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1.
Microorganisms ; 9(3)2021 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33803112

RESUMO

The properties of rocks can be greatly affected by seepage hydrocarbons in petroleum-related mud volcanoes. Among them, the color of sedimentary rocks can reflect the changes of sedimentary environment and weathering history. However, little is known about the microbial communities and their biogeochemical significance in these environments. In this study, contrasting rock samples were collected from the Aiqigou mud volcano on the southern margin of the Junggar Basin in Northwest China as guided by rock colors indicative of redox conditions. The physicochemical properties and mineral composition are similar under the same redox conditions. For example, the content of chlorite, muscovite, quartz, and total carbon were higher, and the total iron was lower under reduced conditions compared with oxidized environments. High-throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA gene amplicons revealed that different functional microorganisms may exist under different redox conditions; microbes in oxidized conditions have higher diversity. Statistical analysis and incubation experiments indicated that the microbial community structure is closely related to the content of iron which may be an important factor for color stratification of continental sedimentary rocks in the Aiqigou mud volcano. The interactions between organics and iron-bearing minerals mediated by microorganisms have also been hypothesized.

2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(7)2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33804889

RESUMO

In chronic kidney disease, hyperphosphatemia upregulates the Ca2+ channel ORAI and its activating Ca2+ sensor STIM in megakaryocytes and platelets. ORAI1 and STIM1 accomplish store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) and play a key role in platelet activation. Signaling linking phosphate to upregulation of ORAI1 and STIM1 includes transcription factor NFAT5 and serum and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase SGK1. In vascular smooth muscle cells, the effect of hyperphosphatemia on ORAI1/STIM1 expression and SOCE is suppressed by Mg2+ and the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) agonist Gd3+. The present study explored whether sustained exposure to Mg2+ or Gd3+ interferes with the phosphate-induced upregulation of NFAT5, SGK1, ORAI1,2,3, STIM1,2 and SOCE in megakaryocytes. To this end, human megakaryocytic Meg-01 cells were treated with 2 mM ß-glycerophosphate for 24 h in the absence and presence of either 1.5 mM MgCl2 or 50 µM GdCl3. Transcript levels were estimated utilizing q-RT-PCR, protein abundance by Western blotting, cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) by Fura-2 fluorescence and SOCE from the increase in [Ca2+]i following re-addition of extracellular Ca2+ after store depletion with thapsigargin (1 µM). As a result, Mg2+ and Gd3+ upregulated CaSR and blunted or virtually abolished the phosphate-induced upregulation of NFAT5, SGK1, ORAI1,2,3, STIM1,2 and SOCE in megakaryocytes. In conclusion, Mg2+ and the CaSR agonist Gd3+ interfere with phosphate-induced dysregulation of [Ca2+]i in megakaryocytes.

3.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(2): 188-193, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829690

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the correlation between connexin 43 (Cx43) and the expression of P16 and P21, aging-related proteins, and to investigate the possible role of Cx43 in the development of cell senescence with an aging model prepared by D-galactose (D-gal) intervention in the vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) of guinea pig spiral modiolar artery (SMA). Methods: The VSMCs of guinea pig SMA were cultured with the adhesion method, and the markers of VSMCs were detected with immunofluorescence technique. The experiment has a control group, a D-gal group, and a group that received D-gal and gap junction agonist AAP10 intervention, hereafter referred to as the AAP10 group. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) was used to check VSMC activity and to determine the concentration and duration of D-gal intervention. The mRNA expression of Cx43 in each group was checked with qRT-PCR. The expression of Cx43, P16 and P21 proteins in each group was examined with the Western blot. The expression and distribution of P16 and P21 proteins were examined with immunofluorescence assay. Results: Immunofluorescence results showed that the positive expression rate of cell actin (α-SM-actin) was over 90%. CCK-8 results showed that the optimal concentration of D-gal intervention was 30 mg/mL and the intervention duration was 48 h. qRT-PCR test showed that the mRNA expression of Cx43 in VSMCs in the D-gal group was significantly lower than that in the control group ( P<0.01), while it is higher in the AAP10 group than that of the D-gal group ( P<0.01); Western blot assay showed that the Cx43 expression level in VSMCs in the D-gal group was significantly lower than that in the control group ( P<0.01) and the expression of P16 and P21 was significantly higher than that in the control group ( P<0.01), the expression of Cx43 protein in AAP10 group was significantly up-regulated compared with that in the D-gal group ( P<0.01), while the expression of P16 and P21 was down-regulated significantly ( P<0.01); The results of immunofluorescence showed that P16 and P21 were mainly expressed in the cell nucleus. Semi-quantitative analysis of fluorescence intensity showed that the level of P16 and P21 protein in the D-gal group was significantly higher than that in the control group, and the fluorescence intensity of AAP10 group was significantly lower than that in the D-gal group ( P<0.01). Conclusion: Up-regulation of Cx43 expression can reverse the D-gal-induced abnormal expression of P16 and P21, two aging-related proteins, in SMA. It is suggested that Cx43 on SMA may be involved in D-gal-induced cell senescence, which provides a theoretical basis and possible intervention target for the delay of cell senescence.


Assuntos
Conexina 43 , Músculo Liso Vascular , Animais , Artérias , Senescência Celular , Conexina 43/genética , Conexina 43/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo , Cobaias , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo
4.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 138: 111460, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33711554

RESUMO

Ischaemic stroke (IS) is a common type of stroke characterised by sudden fainting and communication disorders, alongside a number of other symptoms. It is characterised by high morbidity, disability, and mortality rates. Tongqiao Huoxue Decoction (THD) is effective in the treatment of stroke. As a representative prescription for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, THD has been widely used clinically. This paper systematically introduces clinical and experimental studies of THD in the treatment of IS, summarising its clinical application, pharmacological mechanisms, and active components in the treatment of IS. It also explores its key pathways in the treatment of IS through network pharmacology analyses, thereby speculating on its underlying mechanisms. It is of great significance for the secondary development of this classic prescription as well as for the research and development of new drugs.

5.
Scand J Gastroenterol ; : 1-10, 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33771073

RESUMO

TGR5 (G protein-coupled bile acid receptor 1, GPBAR-1) is a G protein-coupled receptor with seven transmembrane domains and is widely distributed in various organs and tissues. As an important bile acid receptor, TGR5 can be activated by primary and secondary bile acids. Increased expression of TGR5 is a risk factor for polycystic liver disease and hepatobiliary cancer. However, there is evidence that the anti-inflammatory effect of the TGR5 receptor and its regulatory effect on hydrophobic bile acid confer protective effects against most liver diseases. Recent studies have shown that TGR5 receptor activation can alleviate the development of diabetic liver fibrosis, regulate the differentiation of natural killer T cells into NKT10 cells, increase the secretion of anti-inflammatory factors, inhibit the invasion of hepatitis B virus, promote white adipose tissue browning, improve arterial vascular dynamics, maintain tight junctions between bile duct cells, and protect against apoptosis. In portal hypertension, TGR5 receptor activation can inhibit the contraction of hepatic stellate cells and improve intrahepatic microcirculation. In addition, the discovery of the regulatory relationship between the TGR5 receptor and miRNA-26a provides a new direction for further studies of the molecular mechanism underlying the effects of TGR5. In this review, we describe recent findings linking TGR5 to various liver diseases, with a focus on the mechanisms underlying its effects and potential therapeutic implications.

6.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 596518, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33776910

RESUMO

Clinical Trial Registration: www.ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier: NCT04365634. Context: Diabetes mellitus was associated with increased severity and mortality of disease in COVID-19 pneumonia. So far the effect of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) or hyperglycemia on the immune system among COVID-19 disease has remained unclear. Objective: We aim to explore the clinical and immunological features of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among COVID-19 patients. Design and Methods: In this retrospective study, the clinical and immunological characteristics of 306 hospitalized confirmed COVID-19 patients (including 129 diabetic and 177 non-diabetic patients) were analyzed. The serum concentrations of laboratory parameters including cytokines and numbers of immune cells were measured and compared between diabetic and non-diabetic groups. Results: Compared with non-diabetic group, diabetic cases more frequently had lymphopenia and hyperglycemia, with higher levels of urea nitrogen, myoglobin, D-dimer and ferritin. Diabetic cases indicated the obviously elevated mortality and the higher levels of cytokines IL-2R, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and TNF-α, as well as the distinctly reduced Th1/Th2 cytokines ratios compared with non-diabetic cases. The longitudinal assays showed that compared to that at week 1, the levels of IL-6 and IL-8 were significantly elevated at week 2 after admission in non-survivors of diabetic cases, whereas there were greatly reductions from week 1 to week 2 in survivors of diabetic cases. Compared with survival diabetic patients, non-survival diabetic cases displayed distinct higher serum concentrations of IL-2R, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, TNF-α, and lower Th1/Th2 cytokines ratios at week 2. Samples from a subset of participants were evaluated by flow cytometry for the immune cells. The counts of peripheral total T lymphocytes, CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells and NK cells were markedly lower in diabetic cases than in non-diabetic cases. The non-survivors showed the markedly declined counts of CD8+ T cells and NK cells than survivors. Conclusion: The elevated cytokines, imbalance of Th1/Th2 cytokines ratios and reduced of peripheral numbers of CD8+ T cells and NK cells might contribute to the pathogenic mechanisms of high mortality of COVID-19 patients with T2DM.


Assuntos
/imunologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/patologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/patologia , /complicações , China/epidemiologia , Citocinas/análise , Citocinas/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperglicemia/sangue , Hiperglicemia/complicações , Hiperglicemia/imunologia , Hiperglicemia/mortalidade , Sistema Imunitário/metabolismo , Sistema Imunitário/patologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/patologia , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfopenia/sangue , Linfopenia/complicações , Linfopenia/imunologia , Linfopenia/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , /fisiologia , Células Th1/patologia , Células Th2/patologia
7.
Andrologia ; : e14044, 2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33709426

RESUMO

We explored the efficacy and mechanisms of salidroside treatment for erectile dysfunction induced by bilateral cavernous nerve injury (BCNI). Forty male rats were divided into four groups as follows: sham (cavernous nerves exposed only) (S); BCNI (M); BCNI + rapamycin (M + rapamycin); and BCNI + salidroside (M + salidroside). Erectile function in the rats was measured by intracavernosal pressure. Penile tissue was harvested for transmission electron microscopy, immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, Masson's trichrome staining, haematoxylin-eosin staining, TdT-mediated dUTP Nick End Labeling and western blotting. The M group exhibited a decrease in erectile responses and increased apoptosis and fibrosis compared to these in the S group. Meanwhile, nerve content and the penile atrophy index were also decreased in the M group. Treatment with salidroside and rapamycin for 3 weeks partially restored erectile function and significantly attenuated corporal apoptosis, fibrosis, nerve content and penile atrophy in the M group. Moreover, the autophagy level was further enhanced in the M + salidroside group, which was the same as that in the positive observation group (M + rapamycin). Salidroside treatment not only improved erectile function in rats with BCNI, but also inhibited apoptosis and fibrosis and ameliorated the loss of nerve content and endothelial and corpus cavernosum smooth muscle cells by promoting protective autophagy.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33673163

RESUMO

Western countries are experiencing surges in COVID-19 cases and deaths due to increasing public transportation during holiday seasons. This study aimed to explore whether mainland China will face an epidemic rebound during the Spring Festival holiday, when millions of Chinese people travel across the country, and investigate which nucleic acid testing (NAT) strategy is optimal to contain the epidemic. A microsimulation model was used to simulate SARS-CoV-2 transmission among railway travelers and evaluated the effects of various NAT strategies. An extended susceptible-exposed-infectious-recovered (SEIR) model was built to forecast local transmission during the Spring Festival period under different scenarios of testing strategies. The total number of infections, testing burden, and medical expenditure were calculated to devise an optimal strategy during the Spring Festival travel rush. Assuming the daily incidence of 20 per 10 million persons, our model simulated that there would be 97 active infections on the day of travel among 10 million railway passengers without NAT and symptom screening. Pre-travel testing could reduce the number of active infections. Compared with no NAT, testing passengers from risk tier 2-4 regions 3 days before travelling could significantly reduce the risk of transmission, and it is more economical and efficient than testing for all passengers.


Assuntos
/diagnóstico , Férias e Feriados , Viagem , /transmissão , China/epidemiologia , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Estações do Ano
9.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 203: 106025, 2021 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33714899

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: During capsulotomy, the force applied to the anterior capsule is a crucial parameter controlling capsule tears, that affects the clinical performance. This study aims to investigate the tear force in capsulotomy and analyze the effects of different tearing conditions on the tear force. METHODS: A three-dimensional model of the human lens was constructed based on published clinical data using the finite element (FE) method. The lens model consisted of four layers: the anterior and posterior lens capsule, the cortex, and the nucleus. Distortion energy failure criterion combined with the bilinear interface law was used to express the crack propagation process at the edge of the anterior lens capsule. At the clamping position, a local coordinate system was established to parameterize the capsule tearing. The simulation results were then validated by conducting a capsulorhexis experiment using isolated porcine eyes with force-sensing forceps. RESULTS: The simulation results showed a good agreement with the experimental data of two porcine specimens (No. 6 and 9) during a stable tearing process (p-values = 0.76 and 0.10). The mean force differences between the experimental data and the simulation were 3.10 ± 2.24 mN and 2.14 ± 1.73 mN, respectively. The tear direction with a minimum mean tear force was at θ1 = 0° and θ2 = 30°. The tear velocity was not significantly different to the variation in the tear force. However, an appropriate capsulorhexis diameter was found to contribute to the reduction of tear force. CONCLUSIONS: The outcome of this paper demonstrates that our FE model could be used in modeling lens capsule tearing and the theoretical study of tear mechanism.

10.
Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) ; : 1747021821997826, 2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33573526

RESUMO

Single-bout focused-attention meditation (FAM) and open-monitoring meditation (OMM) are assumed to bias metacontrol states towards more persistent versus more flexible processing, respectively. In Experiment 1, we tested whether monitoring and updating of working memory (WM) representations in an N-back task with high (3-back), medium (2-back), and low (1-back) WM demands (varied within participants) is affected by preceding single-bout FAM or OMM meditation (varied between participants and compared with a control group). The results showed that FAM promotes WM performance in the medium (2-back), but not in the high (3-back) or low (1-back) demand condition, whereas OMM did not affect WM performance. A replication of the 2-back condition only (Experiment 2) showed no meditation effect, but a replication of the 3-back condition only (Experiment 3) produced a similar pattern as the 2-back condition in Experiment 1, with FAM promoting performance compared with OMM and the control condition. Taken together, these findings suggest that the single-bout FAM does promote WM performance but only if the capacity demands are neither too high nor too low.

11.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; : e1626, 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33630413

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Massively parallel sequencing (MPS) is a promising supplementary method for forensic casework in short tandem repeats (STRs) genotyping, owing to several advantageous features in comparison to traditional capillary electrophoresis (CE). However, the application of MPS in casework requires accessible datasets from the worldwide population to enrich the allele frequencies of sequence-based STR genotypes. METHODS: In this study, we report the characterization of sequence-based allele frequencies of 58 STRs from a Tibetan population comprising 120 unrelated individuals using the ForenSeq™ DNA Signature Prep Kit. A concordance study evaluating MPS and CE allele data was performed to ensure that MPS is compatible with current CE-based forensic databases. The diversity of observed alleles, allele frequencies, and forensic parameters per locus by length (LB), sequence without flanking region (RSB), and sequence with flanking region (FSB) were analyzed and compared. RESULTS: The concordance study demonstrated a concordance rate exceeding 99%. The combined random match probability (RMP) for the 26 A-STRs was 2.04 × 10-29 , 1.93 × 10-31 , and 9.56 × 10-33 for LB, RSB, and FSB, respectively. Similar trends were observed in other forensic parameters resulting from the increase in the number of unique alleles available. A total of 111 and 113 unique haplotypes in the Y-STR loci were observed when using length-based and sequence-based alleles, respectively. In addition, we identified 35 novel alleles at 25 loci and 25 polymorphisms in the flanking regions at 17 STRs. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that MPS- and CE-derived alleles are compatible. MPS-based analysis of the STR data substantially increased the allele diversity and improved the forensic parameters, which clearly demonstrated the advantages of MPS in comparison to CE. With more pooled data and larger-scale validation, MPS could play a valuable role in forensic genetics and might be an additional tool for routine casework.

12.
J Neural Eng ; 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545691

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Motor imagery electroencephalography (EEG) decoding is a vital technology for the brain-computer interface (BCI) systems and has been widely studied in recent years. However, the original EEG signals usually contain a lot of class-independent information, and the existing motor imagery EEG decoding methods are easily interfered by this irrelevant information, which greatly limits the decoding accuracy of these methods. APPROACH: To overcome the interference of the class-independent information, a motor imagery EEG decoding method based on feature separation is proposed in this paper. Furthermore, a feature separation network based on adversarial learning (FSNAL) is designed for the feature separation of the original EEG samples. First, the class-related features and class-independent features are separated by the proposed FSNAL framework, and then motor imagery EEG decoding is performed only according to the class-related features to avoid the adverse effects of class-independent features. MAIN RESULTS: To validate the effectiveness of the proposed motor imagery EEG decoding method, we conduct some experiments on two public EEG datasets (the BCI competition IV 2a and 2b datasets). The experimental results comparison between our method and some state-of-the-art methods demonstrates that our motor imagery EEG decoding method outperforms all the compared methods on the two experimental datasets. SIGNIFICANCE: Our motor imagery EEG decoding method can alleviate the interference of class-independent features, and it has great application potential for improving the performance of motor imagery BCI systems in the near future.

13.
J Cell Physiol ; 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33576499

RESUMO

Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a pregnancy-related disorder that occurs after 20 weeks of gestation. It seriously affects the health of maternity and the fetus. However, the pathogenesis of PE is still unknown. Decidualization deficiency is considered a contributing factor to the development of PE. CTP synthetase (CTPS) which is the rate-limiting enzyme in the CTP de novo biosynthesis, is essential for nucleic acid synthesis and cellular energy metabolism, and often appears as cytoophidium in many cell types. Here, we found that the expression of CTPS was significantly downregulated in decidual tissues of patients with severe PE compared with healthy pregnant women. During in vitro decidualization, changes in CTPS were accompanied by opposite fluctuation of the AMPK signaling pathway. Moreover, the downregulation of CTPS by glutamine analogs or CTPS small interfering RNA inhibited the decidualization process and the AMPK signaling pathway. Investigating the underlying mechanism of action by co-immunoprecipitation coupled with mass spectrometry showed that CTPS interacted with ATP synthase (ATPS) and maintained the content of ATP on Day 3 of decidualization. However, when combined with mitochondrial stress protein STRESS-70 instead of ATPS, the concentration of ATP on Day 6 of induction was reduced. Corresponding to this, CTPS was mainly distributes in the cytoplasm on Day 3 of induction, while it appeared both in the cytoplasm and the nucleus on Day 6 in decidualized cells, which was similar to that in cells before induction. In summary, we believe that CTPS plays an important role in decidualization by participating in energy metabolism. Abnormal expression of CTPS in decidualization would lead to abnormal decidualization and consequently result in the occurrence of PE.

14.
Liver Int ; 2021 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33529450

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Plasma-exchange (PE) has improved survival in acute liver failure by ameliorating systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). We evaluated PE and compared it to Fractional Plasma Separation and Adsorption (FPSA) and standard medical treatment (SMT) in a large multinational cohort of ACLF patients. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected from the AARC database and analysed. Matching by propensity risk score (PRS) was performed. Competing risk survival analysis was done to identify deaths because of multiorgan failure (MOF). In a subset of 10 patients, we also evaluated the mechanistic basis of response to PE. RESULTS: ACLF patients (n = 1866, mean age 44.3 ± 12.3 yrs, 93% males, 65% alcoholics) received either artificial liver support (ALS) (n = 162); [PE (n = 131), FPSA (n = 31)] or were continued on standard medical therapy (SMT) (n = 1704). In the PRS-matched cohort (n = 208, [ALS-119; PE-94, FPSA-25)], SMT-89). ALS therapies were associated with a significantly higher resolution of SIRS (Odd's ratio 9.23,3.42-24.8), lower and delayed development of MOF (Hazard ratio 7.1, 4.5-11.1), and lower liver-failure-related deaths as compared to FPSA and SMT (P < .05). PE cleared inflammatory cytokines, damage-associated molecular patterns, and endotoxin in all patients. Responders improved monocyte phagocytic function and mitochondrial respiration and increased the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA) compared to non-responders. PE was associated with lesser adverse effects as compared to FPSA. CONCLUSIONS: PE improves systemic inflammation and lowers the development of MOF in patients with ACLF. Plasma-exchange provides significant survival benefit over FPSA and could be a preferred modality of liver support for ACLF patients.

15.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(1): 349-357, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33477244

RESUMO

In recent years, the research on the effects of urban road green space on local pollutant dispersion has been quite active, with mounting empirical results. Due to the lack of summary and arrangement, however, it is difficult to effectively guide the practice of urban green space construction. In this review, the road and green belt research objects were classified. Based on two common methods of field measurement and numerical simulation, the pollutant concentration index, vegetation characters and other influencing factors involved in relevant research were systematically reviewed. The effects of road green space on dispersion of local pollution were summarized. Future research should be strengthened in the aspects of expanding research objects, comprehensively considering multiple ecological processes, integrating two basic methods, and improving the accuracy and richness of data.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Simulação por Computador , Monitoramento Ambiental , Poluição Ambiental , Modelos Teóricos , Parques Recreativos
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33479790

RESUMO

The enfacement illusion refers to the illusory perception that features of another face that moves in synchrony with one's own facial movements become part of one's own body. Here, we tested whether males whose facial movements are synchronized with a virtual female face exhibit a less pronounced implicit gender-science stereotype than males whose movements are not synchronized. Results show that illusory ownership and agency of the face with opposite gender was successfully induced, and that synchrony significantly reduced the implicit gender-science stereotype as compared with nonsynchrony. Our findings are in line with previous demonstrations about being synchronized with other individuals facilitates feature migration-that is, the integration of their features into one's self-representation.

17.
J Mol Med (Berl) ; 99(3): 373-382, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33409552

RESUMO

Vascular calcification may result from stimulation of osteogenic signalling with upregulation of the transcription factors CBFA1, MSX2 and SOX9, as well as alkaline phosphatase (ALPL), which degrades and thus inactivates the calcification inhibitor pyrophosphate. Osteogenic signalling further involves upregulation of the Ca2+-channel ORAI1. The channel is activated by STIM1 and then accomplishes store-operated Ca2+ entry. ORAI1 and STIM1 are upregulated by the serum & glucocorticoid inducible kinase 1 (SGK1) which is critically important for osteogenic signalling. Stimulators of vascular calcification include vasopressin. The present study explored whether exposure of human aortic smooth muscle cells (HAoSMCs) to vasopressin upregulates ORAI1 and/or STIM1 expression, store-operated Ca2+ entry and osteogenic signalling. To this end, HAoSMCs were exposed to vasopressin (100 nM, 24 h) without or with additional exposure to ORAI1 blocker MRS1845 (10 µM) or SGK1 inhibitor GSK-650394 (1 µM). Transcript levels were measured using q-RT-PCR, cytosolic Ca2+-concentration ([Ca2+]i) by Fura-2-fluorescence, and store-operated Ca2+ entry from increase of [Ca2+]i following re-addition of extracellular Ca2+ after store depletion with thapsigargin (1 µM). As a result, vasopressin enhanced the transcript levels of ORAI1 and STIM1, store-operated Ca2+ entry, as well as the transcript levels of CBFA1, MSX2, SOX9 and ALPL. The effect of vasopressin on store-operated Ca2+ entry as well as on transcript levels of CBFA1, MSX2, SOX9 and ALPL was virtually abrogated by MRS1845 and GSK-650394. In conclusion, vasopressin stimulates expression of ORAI1/STIM1, thus augmenting store-operated Ca2+ entry and osteogenic signalling. In HAoSMCs, vasopressin (VP) upregulates Ca2+ channel ORAI1 and its activator STIM1. VP upregulates store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) and osteogenic signalling (OS). VP-induced SOCE, OS and Ca2+-deposition are disrupted by ORAI1 inhibitor MRS1845. VP-induced SOCE, OS and Ca2+-deposition are disrupted by SGK1 blocker GSK-650394. KEY MESSAGES: • In HAoSMCs, vasopressin (VP) upregulates Ca2+ channel ORAI1 and its activator STIM1. • VP upregulates store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) and osteogenic signalling (OS). • VP-induced SOCE, OS and Ca2+-deposition are disrupted by ORAI1 inhibitor MRS1845. • VP-induced SOCE, OS and Ca2+-deposition are disrupted by SGK1 blocker GSK-650394.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33460382

RESUMO

With the rapid development of deep learning, more and more deep learning-based motor imagery electroencephalograph (EEG) decoding methods have emerged in recent years. However, the existing deep learning-based methods usually only adopt the constraint of classification loss, which hardly obtains the features with high discrimination and limits the improvement of EEG decoding accuracy. In this paper, a discriminative feature learning strategy is proposed to improve the discrimination of features, which includes the central distance loss (CD-loss), the central vector shift strategy, and the central vector update process. First, the CD-loss is proposed to make the same class of samples converge to the corresponding central vector. Then, the central vector shift strategy extends the distance between different classes of samples in the feature space. Finally, the central vector update process is adopted to avoid the non-convergence of CD-loss and weaken the influence of the initial value of central vectors on the final results. In addition, overfitting is another severe challenge for deep learning-based EEG decoding methods. To deal with this problem, a data augmentation method based on circular translation strategy is proposed to expand the experimental datasets without introducing any extra noise or losing any information of the original data. To validate the effectiveness of the proposed method, we conduct some experiments on two public motor imagery EEG datasets (BCI competition IV 2a and 2b dataset), respectively. The comparison with current state-of-the-art methods indicates that our method achieves the highest average accuracy and good stability on the two experimental datasets.

19.
Langmuir ; 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33411540

RESUMO

Room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) have a wide range of current and potential applications, in areas ranging from supercapacitor energy storage to sequestration of toxic gas phase species and use as reusable solvents for selected organic reactions. All these applications stem from their unique physical and chemical properties, which remain understood to only a limited extent. Among the issues of greatest importance is the extent to which RTILs exist as dissociated ionic species and the length scales over which some types of organizations are seen to exist in them. In this Invited Feature Article, we review the current understanding of organization in this family of materials, where opportunities lie in terms of deepening our understanding, and what potential applications would benefit from gaining such knowledge.

20.
Theranostics ; 11(2): 768-788, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33391504

RESUMO

Rationale: The combination of medical and tissue engineering in neural regeneration studies is a promising field. Collagen, silk fibroin and seed cells are suitable options and have been widely used in the repair of spinal cord injury. In this study, we aimed to determine whether the implantation of a complex fabricated with collagen/silk fibroin (SF) and the human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) can promote cerebral cortex repair and motor functional recovery in a canine model of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methods: A porous scaffold was fabricated with cross-linked collagen and SF. Its physical properties and degeneration rate were measured. The scaffolds were co-cultured with hUCMSCs after which an implantable complex was formed. After complex implantation to a canine model of TBI, the motor evoked potential (MEP) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were used to evaluate the integrity of the cerebral cortex. The neurologic score, motion capture, surface electromyography (sEMG), and vertical ground reaction force (vGRF) were measured in the analysis of motor functions. In vitro analysis of inflammation levels was performed by Elisa while immunohistochemistry was used in track the fate of hUCMSCs. In situ hybridization, transmission electron microscope, and immunofluorescence were used to assess neural and vascular regeneration. Results: Favorable physical properties, suitable degradation rate, and biocompatibility were observed in the collagen/SF scaffolds. The group with complex implantation exhibited the best cerebral cortex integrity and motor functions. The implantation also led to the regeneration of more blood vessels and nerve fibers, less glial fibers, and inflammatory factors. Conclusion: Implantation of this complex enhanced therapy in traumatic brain injury (TBI) through structural repair and functional recovery. These effects exhibit the translational prospects for the clinical application of this complex.

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