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1.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32185442

RESUMO

GC/MS coupled metabolomics analysis, using a simplified and much less expensive silylation process with trimethylsilyl cyanide (TMSCN), was conducted to investigate metabolic abnormalities in stomach cancer cells. Under optimized conditions for derivatization by TMSCN and methanol extraction, 228 metabolites were detected using GC/MS spectrometry analysis, and 89 metabolites were identified using standard compounds and the NIST database. Ten metabolite levels were found to be lower in stomach cancer cells relative to normal cells. Among those ten metabolites, four metabolites-ribose, proline, pyroglutamic acid, and glucose-were known to be linked to cancers. In particular, pyroglutamic acid level showed a drastic reduction of 22-fold in stomach cancer cells. Since glutamine and glutamic acid are known to undergo cyclization to pyroglutamic acid, the 22-fold reduction might be the actual reduction in the levels of glutamine and/or glutamic acid-both known to be cancer-related. Hence, the marked reduction in pyroglutamic acid level might serve as a biomarker to aid early detection of stomach cancer. Graphical abstract.

2.
Biosci Rep ; 40(3)2020 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32134466

RESUMO

The present study aimed to investigate the effects of lncRNA FENDRR on the migration and invasion of malignant melanoma (MM) cells. The expression levels of FENDRR in MM tissues and MM cell lines were detected using qRT-PCR, followed by construction of FENDRR-knocked down and overexpressed stable cells. Then the effects of FENDRR on cell proliferation, migration and invasion were detected using MTT assay and Transwell assay. The protein expression levels of matrix metallopeptidase 2 (MMP2), MMP9, and related factors in JNK/c-Jun pathway were detected using Western blot. FENDRR was down-regulated in MM tissues and cell lines. Besides, its expression levels in different MM cells were diverse. Knockdown of FENDRR facilitated MM cells proliferation, migration and invasion in A375 cells, while overexpressing FENDRR had reverse results. In addition, MMPs and JNK/c-Jun pathway involved in the FENDRR-mediated regulation of MM cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Our results demonstrated that FENDRR mediated the metastasis phenotype of MM cells by inhibiting the expressions of MMP2 and MMP9 and antagonizing the JNK/c-Jun pathway.

3.
Microb Cell Fact ; 19(1): 70, 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32188438

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genome streamlining is a feasible strategy for constructing an optimum microbial chassis for synthetic biology applications. Genomic islands (GIs) are usually regarded as foreign DNA sequences, which can be obtained by horizontal gene transfer among microorganisms. A model strain Pseudomonas putida KT2440 has broad applications in biocatalysis, biotransformation and biodegradation. RESULTS: In this study, the identified GIs in P. putida KT2440 accounting for 4.12% of the total genome size were deleted to generate a series of genome-reduced strains. The mutant KTU-U13 with the largest deletion was advantageous over the original strain KTU in several physiological characteristics evaluated. The mutant KTU-U13 showed high plasmid transformation efficiency and heterologous protein expression capacity compared with the original strain KTU. The metabolic phenotype analysis showed that the types of carbon sources utilized by the mutant KTU-U13 and the utilization capabilities for certain carbon sources were increased greatly. The polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) yield and cell dry weight of the mutant KTU-U13 were improved significantly compared with the original strain KTU. The chromosomal integration efficiencies for the γ-hexachlorocyclohexane (γ-HCH) and 1,2,3-trichloropropane (TCP) biodegradation pathways were improved greatly when using the mutant KTU-U13 as the recipient cell and enhanced degradation of γ-HCH and TCP by the mutant KTU-U13 was also observed. The mutant KTU-U13 was able to stably express a plasmid-borne zeaxanthin biosynthetic pathway, suggesting the excellent genetic stability of the mutant. CONCLUSIONS: These desirable traits make the GIs-deleted mutant KTU-U13 an optimum chassis for synthetic biology applications. The present study suggests that the systematic deletion of GIs in bacteria may be a useful approach for generating an optimal chassis for the construction of microbial cell factories.

4.
Microb Cell Fact ; 19(1): 59, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32138785

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heterogeneity of oil-bearing formations is one of major contributors to low oil recovery efficiency globally. Long-term water flooding will aggravate this heterogeneity by resulting in many large channels during the exploitation process. Thus, injected water quickly flows through these large channels rather than oil-bearing areas, which ultimately leads to low oil recovery. This problem can be solved by profile control using polymer plugging. However, non-deep profile control caused by premature plugging is the main challenge. Here, a conditional bacterial cellulose-producing strain, namely Enterobacter sp. FY-0701, was constructed for deep profile control to solve the problem of premature plugging. Its deep profile control and oil displacement capabilities were subsequently identified and assessed. RESULTS: The conditional bacterial cellulose-producing strain Enterobacter sp. FY-0701 was constructed by knocking out a copy of fructose-1, 6-bisphosphatase (FBP) encoding gene in Enterobacter sp. FY-07. Scanning electron microscope observation showed this strain produced bacterial cellulose using glucose rather than glycerol as the sole carbon source. Bacterial concentration and cellulose production at different locations in core experiments indicated that the plugging position of FY-0701 was deeper than that of FY-07. Moreover, enhanced oil recovery by FY-0701 was 12.09%, being 3.86% higher than that by FY-07 in the subsequent water flooding process. CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the first report of conditional biopolymer-producing strains used in microbial enhance oil recovery (MEOR). Our results demonstrated that the conditional bacterial cellulose-producing strain can in situ produce biopolymer far from injection wells and plugs large channels, which increased the sweep volume of injection water and enhance oil recovery. The construction of this strain provides an alternative strategy for using biopolymers in MEOR.

5.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 650, 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32005847

RESUMO

Inadequate water quality can mean that water is unsuitable for a variety of human uses, thus exacerbating freshwater scarcity. Previous large-scale water scarcity assessments mostly focused on the availability of sufficient freshwater quantity for providing supplies, but neglected the quality constraints on water usability. Here we report a comprehensive nationwide water scarcity assessment in China, which explicitly includes quality requirements for human water uses. We highlight the necessity of incorporating water scarcity assessment at multiple temporal and geographic scales. Our results show that inadequate water quality exacerbates China's water scarcity, which is unevenly distributed across the country. North China often suffers water scarcity throughout the year, whereas South China, despite sufficient quantities, experiences seasonal water scarcity due to inadequate quality. Over half of the population are affected by water scarcity, pointing to an urgent need for improving freshwater quantity and quality management to cope with water scarcity.

6.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(3)2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32012776

RESUMO

This paper considers the binary Gaussian distribution robust hypothesis testing under aBayesian optimal criterion in the wireless sensor network (WSN). The distribution covariance matrixunder each hypothesis is known, while the distribution mean vector under each hypothesis driftsin an ellipsoidal uncertainty set. Because of the limited bandwidth and energy, we aim at seeking asubset of p out of m sensors such that the best detection performance is achieved. In this setup, theminimax robust sensor selection problem is proposed to deal with the uncertainties of distributionmeans. Following a popular method, minimizing the maximum overall error probability with respectto the selection matrix can be approximated by maximizing the minimum Chernoff distance betweenthe distributions of the selected measurements under null hypothesis and alternative hypothesis tobe detected. Then, we utilize Danskin's theorem to compute the gradient of the objective functionof the converted maximization problem, and apply the orthogonal constraint-preserving gradientalgorithm (OCPGA) to solve the relaxed maximization problem without 0/1 constraints. It is shownthat the OCPGA can obtain a stationary point of the relaxed problem. Meanwhile, we provide thecomputational complexity of the OCPGA, which is much lower than that of the existing greedyalgorithm. Finally, numerical simulations illustrate that, after the same projection and refinementphases, the OCPGA-based method can obtain better solutions than the greedy algorithm-basedmethod but with up to 48.72% shorter runtimes. Particularly, for small-scale problems, the OCPGA-based method is able to attain the globally optimal solution.

7.
J Cataract Refract Surg ; 46(3): 365-371, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32050219

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To observe the distributions and changes in angle kappa and angle alpha preoperatively and postoperatively in patients with cataract who were implanted with a multifocal intraocular lens (mIOL). SETTING: The First Affiliated Hospital of Northwest University, Shaanxi, China. DESIGN: Prospective nonrandomized noncomparative case series. METHODS: Eyes that underwent phacoemulsification were included. The magnitudes and orientations of angle kappa and angle alpha preoperatively and postoperatively were compared, respectively. RESULTS: The study comprised 81 eyes of 70 patients. The magnitude of angle kappa significantly decreased after phacoemulsification. No significant differences were observed between preoperative and postoperative angle kappa in orientation, as well as between preoperative and postoperative angle alpha. The correlations between preoperative and postoperative angle kappa and angle alpha were significant. There were displacement vectors for angle kappa (0.15 ± 0.10) and angle alpha (0.12 ± 0.12) after phacoemulsification. Locations of angle kappa of right and left eyes were scattered mostly in the temporal side of corneal light reflection, whereas locations of angle alpha were well organized in the horizontal position on temporal sides of corneal light reflection. CONCLUSIONS: The distribution of angle alpha was more organized compared with angle kappa. Angle kappa may change after phacoemulsification. During preoperative evaluation for patients with cataract planning for mIOLs implanted angle alpha may be a more reliable and stable factor compared with angle kappa.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(3): e18828, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32011495

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nausea and vomiting are the most common complications following chemotherapy and usually lead to decreased quality of life. Acupuncture therapy is an effective method for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV), the effects and safety have been observed by many clinicians and demonstrated in a systematic review, which was included in the Cochrane Library in 2014. After several years, new studies have occurred and an updated systematic evaluation is needed. This protocol describes a method for performing a systematic review and meta-analysis to further evaluate the beneficial effects and safety of acupuncture for CINV. METHODS: A searching strategy will be carried out mainly in eight databases in English and Chinese, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, the Chinese Scientific Journal Database, the Wanfang database, China Doctoral Dissertations Full-text Database, and China Master's Theses Full-text Database. Only randomized controlled trials related to acupuncture for CINV will be included to enhance the effectiveness. The effective percentage will be used as primary outcome. Changes in the symptoms of nausea and vomiting, like severity, duration, and frequency as well as quality of life will be assessed as secondary outcome. Side effects and adverse events will be used as safety evaluations. To ensure the quality of the systematic evaluation, study selection, data extraction, and quality assessment will be independently performed by 2 authors, and the third author will deal with any disagreement. The Review Manager V.5.3.3 s will be used to perform the data synthesis and subgroup analysis. RESULTS: There are additional studies, further explanations and more subgroup analyses compared with the previous systematic analysis to determine the effects and safety of acupuncture for CINV. CONCLUSION: The result of this systematic review may offer clinicians stronger evidence to assist patient in relieving CINV. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: There is no need to acquire ethical approval for individuals come from literatures instead of recruiting directly. The findings of this review will be reported in peer-reviewed publications and/or presented at relevant conferences TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER:: CRD42016045223.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Náusea/induzido quimicamente , Náusea/prevenção & controle , Vômito/induzido quimicamente , Vômito/prevenção & controle , Humanos
9.
Gigascience ; 9(2)2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32101299

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Juglans sigillata, or iron walnut, belonging to the order Juglandales, is an economically important tree species in Asia, especially in the Yunnan province of China. However, little research has been conducted on J. sigillata at the molecular level, which hinders understanding of its evolution, speciation, and synthesis of secondary metabolites, as well as its wide adaptability to its plateau environment. To address these issues, a high-quality reference genome of J. sigillata would be useful. FINDINGS: To construct a high-quality reference genome for J. sigillata, we first generated 38.0 Gb short reads and 66.31 Gb long reads using Illumina and Nanopore sequencing platforms, respectively. The sequencing data were assembled into a 536.50-Mb genome assembly with a contig N50 length of 4.31 Mb. Additionally, we applied BioNano technology to identify contacts among contigs, which were then used to assemble contigs into scaffolds, resulting in a genome assembly with scaffold N50 length of 16.43 Mb and contig N50 length of 4.34 Mb. To obtain a chromosome-level genome assembly, we constructed 1 Hi-C library and sequenced 79.97 Gb raw reads using the Illumina HiSeq platform. We anchored ∼93% of the scaffold sequences into 16 chromosomes and evaluated the quality of our assembly using the high contact frequency heat map. Repetitive elements account for 50.06% of the genome, and 30,387 protein-coding genes were predicted from the genome, of which 99.8% have been functionally annotated. The genome-wide phylogenetic tree indicated an estimated divergence time between J. sigillata and Juglans regia of 49 million years ago on the basis of single-copy orthologous genes. CONCLUSIONS: We provide the first chromosome-level genome for J. sigillata. It will lay a valuable foundation for future research on the genetic improvement of J. sigillata.

10.
Sci Adv ; 6(1): eaau3798, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31921997

RESUMO

Increased human activity threatens inland water quality in China. Major efforts have been made to alleviate water pollution since 2001. Understanding how water quality responds to these forces can help to guide future efforts to maintain water security and sustainability. We here analyzed the nationwide variability of inland water quality across China from 2003 to 2017 and its responses to anthropogenic discharges. We show that water quality has been improved markedly or was maintained at favorable levels over the country because of reduced discharges in the industrial, rural, and urban residential sectors. However, growing discharges from the agricultural sector threaten these gains. Moreover, the present status of water pollution is relatively severe in north and northeast China. Our findings suggest that China's water quality would further benefit from more flexible strategies for mitigation measures, which respond to regional differences in the factors that influence water pollution levels in specific regions.

11.
Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk ; 20(3): 190-197, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31980418

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: T helper 17 (Th17) cells are a subset of CD4-positive T cells, which secrete interleukin 17 and specifically express the retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptors γt gene. Recently, Studies have shown that the level of Th17 cells in peripheral blood of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) patients is significantly higher than that of healthy persons. Th17 cells play an important role in the immune microenvironment of MM and interact with tumor cells, osteoclasts, and osteoblasts. Th17 cells might be a potential therapeutic target for MM patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this study, we further tracked the levels of Th17 cells in peripheral blood of 56 patients with MM from newly diagnosed to partial remission to complete remission to relapse and 11 healthy donors. RESULTS: The level of Th17 cells increased further when the disease reached partial remission, decreased to normal level when it reached complete remission, and increased again when the disease recurred. In addition, we also found that in newly diagnosed MM patients, Th17 cell levels fluctuated greatly; not all patients were upregulated, and patients with normal Th17 cell levels had the highest chance of complete remission. CONCLUSION: Th17 cells contribute to the stratification of different treatment stages of MM patients. The level of Th17 cells in patients with newly diagnosed MM is associated with the treatment outcome of complete remission.

12.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 11(1): 12, 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31900224

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteogenic differentiation of bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) is regulated by numerous signaling pathways. Dopamine (DA), a neurotransmitter, has previously been demonstrated to induce new bone formation by stimulating the receptors on BMSCs, but the essential mediators of DA-induced osteogenic signaling remain unclear. METHODS: In this work, we evaluated the influence of both dopamine D1 and D2 receptor activation on BMSC osteogenic differentiation. Gene and protein expression of osteogenic-related markers were tested. The direct binding of transcriptional factor, Runx2, to those markers was also investigated. Additionally, cellular differentiation-associated signaling pathways were evaluated. RESULTS: We showed that the expression level of the D1 receptor on BMSCs increased during osteogenic differentiation. A D1 receptor agonist, similar to DA, induced the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs, and this phenomenon was effectively inhibited by a D1 receptor antagonist or by D1 receptor knockdown. Furthermore, the suppression of protein kinase A (PKA), an important kinase downstream of the D1 receptor, successfully inhibited DA-induced BMSC osteogenic differentiation and decreased the phosphorylation of ERK1/2. Compared with P38, MAPK, and JNK, DA mainly induced the phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and led to the upregulation of Runx2 transcriptional activity, thus facilitating BMSC osteogenic differentiation. On the other hand, an ERK1/2 inhibitor could reverse these effects. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, these results suggest that ERK signaling may play an essential role in coordinating the DA-induced osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs by D1 receptor activation.

13.
ChemSusChem ; 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951674

RESUMO

Organic radical polymers are promising cathode materials for next-generation batteries because of their rapid charge transfer and high cycling stability. However, these organic polymer electrodes gradually dissolve in the electrolyte, resulting in capacity fade. Several crosslinking methods have been developed to improve the performance of these electrodes, but they are either not compatible with carbon additives or compromise the solution processability of the electrodes. A one-step post-synthetic, carbon-compatible crosslinking method was developed to effectively crosslink an organic polymer electrode and allow for easy solution processing. The highest electrode capacity of 104 mAh g-1 (vs. a theoretical capacity of 111 mAh g-1 ) is achieved by introducing 1 mol % of the crosslinker, whereas the highest capacity retention (99.6 %) is obtained with 3 mol % crosslinker. In addition, mass transfer was observed in situ by using electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring. These results may guide future electrode design toward fast-charging and high-capacity organic electrodes.

14.
Biomed Chromatogr ; 34(4): e4794, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31944362

RESUMO

Just as natural saponins transform into aglycones, secondary glycosides and their derivatives using biotransformation technology, steroidal saponins may also undergo similar transformation after stir-frying. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the variations and the reasons for these variations in the contents of steroidal saponins in Fructus Tribuli (FT) during a stir-frying treatment. Stir-fried FT was processed in different time-temperature conditions. An UHPLC-MS/MS method was established and fully validated for quantitative analysis. In addition, the simulation processing products of tribuluside A, terrestroside B, terrestrosin K, terrestrosin D and 25R-tribulosin were determined by qualitative analysis using UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS. The established UHPLC-MS/MS method provides a rapid, flexible, and reliable method for the quality assessment of FT. The present study revealed that furostanol saponins with a C22-OH group could transform into corresponding furostanol saponins with a C-20-C-22 double bond (FSDB) via dehydroxylation. Additionally, FSDB could be successively converted into its secondary glycosides via a deglycosylation reaction. The transformation of spirostanol saponins into corresponding aglycones via deglycosylation led to a decrease in spirostanol saponins and an increase in aglycones. The results of this research provided scientific evidence of variation and structural transformation among steroidal saponins. These findings might be helpful for elucidating the processing mechanism of FT.

15.
Photosynth Res ; 143(1): 45-66, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31659624

RESUMO

Photosynthesis is a major process included in land surface models. Accurately estimating the parameters of the photosynthetic sub-models can greatly improve the ability of these models to accurately simulate the carbon cycle of terrestrial ecosystems. Here, we used a hierarchical Bayesian approach to fit the Farquhar-von Caemmerer-Berry model, which is based on the biochemistry of photosynthesis using 236 curves for the relationship between net CO2 assimilation and changes in the intercellular CO2 concentration. An advantage of the hierarchical Bayesian algorithm is that parameters can be estimated at multiple levels (plant, species, plant functional type, and population level) simultaneously. The parameters of the hierarchical strategy were based on the results of a sensitivity analysis. The Michaelis-Menten constant (Kc25), enthalpies of activation (EJ and EV), and two optical parameters (θ and α) demonstrated considerable variation at different levels, which suggests that this variation cannot be ignored. The maximum electron transport rate (Jmax25), maximum rate of Rubisco activity (Vcmax25), and dark respiration in the light (Rd25) were higher for broad-leaved plants than for needle-leaved plants. Comparison of the model's simulated outputs with observed data showed strong and significant positive correlations, particularly when the model was parameterized at the plant level. In summary, our study is the first effort to combine sensitivity analysis and hierarchical Bayesian parameter estimation. The resulting realistic parameter distributions for the four levels provide a reference for current and future land surface models. Furthermore, the observed variation in the parameters will require attention when using photosynthetic parameters in future models.

16.
J Adolesc ; 78: 1-8, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790833

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Early adolescence is a developmental period in which peer victimization, bullying, relational aggression, and social exclusion are particularly prominent. As these behaviors have long-term implications for children, in this study, we investigated early variations of prosocial behaviors as one of the critical precedents that shape youth's subsequent peer relational outcomes. Specifically, we identified different profiles of prosocial behaviors in middle childhood (Grade 4) and related these profiles to peer relationships in early adolescence (Grade 6). METHOD: Using longitudinal data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (N = 914; 52% girls), a three-step latent profile analysis was conducted on Grade 4 prosocial behaviors, which were then related to Grade 6 teacher- and student-rated peer relationships (e.g., relational aggression). RESULTS: Four patterns of prosocial behaviors emerged: low prosocial (18%), high prosocial (67%), primarily friendly (8%), and primarily kind (7%). These four patterns of prosocial behaviors were differentially related to later problematic peer relationships: Low prosocial youth demonstrated the most problematic peer relationships (Mdiff = 0.36-0.93, all p < .001). Primarily friendly (but not kind) youth displayed more general and relational aggression (Mdiff = 0.22, SE = 0.07, p = .002; and Mdiff = 0.18, SE = 0.06, p = .006, respectively). CONCLUSION: Both low prosocial and primarily friendly youth are at risk for displaying peer-related problems; interventions that build prosocial behaviors in youth with a low prosocial or primarily friendly profile may help prevent problematic peer relationships at early adolescence.

17.
Singapore Med J ; 61(1): 24-27, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31388686

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Vertical transmission of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) is higher in infants born to pregnant women with a higher HBV DNA viral load even if the infants complete both active and passive vaccination. Although antiviral treatment is recommended for pregnant women during the antenatal period to reduce the rate of vertical transmission, most of them decline treatment. METHODS: A decision tree was made to evaluate the costs and benefits involved when pregnant women either agreed or declined to take antiviral treatment during the antenatal period. The cost-effectiveness price was arrived at by multiplying the reduced vertical transmission rate with expenses of future medical care associated with vertical transmission. RESULTS: From an individual mother's perspective, it was not cost-effective to receive antenatal antiviral treatment given the observed medication price and transmission rate in Singapore. However, the health system asserts that the current price of antiviral treatment is already far below the cost-effectiveness level, even without the Ministry of Health subsidies. Additionally, the awareness and perception of pregnant women also impacted treatment decisions. CONCLUSION: By analysing the decision-making process, our result explained the current low uptake rates of antenatal antiviral treatment for HBV among pregnant women. We also concluded that from the health system's perspective, it was worth providing subsidies for perinatal antiviral treatment to prevent huge expenses generated in the future by chronic HBV complications.

18.
Biomark Med ; 14(1): 53-63, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31729251

RESUMO

Aim: This study profiled differentially expressed long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in lung squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) to predict LSCC overall survival (OS) using The Cancer Genome Atlas data. Materials & methods: The RNA-seq and clinical dataset of 475 LSCC patients was retrieved from The Cancer Genome Atlas database and statistically analyzed. Results: There were 67 upregulated and 32 downregulated lncRNAs in LSCCs and 12 lncRNAs associated with OS. The seven-lncRNA signature was associated with poor OS and RP11-150O12.6 and CTA-384D8.35 were associated with better OS (p < 0.001). The seven lncRNAs-mRNA interaction network analysis showed their association with 187 protein-coding genes for cancer development, cell migration, adhesion, proliferation, apoptosis, angiogenesis and the MAPK signaling pathways. Conclusion: This seven-lncRNA signature is useful to predict LSCC OS.

19.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 190: 110093, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31869712

RESUMO

The recent widespread increase in antibiotic resistance has become a real threat to both human and environmental ecosystem health. In oil reservoirs, an extreme environment potentially influenced by human activity such as water flooding, the distribution and abundance of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) remains poorly understood. Herein, we investigated the distribution of ARGs at different positions in a water-flooding oilfield in China, and found that ARGs were observed in all parts of the investigated system. The surface regions of the water re-injection system were more vulnerable to ARG pollution, and the final ARG concentration was up to 2.2 × 108 gene copies/L, and sulfonamide were the most abundant. However, ARG concentration decreased sharply in the samples from underground part of the re-injection system. The bacterial community composition was also varied with sampling position. The sample from production well, which was enriched in crude oil, contained more bacteria but the community richness was simpler. This study also indicated the wastewater-recycling process above ground, which proposed to reduce the discharge into environment directly, may pose a risk for ARGs spread.

20.
Mov Disord ; 35(3): 478-485, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31846123

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder is an early sign of neurodegenerative disease. This study aimed to quantitatively evaluate iron content in idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder patients using quantitative susceptibility mapping and to examine the potential of this technique to identify the prodromal stage of α-synucleinopathies. METHODS: Twenty-five idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder patients, 32 Parkinson's disease patients, and 50 healthy controls underwent quantitative susceptibility mapping. The mean magnetic susceptibility values within the bilateral substantia nigra, globus pallidus, red nucleus, head of the caudate nucleus, and putamen were calculated and compared among groups. The relationships between the values and the clinical features of idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder and Parkinson's disease were measured using correlation analysis. RESULTS: Idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder patients had elevated iron in the bilateral substantia nigra compared with healthy controls. Parkinson's disease patients had increased iron in the bilateral substantia nigra, globus pallidus, and left red nucleus compared with healthy controls and had elevated iron levels in the bilateral substantia nigra compared with idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder patients. Mean magnetic susceptibility values were positively correlated with disease duration in the left substantia nigra in idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder patients. CONCLUSIONS: Quantitative susceptibility mapping can detect increased iron in the substantia nigra in idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder, which becomes more significant as the disorder progresses. This technique has the potential to be an early objective neuroimaging marker for detecting α-synucleinopathies. © 2019 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.

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