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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(19)2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639038

RESUMO

Chokecherry (Padus virginiana L.) is an important landscaping tree with high ornamental value because of its colorful purplish-red leaves (PRL). The quantifications of anthocyanins and the mechanisms of leaf color change in this species remain unknown. The potential biosynthetic and regulatory mechanisms and the accumulation patterns of anthocyanins in P. virginiana that determine three leaf colors were investigated by combined analysis of the transcriptome and the metabolome. The difference of chlorophyll, carotenoid and anthocyanin content correlated with the formation of P. virginiana leaf color. Using enrichment and correlation network analysis, we found that anthocyanin accumulation differed in different colored leaves and that the accumulation of malvidin 3-O-glucoside (violet) and pelargonidin 3-O-glucoside (orange-red) significantly correlated with the leaf color change from green to purple-red. The flavonoid biosynthesis genes (PAL, CHS and CHI) and their transcriptional regulators (MYB, HD-Zip and bHLH) exhibited specific increased expression during the purple-red periods. Two genes encoding enzymes in the anthocyanin biosynthetic pathway, UDP glucose-flavonoid 3-O-glucosyl-transferase (UFGT) and anthocyanidin 3-O-glucosyltransferase (BZ1), seem to be critical for suppressing the formation of the aforesaid anthocyanins. In PRL, the expression of the genes encoding for UGFT and BZ1 enzymes was substantially higher than in leaves of other colors and may be related with the purple-red color change. These results may facilitate genetic modification or selection for further improvement in ornamental qualities of P. virginiana.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34633619

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the context of global climate change, studies have focused on the ambient temperature and mortality of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). However, little is known about the effect of ambient temperature on year of life lost (YLL), especially the life loss per death caused by ambient temperature. In this study, we aimed to assess the relationship between ambient temperature and life loss and estimate the impact of ambient temperature on life loss per death. METHODS: We collected daily time series of mortality and meteorological data from 70 locations in Hunan province, central China, in periods ranging from Jan. 1, 2013, to Dec. 31, 2017. Crude rates of YLL were calculated per 100,000 people per year (YLL/100,000 population) for each location. A distributed lag nonlinear model and multivariate meta-regression were used to estimate the associations between ambient temperature and YLL rates. Then, the average life loss per death attributable to ambient temperature was calculated. RESULTS: There were 711,484 CVD deaths recorded within the study period. The exposure-response curve between ambient temperature and YLL rates was inverted J or U-shaped. Relative to the minimum YLL rate temperature, the life loss risk of extreme cold temperature lasted for 10 to 12 days, whereas the risk of extreme hot temperature appeared immediately and lasted for 3 days. On average, the life loss per death attributable to non-optimum ambient temperatures was 1.89 (95% CI, 1.21-2.56) years. Life loss was mainly caused by cold temperature (1.13, 95% CI, 0.89­1.37), particularly moderate cold (1.00, 95% CI, 0.78­1.23). For demographic characteristics, the mean life loss per death was relatively higher for males (2.07, 95% CI, 1.44­2.68) and younger populations (3.72, 95% CI, 2.06­5.46) than for females (1.88, 95% CI, 1.21-2.57) and elderly people (1.69, 95% CI, 1.28-2.10), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: We found that both cold and hot temperatures significantly aggravated premature death from CVDs. Our results indicated that the whole range of effects of ambient temperature on CVDs should be given attention.

4.
Curr Med Sci ; 41(5): 847-856, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34652631

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether B vitamin treatment was sufficient to reduce cognitive impairment associated with high-fat diets in rats and to modulate transketolase (TK) expression and activity. METHODS: To test this, we separated 50 rats into five groups that were either fed a standard chow diet (controls) or a high-fat diet (experimental groups H0, H1, H2, and H3). H0 group animals received no additional dietary supplementation, while H1 group animals were administered 100 mg/kg body weight (BW) thiamine, 100 mg/kg BW riboflavin, and 250 mg/kg BW niacin each day, and group H2 animals received daily doses of 100 mg/kg BW pyridoxine, 100 mg/kg BW cobalamin, and 5 mg/kg BW folate. Animals in the H3 group received the B vitamin regimens administered to both H1 and H2 each day. RESULTS: Over time, group H0 exhibited greater increases in BW and fat mass relative to other groups. When spatial and memory capabilities in these animals were evaluated via conditioned taste aversion (CTA) and Morris Water Maze (MWM), we found B vitamin treatment was associated with significant improvements relative to untreated H0 controls. Similarly, B vitamin supplementation was associated with elevated TK expression in erythrocytes and hypothalamus of treated animals relative to those in H0 (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Together, these findings suggest B vitamin can modulate hypothalamic TK activity to reduce the severity of cognitive deficits in a rat model of obesity. As such, B vitamin supplementation may be a beneficial method for reducing cognitive dysfunction in clinical settings associated with high-fat diets.

5.
6.
Lancet Reg Health West Pac ; 17: 100282, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34611630

RESUMO

Background: Nonpharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) are public health measures that aim to suppress the transmission of infectious diseases, including border restrictions, quarantine and isolation, community management, social distancing, face mask usage, and personal hygiene. This research aimed to assess the co-benefits of NPIs against COVID-19 on notifiable infectious diseases (NIDs) in Guangdong Province, China. Methods: Based on NID data from the Notifiable Infectious Diseases Surveillance System in Guangdong, we first compared the incidence of NIDs during the emergency response period (weeks 4-53 of 2020) with those in the same period of 2015-2019 and then compared that with the expected incidence during the synchronous period of 2020 for each city by using a Bayesian structural time series model. Findings: A total of 514,341 cases of 39 types of NIDs were reported in Guangdong during the emergency response period in 2020, which decreased by 50·7% compared with the synchronous period during 2015-2019. It was estimated that the number of 39 NIDs during the emergency response in 2020 was 65·6% (95% credible interval [CI]: 64·0% - 68·2%) lower than expected, which means that 982,356 (95% CI: 913,443 - 1,105,170) cases were averted. The largest reduction (82·1%) was found for children aged 0-14 years. For different categories of NIDs, natural focal diseases and insect-borne infectious diseases had the greatest reduction (89·4%), followed by respiratory infectious diseases (87·4%), intestinal infectious diseases (59·4%), and blood-borne and sexually transmitted infections (18·2%). Dengue, influenza, and hand-foot-and-mouth disease were reduced by 99·3%, 95·1%, and 76·2%, respectively. Larger reductions were found in the regions with developed economies and a higher number of COVID-19 cases. Interpretation: NPIs against COVID-19 may have a large co-benefit on the prevention of other infectious diseases in Guangdong, China, and the effects have heterogeneity in populations, diseases, time and space. Funding: Key-Area Research and Development Program of Guangdong Province.

7.
Environ Pollut ; : 118392, 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34678392

RESUMO

The short-term effects of ambient temperature on mortality have been widely investigated. However, the epidemiological evidence on the long-term effects of temperature on mortality is rare. In present study, we conducted a nationwide quasi-experimental design, which based on a variant of difference-in-differences (DID) approach, to examine the association between long-term exposure to ambient temperature and mortality risk in China, and to analyze the effect modification of population characteristics and socioeconomic status. Data on mortality were collected from 364 communities across China during 2006-2017, and environmental data were obtained for the same period. We estimated a 2.93 % (95 % CI: 2.68 %, 3.18 %) increase in mortality risk per 1 °C decreases in annual temperature, the greater effects were observed on respiratory diseases (5.16 %, 95 % CI: 4.53 %, 5.79 %) than cardiovascular diseases (3.43 %, 95 % CI: 3.06 %, 3.80 %), and on younger people (4.21 %, 95 % CI: 3.73 %, 4.68 %) than the elderly (2.36 %, 95 % CI: 2.06 %, 2.65 %). In seasonal analysis, per 1 °C decreases in average temperature was associated with 1.55 % (95 % CI: 1.23 %, 1.87 %), -0.53 % (95 % CI: -0.89 %, -0.16 %), 2.88 % (95 % CI: 2.45 %, 3.31 %) and 4.21 % (95 % CI: 3.98 %, 4.43 %) mortality change in spring, summer, autumn and winter, respectively. The effects of long-term temperature on total mortality were more pronounced among the communities with low urbanization, low education attainment, and low GDP per capita. In total, the decrease of average temperature in summer decreased mortality risk, while increased mortality risk in other seasons, and the associations were modified by demographic characteristics and socioeconomic status. Our findings suggest that populations with disadvantaged characteristics and socioeconomic status are vulnerable to long-term exposure of temperature, and targeted policies should be formulated to strengthen the response to the health threats of temperature exposure.

8.
Mikrochim Acta ; 188(10): 330, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498123

RESUMO

Tunable multicolor carbon dots (CDs) with a quantum yield reach up to 35% were generated directly from rhodamine and urea via one-step hydrothermal approach and purified through silica gel column chromatography. Transmission electron microscopy images reveal that the as-prepared CDs possess a small size distribution below 10 nm with bright blue, green, and yellow color emission, designated as b-CDs, g-CDs, and y-CDs, respectively. The in-depth investigations reveal that the multicolor emission CDs with different fraction displays fluorescence emission wavelength ranges from 398 nm (b-CDs), 525 nm (g-CDs), to 553 nm (y-CDs) which could be well modulated by controlling the amount of heteroatom nitrogen especially amino nitrogen onto their surface structures. Further experiments verify the important role of nitrogen content by using rhodamine solely or substituting urea with sulfur containing compounds as precursors to produce corresponding CDs since the performance is lower than that of urea incorporation. Theoretical calculation results also reveal that the increasing amount of amino nitrogen into their surface structures of b-CDs, g-CDs to y-CDs is responsible for reduced band gaps energy, which result in the redshifted wavelength. Benefiting from the excellent photoluminescence properties, wide pH variation range, high photo stability, and low toxicity, these CDs were employed for HClO sensing at 553 nm within the range 5 to 140 µM with a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.27 ± 0.025 µM (n = 3) and multicolor cellular imaging in HeLa cells. Tunable multicolor carbon dots (CDs) were generated directly from rhodamine and urea via one-step hydrothermal approach and purified through silica gel column chromatography. The as-prepared CDs exhibit bright blue, green, and yellow color emission which could be well modulated by controlling the increasing incorporation of heteroatom nitrogen especially amino nitrogen into their surface structures. These CDs were employed for HClO sensing and demonstrated to multicolor cellular imaging in HeLa cells.

9.
Innovation (N Y) ; 2(1): 100072, 2021 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34557729

RESUMO

Although numerous studies have investigated premature deaths attributable to temperature, effects of temperature on years of life lost (YLL) remain unclear. We estimated the relationship between temperatures and YLL, and quantified the YLL per death caused by temperature in China. We collected daily meteorological and mortality data, and calculated the daily YLL values for 364 locations (2013-2017 in Yunnan, Guangdong, Hunan, Zhejiang, and Jilin provinces, and 2006-2011 in other locations) in China. A time-series design with a distributed lag nonlinear model was first employed to estimate the location-specific associations between temperature and YLL rates (YLL/100,000 population), and a multivariate meta-analysis model was used to pool location-specific associations. Then, YLL per death caused by temperatures was calculated. The temperature and YLL rates consistently showed U-shaped associations. A mean of 1.02 (95% confidence interval: 0.67, 1.37) YLL per death was attributable to temperature. Cold temperature caused 0.98 YLL per death with most from moderate cold (0.84). The mean YLL per death was higher in those with cardiovascular diseases (1.14), males (1.15), younger age categories (1.31 in people aged 65-74 years), and in central China (1.34) than in those with respiratory diseases (0.47), females (0.87), older people (0.85 in people ≥75 years old), and northern China (0.64) or southern China (1.19). The mortality burden was modified by annual temperature and temperature variability, relative humidity, latitude, longitude, altitude, education attainment, and central heating use. Temperatures caused substantial YLL per death in China, which was modified by demographic and regional characteristics.

10.
J Dig Dis ; 2021 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482631

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To perform a meta-analysis that investigates the prevalence and seroprevalence of celiac disease (CD) in Chinese general population and high-risk populations, and to summarize data from a serological survey of high-risk populations in Guangdong, China. METHODS: We collected data from the serological survey of high-risk populations in Guangdong, China (n = 1390) by testing serum tissue transglutaminase immunoglobulin A (tTG-IgA), deamidated gliadin peptides immunoglobulin A (DGP-IgA) and deamidated gliadin peptides immunoglobulin G (DGP-IgG), and also searched Medline, PubMed, Embase, Cochrane and 3 Chinese databases up to December 20, 2020 to estimate the pooled prevalence and seroprevalence of CD in China. RESULTS: In the serological survey, 0.94% (13/1390) individuals were positive for CD antibodies. In a meta-analysis of 18 studies, the seroprevalence of CD in Chinese general population was 0.27% (95% CI, 0.02-0.71). The seroprevalence of CD in Chinese high-risk populations was 8.34% (95% CI, 4.90-12.54), significantly higher than that in general population (OR 7.27, 95% CI, 4.06-13.04). The prevalence of biopsied-proven CD in high-risk Chinese populations was 4.44% (95% CI, 1.53-8.58). The seroprevalence of CD was varying with geographic origin, higher in Northern China than that in Southern China. CONCLUSIONS: The basis for diagnosis of CD in Chinese patients should be through early case-finding by serological screening in high-risk groups; generous serological testing in patients with vague symptoms, especially in Northern Chinese.

11.
Environ Int ; 158: 106892, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34583096

RESUMO

It has been widely recognised that the threats to human health from global environmental changes (GECs) are increasing in the Anthropocene epoch, and urgent actions are required to tackle these pressing challenges. A scoping review was conducted to provide an overview of the nine planetary boundaries and the threats to population health posed by human activities that are exceeding these boundaries in the Anthropocene. The research progress and key knowledge gaps were identified in this emerging field. Over the past three decades, there has been a great deal of research progress on health risks from climate change, land-use change and urbanisation, biodiversity loss and other GECs. However, several significant challenges remain, including the misperception of the relationship between human and nature; assessment of the compounding risks of GECs; strategies to reduce and prevent the potential health impacts of GECs; and uncertainties in fulfilling the commitments to the Paris Agreement. Confronting these challenges will require rigorous scientific research that is well-coordinated across different disciplines and various sectors. It is imperative for the international community to work together to develop informed policies to avert crises and ensure a safe and sustainable planet for the present and future generations.

12.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr ; 30(3): 446-456, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587704

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: As an endocrine organ, the mass of skeletal muscle is closely related to human health. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between regional skeletal muscle and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in Chinese elders. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 1,328 participants (579 males and 749 females), aged 65 to 96 years were recruited between March to November 2020 in Qingdao, China. Of these, 400 cases and 400 healthy controls, matched by gender and age (±3 years), were included in the study. Skeletal muscle mass was measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis, and body weight was adopted to standardize skeletal muscle mass to obtain skeletal muscle mass indexes. RESULTS: Inverse associations were observed for trunk muscle mass index (TMI) (OR=0.42; 95% CI: 0.19, 0.93; p for trend=0.083) and leg skeletal muscle mass index (LMI) (OR=0.41; 95% CI: 0.18, 0.97; p for trend=0.012) with NAFLD risk after adjustment for age, body mass index, glucose, total cholesterol, triglyceride, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, dietary intakes of energy, carbohydrate, protein and fat, smoking, alcohol drinking, education and physical activity. Dose-response analysis indicated that per standard deviation increment of LMI was associated with 23% (95%CI: 0.63, 0.95) reduction of NAFLD risk. CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrates that higher TMI and LMI are associated with a lower NAFLD risk.

13.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 774, 2021 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34372792

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The severity of COVID-19 associates with the clinical decision making and the prognosis of COVID-19 patients, therefore, early identification of patients who are likely to develop severe or critical COVID-19 is critical in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to screen severity-associated markers and construct an assessment model for predicting the severity of COVID-19. METHODS: 172 confirmed COVID-19 patients were enrolled from two designated hospitals in Hangzhou, China. Ordinal logistic regression was used to screen severity-associated markers. Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator (LASSO) regression was performed for further feature selection. Assessment models were constructed using logistic regression, ridge regression, support vector machine and random forest. The area under the receiver operator characteristic curve (AUROC) was used to evaluate the performance of different models. Internal validation was performed by using bootstrap with 500 re-sampling in the training set, and external validation was performed in the validation set for the four models, respectively. RESULTS: Age, comorbidity, fever, and 18 laboratory markers were associated with the severity of COVID-19 (all P values < 0.05). By LASSO regression, eight markers were included for the assessment model construction. The ridge regression model had the best performance with AUROCs of 0.930 (95% CI, 0.914-0.943) and 0.827 (95% CI, 0.716-0.921) in the internal and external validations, respectively. A risk score, established based on the ridge regression model, had good discrimination in all patients with an AUROC of 0.897 (95% CI 0.845-0.940), and a well-fitted calibration curve. Using the optimal cutoff value of 71, the sensitivity and specificity were 87.1% and 78.1%, respectively. A web-based assessment system was developed based on the risk score. CONCLUSIONS: Eight clinical markers of lactate dehydrogenase, C-reactive protein, albumin, comorbidity, electrolyte disturbance, coagulation function, eosinophil and lymphocyte counts were associated with the severity of COVID-19. An assessment model constructed with these eight markers would help the clinician to evaluate the likelihood of developing severity of COVID-19 at admission and early take measures on clinical treatment.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Biomarcadores , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , SARS-CoV-2
14.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 9(7)2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358166

RESUMO

Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) is a mosquito-borne zoonotic pathogen that causes periodic outbreaks of abortion in ruminant species and hemorrhagic disease in humans in sub-Saharan Africa. These outbreaks have a significant impact on veterinary and public health. Its introduction to the Arabian Peninsula in 2003 raised concerns of further spread of this transboundary pathogen to non-endemic areas. These concerns are supported by the presence of competent vectors in many non-endemic countries. There is no licensed RVF vaccine available for humans and only a conditionally licensed veterinary vaccine available in the United States. Currently employed modified live attenuated virus vaccines in endemic countries lack the ability for differentiating infected from vaccinated animals (DIVA). Previously, the efficacy of a recombinant subunit vaccine based on the RVFV Gn and Gc glycoproteins, derived from the 1977 human RVFV isolate ZH548, was demonstrated in sheep. In the current study, cattle were vaccinated subcutaneously with the Gn only, or Gn and Gc combined, with either one or two doses of the vaccine and then subjected to heterologous virus challenge with the virulent Kenya-128B-15 RVFV strain, isolated from Aedes mosquitoes in 2006. The elicited immune responses by some vaccine formulations (one or two vaccinations) conferred complete protection from RVF within 35 days after the first vaccination. Vaccines given 35 days prior to RVFV challenge prevented viremia, fever and RVFV-associated histopathological lesions. This study indicates that a recombinant RVFV glycoprotein-based subunit vaccine platform is able to prevent and control RVFV infections in target animals.

15.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 1534, 2021 08 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380442

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There existed evidence that type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) prevalence and control rate have seasonal variation. Our study aimed to examine the ambient temperature and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) association and estimate temperature-adjusted T2DM prevalence and control rate. METHODS: Four cross-sectional health surveys with 26,350 respondents were conducted in Guangdong Province from 2007 to 2015. Multistage cluster sampling was used to recruit study participants. The data of demographic characteristics, lifestyle factors, diet and use of hypoglycemic medicine, height, weight, FPG and meteorological information were collected. And an inverse distance-weighted method was employed to estimate daily temperature exposures at the individual' s residential district/county. Base on World Health Organization 2006 criteria, participants were divided into normal fasting glucose (NFG) participants (n = 23,877), known T2DM patients (n = 916) and newly detected T2DM patients (n = 1557). Generalized additive mixed model was employed to evaluate the nonlinear associations between temperature and FPG among different T2DM subgroups. The T2DM prevalence and control rate were estimated based on temperature-FPG association. RESULTS: The curves of temperature and FPG were downward parabola for total, NFG and known T2DM groups, while it was "U"-shaped for newly detected T2DM patients. When temperature decreased from 30 °C to 4 °C, the FPG significantly increased 0.24 (95%CI: 0.15, 0.33) mmol/L, 0.10 (95%CI: 0.06, 0.14) mmol/L and 1.34 (95%CI: 0.56, 2.12) mmol/L in total, NFG and known T2DM groups, respectively. Compared to 19 °C, newly detected T2DM patients' FPGs were increased 0.73 (95%CI: 0.13, 1.30) mmol/L at 4 °C and 0.53 (0.00, 1.07) mmol/L at 30 °C. The model-estimated temperature-adjusted T2DM prevalence had a down and up trend, with 9.7% at 5 °C, 8.9% at 20 °C and 9.4% at 30 °C, respectively. At 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 °C, the model-estimated temperature-adjusted T2DM control rates were 33.2, 35.4, 38.2, 43.6, 49.1 and 55.2%. CONCLUSION: Temperature was negatively associated with FPG for NFG and known T2DM subgroups, while their association was U-shape for newly detected T2DM patients. Hence, the temperature-adjusted T2DM prevalence show a dip/peak pattern and T2DM control rate display a rising trend when temperature increase. Our findings suggest temperature should be considered in T2DM clinic management and epidemiological survey.


Assuntos
Glicemia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Jejum , Humanos , Prevalência , Temperatura
16.
Hypertens Res ; 2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34462604

RESUMO

Glucocorticoid-remediable aldosteronism (GRA) is an autosomal-dominant inherited aldosteronism that is often accompanied by early-onset hypertension. GRA is caused by the unequal crossover of the 11ß-hydroxylase (CYP11B1) and aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) genes. As a result of chimeric gene duplication, aldosterone is ectopically synthesized in the adrenal zona fasciculata under the control of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). Here, we describe a Chinese pedigree with three affected subjects. Both the uncle and nephew were hospitalized in our hospital due to early-onset hypertension (onset <20 years old) and were diagnosed with primary aldosteronism (PA). Their laboratory test results revealed hyperaldosteronism, hyporeninemia, a high plasma aldosterone to renin (ARR) ratio, and normal serum potassium (K+). Captopril failed to suppress aldosterone secretion. This family had a strong paternal history of hypertension. Thirteen members underwent gene testing, and three of them were found to be GRA positive. Through long-extension PCR (XL-PCR) and direct sequencing, we identified the CYP11B1/CYP11B2 chimeric gene, and with unequal crossover breakpoints located between intron 2 of CYP11B1 and exon 3 of CYP11B2 in the three patients. Low-dose dexamethasone was effective. This is the first family report of GRA in northern China. Moreover, a case of GRA combined with a CACNA1H gene mutation is reported for the first time. We found that dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers (CCBs) combined with aldosterone receptor antagonists exerted good therapeutic effects in controlling blood pressure in GRA patients for whom glucocorticoid therapy was not an option.

17.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(14): 1124, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34430565

RESUMO

Background: Mid-aortic syndrome (MAS) may induce changes in cardiac structure among patients with Takayasu arteritis (TA). Methods: Consecutive adult patients with TA (January 1, 2011 to January 1, 2018) were enrolled and their data was retrospectively analyzed. Results: Patients were divided into MAS group (100/457 patients, 21.8%) and non-MAS group (357, 78.1%). The left ventricular mass index (LVMI) was higher in the MAS group than the non-MAS (113.78±26.82 versus 100.74±23.66 g/m2, respectively; P<0.001). The MAS group showed higher prevalence than the non-MAS group of mild-to-severe mitral regurgitation (9.0% and 3.9%, respectively; P=0.040) and aortic regurgitation (26% and 14.8%, respectively; P=0.003). No difference was found in the rates of heart failure (27.0% and 19.9% for MAS and non-MAS, respectively; P=0.126). The MAS group also showed lower estimated glomerular filtration rates than the non-MAS group (89.93±18.89 versus 96.16±21.60 mL/min/1.73 m2, respectively; P=0.009) and higher prevalence of renal artery stenosis (57% versus 43.7%; P=0.018). MAS was independently related to greater LVMI in both unadjusted model [ß=12.60; 95% confidence interval (CI): 7.09-18.11; P<0.001] and the model adjusted for multiple indices (ß=9.91; 95% CI: 4.57-15.25; P<0.001) in multivariate linear analysis. The LVMI significantly decreased from 111.49±25.65 to 100.36±22.91 g/m2 (P<0.001) among 55 patients who underwent successful revascularization treatment for MAS, while no significant difference (P=0.635) was observed among patients treated with medicine alone. Conclusions: TA-induced MAS is a potential independent risk factor for increased LVMI, and revascularization therapy for MAS is effective in reversing structural changes in the heart.

18.
Opt Lett ; 46(16): 3969-3972, 2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388787

RESUMO

A number of applications require x rays of both high flux and narrow bandwidth. In this work, we experimentally demonstrate the high-efficiency generation of narrowband soft x rays from carbon nanotube foams irradiated by a femtosecond laser pulse at an intensity of 1019W/cm2. The building blocks of the foam, single-walled carbon nanotube bundles with diameters smaller than the laser skin length can be volumetrically heated and fully ionized on a femtosecond time scale. The three-dimensional network structure of the foam permits deep penetration and drastic absorption of the laser pulse, and results in bright line emissions without prominent Stark broadening. A single-shot yield of 3×1014photons in the carbon Lyα line at 3.37 nm was measured with a bandwidth of 0.013 nm.

19.
Environ Res ; 203: 111834, 2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358501

RESUMO

Age-specific discrepancy of mortality burden attributed to temperature, measured as years of life lost (YLL), has been rarely investigated. We investigated age-specific temperature-YLL rates (per 100,000) relationships and quantified YLL per death caused by non-optimal temperature in China. We collected daily meteorological data, population data and daily death counts from 364 locations in China during 2006-2017. YLL was divided into three age groups (0-64 years, 65-74 years, and ≥75 years). A distributed lag non-linear model was first employed to estimate the associations of temperature with age-specific YLL rates in each location. Then we pooled the associations using a multivariate meta-analysis. Finally, we calculated age-specific average YLL per death caused by temperature by cause of death and region. We observed greater effects of cold and hot temperature on YLL rates for the elderly compared with the young population by region or cause of death. However, YLL per death due to non-optimal temperature for different regions or causes of death decreased with age, with 2.0 (95 % CI:1.5, 2.5), 1.2 (1.1, 1.4) and 1.0 years (0.9, 1.2) life loss per death for populations aged 0-64 years, 65-74 years and over 75 years, respectively. Most life loss per death results from moderate temperature, especially moderate cold for all age groups. The effect of non-optimal temperature on YLL rates is smaller for younger populations than older ones, while the temperature-related life loss per death was more prominent for younger populations.

20.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 6(7): 2079-2081, 2021 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212103

RESUMO

Catalpa fargesii Bur. is endemic to China. Its complete chloroplast genome sequence was firstly reported in this study. The whole chloroplast genome of this species was 157765 bp in length including a pair of inverted repeat (IR, 30252 bp) regions separated by a small single copy (SSC, 12662 bp) and a large single copy (LSC, 84599 bp). The genome consisted of 134 genes, including 89 protein-coding genes, 8 rRNA and 37 tRNA genes. The phylogenetic analysis strongly supported that C. fargesii was closely related to C. fargesii f. duclouxii and C. bungei.

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