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1.
J Transl Med ; 22(1): 656, 2024 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39004743

RESUMO

NAD-dependent deacetylase Sirt2 is involved in mammalian metabolic activities, matching energy demand with energy production and expenditure, and is relevant to a variety of metabolic diseases. Here, we constructed Sirt2 knockout and adeno-associated virus overexpression mice and found that deletion of hepatic Sirt2 accelerated primary obesity and insulin resistance in mice with concomitant hepatic metabolic dysfunction. However, the key targets of Sirt2 are unknown. We identified the M2 isoform of pyruvate kinase (PKM2) as a key Sirt2 target involved in glycolysis in metabolic stress. Through yeast two-hybrid and mass spectrometry combined with multi-omics analysis, we identified candidate acetylation modification targets of Sirt2 on PKM2 lysine 135 (K135). The Sirt2-mediated deacetylation-ubiquitination switch of PKM2 regulated the development of glycolysis. Here, we found that Sirt2 deficiency led to impaired glucose tolerance and insulin resistance and induced primary obesity. Sirt2 severely disrupted liver function in mice under metabolic stress, exacerbated the metabolic burden on the liver, and affected glucose metabolism. Sirt2 underwent acetylation modification of lysine 135 of PKM2 through a histidine 187 enzyme active site-dependent effect and reduced ubiquitination of the K48 ubiquitin chain of PKM2. Our findings reveal that the hepatic glucose metabolism links nutrient state to whole-body energetics through the rhythmic regulation of Sirt2.


Assuntos
Fígado , Piruvato Quinase , Sirtuína 2 , Estresse Fisiológico , Ubiquitinação , Animais , Sirtuína 2/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Acetilação , Piruvato Quinase/metabolismo , Camundongos Knockout , Resistência à Insulina , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Obesidade/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Glicólise , Humanos
2.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; : 167358, 2024 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39025374

RESUMO

Radiation-induced pulmonary fibrosis (RIPF) is a frequently encountered late complication in patients undergoing radiation therapy, presenting a substantial risk to patient mortality and quality of life. The pathogenesis of RIPF remains unclear, and current treatment options are limited in efficacy. High-dose vitamin C has demonstrated potential when used in conjunction with other adjuvant therapies due to potent anticancer properties. However, the potential relationship between high-dose vitamin C and RIPF has not yet been explored in existing literature. In our study, the RIPF model and the LLC tumor model were used as two animal models to explore how high-dose vitamin C can improve RIPF without hampering the antitumour efficacy of radiotherapy. The impact of high-dose vitamin C on RIPF was assessed through various assays, including micro-CT, HE staining, Masson staining, and immunohistochemistry. Our results indicated that administering high-dose vitamin C 2 days before radiation and continuing for a duration of 6 weeks significantly inhibited the progression of RIPF. In order to explore the mechanism by which high-dose vitamin C attenuates RIPF, we utilized RNA-seq analysis of mouse lung tissue in conjunction with publicly available databases. Our findings indicated that high-dose vitamin C inhibits the differentiation of fibroblasts into myofibroblasts by targeting S100A8 and S100A9 derived from neutrophils. Additionally, the combination of high-dose vitamin C and radiation demonstrated enhanced inhibition of tumor growth in a murine LLC tumor model. These results revealed that the combination of radiotherapy and high-dose vitamin C may offer a promising therapeutic approach for the clinical management of thoracic tumors and the prevention of RIPF.

3.
J Biol Chem ; : 107552, 2024 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39002678

RESUMO

Mutations in the endosomal Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE6) cause Christianson Syndrome (CS), an X-linked neurological disorder. NHE6 functions in regulation of endosome acidification and maturation in neurons. Using yeast two-hybrid screening with the NHE6 carboxyl-terminus as bait, we identify Golgi-associated, Gamma adaptin ear containing, ARF binding protein 1 (GGA1) as an interacting partner for NHE6. We corroborated the NHE6-GGA1 interaction using: co-immunoprecipitation (co-IP); over-expressed constructs in mammalian cells; and co-IP of endogenously-expressed GGA1 and NHE6 from neuroblastoma cells, as well as from mouse brain. We demonstrate that GGA1 interacts with organellar NHEs (NHE6, NHE7 and NHE9), and that there is significantly less interaction with cell-surface localized NHEs (NHE1 and NHE5). By constructing hybrid NHE1/NHE6 exchangers, we demonstrate that the cytoplasmic tail of NHE6 interacts most strongly with GGA1. We demonstrate the co-localization of NHE6 and GGA1 in cultured, primary hippocampal neurons, using super-resolution microscopy. We test the hypothesis that the interaction of NHE6 and GGA1 functions in the localization of NHE6 to the endosome compartment. Using subcellular fractionation experiments, we show that NHE6 is mis-localized in GGA1 knockout cells, wherein we find less NHE6 in endosomes, but more NHE6 transport to lysosomes, and more Golgi retention of NHE6, with increased exocytosis to the surface plasma membrane. Consistent with NHE6 mis-localization, and Golgi retention, we find the intra-luminal pH in Golgi to be alkalinized in GGA1-null cells. Our study demonstrates a new interaction between NHE6 and GGA1 which functions in the localization of this intra-cellular NHE to the endosome compartment.

4.
Genome Biol Evol ; 16(7)2024 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38946321

RESUMO

Oecanthus is a genus of cricket known for its distinctive chirping and distributed across major zoogeographical regions worldwide. This study focuses on Oecanthus rufescens, and conducts a comprehensive examination of its genome through genome sequencing technologies and bioinformatic analysis. A high-quality chromosome-level genome of O. rufescens was successfully obtained, revealing significant features of its genome structure. The genome size is 877.9 Mb, comprising ten pseudo-chromosomes and 70 other sequences, with a GC content of 41.38% and an N50 value of 157,110,771 bp, indicating a high level of continuity. BUSCO assessment results demonstrate that the genome's integrity and quality are high (of which 96.8% are single-copy and 1.6% are duplicated). Comprehensive genome annotation was also performed, identifying approximately 310 Mb of repetitive sequences, accounting for 35.3% of the total genome sequence, and discovering 15,481 tRNA genes, 4,082 rRNA genes, and 1,212 other noncoding genes. Furthermore, 15,031 protein-coding genes were identified, with BUSCO assessment results showing that 98.4% (of which 96.3% are single-copy and 1.6% are duplicated) of the genes were annotated.


Assuntos
Genoma de Inseto , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Animais , Cromossomos de Insetos/genética , Gryllidae/genética , Ortópteros/genética , Ortópteros/classificação
5.
Plants (Basel) ; 13(13)2024 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38999588

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: DNA methylation can change rapidly to regulate the expression of stress-responsive genes. Previous studies have shown that there are significant differences in the cold resistance of winter rapeseed (Brassica rapa L.) after being domesticated in different selection environments; however, little is known about the epigenetic regulatory mechanisms of its cold resistance formation. METHODS: Four winter rapeseed materials ('CT-2360', 'MXW-1', '2018-FJT', and 'DT-7') domesticated in different environments were selected to analyze the DNA methylation level and pattern changes under low temperature using methylation-sensitive amplified polymorphism technology with 60 primer pairs. RESULTS: A total of 18 pairs of primers with good polymorphism were screened, and 1426 clear bands were amplified, with 594 methylation sites, accounting for 41.65% of the total amplified bands. The total methylation ratios of the four materials were reduced after low-temperature treatment, in which the DNA methylation level of 'CT-2360' was higher than that of the other three materials; the analysis of methylation patterns revealed that the degree of demethylation was higher than that of methylation in 'MXW-1', '2018-FJT', and 'DT-7', which were 22.99%, 19.77%, and 24.35%, respectively, and that the methylation events in 'CT-2360' were predominantly dominant at 22.95%. Fifty-three polymorphic methylated DNA fragments were randomly selected and further analyzed, and twenty-nine of the cloned fragments were homologous to genes with known functions. The candidate genes VQ22 and LOC103871127 verified the existence of different expressive patterns before and after low-temperature treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Our work implies the critical role of DNA methylation in the formation of cold resistance in winter rapeseed. These results provide a comprehensive insight into the adaptation epigenetic regulatory mechanism of Brassica rapa L. to low temperature, and the identified differentially methylated genes can also be used as important genetic resources for the multilateral breeding of winter-resistant varieties.

6.
Mol Neurobiol ; 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38951469

RESUMO

Gliomas are common brain tumors. Despite extensive research, the 5-year survival rate of glioma remains low. Many studies have reported that circular RNAs (circRNAs) play a role in promoting the malignant progression of glioma; however, the role of circ_0059914 in this process remains unclear. In this study, we aimed to investigate the function and underlying mechanism of circ_0059914 in glioma. Western blotting and qRT-PCR were used to determine the levels of circ_0059914, miR-1249, VEGFA, N-cadherin, vimentin, Snail, and EIF4A3. EDU and colony formation assays were conducted to evaluate cell proliferation. Transwell assays were used to explore cell migration and invasion and tube formation assays were used to analyze angiogenesis. RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) and dual-luciferase reporter assays were used to explore the relationship between EIF4A3, circ_0059914, miR-1249, and VEGFA. A xenograft tumor assay was performed to determine the role of circ_0059914 in vivo. Circ_0059914 expression was upregulated in gliomas. Knockdown of gliomal circ_0059914 expression reduced the proliferation, migration, invasion, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), angiogenesis, and growth of glioma cells in vivo. Circ_0059914 sponged miR-1249, and miR-1249 inhibition reversed the circ_0059914 knockdown-mediated effects in glioma cells. VEGFA was found to be a target gene of miR1249; overexpression of VEGFA reversed the effect of miR-1249 up-regulation in glioma. Finally, EIF4A3 increased the expression of circ_0059914. EIF4A3-induced circ_0059914 expression plays a role in promoting glioma via the miR-1249/VEGFA axis.

7.
Cancer Innov ; 3(3): e114, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38947757

RESUMO

Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) belongs to a class of epigenetic targets that have been found to be a key protein in the association between tumors and cardiovascular disease. Recent studies have focused on the crucial role of HDAC6 in regulating cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, myocardial hypertrophy, myocardial fibrosis, hypertension, pulmonary hypertension, and arrhythmia. Here, we review the association between HDAC6 and cardiovascular disease, the research progress of HDAC6 inhibitors in the treatment of cardiovascular disease, and discuss the feasibility of combining HDAC6 inhibitors with other therapeutic agents to treat cardiovascular disease.

8.
Surg Neurol Int ; 15: 207, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38974555

RESUMO

Background: Cranial nerve (CN) palsy may manifest as an initial presentation of intracranial aneurysms or due to the treatment. The literature reveals a paucity of studies addressing the involvement of the 6th CN in the presentation of cerebral aneurysms. Methods: Clinical patient data, aneurysmal characteristics, and CN 6th palsy outcome were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed. Results: Out of 1311 cases analyzed, a total of 12 cases were identified as having CN 6th palsy at the presentation. Eight out of the 12 were found in the unruptured aneurysm in the cavernous segment of the internal carotid artery (ICA). The other four cases of CN 6th palsy were found in association with ruptured aneurysms located exclusively at the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA). For the full functional recovery of the CN 6th palsy, there was 50% documented full recovery in the eight cases of the unruptured cavernous ICA aneurysm. On the other hand, all four patients with ruptured PICA aneurysms have a full recovery of CN 6th palsy. The duration for recovery for CN palsy ranges from 1 to 5 months. Conclusion: The association between intracranial aneurysms and CN 6th palsy at presentation may suggest distinct patterns related to aneurysmal location and size. The abducent nerve palsy can be linked to unruptured cavernous ICA and ruptured PICA aneurysms. The recovery of CN 6th palsy may be influenced by aneurysm size, rupture status, location, and treatment modality.

9.
BMC Infect Dis ; 24(1): 675, 2024 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38971721

RESUMO

Pleural empyema can lead to significant morbidity and mortality despite chest drainage and antibiotic treatment, necessitating novel and minimally invasive interventions. Fusobacterium nucleatum is an obligate anaerobe found in the human oral and gut microbiota. Advances in sequencing and puncture techniques have made it common to detect anaerobic bacteria in empyema cases. In this report, we describe the case of a 65-year-old man with hypertension who presented with a left-sided encapsulated pleural effusion. Initial fluid analysis using metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) revealed the presence of Fusobacterium nucleatum and Aspergillus chevalieri. Unfortunately, the patient experienced worsening pleural effusion despite drainage and antimicrobial therapy. Ultimately, successful treatment was achieved through intrapleural metronidazole therapy in conjunction with systemic antibiotics. The present case showed that intrapleural antibiotic therapy is a promising measure for pleural empyema.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Empiema Pleural , Fusobacterium nucleatum , Terapia de Salvação , Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Empiema Pleural/tratamento farmacológico , Empiema Pleural/microbiologia , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Fusobacterium nucleatum/efeitos dos fármacos , Fusobacterium nucleatum/isolamento & purificação , Fusobacterium nucleatum/genética , Infecções por Fusobacterium/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Fusobacterium/complicações , Infecções por Fusobacterium/microbiologia , Metronidazol/uso terapêutico , Metronidazol/administração & dosagem , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Langmuir ; 40(28): 14233-14244, 2024 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38957947

RESUMO

Hydrogel microspheres are biocompatible materials widely used in biological and medical fields. Emulsification and stirring are the commonly used methods to prepare hydrogels. However, the size distribution is considerably wide, the monodispersity and the mechanical intensity are poor, and the stable operation conditions are comparatively narrow to meet some sophisticated applications. In this paper, a T-shaped stepwise microchannel combined with a simple side microchannel structure is developed to explore the liquid-liquid dispersion mechanism, interfacial evolution behavior, satellite droplet formation mechanism and separation, and the eventual successful synthesis of dextran hydrogel microspheres. The effect of the operation parameters on droplet and microsphere size is comprehensively studied. The flow pattern and the stable operation condition range are given, and mathematical prediction models are developed under three different flow regimes for droplet size prediction. Based on the stable operating conditions, a microdroplet-based method combined with UV light curing is developed to synthesize the dextran hydrogel microsphere. The highly uniform and monodispersed dextran microspheres with good mechanical intensity are synthesized in the developed microfluidic platform. The size of the microsphere could be tuned from 50 to 300 µm with a capillary number in the range of 0.006-0.742. This work not only provides a facile method for functional polymeric microsphere preparation but also offers important design guidelines for the development of a robust microreactor.

11.
Pediatr Res ; 2024 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38992156

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We had reported that postoperative EEG background including sleep-wake cycle (SWC) and discharge (seizures, spikes/sharp waves) abnormalities were significantly correlated with adverse early outcomes in children after cardiac surgery. We aimed to analyze the relations between these EEG abnormalities and neurodevelopmental outcomes at about 2 years after cardiac surgery. METHODS: We enrolled 121 patients undergoing cardiac surgery at 3.3 months (0.03 ~ 28 months). EEG abnormalities described above during the first postoperative 48 h were evaluated. Griffiths Mental Development Scales-Chinese was used to evaluate the quotients of overall development and 5 subscales of the child's locomotor, language, personal-social, eye-hand coordination and performance skills at 16 ~ 31 months of age. RESULTS: EEG background abnormalities occurred in 59/121 (48.8%) patients and 33 (55.9%) unrecovered to normal by 48 h. Abnormal SWC occurred in 15 (12.4%) patients and 7 (5.8%) unrecovered to normal by 48 h. EEG seizures occurred in 11 (9.1%) patients with frontal lobe seizures in 4. Spikes/sharp waves occurred in 100 (82.6%). EEG background abnormalities, number of spikes/sharp waves and frontal lobe seizures were significantly associated with neurodevelopmental impairment at about 1 ~ 2 year after surgery (Ps ≤ 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Most parameters of EEG abnormalities were significantly associated with neurodevelopmental impairment after cardiac surgery. IMPACT: Neurodevelopmental impairment in children with congenital heart disease remain poorly understood. Previous studies had reported that either EEG seizures or background abnormalities were associated with worse neurodevelopmental outcomes. Our present study showed that all the EEG background and discharge abnormalities including EEG background, seizures and spikes/sharp waves in the early postoperative period were significantly associated with neurodevelopmental impairment at about 1 ~ 2 years after cardiac surgery. Comprehensive evaluation of early postoperative EEG may provide further insights about postoperative brain injury, its relation with neurodevelopmental impairment, and guide to improve clinical management.

12.
J Control Release ; 372: 682-698, 2024 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38950681

RESUMO

Despite the considerable potential of immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) therapy in treating various cancer types, it faces several challenges, of which the constrained objective response rate and relatively short duration of response observed in patients with cancer are the most important. This study introduces an injectable temperature-sensitive hydrogel, Pluronic F-127 (PF-127)@MnCl2/ alginate microspheres (ALG-MS)@MgCl2, that enhances the therapeutic efficacy of programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) in cancer cells. The hydrogel material used in this study facilitated the rapid release of a significant amount of manganese ions (Mn2+) and the gradual and sustained release of magnesium ions (Mg2+) within the tumor microenvironment. This staged release profile promotes an immune microenvironment conducive to the cytotoxicity of CD8+ T cells and natural killer cells, thereby enhancing the efficacy of ICB therapy. Furthermore, the PF-127@MnCl2/ALG-MS@MgCl2 composite hydrogel exhibits the ability to convert drug-resistant tumor ("cold tumor") with a low PD-L1 response to a "hot tumor" with a high PD-L1 response. In summary, the PF-127@MnCl2/ALG-MS@MgCl2 hydrogel manipulates the immune microenvironment through the precise discharge of Mg2+ and Mn2+, thus, augmenting the efficacy of ICB therapy.

13.
Skin Res Technol ; 30(7): e13842, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38965799

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As the most important modifications on the RNA level, N6-methyladenosine (m6A-) and 5-methylcytosine (m5C-) modification could have a direct influence on the RNAs. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) could also be modified by methylcytosine modification. Compared with mRNAs, the function of lncRNAs could be more potent to some extent in biological processes like tumorigenesis. Until now, rare reports have been done associated with cutaneous melanoma. Herein, we wonder if the m6A- and m5C- modified lncRNAs could influence the immune landscape and prognosis in melanoma, and we also want to find some lncRNAs which could directly affect the malignant behaviors of melanoma. METHODS: Systematically, we explored the expression pattern of m6A- and m5C- modified lncRNAs in melanoma from datasets including UCSC Xena and NCBI GEO, and the prognostic lncRNAs were selected. Then, according to the expression pattern of lncRNAs, melanoma samples from these datasets were divided into several subtypes. Prognostic model, nomogram survival model, drug sensitivity, GO, and KEGG pathway analysis were performed. Furthermore, among several selected lncRNAs, we identified one lncRNA named LINC00893 and investigated its expression pattern and its biological function in melanoma cell lines. RESULTS: We identified 27 m6A- and m5C- related lncRNAs which were significantly associated with survival, and we made a subtype analysis of melanoma samples based on these 27 lncRNAs. Among the two subtypes, we found differences of immune cells infiltration between these two subtypes. Then, LASSO algorithm was used to screen the optimized lncRNAs combination including ZNF252P-AS1, MIAT, FAM13A-AS1, LINC-PINT, LINC00893, AGAP2-AS1, OIP5-AS1, and SEMA6A-AS1. We also found that there was a significant correlation between the different risk groups predicted based on RS model and the actual prognosis. The nomogram survival model based on independent survival prognostic factors was also constructed. Besides, sensitivity to chemotherapeutic agents, GO and KEGG analysis were performed. In different risk groups, a total of 14 drug molecules with different distributions were obtained, which included AZD6482, AZD7762, AZD8055, camptothecin, dasatinib, erlotinib, gefitinib, gemcitabine, GSK269962A, nilotinib, rapamycin, and sorafenib. A total of 55 significantly related biological processes and 17 KEGG signaling pathways were screened. At last, we noticed that LINC00893 had a relatively lower expression in melanoma tissue and cell lines compared with adjacent tissues and epidermal melanocyte, and down-regulation of LINC00893 could promote the malignant behavior of melanoma cells in A875 and MV3. In these two melanoma cell lines, down-regulation of m6A-related molecules like YTHDF3 and METTL3 could promote the expression of LINC00893. CONCLUSION: We made an analysis of m6A- and m5C- related lncRNAs in melanoma samples and a prediction of these lncRNAs' role in prognosis, tumor microenvironment, immune infiltration, and clinicopathological features. We also found that LINC00893, which is potentially regulated by m6A modification, could serve as a tumor-suppressor in melanoma and play an inhibitory role in melanoma metastasis.


Assuntos
Adenosina , Melanoma , RNA Longo não Codificante , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Melanoma/genética , Melanoma/patologia , Melanoma/mortalidade , Neoplasias Cutâneas/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/mortalidade , Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Adenosina/metabolismo , Prognóstico , 5-Metilcitosina/análogos & derivados , 5-Metilcitosina/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Melanoma Maligno Cutâneo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Nomogramas
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38976327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stricture is a common complication in Crohn's disease (CD). Accurate identification of strictures that poorly respond to biologic therapy is essential for making optimal therapeutic decisions. This study aimed to determine the association between ultrasound characteristics of strictures and their therapeutic outcomes. METHODS: Consecutive CD patients with symptomatic strictures scheduled for biologic therapy were retrospectively recruited at a tertiary hospital. Baseline intestinal ultrasound was conducted to assess stricture characteristics, including bowel wall thickness, length, stratification, vascularity, and creeping fat wrapping angle. Patients were followed-up for a minimum of one year, during which long-term outcomes including surgery, steroid-free clinical remission, and mucosal healing were recorded. Statistical analyses were performed. RESULTS: A total of 43 patients were enrolled. Strictures were located in the ileocecal region (39.5%), colon (37.2%), anastomosis (20.9%), and small intestine (2.3%). The median follow-up time was 17 months (IQR 7-25), with 27 (62.8%) patients undergoing surgery. On multivariant analysis, creeping fat wrapping angle > 180° (OR 6.2, 95% CI 1.1-41.1) and a high Limberg score (OR 2.3, 95% CI 1.4-6.0) were independent predictors of surgery, with an area under the curve of 0.771 (95% CI: 0.602-0.940), accuracy of 83.7%, sensitivity of 96.3%, and specificity of 62.5%. On Cox survival analysis, creeping fat > 180° was significantly associated with surgery (HR, 5.2; 95% CI, 1.2-21.8; P=0.03). Additionally, creeping fat was significantly associated with steroid-free clinical remission (P=0.015) and mucosal healing (P=0.06). CONCLUSION: Intestinal ultrasound characteristics can predict outcomes in patients with stricturing Crohn's disease who undertook biologic therapy.

15.
Exp Dermatol ; 33(7): e15136, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38973310

RESUMO

Interstitial lung disease (ILD) has been identified as a prevalent complication and significant contributor to mortality in individuals with pemphigus. In this study, a murine model of pemphigus was developed through the subcutaneous administration of serum IgG obtained from pemphigus patients, allowing for an investigation into the association between pemphigus and ILD. Pulmonary interstitial lesions were identified in the lungs of a pemphigus mouse model through histopathology, RT-qPCR and Sircol assay analyses. The severity of these lesions was found to be positively associated with the concentration of IgG in the injected serum. Additionally, DIF staining revealed the deposition of serum IgG in the lung tissue of pemphigus mice, indicating that the subcutaneous administration of human IgG directly impacted the lung tissue of the mice, resulting in damage. This study confirms the presence of pulmonary interstitial lesions in the pemphigus mouse model and establishes a link between pemphigus and ILD.


Assuntos
Modelos Animais de Doenças , Imunoglobulina G , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Pênfigo , Pênfigo/patologia , Animais , Camundongos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/patologia , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Humanos , Pulmão/patologia , Pele/patologia , Feminino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C
16.
Animals (Basel) ; 14(13)2024 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38998033

RESUMO

Presence-absence variations (PAVs) are important structural variations, wherein a genomic segment containing one or more genes is present in some individuals but absent in others. While PAVs have been extensively studied in plants, research in cattle remains limited. This study identified PAVs in 173 Holstein bulls using whole-genome sequencing data and assessed their associations with 46 economically important traits. Out of 28,772 cattle genes (from the longest transcripts), a total of 26,979 (93.77%) core genes were identified (present in all individuals), while variable genes included 928 softcore (present in 95-99% of individuals), 494 shell (present in 5-94%), and 371 cloud genes (present in <5%). Cloud genes were enriched in functions associated with hormonal and antimicrobial activities, while shell genes were enriched in immune functions. PAV-based genome-wide association studies identified associations between gene PAVs and 16 traits including milk, fat, and protein yields, as well as traits related to health and reproduction. Associations were found on multiple chromosomes, illustrating important associations on cattle chromosomes 7 and 15, involving olfactory receptor and immune-related genes, respectively. By examining the PAVs at the population level, the results of this research provided crucial insights into the genetic structures underlying the complex traits of Holstein cattle.

17.
Cell Death Dis ; 15(7): 511, 2024 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39019859

RESUMO

Immune checkpoint inhibitors, particularly PD-1/PD-L1 blockades, have been approved for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, high resistance rates still limit their efficacy, highlighting the urgent need to understand the underlying mechanisms and develop strategies for overcoming the resistance. In this study, tankyrasel binding protein 1 (TNKS1BP1) was found to interact with tripartite motif containing 21 (TRIM21) and mediated the ubiquitination of CCR4-NOT transcription complex subunit 4 (CNOT4) at the K239 residue via K48 and K6 linkage, which was essential for its tumorigenesis function. Autophagy and lipid reprogramming were identified as two possible mechanisms underlying the pro-tumor effect of TNKS1BP1. Upregulated TNKS1BP1 inhibited autophagy while induced lipid accumulation by inhibiting the JAK2/STAT3 pathway upon the degradation of CNOT4 in HCC. Importantly, knocking down TNKS1BP1 synergized with anti-PD-L1 treatment by upregulating PD-L1 expression on tumor cells via the JAK2/STAT3 pathway, and remodeling the tumor microenvironment by increasing infiltration of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes as well as augmenting the effect of cytotoxic T lymphocytes. In conclusion, this study identified TNKS1BP1 as a predictive biomarker for patient prognosis and a promising therapeutic target to overcome anti-PD-L1 resistance in HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Ribonucleoproteínas , Ubiquitinação , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/imunologia , Ribonucleoproteínas/metabolismo , Animais , Camundongos , Progressão da Doença , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Camundongos Nus , Evasão da Resposta Imune , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C
18.
Open Med (Wars) ; 19(1): 20240997, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39027882

RESUMO

Backgrounds: The integrator complex (INT) is a multiprotein assembly in gene transcription. Although several subunits of INT complex have been implicated in multiple cancers, the complex's role in gastric cancer (GC) is poorly understood. Methods: The gene expressions, prognostic values, and the associations with microsatellite instability (MSI) of INT subunits were confirmed by GEO and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) databases. cBioPortal, GeneMANIA, TISIDB, and MCPcounter algorithm were adopted to investigate the mutation frequency, protein-protein interaction network, and the association with immune cells of INT subunits in GC. Additionally, in vitro experiments were performed to confirm the role of INTS11 in pathogenesis of GC. Results: The mRNA expression levels of INTS2/4/5/7/8/9/10/11/12/13/14 were significantly elevated both in GSE183904 and TCGA datasets. Through functional enrichment analysis, the functions of INT subunits were mainly associated with snRNA processing, INT, and DNA-directed 5'-3' RNA polymerase activity. Moreover, these INT subunit expressions were associated with tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes and MSI in GC. In vitro experiments demonstrated that knockdown of the catalytic core INTS11 in GC cells inhibits cell proliferation ability. INTS11 overexpression showed opposite effects. Conclusions: Our data demonstrate that the INT complex might act as an oncogene and can be used as a prognosis biomarker for GC.

19.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 15088, 2024 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38956079

RESUMO

Crude oil, the backbone of modern industry, holds unparalleled significance as a global energy cornerstone. Unlocking its potential hinges on effective pretreatment techniques, ensuring purity, and maximizing efficiency. This study extends the established Spherical Fuzzy Set paradigm to explore the domain of Disc Spherical Fuzzy Sets (D-SFSs) in critical decision-making for crude oil preparation. Investigating D-SFSs within the Aczel Alsina norm, the research employs comparison rules, conversion rules, and distance metrics. Primary operations of the Aczel Alsina norm in D-SFSs are examined, laying the groundwork for introducing unique aggregation operations within this framework. The paper's primary aim is to propose a hybrid method, termed MEREC-SWARA-MARCOS-D-SFSs Multiple Attribute Group Decision Making, which integrates the aforementioned aggregation procedures. A case study on crude oil pretreatment validates the effectiveness of the proposed method. Furthermore, a comprehensive comparison with CoCoSo underscores the reliability of the method. This study represents a significant stride in enhancing decision-making by providing a robust framework to tackle complex situations, particularly in the critical domain of crude oil pretreatment.

20.
J Clin Periodontol ; 2024 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38956929

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the relationship and potential causality between biological ageing and periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We obtained the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and genome-wide association study (GWAS) summary statistics as well as single-cell sequencing data. Multivariate regression analysis based on cross-sectional data, Mendelian randomization (MR) and multi-omics integration analysis were employed to explore the causal association and potential molecular mechanisms between biological ageing and periodontitis. Additionally, two-step MR mediation analysis explored the risk factors in biological ageing-mediated periodontitis. RESULTS: We analysed data from 3189 participants in the NHANES data and found that higher biological age was associated with increased risk of periodontitis. MR analyses revealed causal associations between biological age measures and periodontitis risk. Frailty (odds ratio [OR] = 2.08, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.04-4.18, p = .039) and GrimAge acceleration (OR = 1.16, 95% CI: 1.01-1.32, p = .033) were causally associated with periodontitis risk, and these results were validated in a large-scale meta-periodontitis GWAS dataset. Additionally, the risk effects of body mass index, waist circumference and lifetime smoking on periodontitis were partially mediated by frailty and GrimAge acceleration. CONCLUSIONS: Evidence from cross-sectional survey and MR analysis suggests that biological ageing increases the risk of periodontitis. Additionally, improving the associated risk factors can help prevent both ageing and periodontitis.

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