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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(47): e23301, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33217863

RESUMO

The clinical epidemiological characteristics of chronic urticaria (CU) in different populations were not completely consistent, and the epidemiological characteristics of CU were very complex. At present, there were some patient-based studies on CU, but few natural population-based studied in the world.This study aimed to analysis the prevalence of self-reported CU among adults in grasslands of northern China and its closely related factors.A multistage and proportionately stratified random sampling with a field interviewer-administered survey study was performed together with skin prick tests (SPT) and measurements of the daily pollen count.A total of 3406 subjects completed the study. The prevalence of self-reported CU was 5.61% (n = 191), which was higher in women than that of men (6.91% vs 4.08%, X = 12.785, P < .001). Seasonal or seasonal aggravation CU accounted for 110 (57.59%) patients. Pollen dispersal season was basically consistent with the peak season of CU, but there was no significant difference in the positive rate of pollen SPT between CU with seasonal or seasonal aggravation symptom and CU with free of symptom (X = 0.425, P = .51), as well as between CU with seasonal or seasonal aggravation symptom and perennial CU (X = 0.439, P = .51). Eczema (odds ratio [OR] = 2.807, P < .001), chronic diarrhea (OR = 2.486, P < .01), food allergy history (OR = 1.890, P < .01), history of family allergy (OR = 1.800, P < .001), and conjunctivitis (OR = 1.749, P < .01) were closely related to CU.This investigation provided the factors closely related to CU, and provided certain ideas for further research on the etiology and prevention of CU.

2.
Photosynth Res ; 2020 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33164144

RESUMO

Chloroplast gene expression is controlled by both plastid-encoded RNA polymerase (PEP) and nuclear-encoded RNA polymerase and is crucial for chloroplast development and photosynthesis. Environmental factors such as light and temperature can influence transcription in chloroplasts. In this study, we showed that mutation in DUA1, which encodes a pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) protein in rice (Oryza sativa), led to deficiency in chloroplast development and chlorophyll biosynthesis, impaired photosystems, and reduced expression of PEP-dependent transcripts at low temperature especially under low-light conditions. Furthermore, we demonstrated that sigma factor OsSIG1 interacted with DUA1 in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, the levels of chlorophyll and PEP-dependent gene expression were significantly decreased in the Ossig1 mutants at low-temperature and low-light conditions. Our study reveals that the PPR protein DUA1 plays an important role in regulating PEP-mediated chloroplast gene expression through interacting with OsSIG1, thus modulates chloroplast development in response to environmental signals.

3.
Genet Sel Evol ; 52(1): 59, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036552

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genetic analysis of gene expression level is a promising approach for characterizing candidate genes that are involved in complex economic traits such as meat quality. In the present study, we conducted expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) and allele-specific expression (ASE) analyses based on RNA-sequencing (RNAseq) data from the longissimus muscle of 189 Duroc × Luchuan crossed pigs in order to identify some candidate genes for meat quality traits. RESULTS: Using a genome-wide association study based on a mixed linear model, we identified 7192 cis-eQTL corresponding to 2098 cis-genes (p ≤ 1.33e-3, FDR ≤ 0.05) and 6400 trans-eQTL corresponding to 863 trans-genes (p ≤ 1.13e-6, FDR ≤ 0.05). ASE analysis using RNAseq SNPs identified 9815 significant ASE-SNPs in 2253 unique genes. Integrative analysis between the cis-eQTL and ASE target genes identified 540 common genes, including 33 genes with expression levels that were correlated with at least one meat quality trait. Among these 540 common genes, 63 have been reported previously as candidate genes for meat quality traits, such as PHKG1 (q-value = 1.67e-6 for the leading SNP in the cis-eQTL analysis), NUDT7 (q-value = 5.67e-13), FADS2 (q-value = 8.44e-5), and DGAT2 (q-value = 1.24e-3). CONCLUSIONS: The present study confirmed several previously published candidate genes and identified some novel candidate genes for meat quality traits via eQTL and ASE analyses, which will be useful to prioritize candidate genes in further studies.

4.
Foods ; 9(10)2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33096786

RESUMO

: The effects of ultrasound (US), thermosonication (TS), ultrasound combined with nisin (USN), TS combined with nisin (TSN), and conventional thermal sterilization (CTS) treatments on the inactivation of microorganisms in grape juice were evaluated. TS, TSN, and CTS treatments provided the desirable bactericidal and enzyme inactivation, and nisin had a synergistic lethal effect on aerobic bacteria in grape juice while not having any obvious effect on the mold and yeast. Compared with CTS, the sensory characteristics of grape juice treated with TS and TSN are closer to that of fresh juice, its microbial safety is ensured, and the physicochemical properties are basically unchanged. More importantly, the total phenolic content and antioxidant capacity of juice treated with TS and TSN were significantly increased, and the total anthocyanin and flavonoid contents were largely retained. Taken together, these findings suggest that TS and TSN has great potential application value and that it can ensure microbial safety and improve the quality of grape juice.

5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(44): e22992, 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33126377

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is one of the most common types of chronic neuropathic pain, which seriously affects quality of the life because of pain severity and poor response to the currently available treatments. Ju Re Ba Du therapy as a form of acupuncture therapy which is proved to be effective in RCTs and very suitable for patients, has been used in Postherpetic neuralgia in patients for a long time, therefore a systematic review is necessary to provide available evidence for further study. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The following databases will be searched from their inception to October 2020: Electronic database includes PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Nature, Science online, VIP medicine information, and CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure). PRIMARY OUTCOME: pain intensity assessed on a visual analogue scale (VAS); Additional outcomes:Data will be extracted by two researchers independently, risk of bias of the meta-analysis will be evaluated based on the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. All data analysis will be conducted by data statistics software Review Manager V.5.3. and Stata V.12.0. RESULTS: The results of this study will systematically evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Ju Re Ba Du therapy intervention for people with Postherpetic neuralgia. CONCLUSION: The systematic review of this study will summarize the current published evidence of Ju Re Ba Du therapy for the treatment of Postherpetic neuralgia, which can further guide the promotion and application of it. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study is a systematic review, the outcomes are based on the published evidence, so examination and agreement by the ethics committee are not required in this study. We intend to publish the study results in a journal or conference presentations. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: September 29, 2020 osf.io/r6y9b. (https://osf.io/r6y9b).


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Neuralgia Pós-Herpética/terapia , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa
6.
Eur J Radiol ; 131: 109255, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32920218

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical application of the accelerated 3D T1-weighted turbo field echo (T1W-TFE) using the compressed sensing-sensitivity encoding (CS-SENSE) and identify the appropriate acceleration factor. METHODS: 33 healthy controls (HC), 10 multiple sclerosis (MS) and 10 Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients were prospectively recruited. A conventional 3D T1W-TFE sequence and accelerated sequences with CS-SENSE factors of 3, 4.5, 6 and with SENSE factors of 3, 4.5 were acquired for all participants on a 3.0T MR system. The visual evaluation was independently assessed by two experienced radiologists. Quantitative image quality metrics and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) between the conventional and the accelerated sequences were performed at the voxel level. Group comparisons were performed between HC and AD or MS patients. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the visual image quality metrics between conventional sequence and CS-SENSE factor of 3. The sequences with CS-SENSE factor of 6 and SENSE factors of 3, 4.5 showed significantly decreased overall image quality. The ICC values based on the voxel level of each accelerated scan and conventional scan were high (>0.9, 85.2%). For different accelerated sequences, AD and MS patients showed consistent results with the conventional sequence in gray matter atrophy when compared to HC. CONCLUSIONS: CS-SENSE factor of 3 is the appropriate parameter to accelerate the 3D T1W-TFE (65% time reduction) with preserved visual image quality. The voxel-based analysis demonstrated high ICCs for brain volume measurements in the majority of brain regions, implying the feasibility of the accelerated technique.

7.
Tuberculosis (Edinb) ; 124: 101966, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866942

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: QFT-Plus's newly added antigen elicited a specific CD8 T-cell response, which is closely related to active TB (ATB), and the IGRA based on Heparin-binding haemagglutinin (HBHA-IGRA) is a promising tool in latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) diagnosis. The objective of our study is to evaluate whether the combination of QFT-Plus and HBHA-IGRA can improve the diagnosis accuracy of ATB and LTBI. METHODS: 135 healthcare workers (HCWs) and 57 patients with active pulmonary TB in a Chinese TB Hospital were recruited, HCWs underwent screening for LTBI using the QFT-Plus assay. Flow cytometry was used to analyze the distribution of peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets in active TB patients with positive culture result. Then, the patients with ATB, individuals with LTBI and healthy TB-uninfected controls (HC) were tested by QFT-Plus and HBHA-IGRA respectively, and the efficiency of distinguishing LTBI from ATB by QFT-Plus and HBHA-IGRA were evaluated by Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves. RESULTS: QFT-Plus TB2-TB1 which was positively correlated with CD8 T-cell response (r = 0.731, P < 0.001) in peripheral blood was significantly higher in ATB than LTBI and HC (median 0.47 IU/mL versus 0.02 IU/mL and 0.00 IU/mL, respectively; both P < 0.0001). While the HBHA-induced IFN-γ response did not differ between ATB and HC (median 12.12 pg/mL versus 10.95 pg/mL; P = 0.463), but was significantly higher in the LTBI (median 69.67 pg/mL; both P < 0.0001). The ROC area under the curve (AUC) for identifying ATB and LTBI was 0.769 (95% CI: 0.652-0.886; P = 0.0001) for QFT-Plus TB2-TB1, and 0.886 (95% CI:0.791-0.982; P<0.0001) for HBHA-IGRA. After combining the HBHA-IGRA with QFT-Plus results, the accuracy of identifying ATB and LTBI was improved to 85.7% from 74.3%. CONCLUSIONS: HBHA-based IGRA better differentiates between LTBI and ATB compared to QFT-Plus CD8 T-cell response. In addition, combining HBHA-IGRA and QFT-Plus improves the accuracy of identifying tuberculosis disease status.

8.
J Biomed Nanotechnol ; 16(4): 548-552, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970986

RESUMO

As an emerging two-dimensional layered material, black phosphorus nanosheets show unparalleled optical and electronic properties. Although black phosphorus nanosheets have attracted much attention in the photoelectric field, their applications in biomedical field were still limited due to their poor biocompatibility of current synthesis strategies. Herein, we propose a novel synthetic strategy for black phosphorus nanosheets that rely on Tween 20-assisted liquid exfoliation and post-processing in deoxygenated water. Microscopic and spectroscopic analysis suggested that the produced black phosphorus nanosheets dispersions exhibited good stability and higher yield compared with other currently prepared methods. Because of their ultrahigh exfoliation efficiency, the black phosphorus flakes present few-layer and even monolayer, which are thinner than the most dispersions of black phosphorus. Thus, this method enables mass-production of high-quality few-layer black phosphorus with high biocompatibility, and has the potential to be directly used in the biological field.


Assuntos
Fósforo , Nanoestruturas , Água
9.
Mol Med Rep ; 22(4): 2860-2868, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32945408

RESUMO

Hydrogen exhibits therapeutic and preventive effects against various diseases. The present study investigated the potential protective effect and dose­dependent manner of hydrogen inhalation on high fat and fructose diet (HFFD)­induced nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in Sprague­Dawley rats. Rats were randomly divided into four groups: i) Control group, regular diet/air inhalation; ii) model group, HFFD/air inhalation; iii) low hydrogen group, HFFD/4% hydrogen inhalation; and iv) high hydrogen group, HFFD/67% hydrogen inhalation. After a 10­week experiment, hydrogen inhalation ameliorated weight gain, abdominal fat index, liver index and body mass index of rats fed with HFFD and lowered the total area under the curve in an oral glucose tolerance test. Hydrogen inhalation also ameliorated the increase in liver lipid content and alanine transaminase and aspartate transaminase activities. Liver histopathologic changes evaluated with hematoxylin and eosin as well as Oil Red O staining revealed lower lipid deposition in hydrogen inhalation groups, consistent with the decrease in the expression of the lipid synthesis gene SREBP­1c. The majority of the indicators were affected following treatment with hydrogen in a dose­dependent manner. In conclusion, hydrogen inhalation may play a protective role by influencing the general state, lipid metabolism parameters, liver histology and liver function indicators in the rat model of metabolic syndrome with NAFLD.

10.
Front Oncol ; 10: 1092, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32766141

RESUMO

Background: Significant developments have been made in breast cancer diagnosis and treatment, yet the prognosis remains unsatisfactory. Accumulating evidence indicates that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play pivotal roles in the development and progression of human tumors. However, the regulatory mechanisms and clinical significance of most lncRNAs in breast cancer remain poorly understood. Methods: The lncRNA, miRNA, and mRNA expression profiles were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) databases. A lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA regulatory network was constructed and visualized using Cytoscape. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed using the STRING database and hub genes were extracted using the cytoHubba plugin. Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Gene and Genomes analyses identified the functions and signaling pathways associated with these differentially expressed mRNAs (DEmRNAs). Expression of the key lncRNA and the relationship with prognosis of patients with breast cancer were evaluated. Results: Six differentially expressed lncRNAs (DElncRNAs), 29 differentially expressed miRNAs (DEmiRNAs), and 253 DEmRNAs were selected to construct the regulatory network. A PPI network was established and seven hub genes were identified. A lncRNA-miRNA-hub gene regulatory sub-network was established containing two DElncRNAs, five DEmiRNAs, and seven DEmRNAs. Hub genes were associated with breast cancer onset and progression. The upregulated DGUOK-AS1 was identified as the key lncRNA in breast cancer based on the competing endogenous RNA network. High DGUOK-AS1 expression was associated with adverse prognosis in patients with breast cancer and a prognostic nomogram built on Grade, LN status, and DGUOK-AS1 expression shows significant prognostic value. Conclusions: Our results reveal the significant roles of lncRNA/miRNA/mRNA regulatory networks in breast cancer and identified a novel prognosis predictor and promising therapeutic target for patients with breast cancer.

11.
Int J Mol Med ; 46(2): 806-816, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32626955

RESUMO

Cisplatin (CDDP) is widely used in clinical settings for the treatment of various cancers. However, ototoxicity is a major side effect of CDDP, and there is an associated risk of irreversible hearing loss. We previously demonstrated that CDDP could induce ototoxicity via activation of the transient receptor potential vanilloid receptor 1 (TRPV1) pathway and subsequent induction of oxidative stress. The present study investigated whether ursolic acid (UA) treatment could protect against CDDP­induced ototoxicity. UA is a triterpenoid with strong antioxidant activity widely used in China for the treatment of liver diseases. This traditional Chinese medicine is mainly isolated from bearberry, a Chinese herb. The present results showed that CDDP increased auditory brainstem response threshold shifts in frequencies associated with observed damage to the outer hair cells. Moreover, CDDP increased the expression of TRPV1, calpain 2 and caspase­3 in the cochlea, and the levels of Ca2+ and 4­hydroxynonenal. UA co­treatment significantly attenuated CDDP­induced hearing loss and inhibited TRPV1 pathway activation. In addition, UA enhanced CDDP­induced growth inhibition in the human ovarian cancer cell line SKOV3, suggesting that UA synergizes with CDDP in vitro. Collectively, the present data suggested that UA could effectively attenuate CDDP­induced hearing loss by inhibiting the TRPV1/Ca²+/calpain­oxidative stress pathway without impairing the antitumor effects of CDDP.

12.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-27, 2020 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32551848

RESUMO

Proanthocyanidins (PAs) are important secondary metabolites crucial for the quality of grape berry and wine. Despite important advances in our understanding of the structural and regulatory genes involved in the PAs biosynthesis pathway, our knowledge about the details of biosynthetic and regulatory networks, especially the mechanism of polymerization and transportation remains limited. We provided an overview of the latest discoveries related to the mechanisms of grape PAs structure, astringency properties, detection methods, biosynthesis and transportation. We also summarized the environmental influencing factors of PAs synthesis in grape. Future trends were discussed.

13.
Acad Radiol ; 2020 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32507613

RESUMO

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate a CT-based radiomics model for preoperative prediction of lymph node metastasis (LNM) in early stage gastric cancer (EGC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four hundred and sixty-three consecutive EGC patients were enrolled in this retrospective study. Radiomics features were extracted from portal venous phase CT scans. A radiomics signature was built based on highly reproducible features using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator method. The predictive performance of radiomics signature was tested in the training and testing cohorts. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to build a radiomics-based model combined radiomics signature and lymph node status according to CT. Performance of the model was determined by its discrimination, calibration, and clinical usefulness. RESULTS: The radiomics signature comprised six robust features showed significant association with LNM in both cohorts. A radiomics model that incorporated radiomics signature and CT-reported lymph node status showed good calibration and discrimination in the training cohort (AUC = 0.91) and testing cohort (AUC = 0.89). Decision curve analysis confirmed the clinical utility of this model. CONCLUSION: The CT-based radiomics model showed favorable accuracy for prediction of LNM in EGC and may help to improve clinical decision-making.

14.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(27): 30474-30482, 2020 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32588621

RESUMO

Extracting gold from wastes of electronic equipment (e-waste) is a sustainable strategy for the recovery of the precious metal, reducing environmental pollution, and addressing the growing demands for gold resources. In this work, we synthesized a thiourea-modified porous aromatic framework (PAF-1-thiourea) with exceptional gold-extraction ability. The optimum adsorption capacity for PAF-1-thiourea to gold reaches up to 2629.87 mg g-1. The adsorption process can be well fitted according to the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and Langmuir model, featuring strong affinity caused by strong soft-soft interactions between Au(III) and the S and N donor atoms of the modified PAF and the electrostatic interactions between protonated amino groups and AuCl4-. PAF-1-thiourea was especially capable of extracting gold rapidly and efficiently (capturing 98.73% of gold within 5 min) from a central processing unit (CPU) in extremely acidic conditions. It is found that PAF-1-thiourea captures gold ions and simultaneously converts it to a Au(0) solid, obtaining gold with purity up to 23.5 karat. PAF-1-thiourea with its high acid resistance and anti-interference against cheap metals in the recovery process presents a practical means to extract gold from e-waste.

15.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 259: 112929, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416245

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Scutellaria barbata and Hedyotis diffusa (SH) herb pair is extensively used in Traditional Chinese Medicine for efficacy enhancement in cancer treatment in China and Asian countries. Superior clinical efficacy observations based on high dosages (≥60 g) motivated us to explore appropriate dosages and the underlying mechanisms of action. AIM OF THE STUDY: To explore the efficacy and potential mechanisms of actions of SH through in vitro and in vivo experiments and network pharmacology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SH lyophilized powder (SHLP) was prepared from decoctions and the active ingredients were identified using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Proliferation and migration experiments in vitro and tumor growth in vivo were performed to evaluate the effects of SHLP on breast cancer. Corresponding potential target genes for SHLP components and breast cancer were extracted from established databases and the Protein-Protein Internetwork of shared genes were constructed using STRING database. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) functional annotation clusters were acquired and the top 30 pathways were presented. At last, as one of pathways indicated by enriched results, apoptosis was validated with flow cytometric analysis and caspase-3, 8, 9 activities. RESULTS: Seventy-five ingredients were identified from SHLP by HPLC. High SHLP doses inhibited proliferation and migration of three types of breast cancer cells in vitro and tumor growth in nude mice. After target genes extraction and intersection, the top 30 KEGG clusters were enriched, including PI3K-Akt, cell cycle and other related pathways like VEGF, Micro-RNAs and NF-κB, besides, key genes in apoptosis were mapped. In the last, apoptosis was validated by flow cytometric analysis and caspase-3, 8, 9 activities after SHLP treatment. CONCLUSION: High SHLP dosages inhibited breast cancer in vitro and in vivo, enriched by network pharmacology and confirmed by flow cytometric analysis and caspase activation, with apoptosis was identified as one of the mechanisms of action of SHLP. SHLP administration with higher doses is recommended for clinical usage.

16.
Eur J Radiol ; 129: 109069, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32464581

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To develop and validate a radiomics-based model for preoperative prediction of lymph node metastasis (LNM) in gastric cancer (GC). METHOD: A total of 768 GC patients were enrolled in this retrospective study. Radiomics features were extracted from portal venous phase computed tomography (CT) scans. A radiomics signature was built with highly reproducible features using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) method in the training cohort (n = 486). The signature was further validated in internal validation (n = 240) and external testing cohorts (n = 42). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to build a model that combined radiomics signature, serum biomarkers, and lymph node status according to CT. Performance of the model was determined by its discrimination, calibration, and clinical usefulness. The predictive value of the model was also evaluated in early stage GC (EGC) subgroup. RESULTS: The radiomics signature comprised 7 robust features showed favorable prediction efficacy in all cohorts. A radiomics-based model that incorporated radiomics signature, serum CA72-4, and CT-reported lymph node status had good calibration and discrimination in training cohort [AUC, 0.92; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.89-0.95] and validation cohort (AUC 0.86; 95% CI, 0.81-0.91). The model also showed a favorable predictive performance for EGC patients with an AUC of 0.85 (95% CI, 0.76-0.94). Decision curve analysis confirmed the clinical utility of this model. CONCLUSIONS: The radiomics-based model showed favorable accuracy for prediction of LNM in GC. The model may also serve as a noninvasive tool for preoperative evaluation of LNM in EGC.

17.
Mol Cancer ; 19(1): 85, 2020 05 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32384893

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play crucial roles in tumor progression and are aberrantly expressed in various cancers. However, the functional roles of lncRNAs in breast cancer remain largely unknown. METHODS: Based on public databases and integrating bioinformatics analyses, the overexpression of lncRNA BCRT1 in breast cancer tissues was detected and further validated in a cohort of breast cancer tissues. The effects of lncRNA BCRT1 on proliferation, migration, invasion and macrophage polarization were determined by in vitro and in vivo experiments. Luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) were carried out to reveal the interaction between lncRNA BCRT1, miR-1303, and PTBP3. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and RT-PCR were used to evaluate the regulatory effect of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) on lncRNA BCRT1. RESULTS: LncRNA BCRT1 was significantly upregulated in breast cancer tissues, which was correlated with poor prognosis in breast cancer patients. LncRNA BCRT1 knockdown remarkably suppressed tumor growth and metastasis in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, lncRNA BCRT1 could competitively bind with miR-1303 to prevent the degradation of its target gene PTBP3, which acts as a tumor-promoter in breast cancer. LncRNA BCRT1 overexpression could promote M2 polarization of macrophages, mediated by exosomes, which further accelerated breast cancer progression. Furthermore, lncRNA BCRT1 was upregulated in response to hypoxia, which was attributed to the binding of HIF-1α to HREs in the lncRNA BCRT1 promoter. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, these results reveal a novel HIF-1α/lncRNA BCRT1/miR-1303/PTBP3 pathway for breast cancer progression and suggest that lncRNA BCRT1 might be a potential biomarker and therapeutic target for breast cancer.

18.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 31: 101837, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32473400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VAIN) has a high-risk for recurrence and may precede genital cancers, such as vaginal cancer and/or other invasive diseases. Human papillomavirus (HPV)-induced VAIN may occur after loop electrosurgical excision procedures (LEEPs) or panhysterectomy. 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) photodynamic therapy (ALA-PDT) has demonstrated utility in preventing the recurrence of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN); however, evaluation of its effect on VAIN has not been performed. METHODS: The effectiveness of ALA-PDT was evaluated in 6 women diagnosed with HPV-induced VAIN. Lesion treatment was performed 3 h after ALA using light at a wavelength of 635 nm and light density of 80 mw/cm2. Therapeutic effect was assessed using HPV-DNA tests combined with liquid-based cervical cytology (LCT). RESULTS: Six women, aged 49-54 years, who were diagnosed VAIN grade 1/2 or 2 after LEEP or panhysterectomy or no surgery underwent ALA-PDT (range, 4-8 treatments). Four of the 6 women were HPV negative on retesting 3-4 months after ALA-PDT. Most patients exhibited no signs of recurrence during the follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: Direct use of ALA-PDT or after panhysterectomy did not necessarily lead to a negative result; however, ALA-PDT after LEEP or panhysterectomy combined with LEEP yielded a satisfactory curative effect on VAIN. Although recurrence rates need to be monitored in longer-term studies, the absence of post-treatment complications in this study supports the potential utility of the technique.

19.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(17): 4799-4811, 2020 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32248679

RESUMO

Melatonin has recently been detected in fermented beverages and foods, in which microorganism metabolism is highly important. The existing literature knowledge discusses the direction for future studies in this review. Evidence shows that many species of microorganisms could synthesize melatonin. However, the actual concentrations of melatonin in fermented foods and beverages range from picograms per milliliter to nanograms per milliliter. Different types of microorganisms, different raw materials, different culture environments, the presence or absence of precursors, high or low alcohol content, and different detection methods are all possible reasons for the huge difference of melatonin levels. Thus far, there have been relatively few studies on the melatonin synthesis pathway microorganisms. Thus, referring to the synthetic pathway of plants and animals, the putative melatonin biosynthesis pathway of microorganisms is presented. It will be significant to discuss whether all species of microorganisms have the capacity to synthesize melatonin and what the biological functions of melatonin are in microorganisms. Melatonin plays a lot of important roles in microorganisms, particularly in enhancing the tolerance of environment stress. Also, the loss of melatonin concentration in commercially available fermented foods and beverages is a ubiquitous trend, and how to solve this problem is a new field to be further explored.

20.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 20: 518-533, 2020 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32330870

RESUMO

Circular RNA (circRNA), as a kind of novel identified non-coding RNA, has become the focus of attention for its vital physiological and pathological roles. However, the function and mechanism of circRNAs in the regulation of cancer progression are largely unknown. In the present study we found a circRNA termed circHMCU whose expression was associated with poor prognosis. It was upregulated in cell lines with high metastatic potential compared with its parental cell line and in breast cancer tissues compared with normal tissues. In vitro results proved that circHMCU could significantly promote proliferation, migration, and invasion abilities of breast cancer cells via affecting the G1 phase cell cycle checkpoint and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) pathway. Further in vivo studies showed that overexpression of circHMCU contributed to rapid proliferation and lung metastasis of breast cancer. For determination of the mechanisms, bioinformatics analysis revealed two complementary sequences within circHMCU for let-7 microRNAs, which was validated by a luciferase reporter assay. Finally, let-7 microRNAs could rescue the functions of circHMCU in breast cancer via suppressing the expression of MCY, HMGA2, and CCND1. Taken together, our findings demonstrated that circHMCU exerted oncogenic functions in breast cancer and could be a used as a novel biomarker in the diagnosis and prognosis of breast cancer.

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