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1.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; : 960327120903482, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031413

RESUMO

Arsenic is an environmental poison and is a grade I human carcinogen that can cause many types of damage to the body. The skin is one of the main target organs of arsenic damage, but the molecular mechanisms underlying arsenic poisoning are not clear. Arsenic is an epigenetic agent. Histone acetylation is one of the earliest covalent modifications to be discovered and is closely related to the occurrence and development of tumors. To investigate the role of acetylated histone H3K18 (H3K18 ac) in arsenic-induced DNA damage, HaCaT cells were exposed to sodium arsenite (NaAsO2) for 24 h. It was found that arsenic induced the downregulation of xeroderma pigmentosum A, D, and F (XPA, XPD, and XPF-nucleotide excision repair (NER)-related genes) expression, as well as histone H3K18 ac expression, and aggravated DNA damage. Chromatin immunoprecipitation quantitative polymerase chain reaction (ChIP-qPCR) analysis showed that H3K18 acetylation in the promoter regions of XPA, XPD, and XPF was downregulated. In addition, the use of the histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA) partially inhibited arsenic-induced DNA damage, inhibited deacetylation of H3K18 ac in the promoter regions of XPA, XPD, and XPF genes, increased acetylation of H3K18, and promoted the transcriptional expression of NER-related genes. Our study revealed that NaAsO2 induces DNA damage and inhibits the expression of NER-related genes, while TSA increases the H3K18 ac enrichment level and promotes the transcriptional expression of NER, thereby inhibiting DNA damage. These findings provide new ideas for understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying arsenic-induced skin damage.

2.
Clin Exp Dermatol ; 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049370

RESUMO

Ichthyosis hystrix, Curth-Macklin type (IHCM) is an extremely rare autosomal dominant dermatosis caused by mutations in KRT1 or KRT10, that often manifests as extensive, dark, spiky or verrucous plaques and severe palmoplantar keratoderma. We found a novel frameshift trucation mutation c.1596_1597insAT, p. Gly533Metfs*82 in exon7 (V2 tail domian) of KRT1, which replacing the glycine-serine-rich tail of KRT1 with the alanine-rich 75 amino acids, developed a mild IHCM phenotype. The patient presented with localized ichthyosis and progressive hyperkeratosis of the palms and soles with no blister history.

3.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(0): E001, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32077663

RESUMO

For effective resistance to virus attack and infection, reducing virus transmission chance, it is extremely important for the medical staff and related workers to have their own safe protection. This paper summarizes the development causes, common locations, and prevention ways about the device related pressure injuries on the face resulted from wearing medical-grade protective equipment for a long working time. The paper proposes the nursing strategy for device related pressure injuries and other nursing strategy is proposed to take care efficiently the device related pressure injuries. Meantime, a corresponding nursing strategy is also suggested to deal with the correlative skin diseases during the application of medical-grade protective equipment. These paper aims to provide reference for the prevention of device related pressure injuries and the care of skin-related diseases for clinical working staff, especially to the respectable personnel in front line of fighting against Corona virus disease 2019.

5.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939197

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect f angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) on renal or cardiovascular outcomes in patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN). METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the treatment effects of ACEI and ARB on renal or cardiovascular outcomes in patients with DN until August 2017. The outcomes included end-stage renal disease (ESRD), doubling of serum creatinine levels, all-cause mortality, major cardiovascular events (MACEs), myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, and cardiac death. Relative risks (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used for calculating the summary results using a random-effects model. RESULTS: Twenty-four RCTs including 57,818 patients with DN and 891 events of ESRD, 1050 doubling of serum creatinine concentration, 4352 all-cause mortality, 6342 MACEs, 1073 MI, 2900 stroke, and 1674 cardiac deaths were reported. Overall, the summary results suggested that in patients with DN, receiving ACEI did not have a significant effect on ESRD, doubling of serum creatinine levels, all-cause mortality, MI, stroke, and cardiac death, while ACEI significantly reduced the risk of total MACEs. Furthermore, ARB therapy was associated with a low risk of ESRD and doubling of serum creatinine levels, while it did not differ significantly on all-cause mortality, MACEs, MI, stroke, and cardiac death in patients with DN. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with DN receiving ACEI had significantly reduced the risk of total MACEs, and ARB could reduce the incidence of ESRD and the doubling of serum creatinine levels.

6.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(2): 97-103, 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31937047

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the role of pulmonary arterial pressure in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) phenotypes based on cluster analysis and its prognostic value. Methods: Three hundred and nineteen patients admitted to Beijing Chaoyang Hospital and Xuanwu Hospital from April 2013 to April 2016 were recruited in the study. All the patients were older than 40 years old and in stable COPD. One-year follow-up was performed and the endpoint was acute exacerbation of COPD or all-cause mortality. Age, body mass index (BMI), smoking index, history of exacerbation, modified British medical research council (mMRC), forced expiratory volume in first second (FEV(1)), pulmonary arterial pressure and right ventricular transverse diameter measured by echocardiography were selected as cluster indicators to classify patients, survival analysis was performed. Results: Eight cluster indexes were converted into four independent principal components by principal component analysis (PCA), with a cumulative contribution rate of 70.1%. The extracted principal components were used for cluster analysis. Patients were divided into four categories, each contained different GOLD grades and had statistically significant differences in age, symptoms, degree of pulmonary function impairment and pulmonary arterial pressure (all P<0.001). The four categories were: class 1: young, pulmonary function damage was medium, lower pulmonary arterial pressure, good prognosis; class 2: elderly, pulmonary function damage was mild, higher pulmonary arterial pressure, poor prognosis; class 3: young, pulmonary function damage was serious, normal pulmonary arterial pressure, the best prognosis; class 4: elderly, pulmonary function damage was medium, pulmonary arterial pressure increased significantly, the worst prognosis. Conclusion: Cluster analysis based on pulmonary artery pressure can be used to identify COPD patients with different risk of acute exacerbation or death, suggesting that pulmonary hypertension as a COPD phenotype plays a role in prognostic assessment.


Assuntos
Pressão Arterial , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Adulto , Idoso , Análise por Conglomerados , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Fenótipo , Prognóstico
7.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(1): 41-45, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31905475

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of eradication therapy based on Helicobacter pylori (Hp) susceptibility and CYP2C19 genotype in children with refractory Hp infection. Methods: In this prospective observational cohort study, 156 children with Hp refractory to amoxicillin+clarithromycin+omeprazole triple regimen in Baoding Children's Hospital from December 2017 to May 2018 were enrolled. Ninety-two of them underwent Hp culture and CYP2C19 detection. Seventy-five cases with positive Hp culture were defined as culture successful group and were treated according to Hp susceptibility and CYP2C19 genotype. Seventeen cases with negative Hp culture were defined as culture failed group and were treated only based on the results of CYP2C19 genotype. Sixty-four children who did not have Hp culture and CYP2C19 gene testing were defined as the empirical eradication therapy group and were treated with quadruple regimen (amoxicillin+metronidazole+omeprazole+bismuth). Bacterial resistance, CYP2C19 polymorphism and therapeutic effectiveness between the three groups were compared using chi-square test. Results: Among the 75 positive Hp culture results, 72 (96%) were resistant to clarithromycin, 3 (4%) were resistant to metronidazole, 5 (7%) were resistant to levofloxacin, 5 (7%) were resistant to rifampicin, 1 (1%) was resistant to tetracycline, and none was resistant to amoxicillin and furazolidone. The CYP2C19 polymorphism in 92 patients showed that 43 (47%) were extensive metabolizer (EM), 9 (10%) were poor metabolizer (PM), and 40 (43%) were intermediate metabolizer (IM). In terms of the effectiveness, eradication rate in the culture successful group,culture failed group and empirical eradication therapy group were 99% (74/75), 88% (15/17) and 72% (46/64), respectively (χ(2)=21.325, P<0.05). The eradication rate in the culture successful group was significantly higher than that in empirical eradication therapy group (χ(2)=21.005, P<0.05), while there was no difference between empirical eradication therapy group and culture failed group (χ(2)=1.154, P=0.283). Conclusion: Eradication regimen based on bacterial susceptibility and CYP2C19 genotype should be considered in children with refractory Hp infection.


Assuntos
Citocromo P-450 CYP2C19/genética , Quimioterapia Combinada , Infecções por Helicobacter/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Helicobacter/genética , Helicobacter pylori/efeitos dos fármacos , Helicobacter pylori/genética , Omeprazol/uso terapêutico , Amoxicilina/uso terapêutico , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Bismuto/uso terapêutico , Criança , Claritromicina/administração & dosagem , Claritromicina/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Coortes , Resistência a Medicamentos/genética , Feminino , Genótipo , Helicobacter pylori/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Masculino , Metronidazol/uso terapêutico , Omeprazol/administração & dosagem , Polimorfismo Genético , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Andrology ; 8(1): 117-124, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31169363

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited studies have explored the association between gaseous pollutant exposures and male reproductive outcomes, and findings remained inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the potential association  between gaseous pollutants and semen quality within different exposure windows. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We adopted semen quality data of 1852 subjects who attended the Reproductive Medicine Center of Renmin Hospital at Wuhan University during January 1st, 2013, to August 3rd, 2015. A generalized linear model was employed to assess the relationship between each exposure variable and sperm parameters in different exposure windows. RESULTS: SO2 exposure with lag 0-90 days was significantly associated with decreased sperm concentration (ß: -1.362; 95% CI: -1.844, -0.879), sperm count (ß: -2.979; 95% CI: -4.267, -1.691), and PR (ß: -0.551; 95% CI: -0.710, -0.393). Similar trends were observed for SO2 exposure with three other key periods (lag 0-9, 10-14, and 70-90 days). NO2 exposure with lag 0-90 days was also associated with decreased sperm concentration (ß: -0.517; 95% CI: -1.006, -0.027), sperm count (ß: -1.914; 95% CI: -3.214, -0.615), and PR (ß: -0.264; 95% CI: -0.425, -0.102). No relationship between gaseous pollutant exposure and ejaculate volume was observed in any exposure window. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Our study indicated a strong adverse effect of gaseous pollutants on semen quality outcomes during the sperm development. Gaseous pollution exposure appeared to be more detrimental in the initial phase of spermatogenesis.

9.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 32(3): 035402, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31557731

RESUMO

Recent experiments have demonstrated the existence of vortex or flux-closure domains in ferroelectric nanostructures, which are attractive to develop high-density data storage and novel configurable electronic devices. However, it remains challenging to stabilize in-plane vortex or flux-closure domains in ferroelectric film for the absence of a lateral geometry confinement. Based on a 3D phase field model, here we show that stabilization of isolated or interacting in-plane vortices in ferroelectric film can be achieved via applying a mechanical tip-force. The formation of such dipole vortices is caused by a conjoint effect of the tip-force-induced depolarization effect and in-plane strain. The effects of factors like film thickness, misfit strain, tip force and temperature on the vortex formation are systematically revealed and summarized as phase diagrams. The interaction between tip-induced vortices is also investigated. It is found that as the two tips get closer than the critical distance, the two initially isolated vortices become coupled, with identical or opposite chirality, depending on the distance between the two tips. A maximum data storage density of isolated in-plane vortices in ferroelectric thin film is estimated to be ~1 Tb in-2. Our work thus demonstrates a mechanical strategy to stabilize dipole vortices, and provides a comprehensive insight into the characteristics of ferroelectric film under a mechanical tip force.

10.
Clin Exp Dermatol ; 45(1): 79-85, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31074881

RESUMO

Blue rubber bleb naevus syndrome (BRBNS) is an extremely rare venous malformation that often manifests as multiple haemangioma-like lesions in the skin and gastrointestinal tract. The drug sirolimus plays a key role in the signalling pathway of angiogenesis and subsequent development of BRBNS and its use has been described in several case reports. We present a case series of four patients with BRBNS who exhibited good treatment response to sirolimus. All four patients were administered oral sirolimus at doses of 1.0-1.5 mg/m2 /day with a target drug level of 5-10 ng/mL and median treatment duration of 20 months. All patients had a reduction in the size of the lesions and a normalization of coagulopathy with tolerable drug adverse reactions at follow-up. Sirolimus may be effective and safe in paediatric patients with BRBNS. Further prospective studies are suggested to evaluate the long-term effectiveness of this drug.

11.
Plant Biol (Stuttg) ; 22(1): 3-12, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571396

RESUMO

Astragalus adsurgens Pall., a perennial legume native to China, is commonly used as a forage crop. And it has great value for sustainable development of grasslands in arid and semi arid regions. However, to date, little is known regarding the A. adsurgens genome, and no studies have determined whether it would be possible to improve the germplasm of A. adsurgens through genetic modification. In this study, we used an RNA-seq protocol to generate a de novo transcriptome including 151,516 unigenes of A. adsurgens. We compared the transcriptomes of A. adsurgens having different growth habits (prostrate/erect) and identified 14,133 single nucleotide polymorphism sites (SNP) in 8,139 unigenes. Differential expression gene (DEG) analysis suggested that 10,982 unigenes were up-regulated in the prostrate plant relative to the erect plant, while 10,607 unigenes were down-regulated. Of the 21,589 DEG, Unigene72782_All (LAX4) and CL12494.Contig3_All (TIR1), an auxin transporter gene and an auxin transport inhibitor gene, respectively, were predicted to influence the growth habit of A. adsurgens, which were verified by qRT-PCR in these phenotypes. These results suggest that auxin transport was more active in the prostrate plant than in the erect plant, resulting in asymmetric distribution of auxin that affects the growth habit of A. adsurgens. Overall, this study may provide a basis for future research on key genes in A. adsurgens and may deepen our understanding of the molecular mechanisms regulating plant growth habit.

12.
Am J Surg ; 219(1): 49-53, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31537325

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Trauma video review (TVR) for quality improvement and education in the United States has been described for nearly three decades. The most recent information on this practice indicated a declining prevalence. We hypothesized that TVR utilization has increased since most recent estimates. METHODS: We conducted a survey of TVR practices at level I and level II US trauma centers. We distributed an electronic survey covering past, current, and future TVR utilization to the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma membership. RESULTS: 45.0% of US level I and level II trauma centers completed surveys. 71/249 centers (28.5%) had active TVR programs. The use of TVR did not differ between level I and level II centers (28.8% vs. 27.8%, p = 0.87). Respondents using TVR were overwhelmingly positive about its perception (median score 8, [IQR 6-9]; 10 = 'best') at their institutions. CONCLUSIONS: TVR use at Level I centers has increased over the past decade. Increased TVR utilization may form the basis for multicenter studies comparing processes of care during trauma resuscitation.

13.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(12): 939-943, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826600

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the early- and midterm outcomes of pulmonary artery banding as an initial palliation in patients with single ventricle associated with unrestricted pulmonary blood flow. Methods: Between January 2008 and December 2017, 49 patients with single ventricle and unrestricted pulmonary blood flow underwent pulmonary artery banding at Department of Cardiac Surgery, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University. There were 29 males and 20 females. The age at the time of surgery was 5.6 (11.5) months (M(Q(R))), and the weight was 5.2 (3.9) kg. The medical records and results after pulmonary artery banding (death/reoperation, transition to the Glenn procedure) and subsequently after the Glenn procedure (death, transition to the Fontan procedure) were reviewed retrospectively. Actuarial survivals were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier curve. Relative factors for affecting outcomes were analyzed using the Cox regression hazard model. Results: There were 8 early deaths, with a mortality of 16.3%, including 4 cases who received simultaneous arch repair. There were 5 late deaths. During the follow-up of 47(62) (M(Q(R))) months, 11 patients (22.4%) underwent pulmonary artery banding adjustment, 29 patients (59.2%) underwent the Glenn procedure, 21 patients (42.8%) underwent the Fontan procedure. The survival of patients after the initial pulmonary artery banding were 77.4% (95%CI: 65.6% to 89.2%) and 72.6% (95%CI: 59.9% to 85.3%) at 1 year and 5 years, respectively. Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that systemic ventricular outflow tract obstruction (HR=4.25, 95%CI: 1.50 to 12.03, P=0.006) and total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (HR=6.49, 95%CI: 3.24 to 12.98, P=0.000) were relative factors for death. Conclusions: The early and midterm outcomes of pulmonary artery banding as an initial palliative strategy is not satisfactory. Systemic ventricular outflow tract obstruction and total anomalous pulmonary venous connection are associated with high mortality.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas/mortalidade , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Ventrículos do Coração/anormalidades , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Circulação Pulmonar , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos
16.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(12): 840-847, 2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874474

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the feasible cervical cancer screening strategies in rural China. Methods: The study was based on the health industry scientific research project of National Health Commission in 2015, cervical cancer screening technology and demonstration research suitable for rural areas in China, we collected health economics and epidemiological parameters and established the unscreening model and screening model with Treeage Pro 2011 software. Combining with the data acquired from site investigation, including population screening, treatment-related clinical materials and cost data, we simulated the occurrence and the development of cervical cancer of rural women in China under different screening and intervention programs and predicted the screening effects [cumulative incidence, cumulative risk of disease, life years and quality adjusted life years (QALY) , gains] and costs after 20 years, and using health economic evaluation analysis (cost-effectiveness analysis, cost-utility analysis, cost-benefit analysis). Screening programs included five screening strategies [visual inspection with acetic acid/lugol's iodine (VIA/VILI), careHPV, ThinPrep cytology test (TCT), careHPV+TCT, careHPV+VIA/VILI] and three screening intervals (1-year, 3-year, 5-year), a total of fifteen screening programs. Results: Compared with no screening, fifteen screening programs reduced the cumulative incidence by 22.65%-51.76%. Compared with TCT or VIA/VILI, for the same screening interval, the reduced cumulative incidence, the amounts of life-year saved and QALY and benefits gained of careHPV were the highest. The cost-effectiveness ratios of these screening programs ranged (0.44-3.24)×10(4) Yuan per life-year saved, cost-utility ratios ranged (0.15- 1.01)×10(4) Yuan per QALY, benefit-cost ratios ranged 7.73-59.10. The results of incremental costeffectiveness ratios showed that VIA/VILI every five years, VIA/VILI every three years, careHPV every five years, careHPV every three years and careHPV every year were dominant programs. Conclusions: VIA/VILI screening is cost-effective, careHPV is slightly more expensive but more effective. In rural China, careHPV screening every five years could be recommended. This study provides a basis for the determination of cervical cancer screening methods feasible for rural areas in China.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer/economia , Programas de Rastreamento/economia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , China , Análise Custo-Benefício , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Cadeias de Markov , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Saúde da População Rural , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/economia
17.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(24): 10835-10841, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31858552

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer (BC) is one of the most common fatal cancers. Recent studies have identified the vital roles of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in the development and progression of BC. This research aimed to investigate the underlying mechanisms of lncRNA TTN-AS1 in the metastasis of BC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: TTN-AS1 expression of tissues was detected by Real Time-quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-qPCR) in 50 BC patients. Wound healing assay and transwell assay were used to observe the phenotypic alteration of BC cells after knockdown or overexpression of TTN-AS1. Moreover, RT-qPCR and Western blot assay were performed to discover the potential targets of TTN-AS1 in BC. RESULTS: TTN-AS1 expression in BC samples was significantly higher than that of the adjacent tissues. Besides, the migration and invasion of BC cells were markedly inhibited after TTN-AS1 was silenced, while promoted after TTN-AS1 overexpression. In addition, a remarkable decrease of DGCR8 was observed after TTN-AS1 was inhibited in BC cells, while DGCR8 was upregulated after overexpression of TTN-AS1. Furthermore, DGCR8 expression showed significant enhancement in BC tissues and was positively associated with TTN-AS1 level. CONCLUSIONS: Our study uncovered a new oncogene in BC and suggested that TTN-AS1 could enhance BC cell migration and invasion via sponging DGCR8, which provided a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of breast cancer.

18.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(24): 10708-10720, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31858580

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers globally. LncRNA HLA complex group 11 (HCG11) has been reported to play an oncogenic role in multiple cancers. Nevertheless, the role and regulatory mechanism of HCG11 in HCC are not fully addressed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The abundance of HCG11 and miR-26a-5p was measured by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) in HCC tissues and cells. Cell proliferation, apoptosis, metastasis, and autophagy were detected by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT), flow cytometry, transwell migration, invasion assays, and Western blot assay, respectively. The binding sites between miR-26a-5p and HCG11 or autophagy-related 12 (ATG12) were predicted by starBase bioinformatic software, and the combination was confirmed by Dual-Luciferase reporter assay. The abundance of ATG12 was examined by Western blot assay. Murine xenograft model was established to validate the function of HCG11 in vivo. RESULTS: The enrichment of HCG11 was enhanced in HCC tissues and cells and was negatively related to the prognosis of HCC patients. The abundance of miR-26a-5p was inversely correlated with the level of HCG11 in HCC tissues. HCG11 interference suppressed the proliferation, metastasis, and autophagy while promoted the apoptosis of HCC cells. MiR-26a-5p bound to lncRNA HCG11 and ATG12. The depletion of miR-26a-5p or the accumulation of ATG12 could alleviate the suppressive effects induced by HCG11 intervention on the proliferation, metastasis, autophagy, and the promoting impact on the apoptosis of HCC cells. HCG11 promoted the growth of murine xenograft tumor and autophagy through miR-26a-5p/ATG12 axis in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA HCG11 accelerated the proliferation, metastasis, and autophagy while impeded the apoptosis of HCC cells via HCG11/miR-26a-5p/ATG12 axis. HCG11 might be a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of HCC.

19.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 51(6): 1159-1164, 2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31848522

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the seven-step two-lobe holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) technique with low power laser device, and to introduce the detailed operating procedures, key points, short-term outcomes of this modified HoLEP technique. METHODS: From March 2016 to November 2017, 90 patients underwent HoLEP in Peking University Third Hospital. The patients were divided into two groups: high-power group (32 patients) were performed with traditional Gilling's three-lobe enucleation using high power (90 W) laser; Low-power group (58 patients) were performed with seven-step two-lobe enucleation using low power (40 W) laser. The main steps of the low power seven-step two-lobe HoLEP phase included: (1) The identification of the correct plane between adenoma and capsule at 5 and 7 o'clock laterally to the veru montanum; (2) The connection of the bilateral plane by making a adenoma incision at the proximal point of veru montanum; (3) The extension of the dorsal plane under the whole three lobes between adenoma and capsule towards the bladder neck; (4) The separation of the middle lobe from two lateral lobes by making two retrograde incisions separately from apex 5 and 7 o'clock towards the bladder neck; (5) The enucleation of the middle lobe adenoma by extending the dorsal plane through into the bladder; (6) The prevention of the apex mucosa by making a circle incision at the apex of the prostate; (7) The en-bloc enucleation of the two lateral lobe adenomas by extending the lateral and ventral plane between adenoma and capsule from 5 and 7 o'clock to 12 o'clock conjunction and through into the bladder. RESULTS: The mean patient age was (66.25±5.37) years vs. (68.00±5.18) years; The mean body mass indexes were (24.13±4.06) kg/m2 vs. (24.57±3.50) kg/m2; The mean prostate specific antigen values were (3.23±2.47) µg/L vs. (6.00±6.09) µg/L; The average prostatic volumes evaluated by ultrasound was (49.03±20.63) mL vs. (67.55±36.97) mL. There was no significant difference between the two groups. Furthermore, there were no significant differences in terms of perioperative and follow up data, including operative time; enucleation efficiencies; hemoglobin decrease; blood sodium and potassiumthe change postoperatively; catheterization duration and hospital stay; the international prostate symptom scores and quality of life scores pre- and post-operatively. There was 1 transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) conversion in high-power group and 1 transfusion in low-power group during the operations. The follow-up one month after operation showed no severe stress incontinence in both the groups, whereas 3 cases ejaculatory dysfunctions in high-power group versus 1 case in low-power group were observed; Other surgeryrelated complications included: 2 cases postoperative hemorrhage (Clavien II and Clavien IIIb) in high-power group, 2 cases postoperative temperature more than 38 °C (Clavien I) and 1 case dysuria following catheter removal (Clavien I) in low-power group. CONCLUSION: Low power laser device can be applied safe and effectively for HoLEP procedure using the seven-step two-lobe HoLEP technique. The outcomes comparable with high power laser HoLEP can be achieved.


Assuntos
Terapia a Laser , Lasers de Estado Sólido , Hiperplasia Prostática , Ressecção Transuretral da Próstata , Hólmio , Humanos , Masculino , Hiperplasia Prostática/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
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