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1.
Inorg Chem ; 60(20): 15759-15767, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606253

RESUMO

The crown-shaped organotriphosphonate-modified 36-molybdenum cluster (NH4)18Na7H11[Zn(H2O)TeMo6O21{N(CH2PO3)3}]6·23H2O (1) has been synthesized, which is the largest zinc-containing organophosphonate-based polyoxometalate to date. Compound 1 was prepared in buffer solution (pH 5.5) with heptamolybdate and amino trimethylene phosphonic acid (ATMP) as the organic ligand. The polyanion constructed from a hexmeric assembly of [Zn(H2O){TeMo6O21}{N(CH2PO3)3}]6- subunits has been fully investigated by a few characterization methods. In this work, we discovered that 1 exhibited reversible photochromism and it changed from white to reddish brown upon UV irradiation. In addition, compound 1, as a catalyst, can oxidize sulfides to sulfoxides, showing a high yield/conversion and a good selectivity.

2.
Plant Dis ; 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645309

RESUMO

Wheat pathogens, especially those causing powdery mildew and stripe rust, seriously threaten yield worldwide. Utilizing newly identified disease resistance genes from wheat relatives is an effective strategy to minimize disease damage. In this study, chromosome-specific molecular markers for the 3Sb and 7Sb chromosomes of Aegilops bicornis were developed using PCR-based landmark unique gene (PLUG) primers for screening wheat-Ae. bicornis progenies. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was performed to further identify wheat-Ae. bicornis progenies using oligonucleotides probes Oligo-pSc119.2-1, Oligo-pTa535-1, and Oligo-(GAA)8. After establishing Ae. bicornis 3Sb and 7Sb chromosome-specific FISH markers, Holdfast (common wheat)-Ae. bicornis 3Sb addition, 7Sb addition, 3Sb(3A) substitution, 3Sb(3B) substitution, 3Sb(3D) substitution, 7Sb(7A) substitution, and 7Sb(7B) substitution lines were identified by the molecular and cytological markers. Stripe rust and powdery mildew resistance, along with agronomic traits were investigated to evaluate the breeding potential of these lines. Holdfast and Holdfast-Ae. bicornis progenies were all highly resistant to stripe rust, indicating that the stripe rust resistance might derive from Holdfast. However, Holdfast-Ae. bicornis 3Sb addition, 3Sb(3A) substitution, 3Sb(3B) substitution, and 3Sb(3D) substitution lines showed high resistance to powdery mildew while Holdfast was highly susceptible, indicating that chromosome 3Sb of Ae. bicornis carries previously unknown powdery mildew resistance gene(s). Additionally, the transfer of the 3Sb chromosome from Ae. bicornis to wheat significantly increased tiller number, but chromosome 7Sb has a negative effect on agronomic traits. Therefore, wheat germplasm containing Ae. bicornis chromosome 3Sb has potential to contribute to improving powdery mildew resistance and tiller number during wheat breeding.

3.
Mol Plant Pathol ; 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34633738

RESUMO

Several MYB transcription factors are known to play important roles in plant resistance to environmental stressors. However, the mechanism governing the involvement of MYBs in regulating tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) resistance in plants is still unclear. In this study, we found that not only is Nicotiana benthamiana MYB4-like involved in defence against TMV, but also that the ethylene pathway participates in MYB4L-mediated resistance. Transcription of NbMYB4L was up-regulated in N. benthamiana infected with TMV. Silencing of NbMYB4L led to intensified TMV replication, whereas overexpression of NbMYB4L induced significant resistance to TMV. Transcription of NbMYB4L was greater in 1-aminocyclopropanecarboxylic acid (ACC, ethylene precursor)-pretreated plants but lower when the ethylene signalling pathway was blocked during TMV infection. Gene expression analysis showed that the transcription of NbMYB4L was largely suppressed in ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE 3-like 1(EIL1)-silenced plants. The results of electrophoretic mobility shift assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation-quantitative PCR (ChIP-qPCR) experiments indicated that NbEIL1 could directly bind to two specific regions of the NbMYB4L promoter. Furthermore, a luciferase assay revealed that NbEIL1 significantly induced the reporter activity of the MYB4L promoter in N. benthamiana. These results point to NbEIL1 functioning as a positive regulator of NbMYB4L transcription in N. benthamiana against TMV. Collectively, our work reveals that EIL1 and MYB4L constitute a coherent feed-forward loop involved in the robust regulation of resistance to TMV in N. benthamiana.

4.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 30(4): 367-373, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34693428

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the effect of enamel matrix proteins(EMPs) on osteogenesis and adipogenesis of stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth SHED), and explore its molecular mechanism. METHODS: SHEDs were used to detect the expression of its surface antigens CD73, CD146, CD34 and CD45 by flow cytometry. SHED was induced by OB osteogenic induction liquid, and then the osteogenic differentiation ability was measured by alizarin red staining. SHEDs were divided into 4 groups, NC group had invalid sequence shRNA interfered with SHED, EMPs group had invalid sequence shRNA interfered with SHED. Then 100 µg/L EMPs was used to interfere with SHED. In miR-32 inhibitor group, miR-32 shRNA plasmid was used to interfere with SHED; while in EMPs+miR-32 inhibitor group, 100 µg/L EMP was used to intervene SHED after silencing miR-32. QPCR was used to detect the expression of miR-32, dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP), dentin matrix protein 1, DMP-1, peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) and CCAAT enhancer binding protein α (C/EBPα) gene expression; Western blot was used to detect the expression of DSPP, DMP-1, PPARγ and C/EBPα protein expression; Alizarin red staining was used to detect SHED osteogenic capacity; Oil red O staining was used to detect adipogenetic capacity of SHED. RESULTS: The results of flow cytometry showed that SHED had positive expression of CD146 and CD73, and negative expression of CD34 and CD45, which was consistent with the characteristics of stem cell surface markers. Alizarin red staining and oil red O staining showed mineralized nodules and oil droplets increased significantly, consistent with the multi-directional differentiation characteristics of stem cells. Compared with NC group, the expression of miR-32 gene in EMPs group was significantly increased(P<0.05), and the expression of miR-32 in miR-32 inhibitor group and EMPs+miR-32 inhibitor group was significantly decreased(P<0.05). Compared with NC group, the expression of DSPP and DMP-1, the number of mineralized nodules in EMPs group were significantly increased(P<0.05), the expression of PPARγ and C/EBPa and the number of lipid droplets were significantly decreased (P<0.05), while the result of miR-32 inhibitor group was the opposite (P<0.05). Compared with miR-32 inhibitor group, there was no significant difference in the expression of DSPP, DMP-1, PPARγ and C/EBPα, number of mineralized nodules and oil droplets in EMPs+miR-32 inhibitor group(P>0.05). Compared with EMPs group, the expression of DSPP and DMP-1 and the number of mineralized nodules in EMPs+miR-32 inhibitor group were significantly reduced(P<0.05), while the expression of PPARγ and C/EBPα and the number of lipid droplets were significantly increased(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: EMPs can regulate osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation of SHED by promoting the expression of miR-32.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Osteogênese , Adipogenia/genética , Diferenciação Celular , Células Cultivadas , Proteínas do Esmalte Dentário , Polpa Dentária , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Osteogênese/genética , Células-Tronco , Dente Decíduo
5.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 716750, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490015

RESUMO

Genomic repetitive sequences commonly show species-specific sequence type, abundance, and distribution patterns, however, their intraspecific characteristics have been poorly described. We quantified the genomic repetitive sequences and performed single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis between 29 Ae. tauschii genotypes and subspecies using publicly available raw genomic Illumina sequence reads and used fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to experimentally analyze some repeats. The majority of the identified repetitive sequences had similar contents and proportions between anathera, meyeri, and strangulata subspecies. However, two Ty3/gypsy retrotransposons (CL62 and CL87) showed significantly higher abundances, and CL1, CL119, CL213, CL217 tandem repeats, and CL142 retrotransposon (Ty1/copia type) showed significantly lower abundances in subspecies strangulata compared with the subspecies anathera and meyeri. One tandem repeat and 45S ribosomal DNA (45S rDNA) abundances showed a high variation between genotypes but their abundances were not subspecies specific. Phylogenetic analysis using the repeat abundances of the aforementioned clusters placed the strangulata subsp. in a distinct clade but could not discriminate anathera and meyeri. A near complete differentiation of anathera and strangulata subspecies was observed using SNP analysis; however, var. meyeri showed higher genetic diversity. FISH using major tandem repeats couldn't detect differences between subspecies, although (GAA)10 signal patterns generated two different karyotype groups. Taken together, the different classes of repetitive DNA sequences have differentially accumulated between strangulata and the other two subspecies of Ae. tauschii that is generally in agreement with spike morphology, implying that factors affecting repeatome evolution are variable even among highly closely related lineages.

6.
Inorg Chem ; 60(19): 14872-14879, 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533941

RESUMO

A novel organodiphosphonate-based telluromolybdate cluster, (NH4)6Na3H13[TeMo10O37(CoMo2O6L)4]·11H2O [1; L = (O3P)2C(O)(CH2)3NH2], has been successfully synthesized by a simple one-pot aqueous reaction. Intriguingly, the [TeMo10O37]10- subunit with tetrahedral geometry of TeO4 is observed in the organophosphonate-functionalized polyoxometalates for the first time. Compound 1 was prepared in a buffer solution (pH = 5.5) with alendronic acid (Ale) and (NH4)6Mo7O24·4H2O as raw materials. The polyanion [TeMo10O37(CoMo2O6L)4]22- was constructed from four {Mo2O6L} subunits encapsulating an interesting Te-Mo heterometal subunit [TeMo10O37]10- through four CoO6 octahedra and has been fully characterized by routine techniques. In addition, compound 1, as a heterogeneous catalyst, shows good conversion (92%) and high selectivity (99%) for Knoevenagel condensation reaction.

7.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(79): 10250-10253, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528652

RESUMO

The first example of Rh-substituted organic-inorganic hybrid arsenotungstate [H2N(CH3)2]8{[Na(H2O)4]NaAs2W22(CH3COO)2O76 Rh2(N(CH3)2)2}·H2O (1) synthesised in an aqueous solution by the conventional method is reported. Two [Rh(N(CH3)2)]3+ fragments are imbedded into the vacancy of the [NaAs2W22(CH3COO)2O76]15- unit by Rh-As bonds [2.439(1) Å], which are observed in POM chemistry for the first time.

8.
Dalton Trans ; 50(36): 12607-12618, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545871

RESUMO

Two mononuclear Dy3+ compounds [Dy(bmbpen-F)X] (X = Cl, 1; Br, 2) with a pentagonal bipyramidal (PBP) geometry were obtained from N,N'-bis-(5-methyl-2-hydroxybenzyl)-N,N'-bis(5-fluoro-2-methylpyridyl)ethylenediamine (H2bmbpen-F) and dysprosium halides. The magnetic anisotropy and single-molecule magnet (SMM) behavior of these PBP compounds were regulated by introducing both electron-withdrawing F atoms into the equatorial pyridine rings and electron-donating -CH3 groups into the axial phenolic hydroxyl rings. The results of magnetic characterization show that 1 and 2 exhibit single molecule magnet behavior with magnetization reversal barriers of 990(13) and 1189(16) K under a zero dc external field and magnetic hysteresis loops up to 26 K and 36 K, respectively. The results of ab initio calculations are consistent with the experimental observations, confirming that the simultaneous introduction of electron-withdrawing groups into the equatorial positions and electron-donating groups into the axial positions can lead to PBP Dy-SMMs with improved properties.

9.
Dalton Trans ; 50(36): 12664-12673, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545885

RESUMO

A novel ruthenium-containing polyoxometalate-based organic-inorganic hybrid, K4Na9H7.4[(AsW9O33)4(WO2)4{Ru3.2(C3H3N2)2}]·42H2O (1), was successfully synthesized by a one-step hydrothermal method under acidic conditions, which applied a self-assembly strategy between inorganic polyoxometalate based on trivacant [B-α-AsW9O33]9- {AsW9} fragments and an organic ligand, imidazole (C3H4N2). Compound 1 was further characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, PXRD, IR spectroscopy, UV-Vis spectroscopy, ESI-MS, elemental analysis and TGA. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction data reveal that the polyanion consists of four trivacant Keggin-type polyanion {AsW9} building blocks bridged by four {WO6} units, leading to a crown-shaped tetrameric structure [(AsW9O33)4(WO2)4{Ru3.2(C3H3N2)2}]20.4-. The ESI-MS result reveals that the polyanion unit has excellent structural integrity in water. Moreover, the catalysis study of 1 was also further investigated, and the experimental results indicate heterogeneous catalyst 1 presents high efficiency (yield = 98%), excellent selectivity (>99%), and good recyclability for the oxidation of 1-(4-chlorophenyl)ethanol to 4'-chloroacetophenone with commercially available 70% aqueous tert-butyl hydroperoxide {TBHP (aq.)} as the oxidant at room temperature.

10.
Plant Dis ; : PDIS05210896RE, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34260283

RESUMO

Wheat powdery mildew, caused by Blumeria graminis (DC.) Speer f. sp. tritici is a destructive disease seriously threatening yield and quality of common wheat (Triticum aestivum L., 2n=6x=42, AABBDD). Characterization of resistance genes against powdery mildew is useful in parental selection and for developing disease-resistant cultivars. Chinese wheat breeding line KN0816 has superior agronomic performance and resistance to powdery mildew at all growth stages. Genetic analysis using populations of KN0816 crossed with different susceptible parents indicated that a single dominant gene, tentatively designated PmKN0816, conferred seedling resistance to different B. graminis f. sp. tritici isolates. Using a bulked segregant analysis, PmKN0816 was mapped to the Pm6 interval on chromosome arm 2BL using polymorphic markers linked to the cataloged genes Pm6, Pm52, and Pm64, and flanked by the markers CISSR02g-6 and CIT02g-2, both with genetic distances of 0.7 cM. Analysis of closely linked molecular markers indicated that the marker alleles of PmKN0816 differed from those of other powdery mildew resistance genes on 2BL, including Pm6, Pm33, Pm51, Pm64, and PmQ. Based on the genetic and physical locations and response pattern to different B. graminis f. sp. tritici isolates, PmKN0816 is most likely a new powdery mildew resistance gene and possesses effective resistance to all the 14 tested B. graminis f. sp. tritici isolates. In view of the elite agronomic performance of KN0816 combined with the resistance, PmKN0816 is expected to become a valuable resistance gene in wheat breeding. To transfer PmKN0816 to different genetic backgrounds using marker-assisted selection (MAS), closely linked markers of PmKN0816 were evaluated, and four of them (CIT02g-2, CISSR02g-6, CIT02g-10, and CIT02g-17) were confirmed to be applicable for MAS in different genetic backgrounds.

11.
Inorg Chem ; 60(11): 8164-8172, 2021 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34014645

RESUMO

A series of benzoate-decorated lanthanide (Ln)-containing tetrameric Dawson-type phosphotungstates [N(CH3)4]6H20[{(P2W17O61)Ln(H2O)3Ln(C6H5COO)(H2O)6]}{[(P2W17O61)Ln(H2O)3}]2Cl2·98H2O [Ln = Sm (1), Eu (2), and Gd (3)] were made using a facile one-step assembly strategy and characterized by several techniques. Notably, the Ln-containing tetrameric Dawson-type polyoxoanions [{(P2W17O61)Ln(H2O)3Ln(C6H5COO)(H2O)6]}{[(P2W17O61)Ln(H2O)3}]224- are all established by four monolacunary Dawson-type [P2W17O61]10- segments, encapsulating a Ln3+ ion with two benzoates coordinating to the Ln3+ ions. 1-3 exhibit reversible photochromism, which can change from intrinsic white to blue for 6 min upon UV irradiation, and their colors gradually recover for 30 h in the dark. The solid-state photoluminescence spectra of 1 and 2 display characteristic emissions of Ln components based on 4f-4f transitions. Time-resolved emission spectra of 1 and 2 were also measured to authenticate the energy transfer from the phosphotungstate and organic chromophores to Eu3+. In particular, 1 shows an effectively switchable luminescence behavior induced by its fast photochromism.

12.
Inorg Chem ; 60(11): 7753-7761, 2021 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34019402

RESUMO

Developing new catalysts for highly efficient and selective oxidation of saturated C-H bonds is significant due to their thermodynamic strength. Via incorporation of PW12O403-, pyridine-2,5-dicarboxylic acids (pydc), and Fe(III) ions into one framework, a new polyoxometalate-based metal-organic framework, [HFe4O2(H2O)4(pydc)3PW12O40]·10.5H2O (FeW-PYDC), was successfully prepared by a hydrothermal method. Interestingly, FeW-PYDC features a three-dimensional porous structure with {Fe4O2} interconnecting with PW12O403- units. FeW-PYDC displayed excellent performance in the selective oxidation of C-H bonds of alkylbenzenes with high conversion (95.7%) and selectivity (96.6%). As an effective heterogeneous catalyst, FeW-PYDC demonstrates good reusability and structural stability.

13.
Dalton Trans ; 50(22): 7610-7620, 2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33988637

RESUMO

Three structurally intriguing polyoxoniobates (PONbs) based on the trivacant B-type α-Keggin ion {TeNb9O33}, H4K(CN3H6)2{[Cu4(2,2'-bipy)4(H2O)2][TeNb9V2O37]}·29H2O (1, 2,2'-bipy = 2,2'-bipyridine), H0.5K5Na2.5{[Cu(en)H2O]3[TeNb9V3O39]}·10H2O (2, en = ethylenediamine), and K3Na5{[Cu(1,3-dap)H2O]3[TeNb9V3O39]}·11H2O (3, 1,3-dap = 1,3-diaminopropane), are assembled by the conventional aqueous solution methods using a series of N-containing organic ligands. In 1, each of the two {VO4} units is attached to two coplanar NbO6 octahedra on the {Nb3O13} cluster of the {TeNb9O33} unit. Differently, three {VO4} units in 2 and 3 are linked to two edge-sharing NbO6 octahedra, respectively. Compounds 1-3 represent the first oxo NbTeV clusters and also the first vanadoniobates based on the trivacant Keggin PONb units. All three compounds were characterised by single-crystal X-ray structural analysis, TGA and IR, ESI-MS and 51V NMR spectroscopy. Furthermore, the magnetic properties of compounds 1 and 2 were also studied.

14.
Nanoscale ; 13(17): 8077-8086, 2021 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33899868

RESUMO

Five-coordinate geometry around ruthenium with highly exposed active sites has attracted intensive scientific interest due to its superior properties and extensive applications. Herein, we report a series of structurally controllable multi-Ru-bridged polyoxometalates, K5NaH10[{Ru4(H2O)n}(WO2)4(AsW9O33)4]·mH2O {1, 1-dehyd-373K, 1-dehyd-473K, 1-dehyd-573K; n = 4, m = 36; n = 4, m = 6; n = 4, m = 0; n = 0, m = 0} fabricated through a feasible assembly strategy using arsenotungstate {2, KNa12H17Cl2(As4W40O140)·29H2O} as a structure-directing unit. Systematic characterization methods identified that the six-coordinate geometry can successfully transform into five-coordinate geometry about active sites (Ru) by removing aqua ligands under high reaction temperatures. All the multi-Ru-bridged polyoxometalates demonstrated strong stability and catalytic effectiveness in the transformation of 1-(4-chlorophenyl)ethanol to 4'-chloroacetophenone under very mild conditions. 1-dehyd-573K, specifically, achieves the best catalytic effectiveness with a turnover frequency (TOF) = 25 100·h-1 owing to its unique five-coordinate geometry on the Ru sites. To our knowledge, 1-dehyd-573K outperforms other POM-based catalysts in the oxidative catalysis of 1-(4-chlorophenyl)ethanol. The heterogeneous polyoxometalates were also proven to be strongly reusable, with their structural integrities well maintained after multiple-cycle catalytic reactions.

15.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(33): 3999-4002, 2021 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33885695

RESUMO

A 72-nuclearity niobium cluster was synthesized, in which two {CuNb26O76} clusters and one {Nb20O59} cluster are fused in a triangular fashion, resulting in a {Nb12} cavity. Further, the simple nature of the species allowed its investigation by ESI-MS analysis, yielding two subunits with time.

16.
Inorg Chem ; 60(10): 7519-7526, 2021 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33891402

RESUMO

Two novel polynuclear dysprosium (Dy)-containing polytungstoarsenates, CsK7Na16[(AsW9O33)6Dy6W10O24(H2O)23]·40H2O (1) and Cs2K18Na18[(AsW9O33)7Dy7W8O21(H2O)17(µ3-OH)(OH)]·78H2O (2), have been synthesized via the reaction of the preformed polyoxometalate (POM) precursor [As2W19O67(H2O)]14- and Dy3+ ions through controlling pH. The polyanion of 1 can be described as a dimer of two similar trimers {(AsW9O33)3Dy2W5O12(H2O)6} that are linked by Dy cation and two µ2-oxo groups, and the Dy(III) ions in 1 are arranged in a linear fashion. Compound 2 presenting an interesting W-shaped structure, assembly composed of a dimeric {(AsW9O33)2W3Dy2O8(H2O)7}, a trimer {(AsW9O33)3W4Dy2O11(OH)(H2O)3}, and a particular sandwiched {(AsW9O33)2WDy3O4(µ3-OH)(H2O)7} segment concatenated by µ2-oxo groups. The solid-state luminescence performances and lifetime decay behaviors of 1 and 2 were systematically researched at ambient temperature, and time-resolved fluorescence spectra of 1 and 2 indicate energy transfer (ET) from the photoexcitation O → M ligand to the metal charge-transfer (LMCT) bands of the POM ligands to Dy3+ ions. Moreover, the dynamic magnetic measurement indicates that 1 and 2 exhibit slow relaxation of the magnetization.

17.
Plant Dis ; : PDIS02210308RE, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33881917

RESUMO

Wheat powdery mildew is a devastating disease that seriously threatens yield worldwide. Utilization of host resistance is considered an effective strategy to minimize powdery mildew damage. Pm21, PmV, and Pm12 confer broad-spectrum resistance to wheat powdery mildew in China, of which Pm21 and PmV are allelic genes derived from the 6VS chromosome of Dasypyrum villosum, and Pm12 is derived from the 6SS chromosome of Aegilops speltoides and most likely orthologous to the former two genes. To accurately and efficiently transfer and pyramid these genes using marker-assisted selection (MAS), distinctive single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) among the exon sequences of Pm21, PmV, and Pm12 and their homologous sequences in the common wheat genome were identified and then used for developing diagnostic Kompetitive Allele-Specific PCR (KASP) markers. The markers were validated in different genotypes including transgenic vectors, transgenic lines, translocation lines, resistance stocks with documented Pm genes, and in multiple susceptible cultivars without Pm genes. As a result, we initially developed a KASP marker that can simultaneously diagnose Pm21, Pm12, and PmV. Subsequently, we obtained a highly diagnostic KASP marker for each of the three genes that could distinguish among the three genes and also accurately distinguish them from other resistant stocks with documented Pm genes and from multiple susceptible genotypes. Compared with previously reported markers, the highly diagnostic KASP markers developed in this study have the advantages of low cost, easy assay, accuracy, and potentially high throughput for MAS.

18.
Inorg Chem ; 60(7): 4792-4799, 2021 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33715352

RESUMO

A copper-containing polyoxometalate-based metal-organic framework (POMOF), CuI12Cl2(trz)8[HPW12O40] (HENU-7, HENU = Henan University; trz = 1,2,4-triazole), has been successfully synthesized and well-characterized. In addition, the excellent catalytic ability of HENU-7 has been proved by the selective oxidation of diphenylmethane. Under the optimal conditions, the diphenylmethane conversion obtained over HENU-7 is 96%, while the selectivity to benzophenone is 99%, which outperforms most noble-metal-free POM-based catalysts. Moreover, HENU-7 is stable to reuse for five runs without an obvious loss in activity and also can catalyze the oxidation of different benzylic C-H with satisfactory conversions and selectivities, which implied the significant catalytic activity and recyclability.

19.
Front Chem ; 9: 615595, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33681143

RESUMO

A three-dimensional (3D) Silverton-type polyoxomolybdate (POMo) with the formula of NH4{Mn4[PrMo12O42]}·18H2O (1) was successfully isolated and well characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction, X-ray powder diffraction pattern, infrared spectrum, thermogravimetric and elemental analyses. The inorganic building block {PrMo12O42} has formed 3D frameworks via the {MnO6} linker. The excitation of compound 1 in solid state at 375 nm displays red emission. Moreover, variable temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements indicate that the magnetic behavior in compound 1 is dominated by antiferromagnetic interactions.

20.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(17): 2172-2175, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33524095

RESUMO

Two new members of highly charged Silverton archetype [NaM12O42]11- were demonstrated in the 3D POM-based frameworks Na3[NaM12O42(Ru(DMSO)3)4]·13H2O (M = Mo (1), W (2)), where the unusual icosahedron coordination of a Na+ ion incubated as a heteroatom is reported for the first time in topical POMs. Furthermore, 23Na NMR was applied to certify the interpretation of X-ray diffraction data concerning Na localization. Additionally, the porous nature of the frameworks 1 and 2 has also been investigated.

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