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1.
Molecules ; 25(2)2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31936396

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Natural meroterpenes derived from phloroglucinols and ß-caryophyllene have shown high inhibitory activity against α-glucosidase or cancer cells, however, the chemical diversity of this type of skeletons in Nature is limited. METHODS: To expand the chemical space and explore their inhibitory activities against α-glucosidase (EC 3.2.1.20), we employed ß-caryophyllene and some natural moieties (4-hydroxycoumarins, lawsone or syncarpic acid) to synthesize new types of meroterpene-like skeletons. All the products (including side products) were isolated and characterized by NMR, HR-MS, and ECD. RESULTS: In total, 17 products (representing seven scaffolds) were generated through a one-pot procedure. Most products (12 compounds) showed more potential activity (IC50 < 25 µM) than the positive controls (acarbose and genistein, IC50 58.19, and 54.74 µM, respectively). Compound 7 exhibited the most potent inhibition of α-glucosidase (IC50 3.56 µM) in a mixed-type manner. The CD analysis indicated that compound 7 could bind to α-glucosidase and influence the enzyme's secondary structure. CONCLUSIONS: Compound 7 could serve as a new type of template compound to develop α-glucosidase inhibitors. Full investigation of a biomimic reaction can be used as a concise strategy to explore diverse natural-like skeletons and search for novel lead compounds.

2.
Org Biomol Chem ; 16(48): 9454-9460, 2018 12 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30516781

RESUMO

Meroterpenoids isolated from guava (Psidium guajava) and Rhodomyrtus tomentosa possess special skeletons which incorporate terpenoids with phloroglucinol derivatives. Most of these meroterpenoids showed high cytotoxicity against cancer cell lines. However, their chemical diversity is very limited. Herein, we employed a biomimetic hetero-cycloaddition starting from ortho-quinone methides and an abundant natural product, ß-caryophyllene, to generate meroterpene-like compounds. Considering that the source plant has hyperglycemic functions, α-glucosidase was selected as a target for bioassay. Nine compounds were screened out for promising activities (IC50 < 15 µM), which were better than the positive controls genistein and acarbose. The best inhibitor 12 (IC50 2.73 µM) possesses two caryophyllene moieties. They represented a new type of skeleton possessing activities against α-glucosidase. The kinetic study exhibited that these inhibitors belong to a non-competitive type. All these inhibitors may provide an opportunity to develop a new class of antidiabetic agents.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/farmacologia , Psidium/química , Sesquiterpenos/química , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , alfa-Glucosidases/metabolismo , Biomimética/métodos , Cristalografia por Raios X , Reação de Cicloadição/métodos , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/síntese química , Humanos , Cinética , Modelos Moleculares , Sesquiterpenos/síntese química
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