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1.
J Sci Food Agric ; 102(1): 383-395, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34143902

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The influence of foliar nitrogen fertilizer during veraison (FNFV) on anthocyanin accumulation and chromatic characteristics of 'Cabernet Sauvignon' grapes over two seasons was investigated. RESULTS: Urea and phenylalanine fertilizers (TU and TP, respectively) and a control were sprayed three times at veraison. In 2018, TU displayed a significant enhancement in total individual anthocyanin content and a* and Cab * profiles. In 2019, FNAV significantly improved the content of total non-acylated, acylated anthocyanin and total individual anthocyanin, and the profiles of L*, a* and Cab *, except a* in TU. The whole process from phenylalanine variation to anthocyanin accumulation in grape skins was analyzed. On the whole, after the first FNFV to harvest, the increase in phenylalanine metabolism, abscisic acid content, effects of PAL (Phenylalanine ammonia lyase), UFGT (UDP glucose-flavonoid 3-O-glucosyltransferase) and transcript concentrations of VvPAL and VvUFGT involved in anthocyanin biosynthesis were also strong evidence explaining the increased anthocyanin and chromatic profiles in 2019. CONCLUSION: Overall, FNFV for nitrogen-deficient grapevines could significantly improve grape color, especially in the 2019 veraison with a proper climate. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Antocianinas/análise , Fertilizantes/análise , Frutas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Vitis/metabolismo , Antocianinas/metabolismo , Frutas/química , Frutas/metabolismo , Nitrogênio/análise , Fenilalanina Amônia-Liase/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Vitis/química , Vitis/crescimento & desenvolvimento
3.
BMC Genomics ; 22(1): 805, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749647

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intramuscular fat (IMF) content is a determining factor for meat taste. The Luchuan pig is a fat-type local breed in southern China that is famous for its desirable meat quality due to high IMF, however, the crossbred offspring of Luchuan sows and Duroc boars displayed within-population variation on meat quality, and the reason remains unknown. RESULTS: In the present study, we identified 212 IMF-correlated genes (FDR ≤ 0.01) using correlation analysis between gene expression level and the value of IMF content. The IMF-correlated genes were significantly enriched in the processes of lipid metabolism and mitochondrial energy metabolism, as well as the AMPK/PPAR signaling pathway. From the IMF-correlated genes, we identified 99 genes associated with expression quantitative trait locus (eQTL) or allele-specific expression (ASE) signals, including 21 genes identified by both cis-eQTL and ASE analyses and 12 genes identified by trans-eQTL analysis. Genome-wide association study (GWAS) of IMF identified a significant QTL on SSC14 (p-value = 2.51E-7), and the nearest IMF-correlated gene SFXN4 (r = 0.28, FDR = 4.00E-4) was proposed as the candidate gene. Furthermore, we highlighted another three novel IMF candidate genes, namely AGT, EMG1, and PCTP, by integrated analysis of GWAS, eQTL, and IMF-gene correlation analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The AMPK/PPAR signaling pathway together with the processes of lipid and mitochondrial energy metabolism plays a vital role in regulating porcine IMF content. Trait correlated expression combined with eQTL and ASE analysis highlighted a priority list of genes, which compensated for the shortcoming of GWAS, thereby accelerating the mining of causal genes of IMF.


Assuntos
Carne , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Suínos , Tecido Adiposo , Alelos , Animais , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética/veterinária , Masculino , Carne/análise , Fenótipo , Suínos/genética
4.
Gels ; 7(4)2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34842701

RESUMO

Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-based synthetic hydrogels based on Michael-type addition reaction have been widely used for cell culture and tissue engineering. However, recent studies showed that these types of hydrogels were not homogenous as expected since micro domains generated due to the fast reaction kinetics. Here, we demonstrated a new kind of method to prepare homogenous poly(ethylene glycol) hydrogels based on Michael-type addition using the side chain amine-contained short peptides. By introducing such a kind of short peptides, the homogeneity of crosslinking and mechanical property of the hydrogels has been also significantly enhanced. The compressive mechanical and recovery properties of the homogeneous hydrogels prepared in the presence of side chain amine-contained short peptides were more reliable than those of inhomogeneous hydrogels while the excellent biocompatibility remained unchanged. Furthermore, the reaction rate and gelation kinetics of maleimide- and thiol-terminated PEG were proved to be significantly slowed down in the presence of the side chain amine-contained short peptides, thus leading to the improved homogeneity of the hydrogels. We anticipate that this new method can be widely applied to hydrogel preparation and modification based on Michael-type addition gelation.

5.
J Healthc Eng ; 2021: 2929843, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34659682

RESUMO

Background: Epidural anesthesia used in percutaneous endoscopic lumber discectomy (PELD) has the risk of complete neurotactile block. Patients cannot timely respond to the operator when the nerve is touched by mistake, so the potential risk of nerve injury cannot be avoided. According to pharmacodynamics, with the decrease of local anesthetic concentration, the nerve tactile gradually recovered; however, the analgesic effect also gradually weakened. Therefore, it is necessary to explore an appropriate concentration of local anesthetics that can keep the patients' nerve touch without pain. By comparing the advantages and disadvantages of 0.4% ropivacaine epidural anesthesia, local anesthesia and intravenous anesthesia on intraoperative circulation fluctuation, the incidence of salvage analgesia and the incidence of nerve non-touch, the feasibility of using low concentration epidural anesthesia in PELD to obtain enough analgesia and avoid the risk of nerve injury was confirmed. Methods: 153 cases of intervertebral foramen surgery from October 2017 to January 2020 were selected and divided into local anesthesia group (LA group), 0.4% ropivacaine epidural anesthesia group (EA group), and intravenous anesthesia group (IVA group) according to different anesthesia methods. The changes of blood pressure and heart rate, the incidence of rescue analgesia and nerve root non-touch were compared among the three groups. Results: The difference of map peak value among the three groups was statistically significant (P < 0.001); pairwise comparison showed that the map peak value of the LA group was higher than that of the EA group (P < 0.001) and IVA group (P < 0.001), but there was no statistical significance between the EA group and IVA group. The difference of HR peak value among the three groups was statistically significant; pairwise comparison showed that the HR peak value of the LA group was higher than that of the EA group (P < 0.001) and IVA group (P < 0.001), but there was no statistical significance between the EA group and IVA group. There was significant difference in the incidence of intraoperative hypertension among the three groups (P < 0.05); pairwise comparison showed that the incidence of intraoperative hypertension in the EA group was lower than that in the LA group (P < 0.05), while there was no significant difference between the IVA group, EA group, and LA group. There was significant difference in the incidence of rescue analgesia among the three groups (P < 0.01); pairwise comparison showed that the incidence of rescue analgesia in the EA group was lower than that in the LA group (P < 0.05) and IVA group (P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference between the LA group and IVA group. Due to the different analgesic mechanisms of the three anesthesia methods, local anesthesia and intravenous anesthesia do not cause the loss of nerve tactile, while the incidence of nerve tactile in 0.4% ropivacaine epidural anesthesia is only 2.4%, which is still satisfactory. Conclusion: Epidural anesthesia with 0.4% ropivacaine is a better anesthesia method for PELD. It not only has a low incidence of non-tactile nerve, but also has perfect analgesia and more stable intraoperative circulation.


Assuntos
Anestesia Epidural , Discotomia Percutânea , Anestesia Local , Anestésicos Locais , Humanos , Ropivacaina
6.
Integr Cancer Ther ; 20: 15347354211044107, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521235

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was to evaluate the effects of acupuncture and moxibustion (AM) in women with breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL). METHODS: We retrieved RCTs published before January 24, 2021, from the MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chongqing VIP (VIP), and Wanfang databases. RCTs that compared acupuncture and/or moxibustion intervention with other treatments were included. A random effects or fixed effects model was used based on the heterogeneity findings. Study quality was evaluated using the Cochrane risk of bias tool. RESULTS: We included 14 RCTs in the analyses, of which 4 RCTs adopted acupuncture, 4 RCTs used moxibustion, and the rest used both. AM significantly reduced arm circumference at the elbow crease compared to routine care (Mean deviation (MD) = -7.26, 95% confidence interval (CI) = -8.30 to -6.21, P < .00001). There was a significant difference between AM and diosmin tablets in the effective index for upper limb lymphedema (MD = 24.68, 95% CI = 24.82-30.53, P < .00001), the range of motion of the shoulder during protraction (MD = 6.77, 95% CI = 2.81-10.73, P = .0008), and adduction (MD = 4.17, 95% CI = 1.02-7.32, P = .01). There was a significant difference between moxibustion and pneumatic circulation (MD = -0.51, 95% CI = -0.85 to -0.17, P = .003) in the visual analog score (VAS) for swelling. Finally, compared to the blank control, acupuncture reduced the VAS for pain (MD = -1.33, 95% CI = -1.52 to -1.15, P < .00001; heterogeneity (I2) = 0%, P = .57). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that AM is effective in the treatment of BCRL. AM may reduce arm circumference at the elbow crease (compared to routine care), increase effective index for upper limb lymphedema (compared to oral diosmin tablets), improve the range of motion of the shoulder during protraction and adduction (compared to oral diosmin tablets), and decrease the VAS for both swelling (compared to pneumatic circulation) and pain (compared to blank control).


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Neoplasias da Mama , Linfedema , Moxibustão , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Linfedema/etiologia , Linfedema/terapia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
7.
Biosaf Health ; 3(5): 238-243, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34518817

RESUMO

Many factors have been identified as having the ability to affect the sensitivity of rapid antigen detection (RAD) tests for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). This study aimed to identify the impact of sample processing on the sensitivity of the RAD tests. We explored the effect of different inactivation methods, viral transport media (VTM) solutions, and sample preservation on the sensitivity of four RAD kits based on two SARS-CoV-2 strains. Compared with non-inactivation, heat inactivation significantly impacted the sensitivity of most RAD kits; however, ß-propiolactone inactivation only had a minor effect. Some of the VTM solutions (VTM2, MANTACC) had a significant influence on the sensitivity of the RAD kits, especially for low viral-loads samples. The detection value of RAD kits was slightly decreased, while most of them were still in the detection range with the extension of preservation time and the increase of freeze-thaw cycles. Our results showed that selecting the appropriate inactivation methods and VTM solutions is necessary during reagent development, performance evaluation, and clinical application.

8.
J Environ Manage ; 300: 113744, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536738

RESUMO

This study aimed at establishing the spatial and seasonal distribution patterns of dissolved metals, and assessing the water quality and potential human health risk, in rivers of Lake Chaohu Basin (LCB, China). Four seasonal samplings were conducted at 83 sites from April to December in 2018. The water quality was assessed using heavy metal evaluation index (HEI), while hazard index (HI) and carcinogenic risks indicated potential human risk, according to 12 metals (Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Mo, Cd, Sb, Ba, and Pb). Spatially, sites were effectively classified into Group I and II using cluster analysis. Generally, dissolved metals were low in rivers of LCB at whole basin scale. Total metals concentrations, as well as HEI and HI, were significantly higher in Group II compared with Group I. The mean total concentration was 496.38 µg L-1, with the highest mean of Zn (233.39 µg L-1), followed by Ba (170.66 µg L-1). The pollution status was generally classified as "slightly affected" by HEI, with a mean of 1.51. According to HI, there were 6.02% and 10.84% of all the 83 sites (main in Nanfei River) with greater chances of harmful health risks for adults and children, respectively. Furthermore, a high risk was observed of Cr, As, and Ni, which was listed in the decreasing order. Although the dissolved metals were relatively low, the potential risk for human health still existed in rivers of LCB, which the local manager should pay more attention to in future.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adulto , Criança , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos , Humanos , Lagos , Metais Pesados/análise , Medição de Risco , Rios , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Qualidade da Água
9.
Foods ; 10(9)2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34574153

RESUMO

Fruit thinning is a cultivation technique that is widely applied in horticulture in order to obtain high-quality horticultural crops. This practice results in the discarding of a large number of thinned unripe fruits in orchards each year, which produces a great waste of agricultural resources and causes soil pollution that may be an important reservoir for pest and plant diseases. Current studies showed that bioactive compounds such as polyphenols, organic acids, monosaccharides and starches are present in unripe fruits. Therefore, we reviewed the bioactive components obtained from thinned unripe fruits, their revalorization for the food industry, their beneficial effects for human health and the methods for obtaining these components. We also performed a calculation of the costs and benefits of obtaining these bioactive compounds, and we proposed future research directions. This review provides a reference for the effective utilization and industrial development of thinned unripe fruits obtained from horticultural crops. Furthermore, revalorizing the waste from this cultural practice may increase the economic benefits and relieve the environmental stress.

10.
J Food Sci ; 86(10): 4316-4329, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519066

RESUMO

Squid are commercial marine species that have high nutritional value. This study aimed to compare the influences of vacuum frying and atmospheric frying on the physicochemical properties and protein oxidation of three main parts (ring, tentacle, and fin) of the squid Loligo chinensis. The results showed that the vacuum-fried (VF) group had lower moisture and total fat contents and looser microstructures than the atmospheric-fried (AF) group. The amino acid contents and molecular weight revealed that the proteins were well preserved during vacuum frying. Carbonyl content in the VF ring, tentacle, and fin samples increased nearly 2.53-, 1.54-, and 2.56-fold, respectively, compared to that in the corresponding fresh group, but these increases were lower than those of the corresponding AF group. In addition, the secondary structures of proteins revealed a slight decrease in the α-helix and ß-turn contents and a significant increase in the ß-sheet content during vacuum frying. Therefore, vacuum frying can be used as an efficient processing method to conserve the high nutritive quality of the product. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: As a developing alternative technology to prepare healthier fried products, vacuum frying has been the focus of recent researches. Vacuum frying produced squid products that had lower TBARS values, carbonyl contents, and Schiff base substances compared to atmospheric frying. And the protein secondary structures of the vacuum-fried group retained better. The study proved that vacuum frying could be an effective method with the advantages of high protein stability and product quality.


Assuntos
Culinária , Decapodiformes , Proteínas na Dieta , Qualidade dos Alimentos , Loligo , Animais , Decapodiformes/química , Proteínas na Dieta/metabolismo , Análise de Alimentos , Loligo/química , Oxirredução , Vácuo
11.
Foods ; 10(7)2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34359515

RESUMO

The aroma chemical composition of commonly planted kiwifruit cultivars in China was analyzed. The combination of 2-octanone with 3-octanone was the most suitable dual internal standard for quantitative analysis in GC-MS. A total of 172 aroma components in 23 kiwifruit cultivars were detected, and ethyl butanoate, (E)-2-hexen-1-ol, and (E)-2-hexenal could be considered the core aroma components in kiwifruit, but still need further confirmation using Sensomics. E-nose could effectively distinguish different cultivars of kiwifruit. Clustering based on GC-MS and E-nose results tends to be consistent and demonstrate a certain degree of similarity. Kiwifruit cultivars with different flesh colors cannot be effectively distinguished by their aroma chemical compositions. Different species of kiwifruit can be distinguished to some extent by their aroma chemical compositions, but the effect was not satisfactory. These results could prove valuable in the breeding, planting, and marketing of kiwifruits.

12.
J Cancer ; 12(17): 5164-5172, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335933

RESUMO

Background: Nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel (nab-PTX) has exhibited clinical efficacy in breast cancer treatment, but toxicities can be yielded more at the same time. We did this meta-analysis aiming to unambiguously compare nab-PTX with conventional solvent-based paclitaxel (sb-PTX) in breast cancer patients of all stages. Method: Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane Library were searched for head-to-head randomized controlled trials of nab-PTX and sb-PTX in breast cancer. Risk ratio (RR) with 95% confidence interval was used for dichotomous variables while Hazard ratio (HR) was used for time-to-event outcomes. Results: Our review finally included 9 studies with 3508 patients. Nab-PTX showed a benefit on objective response rate (ORR) (RR=1.22 [1.04-1.43], P=0.01) as well as non-inferiority compared with sb-PTX in disease control rate (DCR) (RR=1.01 [0.98-1.04], P=0.44), overall survival (OS) (HR=0.99 [0.93-1.05], P=0.81) and disease free survival/progression free survival (DFS/PFS) (HR=0.92 [0.81-1.05], P=0.21). However, when it comes to toxicities (fatigue, nausea or vomiting, peripheral sensory neuropathy and adverse event related discontinuation), results favored sb-PTX (RR=2.89 [1.07-7.8], 3.15 [1.78-5.59], 2.11 [1.32-3.37], 2.02 [1.61-2.53]; P<0.05). Patients with metastatic tumors or undergoing conventional schedule responses better to nab-PTX than the compared groups (RR of ORR in metastatic vs early or locally advanced patients: 1.46 [1.09-1.96] vs 1.01 [0.94-1.08]; conventional vs dose dense group: 1.59 [1.23-2.06] vs 1.01 [0.91-1.12]). Conclusions: Nab-PTX can improve ORR compared with paclitaxel and should be given priority to when aiming to reduce tumor load in breast cancer. Sb-PTX of dose dense schedule is recommended when toxicity of nab-PTX is hard to bear for breast cancer patients.

13.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 715929, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34413803

RESUMO

Although COVID-19 information has been shown to play an important role in anxiety, little is known about the mediating and moderating mechanisms underlying this relationship. In the present study, we examined whether risk perception mediated the relationship between positive information of COVID-19 and anxiety and whether this mediating process was moderated by intolerance of uncertainty. A sample of 3,341 college students participated in this study and completed questionnaires regarding positive information of COVID-19, risk perception, intolerance of uncertainty, and anxiety. The results indicated that positive information of COVID-19 was significantly and negatively associated with anxiety and that risk perception partially mediated this relationship. Intolerance of uncertainty further moderated the relationship between positive information of COVID-19 and risk perception. Specifically, the relationship between positive information of COVID-19 and risk perception was significant for college students with low intolerance of uncertainty, while it became weaker for those with high intolerance of uncertainty.

14.
World Allergy Organ J ; 14(7): 100537, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34429814

RESUMO

Background: The prevalence rates of allergic rhinitis (AR) and asthma in the border region of China may be different from those in the central region of plateau grasslands. A survey was performed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors for AR, asthma, and AR combined with asthma among adults (age ≥ 20 years) residing in the southern border of plateau grasslands in northern China. Methods: From May to August 2018, a cross-sectional survey was completed by subjects that were selected using a cluster random sampling method. The subjects completed a questionnaire and were administered skin prick tests (SPTs). Risk factors for AR, asthma, and AR combined with asthma were examined by multivariate logistic regression analyses. Results: A total of 1815 adult subjects in the selected region completed study. The prevalence rates of physician-diagnosed AR, asthma, and AR combined with asthma were 13.9% (253), 9.8% (177), and 2.9% (52), respectively. Among the patients with AR, 20.6% were found to have concurrent asthma; among the patients with asthma, 29.4% were found to have concurrent AR. Artemisia and Humulus pollen were the most common sensitizing pollen types. Approximately 70% of subjects with AR and <30% of asthma patients were sensitized to Artemisia and Humulus pollen. Symptoms of AR and asthma mainly appeared during August. A multivariable logistic regression analysis identified sensitization pollen as an independent risk factor for both AR and AR combined with asthma (AR: OR = 16.23, 95% CI: 10.15-25.96; AR combined with asthma: OR = 6.16, 95% CI: 1.28-29.66). An age >40 years old, family history of asthma, moderate-to-severe AR, adverse food reactions, and mold allergies were independent risk factors for AR combined with asthma. Conclusions: This study identified the prevalence rates of AR and asthma in the southern borders of the plateau grassland in northern China (>1500 m above sea level). Sensitization pollen is an independent risk factor for AR and AR combined with asthma.

15.
Foods ; 10(8)2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34441628

RESUMO

Currently, thermal pasteurisation (TP) remains the most widely applied technique for commercial orange juice preservation; however, a high temperature causes adverse effects on the quality attributes of orange juice. In order to explore a novel non-thermal sterilization method for orange juice, the impacts of thermosonication combined with nisin (TSN) and TP treatments on the quality attributes including microbial and enzyme inactivation and the physicochemical, nutritional, functional, and sensory qualities of orange juice were studied. Both TP and TSN treatments achieved desirable bactericidal and enzyme inactivation effects, and nisin had a significant synergistic lethal effect on aerobic bacteria in orange juice (p < 0.05). Additionally, TSN treatment significantly improved the color attributes of orange juice and well maintained its physicochemical properties and sensory quality. More importantly, TSN treatment significantly increased the total polyphenols content (TPC) and total carotenoids (TC) by 10.03% and 20.10%, increased the ORAC and DPPH by 51.10% and 10.58%, and the contents of total flavonoids and ascorbic acid were largely retained. Correlation analysis of antioxidant activity showed that the ORAC and scavenging ability of DPPH radicals of orange juice are mainly attributed to TC and TPC. These findings indicate that TSN shows great potential application value, which could guarantee the microbiological safety and improve the quality attributes of orange juice.

16.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(4): 1318-1324, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362523

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the serological characteristics and molecular biological basis of 8 individuals with Para-Bombay phenotypes in Guangxi area. METHODS: Serological tests were used to identify the blood groups of red cells. Molecular biological methods, including PCR-SSP for ABO genotyping and DNA sequencing for FUT1, were used to detect the genotypes of ABO and FUT1 which determined the expression of H antigen. RESULTS: Eight individuals in the study were all the Para-Bombay phenotypes, including 4 cases of Bmh and 4 cases of Amh. The DNA sequencing for FUT1 showed that 6 cases were h3h3 [c.658C>T (p.Arg220Cys) homozygous mutation], 1 was h832h832 [c.832G>A (p.Asp278Asn) homozygous mutation], and 1 was h328h3 [compound heterozygous mutations of c.328G>A (p.Ala110Thr) and c.658C>T (p.Arg220Cys)]. CONCLUSION: There are varieties of molecular genetic mechanisms for Para-Bombay phenotypes. In this study, the FUT1 mutations that cause Para-Bombay phenotypes in Guangxi area are mainly h3, h328, and h832, among which h3 is the most common mutant.


Assuntos
Sistema ABO de Grupos Sanguíneos , Fucosiltransferases , Sistema ABO de Grupos Sanguíneos/genética , Alelos , China , Fucosiltransferases/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Mutação , Fenótipo
17.
Contrast Media Mol Imaging ; 2021: 9935754, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34385900

RESUMO

This research aimed to evaluate the right ventricular segmentation ability of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images based on deep learning and evaluate the influence of curcumin (Cur) on the psychological state of patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH). The heart MRI images were detected based on the You Only Look Once (YOLO) algorithm, and then the MRI image right ventricle segmentation algorithm was established based on the convolutional neural network (CNN) algorithm. The segmentation effect of the right ventricle in cardiac MRI images was evaluated regarding intersection-over-union (IOU), Dice coefficient, accuracy, and Jaccard coefficient. 30 cases of PH patients were taken as the research object. According to different treatments, they were rolled into control group (conventional treatment) and Cur group (conventional treatment + Cur), with 15 cases in each group. Changes in the scores of the self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and self-rating depression scale (SDS) of the two groups of patients before and after treatment were analyzed. It was found that the average IOU of the heart target detection frame of the MRI image and the true bounding box before correction was 0.7023, and the IOU after correction was 0.9016. The Loss of the MRI image processed by the CNN algorithm was 0.05, which was greatly smaller than those processed by other algorithms. The Dice coefficient, Jaccard coefficient, and accuracy of the MRI image processed by CNN were 0.89, 0.881, and 0.994, respectively. The MRI images of PH patients showed that the anterior wall of the right ventricle was notably thickened, and the main pulmonary artery was greatly widened. After treatment, the SAR and SDS scores of the two groups were lower than those before treatment (P < 0.05), and the SAR and SDS scores of the curcumin group were lower than those of the control group (P < 0.05). To sum up, the right ventricular segmentation ability of MRI images based on deep learning was improved, and Cur can remarkably alleviate the psychological state of PH patients, which provided a reference for the diagnosis and treatment for PH patients.

18.
J Mol Diagn ; 23(11): 1478-1490, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384895

RESUMO

The partial tandem duplication of histone-lysine N-methyltransferase 2A (KMT2A-PTD) is an important genetic alteration in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and is associated with poor clinical outcome. Accurate and rapid detection of KMT2A-PTD is important for outcome prediction and clinical management, but next-generation sequencing-based quantitative research is still lacking. In this study, we developed a targeted RNA-based next-generation sequencing panel, together with single primer enrichment and unique molecular identifiers, to identify KMT2A-PTD as well as AML-related gene fusions and other driver mutations. Our panel showed high sensitivity, accuracy, and reproducibility in detecting the fusion ratio of KMT2A-PTD. The mutation profile of KMT2A-PTD-positive patients with AML was characterized and different distribution patterns of driver mutations were found according to KMT2A-PTD fusion ratio level. Survival analyses revealed that the fusion ratio of KMT2A-PTD did not affect clinical outcome, but a novel molecular combination, namely, KMT2A-PTD/DNMT3A/FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3-internal tandem duplication, was associated with poor prognosis. Finally, it was shown that the dynamic changes in the KMT2A-PTD fusion ratio were consistent with the overall process of disease progression. In summary, we applied the unique molecular identifier-based RNA panel to quantitatively detect KMT2A-PTD and elucidate its clinical relevance, which complemented the integrative network of various genetic alterations in AML.

19.
Am J Transl Res ; 13(6): 7418-7419, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34306515

RESUMO

[This corrects the article on p. 2403 in vol. 9, PMID: 28559990.].

20.
Foods ; 10(7)2021 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34206678

RESUMO

In this study, Vidal grape must was fermented using commercial Saccharomyces cerevisiae F33 in pure culture as a control and in mixed culture with five indigenous non-Saccharomyces yeast strains (Hanseniaspora uvarum QTX22, Saccharomycopsis crataegensis YC30, Pichia kluyveri HSP14, Metschnikowia pulcherrima YC12, and Rhodosporidiobolus lusitaniae QTX15) through simultaneous fermentation in a 1:1 ratio. Simultaneous fermentation inhibited the growth of S. cerevisiae F33 and delayed the time to reach the maximum biomass. Compared with pure fermentation, the contents of polyphenols, acetic esters, ethyl esters, other esters, and terpenes were increased by R. lusitaniae QTX15, S. crataegensis YC30, and P. kluyveri HSP14 through simultaneous fermentation. S. crataegensis YC30 produced the highest total aroma activity and the most abundant aroma substances of all the wine samples. The odor activity values of 1 C13-norisoprenoid, 3 terpenes, 6 acetic esters, and 10 ethyl esters improved significantly, and three lactones (δ-decalactone, γ-nonalactone, and γ-decalactone) related to coconut and creamy flavor were only found in this wine. Moreover, this sample showed obvious "floral" and "fruity" note odor due to having the highest amount of ethyl ester aromatic substances and cinnamene, linalool, citronellol, ß-damascenone, isoamyl ethanoate, benzylcarbinyl acetate, isobutyl acetate, etc. We suggest that simultaneous fermentation of S. crataegensis YC30 with S. cerevisiae might represent a novel strategy for the future production of Vidal icewine.

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