that mimecan expression and secretion in corticotroph cells were up-regulated by treating AtT-20 cells with glucocorticoid. Meanwhile, mimecan expression in rat primary culture pituitary cells was also promoted by glucocorticoid. Co-incubation of AtT-20 cells with RU486 and glucocorticoid completely reversed the induction of mimecan gene expression by glucocorticoid. In addition, luciferase reporter assays showed that the -1474/+43 promoter region of mimecan was sufficient for glucocorticoid-responsive mimecan expression. These data collectively suggest that mimecan expressed in pituitary corticotroph cells is increased by glucocorticoid and that the up-regulation may be mediated by the classical GR pathways.


Assuntos
Corticotrofos/efeitos dos fármacos , Glucocorticoides/farmacologia , Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Células Cultivadas , Antagonistas de Hormônios/farmacologia , Imuno-Histoquímica , Mifepristona/farmacologia , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos
13.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 390(4): 1208-13, 2009 Dec 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19878661

RESUMO

Obesity is frequently associated with malfunctions of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and hyperaldosteronism, but the mechanism underlying this association remains unclear. Since the adrenal glands are embedded in adipose tissue, direct cross-talk between adipose tissue and the adrenal gland has been proposed. A previous study found that adiponectin receptor mRNA was expressed in human adrenal glands and aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA). However, the expression of adiponectin receptors in adrenal glands has not been confirmed at the protein level or in other species. Furthermore, it is unclear whether adiponectin receptors expressed in adrenal cells are functional. We found, for the first time, that adiponectin receptor (AdipoR1 and AdipoR2) mRNA and protein were expressed in mouse adrenal and adrenocortical Y-1 cells. However, adiponectin itself was not expressed in mouse adrenal or Y-1 cells. Furthermore, adiponectin acutely reduced basal levels of corticosterone and aldosterone secretion. ACTH-induced steroid secretion was also inhibited by adiponectin, and this was accompanied by a parallel change in the expression of the key genes involved in steroidogenesis. These findings indicate that adiponectin may take part in the modulation of steroidogenesis. Thus, adiponectin is likely to have physiological and/or pathophysiological significance as an endocrine regulator of adrenocortical function.


Assuntos
Adiponectina/fisiologia , Glândulas Suprarrenais/metabolismo , Aldosterona/biossíntese , Hidrocortisona/biossíntese , Receptores de Adiponectina/biossíntese , Adiponectina/farmacologia , Glândulas Suprarrenais/efeitos dos fármacos , Hormônio Adrenocorticotrópico/farmacologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos
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