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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 383: 121132, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31518813

RESUMO

To investigate the effect of salinity (1% sodium chloride) on anaerobic microbial community structure in high strength telephthalic wastewater treatment system, the performances of anaerobic-aerobic process and the shifts of microbial community in anaerobic tank were studied and determined. Results showed that the chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal in the whole process remained above 90%. And the effluent concentrations of targeted pollutants were lower than 10 mg/L, other than para-toluic acid (PT, 38.09 mg/L). However, methane production significantly decreased compared to no salinity situation. This might be due to the inhibition of salinity on methanogens, which hindered the conversion of acetate to methane. Furthermore, the dominant genus in bacterial level changed from Tepidisphaera to Syntrophus, which facilitated the syntrophic association with hydrogenotrophic methanogens. The prevailed archaea remained acetoclastic Methanothrix above 90%. Therefore, the salinity on anaerobic microbial community structure mainly reflects in the methanogen process, remarkably decreasing methane production.

2.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 32(5): 055001, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604336

RESUMO

The exploration of new monolayer materials always attracts much attention due to the extraordinary properties and promising applications. Here we predict two monolayered aluminum triphosphides (AlP3) with C2/m and P3m1 space groups with a tunable bandgap under strain as the new members of the 2D XP3 family by using the first principles calculations. The stabilities of the predicted structures are confirmed with the phonon dispersion curves and molecular dynamics. Unlike the narrow bandgaps of the reported XP3 monolayers, the larger bandgaps of 1.78 (HSE06) or 1.91 eV (G0W0) for C2/m and 1.42 (HSE06) or 2.14 eV (G0W0) for P3m1 AlP3 monolayers are observed. The high mobility of 1.01 × 105 and 1.62 × 104 cm2 V-1 s-1 are observed for the electron of P3m1 and the hole of C2/m. The optical absorptions of the AlP3 monolayers, in particular, the one with C2/m, are obviously strong in the visible light range. These results imply that the monolayers are promising in the optoelectronic application. Unfortunately, the undesirable band edges make them not suitable for water splitting in spite of the strong optical absorption coefficient in the visible light range. However, an obvious effect of strain engineering is demonstrated for the monolayers. Under -2% and -3% biaxial strain, the band edges of P3m1 AlP3 can straddle the redox potential of water and meet the requirement of photocatalytic water splitting. Therefore, the P3m1 AlP3 monolayer can also be a promising candidate for the photocatalytic water splitting to produce hydrogen driven by the visible light.

3.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 559: 1-12, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605780

RESUMO

Experimental and computational approaches are utilized to investigate the influence of electrostatic fields on the binding force between human coagulation protein thrombin and its DNA aptamer. The thiolated aptamer was deposited onto gold substrate located in a liquid cell filled with binding buffer, then the thrombin-functionalized atomic force microscopy (AFM) probe was repeatedly brought into contact with the aptamer-coated surface under applied electrical potentials of -100, 0, and 100 mV respectively. Force drops during the pull-off process were measured to determine the unbinding forces between thrombin and aptamer in a range of loading rates spanning from ~3 × 102 to ~1 × 104 pN/s. The results from experiments showed that both of the binding strength and propensity of the complex are drastically diminished under positive electrode potential, whereas there is no influence on the molecular binding from negative electrode potential. We also used a theoretical analysis to explain the nature of electrostatic potential and field inside the aptamer-thrombin layer, which in turn could quantify the influence of the electrostatically repulsive force on a thrombin molecule that promotes dissociation from the aptamer due to positive electrode potential, and achieve good agreement with the experimental results. The study confirms the feasibility of electrostatic modulation upon the binding interaction between thrombin and aptamer, and implicates an underlying application perspective upon nanoscale manipulation of the stimuli responsive biointerface.

4.
Infection ; 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686323

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (SM) is an important nosocomial pathogen, particularly in immunocompromised patients due to their adverse antimicrobial susceptibility pattern. The objective of this article was to investigate the clinical impact of SM bacteremia on the 30-day mortality rate and identify the risk factors of the cause of mortality in patients with hematologic disorders. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data in patients diagnosed with hematological disorders and SM bacteremia over an 8-year period from July 2010 to July 2018 at a 248-bed hematology department. We compared patients' clinical characteristics and outcomes between the non-survivor and survivor groups. RESULTS: The overall incidence of SM bacteremia was 25.1 per 10,000 admissions. There were 59 patients (median age: 35 years; 57.6% males) included in the study with an overall SM bacteremia-related 30-day mortality of 44.1%. Multi-drug resistance was common. In vitro susceptibility is higher to ceftazidime (72.9%), ciprofloxacin (66.1%) and cefoperazone/sulbactam (59.3%). The risk factors identified in the univariate analysis were catheter re-implantation, accompanying polymicrobial infection, inadequate initial antimicrobial treatment, APACHE II score, temperature > 39 °C, septic shock, respiratory failure, and non-remission post treatment for primary diseases. Multivariate analysis further confirmed that inadequate initial antimicrobial treatment, respiratory failure, and non-remission after treatment for hematological diseases are independent risk factors associated with mortality (P = 0.001, 0.002 and 0.007, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that SM bacteremia is highly associated with increased mortality in patients with hematologic diseases. Early detection, prompt comprehensive management including initiation of combined sensitive antibiotics, respiratory monitoring and support, platelet infusion, and strategies to improve patients' remission status are recommended to improve the overall survival in patients with SM bacteremia.

5.
Thromb Haemost ; 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715633

RESUMO

Prethrombotic status (PTS) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) increases the risk of coronary thrombosis. Accumulating evidences have indicated that micro-ribonucleic acids (miRNAs) may serve as promising biomarkers for SCAD patients with PTS. The present study aimed to identify the miRNA signature in SCAD patients with PTS and evaluated their diagnostic significance. In the screening phase, 32 differently expressed miRNAs (DEMs) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were detected in 35 SCAD patients compared with 5 healthy controls by microarray. MiRNA-gene network analysis was then performed, and 4 DEMs were selected for validation with reverse transcription-quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) test in an independent cohort comprising 79 SCAD patients and 19 healthy controls. Compared with healthy controls, RT-qPCR test verified the upregulations of miR-34a-5p, miR-432-5p, and miR-370-3p detected by microarray; while the upregulation of miR-495-3p measured by RT-qPCR was not consistent with its low expression detected by microarray. Only miR-34a-5p and miR-495-3p were significantly upregulated in the PTS group compared with the non-PTS group (p < 0.01, p < 0.05). Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that PBMCs-derived miR-34a-5p and miR-495-3p may discriminate PTS with the areas under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.780 (confidence interval [CI]95% = 0.673-0.866) and 0.712 (CI95% = 0.599-0.808), respectively. The combination of miR-34a-5p and fibrinogen (FIB, a traditional biomarker for PTS) improved AUC to 0.885 (CI95% = 0.793-0.946) and showed added predictive ability compared with FIB, with an integrated discrimination improvement of 0.201 (p < 0.01). Therefore, the combination of miR-34a-5p and FIB may serve as an efficient tool for distinguishing PTS in SCAD patients.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718980

RESUMO

The potential energy curves and the transition dipole moments for seven electronic states of SrBr molecule are obtained via the multi-reference configuration interaction method and the all-electron basis sets. The Davidson and relativistic corrections are also included. Based on the obtained potential energy curves, the rotational and vibrational energy levels of each electronic state are determined by solving the nuclear motion equation of the molecule. The spectroscopic parameters are fitted from the obtained energy levels by using Dunham expression. Moreover, the spin-orbit coupling splits of the A2Π state are considered to construct the optical laser cooling scheme. The Frank-Condon factors, radiation lifetimes, radiation widths between the ground electronic state and 2Π1/2, 3/2/B2Σ+ states are calculated. Then, the feasibility of laser cooling is explored and the optical scheme is proposed. The results demonstrate that the SrBr molecule is a promising candidate for laser cooling.

7.
Br J Haematol ; 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696939

RESUMO

Donor selection for older leukaemia patients undergoing haematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) is not well defined: outcomes might be improved with a younger offspring donor rather than an older human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched sibling donor (MSD). We extended our multicentre dataset. A total of 185 acute leukaemia patients (≥ 50 years) transplanted in first complete remission who received HCT from offspring (n = 62) or MSD (n = 123) were included. A 1:1 ratio matched-pair analysis was performed. We were able to match 54 offspring with 54 MSD patients. Outcomes were compared between the two matched-pair groups. The cumulative incidence of grade II/IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) (26% vs. 35%; P = 0·23) and chronic GVHD (37% vs. 24%; P = 0·19) was comparable between groups (MSD vs. offspring). The lower three-year transplant-related mortality (9% vs. 26%; P = 0·023) and relapse incidence (6% vs. 17%; P = 0·066) resulted in higher overall survival (85% vs. 58%; P = 0·003) and leukaemia-free survival (LFS) (85% vs. 56%; P = 0·001) in offspring HCT compared with that in MSD HCT. These data might favour a young offspring over an older MSD in patients >50 years. The current analyses confirm that non-HLA donor characteristics, such as kinship and donor age, rather than HLA disparity, predominantly influence survival in older acute leukaemia patients.

8.
FASEB J ; : fj201901329RR, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690106

RESUMO

Chronic islet inflammation is associated with development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Intermediate-conductance calcium-activated K+ (KCa3.1) channel plays an important role in inflammatory diseases. However, the role and regulation of KCa3.1 in pancreatic ß cells in progression of T2DM remain unclarified. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of the specific KCa3.1 channel blocker 1-[(2-chlorophenyl)diphenylmethyl]-1H-pyrazole (TRAM-34) on diabetic phenotype in the db/db model. In diabetic mice, blockade of KCa3.1 significantly improved glucose tolerance, enhanced secretion of postprandial insulin level, and reduced loss of ß-cell mass through attenuating the expression and secretion of inflammatory mediators. Furthermore, in cultured pancreatic ß cells, exposure to high levels of glucose or palmitic acid significantly increased expression and current density of the KCa3.1 channel as well as secretion of proinflammatory chemokines, and the effects were similarly reversed by preincubation with TRAM-34 or a NF-κB inhibitor pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate. Additionally, expression of KCa3.1 in pancreas islet cells was up-regulated by activation of NF-κB with IL-1ß stimulation. In summary, up-regulated KCa3.1 due to activation of NF-κB pathway leads to pancreatic inflammation via expression and secretion of chemokines and cytokines by pancreatic ß cells, thereby facilitating progression of T2DM.-Pang, Z.-D., Wang, Y., Wang, X.-J., She, G., Ma, X.-Z., Song, Z., Zhao, L.-M., Wang, H.-F., Lai, B.-C., Gou, W., Du, X.-J., Deng, X.-L. KCa3.1 channel mediates inflammatory signaling of pancreatic ß cells and progression of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

9.
Cancer Commun (Lond) ; 39(1): 68, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685009

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) of bone marrow cells has been confirmed to be a direct and valid method to assess the v-myc avian myelocytomatosis viral oncogene neuroblastoma derived homolog (MYCN) amplification in patients with bone marrow metastatic neuroblastoma. MYCN amplification alone, however, is insufficient for pretreatment risk stratification. Chromosome band 11q23 deletion has recently been included in the risk stratification of neuroblastoma. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the biological characteristics and prognostic impact of 11q23 deletion and MYCN amplification in patients with bone marrow metastatic neuroblastoma. METHODS: We analyzed the MYCN and 11q23 statuses of 101 patients with bone marrow metastatic neuroblastoma using interphase FISH of bone marrow cells. We specifically compared the biological characteristics and prognostic impact of both aberrations. RESULTS: MYCN amplification and 11q23 deletion were seen in 12 (11.9%) and 40 (39.6%) patients. The two markers were mutually exclusive. MYCN amplification occurred mainly in patients with high lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and high neuron-specific enolase (NSE) levels (both P < 0.001), and MYCN-amplified patients had more events (tumor relapse, progression, or death) than MYCN-normal patients (P = 0.004). 11q23 deletion was associated only with age (P = 0.001). Patients with MYCN amplification had poorer outcomes than those with normal MYCN (3-year event-free survival [EFS] rate: 8.3 ± 8.0% vs. 43.8 ± 8.5%, P < 0.001; 3-year overall survival [OS] rate: 10.4 ± 9.7% vs. 63.5% ± 5.7%, P < 0.001). 11q23 deletion reflected a poor prognosis only for patients with normal MYCN (3-year EFS rate: 34.3 ± 9.5% vs. 53.4 ± 10.3%, P = 0.037; 3-year OS rate: 42.9 ± 10.4% vs. 75.9 ± 6.1%, P = 0.048). Those with both MYCN amplification and 11q23 deletion had the worst outcome (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Chromosome band 11q23 deletion predicts poor prognosis only in bone marrow metastatic neuroblastoma patients without MYCN amplification. Combined assessment of the two markers was much superior to single-marker assessment in recognizing the patients at a high risk of disease progression.

10.
Math Biosci Eng ; 16(6): 7494-7509, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698625

RESUMO

The present paper investigated the relationship between low temperature impact toughness and microstructure of bainite in coarse-grained heat affected zone (CGHAZ) and intercritically rehazed CGHAZ (ICCGHAZ) of an offshore engineering steel from both the microstructure morphological and crystallographic aspects. In this work, six groups of samples simulated CGHAZ and ICCGHAZ were designated at three different cooling rates. The Charpy test results showed that the toughness in CGHAZ decreases dramatically with decrease of cooling rate, which was attributed to the microstructural evolution from lath bainite to granular bainite, accompanying with the size increase of Bain zone and the change of M/A morphology from film to block. The increase in hardenability by cooling rate promotes more crystallographic variants from different Bain groups. Meanwhile, the combination with controlled inter-spacing of block boundaries by self-accommodation below the critical Griffith crack length, micro-crack can be arrested by these high angle grain boundaries thereby suppressed brittle fracture initiation and increased fracture properties. However, the variation in toughness of ICCGHAZ is not a concern, since obtaining excellent toughness is scarcely accessible even if the matrix microstructure is analogous to CGHAZ. It was due to the formation of coarse M/A constituents (~2 µm) necklacing at the prior austenite grain boundary. The visualized crystallography suggested that the impact toughness was partially correlated to the configuration manner and the size of Bain zones as well via promoting highly misoriented angle (>45°) boundaries, which in turn effectively deflected or arrested the brittle crack propagation.

11.
Adv Mater ; : e1904969, 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736178

RESUMO

Hierarchical porosity and functionalization help to fully make use of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) for their diverse applications. Herein, a simple strategy is reported to construct hierarchically porous MOFs through a competitive coordination method using tetrafluoroborate (M(BF4 )x , where M is metal site) as both functional sites and etching agents. The resulting MOFs have in situ formed defect-mesopores and functional sites without sacrificing their structure stability. The formation mechanism of the defect-mesopores is elucidated by a combination of experimental and first-principles calculation method, indicating the general feasibility of this new approach. Compared with the original microporous counterparts, the new hierarchical MOFs exhibit superior adsorption for the bulky dye molecules and catalytic performance for the CO2 conversion attributed to their specific hierarchical pore structures.

12.
Pathol Oncol Res ; 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31758408

RESUMO

The BRAFV600E mutation is the most prevalent genetic event in patients with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). However, no study has investigated the expression of PAQR3 in papillary thyroid tissues in relation to the BRAFV600E mutation and the clinicopathological features of PTC patients. Furthermore, the potential associations of the BRAFV600E mutation, PAQR3 expression and clinicopathological parameters in the cancerous tissues of PTC patients have not been investigated. This study was conducted on 60 patients with PTC who were treated surgically at our institution from 2017 to 2018. PCR was used to amplify DNA by the amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS) method to detect BRAFV600E gene mutations. In addition, immunohistochemical techniques were utilized to assess PAQR3 expression in tumor tissue sections. The BRAFV600E mutation was associated with lymph node metastasis (LNM, p < 0.05) but not with other clinicopathological features. Low PAQR3 expression was associated with extrathyroidal extension and LNM (χ2 = 7.143, p = 0.009; χ2 = 6.459, p = 0.014, respectively). Furthermore, a statistically significant association was observed between chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis and LNM (χ2 = 5.275, p = 0.0250). A linear relationship between the BRAFV600E mutation and PAQR3 protein expression has not been identified. These factors may be independent risk factors of extrathyroidal extension and LNM in PTC and be used to indicate the invasiveness of PTC tumors. Higher quality, multivariate analyses based on larger samples from around the world are urgently needed to further validate and revise our findings in the future.

13.
Environ Pollut ; : 113512, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706779

RESUMO

Growing evidence shows plants are at risks of exposure to various per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), however the phytotoxicity induced by these compounds remains largely unknown on the molecular scale. Here, lettuce exposed to both perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) at different concentrations (500, 1000, 2000 and 5000 ng/L) in hydroponic media was investigated via metabolomics. Under the co-exposure conditions, the growth and biomass were not affected by PFOA and PFOS, but metabolic profiles of mineral elements and organic compounds in lettuce leaves were significantly altered. The contents of Na, Mg, Cu, Fe, Ca and Mo were decreased 1.8%-47.8%, but Zn was increased 7.4%-24.2%. The metabolisms of amino acids and peptides, fatty acids and lipids were down-regulated in a dose-dependent manner, while purine and purine nucleosides were up-regulated, exhibiting the stress response to PFOA and PFOS co-exposure. The reduced amounts of phytol (14.8%-77.0%) and abscisic acid (60.7%-73.8%) indicated the alterations in photosynthesis and signal transduction. The metabolism of (poly)phenol, involved in shikimate-phenylpropanoid pathway and flavonoid branch pathway, was strengthened, to cope with the stress of PFASs. As the final metabolites of (poly)phenol biosynthesis, the abundance of various antioxidants was changed. This study offers comprehensive insight of plant response to PFAS co-exposure and enhances the understanding in detoxifying mechanisms.

14.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31709715

RESUMO

Microtubule actin cross-linking factor 1 (Macf1) is a spectraplakin family member known to regulate cytoskeletal dynamics, cell migration, neuronal growth and cell signal transduction. We previously demonstrated that knockdown of Macf1 inhibited the differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cell line. However, whether Macf1 could regulate bone formation in vivo is unclear. To study the function and mechanism of Macf1 in bone formation and osteogenic differentiation, we established osteoblast-specific Osterix (Osx) promoter-driven Macf1 conditional knockout mice (Macf1f/f Osx-Cre). The Macf1f/f Osx-Cre mice displayed delayed ossification and decreased bone mass. Morphological and mechanical studies showed deteriorated trabecular microarchitecture and impaired biomechanical strength of femur in Macf1f/f Osx-Cre mice. In addition, the differentiation of primary osteoblasts isolated from calvaria was inhibited in Macf1f/f Osx-Cre mice. Deficiency of Macf1 in primary osteoblasts inhibited the expression of osteogenic marker genes (Col1, Runx2 and Alp) and the number of mineralized nodules. Furthermore, deficiency of Macf1 attenuated Bmp2/Smad/Runx2 signalling in primary osteoblasts of Macf1f/f Osx-Cre mice. Together, these results indicated that Macf1 plays a significant role in bone formation and osteoblast differentiation by regulating Bmp2/Smad/Runx2 pathway, suggesting that Macf1 might be a therapeutic target for bone disease.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707005

RESUMO

Myostatin, through type I receptor (kinase 4, 5, ALK4/5), functions to participate in the immune system and negatively regulate muscle growth in mammals. However, the role of myostatin (mstn) in the immune system of teleosts is largely unknown. In a previous study, we cloned the mstn1 cDNA encoding myostatin in Qi river crucian carp (Carassius auratus). In the present study, we have cloned mstn2 cDNA, which was characterized and analyzed together with mstn1. Tissue distribution analysis showed that both mstn genes are expressed in numerous tissues, with mstn1 dominantly expressed in the muscle and brain, whereas mstn2 is mainly expressed in the brain. During embryogenesis, mstn1 and mstn2 exhibit different expression patterns. Both mstn1 and mstn2 expression increased stepwise in the brain at different developmental stages. Furthermore, both genes are differentially regulated during different periods of fasting/re-feeding. Following the exposure of C. auratus to polyI:C, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and Aeromonas hydrophila, both genes were upregulated in different tissues, which indicated that they might be involved in the immune response against pathogenic invasion. Blocking the Mstn signal pathway with SB-431542 (a chemical inhibitor of ALK4/5) resulted in significantly increased body length and weight. However, the mortality of SB-431542-treated fish was higher after A. hydrophila challenge. Moreover, decreased expression of lysozymes (lyz), complement component 3 (c3), ß-defensin 3 (defb3), and interferon γ (ifnγ) were exhibited in treated fish, compared with the controls. Furthermore, the expression of nf-κb1, three pro-inflammatory cytokines (il1ß, il6, and tnfα), and inflammatory cytokines (il8 and il10) were significantly increased in both the SB-431542-treated group and the control after A. hydrophila infection, suggesting that the NF-κB pathway was not suppressed in the SB-431542-treated fish. Taken together, our data suggest that both mstn1 and mstn2 play important roles in early body development, muscle growth, and the immune system by acting downstream of the NF-κB signal pathway.

16.
Future Oncol ; 15(34): 3917-3934, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31729887

RESUMO

Aim: To elucidate the integrative combinational gene regulatory network landscape of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) molecular carcinogenesis from diverse background. Materials & methods: Modified gene regulatory network analysis was used to prioritize differentially regulated genes and links. Integrative comparisons using bioinformatics methods were applied to identify potential critical molecules and pathways in HCC with different backgrounds. Results: E2F1 with its surrounding regulatory links were identified to play different key roles in the HCC risk factor dysregulation mechanisms. Hsa-mir-19a was identified as showed different effects in the three HCC differential regulation networks, and showed vital regulatory role in HBV-related HCC. Conclusion: We describe in detail the regulatory networks involved in HCC with different backgrounds. E2F1 may serve as a universal target for HCC treatment.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682205

RESUMO

Objectives: To investigate the effect of autologous blood transfusion (ABT) and Pringle maneuver (PM) on postoperative early liver function and short-term postoperative results following laparoscopic liver resection in patients with benign hepatic neoplasms. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data for 125 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic segmental hepatectomy from January 2015 to May 2018 (68 in the ABT group versus 57 in the PM group). We compared patients' characteristics and intra- and postoperative short-term outcomes between the groups. Results: The 2 groups were well matched regarding patients' clinical characteristics, types of liver resection, operative time, and histopathological findings (P > .05). Median blood loss was significantly lower in the PM group versus the ABT group (200 mL versus 750 mL, respectively; P < .01), and overall complication rates were similar (n = 12 [17%] versus n = 9 [16%], respectively; P > .05). The ABT group had significantly lower mean levels of total bilirubin, indirect bilirubin, aspartate transaminase, and alanine aminotransferase on postoperative days 1 and 3 (P < .05). The ABT group had a shorter hospital stay compared with the PM group (5.8 days versus 7.7 days, respectively; P < .05) and lower hospitalization costs (55,400 ± 15,400 versus 667,000 ± 21,600 CN dollars, respectively; P < .05). Conclusions: Compared with Pringle's maneuver, laparoscopic hepatectomy with ABT promoted early recovery of liver function and reduced hospitalization costs in select patients with benign hepatic neoplasms.

18.
PLoS One ; 14(11): e0219230, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738780

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Every year tuberculosis kills above half million women all over the world. Nonetheless, the factor affecting TB treatment outcome of women was less frequently studied and compared among countries. Hence, this study was aimed to measure and compare outcome of treatment and the death size of these two countries. METHOD: Socio demographic and clinical data of women treated for all form of tuberculosis in the past ten years 2007-2016 were collected from total of eight hospitals and six treatment centers of Tigray and Zigong respectively. Then, we measured the magnitude of TB, level of treatment success and identify factors associated with the unsuccessful TB outcome. RESULT: In the past ten years, a total of 5603(41.5%) and 4527 (24.5%) tuberculosis cases were observed in Tigray and Zigong respectively. Of those with treatment outcome record a total of 2602(92%) in Tigray and 3916(96.7%) in Zigong were successfully treated. Total of 170 (6%) cases in Tigray and 36(0.8%) cases in Zigong were dead. In Tigray, retreatment cases (aOR, 0.29; 95% CI: 0.16-0.53) and MDR-TB cases (aOR, 0.31; 95% CI: 0.003, 0.27) were less likely to show treatment success. However,, HIV co-infected TB cases (aOR, 3.58; 95% CI: 2.47, 5.18) were more likely to show treatment success compared with unknown HIV status. In Zigong, women with MDR TB (aOR, 0.90; 95%CI: 0.24, 0.34) were less likely to show treatment success and women in the age category of 15-49 (aOR, 1.55; 95% CI: 1.08, 2.206) were more likely to show treatment success. CONCLUSION: Big number of tuberculosis cases and death were observed in Tigray comparing with Zigong. Hence, a relevant measure should be considered to improve treatment outcome of women in Tigray regional state.

19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(22)2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31739611

RESUMO

The Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus prevalent in east and southeast Asia, the Western Pacific, and northern Australia. Since viruses are obligatory intracellular pathogens, the dynamic processes of viral entry, replication, and assembly are dependent on numerous host-pathogen interactions. Efforts to identify JEV-interacting host factors are ongoing because their identification and characterization remain incomplete. Three enzymatic activities of flavivirus non-structural protein 3 (NS3), including serine protease, RNA helicase, and triphosphatase, play major roles in the flaviviruses lifecycle. To identify cellular factors that interact with NS3, we screened a human brain cDNA library using a yeast two-hybrid assay, and identified eight proteins that putatively interact with NS3: COPS5, FBLN5, PPP2CB, CRBN, DNAJB6, UBE2N, ZNF350, and GPR137B. We demonstrated that the DnaJ heat shock protein family (Hsp40) member B6 (DNAJB6) colocalizes and interacts with NS3, and has a negative regulatory function in JEV replication. We also show that loss of DNAJB6 function results in significantly increased viral replication, but does not affect viral binding or internalization. Moreover, the time-course of DNAJB6 disruption during JEV infection varies in a viral load-dependent manner, suggesting that JEV targets this host chaperone protein for viral benefit. Deciphering the modes of NS3-interacting host proteins functions in virion production will shed light on JEV pathogenic mechanisms and may also reveal new avenues for antiviral therapeutics.

20.
Radiol Oncol ; 53(4): 434-442, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31747378

RESUMO

Background Endometrial cancer (EC) is one of the most common gynaecological tumours in the worldwide. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) nuclear enriched abundant transcript 1 (NEAT1) promotes cell proliferation, migration and invasion in EC cells. However, the molecular mechanisms of NEAT1 in EC have not been fully clarified. We conducted this study to reveal the function of NEAT1 in EC tissues and cell lines. Materials and methods Cancer and adjacent tissues were collected from EC patients. HEC-1A and Ishikawa cells were cultured in vitro. NEAT1 expression was downregulated by transfecting small hairpin RNA (shRNA) and miR-144-3p was overexpressed by transfecting miR-144-3p mimics. Cell proliferation was detected by MTT assay and colony formation assay. Cell migration and invasion abilities were assessed by transwell assay. A dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to verify the relationship among NEAT1, EZH2, and miR-144-3p. The expression level of EZH2 was measured by Western blot and qPCR. Results NEAT1 was highly expressed in EC tissues and cells. Knockdown of NEAT1 inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion of EC cells. Additionally, NEAT1 acted as a ceRNA of miR-144-3p, leading to EZH2 upregulation. Overexpression of miR-144-3p suppressed the proliferation and invasion of EC cells. Conclusions NEAT1 promotes EC cells proliferation and invasion by regulating the miR-144-3p/EZH2 axis.

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