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IEEE Trans Med Imaging ; 40(5): 1363-1376, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33507867


To better understand early brain development in health and disorder, it is critical to accurately segment infant brain magnetic resonance (MR) images into white matter (WM), gray matter (GM), and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Deep learning-based methods have achieved state-of-the-art performance; h owever, one of the major limitations is that the learning-based methods may suffer from the multi-site issue, that is, the models trained on a dataset from one site may not be applicable to the datasets acquired from other sites with different imaging protocols/scanners. To promote methodological development in the community, the iSeg-2019 challenge ( provides a set of 6-month infant subjects from multiple sites with different protocols/scanners for the participating methods. T raining/validation subjects are from UNC (MAP) and testing subjects are from UNC/UMN (BCP), Stanford University, and Emory University. By the time of writing, there are 30 automatic segmentation methods participated in the iSeg-2019. In this article, 8 top-ranked methods were reviewed by detailing their pipelines/implementations, presenting experimental results, and evaluating performance across different sites in terms of whole brain, regions of interest, and gyral landmark curves. We further pointed out their limitations and possible directions for addressing the multi-site issue. We find that multi-site consistency is still an open issue. We hope that the multi-site dataset in the iSeg-2019 and this review article will attract more researchers to address the challenging and critical multi-site issue in practice.

IEEE Trans Med Imaging ; 39(4): 898-909, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31449009


The segmentation of brain tissue in MRI is valuable for extracting brain structure to aid diagnosis, treatment and tracking the progression of different neurologic diseases. Medical image data are volumetric and some neural network models for medical image segmentation have addressed this using a 3D convolutional architecture. However, this volumetric spatial information has not been fully exploited to enhance the representative ability of deep networks, and these networks have not fully addressed the practical issues facing the analysis of multimodal MRI data. In this paper, we propose a spatially-weighted 3D network (SW-3D-UNet) for brain tissue segmentation of single-modality MRI, and extend it using multimodality MRI data. We validate our model on the MRBrainS13 and MALC12 datasets. This unpublished model ranked first on the leaderboard of the MRBrainS13 Challenge.