Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 735
Filtrar
1.
Chem Soc Rev ; 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34985085

RESUMO

Photoresponsive nucleic acids attract growing interest as functional constituents in materials science. Integration of photoisomerizable units into DNA strands provides an ideal handle for the reversible reconfiguration of nucleic acid architectures by light irradiation, triggering changes in the chemical and structural properties of the nanostructures that can be exploited in the development of photoresponsive functional devices such as machines, origami structures and ion channels, as well as environmentally adaptable 'smart' materials including nanoparticle aggregates and hydrogels. Moreover, photoresponsive DNA components allow control over the composition of dynamic supramolecular ensembles that mimic native networks. Beyond this, the modification of nucleic acids with photosensitizer functionality enables these biopolymers to act as scaffolds for spatial organization of electron transfer reactions mimicking natural photosynthesis. This review provides a comprehensive overview of these exciting developments in the design of photoresponsive DNA materials, and showcases a range of applications in catalysis, sensing and drug delivery/release. The key challenges facing the development of the field in the coming years are addressed, and exciting emergent research directions are identified.

2.
Cell Death Discov ; 8(1): 20, 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35017465

RESUMO

Gastric cancer (GC) is a global health problem and further studies of its molecular mechanisms are needed to identify effective therapeutic targets. Although some long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been found to be involved in the progression of GC, the molecular mechanisms of many GC-related lncRNAs remain unclear. In this study, a series of in vivo and in vitro assays were performed to study the relationship between FAM225A and GC, which showed that FAM225A levels were correlated with poor prognosis in GC. Higher FAM225A expression tended to be correlated with a more profound lymphatic metastasis rate, larger tumor size, and more advanced tumor stage. FAM225A also promoted gastric cell proliferation, invasion, and migration. Further mechanistic investigation showed that FAM225A acted as a miR-326 sponge to upregulate its direct target PADI2 in GC. Overall, our findings indicated that FAM225A promoted GC development and progression via a competitive endogenous RNA network of FAM225A/miR-326/PADI2 in GC, providing insight into possible therapeutic targets and prognosis of GC.

3.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(1): 2023-2028, 2022 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34931515

RESUMO

The high biocompatibility and excellent photostability of Au nanoclusters (AuNCs) make them stand out in the bioimaging of nanoparticles. However, the low quantum yield and inferior targeting ability of water-soluble AuNCs greatly limit their biological applications. In this study, we designed and synthesized multifunctional host polymers PolySC4AP and FGGC@AuNCs to fabricate PolySC4AP/FGGC@AuNC assemblies via a host-guest interaction based on SC4 (sulfonatocalix[4]arene) and positively charged FGGC ligands (phenylalanine-glycine-glycine-cysteine). Owing to the host-guest assembly strategy and rigid polymer matrix, the quantum yield of FGGC@AuNCs was significantly promoted from 7.0 to 35.3%, accompanied by considerable morphological changes of FGGC@AuNCs. Moreover, PolySC4AP/FGGC@AuNCs could monitor the location of mitochondria along with R (Pearson's correlation coefficients) value for the co-localization as high as 0.9605, which provided a novel strategy for targeted bioimaging with luminophore.

4.
Langmuir ; 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34847667

RESUMO

Eye-catching organic room-temperature phosphorescence (RTP) is becoming more and more universal through various strategies, such as crystal engineering, macrocyclic inclusion, host-guest doping, and copolymerization. It is always the pursuit of researchers to prepare high-efficiency RTP materials by the simplest strategy. The doping strategy is one of the most simple and effective strategies and involves mixing phosphor with rigid host material. The principle of the doping RTP system has developed from a conventional rigidity effect of the host through the host-guest interaction. This perspective aims at multifunctional host materials and summarizes the recent development of doping organic RTP systems. Doping systems play more and more important roles in the development of long-afterglow and high-yield RTP materials. The application scenarios of RTP are becoming wider and wider.

5.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 11919-11925, 2021 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34878790

RESUMO

A strategy involving the effect of the local constraint on junctions for doping-induced phosphorescence was proposed to increase the rigidity of hydrogen-bonded polymer to inhibit the nonradiative decay of the organic phosphorescent dyes and was verified by bromophenol blue (BPB) derivatives as the near-infrared (NIR) phosphorescent dye. It is shown that the effect of local constraints on junctions of ß-cyclodextrin in the poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA-LCPN) matrix can effectively improve the quantum yields of NIR phosphorescence of BPB derivatives. On the basis of the verification and optimization of the system through response surface analysis, the quantum yield of TBPB@PVA-LCPN film based on NIR emission could be increased up to 77% compared with that of TBPB@PVA, reaching 5.3%, and the quantum yield in the NIR region could be improved to 3.6%. The results of response surface analysis are consistent with the phenomenon of our proposed strategy, which can inspire the production of organic materials with NIR RTP emission. Together, this could inform efficient and cheap strategies for increasing the quantum yield of the doping RTP materials.

6.
Chemistry ; 2021 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34882851

RESUMO

Taking advantages of the impressing behaviors of room-temperature phosphorescence (RTP), the explorations in RTP materials are not only limited to efficient emission and ultralong lifetime of phosphorescence. The discovery and creation of stimuli-responsive properties have become the major pursuit, which will lay a solid foundation for future applications in RTP materials. Based on this, a review centered on recent progress of stimuli-responsive RTP materials is summarized to show frontier development in polymer systems. Different kinds of stimuli-responsive factors including light, oxygen, temperature, mechanical force and pH regulations are investigated in this review. Many potential applications and promising strategies are deeply discussed with the hope to assist future studies in this area.

7.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 742114, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34899630

RESUMO

Aeromonas veronii (A. veronii) is a zoonotic pathogen. It causes clinically a variety of diseases such as dysentery, bacteremia, and meningitis, and brings huge losses to aquaculture. A. veronii has been documented as a multiple antibiotic resistant bacterium. Hfq (host factor for RNA bacteriophage Qß replication) participates in the regulations of the virulence, adhesion, and nitrogen fixation, effecting on the growth, metabolism synthesis and stress resistance in bacteria. The deletion of hfq gene in A. veronii showed more sensitivity to trimethoprim, accompanying by the upregulations of purine metabolic genes and downregulations of efflux pump genes by transcriptomic data analysis. Coherently, the complementation of efflux pump-related genes acrA and acrB recovered the trimethoprim resistance in Δhfq. Besides, the accumulations of adenosine and guanosine were increased in Δhfq in metabonomic data. The strain Δhfq conferred more sensitive to trimethoprim after appending 1 mM guanosine to M9 medium, while wild type was not altered. These results demonstrated that Hfq mediated trimethoprim resistance by elevating efflux pump expression and degrading adenosine, and guanosine metabolites. Collectively, Hfq is a potential target to tackle trimethoprim resistance in A. veronii infection.

8.
Acta Pharm Sin B ; 11(11): 3608-3621, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34900540

RESUMO

Drug transportation is impeded by various barriers in the hypoxic solid tumor, resulting in compromised anticancer efficacy. Herein, a solid lipid monostearin (MS)-coated CaO2/MnO2 nanocarrier was designed to optimize doxorubicin (DOX) transportation comprehensively for chemotherapy enhancement. The MS shell of nanoparticles could be destroyed selectively by highly-expressed lipase within cancer cells, exposing water-sensitive cores to release DOX and produce O2. After the cancer cell death, the core-exposed nanoparticles could be further liberated and continue to react with water in the tumor extracellular matrix (ECM) and thoroughly release O2 and DOX, which exhibited cytotoxicity to neighboring cells. Small DOX molecules could readily diffuse through ECM, in which the collagen deposition was decreased by O2-mediated hypoxia-inducible factor-1 inhibition, leading to synergistically improved drug penetration. Concurrently, DOX-efflux-associated P-glycoprotein was also inhibited by O2, prolonging drug retention in cancer cells. Overall, the DOX transporting processes from nanoparticles to deep tumor cells including drug release, penetration, and retention were optimized comprehensively, which significantly boosted antitumor benefits.

9.
ACS Omega ; 6(48): 32508-32516, 2021 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34901600

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In this study, we developed a novel risk score named the blood routine test parameters (BRTP) score to predict the clinical outcomes in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients who had undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: There were 6049 patients with CAD after PCI enrolled in CORFCHD-PCI from January 2008 to December 2016. We divided these patients into two groups according to diabetes (diabetic group, n = 3809, and nondiabetic group, n = 2240). During a follow-up time of 35.9 ± 22.6 months, we compared the incidences of all-cause mortality (ACM) and cardiac mortality (CM), which were assigned as the primary outcomes between patients with a high BRTP score (≥5 points) and those with a low BRTP score (<5 points). RESULTS: We found that the BRTP score independently predicted the risk for ACM and CM in both diabetic patients [ACM, hazard risk (HR) = 1.748 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.186-2.575), P = 0.005; CM, HR = 1.728 (95% CI: 1.120-2.667), P = 0.014] and nondiabetic patients [ACM, HR = 1.682 (95% CI: 1.208-2.340), P = 0.002; CM, HR = 1.718 (95% CI: 1.188-2.484), P = 0.004]. However, the BRTP score was found to be an independent predictor for major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event (MACCE) in diabetic patients [MACE, HR = 1.366 (95% CI: 1.076-1.734), P = 0.010; MACCE, HR = 1.330 (95% CI: 1.035-1.710), P = 0.026] but not in nondiabetic patients [MACE, HR = 1.241 (95% CI: 0.994-1.549), P = 0.056; MACCE, HR = 1.238 (95% CI: 0.981-1.562), P = 0.072]. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that the BRTP score is an independent and novel predictor of mortality in CAD patients who had undergone PCI, especially in patients with comorbidity of diabetes. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR-ROC-16010153. Registered 14, December, 2016.

10.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202115748, 2021 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34902202

RESUMO

In this work, a universal strategy for solid, solution, or gel state organic persistent luminescent materials via radiative energy transfer is proposed. The persistent luminescence (τ>0.7 s) could be remotely regulated between different colors by controlling the isomerization of the energy acceptor. The function relies on the simple radiative energy transfer (reabsorption) mechanism, rather than the complicated communication between the excited state of the molecules such as Förster resonance energy transfer or Dexter energy transfer. And the "apparent lifetime" for the energy acceptor is the same as the lifetime of the energy donor, which was different with a traditional radiative energy transfer process. The simple working principle endows this strategy with huge universality, flexibility, and operability. This work offers a simple, feasible, and universal way to construct various persistent luminescent materials in solid, solution, and gel states.

11.
Med Image Anal ; 76: 102313, 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34911012

RESUMO

In recent years, deep learning technology has shown superior performance in different fields of medical image analysis. Some deep learning architectures have been proposed and used for computational pathology classification, segmentation, and detection tasks. Due to their simple, modular structure, most downstream applications still use ResNet and its variants as the backbone network. This paper proposes a modular group attention block that can capture feature dependencies in medical images in two independent dimensions: channel and space. By stacking these group attention blocks in ResNet-style, we obtain a new ResNet variant called ResGANet. The stacked ResGANet architecture has 1.51-3.47 times fewer parameters than the original ResNet and can be directly used for downstream medical image segmentation tasks. Many experiments show that the proposed ResGANet is superior to state-of-the-art backbone models in medical image classification tasks. Applying it to different segmentation networks can improve the baseline model in medical image segmentation tasks without changing the network architecture. We hope that this work provides a promising method for enhancing the feature representation of convolutional neural networks (CNNs) in the future.

12.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 230: 113105, 2021 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34954678

RESUMO

Simazine is a triazine pesticides that typically detected in ground water and soil, and can reportedly affect reproductive health in humans and animals. However, the effect of simazine on female germ cell development remains unclear. In the present study, we observed that simazine exposure decreased oocyte maturation competence and embryonic developmental capacity. Importantly, simazine exposure disrupted microtubule stability and actin polymerization, resulting in failure of spindle assembly and migration. In addition, simazine exposure impaired mitochondrial function and cytosolic Ca2+ homeostasis in both oocyte and 2-cell embryos, thus increasing the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Moreover, simazine exposure induced DNA damage and early apoptosis during oocyte maturation. Collectively, our results demonstrate that simazine exposure-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis are major causes of poor oocytes quality.

13.
Asian J Surg ; 2021 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34930653

RESUMO

As the number of fusion levels increases, the complexity of spinal correction surgery also increases. Thus, we conducted this study to determine the safety and efficacy of tranexamic acid (TXA) involving eight or more spinal fusion levels. According to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) and Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) guidelines, a search of the PubMed, Embase, CENTRAL, Web of Science, and ClinicalTrials.gov databases was conducted for relevant studies published prior to May 30, 2019. The primary outcomes, including blood loss and transfusion requirement, and the secondary outcomes, including general indices, postoperative hemoglobin, and coagulation function, were analyzed using Rev Man 5.3.5 software and STATA version 12.0. Eight randomized controlled trials (473 participants) were included in the study. Compared to the control treatments, TXA reduced intraoperative blood loss, total blood loss, transfusion volume, and prothrombin time. There were no significant differences between the TXA and non-TXA groups in transfusion rate, operative time, hospital stay, complications, hemoglobin level, and other coagulation function parameters. In the pediatric subgroup analysis, TXA additionally improved hemoglobin levels, platelet count, and prothrombin time international normalized ratio. The present meta-analysis showed that TXA reduced blood loss and transfusion volume in both adults and children. In pediatric patients, TXA led to a greater benefit in postoperative hemoglobin levels and coagulation function. Intravenous TXA is safe and effective in children with eight or more spinal corrective levels.

14.
Neuroendocrinology ; 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34847556

RESUMO

Background Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common reproductive and metabolic disorder characterized by high androgen levels. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of hyperandrogenism on the hypothalamus, and subsequently on the food intake and obesity in females. Methods A dihydroxy testosterone (DHT)-induced rat model was established to recapitulate the hyperandrogenism features of PCOS patients. Body weight and food intake of the rats were recorded. The food intake of DHT-induced rats was restricted by pair feeding to exclude possible effects of weight gain on the hypothalamus. The expression levels of relevant proteins and mRNAs in the hypothalamus, primary hypothalamic neurons exposed to DHT were analyzed by Western blotting and RT-PCR respectively. The leptin levels in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were measured, and leptin was injected via the intracerebroventricular (ICV) route to test the leptin sensitivity of hypothalamus. Results The excessive pre-puberty androgen levels in the DHT-induced rats markedly elevated food intake prior to weight gain. Consistent with this, the expression of NPY and Agouti-related peptide (Agrp) mRNAs were up-regulated, which occurred prior to obesity and even with restricted food intake. In addition, the hypothalamic sensitivity to insulin and leptin was also impaired in the DHT-induced rats before obesity and with restricted food intake. DHT significantly reduced the leptin levels in the CSF, and ICV injection of leptin inhibited the DHT-induced increase in food intake. Conclusions Androgen excess increased food intake in rats and promoted obesity by down-regulating insulin and leptin signaling in the hypothalamus, most likely by suppressing leptin levels in the CSF.

15.
Elife ; 102021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34787079

RESUMO

Functional interactions between G protein-coupled receptors are poised to enhance neuronal sensitivity to neuromodulators and therapeutic drugs. Mu and Delta opioid receptors (MORs and DORs) can interact when overexpressed in the same cells, but whether co-expression of endogenous MORs and DORs in neurons leads to functional interactions is unclear. Here, in mice, we show that both MORs and DORs inhibit parvalbumin-expressing basket cells (PV-BCs) in hippocampal CA1 through partially occlusive signaling pathways that terminate on somato-dendritic potassium channels and presynaptic calcium channels. Using photoactivatable opioid neuropeptides, we find that DORs dominate the response to enkephalin in terms of both ligand-sensitivity and kinetics, which may be due to relatively low expression levels of MOR. Opioid-activated potassium channels do not show heterologous desensitization, indicating that MORs and DORs signal independently. In a direct test for heteromeric functional interactions, the DOR antagonist TIPP-Psi does not alter the kinetics or potency of either the potassium channel or synaptic responses to photorelease of the MOR agonist DAMGO. Thus, aside from largely redundant and convergent signaling, MORs and DORs do not functionally interact in PV-BCs in a way that impacts somato-dendritic potassium currents or synaptic transmission. These findings imply that crosstalk between MORs and DORs, either in the form of physical interactions or synergistic intracellular signaling, is not a preordained outcome of co-expression in neurons.

16.
N Engl J Med ; 385(22): 2047-2058, 2021 11 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34818479

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Embryo selection with preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A) may improve pregnancy outcomes after initial embryo transfer. However, it remains uncertain whether PGT-A improves the cumulative live-birth rate as compared with conventional in vitro fertilization (IVF). METHODS: In this multicenter, randomized, controlled trial, we randomly assigned subfertile women with three or more good-quality blastocysts to undergo either PGT-A or conventional IVF; all the women were between 20 and 37 years of age. Three blastocysts were screened by next-generation sequencing in the PGT-A group or were chosen by morphologic criteria in the conventional-IVF group and then were successively transferred one by one. The primary outcome was the cumulative live-birth rate after up to three embryo-transfer procedures within 1 year after randomization. We hypothesized that the use of PGT-A would result in a cumulative live-birth rate that was no more than 7 percentage points higher than the rate after conventional IVF, which would constitute the noninferiority margin for conventional IVF as compared with PGT-A. RESULTS: A total of 1212 patients underwent randomization, and 606 were assigned to each trial group. Live births occurred in 468 women (77.2%) in the PGT-A group and in 496 (81.8%) in the conventional-IVF group (absolute difference, -4.6 percentage points; 95% confidence interval [CI], -9.2 to -0.0; P<0.001). The cumulative frequency of clinical pregnancy loss was 8.7% and 12.6%, respectively (absolute difference, -3.9 percentage points; 95% CI, -7.5 to -0.2). The incidences of obstetrical or neonatal complications and other adverse events were similar in the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Among women with three or more good-quality blastocysts, conventional IVF resulted in a cumulative live-birth rate that was noninferior to the rate with PGT-A. (Funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China and others; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT03118141.).

17.
FASEB J ; 35(12): e22058, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34820908

RESUMO

Subretinal fibrosis is a key pathological feature in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). Previously, we identified soluble very low-density lipoprotein receptor (sVLDLR) as an endogenous Wnt signaling inhibitor. This study investigates whether sVLDLR plays an anti-fibrogenic role in nAMD models, including Vldlr-/- mice and laser-induced choroidal neovascularization (CNV). We found that fibrosis factors including P-Smad2/3, α-SMA, and CTGF were upregulated in the subretinal area of Vldlr-/- mice and the laser-induced CNV model. The antibody blocking Wnt co-receptor LRP6 significantly attenuated the overexpression of fibrotic factors in these two models. Moreover, there was a significant reduction of sVLDLR in the interphotoreceptor matrix (IPM) in the laser-induced CNV model. A transgenic strain (sVLDLR-Tg) with sVLDLR overexpression in the IPM was generated. Overexpression of sVLDLR ameliorated the profibrotic changes in the subretinal area of the laser-induced CNV model. In addition, Wnt and TGF-ß signaling synergistically promoted fibrogenesis in human primary retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells. CRISPR/Cas9-mediated LRP6 gene knockout (KO) attenuated this synergistic effect. The disruption of VLDLR expression promoted, while the overexpression of sVLDLR inhibited TGF-ß-induced fibrosis. These findings suggest that overactivated Wnt signaling enhances the TGF-ß pathway in subretinal fibrosis. sVLDLR confers an antifibrotic effect, at least partially, through the inhibition of Wnt signaling and thus, has therapeutic potential for fibrosis.

18.
Nat Chem Biol ; 17(12): 1271-1280, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34799735

RESUMO

Oxysterols (OHCs) are hydroxylated cholesterol metabolites that play ubiquitous roles in health and disease. Due to the non-covalent nature of their interactions and their unique partitioning in membranes, the analysis of live-cell, proteome-wide interactions of OHCs remains an unmet challenge. Here, we present a structurally precise chemoproteomics probe for the biologically active molecule 20(S)-hydroxycholesterol (20(S)-OHC) and provide a map of its proteome-wide targets in the membranes of living cells. Our target catalog consolidates diverse OHC ontologies and demonstrates that OHC-interacting proteins cluster with specific processes in immune response and cancer. Competition experiments reveal that 20(S)-OHC is a chemo-, regio- and stereoselective ligand for the protein transmembrane protein 97 (Tmem97/the σ2 receptor), enabling us to reconstruct the 20(S)-OHC-Tmem97 binding site. Our results demonstrate that multiplexed, quantitative analysis of cellular target engagement can expose new dimensions of metabolite activity and identify actionable targets for molecular therapy.

19.
DNA Cell Biol ; 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34813368

RESUMO

A strong rhizome can enhance the ability of a plant to resist drought, low temperature, and other stresses, as it can help plants rapidly obtain water and nutrients. Poa pratensis var. anceps Gaud. cv. Qinghai (QH) is a variant of P. pratensis that is widely distributed in natural grasslands above 3000 m above sea level on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. It forms turf easily and has strong soil-fixing ability due to its well-developed rhizomes. Understanding the molecular mechanism of rhizome development in this species is essential for cultivating new varieties of rhizome-type pasture for ecological protection. To clarify the transcriptional regulatory changes in different parts of the rhizome, we analyzed three different rhizome parts (rhizome buds, rhizome nodes, and rhizome internodes) of QH and weak-rhizome wild P. pratensis material (SN) using RNA sequencing. A total of 3806 genes were specifically expressed in Q_B, 1104 genes were specifically expressed in Q_N, and 1181 genes were specifically expressed in Q_I. Analysis showed that MYB, B3, NAC, BBR-BPC, AP2 MIKC_MADS, BSE1, and C2H2 may be key transcription factors regulating rhizome development. These genes interacted with multiple functional genes related to carbohydrate, secondary metabolism, and signal transduction, thus ensuring the normal development of the rhizomes. In particular, SUS (sucrose synthase) [EC:2.4.1.13] is specifically expressed in Q_I, which may be an inducing factor for the production of new plants from Q_B and Q_N. Additionally, PYL, PP2C, and SNRK2, which are involved in the abscisic acid signaling pathway, were differentially expressed in Q_N. In addition, genes related to protein modification and degradation, such as CIPKs, MAPKs, E2, and E3 ubiquitin ligases, were also involved in rhizome development. This study laid a foundation for further functional genomics studies on rhizome development in P. pratensis.

20.
Psychiatry Res ; 306: 114229, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749225

RESUMO

Major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) are frequently comorbid with each other, and both associated with substantial cognitive impairments; however, it is still unclear whether their impairments are neurobiologically similar or distinct. This study aims to investigate the cognitive functions of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) in patients with MDD and GAD during the verbal fluency task (VFT) using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). Fifty-two patients with MDD, fifty-one patients with GAD, fifty-two patients with the comorbidity of MDD and GAD (CMG), and forty-seven healthy controls (HC) participated in the study. Significant hypoactivation in the left ventrolateral and the left dorsolateral PFC was common in all patient groups when compared to HCs, suggesting a shared etiology. Furthermore,  MDD patients showed significant hypoactivation at the right frontal pole cortex (FPoC) when compared to HCs and significant hypoactivation at the middle FPoC when compared to the CMG patients. Our work is the first fNIRS study to reveal the shared and unique neurobiological profiles of MDD, GAD and their comorbidity under the same standard experimentation condition, suggesting fNIRS holds promise as an adjutant to assist clinical diagnosis.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...