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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636536

RESUMO

Although organic artificial enzymes have been reported as biomimetic oxidation catalysts and are widely used for colorimetric biosensors, developing organic artificial enzymes with high enzymatic activity is still a challenge. Two-dimensional (2D) covalent organic frameworks (COFs) have shown superior potential in biocatalysts because of their periodic π-π arrays, tunable pore size and structure, large surface area, and thermal stability. The interconnection of electron acceptor and donor building blocks in the 2D conjugated COF skeleton can lead to narrower band gaps and efficient charge separation and transportation and thus is helpful to improve catalytic activity. Herein, a donor-acceptor 2D COF was synthesized using tetrakis(4-aminophenyl)pyrene (Py) as an electron donor and thieno[3,2-b]thiophene-2,5-dicarbaldehyde (TT) as an electron acceptor. Under visible light irradiation, the donor-acceptor 2D COF exhibited superior enzymatic catalytic activity, which could catalyze the oxidation of chromogenic substrates such as 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) by the formation of superoxide radicals and holes. Based on the above property, the photoactivated donor-acceptor 2D COF with enzyme-like catalytic properties was designed as a robust colorimetric probe for cheap, highly sensitive, and rapid colorimetric detection of glutathione (GSH); the corresponding linear range of GSH was 0.4-60 µM, and the limit of detection was 0.225 µM. This study not only presents the construction of COF-based light-activated nanozymes for environmentally friendly colorimetric detection of GSH but also provides a smart strategy for improving nanozyme activity.

2.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1181: 338886, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34556223

RESUMO

A facile and rapid strategy for preparation of covalent organic framework (COF) coated fibers at ambient temperature is urgently needed for solid-phase microextraction (SPME) technology. In this work, an in situ room-temperature rapid growth strategy was developed to high-efficiently fabricate imine-linked COF (TPB-DVA) coated fibers in as little as 30 min at room temperature, and the thickness of the coating reached 9 µm. The prepared TPB-DVA coated fiber offer high thermal and chemical stability, and outstanding service lifetime. Moreover, we generalize this strategy to other two imine-linked COF (TPB-DMTP and TFPB-TAPB) coated fibers and the fibers were fabricated at room temperature for 3 h and 12 h, respectively, which demonstrate the applicability of this strategy. Subsequently, a SPME-GC-MS/MS analytical method was developed for trace pyrethroids (PYs) detection, which exhibited high enhancement factors (EFs, 2700-13195), wide linear range (0.08-800 ng L-1), low limits of detection (LODs, 0.02-0.20 ng L-1), and good repeatability (RSD ≤ 8.5%, n = 6). Furthermore, the developed analytical method was applied to tea samples and trace PYs (1.31-4.32 ng L-1) were found with satisfactory recovery (80.2-119.8%). The above results demonstrated that the feasibility of the developed strategy for the facile and rapid fabrication of imine-linked COF coated fibers.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Piretrinas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Iminas , Limite de Detecção , Microextração em Fase Sólida , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Temperatura , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(61): 7501-7504, 2021 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259250

RESUMO

Micron-sized spherical covalent organic frameworks (SCOFs) with tunable sizes, narrow size distribution, and significant mono-dispersity were simply synthesized at room temperature. Thanks to their high specific surface areas, high chemical and mechanical stability, the SCOFs were used for the first time as stationary phases for high-efficiency separation of various small molecules and protein digests via short-column liquid chromatography.

4.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(60): 7362-7365, 2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196343

RESUMO

A facile strategy was introduced for room-temperature controllable synthesis of hierarchically flower-like hollow COFs (FHF-COFs). Furthermore, the universality for synthesis of the HFH-COFs was validated by altering the building units. Inspired by the unique morphology, extremely large surface area and good chemical stability, HFH-COFs could serve as an attractive adsorption probe by loading with gold nanoparticles and be applied to enrichment of brain natriuretic peptide from human serum. This work opens up a whole new approach for controllable synthesis of the HFH-COFs at room temperature and expands the application of COFs as a promising enrichment probe for complex biological samples.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/isolamento & purificação , Adsorção , Ouro/química , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/síntese química , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz
5.
Analyst ; 146(9): 2991-2997, 2021 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33949450

RESUMO

A spherical thiol-functionalized covalent organic framework (COF-SH) was designed via a facile thiol-yne click reaction of a alkynyl-terminated COF and pentaerythritol tetra(3-mercaptopropionate). The COF-SH was explored as a new adsorbent for the selective enrichment of Hg2+. The as-prepared COF-SH exhibited a uniform mesoporous structure, a high abundance of binding sites, and good chemical stability, which endow it with great performance for the adsorption of Hg2+ and its corresponding maximum adsorption capacity was up to 617.3 mg g-1. Furthermore, the adsorption behavior of Hg2+ on the COF-SH wasin good agreement with the Langmuir and pseudo-second-order models. The influences of adsorbent dosage, pH, selectivity, and reusability of the COF-SH on Hg2+ adsorption were also investigated. Besides this, the COF-SH showed high selectivity towards Hg2+ even in the presence of a high concentration of K+, Na+, Ca2+, Mg2+ and Zn2+ metal ions. Using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS), the corresponding limit of detection (LOD) of Hg2+ was determined at very low concentrations of 80 pg mL-1 (equal to 396 amoL µL-1). In addition, the COF-SH was successfully applied to rapidly enrich and sensitively detect Hg2+ in industrial sewage, with recoveries in the range of 101.8-103.4%, demonstrating the promising potential of COF-SH as an effective adsorbent for use in environmental sample pretreatment.

6.
Mikrochim Acta ; 188(3): 91, 2021 02 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33598812

RESUMO

Magnetic covalent organic frameworks (Fe3O4@TPPCl4) were synthesized via a one-pot process in which magnetic nanoparticles (Fe3O4@MNP) served as a magnetic core and 2,4,6-trihydroxy-1,3,5-benzenetricarbaldehyde (TP) and 2,2',5,5'-tetrachlorobenzidine (PCl4) as two building blocks to form a shell. The as-prepared Fe3O4@TPPCl4 nanoparticles have superior features, including large surface area (186.5 m2 g-1), high porosity, strong magnetic responsiveness (42.6 emu g-1), high chlorine content, and outstanding thermal stability, which make them an ideal adsorbent for highly selective enrichment of polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs). Combining with atmospheric pressure gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (APGC-MS/MS), a simple analytical method of Fe3O4@TPPCl4-based magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE)-APGC-MS/MS was developed, which exhibited good linearity (r ≥ 0.9991) for eight PCNs in the concentration range 0.1-100 ng L-1. Moreover, low detection limits (0.005-0.325 ng L-1), high enrichment factors (46.62-81.97-fold), and good relative standard deviations (RSDs) of inter-day (n = 3, 1.64 to 7.44%) and day-to-day (n = 3, 2.62 to 8.23%) were achieved. This method was successfully applied to the selective enrichment of PCNs in fine particulate matter (PM)2.5 samples, and ultra-trace PCNs were found in the range 1.56-3.75 ng kg-1 with satisfactory recoveries (93.11-105.81%). The successful application demonstrated the great potential of Fe3O4@TPPCl4 nanoparticles as an adsorbent for enrichment of halogenated compounds. Schematic presented one-pot synthesis of magnetic covalent organic framework nanocomposites (Fe3O4@TPPCl4) and their application in the selective enrichment of PCNs from PM2.5 prior to APGC-MS/MS analysis.

7.
Mikrochim Acta ; 187(7): 370, 2020 06 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32504203

RESUMO

Core-shell structured magnetic covalent organic framework (Fe3O4@COF) nanospheres were rapidly synthesized at room temperature using the monodisperse Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) as magnetic core and benzene-1,3,5-tricarbaldehyde (BTA) and 3,3'-dihydroxybenzidine (DHBD) as two building blocks (denoted as Fe3O4@BTA-DHBD), respectively. They can serve as a mass spectrometry probe for rapid and high-throughput screening of bisphenols (BPs) from pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) by surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF-MS). The Fe3O4@BTA-DHBD nanospheres showed some superior features involving average pore size distribution (2.82 nm), high magnetization values (42.5 emu g-1), high specific surface area (82.96 m2 g-1), and good chemical/thermal stability. It was used as both ideal adsorbent for enrichment of BPs and new substrate to assist ionization in SELDI-TOF-MS. The method exhibited good linearity in the range 0.05-4000 ng mL-1 with correlation coefficients (r) higher than 0.9920. Low limits of detection (LODs) (500 pg mL-1 for bisphenol A (BPA), 2 pg mL-1 for bisphenol B (BPB), 28 pg mL-1 for bisphenol C (BPC), 60 pg mL-1 for bisphenol F (BPF), 33 pg mL-1 for bisphenol AF (BPAF), 200 pg mL-1 for bisphenol BP (BPBP), 10 pg mL-1 for bisphenol S (BPS), 90 pg mL-1 for tetrabromobisphenol A (BPA(Br)4), and 380 pg mL-1 for tetrabromobisphenol S (BPS(Br)4)) and good recoveries (80.6-115%) of BPs in PPCPs were achieved. The relative standard deviations (RSDs) of spot-to-spot (n = 10) and sample-to-sample (n = 5) were in the ranges 5-11% and 5-12%, respectively. The dual-function platform was successfully applied to the quantitative determination of BPs in PPCPs. It not only expanded the scope of the application of COFs but also provided an alternative strategy for the determination of hazardous compounds in PPCPs. Graphical abstract Schematic representation of the synthesis of core-shell structured magnetic covalent organic framework nanospheres (Fe3O4@COFs) and its application in the analysis of bisphenols by using Fe3O4@BTA-DHBD nanospheres as a MS probe based on surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry.

8.
Analyst ; 145(8): 3125-3130, 2020 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32163066

RESUMO

A spherical vinyl-functionalized covalent-organic framework (COF-V) was prepared at room temperature by a facile method and applied as a novel substrate for surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (SELDI-MS). Compared with conventional organic matrices, the spherical COF-V with high crystallinity and good monodispersity exhibited high sensitivity, no matrix background interference, wide-range applicability, high salt tolerance and reproducibility in the characterization of small molecules. Considering these advantages, the applicability of the spherical COF-V-based SELDI-MS method was successfully demonstrated by determining trace amounts of glucose in diabetic urine, which would be a promising candidate for clinical diagnosis of diabetes. In addition, the morphological effect and the desorption/ionization mechanism of the COF-V were investigated in detail and the results indicated that the spherical COF-V substrate could greatly enhance the LDI process compared with the bulk COF-V. This work not only extends the application of COFs in MS, but also offers a promising alternative for small molecule identification and clinical diagnosis of diabetes.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz/métodos , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Poluentes Ambientais/análise , Glucose/análise , Glicosúria/diagnóstico , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Compostos Orgânicos/análise , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
9.
Sci Total Environ ; 713: 136602, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31955098

RESUMO

In this study, the response of methane (CH4) production to the addition of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) with three types of short-chain fatty acids (sodium acetate, sodium propionate and sodium butyrate) as carbon sources in mangrove sediment was investigated. The results showed that the maximum CH4 formation rate increased by 45.2%, 32.7% and 48.6% and the maximum cumulative CH4 production increased by 25.2%, 7.7% and 6.3% with the addition of TiO2 NPs in the sodium acetate, sodium propionate and sodium butyrate systems, respectively. The microbial community analysis revealed that the electrogenic bacteria Proteiniclasticum and Pseudomonas, butyrate oxidizing bacteria Syntrophomonas and methanogens Methanobacterium and Methanosarcina were significantly enriched in the presence of TiO2 NPs, indicating that TiO2 NPs can enhance CH4 production by stimulating the growth of different species of methanogens and butyrate oxidizing bacteria. The enlarged distance between microbes, the enhanced conductivity of the sediment and the typical microorganisms for direct interspecies electron transfer (DIET) with the addition of TiO2 NPs suggest that the promoted DIET between distinct microorganisms could be another possible explanation for the improvement in CH4 production. It can be speculated that a weaker effect on methanogenesis increases under the natural concentration of TiO2 NPs compared with the experimental conditions; however, the amounts of TiO2 NPs are increasing enriched in wetland environments. Therefore, the findings of this study increase current knowledge about the effect of nanomaterials on global CH4 emissions and suggest that the discharge of wastewater containing TiO2 NPs from the synthesis and incorporation of TiO2 NPs in customer products needs to be monitored.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Methanosarcina , Sedimentos Geológicos , Metano , Titânio , Áreas Alagadas
10.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(45): 18271-18277, 2019 11 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31656073

RESUMO

Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) represent a new class of porous crystalline polymers with a diversity of applications. However, synthesis of uniform spherical COFs poses a great challenge. Here, we present size-controllable synthesis of uniform spherical COFs from nanometer to micrometer scale by a facile approach at room temperature. The as-prepared spherical COFs with different sizes exhibited ultrahigh surface area, good crystallinity, and chemical/thermal stability. Multifarious microscopic and spectroscopic techniques were performed to understand the formation mechanism and influencing factors of the spherical COFs. Moreover, the general applicability for room-temperature synthesis of the spherical COFs was demonstrated by varying different building blocks. Spherical COFs, because of the advantageous nature of their surface area, hydrophobicity, and mesoporous microenvironment, serve as an attractive restricted-access adsorption material for highly selective and efficient enrichment of hydrophobic peptides and size exclusion of macromolecular proteins simultaneously. On this basis, the spherical COFs were successfully applied to the specific capture of ultratrace C-peptide from human serum and urine samples. This research provides a new strategy for room-temperature controllable synthesis of uniform spherical COFs with different sizes and extends the application of COFs as an attractive sample-enrichment probe for clinical analysis.


Assuntos
Peptídeo C/isolamento & purificação , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Adsorção , Peptídeo C/sangue , Peptídeo C/química , Peptídeo C/urina , Humanos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/síntese química , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz
11.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2779, 2019 06 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31239440

RESUMO

Optimising the supported modes of atom or ion dispersal onto substrates, to synchronously integrate high reactivity and robust stability in catalytic conversion, is an important yet challenging area of research. Here, theoretical calculations first show that three-coordinated copper (Cu) sites have higher activity than four-, two- and one-coordinated sites. A site-selective etching method is then introduced to prepare a stacked-nanosheet metal-organic framework (MOF, CASFZU-1)-based catalyst with precisely controlled coordination number sites on its surface. The turnover frequency value of CASFZU-1 with three-coordinated Cu sites, for cycloaddition reaction of CO2 with epoxides, greatly exceed those of other catalysts reported to date. Five successive catalytic cycles reveal the superior stability of CASFZU-1 in the stacked-nanosheet structure. This study could form a basis for the rational design and construction of highly efficient and robust catalysts in the field of single-atom or ion catalysis.

12.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(14): 13735-13741, 2019 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30892013

RESUMO

Chemical modification of covalent organic frameworks (COFs) is indispensable for integrating functionalities of greater complexity and accessing advanced COF materials suitable for more potential applications. Reported here is a novel strategy for fabricating controllable core-shell structured Zr4+-immobilized magnetic COFs (MCNC@COF@Zr4+) composed of a high-magnetic-response magnetic colloid nanocrystal cluster (MCNC) core, Zr4+ ion-functionalized two-dimensional COFs as the shell by sequential postsynthetic functionalization and, for the first time, the application of the MCNC@COF@Zr4+ composites for efficient and selective enrichment of phosphopeptides. The as-prepared MCNC@COF@Zr4+ composites possess regular porosity with large surface areas, high Zr4+ loading amount, strong magnetic responsiveness, and good thermal/chemical stability, which can serve as an ideal adsorbent for selective enrichment of phosphopeptides and simultaneous size exclusion of biomacromolecules, such as proteins. The high detection sensitivity (10 fmol) together with the excellent recovery of phosphopeptides is also obtained. These outstanding features suggest that the MCNC@COF@Zr4+ composites are of great benefit for pretreatment prior to mass spectrometry analysis of phosphopeptides. In addition, the performance of the developed approach in selective enrichment of phosphopeptides from the tryptic digests of defatted milk and directly specific capture of endogenous phosphopeptides from human serum gives powerful proof for its high selectivity and effectiveness in identifying the low-abundance phosphopeptides from complicated biological samples. This study not only provides a strategy for versatile functionalization of magnetic COFs but also opens a new avenue in their use in phosphoproteome analysis.

13.
J Mater Chem B ; 6(11): 1581-1594, 2018 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32254274

RESUMO

In the past few years, the immobilization of biomolecules on hybrid nanoflowers and metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) via self-assembly synthesis has received much attention due to its simplicity, high efficiency, and a bright prospect of enhancing the stability, activity and even selectivity of biomolecules compared to conventional immobilization methods. In the synthesis of organic-inorganic hybrid nanoflowers, biomolecules used as organic components are simply mixed with metal ions which act as inorganic components to form flower-like nanocomposites, while in the self-assembly process of encapsulating biomolecules in MOFs (biomolecule@MOF composites), the biomolecules just need to be added to the precursor mixtures of MOFs, in which the biomolecules are therefore embedded in MOF crystals with small pores. In this review, we focus on the recent advances of these composites, especially in the synthesis strategies, mechanism and applications in biosensors, biomedicine, pollutant disposal, and industrial biocatalysis, and future perspectives are discussed as well.

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