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1.
Lipids Health Dis ; 20(1): 167, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34823555

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is a common but intractable disease that appears to involve lipid metabolic disorders. Although numerous studies have demonstrated that high blood levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) are closely associated with ONFH, there is limited evidence to explain the pathological role of LDL. Pathological and in vitro studies were performed to investigate the role of disordered metabolism of LDL and oxidized LDL (ox-LDL) in the femoral head in the pathology of ONFH. METHODS: Nineteen femoral head specimens from patients with ONFH were obtained for immunohistochemistry analysis. Murine long-bone osteocyte Y4 cells were used to study the effects of LDL/ox-LDL on cell viability, apoptosis, and metabolism process of LDL/ox-LDL in osteocytes in normoxic and hypoxic environments. RESULTS: In the pathological specimens, marked accumulation of LDL/ox-LDL was observed in osteocytes/lacunae of necrotic regions compared with healthy regions. In vitro studies showed that ox-LDL, rather than LDL, reduced the viability and enhanced apoptosis of osteocytes. Pathological sections indicated that the accumulation of ox-LDL was significantly associated with impaired blood supply. Exposure to a hypoxic environment appeared to be a key factor leading to LDL/ox-LDL accumulation by enhancing internalisation and oxidation of LDL in osteocytes. CONCLUSIONS: The accumulation of LDL/ox-LDL in the necrotic region may contribute to the pathology of ONFH. These findings could provide new insights into the prevention and treatment of ONFH.

2.
Neurosci Bull ; 36(12): 1484-1499, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067780

RESUMO

Trigeminal neuralgia is a debilitating condition, and the pain easily spreads to other parts of the face. Here, we established a mouse model of partial transection of the infraorbital nerve (pT-ION) and found that the Connexin 36 (Cx36) inhibitor mefloquine caused greater alleviation of pT-ION-induced cold allodynia compared to the reduction of mechanical allodynia. Mefloquine reversed the pT-ION-induced upregulation of Cx36, glutamate receptor ionotropic kainate 2 (GluK2), transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1), and phosphorylated extracellular signal regulated kinase (p-ERK) in the trigeminal ganglion. Cold allodynia but not mechanical allodynia induced by pT-ION or by virus-mediated overexpression of Cx36 in the trigeminal ganglion was reversed by the GluK2 antagonist NS102, and knocking down Cx36 expression in Nav1.8-expressing nociceptors by injecting virus into the orofacial skin area of Nav1.8-Cre mice attenuated cold allodynia but not mechanical allodynia. In conclusion, we show that Cx36 contributes greatly to the development of orofacial pain hypersensitivity through GluK2, TRPA1, and p-ERK signaling.


Assuntos
Conexinas/metabolismo , Dor Facial , Hiperalgesia , Receptores de Ácido Caínico/metabolismo , Canal de Cátion TRPA1/metabolismo , Gânglio Trigeminal , Animais , China , Temperatura Baixa , Conexinas/antagonistas & inibidores , Dor Facial/metabolismo , Indóis , Masculino , Mefloquina/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Oximas
3.
Chin J Dig Dis ; 6(1): 10-4, 2005.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15667552

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Eight cellular homologs of the inhibitors-of-apoptosis proteins (IAP) have been identified in humans and of them, the X-linked IAP (XIAP) is the most potent. XIAP-associated factor 1 (XAF1) is a newly discovered XIAP-binding protein that negatively regulates the caspase-inhibiting activity of XIAP. It is either not expressed or present at extremely low levels in many cancer cell lines. The aims of the present study were: (i) to investigate the expression of XAF1 in human colorectal cancers (CRC) both in vitro and in vivo, and (ii) to evaluate the possibility of XAF1 as a new tumor marker. METHODS: The expression of XAF1 in four human colon cancer cell lines (Colo205, Colo320, SW1116, LoVo) and in samples from 70 patients with CRC was analyzed by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. XAF1 concentrations were also detected in the peripheral circulation of the 70 patients, as well as three traditional circulating cancer-associated antigens. RESULTS: A low concentration of XAF1 mRNA was detectable in the three colon cancer cell lines other than Colo205, which showed the strongest expression of XAF1. The expression of XAF1 in tissue was relatively lower in primary CRC compared with a relatively higher level in benign colorectal tumors (P < 0.01). Although the XAF1 expression in circulation of those with CRC was also lower than in those with benign tumors, there was no statistical significance (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The present results suggest that the low expression of XAF1 in tumor tissue coincides with a similar level in the peripheral circulation, which contributes at least part to the malignant behavior of CRC. Integrating the XAF1 relative expression value with the other three traditional tumor biomarkers created a four-parameter assay that significantly improved the rate of diagnosis of CRC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/fisiopatologia , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal , Idoso , Apoptose , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Dedos de Zinco
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