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1.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 125: 109825, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32036208

RESUMO

Vascular complications induced by diabetes constitute the principal cause of morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients. It has been reported that carvacrol (CAR) possesses a wide range of biological activities. The effects of CAR on diabetes-induced vasculopathy remain unknown. In this study, diabetic mice were created by the intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ) in male C57BL/6 J mice to investigate whether CAR provided a protective effect against diabetes-induced vasculopathy and to investigate the underlying mechanisms. We found that CAR decreased blood glucose levels in diabetic mice. Moreover, CAR ameliorated diabetes-induced aortic morphological alterations, as evidenced by an increased thickness in the intima-media width and an increased number of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) layers. Further studies revealed that CAR inhibited hypercontractility in the aortas of diabetic mice and VSMCs in response to hyperglycemia, as evidenced by the relaxation of phenylephrine(PE)-induced vasoconstriction, the decreased expression of smooth muscle (SM)-α-actin, and the increased expression of Ki67 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). Furthermore, the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway was inhibited in the aortas of diabetic mice and VSMCs in response to hyperglycemia, while CAR treatment activated the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. In conclusion, our results strongly suggest that CAR plays a protective role in diabetes-induced aortic hypercontractility, possibly by activating the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. CAR is a potential drug for the treatment of diabetic vasculopathy.

2.
Opt Lett ; 45(3): 754-757, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004302

RESUMO

In this Letter, Autler-Townes splitting and induced transparency windows are observed in a multimode microfiber knot. The microfiber knot is fabricated using tapered single-mode fiber, with the knot position located at the transition area of the tapered fiber. The spectrum, in analogy to Autler-Townes splitting, derives from the mode splitting of two high-order excited modes, which is theoretically explained by the multimode transfer matrix method. Moreover, without adding resonators, two induced transparency windows are realized with the tunable coupling coefficients and phase difference of excited knot modes. The tunable, easily fabricated, compact, and robust microfiber knot has potential applications in optical sensing, filters, slow light, and optical switching.

3.
Thorac Cancer ; 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32012474

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anastomosis is one of the important factors affecting anastomotic complications after esophagectomy, and multiple reports have compared anastomotic complications among various techniques. However, there is insufficient evidence in the literature to definitively recommend one anastomotic technique over another. METHOD: We retrospectively evaluated 34 consecutive patients who underwent an improved totally mechanical side-to-side: posterior-to-posterior linear stapled (TM-STS) technique for minimally invasive Ivor Lewis esophagogastric anastomosis, performed by a single surgeon between February 2015 to November 2017. The operative techniques and short-term outcomes are analyzed in this study. RESULTS: There were no conversions to an open approach and a complete resection was achieved in all patients undergoing this improved procedure. During the first half of the series, the median operation time was 355 minutes, ranging from 257 to 480 minutes. Over the second half of this series, the median operation time was reduced to 256 minutes. There were no mortalities or serious postoperative complications. Only one patient (2.9%) had an anastomotic leak, which resolved without intervention. Another patient (2.9%) experienced transient, delayed conduit emptying which upper gastrointestinal radiography determined was due to a mechanical obstruction caused by an abnormally long gastric tube in the chest cavity. CONCLUSIONS: The results of our study suggest that this improved TM-STS technique is safe and effective for minimally invasive Ivor Lewis esophagectomy, and can be considered as one of the alternative procedure for patients with lower esophageal as well as Siewert types I/II gastroesophageal junction carcinoma.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013538

RESUMO

An α particle-emitting nanodrug that is a potent and specific antitumor agent and also prompts significant remodeling of local immunity in the tumor microenvironment (TME) has been developed and may impact the treatment of melanoma. Biocompatible ultrasmall fluorescent core-shell silica nanoparticles (C' dots, diameter ∼6.0 nm) have been engineered to target the melanocortin-1 receptor expressed on melanoma through α melanocyte-stimulating hormone peptides attached to the C' dot surface. Actinium-225 is also bound to the nanoparticle to deliver a densely ionizing dose of high-energy α particles to cancer. Nanodrug pharmacokinetic properties are optimal for targeted radionuclide therapy as they exhibit rapid blood clearance, tumor-specific accumulation, minimal off-target localization, and renal elimination. Potent and specific tumor control, arising from the α particles, was observed in a syngeneic animal model of melanoma. Surprisingly, the C' dot component of this drug initiates a favorable pseudopathogenic response in the TME generating distinct changes in the fractions of naive and activated CD8 T cells, Th1 and regulatory T cells, immature dendritic cells, monocytes, MΦ and M1 macrophages, and activated natural killer cells. Concomitant upregulation of the inflammatory cytokine genome and adaptive immune pathways each describes a macrophage-initiated pseudoresponse to a viral-shaped pathogen. This study suggests that therapeutic α-particle irradiation of melanoma using ultrasmall functionalized core-shell silica nanoparticles potently kills tumor cells, and at the same time initiates a distinct immune response in the TME.

5.
Curr Alzheimer Res ; 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053076

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease with insidious onset, which is difficult to be reversed and cured. Therefore, discovering more precise biological information from neuroimaging biomarkers is crucial for accurate and automatic detection of AD. METHODS: We innovatively used a visibility graph (VG) to construct the time-dependent brain networks as well as functional connectivity network to investigate the underlying dynamics of AD brain based on functional magnetic resonance imaging. There were 32 AD patients and 29 normal controls (NCs) from the Alzheimer's disease neuroimaging initiative (ADNI) database. First, the VG method mapped the time series of single brain region into networks. By extracting topological properties of the networks, the most significant features were selected as discriminant features into a supporting vector machine for classification. Furthermore, in order to detect abnormalities of these brain regions in the whole AD brain, functional connectivity among different brain regions was calculated based on the correlation of regional degree sequences. RESULTS: According to the topology abnormalities exploration of local complex networks, we found several abnormal brain regions, including left insular, right posterior cingulate gyrus and other cortical regions. The accuracy of characteristics of the brain regions extracted from local complex networks was 88.52%. Association analysis demonstrated that the left inferior opercular part of frontal gyrus, right middle occipital gyrus, right superior parietal gyrus and right precuneus played a tremendous role in AD. CONCLUSION: These results would be helpful in revealing the underlying pathological mechanism of the disease.

6.
Phytochemistry ; 172: 112280, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32036185

RESUMO

Ten highly oxygenated diterpenoids (nine undescribed ones) were isolated from the aerial parts of Leonurus japonicus Houtt. 14,15-Dinor-labd-5,8-dien-3,13-dione was a 14,15-dinor-labdane diterpenoid possessing a C18 skeleton. 7ß,9α-Dihydroxy-6-oxo-labd-13-en-15,16-amide represented a rare example of labdane diterpenoid featuring an α,ß-unsaturated-γ-lactam moiety. The structures of all compounds were elucidated using spectroscopic data analyses and comparisons. The effects of these obtained compounds on nitric oxide (NO) production induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in RAW 264.7 cells were evaluated.(10R*,13R*,15R*)-15,16-Epoxy-6,13-dihydroxy-15-methoxy-labda-5,8-dien-7-one inhibited NO production with an IC50 value of 40.1 µM.

7.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(7): 3983-3989, 2020 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022036

RESUMO

The stability of a single-atom catalyst is directly related to its preparation and applications, especially for high-loading single-atom catalysts. Here, the effect of a coordination environment induced by nitrogen (N) atoms coordinated with iron on the kinetic and thermodynamic stabilities of single-atom iron catalysts supported with carbon-based substrates (FeSA/CS) was investigated by density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Five FeSA/CS with different numbers of N atoms were modelled. The kinetic stability was evaluated by analyzing the migration paths of iron atoms and energy barriers. The thermodynamic stability was studied by calculating the adsorption and formation energies. Our results indicated that the coordination environment induced by N can promote the kinetic and thermodynamic stability of FeSA/CS. N atoms on the substrate promote the kinetic stability by raising the energy barrier for iron migration and not only increase the thermodynamic stability, but also contribute to catalyst synthesis. Doping N on the substrate enhances charge transfer between the iron atoms and substrates simultaneously improving the kinetic and thermodynamic stabilities. This theoretical research provides guidance for synthesizing stable and high loading single-atom catalysts by tuning the coordination environment of single-atom elements.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957250

RESUMO

AIMS: In this study, we intended to analyze the clinical significance of CD4+ FoxP3+ Tregs in gastric cancer patients and investigate the relationship between the proportion of CD4+ FoxP3+ Tregs in the peripheral blood and the expression of FoxM1 and Ki-67 in gastric cancer tissues. METHODS: Flow cytometry was used to measure the CD4+ FoxP3+ Tregs level in peripheral blood from 70 gastric cancer patients one day before gastrectomy and D2 lymph node dissection. Immunohistochemistry staining was used to detect the expression of FoxM1 and Ki-67 in gastric cancer tissues. Data on clinico-pathological features and correlation between Tregs and the expression of FoxM1 and Ki-67 were then analyzed. RESULTS: The average proportion of CD4+ FoxP3+ Tregs in gastric cancer patients' peripheral blood before surgery was 10.12 ± 2.85%, which was significantly higher in patients with late AJCC stage (P = 0.029) or lymph node metastasis (P = 0.003) compared to patients at earlier AJCC stage or without lymph node metastasis. The levels of CD4+ FoxP3+ Treg cells was positively correlated with the protein expression of FoxM1 (P = 0.003) and Ki-67 (P = 0.001), respectively. CONCLUSION: These results suggest the level of CD4+ FoxP3+ Treg cells in peripheral blood has clinical significance in gastric cancer patients. The overexpression of FoxM1 and Ki-67 may relate to immunosuppression in gastric cancer.

9.
J Endourol ; 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31952455

RESUMO

Objectives: We conduct a study to assess the outcome of Micro-Ultrasonic probe combined with ultrasound-guided mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy for upper ureteral and renal stones. Methods:The data of 119 patients(123 kidney units) underwent Micro-Ultrasonic lithotripsy combined with mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy was retrospective reviewed. The group included 96 males and 23 females. All procedure of puncture and dilation were guided by ultrasound solely. The data was analyze by SPSS. Results:The mean operation time was 32.6 minutes (range, 10 - 110 minutes). The mean time of lithotripsy and stone removal was 14.5 minutes (3 - 100 minutes). The mean postoperative length of stay was 2.7 days (1 - 7 days). Besides, stone free rate of discharge was 95.9% (118/123). The mean hemoglobin drop was 11.6 mg/dL (range, 1-26 mg/dL). Grade I, II and IIIa complications were observed in 4, 1 and 1 patients, respectively. Subgroup analyze was done to compare the outcomes of 20mm or less vs 21mm or more calculi. There was a longer operation duration (40 vs 29 minutes) and lower stone free rate in the 21mm or more calculi subgroup. Conclusions:Micro-Ultrasonic probe combined with ultrasound-guided mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy is an effective and safety procedure to treat patients with upper ureteral and renal stones with higher stone free rate but lower complications.

10.
Phytochemistry ; 171: 112230, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31923722

RESUMO

Bioactivity guided the isolation of extracts from the aerial parts Scutellaria barbata D. Don to discover neo-clerodane diterpenoids with potent phytotoxic activity. Of the 34 isolates, 13 neo-clerodane diterpenoids were described for the first time. The structures of these undescribed compounds were elucidated by extensive analysis of NMR spectroscopic data, and the absolute configurations of scutebarbolides A and L and scutebata W were determined by X-ray diffraction. The phytotoxic activity of all compounds against the growth of the roots and shoots of L. perenne and L. sativa seedlings were first reported, and some compounds showed considerable inhibitory effects, especially scutebarbolide K, whose inhibition rates were higher than those of the positive control at concentrations ranging from 25 to 200 µg/mL. When L. perenne and L. sativa seedlings were treated at a concentration of 200 µg/mL, scutebarbolide K caused wilting symptoms on and finally death of these two tested plant seedlings. In addition, the structure-activity relationships of these neo-clerodane diterpenoids were also discussed.

11.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31974717

RESUMO

There were controversies about the priority of modified single patch (MSP) technique compared with two-patch (TP) technique for patients with complete atrioventricular septal defect (CAVSD). From 2002 to 2013, patients who diagnosed as balanced CAVSD in our institution were retrospectively included. Patients with unbalanced ventricles or associated anomalies were excluded. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality and the secondary endpoint consist of left atrioventricular dysfunction or left atrioventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO). A total of 74 patients underwent MSP repair and 102 patients underwent TP repair. After 1:1 propensity matching, there were 46 Rastelli type A CAVSD patients in each group. Patients in MSP group had shorter cardiopulmonary bypass time [median (interquartile range) 73.5 (65.5-95.0) versus 105.0 (88.8-130.0) min, P < 0.001] and aortic cross-clamp time [105.5 (90.0-128.0) versus 143.0 (122.0-184.0) min, P < 0.001]. In total, the primary endpoint occurred in 12 patients, including 2/46 (4.3%) in MSP group and 10/46 (21.7%) in TP group. That 1-year, 3-year, 5-year survival rate can be calculated as 95.6%, 95.6%, 95.6% in MSP group and 92.6%, 80.4%, 78.2% in TP group, P = 0.015. No significant statistical difference found for the secondary endpoints that 7/46 (15.2%) patients occurred moderate or severe LAVVR in MSP group versus 11/46 (23.9%) patients in TP group, P = 0.293. No LVOTO occurred in both groups. Besides the simplicity of technique, MSP technique may be safer.

12.
Neurobiol Learn Mem ; 168: 107154, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31904546

RESUMO

Cognitive impairment in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by being deficient at learning and memory. Aß1-42 oligomers have been shown to impair rodent cognitive function. We previously demonstrated that activation of α7nAChR, inhibition of p38 or JNK could alleviate Aß-induced memory deficits in Y maze test. In this study, we investigated whether the effects of α7nAChR and MAPKs on Y maze test is reproducible with a hippocampus-dependent spatial memory test such as Morris water maze. We also assessed the possible co-existence of hippocampus-independent recognition memory dysfunction using a novel object recognition test and an alternative and stress free hippocampus-dependent recognition memory test such as the novel place recognition. Besides, previous research from our lab has shown that MAPKs pathways regulate Aß internalization through mediating α7nAChR. In our study, whether MAPKs pathways exert their functions in cognition by modulating α7nAChR through regulating glutamate receptors and synaptic protein, remain little known. Our results showed that activation of α7nAChR restored spatial memory, novel place recognition memory, and short-term and long-term memory in novel object recognition. Inhibition of p38 restored spatial memory and short-term and long-term memory in novel object recognition. Inhibition of ERK restored short-term memory in novel object recognition and novel place recognition memory. Inhibition of JNK restored spatial memory, short-term memory in novel object recognition and novel place recognition memory. Beside this, the activation of α7nAChR, inhibition of p38 or JNK restored Aß-induced levels of NMDAR1, NMDAR2A, NMDAR2B, GluR1, GluR2 and PSD95 in Aß-injected mice without influencing synapsin 1. In addition, these treatments also recovered the expression of acetylcholinesterase (AChE). Finally, we found that the inhibition of p38 or JNK resulted in the upregulation of α7nAChR mRNA levels in the hippocampus. Our results indicated that inhibition of p38 or JNK MAPKs could alleviate Aß-induced spatial memory deficits through regulating activation of α7nAChR via recovering memory-related proteins. Moreover, p38, ERK and JNK MAPKs exert different functions in spatial and recognition memory.

13.
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol ; 104(2): 273-281, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31938814

RESUMO

Adopting the concept of "using waste to treat waste", the waste bricks will be used for constructed wetland filling. Integrated vertical-flow constructed wetland (IVCW) studied on the purification effect in influent water under three hydraulic loads (0.15, 0.25, 0.35 m/day). The results show that the waste bricks can be used as the carrier for the growth of the system biofilm, and have positive effects on the removal of pollutants in the influent water. Under three different hydraulic load conditions, the vertical flow of CWs can significantly reduce the load of water intake. In the low hydraulic load condition of 0.15 m/day, the average removal rates of chemical oxygen demand (COD), ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N), total nitrogen (TN), and total phosphorus (TP) can reach 66.52%, 72.10%, 56.53% and 91.55% in this system, respectively. The influent pool on removal efficiency of pollutants was obviously higher than that of the upper pool, especially in the inlet surface 0-30 cm ranges. This research has achieved the effect of using "waste" to treat wastewater, which has strong practical significance and popularization value.

14.
Neuroscience ; 425: 39-48, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794696

RESUMO

Psychopath and neuropath often exhibit similar symptoms in clinical functional performances. However, few studies ever demonstrate the existence of overlapped brain functional mechanism between neurological and psychiatric disorders. Accordingly, in this paper, we have made an attempt to verify the existence of functional overlaps among neurological and psychiatric disorders through brain network analysis. Specifically, our findings suggest that functional overlaps exist in mild cognitive impairment (MCI), Alzheimer's disease (AD) and major depressive disorder (MDD), as well as in epilepsy, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and schizophrenia. In these overlapped functions, we also find that the brain regions of neuropsychopathic disorders exhibit different cooperative patterns at different levels of brain activities. For example, strong-strong cooperative patterns were observed at high levels of brain activities in epilepsy, ADHD and schizophrenia.

15.
Clin Cancer Res ; 26(1): 147-158, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31515460

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Small-molecule inhibitors have revolutionized treatment of certain genomically defined solid cancers. Despite breakthroughs in treating systemic disease, central nervous system (CNS) metastatic progression is common, and advancements in treating CNS malignancies remain sparse. By improving drug penetration across a variably permeable blood-brain barrier and diffusion across intratumoral compartments, more uniform delivery and distribution can be achieved to enhance efficacy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Ultrasmall fluorescent core-shell silica nanoparticles, Cornell prime dots (C' dots), were functionalized with αv integrin-binding (cRGD), or nontargeting (cRAD) peptides, and PET labels (124I, 89Zr) to investigate the utility of dual-modality cRGD-C' dots for enhancing accumulation, distribution, and retention (ADR) in a genetically engineered mouse model of glioblastoma (mGBM). mGBMs were systemically treated with 124I-cRGD- or 124I-cRAD-C' dots and sacrificed at 3 and 96 hours, with concurrent intravital injections of FITC-dextran for mapping blood-brain barrier breakdown and the nuclear stain Hoechst. We further assessed target inhibition and ADR following attachment of dasatinib, creating nanoparticle-drug conjugates (Das-NDCs). Imaging findings were confirmed with ex vivo autoradiography, fluorescence microscopy, and p-S6RP IHC. RESULTS: Improvements in brain tumor delivery and penetration, as well as enhancement in the ADR, were observed following administration of integrin-targeted C' dots, as compared with a nontargeted control. Furthermore, attachment of the small-molecule inhibitor, dasatinib, led to its successful drug delivery throughout mGBM, demonstrated by downstream pathway inhibition. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that highly engineered C' dots are promising drug delivery vehicles capable of navigating the complex physiologic barriers observed in a clinically relevant brain tumor model.

16.
J Neurol Sci ; 409: 116634, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31864073

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the lateralizing and localizing value of ictal coprolalia. METHODS: A retrospective study for patients who had ictal coprolalia was conducted. Continuous video-EEG were reviewed, and scalp EEG and intracranial electroencephalography (IEEG) were analyzed. RESULTS: Five patients with ictal coprolalia were evaluated, four with implantation of intracranial electrodes. Twenty-eight seizures were reviewed, and ictal coprolalia occurred in 25 (89.3%) of them. Scalp interictal EEG showed that spikes appeared in bilateral temporal (n = 4) and in contralateral temporal lobe (n = 1). Scalp ictal EEG showed that epileptic discharges appeared in right temporal (n = 4) or electromyographical artifact in full channels (n = 1). After intracranial electrodes implantation, nineteen seizures were recorded and ictal coprolalia occurred in 15 (78.9%) of the seizures. The IEEG showed that the ictal activity always involved orbitofrontal and/or mesial temporal regions of the right hemisphere, and when coprolalia occurred, the IEEG activity propagated to the left temporal lobe in patients 1, 3, and 4. The period of precoprolalia after IEEG onset was longer (mean 29.1 s) than after scalp EEG onset (mean, 2.8 s). All the patients were seizure-free for 28.8 months at last follow-up. CONCLUSION: Ictal coprolalia occurs more commonly in temporal or orbitofrontal epilepsy, and it seems to have a limited lateralizing value.

17.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 73(3): 849-865, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31884474

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative process characterized by loss of neurons in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex, leading to progressive cognitive decline. Pathologically, the hallmark of AD is accumulation of "senile" plaques composed of amyloid-ß (Aß) protein surrounding neurons in affected regions. Despite extensive research into AD pathogenesis and therapeutic targets, there remains no breakthroughs in its management. In recent years, there has been a spark of interest in the connection between the brain and gastrointestinal tract, referred to as the brain-gut axis, and its potential implications for both metabolic and neurologic disease. Moreover, the gastrointestinal flora, referred to as the microbiome, appears to exert significant influence over the brain-gut axis. With the need for expanded horizons in understanding and treating AD, many have turned to the brain-gut-microbiome axis for answers. Here we provide a review of the brain-gut-microbiome axis and discuss the evidence supporting alterations of the axis in the pathogenesis of AD. Specifically, we highlight the role for the microbiome in disruption of Aß metabolism/clearance, increased permeability of the blood-brain barrier and modulation of the neuroinflammatory response, and inhibition of hippocampal neurogenesis. The majority of the above described findings are the result of excellent, albeit basic and pre-clinical studies. Therefore, we conclude with a brief description of documented clinical support for brain-gut-microbiome axis alteration in AD, including potential microbiome-based therapeutics for AD. Collectively, these findings suggest that the brain-gut-microbiome axis may be a "lost link" in understanding and treating AD and call for future work.

18.
Infect Drug Resist ; 12: 3771-3781, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31824177

RESUMO

Background: Enterococcus faecalis, an opportunistic bacterial pathogen, is one of the most frequently isolated bacterial species and cause of serious nosocomial infections in recent decades. A reliable and rapid assay for E. faecalis detection is significant for the diagnosis and follow-up treatment. Methods: A novel assay method, named multiple cross displacement amplification linked with nanoparticle-based lateral flow biosensor (MCDA-LFB), was applied for detecting E. faecalis strains. A set of special 10 primers was designed according to E. faecalis-specific gene Ef0027. The MCDA amplification conditions, including the target DNA concentration, reaction temperature and time, were optimized. The sensitivity and specificity of MCDA method were tested in the current study, and then, the MCDA-LFB technology was applied to detect the E. faecalis strain from clinical samples. Results: The E. faecalis specific primers were valid for the establishment of MCDA-LFB technology forthe detection of E. faecalis based on the Ef0027 gene. The MCDA amplification condition was optimized at 62°C for 35 min. The MCDA products were directly sensed and displayed with a biosensor. The full process, comprising genomic DNA template preparation (approximately 30 mins), amplification of MCDA (35 mins), and the product identification (approximately 2 mins), could be achieved in 70 mins. The MCDA technique could detect as little as 10 fg per reaction system of pure E. faecalis genomic DNA. The specificity of E. faecalis-MCDA-LFB method is 100%, with no cross-reactions to non-E. faecalis strains. Conclusion: The MCDA-LFB technique established in the present study is a reliable, simple, rapid, sensitive and specific method to assay E. faecalis and can be applied for the detection of clinical samples.

19.
Sci Adv ; 5(12): eaax5208, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31840066

RESUMO

Accurate detection and quantification of metastases in regional lymph nodes remain a vital prognostic predictor for cancer staging and clinical outcomes. As intratumoral heterogeneity poses a major hurdle to effective treatment planning, more reliable image-guided, cancer-targeted optical multiplexing tools are critically needed in the operative suite. For sentinel lymph node mapping indications, accurately interrogating distinct molecular signatures on cancer cells in vivo with differential levels of sensitivity and specificity remains largely unexplored. To address these challenges and demonstrate sensitivity to detecting micrometastases, we developed batches of spectrally distinct 6-nm near-infrared fluorescent core-shell silica nanoparticles, each batch surface-functionalized with different melanoma targeting ligands. Along with PET imaging, particles accurately detected and molecularly phenotyped cancerous nodes in a spontaneous melanoma miniswine model using image-guided multiplexing tools. Information afforded from these tools offers the potential to not only improve the accuracy of targeted disease removal and patient safety, but to transform surgical decision-making for oncological patients.

20.
Plant Physiol ; 2019 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31857423

RESUMO

Rice (Oryza sativa) molecular breeding has gained considerable attention in recent years but inaccurate genome annotation hampers its progress and functional studies of the rice genome. In this study, we applied single-molecule long-read RNA sequencing (lrRNA_seq)-based proteogenomics to reveal the complexity of the rice transcriptome and its coding abilities. Surprisingly, approximately 60% of loci identified by lrRNA_seq are associated with natural antisense transcripts (NATs). The high-density genomic arrangement of NAT genes suggests their potential roles in the multifaceted control of gene expression. In addition, a large number of fusion and intergenic transcripts have been observed. Furthermore, a total of 906,456 transcript isoforms were identified, and 72.9% of the genes can generate splicing isoforms. 706,075 post-transcriptional events were subsequently categorized into ten subtypes, demonstrating the interdependence of post-transcriptional mechanisms that contribute to transcriptome diversity. Parallel short-read RNA sequencing indicated that lrRNA_seq has a superior capacity for the identification of longer transcripts. In addition, over 190,000 unique peptides belonging to 9,706 proteoforms/protein groups were identified, expanding the diversity of the rice proteome. Our findings indicate that the genome organization, transcriptome diversity, and coding potential of the rice transcriptome are far more complex than previously anticipated.

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