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1.
Nano Res ; : 1-7, 2022 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35571588

RESUMO

Early detection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection is an efficient way to prevent the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Detecting SARS-CoV-2 antigen can be rapid and convenient, but it is still challenging to develop highly sensitive methods for effective diagnosis. Herein, a lateral flow assay (LFA) based on fluorescent nanoparticles emitting in the second near-infrared (NIR-II) window is developed for sensitive detection of SARS-CoV-2 antigen. Benefiting from the NIR-II fluorescence with high penetration and low autofluorescence, such NIR-II based LFA allows enhanced signal-to-background ratio, and the limit of detection is down to 0.01 ng·mL-1 of SARS-CoV-2 antigen. In the clinical swab sample tests, the NIR-II LFA outperforms the colloidal gold LFA with higher overall percent agreement with the polymerase chain reaction test. The clinical samples with low antigen concentrations (∼ 0.015-∼ 0.068 ng·mL-1) can be successfully detected by the NIR-II LFA, but fail for the colloidal gold LFA. The NIR-II LFA can provide a promising platform for highly sensitive, rapid, and cost-effective method for early diagnosis and mass screening of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Electronic Supplementary Material: Supplementary material (the operation procedure and cost of the materials needed of NIR-II lateral flow assays, the dynamic light scattering spectrum of the NIR-II nanoparticles, the components and testing principle, optimization of main parameters pertaining to the LFA performance, the colloidal gold LFA strip, the fluorescence intensity distribution curves and the T/C values of the strips for clinical samples by NIR-II LFA, and results of clinical swab samples detected by colloidal gold LFA) is available in the online version of this article at 10.1007/s12274-022-4351-1.

2.
Paediatr Drugs ; 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35508891

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Children with severe Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) may progress to end-stage renal disease without appropriate treatment. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of tacrolimus combined with glucocorticoids in the treatment of pediatric HSPN. METHODS: A total of 87 HSPN patients with urinary protein ≥ 0.75 g/24 h received standard of care, including angiotensin II receptor blockers/angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and glucocorticoids. Patients were divided into three groups and additionally received tacrolimus (n = 30), cyclophosphamide (n = 31), or mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) (n = 26). We monitored outcome measures, including proteinuria, hematuria, and renal function and analyzed the efficacy and side effects in each group. RESULTS: At 2-month follow-up, the overall efficacy was 93.3%, 83.9%, and 61.5% for tacrolimus, cyclophosphamide, and MMF, respectively (P < 0.05). Urinary protein significantly decreased for all groups. Urinary red blood cell counts significantly decreased for patients treated with tacrolimus (P < 0.001) and cyclophosphamide (P < 0.05), whereas no significant decrease was seen for those receiving MMF (P = 0.09). Although urine ß2-microglobulin significantly decreased following 2 months of treatment with all medications, efficacy was greater with tacrolimus than with cyclophosphamide and MMF (P < 0.001). Major adverse events were respiratory and urinary infections, with MMF having the highest infection rate. The cyclophosphamide group also experienced additional adverse events, including arrhythmia, hemorrhagic cystitis, leukocytosis, thrombocytopenia, and hyperglycemia. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that tacrolimus is more effective at reducing proteinuria and hematuria and improving renal function, with relatively milder side effects, in the treatment of pediatric HSPN. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR2200055323, retrospectively registered on January 7, 2022.

4.
Talanta ; 246: 123534, 2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35569274

RESUMO

Okadaic acid (OA), dinophysistoxin-1 (DTX-1), and dinophysistoxin-2 (DTX-2) are the main diarrheic shellfish poisons (DSPs). Detection methods to achieve simultaneous detection of the three toxins are urgently needed. In this paper, a terminal fixation design proposed in our previous study was further explored to engineer an aptamer with group-specific recognition ability from an original aptamer binding to one target. Both molecular docking assay and biolayer interferometry assay were applied to reveal the binding mechanisms between three DSPs and the engineered aptamer. Then, a label-free colorimetric aptasensor by fabricating the aptamer with AuNPs@Fe2+ nanozyme was constructed, which provided a wide linear detection range (0.4688-7.5 nM), a very low limit of detection (LOD, 86.28 pM), and good recoveries (96.02-104.9%) when analyzing DSPs in seawater and scallop samples, indicating the engineered aptamer and the developed aptasensor had great potential in recognizing and detecting multiple DSPs in real world.

5.
Arch Virol ; 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35543767

RESUMO

The leafhopper Recilia dorsalis (family Cicadellidae, tribe Deltocephalini) is a common pest of rice and a transmitter of various viruses. Here, we discovered a novel virus in an R. dorsalis sample and determined its complete genome sequence by metagenomic sequencing and rapid amplification of cDNA ends. Based on a homology search and phylogenetic analysis, we show that the new virus belongs to the genus Iflavirus, family Iflaviridae, and we have tentatively named it "Recilia dorsalis iflavirus 1" (RdIV1). Excluding the polyA tail, the RdIV1 genome is 10,986 nucleotides in length and is predicted to encode a 3,195-amino-acid-long polyprotein that possesses the typical domains of iflaviruses: two rhinovirus-like (rhv-like) capsid domains, a cricket paralysis virus-like (CRPV-like) capsid domain, a helicase domain, a protease domain, and an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) domain. BLAST searches showed that the RdIV1 genome has the highest amino sequence identity (73.8%) in the coat protein region to Euscelidius variegatus virus 1 (EVV-1), a member of to the genus Iflavirus, indicating that RdIV1 can be classified as a new iflavirus.

6.
Int J Nurs Pract ; : e13062, 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35545098

RESUMO

AIMS: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the effects of home-based telehealth compared with usual care on six-minute walking distance (6MWD), health-related quality of life, anxiety and depression in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. METHODS: We identified randomized controlled trials through a systematic multidatabase search. Titles and abstracts were assessed for relevance. Two authors independently extracted data and assessed the risk of bias and quality of evidence. Meta-analyses were conducted using Review Manager and Stata. RESULTS: We included 32 randomized controlled trials (n = 5232). Devices used for home-based telehealth interventions included telephones, videos, and combined devices. The quality of the evidence was downgraded due to high risk of bias, imprecision, and inconsistency. Home-based telehealth significantly increased 6MWD by 35 m (SD = 30.42) and reduced symptom burden by 3 points (SD = -2.30) on the COPD assessment test compared with usual care. However, no significant differences in anxiety and depression were noted between the home-based telehealth group and the standard care group. In subgroup analysis, home-based telehealth significantly improved 6MWD and health status after 6-12 months and >12 months. CONCLUSION: Low quality evidence showed that home-based telehealth interventions reduce symptom burden and increase walking distance to a clinically meaningful extent in patients with COPD. However, no effects on depression and anxiety were observed.

7.
Curr HIV Res ; 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35549861

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The necessity for newer anti-HIV and anti-tubercular medications has arisen as a result of the prevalence of opportunistic infections caused by HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). OBJECTIVE: A series of ten new hydrazono 1,3-thiazolidin-4-one derivatives were synthesized in one-pot and evaluated for anti-HIV and anti-tubercular activities. Molecular Docking was perormed with HIV-1 reverse transcriptase protein (PDB ID: 1REV) and Mycobacterium Tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) H37Rv protein (PDB ID: 2YES) receptors along with drug-likeness and ADMET properties. METHODS: One-pot synthesis of hydrazono 1,3-thiazolidin-4-one derivatives was carried out by ketones, thiosemicarbazide and ethylchloroacetate with the catalyst of anhydrous sodium acetate. All the synthesized compounds were characterized, and evaluated for their in-vitro anti-HIV and also evaluated for their in-vitro anti-tubercular activity against M. tuberculosis H37Rv. In-silico predicted physicochemical parameters were done by MedChem DesignerTM software version 5.5 and ADMET parameters by pkCSM online tool. Furthermore, molecular docking was performed with pyrx 0.8 by autodock vina software. RESULTS: All the synthesized compounds were characterized and evaluated for their in-vitro anti-HIV activity for inhibition of syncytia formation, which shows KTE1 with EC5¬0 47.95 µM and Selectivity Index (SI) of >4.17 and for inhibition of p24 antigen production EC5¬0 was found to be 80.02 µM and SI of >2.49. The compounds were also evaluated for their in-vitro anti-tubercular activity against M. tuberculosis H37Rv, in which KTE1 MIC values of 12.5µg/ml with SI of >4.0 and cytotoxicity against Vero cell lines. In-silico predicted physicochemical parameters for synthesized compounds which were found to be drug-like. Furthermore, docking has shown a good dock score and binding energy with anti-HIV and anti-tubercular receptors. CONCLUSION: From the novel synthesized molecules none of the molecule is as effective as standards for anti-HIV and anti-tubercular drugs and hence can be further explored for its potential activities. Furthermore, derivatization was made to achieve more potent compounds for anti-HIV and anti-tubercular drugs.

8.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 2576, 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35546150

RESUMO

Engineered natural killer (NK) cells represent a promising option for immune therapy option due to their immediate availability in allogeneic settings. Severe acute diseases, such as COVID-19, require targeted and immediate intervention. Here we show engineering of NK cells to express (1) soluble interleukin-15 (sIL15) for enhancing their survival and (2) a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) consisting of an extracellular domain of ACE2, targeting the spike protein of SARS-CoV-2. These CAR NK cells (mACE2-CAR_sIL15 NK cells) bind to VSV-SARS-CoV-2 chimeric viral particles as well as the recombinant SARS-CoV-2 spike protein subunit S1 leading to enhanced NK cell production of TNF-α and IFN-γ and increased in vitro and in vivo cytotoxicity against cells expressing the spike protein. Administration of mACE2-CAR_sIL15 NK cells maintains body weight, reduces viral load, and prolongs survival of transgenic mice expressing human ACE2 upon infection with live SARS-CoV-2. These experiments, and the capacity of mACE2-CAR_sIL15 NK cells to retain their activity following cryopreservation, demonstrate their potential as an allogeneic off-the-shelf therapy for COVID-19 patients who are faced with limited treatment options.

9.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(9)2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35564209

RESUMO

The polarization multiplexing technique is a well-established method that improves the communication capacity of an optical system. In this paper, we designed orthogonal linear and circular polarization multiplexing metalens using a library of rectangle TiO2 nanostructures. The former can independently focus x- and y-linearly polarized incident lights to designed positions with a focusing efficiency of 53.81% and 51.56%, respectively, whereas the latter with two preset focal points can independently control left and right circularly polarized incident lights with a focusing efficiency of 42.45% and 42.46%, respectively. We also show that both metalenses can produce diffraction-limited focal spots for four polarization states with no obvious distortion, which opens up new applications in polarization imaging and polarization detection.

10.
Environ Pollut ; : 119463, 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35569622

RESUMO

The occurrence of excessive ammonium in groundwater threatens human and aquatic ecosystem health across many places worldwide. As the fate of ammonium in groundwater systems is often affected by a complex mixture of transport and biogeochemical transformation processes, identifying the sources of groundwater ammonium is an important prerequisite for planning effective mitigation strategies. Elevated ammonium was found in both a shallow and an underlying deep groundwater system in an alluvial aquifer system beneath an agricultural area in the central Yangtze River Basin, China. In this study we develop and apply a novel, indirect approach, which couples the random forest classification (RFC) of machine learning method and fluorescence excitation-emission matrices with parallel factor analysis (EEM-PARAFAC), to distinguish multiple sources of ammonium in a multi-layer aquifer. EEM-PARAFAC was applied to provide insights into potential ammonium sources as well as the carbon and nitrogen cycling processes affecting ammonium fate. Specifically, RFC was used to unravel the different key factors controlling the high levels of ammonium prevailing in the shallow and deep aquifer sections, respectively. Our results reveal that high concentrations of ammonium in the shallow groundwater system primarily originate from anthropogenic sources, before being modulated by intensive microbially mediated nitrogen transformation processes such as nitrification, denitrification and dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium (DNRA). By contrast, the linkage between high concentrations of ammonium and decomposition of soil organic matter, which ubiquitously contained nitrogen, suggested that mineralization of soil organic nitrogen compounds is the primary mechanism for the enrichment of ammonium in deeper groundwaters.

11.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 866410, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35573790

RESUMO

Dental caries severely hinders efficient access to adequate energy in wildlife. Different food supplies will develop characteristic plaque, and the microorganisms of these plaque are closely related to dental health. Here, plaque samples from panda cubs with caries and caries-free were collected for 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing. All sequences clustered into 337 operational taxonomic units (OTUs; 97% identity), representing 268 independent species belonging to 189 genera, 98 families, 51 orders, 24 classes, and 13 phyla. Two groups shared 218 OTUs, indicating the presence of a core plaque microbiome. α diversity analysis showed that the microbial diversity in plaques with caries exceeded that of caries-free. The dominant phyla of plaque microbiota included Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, Fusobacteria, and Actinobacteria. The dominant genera included unclassified Neisseriaceae, Actinobacillus, Lautropia, Neisseria, Porhyromonas, unclassified Pasteurellaceae, Moraxella, Streptococcus, Bergeywlla and Capnocytophaga. ß diversity analysis showed that the plaque microbial community structure was different between two groups. Using LEfSe analysis, 19 differentially abundant taxa were identified as potential biomarkers. Finally, function predictions analysis showed All the energy related metabolic pathways on KEGG level 2 were enriched in caries-active group. Consistent with the mainstream caries-causing narrative, our results illuminate the lack of information regarding the oral microflora composition and function within giant panda cubs.

12.
Biol Psychiatry ; 2022 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35489874

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depression is the most common mental illness. Mounting evidence suggests that dysregulation of extracellular ATP (adenosine triphosphate) is involved in the pathophysiology of depression. However, the cellular and neural circuit mechanisms through which ATP modulates depressive-like behavior remain elusive. METHODS: By use of ex vivo slice electrophysiology, chemogenetic manipulations, RNA interference, gene knockout, behavioral testing, and two depression mouse models, one induced by chronic social defeat stress and one caused by a IP3R2-null mutation, we systematically investigated the cellular and neural circuit mechanisms underlying ATP deficiency-induced depressive-like behavior. RESULTS: Deficiency of extracellular ATP in both defeated susceptible mice and IP3R2-null mutation mice led to reduced GABAergic (gamma-aminobutyric acidergic) inhibition and elevated excitability in lateral habenula-projecting, but not dorsal raphe-projecting, medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) neurons. Furthermore, the P2X2 receptor in GABAergic interneurons mediated ATP modulation of lateral habenula-projecting mPFC neurons and depressive-like behavior. Remarkably, chemogenetic activation of the mPFC-lateral habenula pathway induced depressive-like behavior in C57BL/6J mice, while inhibition of this pathway was sufficient to alleviate the behavioral impairment in both defeated susceptible and IP3R2-null mutant mice. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our study provides compelling evidence that ATP level in the mPFC is critically involved in regulating depressive-like behavior in a pathway-specific manner. These results shed new light on the mechanisms underlying depression and the antidepressant effect of ATP.

14.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 841614, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35464979

RESUMO

Growing evidence has demonstrated that hypertension was associated with dysbiosis of intestinal flora. Since intestinal microbes could critically regulate neurofunction via the intestinal-brain axis, the study aimed to reveal the role and prediction value of intestinal flora alteration in hypertension-associated cognitive impairment. A cohort of 97 participants included 63 hypertension patients and 34 healthy controls. The structure of intestinal flora was analyzed by V3-V4 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing. The cognitive function was assessed using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scale, and 31 patients were considered to have cognitive impairment (MoCA < 26). Patients with cognitive impairment had considerable alterations in intestinal flora structure, composition, and function compared with normal-cognitive patients. In particular, the abundance of LPS-containing taxa (Proteobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria, Enterobacterales, Enterobacteriaceae, and Escherichia-Shigella) and SCFA-producing taxon (Prevotella) significantly changed in cognition-impaired patients. Tax4Fun predication results showed downregulation of glycan biosynthesis and metabolism in hypertension patients with cognitive impairment. Additionally, the pathway was demonstrated to be significantly correlated with LPS-containing taxa (Proteobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria, Enterobacterales, Enterobacteriaceae, and Escherichia-Shigella) and SCFA-producing taxon Prevotella. Furthermore, the taxa-based multiple joint prediction model (9×) was demonstrated to have excellent diagnostic potential for cognitive impairment of hypertension patients (AUC = 0.944). The current study revealed the involvement of intestinal microbiota dysbiosis in cognition-impaired hypertension patients and provided an objective predictive index for this cognition disorder.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35432560

RESUMO

Objective: To systematically assess the clinical efficacy of the Jie Yu Wan (JYW) formula in treating generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Methods: A multicenter, prospective, double-blind, double-dummy, randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted at four hospitals in China. A total of one hundred thirty-three patients with GAD were enrolled from 2017 to 2019. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) JYW formula on GAD at eight weeks, with the use of Buspirone as the comparator. A stepwise dosing protocol was used (JYW: high dose 24 g/day, low dose 12 g/day; Buspirone: high dose 30 mg/day, low dose 15 mg/day) and the dose was adjusted depending on whether the treatment response of Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) score was less than or equal to 25% after one week. The primary outcome was a change in total score on the HAMA. The secondary outcomes included the Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD), Clinical Global Impression (CGI) scale, and TCM Syndrome Scale. Adverse events were recorded using the Treatment Emergent Symptom Scale (TESS). Assessments were conducted at the baseline and 1, 2, 4, and 8 weeks. Results: A total of one hundred thirty-three participants were randomly assigned to the JYW group (n = 66) and the Buspirone group (n = 67). One hundred twenty-one patients (91%) completed at least one follow-up session. There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of gender, age, disease course, HAMA, HAMD, CGI, and TCM Syndrome Scale scores at baseline (all P > 0.05). Repeated-measures analysis of variance revealed statistically significant time effects for the HAMA (P=0.002), HAMD (P = 0.018), and CGI (P=0.001) in both groups. Sensitivity analyses supported the credibility of the main results (P > 0.05). The group effect was not significant for the HAMA (P=0.43), HAMD (P=0.27), CGI (P=0.37), and TCM Syndrome Scale (P=0.86). Furthermore, there were no significant interaction effects between time and group in terms of the HAMA (P=0.47), HAMD (P=0.79), CGI (P=0.67), and TCM Syndrome Scale (P=0.69). After one week, 53 patients (80%) of the JYW group and 52 patients (78%) of the Buspirone group were adjusted to high doses. The interaction effect between time, group, and the dose was determined by repeated measures ANOVA test, and the HAMA score served as the outcome measure. The interaction effect between time and dose was statistically significant (P=0.04), which shows that high-dose JYW (24 g/day) was more effective in decreasing patients' HAMA scores than low-dose JYW (12 g/day), and Buspirone had the same effect, which means that high-dose Buspirone (30 mg/day) was more effective than low dose. (15 mg/day). Conclusions: The conclusion of this study supports that JYW and Buspirone can effectively alleviate the anxiety symptoms of GAD patients, which are both effective and safe for treatment of mild to moderate GAD. Besides, high-dose JYW or Buspirone are more effective than low-dose, which is of great importance in assisting clinical medication choice.

16.
Front Chem ; 10: 867318, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35433636

RESUMO

Matrine is an alkaloid extracted from traditional Chinese herbs including Sophora flavescentis, Sophora alopecuroides, Sophora root, etc. It has the dual advantages of traditional Chinese herbs and chemotherapy drugs. It exhibits distinct benefits in preventing and improving chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease and tumors. The review introduced recent research progresses on extraction, synthesis and derivatization of Matrine. The summary focused on the latest research advances of Matrine on anti-atherosclerosis, anti-hypertension, anti-ischemia reperfusion injury, anti-arrhythmia, anti-diabetic cardiovascular complications, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterium, anti-virus, which would provide new core structures and new insights for new drug development in related fields.

17.
Cell Prolif ; : e13230, 2022 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35437864

RESUMO

Stem cells maintain adult tissue homeostasis under physiological conditions. Uncontrolled stem cell proliferation will lead to tumorigenesis. How stem cell proliferation is precisely controlled is still not fully understood. Phosphorylation of Yun is essential for ISC proliferation. Yun is essential for the proliferation of normal and transformed intestinal stem cells. Our mass spectrometry and biochemical data suggest that Yun can be phosphorylated at multiple residues in vivo. Interestingly, we show that the phosphorylation among these residues is likely interdependent. Furthermore, phosphorylation of each residue in Yun is important for its function in ISC proliferation regulation. Thus, our study unveils the important role of post-translational modification of Yun in stem cell proliferation.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35434766

RESUMO

Recent evidence indicates that 5-HT1A receptors play a significant role in mediating maternal behavior in rats. Given that they also modulate the mesocortical dopamine system, we hypothesized that 5-HT1A receptors may mediate maternal behavior, possibly by interacting with the D2 receptor. To address this issue, we used a combination of 5-HT1A agonist (8-OH-DPAT, 0.5 mg/kg) and two D2 drugs (an agonist quinpirole, QUIN, 1.0 mg/kg; a potent D2 antagonist haloperidol, HAL, 0.1 mg/kg) on rat maternal behavior in the home-cage maternal behavior and pup preference tests. We replicated the findings that acute QUIN, HAL, and 8-OH-DPAT disrupted home-cage maternal behavior. When administered in combination, pretreatment with HAL and QUIN worsened 8-OH-DPAT-induced maternal disruption and induced a decrease in the pup preference ratio. Accordingly, 8-OH-DPAT enhanced QUIN' and HAL's disruption of pup retrieval and pup preference, reversed the increase in hovering over pups induced by HAL. These findings suggest that activation of 5-HT1A receptors enhances D2-mediated maternal disruption. Furthermore, given that the combination of D2 drugs and 5-HT1A agonists only produced an additive effect on maternal disruption, 5-HT1A receptors may have a direct effect on maternal behavior independent of their interaction with D2 receptors.

19.
Eur J Pharm Sci ; 173: 106182, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35405270

RESUMO

Metformin (Met) is a first-line and essential treatment for type 2 diabetes, with anti-inflammatory effects. It has been reported Met could inhibit NF-κB activity and down-regulate the release of inflammatory factors. However, whether Met has a protective effect on chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis(CIOM) is unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of Metformin(Met) on chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis(CIOM) and further explore its possible mechanism. 5-Fu was used in the C57BL/6 mice to establish the model of CIOM. Our results showed Met could significantly improve 5-Fu-induced mucosal damage, apoptosis, ROS and releasing of inflammatory factors in the tongue tissue. In addition, Met could inhibit 5-Fu-induced high expression of endoplasmic reticulum stress(ERS)-related proteins GRP78 and CHOP. Further studies showed that the protective effect of ERS inhibitor 4-PBA on CIOM was similar to Met. Moreover, Met inhibited the phosphorylation of NF-κB in tongue tissue, independent of AMPK phosphorylation. The protective effect of PDTC, an inhibitor of NF-κB, on tongue tissue was similar to that of Met. This study confirmed the protective effect of Met on 5-Fu-induced CIOM, which was achieved by inhibiting ERS and reducing the activity of NF-κB.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Metformina , Estomatite , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Fluoruracila/efeitos adversos , Metformina/farmacologia , Metformina/uso terapêutico , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Estomatite/induzido quimicamente
20.
ACS Omega ; 7(14): 12171-12185, 2022 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35449929

RESUMO

Cenotes are habitats with unique physical, chemical, and biological features. Unexplored microorganisms from these sinkholes represent a potential source of bioactive molecules. Thus, a series of cultivable fungi (Aspergillus spp. NCA257, NCA264, and NCA276, Stachybotrys sp. NCA252, and Cladosporium sp. NCA273) isolated from the cenote Tza Itzá were subjected to chemical, coculture, and metabolomic analyses. Nineteen compounds were obtained and tested for their antimicrobial potential against ESKAPE pathogens, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and nontuberculous mycobacteria. In particular, phenylspirodrimanes from Stachybotrys sp. NCA252 showed significant activity against MRSA, MSSA, and mycobacterial strains. On the other hand, the absolute configuration of the new compound 17-deoxy-aspergillin PZ (1) isolated from Aspergillus sp. NCA276 was established via single-crystal X-ray crystallography. Also, the chemical analysis of the cocultures between Aspergillus and Cladosporium strains revealed the production of metabolites that were not present or were barely detected in the monocultures. Finally, molecular networking analysis of the LC-MS-MS/MS data for each fungus was used as a tool for the annotation of additional compounds, increasing the chemical knowledge on the corresponding fungal strains. Overall, this is the first systematic chemical study on fungi isolated from a sinkhole in Mexico.

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