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1.
Biophys J ; 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33675763

RESUMO

During clathrin-mediated endocytosis, a patch of flat plasma membrane is deformed into a vesicle. In walled cells, such as plants and fungi, the turgor pressure is high and pushes the membrane against the cell wall, thus hindering membrane internalization. In this work, we study how a patch of membrane is deformed against turgor pressure by force and by curvature-generating proteins. We show that a large amount of force is needed to merely start deforming the membrane and an even larger force is needed to pull a membrane tube. The magnitude of these forces strongly depends on how the base of the membrane is constrained and how the membrane is coated with curvature-generating proteins. In particular, these forces can be reduced by partially, but not fully, coating the membrane patch with curvature-generating proteins. Our theoretical results show excellent agreement with experimental data.

2.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 550: 92-98, 2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33689885

RESUMO

Esophageal cancer is one of the most common cancer of the digestive system and radiotherapy is widely applied in advanced esophageal cancer treatment, however radioresistance (RR) is one of the major reasons for radiotherapy failure. There is limited knowledge on the mechanisms that cause RR, here we identify suppressors of cytokine signaling 6 (SOCS6) is a negative regulator of radioresistance in ESCC cells. SOCS6 deficiency in ESCC cells conferred radioresistance in vitro and in vivo by increasing radiation-induced G2/M arrest, DNA damage repair and inhibiting radiation-induced apoptosis. Moreover, the transcriptome sequencing analysis demonstrates that the transcription of SOCS6 was partially p53-dependent. Importantly we found that highly correlated SOCS6 and P53 express lower in RR esophageal cancer tissues compare with radiosensitive ones. Collectedly our study uncovers that SOCS6, as a downstream effector of p53, is a key regulator involved in the radioresistance of ESCC.

3.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33742541

RESUMO

Although document studies (including ours) have been reported the achieved in vitro osteoclastic cellular model establishment from the RAW264.7 cell lineage, there was no study directly reported that American Type Culture Collection (ATCC) cell bank has various RAW264.7 cell lineages. Besides that, for our knowledge there was only one study compared the two different RAW264.7TIB-71 and RAW264.7CRL-2278 cell lineages for their osteoclastic differentiation, and they concluded that the RAW264.7CRL-2278 demonstrated to generate much osteoclast than RAW264.7TIB-71 . However, on the contrary to their results we noticed the fusion of RAW264.7TIB-71 in our previous studies was much compromising. Therefore, we try to explore the two cell lineages for their properties in osteoclastic differentiation with an in-depth cellular cytoskeletal study. Our current study has showed that comparing to the RAW264.7CRL-2278 , RAW264.7TIB-71 demonstrated a much higher efficacies for RANKL-stimulated osteoclastic differentiation. Besides that, in our depth cytoskeletal studies, we found that the RANKL-induced RAW264.7TIB-71 cells could finally differentiate into mature osteoclasts. However, regardless the various pre-treatment conditions, there was no mature osteoclast formed in RANKL-induced RAW264.7CRL-2278 cell lineage.

4.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 5930, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33723304

RESUMO

Plasmodium falciparum harbors group 1 and group 2 chaperonin systems to mediate the folding of cellular proteins in different cellular locations. Two distinct group 1 chaperonins operate in the organelles of mitochondria and apicoplasts, while group 2 chaperonins function in the cytosol. No structural information has been reported for any chaperonin from plasmodium. In this study, we describe the crystal structure of a double heptameric ring Plasmodium falciparum mitochondrial chaperonin 60 (Cpn60) bound with ATP, which differs significantly from any known crystal structure of chaperonin 60. The structure likely represents a unique intermediate state during conformational conversion from the closed state to the opened state. Three of the seven apical domains are highly dynamic while the equatorial domains form a stable ring. The structure implies large movements of the apical domain in the solution play a role in nucleotide-dependent regulation of substrate binding and folding. A unique 26-27 residue insertion in the equatorial domain of Plasmodium falciparum mitochondrial chaperonin greatly increases both inter-ring and intra-ring subunit-subunit interactions. The present structure provides new insights into the mechanism of Cpn60 in chaperonin assembly and function.

5.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 16(1): 195, 2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33731168

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis (OP) and osteoarthritis (OA) commonly coexist in postmenopausal females. The decrease in bone density and increase in bone resorption in postmenopausal females with OP may consequently affect the surgical outcome of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, clinicians often ignore monitoring the treatment of OP in the perioperative management of TKA. Bone turnover marker (BTM) can timely and accurately reflect bone metabolism to monitor the treatment of OP. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of BTM monitoring to guide the treatment of OP in postmenopausal females undergoing TKA. METHODS: Postmenopausal females with OP who underwent primary unilateral TKA were randomly divided into two groups (monitoring group and control group), given oral medication (alendronate, calcitriol, and calcium), and followed for 1 year. In the monitoring group, serum BTMs (C-telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX-I), N-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen (PINP), and 25(OH)D) were assessed preoperatively and repeated postoperatively; alendronate was withdrawn when CTX-I and PINP reached the reference interval; and calcitriol and calcium were withdrawn when 25(OH)D reached the reference interval. In the control group, oral medication was implemented for a uniform duration of 3 months. During the 1-year follow-up, the mean maximum total point motion (MTPM) of the tibial component, bone mineral density (BMD), visual analog scale (VAS) score, range of motion, and Oxford Knee Score (OKS) score were obtained. RESULTS: In the monitoring group, BTM monitoring prolonged the medication duration, but did not cause more adverse reactions than in the control group. The mean MTPM values at 6 m and 12 m in the monitoring group were lower than those in the control group, and the BMD at 12 m in the monitoring group was significantly higher than that in the control group. Patients in the monitoring group had lower VAS scores at 6 m and higher OKS scores at 6 m and 12 m than those in the control group. CONCLUSION: In postmenopausal females with osteoporosis undergoing primary TKA, the application of BTM monitoring to guide the treatment of osteoporosis can enhance bone density, maintain prosthesis stability, and improve surgical outcome. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR ChiCTR-INR-17010495 . Registered on 22 January 2017.

6.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(3): 300-305, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33691926

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of different melatonin treatment regimens on long-term behavior and white matter damage in neonatal rats with hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD), and to seek an optimal melatonin treatment regimen. METHODS: Healthy Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 7 days, were randomly divided into four groups: sham-operation, HIBD, single-dose immediate treatment (SDIT), and 7-day continuous treatment (7DCT), with 8 rats in each group. A neonatal rat model of HIBD was prepared according to the classical Rice-Vannucci method. On day 21 after HIBD, the Morris water maze test was used to evaluate spatial learning and memory abilities. On day 70 after HIBD, immunofluorescence assay was used to measure the expression of neuronal nuclear antigen (NeuN) in the cerebral cortex and the hippocampal CA1 region of neonatal rats, and double-label immunofluorescence was used to measure the expression of myelin basic protein (MBP) and neurofilament 200 (NF200) in the corpus striatum and the corpus callosum. RESULTS: The results of the Morris water maze test showed that the SDIT and 7DCT groups had a significantly shorter mean escape latency than the HIBD group, and the 7DCT group had a significantly shorter mean escape latency than the SDIT group (P < 0.05). The results of immunofluorescence assay for NeuN showed that the SDIT and 7DCT groups had a significantly higher number of NeuN+ cells in the cerebral cortex and the hippocampal CA1 region than the HIBD group, and the 7DCT group had a significantly higher number than the SDIT group (P < 0.05). MBP/NF200 double-label immunofluorescence showed that compared with the HIBD group, the SDIT group and the 7DCT group had significantly higher fluorescence intensities of MBP and NF200 in the corpus striatum, and the 7DCT group had significantly higher fluorescence intensities than the SDIT group (P < 0.05); the 7DCT group had significantly higher fluorescence intensities of MBP and NF200 in the corpus callosum than the SDIT and HIBD groups (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Both SDIT and 7DCT can improve long-term behavior and reduce white matter damage in neonatal rats with HIBD, and 7DCT is more effective than SDIT.


Assuntos
Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica , Melatonina , Substância Branca , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Melatonina/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
7.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 34(1): 91-6, 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33666027

RESUMO

Perineuronal nets (PNNs) is a complex network composed of highly condensed extracellular matrix molecules surrounding neurons. It plays an important role in maintaining the performance of neurons and protecting them from harmful substances. However, after spinal cord injury, PNNs forms a physical barrier that surrounds the neuron and limits neuroplasticity, impedes axonal regeneration and myelin formation, and promotes local neuroinflammatory uptake. This paper mainly describes the composition and function of PNNs of neurons and its regulatory effects on axonal regeneration, myelin formation and neuroinflammation after spinal cord injury.


Assuntos
Matriz Extracelular , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Axônios , Humanos , Regeneração Nervosa , Plasticidade Neuronal , Neurônios , Medula Espinal
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(1): 57-61, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645052

RESUMO

Natural borneol is an important traditional Chinese medicine herb with resuscitation-inducing, antipyretic and analgesic effects, and has been widely used in the fields of medicine, perfume and chemical industry. At present, natural borneol is short supply, with promising market development prospects. This paper summarized the distribution of borneol plant resources, cultivation status and molecular biological research progress, in the expectation of providing basis and ideas for the research and application of natural borneol.


Assuntos
Canfanos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
9.
Seizure ; 87: 69-74, 2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33721773

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Two configurations of TTTTA/TTTCA expansion in SAMD12 have been identified in familial cortical myoclonic tremor with epilepsy type 1 (FCMTE1). This study investigated the clinical and neurophysiological features of FCMTE1 and their association with TTTTA/TTTCA expansion patterns. METHODS: In total, 76 patients from 20 Chinese pedigrees were enrolled. Genetic (TTTTA/TTTCA configuration), clinical (e.g., onset, medication, prognosis, and anticipation) and neurophysiological examination (e.g., electroencephalogram and magnetoencephalography) data were evaluated, and associations between these parameters were analyzed. RESULTS: All patients carried the TTTTA/TTTCA expansion mutation, 19 displayed the (TTTTA)exp(TTTCA)exp (type I) configuration and 1 displayed the (TTTTA)exp (TTTCA)exp(TTTTA)exp (type II) configuration. All patients manifested as progressive tremor, but symptoms of patients carrying type II expansion were more severe. The onset of tremor but not generalized tonic and clonic seizures displayed clinical anticipation between generations of 7 pedigrees, but the pedigree carrying the type II mutation did not show anticipation. Nanopore sequencing showed that the repeats expanded during maternal/offspring transmission (pedigree #7) but shrank during paternal/offspring transmission (pedigree #9). Magnetoencephalographic dipoles were localized in the right frontal lobe near the central sulcus in 4 patients carrying the type I mutation and on the left side in one patient carrying the type II mutation. SIGNIFICANCE: We confirmed the causative roles played by TTTTA/TTTCA repeat expansion in the SAMD12 gene in FCTME1. Both the length and the configuration of the repeats contribute to the clinical and neurophysiological characteristics of the disease.

10.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol ; 14(3): 314-321, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33786148

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore surgical treatment strategies for patients with liver metastases from colorectal cancer (CRLM), and analyze the prognosis and influencing factors. METHODS: The clinical data of 156 inpatients with CRLM admitted to our hospital from January 2009 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into initially resectable group (80 cases) and initially unresectable group (76 cases). For patients with initially unresectable CRLM, conversion therapy (chemotherapy plus targeted therapy) combined with individualized surgical treatment strategy was used. The individualized surgical treatment strategy mainly included hepatectomy combined with ablation. Portal vein ligation and staged resection were adopted according to the patients' specific conditions. All patients were followed up until death. The Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank test were used for survival analysis. RESULTS: Median overall survival (OS) time of patients in the initially resectable group and initially unresectable group were 36 months and 17 months, respectively (P = 0.001). Median OS time of 24 patients who underwent surgical resection after successful conversion therapy was significantly longer than that of 52 patients with unsuccessful conversion therapy (20 months versus 15 months, respectively, P = 0.034). Univariate analysis showed that a maximum diameter of liver metastases < 6 cm and a number of metastases ≤ 4 were independent factors associated with successful conversion therapy. According to patients' specific conditions, 6 cases accepted hepatectomy combined with ablation, and 1 case accepted portal vein ligation and staged resection. CONCLUSION: Treatment of patients with CRLM should follow the principles of standardization and individualization. For patients with initially unresectable CRLM, successful conversion therapy should be pursued whenever possible. The maximum size and number of liver metastases were significantly associated with successful conversion therapy. Surgical resection-based comprehensive treatment is key.

11.
Toxicol In Vitro ; 74: 105137, 2021 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33684466

RESUMO

Twenty-eight novel 1,2,3-triazole analogues of imidazo-[1,2-a]-pyridine-3-carboxamide were designed and synthesized based on hybridization approach. The structure of the final compounds are characterized using 1HNMR, 13CNMR, LCMS and elemental analyses and are screened in vitro for anti-tubercular activity using low-oxygen recovery assay (LORA) non-replicating and using microplate alamar blue assay (MABA) against replicating M. tuberculosis. MIC was determined. From the obtained results, it was observed that, among (2,7-dimethylimidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-3-yl)(4-((1-subtituted phenyl-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)methyl)piperazin-1-yl)methanones and (6-chloro-2-methylimidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-3-yl)(4-((1-substituted phenyl-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)methyl)piperazin-1-yl)methanones, compounds with substitution at para position with electron electron releasing groups exhibited the best activity (< 34 µg/mL). Amidst, (2,7-dimethylimidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-3-yl)(4-(2-(4-alkyl/substituted aryl-1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)ethyl)piperazin-1-yl)methanones and (6-chloro-2-methylimidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-3-yl)(4-(2-(4- alkyl/substituted aryl -1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)ethyl)piperazin-1-yl)methanones, compounds with long alkyl chain or cyclo propyl group were most active (< 21 µg/mL) in MABA method against the tested strain of MTB. Compound 10b emerged to be the most active compound in MABA and LORA with MIC values 13.74 and 24.63 µg/mL respectively. In-silico ADMET parameters were also predicted for the significantly active compound. Finally, molecular docking study was carried out to predict the feasible binding pattern of the most active compound at the active site of enoyl acyl carrier protein reductase from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (PDB-4TZK) using Glide module of Schrodinger software.

12.
J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol ; 31(2): 248-256, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33597723

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aluminum (Al) is a well-established neurotoxicant. However, little is known about its effects on the neurodevelopment of infants. OBJECTIVES: To examine early-life exposure to Al in relation to neurodevelopment in healthy infants. METHODS: Nail Al concentrations were measured among 747 newborn babies within 6 months of delivery in the Shanghai Birth Cohort. Neurodevelopment was assessed using Ages and stages questionnaire (third edition, ASQ-3) at ages 6 and 12 months. General linear regression models were performed to estimate the associations between Al concentrations and ASQ-3 scores. RESULTS: After adjustment for potential confounders, early-life exposure to Al was not associated with any neurodevelopmental performance at age 6 months. However, Al level was associated with an increased risk of having a low fine motor score (quartile 4 vs. quartile 1, mean difference (MD): -1.63; 95% confidence interval (CI): -3.22, -0.05; P-trend < 0.01) at 12 months. No association was found for communication, gross motor, problem-solving, or personal-social score at 12 months. SIGNIFICANCE: Early-life exposure to Al may be associated with poor fine motor skills in a dose-response manner among apparently healthy infants at age 12 months.

13.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 94: 107478, 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33639564

RESUMO

Oral lichen planus (OLP) is an inflammatory immune disease featured by dense T-cell infiltrate and basal keratinocytes degeneration. Immunity related GTPase M (IRGM) is vital for the induction of autophagy. Our previous studies have demonstrated aberrant autophagy in OLP, however, the involvement of IRGM-autophagy axis in OLP has not yet been revealed. The expression of IRGM and autophagy activity were evaluated in oral mucosal tissues and peripheral T cells of OLP patients and healthy controls, respectively. We found significant upregulation of IRGM and LC3B in lesions of patients with OLP as compared with healthy donors. IRGM, LC3B and NOD2 levels were also elevated in the peripheral T cells of OLP. Then, knockdown of IRGM after electrotransfection with siRNA resulted in attenuated autophagy, growth inhibition, and apoptosis of T cells. In addition, preincubation with IFN-γ promoted the expression of IRGM mRNA and induced autophagy in T cells. Furthermore, IFN-γ decreased the proliferation and apoptosis of T cells, whereas facilitated the viability of keratinocytes in a co-culture system of activated T cells and keratinocytes. Taken together, activated IRGM-autophagy axis under IFN-γ regulation in T cells might participate in the immunoregulatory mechanism of OLP.

14.
Blood ; 137(5): 610-623, 2021 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33538795

RESUMO

This study was conducted to determine the dosage effect of c-Myc on hematopoiesis and its distinct role in mediating the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway in hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) and bone marrow niche cells. c-Myc haploinsufficiency led to ineffective hematopoiesis by inhibiting HSC self-renewal and quiescence and by promoting apoptosis. We have identified Nr4a1, Nr4a2, and Jmjd3, which are critical for the maintenance of HSC functions, as previously unrecognized downstream targets of c-Myc in HSCs. c-Myc directly binds to the promoter regions of Nr4a1, Nr4a2, and Jmjd3 and regulates their expression. Our results revealed that Nr4a1 and Nr4a2 mediates the function of c-Myc in regulating HSC quiescence, whereas all 3 genes contribute to the function of c-Myc in the maintenance of HSC survival. Adenomatous polyposis coli (Apc) is a negative regulator of the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. We have provided the first evidence that Apc haploinsufficiency induces a blockage of erythroid lineage differentiation through promoting secretion of IL6 in bone marrow endothelial cells. We found that c-Myc haploinsufficiency failed to rescue defective function of Apc-deficient HSCs in vivo but it was sufficient to prevent the development of severe anemia in Apc-heterozygous mice and to significantly prolong the survival of those mice. Furthermore, we showed that c-Myc-mediated Apc loss induced IL6 secretion in endothelial cells, and c-Myc haploinsufficiency reversed the negative effect of Apc-deficient endothelial cells on erythroid cell differentiation. Our studies indicate that c-Myc has a context-dependent role in mediating the function of Apc in hematopoiesis.

15.
Drug Deliv ; 28(1): 454-462, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33620010

RESUMO

This study aimed to construct a transdermal iontophoresis delivery system for terazosin hydrochloride (IDDS-TEH), which included a positive and negative electrode hydrogel prescription. Intact guinea pig skin was used as a model for the skin barrier function, and the current intensity, terazosin hydrochloride (TEH) concentration, pH, competitive salt, and transdermal enhancer properties were studied. The blood drug concentration was determined in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats using HPLC, and the antihypertensive effects of IDDS-TEH were evaluated in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). The results showed that the steady-state penetration rate of TEH increased (from 80.36 µg·cm-2·h-1 to 304.93 µg·cm-2·h-1), followed by an increase in the current intensity (from 0.10 mA·cm-2 to 0.49 mA·cm-2). The pH values also had a significant influence on percutaneous penetration. The blood concentration of IDDS-TEH was significantly higher (p < .05) than with passive diffusion, which could not be detected. The main pharmacokinetic parameters of the high current group (0.17 mA·cm-2) and the low current group (0.09 mA·cm-2) were AUC0-t: 5873.0 ng·mL-1·h and 2493.7 ng·mL-1·h, respectively. Meanwhile, the pharmacodynamic results showed that IDDS-TEH significantly decreased the blood pressure of SHRs compared with the TEH hydrogel without loading current. Therefore, TEH could be successfully delivered by the transdermal iontophoresis system in vitro and in vivo, and further clinical studies should be explored to develop a therapeutically useful protocol.

16.
J Pediatr Urol ; 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33558174

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Ectopic upper pole ureters in duplex kidneys can be managed surgically by ipsilateral distal ureteroureterostomy or reimplantation of both ipsilateral ureters when upper pole shows reasonable function. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of transvesicoscopic dismembered upper ureteric reimplantation for patients with ectopic upper pole ureters in duplication anomalies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between July 2015 and January 2019, laparoscopic transvesicoscopic ureteral reimplantation was performed in 20 patients with ectopic upper pole ureters. An incision was made in the bladder wall at 1.0 cm proximal to the lower ureteral orifice of affected side. The upper pole ureter was recognized, and the terminal portion of the upper ureter was ligated and cut. Then the proximal portion of the upper ureter was mobilized, a transverse submucosal tunnel was created and upper ureteric reimplantation was performed with 6/0 absorbable sutures. Patients were followed up with renal ultrasonography and voiding cystourethrogram for clinical outcomes and hydronephrosis trends. RESULTS: Median (range) age at surgery was 22.5 (10-53) months. All of the 20 operations were successful, and none required conversion to an extravesical approach or open surgery. Four patients presented with worsening upper pole hydroureteronephrosis but recovered three to six months postoperatively. Resolution of symptoms and improving hydroureteronephrosis were achieved in all patients and VUR of the upper and lower ureters was not detected at postoperative follow-up. DISCUSSION: To our knowledge, dismembered reimplantation of upper pole ureters has been reported only in a small series through extravesical technique. In our study, we performed intravesicoscopic upper ureter Cohen reimplantation for duplex system ureteral ectopia. Compared with the extravesical approach, the transvesicoscopic approach leave most of the pelvic structures intact and the creation of a submucosal tunnel for prevention of ureteral reflux is more reliable; in addition, this approach avoids any manipulation of the lower pole ureter compared to ipsilateral ureteroureterostomy. But this method does not seem applicable to children under 6 months of age because of the small bladder capacity. CONCLUSIONS: The laparoscopic intravesical technique of dismembered ureteral reimplantation was safe and feasible in our cases and may be an alternative surgical treatment for ectopic upper pole ureters in duplication anomalies.

17.
Transplant Proc ; 53(2): 716-723, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33551184

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of dendritic cells (DC) in donor C57BL/6 (H-2b) micetransfected with recombinant adenovirus vector Ad-PD-L1 on proliferation and activation of lymphocytes in recipient DBA/2 (H-2d) mice. METHODS: The pSport 1-mSD274 plasmid containing the full-length PD-L1 cDNA of the mouse was digested and subcloned to the shuttle plasmid pShuttle-GFP-CMV(-), and then the adenovirus skeleton plasmid pAdxsi-GFP-CMV-PD-L1 was constructed by enzymolysis and ligation, transformed into DH5α sensitive bacteria, and screened for positive clones. After enzyme digestion, sequencing, and identification, 293 cells were transfected with liposome after linearization for packaging and amplification, and the virus was purified by cesium chloride density gradient centrifugation. DC of donor C57BL/6 mice were isolated, cultured, and divided into the following 3 groups: group A, adenovirus vector Ad-PD-L1 transfection group; group B, empty vector transfection group; and group C, control group. Western blot was used to detect the expression of PD-L1 in each group of cells after transfection. Isolate lymphocytes from recipient DBA/2 mice were labeled with carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester (CFSE) and mixed with DC of donor C57BL/6 mice with lymphocytes of recipient DBA/2 mice. Flow cytometry was performed to observe the proliferation of lymphocytes. RESULTS: Digestion and sequencing confirmed that the recombinant adenovirus vector Ad-PD-L1 containing PD-L1 was successfully constructed. After transfection with DC of donor C57BL/6 mice, the expression of PD-L1 increased by 37% (P < .05), and the PD-L1 transfected DC and recipient DBA/2. Mouse lymphocytes were cocultured. Compared with the control group, the increased expression of PD-L1 significantly inhibited the proliferation and activation of lymphocytes. The lymphocyte proliferation of DBA/2 mice decreased by 41% (P < .01). CONCLUSION: The recombinant adenovirus vector Ad-PD-L1 containing the mouse PD-L1 gene was successfully constructed. After transfection with dendritic cells of donor C57BL/6 mice, PD-1/PD-L1 inhibited lymphocytes proliferation and activation of recipient DBA/2 mice through costimulatory pathway.

18.
Org Lett ; 23(4): 1209-1215, 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33538167

RESUMO

Electrochemically driven, Cp*Ir(III)-catalyzed regioselective annulative couplings of benzoic acids with alkynes have been established herein. The combination of iridium catalyst and electricity not only circumvents the need for stoichiometric amount of chemical oxidant, but also ensures broad reaction compatibility with a wide array of sterically and electronically diverse substrates. This electrochemical approach represents a sustainable strategy as an ideal alternative and supplement to the oxidative annulations methodology to be engaged in the synthesis of isocoumarin derivatives.

19.
Planta Med ; 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545719

RESUMO

Influenza viral infections are prone to global outbreaks and cause pneumonia in affected populations. High morbidity and mortality caused by pneumonia occur during an influenza pandemic. Antivirals or control of inflammation is the primary means of influenza treatment. A compound cocktail composed of arctiin, daidzein, glycyrrhizic acid, and liquiritin inhibited mouse pneumonia resulting from a PR8 viral infection and caused a weight gain after oral administration. Natural killer cell activating receptors, both Ly49D and Ly49H in the lungs, were increased in the treatment in mice. In H3N2 virus-infected natural killer-92MI cells, the cocktail treatment had different effects on phosphorylation sites of phospholipase Cγ1 (PLCγ1) and killed infected cells through necroptosis or late apoptosis, in which RIP3 was increased and both caspase-3 and phosphorylated-JNK in the cells were downregulated. Acid phosphatase activity in viral-infected natural killer-92MI cells was induced by the compound cocktail treatment, which could be related to the p62 decrease in natural killer-92MI cells. In addition, an autophagic flux induction was observed in alveolar basal epithelial cells (A549). Protein p65, but not phosphorylated-p65, was significantly decreased by the treatment. Our results indicate that the compound cocktail strengthened the phosphorylation of PLCγ1-related necroptosis and partial autophagy in natural killer cells, which could yield an inhibitory effect on viral pneumonia in influenza.

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