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1.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(37): 5590-5603, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602160

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer is a major cause of cancer-related death, with a 5-year overall survival rate being below 5%. The main causes of poor prognosis in pancreatic cancer include easy metastasis, high recurrence rate, and robust drug resistance. Gemcitabine is a first-line drug for patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer. However, due to drug resistance, the clinical effect is not satisfactory. ADAM28 is reported as a tumor promoter in some cancers, but its role in pancreatic cancer and gemcitabine chemoresistance in pancreatic cancer has not been elucidated. AIM: To identify if ADAM28 can act as an important target to reverse the gemcitabine drug resistance in pancreatic cancer. METHODS: RNA-sequence analysis was applied to explore the potential targets involved in the gemcitabine of pancreatic cancer. SW1990 pancreatic cancer cells were treated with an increased dose of gemcitabine, and the mRNA levels of ADAM28 were evaluated by RT-PCR. The protein and mRNA levels of ADAM28 were confirmed in the gemcitabine resistant and parallel SW1990 cells. The ADAM28 expression was also assessed in TCGA and GEO databases, and the results were confirmed in the collected tumor and adjacent normal tissues. The overall survival (OS) rate and relapse-free survival (RFS) rate of pancreatic cancer patients with high ADAM28 level and low ADAM28 level in TCGA were evaluated with Kaplan-Meier Plotter. Furthermore, the OS rate was calculated in pancreatic cancer patients with high tumor mutation burden (TMB) and low TMB. CCK-8 assay was used to examine the effect of ADAM28 on the viability of SW1990 cells. The ADAM28 and its co-expressed genes were analyzed in the cBioPortal for cancer genomics and subjected to GSEA pathway analysis. The correlations of ADAM28 with GSTP1, ABCC1, GSTM4, and BCL2 were analyzed based on TCGA data on pancreatic cancer. RESULTS: RNA-sequence analysis identified that ADAM28 was overexpressed in gemcitabine-resistant cells, and gemcitabine treatment could induce the expression of ADAM28. The mRNA and protein levels of ADAM28 were elevated in gemcitabine-resistant SW1990 cells compared with parallel cells. Also, the expression of ADAM28 was upregulated in pancreatic tumor tissues against normal pancreatic tissues. Notably, ADAM28 was highly expressed in the classical type than in the basal tumor type. Furthermore, the high expression of ADAM28 was associated with low OS and RFS rates. Interestingly, the high levels of ADAM28 was associated with a significantly lower OS rate in the high TMB patients, but not in the low TMB patients. Moreover, overexpression of ADAM28 could reduce the cell viability inhibition by gemcitabine, and knockdown of ADAM28 could enhance the proliferation inhibition by gemcitabine. The GSEA analysis showed that ADAM28 was related to the regulation of drug metabolism, and ADAM28 was significantly positively correlated with GSTP1, ABCC1, GSTM4, and BCL2. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that ADAM28 is overexpressed in pancreatic cancer, and closely involved in the regulation of gemcitabine resistance. Overexpression of ADAM28 is a novel prognostic biomarker in pancreatic cancer.


Assuntos
Proteínas ADAM/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/mortalidade , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/terapia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Desoxicitidina/farmacologia , Desoxicitidina/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pâncreas/patologia , Pâncreas/cirurgia , Pancreatectomia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Prognóstico , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Regulação para Cima
2.
J Cancer ; 10(10): 2299-2311, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31258733

RESUMO

Background: Lymphocytes were reported to play a significant part in host anticancer immune responses and influence tumour prognosis. Few studies have focused on the prognostic values of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) to lymphocyte ratio (ALRI), aspartate aminotransferase to platelet count ratio index (APRI) and systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with palliative treatments. Methods: Five hundred and ninety-eight HCC patients treated with palliative therapies were retrospectively analysed. We randomly assigned patients into the training cohort (429 patients) and the validation cohort I (169 patients). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to identify the best cut-off values for the ALRI, APRI and SII in the training cohort and the values were further validated in the validation cohort I. Correlations between ALRI and other clinicopathological factors were also analysed. A prognostic nomogram including ALRI was established. We validated the prognostic value of the ALRI, SII and APRI with two independent cohorts, the validation cohort II of 82 HCC patients treated with TACE and the validation cohort III of 150 HCC patients treated with curative resection. In the training cohort and all the validation cohorts, univariate analyses by the method of Kaplan-Meier and multivariate analysis by Cox proportional hazards regression model were carried out to identify the independent prognostic factors. Results: The threshold values of ALRI, APRI and SII were 86.3, 1.37 and 376.4 respectively identified by ROC curve analysis in the training cohort. Correlation analysis showed that ALRI>86.3 was greatly associated with higher rates of Child-Pugh B&C, portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT) and ascites (P < 0.05). Correspondingly, ALRI level of HCC patients with Child-Pugh B&C, PVTT and ascites was evidently higher than that of HCC patients with Child-Pugh A, without PVTT and without ascites (P < 0.001). In the training cohort and the validation cohort I, II, III, the OS of patients with ALRI >86.3 was obviously shorter than patients with ALRI ≤86.3 (P <0.001). We identified ALRI as an independent prognostic factor by univariate and multivariate analyses both in training Cohort (HR=1.481, P=0.004), validation cohort I (HR=1.511, P=0.032), validation cohort II (HR=3.166, P=0.005) and validation cohort III (HR=3.921, P=0.010). The SII was identified as an independent prognostic factor in training cohort (HR=1.356, P=0.020) and the validation cohort II (HR=2.678, P=0.002). The prognostic nomogram including ALRI was the best in predicting 3-month, 6-month, 1-year, 2-year survival And OS among TNM, ALRI, ALRI-TNM and nomogram. Conclusions: The ALRI was a novel independent prognostic index for the HCC patients treated with palliative treatments.

3.
J Cancer ; 9(19): 3467-3478, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30310503

RESUMO

Background: We have previously reported the prognostic value of the albumin-to-alkaline phosphatase ratio (AAPR) for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients who are not receiving any standard anticancer therapy. However, the prognostic value of the AAPR for HCC patients treated with trans-catheter arterial chemoembolization therapy (TACE) was not investigated. Methods: We retrospectively analysed 372 HCC patients treated with TACE (the training cohort) and applied receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC curves) to identify the best cut-off value for the AAPR in this cohort. Then, univariate analyses by the Kaplan-Meier method and multivariate analysis by a Cox proportional hazards regression model were conducted. Both comparisons of the ROC curves and the likelihood ratio test (LRT) were employed to evaluate the abilities of different factors in predicting the survival of patients in this cohort. Finally, the prognostic value of the AAPR was validated in two cohorts: one included 202 HCC patients treated with supportive care (validation cohort I), and the other included 82 HCC patients treated with TACE (validation cohort II). Results: We identified 0.439 as the best cut-off value of the AAPR by ROC curve analysis. An AAPR > 0.439 was significantly correlated with a lower frequency of Child-Pugh grade B, portal vein tumour thrombus (PVTT), T3-4 and lymph node metastasis (P < 0.05). The median overall survival (OS) of the patients with an AAPR > 0.439 was significantly longer than that of those with an AAPR ≤ 0.439 (58.4 m vs 17.8 m, respectively, P < 0.001). The AAPR was identified as an independent prognostic factor after univariate and multivariate analyses (HR = 0.636, P = 0.003). The independent prognostic value of the AAPR was also confirmed in validation cohorts I and II. Additionally, we substituted the AAPR for the Child-Pugh grade in the CLIP system and integrated the AAPR into the TNM system. We found that the area under the curve (AUC) of the AAPR-CLIP system was significantly larger than that of the CLIP and the TNM when predicting 3-month, 6-month, 1-year and 2-year survival (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference between the AUCs for the AAPR-CLIP and the AAPR-TNM. The LRT suggested that both AAPR-CLIP and AAPR-TNM had significantly larger χ2 values and smaller AIC values than that of their corresponding primary system (P < 0.05). Conclusions: The AAPR was an independent prognostic index for the HCC patients treated with TACE. Both AAPR-CLIP and AAPR-TNM outperformed their corresponding primary system in predicting OS in the current study.

4.
J Cancer ; 9(13): 2380-2388, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30026834

RESUMO

Background: The Cancer of the Liver Italian Program (CLIP) score is commonly used for prognosis prediction of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The CLIP includes the Child-Pugh grade, which is relatively subjective, for hepatic encephalopathy assessment. A newly developed scoring system called albumin-bilirubin grade (ALBI grade), consists of albumin and bilirubin to assess liver function reserve objectively. Here, we substituted the ALBI grade for the Child-Pugh grade to establish the ALBI-CLIP scoring system and validated its prognostic value in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related HCC patients treated with trans-catheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) therapy. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed HBV-related HCC patients who received TACE therapy. Baseline characteristics were collected and evaluated to classify patients according to ALBI-CLIP, CLIP and TNM systems. Univariate analyses using the Kaplan-Meier method and the log-rank test, as well as multivariate analysis using the Cox proportional hazards regression model, were conducted to detect independent prognostic factors for overall survival. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and a likelihood ratio test (LRT) were both utilized to compare the values of ALBI-CLIP, CLIP and TNM staging systems in predicting survival. Results: With a total of 389 patients included in the current study, 301 (77.4%) and 88 (22.6%) were classified as Child-Pugh grade A and B, respectively. However, 152 (39.1%), 227 (58.4%) and 10 (2.5%) patients were correspondingly classified into ALBI grade 1, 2 and 3. The areas under the curves of ALBI-CLIP, CLIP and TNM systems were 0.804, 0.778 and 0.734, respectively, for predicting 3-month survival; 0.796, 0.778 and 0.733, respectively, for 6-month survival; 0.697, 0.687 and 0.644, respectively, for 1-year survival; and 0.618, 0.612 and 0.569, respectively, for 2-year survival. The LRT indicated that the ALBI-CLIP and the CLIP had similar values of χ2 and Akaike information criterion (AIC) while the TNM system had the smallest χ2 value (χ2 = 12.1, 11.9, 10.5; AIC = 2620.2, 2620.5, 2621.1 for ALBI-CLIP, CLIP and TNM, respectively). Conclusions: In conclusion, our present study suggested that the ALBI-CLIP scoring system retained the prognostic value of the CLIP in HBV-related HCC treated with TACE therapy.

5.
Oncol Lett ; 15(1): 855-862, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29403561

RESUMO

The majority of patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) undergo trans-arterial chemoembolization (TACE). However, the prognosis of HCC remains poor. In the present study, five staging systems were compared to predict the survival rate of patients with HCC undergoing TACE treatment. A total of 220 patients with HCC were examined according to the model to estimate survival for hepatocellular carcinoma (MESH), hepatoma arterial embolization prognostic score (HAP), modified HAP (mHAP), performance status combined Japan Integrated Staging system (PSJIS) and tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging systems. The endpoints of the study were 3-month survival, 6-month survival, 1-year survival and overall survival (OS) rates. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis indicated that the area under the curve of MESH, HAP, mHAP, PSJIS and TNM was 0.858, 0.728, 0.690, 0.688 and 0.699, respectively, in predicting 3-month survival rates; 0.822, 0.747, 0.720, 0.722 and 0.715, respectively, in predicting 6-month survival rates and 0.725, 0.664, 0.672, 0.645 and 0.654, respectively, in predicting 1-year survival rates. Discriminatory ability, homogeneity, monotonicity and prognostic stratification ability was evaluated using a likelihood ratio test and Akaike information criterion values among the five staging systems, and revealed that the MESH system was the optimal prognostic staging system for HCC. In conclusion, the results of the present study suggest that the MESH system is the most accurate prognostic staging system of 3-month survival, 6-month survival, 1-year survival and OS rates among the five systems analyzed in patients with HCC who have received TACE treatment.

6.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 97: 195-202, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29091866

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autophagy involves in both prevention and promotion in cancer, and its role probably changed during tumor development. Defined the dynamic function of autophagy in cancer may advance precision diagnostics, treatment, and guide drug design. Autophagy related protein ULK1 is key regulator of autophagy, and its role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was still unclear. This study aims to investigate ULK1's capacity along with other autophagic markers in predicting prognosis of HCC and explore position of these biomarkers in dynamic function of autophagy during HCC progression. METHODS: The expression of ULK1 and other autophagic marker (LC3B) were test by Tissue microarray-based immunohistochemistry in 156 operable HCC patients. Survival analysis and correlation analysis were used to analysis influence of ULK1 and combined biomarker on clinical characteristics and prognosis. RESULTS: The expression level of ULK1 was not related to all clinicopathological features, however, high expression of the ULK1 as well as LC3B overexpression suggested large tumor size (P=0.035), high levels of serum AFP (P=0.049), more frequency of node metastasis (P=0.015), later TNM stage (P=0.009). Survival analysis showed that ULK1 expression were negatively correlated with PFS rather than OS in HCC patients (P=0.021), while LC3B were suggested to be negatively related with patients' PFS, However, Simultaneous high expression of ULK1 and LC3B had a poorer 5-year overall survival (OS) rate (P=0.002) and shorter 5-year progression free survival (PFS)(P=0.003), Further multivariate analysis revealed that the two combined biomarkers were independent factors to predict the prognosis of OS and PFS in all patients, while ULK1 alone or LC3B alone were only an independent predict factor for OS or PFS respectively. CONCLUSION: ULK1 were demonstrated to be an important prognostic factor for HCC patient, and it combined LC3B would improve prognosis assessment of the patients. Combined autophagic biomarkers would better represent dynamic stage of autophagy and It might provide a potential therapeutic way that how to interfere autophagy in HCC.


Assuntos
Proteína Homóloga à Proteína-1 Relacionada à Autofagia/biossíntese , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/biossíntese , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/biossíntese , Adulto , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
7.
Immunology ; 154(1): 144-155, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29211299

RESUMO

A recent study indicated that Lectin-type oxidized LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1) was a distinct surface marker for human polymorphisms myeloid-derived suppressor cells (PMN-MDSC). The present study was aimed to investigate the existence LOX-1 PMN-MDSC in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. One hundred and twenty-seven HCC patients, 10 patients with mild active chronic hepatitis B, 10 liver cirrhosis due to hepatitis B, 10 liver dysplastic node with hepatitis B and 50 health control were included. LOX-1+  CD15+ PMN-MDSC were significantly elevated in HCC patients compared with healthy control and patients with benign diseases. LOX-1+  CD15+ PMN-MDSC in circulation were positively associated with those in HCC tissues. LOX-1+  CD15+ PMN-MDSCs significantly reduced proliferation and IFN-γ production of T cells with a dosage dependent manner with LOX-1-  CD15+ PMNs reached negative results. The suppression on T cell proliferation and IFN-γ production was reversed by ROS inhibitor and Arginase inhibitor. ROS level and activity of arginase of LOX-1 + CD15+ PMN were higher in LOX-1+  CD15+ PMN-MDSCs than LOX-1-  CD15+ PMNs, as well as the expression of the NADPH oxidase NOX2 and arginase I. RNA sequence revealed that LOX-1+ CD15+ PMN-MDSCs displayed significantly higher expression of spliced X-box -binding protein 1 (sXBP1), an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress marker. ER stress inducer induced LOX-1 expression and suppressive function for CD15+ PMN from health donor. For HCC patients, LOX-1+  CD15+ PMN-MDSCs were positively related to overall survival. Above all, LOX-1+  CD15+ PMN-MDSC were elevated in HCC patients and suppressed T cell proliferation through ROS/Arg I pathway induced by ER stress. They presented positive association with the prognosis of HCC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Fucosiltransferases/metabolismo , Antígenos CD15/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Células Supressoras Mieloides/metabolismo , Receptores Depuradores Classe E/metabolismo , Arginase/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/imunologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Técnicas de Cocultura , Humanos , Interferons/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/imunologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Ativação Linfocitária , Células Supressoras Mieloides/imunologia , Células Supressoras Mieloides/patologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo
8.
Oncol Lett ; 14(5): 6277-6284, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29113278

RESUMO

Serum Golgi protein 73 (sGP73) is a candidate diagnostic biomarker for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, current evidence of its diagnostic value is conflicting, primarily due to the small sample sizes of previous studies, and its prognostic role in HCC also remains unclear. In the present study, sGP73 levels in 462 patients with HCC, 186 patients with liver cirrhosis, and 83 healthy controls were evaluated using ELISA, and it was identified that the median sGP73 levels were significantly higher in the HCC (18.7 ng/ml) and liver cirrhosis (18.5 ng/ml) patients than in the healthy controls (0 ng/ml; both P<0.001); however, the levels did not significantly differ between the HCC and liver cirrhosis groups (P=0.632). sGP73 had an inferior sensitivity and specificity for HCC diagnosis (27.79 and 77.96%, respectively) compared with α-fetoprotein (57.36 and 90.96%, respectively; P<0.001). In the HCC group, a high level of sGP73 was associated with aggressive clinicopathological features and independently predicted poor overall survival (OS) time (P<0.001). Additionally, in patients with resectable HCC, a high level of sGP73 was associated with significantly decreased disease-free survival (P<0.001) and OS (P=0.039) times compared with a low level of sGP73. This study demonstrated that sGP73 is unsuitable as a diagnostic marker for the early detection of HCC; however, it is an independent negative prognostic marker, providing a novel risk stratification factor and a potential therapeutic molecular target for HCC.

9.
Oncol Lett ; 14(2): 2089-2096, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28789436

RESUMO

The inflammatory microenvironment serves an important function in the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Peripheral blood lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), as a novel inflammatory biomarker combining an estimate of host immune homeostasis with the tumor microenvironment, has been identified to be a predictor of clinical outcomes in a number of malignancies. The present study aimed at investigating the prognostic value of LMR in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated advanced HCC. A total of 174 patients with HBV-associated advanced HCC, without fever or signs of infections, were analyzed. Clinicopathological parameters, including LMR, were evaluated to identify predictors of overall survival time. Univariate and multivariate analysis was performed using Cox's proportional hazards model. A threshold value was determined using a time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve. Univariate and multivariate analysis identified LMR as an independent prognostic factor in overall survival (OS) time in patients with HBV-associated advanced HCC (P<0.05). The threshold value of LMR was 2.22. All patients were divided into either a low LMR group (≤2.22) or a high LMR group (>2.22). The OS time of the high LMR group was significantly longer compared with the low LMR group (P<0.001). Patients in the high LMR group exhibited a significantly increased 3-month and 6-month OS rate, compared with that of the patients within the low LMR group (P<0.001). An increased level of LMR was significantly associated with the presence of metastasis, ascites and increased tumor size (P<0.01). LMR is an independent prognostic factor of HBV-associated advanced HCC patients and an increased baseline LMR level indicates an improved prognosis.

10.
Oncol Lett ; 14(1): 705-714, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28693224

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the ability of seven staging systems to predict 3- and 6-month and cumulative survival rates of patients with advanced hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Data were collected from 220 patients with HBV-associated HCC who did not receive any standard anticancer treatment. Participants were patients at The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from September 2008 to June 2010. The participants were classified according to the Chinese University Prognostic Index (CUPI), the Cancer of the Liver Italian Program (CLIP), Japan Integrated Staging (JIS), China Integrated Score (CIS) systems, Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC), Okuda and tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging systems at the time of diagnosis and during patient follow-up. The sensitivity and specificity of the predictive value of each staging system for 3- and 6-month mortality were analyzed by relative operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis with a non-parametric test being used to compare the area under curve (AUC) of the ROC curves. In addition, log-rank tests and Kaplan-Meier estimator survival curves were applied to compare the overall survival rates of the patients with HCC defined as advanced using the various staging systems, and the Akaike information criterion (AIC) and likelihood ratio tests (LRTs) were used to evaluate the predictive value for overall survival in patients with advanced HCC. Using univariate and multivariate Cox's model analyses, the factors predictive of survival were also identified. A total of 220 patients with HBV-associated HCC were analyzed. Independent prognostic factors identified by multivariate analyses included tumor size, α-fetoprotein levels, blood urea nitrogen levels, the presence or absence of portal vein thrombus, Child-Pugh score and neutrophil count. When predicting 3-month survival, the AUCs of CLIP, CIS, CUPI, Okuda, TNM, JIS and BCLC were 0.806, 0.772, 0.751, 0.731, 0.643, 0.754 and 0.622, respectively. When predicting 6-month survival, the AUCs of CLIP, CIS, CUPI, Okuda, TNM, JIS and BCLC were 0.828, 0.729, 0.717, 0.692, 0.664, 0.746 and 0.575, respectively. For 3-month mortality, the prognostic value of CLIP ranked highest, followed by CIS; for 6-month mortality, the prognostic value of CLIP also ranked highest, followed by JIS. No significant difference between the AUCs of CLIP and CIS (P>0.05) in their predictive value for 3-month mortality was observed. The AUC of CLIP was significantly higher compared with that of the other staging systems (P<0.05) for predicting 6-month mortality. The χ2 values from the LRTs of CLIP, CIS, CUPI, Okuda, TNM, JIS and BCLC were 75.6, 48.4, 46.7, 36.0, 21.0, 46.8 and 7.24, respectively. The AIC values of CLIP, CIS, CUPI, Okuda, TNM, JIS and BCLC were 1601.5, 1632.3, 1629.9, 1641.1, 1654.8, 1627.4 and 1671.1, respectively. CLIP exhibited the highest χ2 value and lowest AIC value, indicating that CLIP has the highest predictive value of cumulative survival rate. In the selected patients of the present study, CLIP was the staging system best able to predict 3- and 6-month and overall survival rates. CIS ranked second in predicting 3-month mortality.

11.
Oncotarget ; 8(28): 45391-45398, 2017 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28512268

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Advance directives are a sensitive issue among traditional Chinese people, who usually refrain from mentioning this topic until it is imperative. Medical decisions for cancer patients are made by their families, and these decisions might violate patients' personal will. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the acceptance of advance directives among Chinese cancer patients and their families and patient participation in this procedure and, finally, to analyze the moral risk involved. RESULTS: While 246 patients and their family members refused official discussion of an advance directive, the remaining 166 patients and their families accepted the concept of an advance directive and signed a document agreeing to give up invasive treatment when the anti-cancer treatment was terminated. Of these, only 24 patients participated in the decision making. For 101 patients, anti-cancer therapy was ended prematurely with as many as 37 patients not told about their potential loss of health interests. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were 412 adult cancer patients from 9 leading hospitals across China. An advance directive was introduced to the main decision makers for each patient; if they wished to sign it, the advance directive would be systematically discussed. A questionnaire was given to the oncologists in charge of each patient to evaluate the interaction between families and patients, patients' awareness of their disease, and participation in an advance directive. CONCLUSIONS: Advance directives were not widely accepted among Chinese cancer patients unless anti-cancer therapy was terminated. Most cancer patients were excluded from the discussion of an advance directive.


Assuntos
Diretivas Antecipadas , Tomada de Decisões , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/psicologia , Preferência do Paciente , Adulto , Idoso , Conscientização , Família , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Participação do Paciente
13.
Tumour Biol ; 37(4): 5265-73, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26561464

RESUMO

Prognosis of patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is under expectation. Life expectancy more than 3 months is one inclusion criteria for molecular targeted drugs in clinical trials. The main purpose of this research is to compare Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) and four MELD-based prognostic models in predicting the survival rate of advanced HCC patients. One hundred eighty-three patients with advanced HCC who were not amendable to standard anti-tumor therapy were retrospectively analyzed. Data were collected to classify patients according to MELD, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease with the incorporation of serum sodium (MELD-NA), Model for End-Stage Liver Disease to ascites and sodium (MELD-AS), integrated Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (iMELD), and Model for End-Stage Liver Disease to sodium (MESO) scores at diagnosis. 1-, 3-, and 6-month survivals were the end points used in the analysis. When predicting 1-month survival, MELD-AS, MELD, and MESO were the top 3 ranking staging systems. When predicting 3-month survival, area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of MELD-AS is significantly higher than that of the other models (P < 0.05). When predicting 6-month survival, AUCs of MELD-AS and MELD-NA are significantly higher than those of the other models (P < 0.05). Cutoff point of MELD-AS is 23.11 with 40.5 % sensitivity and 93.8 % specificity at 1 month, 9.5 with 76.9 % sensitivity and 59.5 % specificity at 3 months, and 18.5 with 27.0 % sensitivity and 89.1 % specificity at 6 months. MELD-based scores of death group are significantly higher than those of survivors within 1 and 3 months (P < 0.001). Independent prognostic factors identified by multivariate analysis included persistent ascites, serum sodium, and thrombosis. MELD-AS is the best model in the prediction of short and intermediate survival among the five models for end-stage liver disease analyzed for Chinese advanced HCC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Doença Hepática Terminal/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Doença Hepática Terminal/sangue , Doença Hepática Terminal/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/sangue , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Sódio/sangue , Análise de Sobrevida
14.
Tumour Biol ; 37(3): 2951-9, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26411670

RESUMO

The prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients receiving transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is far from being identified. The present study aimed to assess the role of blood cell counts, routine liver function tests, and alanine aminotransferase to hemoglobin ratio (AHR) in predicting the progression-free survival (PFS) of these patients. A total of 243 HCC patients receiving TACE were analyzed retrospectively. Cancer of the Liver Italian Program (CLIP) score system was indentified to be the best score system for this patient subgroup according to the Akaike information criterion (AIC) index and linear trend χ (2). Then, prognostic value of parameters was determined by integration into the CLIP score system. As a result, AHR was confirmed to be an independent predictor for the PFS of HCC patients receiving TACE (p = 0.001) with the other parameters failing to reach statistical significance. Moreover, AHR improved the performance of CLIP by adjusting into it, thus improving its discriminatory ability. AHR defined ≤0.4583 as low level and >0.4583 as high level. And, patients were also dichotomized into two groups accordingly. HCC patients receiving TACE with low AHR presented higher 1 year DCR (41.9 vs 18.1 %) compared with patients with high AHR levels. Furthermore, AHR level was associated with prognostic factors such as lower ALP, total bilirubin, and portal vein thrombosis. In summary, the present study firstly indentified AHR as an independent prognostic factor in HCC patients receiving TACE. The subgroup of HCC patients with lower AHR presented preferable disease control and were the idealistic candidates for TACE.


Assuntos
Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Quimioembolização Terapêutica , Hemoglobinas/análise , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Criança , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
15.
World J Gastroenterol ; 21(38): 10898-906, 2015 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26478681

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the prognostic value of preoperative lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) undergoing curative hepatectomy. METHODS: Clinicopathological data of 210 hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated HCC patients who were treated by radical hepatic resection between 2003 and 2010 were retrospectively analyzed. None of the patients received any preoperative anticancer therapy or intraoperative radiofrequency ablation. The diagnosis was confirmed by pathological examination after surgery. Absolute peripheral blood lymphocyte and monocyte counts were derived from serum complete blood cell count before surgery, and LMR was calculated by dividing lymphocyte count by monocyte count. The best cutoff was determined by receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis. Correlations between LMR levels and clinicopathological features were assessed using the χ(2) test. Survival outcomes were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by the log-rank test. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate the prognostic impact of LMR and other clinicopathological factors on overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS), using the Cox proportional hazards model. RESULTS: The optimal cutoff value of LMR for survival analysis was 3.23, which resulted in the most appropriate sensitivity of 55.3% and specificity of 74.7%, with the area under the curve (AUC) of 0.66 (95%CI: 0.593-0.725). All patients were dichotomized into either a low (≤ 3.23) LMR group (n = 66) or a high (> 3.23) LMR group (n = 144). A low preoperative LMR level was significantly correlated with the presence of cirrhosis, elevated levels of total bilirubin and larger tumor size. Patients with a low LMR level had significantly reduced 5-year OS (61.9% vs 83.2%, P < 0.001) and RFS (27.8% vs 47.6%, P = 0.009) compared to those with a high LMR level. Multivariate analyses indicated that a lower LMR level was a significantly independent predictor of inferior OS (P = 0.003) and RFS (P = 0.006). Subgroup analysis indicated that survival outcome was significantly more favorable in cirrhotic patients with LMR > 3.23. However, there were no differences between low and high LMR groups for OS and RFS in non-cirrhotic patients. CONCLUSION: Preoperative LMR was demonstrated for the first time to serve as an independent prognostic factor in HBV-associated HCC patients after curative resection. Prospective studies with larger cohorts for validation are warranted.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Linfócitos , Monócitos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Período Pré-Operatório , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
16.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 16(15): 6311-6, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26434835

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In mainland China, awareness of disease of elderly cancer patients largely relies on the patients' families. We developed a staged procedure to improve their awareness of disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were 224 elderly cancer patients from 9 leading hospitals across Southern China. A questionnaire was given to the oncologists in charge of each patient to evaluate the interaction between family and patients, patient awareness of their disease and participation in medical decision-making. After first cycles of treatment, increased information of disease was given to patients with cooperation of the family. Then patient awareness of their disease and participation in medical decision-making was documented. RESULTS: Among the 224 cancer elderly patients, 26 (11.6%) made decisions by themselves and 125 (55.8%) delegated their rights of decision- making to their family. Subordinate family members tended to play a passive role in decision-making significantly. Patients participating more in medical decision-making tended to know more about their disease. However, in contrast to the awareness of disease, patient awareness of violation of medical recommendations was reversely associated with their participation in medical decision-making. Improvement in awareness of diagnosis, stages and prognosis was achieved in about 20% elderly cancer patients. About 5% participated more actively in medical decision-making. CONCLUSIONS: Chinese elderly cancer patient awareness of disease and participation in medical decision-making is limited and relies on their family status. The staged procedure we developed to improve patient awareness of disease proved effective.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisões , Relações Familiares , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Neoplasias/patologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Participação do Paciente , Prognóstico
17.
Eur J Oncol Nurs ; 19(2): 136-41, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25465773

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF THE RESEARCH: To compare the efficacy of dioctahedral smectite and iodine glycerin (DSIG) cream with topical mouth rinse (composed of saline, gentamicin and Vitamin B12) in treatment of chemotherapy induced oral mucositis (OM). METHODS AND SAMPLE: A total of 130 intensive chemotherapy or stem cells transplantation induced OM patients were recruited. Among these patients, 67 patients received topical mouth rinse and 63 patients received DSIG cream treatment. The OM would be treated on the OM appearance and sustained for 5 days. OM severity was measured daily using The American Oncology Nursing Society recommended Oral Assessment Guideline (OAG) score system. KEY RESULTS: Compared with topical mouth rinse treatment, a significant lower OAG score was observed in DSIG cream treated patients. Specifically, the OAG scores were respectively 12.1 ± 1.1, 12.0 ± 1.2, 11.3 ± 1.3 and 10.4 ± 1.3 from day 2 to day 5 in topical mouth rinse treatment subgroup. Correspondingly, the OAG scores were respectively 10.2 ± 1.0, 9.3 ± 0.9, 8.5 ± 0.6 and 8.0 ± 0.2 for DSIG cream treatment subset (all P < 0.05). Importantly, compared with topical mouth rinse treatment, the DSIG cream significantly shortened OM repair time (4.68 ± 0.98 vs. 8.76 ± 1.80 days, P < 0.001). After 5 days treatment, 54 patients (85.7%) obtained complete regression with an OAG score ≤8, and 7 patients (11.1%) had partial regression with an OAG score of 9-10 in DSIG cream treatment subgroup. However, only 2 patients (3.0%) obtained completed regression and 32 patients (47.8%) had partial regression in topical mouth rinse treatment cohort. Moreover, no serious side-effect was observed in both cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with topical mouth rinse, DSIG cream significantly lowered the OAG score and shortened OM duration.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos Locais/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Compostos de Iodo/uso terapêutico , Silicatos/uso terapêutico , Estomatite/induzido quimicamente , Estomatite/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Tópica , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Glicerol/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Antissépticos Bucais/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patologia , Projetos Piloto , Creme para a Pele , Solventes/uso terapêutico , Estomatite/patologia , Adulto Jovem
18.
Oncol Lett ; 10(5): 2691-2698, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26722228

RESUMO

Mature microRNA (miRNA) 34a-5p, which is a well-known tumor suppressor in hepatitis virus-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), plays an important role in cell processes, such as cell proliferation and apoptosis, and is therefore an optimal biomarker for future clinical use. However, the role of miRNA-34a-5p in chemoresistance has yet to be identified. In the present study, the expression of miRNA-34a-5p was assessed by an in situ hybridization assay in HCC tissues and was found to be significantly decreased compared with the pericarcinomatous areas of the tissue specimens, which consisted of samples obtained from 114 patients with HCC. High expression of miRNA-34a-5p was found to be associated with a favorable overall survival time in HCC patients. Functional tests performed by transfecting miRNA-34a-5p mimics or inhibitors into MHCC-97L cells illustrated that miRNA-34a-5p inhibited proliferation, elevated apoptosis and decreased chemoresistance to cisplatin in HCC cells. AXL is the direct target of miRNA-34a-5p, as confirmed by sequence analysis and luciferase assay. Transfection of the cells with small interfering RNA for AXL (siAXL) increased the apoptosis ratio of the MHCC-97L cell line. Transfection with siAXL led to similar biological behaviors in the MHCC-97L cells to those induced by ectopic expression of miRNA-34a-5p. Thus, it was concluded that miRNA-34a-5p enhanced the sensitivity of the cells to chemotherapy by targeting AXL in hepatocellular carcinoma. In addition, low expression of miRNA-34a-5p in HCC tissues yielded an unfavorable prognosis for patients with HCC that received radical surgery, due to the promotion of proliferation and an increase in chemoresistance in HCC cells.

19.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 16(18): 8665-70, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26745134

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation was reported to be induced by transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) in HBV-related hepatocellular carcinonma (HCC) patients with a high incidence. The effective strategy to reduce hepatitis flares due to HBV reactivation in this specific group of patients was limited to lamivudine. This retrospective study was aimed to investigate the efficacy of prophylactic entecavir in HCC patients receiving TACE. METHODS: A consecutive series of 191 HBV-related HCC patients receiving TACE were analyzed including 44 patients received prophylactic entecavir. Virologic events, defined as an increase in serum HBV DNA level to more than 1 log10 copies/ml higher than nadir the level, and hepatitis flares due to HBV reactivation were the main endpoints. RESULTS: Patients with or without prophylactic were similar in host factors and the majorities of characteristics regarding to tumor factors, HBV status, liver function and LMR. Notably, cycles of TACE were parallel between the groups. Ten (22.7%) patients receiving prophylactic entecavir reached virologic response. The patients receiving prophylactic entecavir presented significantly reduced virologic events (6.8% vs 54.4%, p=0.000) and hepatitis flares due to HBV reactivation (0.0% vs 11.6%, p=0.039) compared with patients without prophylaxis. Kaplan-Meier analysis illustrated that the patients in the entecavir group presented significantly improved virologic events free survival (p=0.000) and hepatitis flare free survival (p=0.017). Female and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 2 was the only significant predictors for virological events in patients without prophylactic antiviral. Rescue antiviral therapy did not reduce the incidence of hepatitis flares due to HBV reactivation. CONCLUSION: Prophylactic entecavir presented promising efficacy in HBV-related cancer patients receiving TACE. Lower performance status and female gender might be the predictors for HBV reactivation in these patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/métodos , Guanina/análogos & derivados , Artéria Hepática , Vírus da Hepatite B/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatite B/terapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antivirais/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Guanina/administração & dosagem , Hepatite B/virologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ativação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto Jovem
20.
Tumour Biol ; 36(4): 2263-9, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25409616

RESUMO

The platelet count, as an inflammation marker, is involved in the progress of tumor invasion. However, the prognostic value of platelet counts and the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) has not been investigated in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study aimed to determine the prognostic value of platelet counts and PLR in HCC patients. A total of 243 ethnic Chinese advanced HCC patients from two major hospitals, not receiving systemic sorafenib, were analyzed retrospectively. The prognostic value of differential blood cell counts and PLR for overall survival (OS) was determined by integrating the Cancer of the Liver Italian Program (CLIP) score system and model for end-stage liver disease by using a stepwise model of multivariate Cox regression. The Kaplan-Meier method and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were utilized accordingly. PLR was confirmed to be an independent predictor for OS (p < 0.01), while the remaining parameters had no predictive value. Then, advanced HCC patients were dichotomized into two groups based on the PLR value (≤111.23 or >111.23), according to ROC analysis. Patients with a high PLR had a lower 3-month survival rate (37.6 vs. 57.6%) compared with patients with a low PLR. PLR was associated with aggressive malignant behavior, characterized by distant metastasis and portal vein thrombosis. Additionally, PLR was not associated with the CLIP score and Child-Pugh grade. PLR was identified as an independent prognostic factor for advanced HCC patients not receiving systemic sorafenib; the predictive ability of PLR partially relies on its association with the aggressive nature of HCC.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Linfócitos/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contagem de Plaquetas , Prognóstico
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