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1.
FASEB J ; 34(1): 1546-1557, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914600

RESUMO

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) comprise the largest group of membrane receptors in eukaryotic genomes and collectively they regulate nearly all cellular processes. Despite the widely recognized importance of this class of proteins, many GPCRs remain understudied. G protein-coupled receptor 27 (Gpr27) is an orphan GPCR that displays high conservation during vertebrate evolution. Although, GPR27 is known to be expressed in tissues that regulate metabolism including the pancreas, skeletal muscle, and adipose tissue, its functions are poorly characterized. Therefore, to investigate the potential roles of Gpr27 in energy metabolism, we generated a whole body gpr27 knockout zebrafish line. Loss of gpr27 potentiated the elevation in glucose levels induced by pharmacological or nutritional perturbations. We next leveraged a mass spectrometry metabolite profiling platform to identify other potential metabolic functions of Gpr27. Notably, genetic deletion of gpr27 elevated medium-chain acylcarnitines, in particular C6-hexanoylcarnitine, C8-octanoylcarnitine, C9-nonanoylcarnitine, and C10-decanoylcarnitine, lipid species known to be associated with insulin resistance in humans. Concordantly, gpr27 deletion in zebrafish abrogated insulin-dependent Akt phosphorylation and glucose utilization. Finally, loss of gpr27 increased the expression of key enzymes in carnitine shuttle complex, in particular the homolog to the brain-specific isoform of CPT1C which functions as a hypothalamic energy senor. In summary, our findings shed light on the biochemical functions of Gpr27 by illuminating its role in lipid metabolism, insulin signaling, and glucose homeostasis.

2.
Reprod Biomed Online ; 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31787549

RESUMO

RESEARCH QUESTION: Endometriosis is characterized by the occurrence of endometrial-like tissue outside the uterus. Collagen triple helix repeat containing-1 (CTHRC1) is known as a tumour-promoting factor in several neoplasms. This study aimed to examine the roles of CTHRC1 in the development and progression of endometriosis, and to unravel the underlying mechanisms. DESIGN: Quantitative real-time PCR, western blot analyses and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were performed to determine the expression levels of CTHRC1 in tissues and serum. In addition, CTHRC1 expression levels were knocked down by small-interfering RNA in ectopic endometrial stromal cells (EESC). Cell Counting Kit-8, fluorescence-activated cell sorting, Transwell and wound scratch assays were carried out to assess the underlying biological behaviours, and western blot analyses were performed to reveal the molecular mechanisms. RESULTS: mRNA and protein expression levels of CTHRC1 were markedly higher in ectopic endometrial tissues than in eutopic and control endometrial tissues. In addition, the serum concentration of CTHRC1 was apparently higher in the endometriosis group than the control group. Small interfering RNA knockdown of CTHRC1 suppressed the proliferation, migration, invasion and healing abilities of EESC. Furthermore, the protein expressions of key molecules in the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway showed an obvious down-regulated expression after siRNA transfection. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that CTHRC1 may be partly responsible for the development and progression of endometriosis by increasing EESC proliferation, migration and invasion via the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. CTHRC1 may thus serve as a diagnostic and therapeutic target for endometriosis.

3.
J Biol Eng ; 13: 81, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31737090

RESUMO

Background: Inulinase can hydrolyze polyfructan into high-fructose syrups and fructoligosaccharides, which are widely used in food, the medical industry and the biorefinery of Jerusalem artichoke. In the present study, a recombinant exo-inulinase (rKcINU1), derived from Kluyveromyces cicerisporus CBS4857, was proven as an N-linked glycoprotein, and the removal of N-linked glycan chains led to reduced activity. Results: Five N-glycosylation sites with variable high mannose-type oligosaccharides (Man3-9GlcNAc2) were confirmed in the rKcINU1. The structural modeling showed that all five glycosylation sites (Asn-362, Asn-370, Asn-399, Asn-467 and Asn-526) were located at the C-terminus ß-sandwich domain, which has been proven to be more conducive to the occurrence of glycosylation modification than the N-terminus domain. Single-site N-glycosylation mutants with Asn substituted by Gln were obtained, and the Mut with all five N-glycosylation sites removed was constructed, which resulted in the loss of all enzyme activity. Interestingly, the N362Q led to an 18% increase in the specific activity against inulin, while a significant decrease in thermostability (2.91 °C decrease in T m ) occurred, and other single mutations resulted in the decrease in the specific activity to various extents, among which N467Q demonstrated the lowest enzyme activity. Conclusion: The increased enzyme activity in N362Q, combined with thermostability testing, 3D modeling, kinetics data and secondary structure analysis, implied that the N-linked glycan chains at the Asn-362 position functioned negatively, mainly as a type of steric hindrance toward its adjacent N-glycans to bring rigidity. Meanwhile, the N-glycosylation at the other four sites positively regulated enzyme activity caused by altered substrate affinity by means of fine-tuning the ß-sandwich domain configuration. This may have facilitated the capture and transfer of substrates to the enzyme active cavity, in a manner quite similar to that of carbohydrate binding modules (CBMs), i.e. the chains endowed the ß-sandwich domain with the functions of CBM. This study discovered a unique C-terminal sequence which is more favorable to glycosylation, thereby casting a novel view for glycoengineering of enzymes from fungi via redesigning the amino acid sequence at the C-terminal domain, so as to optimize the enzymatic properties.

4.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 16781, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31727934

RESUMO

Interleukin (IL)-34 plays a critical role in cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, angiogenesis, inflammation and immunoregulation. Numerous diseases can be attributed to the dysregulation of IL-34 signaling. This study was performed to investigate the function of IL-34 in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. Firstly, by enzyme linked immunoabsorbent assay, we found that IL-34, VEGF, MMP-2 and MMP-9 were increased in the sera of patients with endometriosis. Secondly, exposure to IL-34 promoted the proliferation, migration and invasion of eutopic endometrial stromal cells (ESCs). Additionally, stimulation with IL-34 up-regulated colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF1R), p-JAK3, p-STAT6, VEGF, MMP-2 and MMP-9 in these eutopic ESCs. Treatment with AS1517499, an inhibitor of STAT6, remarkably abrogated the alterations induced by IL-34. A Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay demonstrated binding of STAT6 to the IL-34 promoter, further implicating STAT6 in IL-34 signaling. Notably, reverse results were obtained in ectopic ESCs with the application of an IL-34 neutralizing antibody. In vivo, AS1517499 suppressed the maintenance of endometriosis lesions in rats. In summary, autocrine production of IL-34, mediated by STAT6, promoted the development of endometriosis in vitro and in vivo through the CSF1R/JAK3/STAT6 pathway. Our research reveals the function of IL-34 in endometriosis, which may provide insight into novel therapeutic strategies for endometriosis.

5.
Microb Pathog ; 135: 103613, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31254602

RESUMO

Avian influenza viruses (AIVs) in wild birds pose a pandemic threat to humans and to the poultry industry. To assess AIV and AIV antibody prevalence in wild birds in China, a systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted. We searched PubMed, Google Scholar, Cochrane Library, Clinical Trial, VIP, CNKI, and WANFANG for published papers related to the prevalence of AIVs and their associated antibodies in wild birds in China from Mar. 10, 2005 to Sept. 20, 2018. Repeat studies, reviews, and other host studies were excluded, as well as those with inconsistent data, incomplete information, or only prevalence data or data from outside of mainland China. In total, data from 28 publications were compiled and analyzed. Based on out meta-analysis, the pooled prevalence of AIVs in wild birds in China was found to be 2.5% (571/23,024), and the pooled prevalence of AIV antibodies was 26.5% (1,210/4,566). The pooled prevalence of AIVs was significantly higher in wild birds from Central China (5.5%, 271/4, 955) compared to all other regions and the pooled prevalence of AIV antibodies was significantly in wild birds from South China (56.8%, 92/162) in comparison to all other regions. The prevalence of both AIVs and AIV antibodies in Anseriformes were higher compared to non-Anseriformes. In addition, the largest number of studies found in this review were on the HA subtypes of AIVs (H5, H7, and H9) and their associated antibodies. In summary, our findings suggest that the prevalence of AIVs and their antibodies in wild birds vary among regions and species of wild bird. Thus, further monitoring of the prevalence of AIVs and their antibodies in wild birds in China is necessary and should be used for guiding powerful and effective regulatory measures that will prevent the spread of AIVs across species.


Assuntos
Animais Selvagens/virologia , Anticorpos/sangue , Aves/virologia , Vírus da Influenza A , Influenza Aviária/epidemiologia , Influenza Aviária/imunologia , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Pandemias , Prevalência
6.
J Obstet Gynaecol Res ; 45(8): 1488-1496, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31250947

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the roles of cell migration and invasion mediated by Twist in endometriosis. METHODS: The protein levels and locations of Twist, N-cadherin and E-cadherin were measured by Western blot and immunohistochemistry in ectopic endometrium and eutopic endometrium of ovarian endometriosis as well as normal endometrium of nonendometriosis patients. The messenger RNA (mRNA) expressions of Twist, N-cadherin and E-cadherin in these tissues were measured by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Stable overexpression of Twist in eutopic endometrial stromal cells was transfected with a plasmid-mediated delivery system. The protein and mRNA expressions of N-cadherin and E-cadherin were detected by western blot and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The changes of migration and invasion of endometrial stromal cells were explored by transwell. RESULTS: Levels of protein and mRNA of Twist and N-cadherin showed the highest expression in ectopic endometrium of ovarian endometriosis, while lowest in normal endometrium of nonendometriosis patients. On the contrary, the expression of E-cadherin showed highest in normal endometrium of nonendometriosis patients. The overexpression of Twist after transfection significantly upregulated the protein and mRNA expression of N-cadherin, while downregulated the protein and mRNA expression of E-cadherin. There is significant difference between groups. For transwell, the overexpression of Twist in eutopic endometrial stromal cell significantly promoted cell migration and invasion. CONCLUSION: Twist might be related with the increase of migration and invasion in endometrial stromal cells, mediated by epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition.

7.
Microb Pathog ; 129: 43-49, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30682525

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Porcine epidemic diarrhea results from infection with porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV). It is an acute and highly contagious enteric disease in swine characterized by watery diarrhea and vomiting. Here, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis in order to assess the prevalence of PEDV infection in pig populations from mainland China. METHODS: We conducted a literature search on the prevalence of PEDV infection in pigs between Jan 1, 1988 and Aug 20, 2018 in English and Chinese databases, including PubMed, Google scholar, Cochrane library, Clinical Trials, VIP, CNKI and WanFang database. Selections were made based on the title and the abstract of paper, and duplicated literature was excluded along with other host studies, and data incomplete literature according to the exclusion criteria we formulated. Finally, we extracted the number of swine with PEDV infection from the obtained studies and provided information that permitted us to estimate the prevalence of PEDV infection in pigs in mainland China. RESULTS: A total of 45 studies (including data from 15,990 pigs) met our evaluation criteria. In China, the overall estimated prevalence of PEDV infection in pigs was 44% (7113/15,990), while the estimated prevalence of PEDV infection in pigs from northern China was 37% (793/2136), lower than those in other regions of China. The prevalence of PEDV infection was associated with sampling season, category of pigs and clinical signs (diarrhea) in pigs. However, the prevalence of PEDV among pigs in China was not significantly associated with the effect of detected target genes, nor was it associated with date of study publication. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that PEDV infection is common among pigs in China. It is therefore necessary to carry out further research and monitor the prevalence of PEDV infection. Furthermore, powerful and effective regulatory measures should be taken in order to prevent the transmission and spread of PEDV among pig populations.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/veterinária , Vírus da Diarreia Epidêmica Suína/isolamento & purificação , Doenças dos Suínos/epidemiologia , Doenças dos Suínos/virologia , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Prevalência , Suínos
8.
Reprod Sci ; 26(3): 420-427, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29779473

RESUMO

The activation of systemic and local inflammatory mechanisms, including elevated levels of chemokines and proinflammatory cytokines in endometriosis progression, is becoming more evident in the recent years. Here, we report the involvement of CXC chemokine 16 (CXCL16) and its sole receptor, CXC chemokine receptor 6 (CXCR6), in pathophysiology of endometriosis. Expression of CXCL16, but not CXCR6, was significantly upregulated in endometriotic lesions when compared to control endometrium. Additionally, serum CXCL16 was significantly elevated in women with endometriosis when compared to control group. Moreover, blockade of the CXCL16/CXCR6 axis by CXCR6 small-interfering RNA reduced the migration and invasion of ectopic endometrial stromal cells (EESCs) followed by decreased phosphorylation of ERK1/2. Furthermore, TNF-α treatment induced the expression of CXCL16 in EESCs. In conclusion, these results suggest that CXCL16/CXCR6 axis, whose expression was enhanced by TNF-α, may be associated with the increased motility of EESCs, through regulation of ERK1/2 signaling, thus contributing to the development of endometriosis. These findings indicate that the CXCL16/CXCR6 axis may contribute to the progression of endometriosis and could be served as a potential target for diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular , Quimiocina CXCL16/metabolismo , Endometriose/metabolismo , Endométrio/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Receptores CXCR6/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Adulto , Endometriose/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/complicações , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Células Estromais/metabolismo
9.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 3724, 2018 09 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30214057

RESUMO

Previous studies of the N-terminal PDZ tandem from PSD-95 produced divergent models and failed to identify interdomain contacts stabilizing the structure. We used ensemble and single-molecule FRET along with replica-exchange molecular dynamics to fully characterize the energy landscape. Simulations and experiments identified two conformations: an open-like conformation with a small contact interface stabilized by salt bridges, and a closed-like conformation with a larger contact interface stabilized by surface-exposed hydrophobic residues. Both interfaces were confirmed experimentally. Proximity of interdomain contacts to the binding pockets may explain the observed coupling between conformation and binding. The low-energy barrier between conformations allows submillisecond dynamics, which were time-averaged in previous NMR and FRET studies. Moreover, the small contact interfaces were likely overridden by lattice contacts as crystal structures were rarely sampled in simulations. Our hybrid approach can identify transient interdomain interactions, which are abundant in multidomain proteins yet often obscured by dynamic averaging.


Assuntos
Proteína 4 Homóloga a Disks-Large/química , Domínios PDZ , Animais , Simulação por Computador , Dissulfetos , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Ligantes , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Fótons , Ligação Proteica , Ratos , Fatores de Transcrição
10.
Gene ; 673: 140-148, 2018 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29920364

RESUMO

Endometriosis is a common gynecological condition with unclear pathogenesis. Although a dysregulated lncRNA expression profile has been speculated, very few studies have addressed this hypothesis. We determined the differential lncRNA and mRNA expression patterns between endometriosis and control tissues, and between eutopic and normal endometrium in the proliferative phase, using RNA sequencing. The potential targets of lncRNA were predicted on the basis of cis and trans action, and lncRNAs were functionally annotated in relation to their co-expressed mRNAs. Dysregulated lncRNAs and mRNAs were screened relative to the biological features of endometriosis, and the five filtered lncRNAs were validated using qRT-PCR. A total of 9924 novel lncRNA transcripts were identified, and 86 lncRNAs and 1228 mRNAs were differentially expressed between the endometriosis and control groups. GO and KEGG pathway analysis showed that the differentially expressed lncRNAs were enriched in the biological processes and signaling pathways involved in endometriosis. A coding-noncoding gene (CNC) co-expression network was constructed using the dysregulated lncRNAs and their co-expressed mRNAs to simulate the complex intergenic interactions. This study is the first to use sequencing technology to elucidate the differentially lncRNA expression profiles of eutopic and normal endometrium in the proliferative phase of endometriosis. The dysregulated lncRNAs can potentially be novel diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets of endometriosis.


Assuntos
Endometriose/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ovário/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Adulto , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Biblioteca Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Transdução de Sinais
11.
Gynecol Endocrinol ; 34(9): 815-820, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29544367

RESUMO

S100 calcium-binding protein A6 (S100A6) is up-regulated in many malignancies and overexpression of S100A6 has been identified associated with proliferation, migration and invasion phenotype in several cancer cells. In the present study, we explored whether S100A6 plays a role in the development of endometriosis. Significantly higher levels of mRNA and protein expression of S100A6 were observed in ectopic endometrial tissues compared to eutopic and normal endometrial tissues. Silencing of S100A6 in ectopic endometrial stromal cells (ESCs) significantly inhibited cell viability, migration and invasion. Moreover, knockdown of S100A6 suppressed p38/MAPK activity in ectopic ESCs, which can be partially attenuated by CacyBP/SIP phosphorylation inhibitor. In conclusion, our results suggest that the abnormal expression of S100A6 may contribute to the pathogenesis of endometriosis and the S100A6/CacyBP/p38 signaling may provide as a promising treatment target.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Endometriose/metabolismo , Endométrio/metabolismo , Proteína A6 Ligante de Cálcio S100/metabolismo , Células Estromais/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima , Adulto , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Sobrevivência Celular/fisiologia , Endometriose/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Proteína A6 Ligante de Cálcio S100/genética , Adulto Jovem
12.
Oncol Lett ; 14(2): 2125-2130, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28781653

RESUMO

Tripartite motif-containing (TRIM)11, an E3 ubiquitin ligase, is involved in the development of the nervous system. As an oncogene, it has also been identified in glioma, lung and colon cancer. However, few studies have been conducted on TRIM11 expression and functions in ovarian cancer. In the present study, we found that TRIM11 expression was obviously elevated in ovarian cancer tissues compared to adjacent non-cancerous tissues. Depletion of TRIM11 in A2780 and SK-OV-3 ovarian cancer cells by transfection of specific small interfering RNA significantly suppressed proliferation and inhibited invasion of cells, even induced apoptosis as indicated by both Cell Counting Kit-8, Annexin V/propidium iodide staining and Transwell assay. Furthermore, we explored the underlying mechanisms. Knockdown of TRIM11 not only affects the expression of cell apoptosis-related (Bcl-2 and Bax) and invasion-related proteins [matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9], but also reduced the phosphorylation levels of ERK and AKT. In conclusion, we showed that TRIM11 was upregulated in ovarian cancer tissue samples and that TRIM11 may serve as an oncogene in ovarian cancer.

13.
J Vis Exp ; (123)2017 05 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28570518

RESUMO

A protocol on how to perform high-precision interdye distance measurements using Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) at the single-molecule level in multiparameter fluorescence detection (MFD) mode is presented here. MFD maximizes the usage of all "dimensions" of fluorescence to reduce photophysical and experimental artifacts and allows for the measurement of interdye distance with an accuracy up to ~1 Å in rigid biomolecules. This method was used to identify three conformational states of the ligand-binding domain of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor to explain the activation of the receptor upon ligand binding. When comparing the known crystallographic structures with experimental measurements, they agreed within less than 3 Å for more dynamic biomolecules. Gathering a set of distance restraints that covers the entire dimensionality of the biomolecules would make it possible to provide a structural model of dynamic biomolecules.


Assuntos
Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência/métodos , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/química , Fluorescência , Ligantes , Conformação Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Domínios Proteicos , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/metabolismo
14.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 295(6): 1413-1419, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28382414

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the expression patterns of N-acetyl galactosamine transferases (GalNAc-Ts)-3 and GalNAc-T6 in clinicopathologically characterized endometriosis (EMS), and to explore their clinical significance. METHODS: Ectopic and eutopic endometrial tissue samples were obtained and confirmed with CD-10 immunohistochemistry in patients with EMS (n = 12), whereas normal control endometrium was obtained from patients with uterine septum (n = 12). The mRNA and protein levels of GalNAc-T3 and GalNAc-T6 were detected in these samples using quantitative real-time PCR, immunohistochemistry, and western blotting. RESULTS: GalNAc-T3 and GalNAc-T6 were expressed in the endometrium of all groups, with no significant changes observed during the menstrual cycle. The expression of GalNAc-T3 and GalNAc-T6 in ectopic endometrium was significantly lower than that in eutopic (P < 0.05) or control endometrium (P < 0.05), whereas there were no significant differences (P > 0.05) between eutopic and control endometria. Furthermore, the expression of GalNAc-T3 and GalNAc-T6 was significantly lower in patients with stage III/IV EMS compared to patients with stage I/II (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Both GalNAc-T3 and GalNAc-T6 expression levels were downregulated in ectopic endometrium, which may increase the adhesion and invasion of endometrial cells and contribute to the development of EMS. Moreover, we found a strong correlation between the expression of GalNAc-T3 and GalNAc-T6 and different stages of EMS.


Assuntos
Endometriose/metabolismo , Endométrio/metabolismo , N-Acetilgalactosaminiltransferases/metabolismo , Adulto , Western Blotting , Endometriose/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Ciclo Menstrual/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
15.
Reprod Sci ; 24(6): 836-843, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27694140

RESUMO

Estradiol and its nuclear receptors, estrogen receptor (ER) α and ER-ß, have important functions in endometriosis, and the transcriptional activity of these receptors is modulated by coactivators and corepressors. The steroid receptor RNA activator 1 (SRA1) produces SRA long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) and SRA protein (SRAP), which regulate ER expression at the RNA and protein levels in some hormone-dependent tumors via an alternative splicing event. However, only a few are reported on their expressions in endometriosis. Here, we observed that low expression levels of SRA lncRNA and ER-α but relatively high expression levels of SRAP and ER-ß were detected in ovarian endometriotic tissues versus normal endometrial tissues. Steroid receptor RNA activator 1-small interfering RNA treatment significantly increased ER-α levels but reduced ER-ß levels in endometriotic stromal cells (ESCs). Furthermore, the treatment can also attenuate the proliferation and promote early apoptosis in these cells. Our results indicate that the regulation of ER via SRA in ovarian endometriosis may play a significant role in the growth of ESCs.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Endometriose/genética , Doenças Ovarianas/genética , Receptores Estrogênicos/genética , Células Estromais/patologia , Adulto , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Endometriose/metabolismo , Endometriose/patologia , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Inativação Gênica , Humanos , Doenças Ovarianas/metabolismo , Doenças Ovarianas/patologia , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Receptores Estrogênicos/metabolismo , Células Estromais/metabolismo
16.
Hum Reprod ; 31(4): 723-33, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26874360

RESUMO

STUDY QUESTION: Is phosphatase of regenerating liver-3 (PRL-3) associated with increased motility of endometriotic cells from endometrioma? SUMMARY ANSWER: Elevated PRL-3 promotes cytoskeleton reorganization, cell migration and invasion of endometrial stromal cells (ESCs) from endometrioma. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Overexpression of PRL-3 is associated with cancer cell migration, invasion and metastatic phenotype. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: Primary human ESCs were isolated from eutopic endometrium of women without endometriosis (EuCo, n = 10), with histologically proven endometrioma (EuEM, n = 19) and from the cyst wall of ovarian endometriosis (OvEM, n = 26). PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: The expression of PRL-3 in ESCs derived from EuCo, EuEM and OvEM at different phases of menstrual cycle were compared. The protein and mRNA levels of PRL-3 were examined by western blot and RT-qPCR, respectively. ESCs from OvEM were transfected with/without short hairpin RNA (shRNA) or small interfering RNA (siRNA). Additionally, a plasmid-mediated delivery system was used to achieve PRL-3 overexpression in ESCs from EuEM. The cellular distribution of F-actin and α-tubulin were examined by immunocytochemistry. Cell motility was evaluated by a transwell migration/invasion assay. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: The protein and mRNA levels of PRL-3 are significantly elevated in ESCs from OvEM compared with EuCo and EuEM. The expression of PRL-3 was not altered between proliferative phase and secretory phase in ESCs from all groups. Knockdown of PRL-3 significantly modified the distribution of F-actin and α-tubulin cytoskeleton, inhibited cell migration and invasion. Endogenous inhibition of PRL-3 attenuated the expression of Ras homolog gene family members A and C (RhoA, RhoC), Rho-associated coiled-coil-containing protein kinase 1 (ROCK1) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 9, but not MMP2 in ESCs from OvEM. Additionally, overexpression of PRL-3 in ESCs from EuEM up-regulates cell migration and invasion, and increases the expression of RhoA, RhoC, ROCK1 and MMP9. LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: Lack of in vivo animal studies is the major limitation of our report. Our results should be further confirmed in a larger cohort of patients and extended to include eutopic and ectopic endometrium from patients with peritoneal endometriosis at different stages of the disease. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: Our study describes that elevated expression of PRL-3 contributes to the cell motility of ESCs from endometrioma. The results emphasize the importance of metastatic-related factor PRL-3 in the pathogenesis of endometrioma. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST: This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81170546) and Zhejiang Medicine Science and Technology Projects (No. Y13H040003). The authors declare no conflict of interest.


Assuntos
Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Endometriose/metabolismo , Endométrio/metabolismo , Indução Enzimática , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Doenças Ovarianas/metabolismo , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases/metabolismo , Células Estromais/metabolismo , Movimento Celular , Células Cultivadas , Citoesqueleto/patologia , Endometriose/patologia , Endométrio/citologia , Endométrio/patologia , Feminino , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/química , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Ciclo Menstrual/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Doenças Ovarianas/patologia , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases/genética , Interferência de RNA , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Células Estromais/citologia , Células Estromais/patologia , Proteínas rho de Ligação ao GTP/agonistas , Proteínas rho de Ligação ao GTP/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas rho de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Proteínas rho de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Quinases Associadas a rho/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinases Associadas a rho/química , Quinases Associadas a rho/genética , Quinases Associadas a rho/metabolismo , Proteína rhoA de Ligação ao GTP/agonistas , Proteína rhoA de Ligação ao GTP/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína rhoA de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Proteína rhoA de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Proteína de Ligação a GTP rhoC
17.
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi ; 36(4): 1225-9, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30052352

RESUMO

In order to develop a high sensitive and low cost metal elements analysis method for aqueous sample, an ultrasonic nebulizer assisted spark induced breakdown spectroscopy (UN-SIBS) system is established, where an ultrasonic nebulizer is employed to transform the bulk liquid sample into aerosol composed by intensive droplets. And a high tension coil and a couple of electrodes are combined to induce the plasma. The spectra emitted are collected to analysis the metal elements in the aqueous samples. Based on the experimental system, the features of emission spectra are studied. The electron density and electron temperature are calculated to understand the physics characteristic of the plasma in UN-SIBS experiments. Samples of different concentration of lead are analyzed by UN-SIBS method to make clear of the relationship between concentration and the peak intensity of the heavy metal element Pb. Besides, the atomic line of lead at 261.37 nm detected by the sample with the concentration of 2.07 ppt could be easily distinguished which is better than the LOD reported in references. The aqueous samples with calcium, as a lower activity metal element, are also studied. At last, the possible mechanism is discussed according to the experimental results.

18.
Appl Biochem Biotechnol ; 178(1): 144-58, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26446826

RESUMO

Inulinase is an enzyme that belongs to glycoside hydrolase family 32. It converts inulin into high-fructose syrups and fructoligosaccharides, both of which are widely used in pharmaceutical and food industries. In this study, the kcINU1 gene (GenBank accession number AF178979) encoding an exoinulinase was cloned from Kluyveromyces cicerisporus CBS4857 and expressed in Pichia pastoris X-33, yielding a maximum of 45.2 ± 0.6 U mL(-1) of inulinase activity of culture supernatant. The expressed inulinase was purified and characterized. The enzyme had an optimum temperature of 55 °C and an optimum pH of 4.5. It had a K m of 0.322 mM and a V max of 4317 µM min(-1) mg(-1) protein when inulin was used as a substrate. It retained nearly 90 % of the maximal activity after pre-incubation at 50 °C for 1 h or at pH ranging from 3.0 to 6.0 at 4 °C for 24 h, demonstrating that KcINU1 was stable at high temperature and low pH. Moreover, we constructed two KcINU1 mutants, Asp30Ala and Glu215Ala, by site-directed mutagenesis and confirmed via zymogram analysis that Asp-30 and Glu-215 of the enzyme were the catalytic active center. The present study has provided important information for understanding the catalytic mechanism of exoinulinase.


Assuntos
Glicosídeo Hidrolases/genética , Kluyveromyces/metabolismo , Mutagênese , Clonagem Molecular , Estabilidade Enzimática , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química , Kluyveromyces/genética , Temperatura Ambiente
19.
Org Biomol Chem ; 14(4): 1492-500, 2016 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26690835

RESUMO

An efficient and convenient one-pot method for the preparation of trifluoromethylated homoallylic N-acylhydrazines or α-methylene-γ-lactams has been described. In this process, allyl bromide and metal tin are used instead of toxic stannanes, and commercially available aqueous trifluoroacetaldehyde methyl hemiacetal was used as a trifluoromethyl source.


Assuntos
Acetaldeído/química , Hidrazinas/química , Hidrazinas/síntese química , Hidrocarbonetos Bromados/química , Lactamas/síntese química , Estanho/química , Acetaldeído/análogos & derivados , Lactamas/química , Estrutura Molecular
20.
J Org Chem ; 80(24): 12224-33, 2015 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26577682

RESUMO

A concise and efficient method for the synthesis of α-methylene-γ-lactams is developed from multicomponent one-pot reactions of aldehydes or ketones, hydrazides, and ethyl 2-(bromomethyl)acrylate promoted by tin powder. The reaction proceeds smoothly under mild reaction conditions without using any catalyst to give the corresponding products in high yields. α-Methylene-γ-spirolactams can also be prepared from cyclic ketones.

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