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1.
Plant Dis ; 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645306

RESUMO

Potato (Solanum tuberosum cv. Norkotah) tubers with symptoms of soft rot were submitted to Oregon State University, Hermiston Agricultural Research and Extension Center Plant Clinic in 2019. One submission in May, originated from a field with poor emergence and seed piece decay (~20% affected) in Umatilla County, Oregon. The second submission, in September, originated from a field in Washington. From each submission, ~100 mg tissue at the margin of infection was washed with distilled water, excised, macerated in 500 L sterile distilled water for 5 minutes. The resulting solution was streaked on crystal violet pectate (CVP) medium and incubated at 28°C for 24 hours. One colony, representative of the many white colonies that formed depressions on CVP plates, was isolated from each submission. Bacterial isolates from Oregon and Washington were named JB56A and JB133A, respectively, and preserved in Luria-Bertani (LB) broth with 15% glycerol at -80°C for long-term storage. Genomic DNA was extracted from JB56A and JB133A cultures grown in LB broth overnight at 30°C using the Wizard SV Genomic DNA kit. The partial dnaX gene (537 bp) was amplified from genomic DNA of each isolate using dnaXf/dnaXr primers (Slawiak et al. 2009) and sequenced. These sequences were deposited to the NCBI GenBank Database, accession numbers MW930747 (JB56A) and MW930748 (JB133A). BLAST analyses (Altschul et al. 1990) using default parameters indicated that the dnaX sequences of JB56A and JB133A were 99.2% (533/537) and 98.7% (530/537) identical to that of P. versatile SCC1 (CP021894). A condensed maximum likelihood tree was built using the partial dnaX sequence of the two query strains, twelve Pectobacterium reference strains to include all known species of Pectobacterium, and four Dickeya species as an outgroup (Fig. S1). JB56A and JB133A formed a monophyletic clade with P. versatile SCC1. Potato (cv. Upstate Abundance) tuber and stem bioassays (Ma et al. 2018) were conducted twice to assess the pathogenicity of these isolates. Tubers were wounded with a sterile 2 mm wide wooden applicator stick and 5 µl culture grown in LB broth overnight (~109 CFU) was pipetted into the wound. Tubers were incubated at 29°C for 24 hours and cut through puncture sites to observe symptoms. Stems of four- or five-week-old plants were wounded with a sterile toothpick about 10 cm above the soil line and a smear of JB56A or JB133A grown on LB agar was inserted into the wound using a toothpick and incubated in a greenhouse for 72 hours. Positive controls (D. dianthicola ME23) and negative controls (no bacteria) were included in both assays. Tubers and stems exhibited disease symptoms after 24 and 72 hours, respectively, following inoculation with JB56A, JB133A, and D. dianthicola ME23. No symptoms were observed for negative controls. The identity of bacteria re-isolated from the margin of stem lesions was confirmed by partial dnaX sequence analyses. P. versatile was recently described as a distinct species based on whole genome sequence comparisons (Portier et al. 2019). In 2018, we isolated P. versatile from potato stems with blackleg disease in New York, and a recent study found that it was isolated in the US from an iris in 1946 (Ma et al. 2021; Portier et al. 2019). However, the geographic distribution and importance of this pathogen in the US remains largely unknown. To our knowledge, this is the first report of potato soft rot caused by P. versatile in Oregon and Washington, two important potato producing states.

2.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 10040-10051, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623167

RESUMO

Inspired by experimentally discovering ferromagnetism and ferroelectricity in two-dimensional (2D) CrGeTe3 and CuInP2S6 with similar geometric structures, respectively, we systematically investigated ferroic properties in a large family of 2D MIMIIGe2X6 (MI and MII = metal elements, X = S/Se/Te) by combining high-throughput first-principles calculations and the machine learning method. We identified 12 stable 2D multiferroics containing simultaneously ferromagnetic (FM) and ferroelectric (FE) properties and 35 2D ferromagnets without FE polarization. Particularly, the predicted FM Curie temperatures (TC) of eight 2D FM+FE semiconductors are close to or above room temperature. The ferroelectricity originates from the spontaneous geometric symmetry breaking induced by the unexpected shift of Ge-Ge atomic pairs and the emergence of Ge lone pair electrons, which also strengthens the p-d orbital hybridization between X atoms and metal atoms, leading to enhanced super-super-exchange interactions and raising the FM TC. Our findings not only enrich the family of 2D ferroic materials and present room-temperature FM semiconductors but also disclose the mechanism of the emerging ferroelectricity and enhanced ferromagnetism, which sheds light on the realization of high temperature multiferroics as well as FM semiconductors.

3.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(37): 15063-15072, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499495

RESUMO

Micro/nanomotors (MNMs) are miniaturized devices capable of performing self-propelled motion and on-demand tasks, which have brought revolutionary renovations in nanomedicine, environmental remediation, biochemical sensing, etc. Numerous methods of either chemical synthesis or physical fabrications have been extensively investigated to prepare MNMs of various shapes and functions. However, MNMs with replaceable engines that can be flexibly assembled and disassembled, resembling that of a macroscopic machine, have not been achieved. Here, for the first time, we report a demonstration of control over the engine replacement of self-propelled nanomotors based on hollow mesoporous silica nanoparticles (HMSNPs) via supramolecular machine-based host-guest assembly and disassembly between azobenzene (Azo) and ß-cyclodextrin (ß-CD). Nanomotors with different driving mechanisms can be rapidly constructed by selecting corresponding ß-CD-modified nanoengines of urease, Pt, or Fe3O4, to assemble with the azobenzene-modified HMSNPs (HMSNPs-Azo). In virtue of photoresponsive cis/trans isomer conversion of azobenzene molecules, engine switching can be accomplished by remote light triggered host-guest assembly or disassembly between HMSNPs-Azo and ß-CD-modified engines. Moreover, this method can quickly include multiple engines on the surface of the HMSNPs-Azo to prepare a hybrid MNM with enhanced motion capability. This strategy not only is cost-effective for the rapid and convenient preparation of nanomotors with different propulsion mechanism but also paves a new path to future multiple functionalization of MNMs for on-demand task assignment.

4.
J Mater Chem B ; 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505606

RESUMO

Rapid technology development and economic growth have brought attention to public health issues, such as food safety and environmental pollution, which creates an ever-increasing demand for fast and portable sensing technologies. Portable surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) capable of various analyte detection with low concentration in a convenient manner shows advantages in sensing technology including enhanced diagnostic precision, improved diagnostic efficiency, reduced diagnostic cost, and alleviation of patient pain, which emerges as a promising candidate for point-of-care testing (POCT). SERS detection technology based on different nanostructures made of noble metal-based nanomaterials can increase the sensitivity of Raman scattering by 6-8 orders of magnitude, making Raman based trace detection possible, and greatly promote the application scenarios of portable Raman spectrometers. In this perspective, we provide an overview of fundamental knowledge about the SERS mechanism including chemical and electromagnetic field enhancement mechanisms, the design and fabrication of SERS substrates based on materials, progress of using SERS for POCT in biochemical sensing and its clinical applications. Furthermore, we present the prospective of developing new nanomaterials with different functionalities for advanced SERS substrates, as well as the future advancement of biomedical sensing and clinical potential of SERS technology.

5.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5560, 2021 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34548490

RESUMO

Over the past years, broadband achromatic metalenses have been intensively studied due to their great potential for applications in consumer and industry products. Even though significant progress has been made, the efficiency of technologically relevant silicon metalenses is limited by the intrinsic material loss above the bandgap. In turn, the recently proposed achromatic metalens utilizing transparent, high-index materials such as titanium dioxide has been restricted by the small thickness and showed relatively low focusing efficiency at longer wavelengths. Consequently, metalens-based optical imaging in the biological transparency window has so far been severely limited. Herein, we experimentally demonstrate a polarization-insensitive, broadband titanium dioxide achromatic metalens for applications in the near-infrared biological imaging. A large-scale fabrication technology has been developed to produce titanium dioxide nanopillars with record-high aspect ratios featuring pillar heights of 1.5 µm and ~90° vertical sidewalls. The demonstrated metalens exhibits dramatically increased group delay range, and the spectral range of achromatism is substantially extended to the wavelength range of 650-1000 nm with an average efficiency of 77.1%-88.5% and a numerical aperture of 0.24-0.1. This research paves a solid step towards practical applications of flat photonics.

6.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(32): 38050-38060, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369138

RESUMO

Chemodynamic therapy (CDT) is an emerging strategy for cancer treatment based on Fenton chemistry, which can convert endogenous H2O2 into toxic ·OH. However, the limited endocytosis of passive CDT nanoagents with low penetrating capability resulted in unsatisfactory anticancer efficacy. Herein, we propose the successful fabrication of a self-propelled biodegradable nanomotor system based on hollow MnO2 nanoparticles with catalytic activity for active Fenton-like Mn2+ delivery and enhanced CDT. Compared with the passive counterparts, the significantly improved penetration of nanomotors with enhanced diffusion is demonstrated in both the 2D cell culture system and 3D tumor multicellular spheroids. After the intracellular uptake of nanomotors, toxic Fenton-like Mn2+ is massively produced by consuming overexpressed intracellular glutathione (GSH), which has a strong scavenging effect on ·OH, thereby leading to enhanced cancer CDT. The as-developed MnO2-based nanomotor system with enhanced penetration and endogenous GSH scavenging capability shows much promise as a potential platform for cancer treatment in the near future.

7.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(31): 12154-12164, 2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34339185

RESUMO

A popular principle in designing chemical micromachines is to take advantage of asymmetric chemical reactions such as the catalytic decomposition of H2O2. Contrary to intuition, we use Janus micromotors half-coated with platinum (Pt) or catalase as an example to show that this ingredient is not sufficient in powering a micromotor into self-propulsion. In particular, by annealing a thin Pt film on a SiO2 microsphere, the resulting microsphere half-decorated with discrete Pt nanoparticles swims ∼80% more slowly than its unannealed counterpart in H2O2, even though they both catalytically produce comparable amounts of oxygen. Similarly, SiO2 microspheres half-functionalized with the enzyme catalase show negligible self-propulsion despite high catalytic activity toward decomposing H2O2. In addition to highlighting how surface morphology of a catalytic cap enables/disables a chemical micromotor, this study offers a refreshed perspective in understanding how chemistry powers nano- and microscopic objects (or not): our results are consistent with a self-electrophoresis mechanism that emphasizes the electrochemical decomposition of H2O2 over nonelectrochemical pathways. More broadly, our finding is a critical piece of the puzzle in understanding and designing nano- and micromachines, in developing capable model systems of active colloids, and in relating enzymes to active matter.

8.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(31): 12220-12229, 2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34324821

RESUMO

Well-organized photosensitive units and catalytic sites in proximity are crucial for improving charge separation efficiency and boosting photocatalysis. Herein, a general and facile strategy for the construction of high-loading (>4 wt %) single-atom catalysts (SACs) with a tunable coordination microenvironment has been developed on the basis of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). The neighboring -O/OHx groups from a Zr6-oxo cluster in the MOFs provide lone-pair electrons and charge balance to immobilize the extraneous single metal atoms. The well-accessible and atomically dispersed metal sites possess close proximity to the photosensitive units (i.e., linkers), which greatly accelerates charge transfer and thereby promotes the redox reaction. The coordination environment of the representative single-atom Ni sites significantly modulates the electronic state and the proton activation barrier toward hydrogen production. As a result, the optimized Ni1-S/MOF with a unique Ni(I) microenvironment presents excellent photocatalytic H2 production activity, up to 270 fold of the pristine MOF and far surpassing the other Ni1-X/MOF counterparts. This work unambiguously demonstrates the great advantage of MOFs in the fabrication of high-content SACs with variable microenvironments that are in close proximity to photosensitive linkers, thereby facilitating the electron transfer and promoting photocatalysis.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296849

RESUMO

Micro/nanomotors have achieved huge progress in driving power divergence and accurate maneuver manipulations in the last two decades. However, there are still several obstacles to the potential biomedical applications, with respect to their biotoxicity and biocompatibility. Gallium- and indium-based liquid metal (LM) alloys are outstanding candidates for solving these issues due to their good biocompatibility and low biotoxicity. Hereby, we fabricate LM Janus micromotors (LMJMs) through ultrasonically dispersing GaInSn LM into microparticles and sputtering different materials as demanded to tune their moving performance. These LMJMs can move in alkaline solution due to the reaction between Ga and NaOH. There are two driving mechanisms when sputtering materials are metallic or nonmetallic. One is self-electrophoresis when sputtering materials are metallic, and the other one is self-diffusiophoresis when sputtering materials are nonmetallic. Our LMJMs can flip between those two modes by varying the deposited materials. The self-electrophoresis-driven LMJMs' moving speed is much faster than the self-diffusiophoresis-driven LMJMs' speed. The reason is that the former occurs galvanic corrosion reaction, while the latter is correlated to chemical corrosion reaction. The switching of the driving mechanism of the LMJMs can be used to fit into different biochemical application scenarios.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34176260

RESUMO

Micro/nano-motors (MNMs) that combine attributes of miniaturization and self-propelled swimming mobility have been explored for efficient environmental remediation in the past decades. However, their progresses in practical applications are now subject to several critical issues including a complicated fabrication process, low production yield, and high material cost. Herein, we propose a biotemplated catalytic tubular micromotor consisting of a kapok fiber (KF, abundant in nature) matrix and manganese dioxide nanoparticles (MnO2 NPs) deposited on the outer and inner walls of the KF and demonstrate its applications for rapid removal of methylene blue (MB) in real-world wastewater. The fabrication is straightforward via dipping the KF into a potassium permanganate (KMnO4) solution, featured with high yield and low cost. The distribution and amount of MnO2 can be easily controlled by varying the dipping time. The obtained motors are actuated and propelled by oxygen (O2) bubbles generated from MnO2-triggered catalytic decomposition of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), with the highest speed at 615 µm/s (i.e., 6 body length per second). To enhance decontamination efficacy and also enable magnetic navigation/recycling, magnetite nanoparticles (Fe3O4 NPs) are adsorbed onto such motors via an electrostatic effect. Both the Fe3O4-induced Fenton reaction and hydroxyl radicals from MnO2-catalyzed H2O2 decomposition can account for the MB removal (or degradation). Results of this study, taken together, provide a cost-effective approach to achieve high-yield production of the MNMs, suggesting an automatous microcleaner able to perform practical wastewater treatment.

11.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 22(6): 512-520, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34128374

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is involved in the pathogenesis of asthma. This study aimed to investigate whether serum MIF reflects a therapeutic response in allergic asthma. METHODS: We enrolled 30 asthmatic patients with mild-to-moderate exacerbations and 20 healthy controls, analyzing the parameter levels of serum MIF, serum total immunoglobulin E (tIgE), peripheral blood eosinophil percentage (EOS%), and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO). Lung function indices were used to identify disease severity and therapeutic response. RESULTS: Our study showed that all measured parameters in patients were at higher levels than those of controls. After one week of treatment, most parameter levels decreased significantly except for serum tIgE. Furthermore, we found that serum MIF positively correlated with EOS% as well as FeNO, but negatively correlated with lung function indices. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve analysis indicated that among the parameters, serum MIF exhibited a higher capacity to evaluate therapeutic response. The area under the curve (AUC) of MIF was 0.931, with a sensitivity of 0.967 and a specificity of 0.800. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggested that serum MIF may serve as a potential biomarker for evaluating therapeutic response in allergic asthma with mild-to-moderate exacerbations.

12.
ACS Nano ; 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34181392

RESUMO

Catalytically powered micro/nanobots (MNBs) can perform active movement by harnessing energy from in situ chemical reactions and show tremendous potential in biomedical applications. However, the development of imageable MNBs that are driven by bioavailable fuels and possess multiple therapeutic functions remains challenging. To resolve such issues, we herein propose enzyme (urease) powered liquid metal (LM) nanobots that are naturally of multiple therapeutic functions and imaging signals. The main body of the nanobot is composed of a biocompatible LM nanoparticle encapsulated by polydopamine (PDA). Urease enzyme needed for the powering and desired drug molecules, e.g., cefixime trihydrate antibiotic, are grafted on external surfaces of the PDA shell. Such a chemical composition endows the nanobots with dual-mode ultrasonic (US) and photoacoustic (PA) imaging signals and favorable photothermal effect. These LM nanobots exhibit positive chemotaxis and therefore can be collectively guided along a concentration gradient of urea for targeted transportation. When exposed to NIR light, the LM nanobots would deform and complete the function change from active drug carriers to photothermal reagents, to achieve synergetic antibacterial treatment by both photothermal and chemotherapeutic effects. The US and PA properties of the LM nanoparticle can be used to not only track and monitor the active movement of the nanobots in a microfluidic vessel model but also visualize their dynamics in the bladder of a living mouse in vivo. To conclude, the LM nanobots demonstrated herein represent a proof-of-concept therapeutic nanosystem with multiple biomedical functionalities, providing a feasible tool for preclinical studies and clinical trials of MNB-based imaging-guided therapy.

13.
Talanta ; 230: 122335, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33934788

RESUMO

C- reactive protein (CRP) is a sensitive indicator for infectious or inflammatory diseases in human which can reflect the body's inflammation latency and early pathophysiological changes. The most common detection method of serum CRP is ELISA that has been proved to be expensive and time-consuming, restricting its use in point-of-care application. In this paper, we demonstrated a lateral flow system for CRP quantification by using mesoporous silica (mSiO2) coated up-converting nanoparticles (UCNPs) (denoted as UCNPs@mSiO2) as fluorescent labels. The up-converting core can emit strong green fluorescence signals under NIR excitation light (980 nm) with excellent photostability, high signal-to-noise ratio and low background fluorescence. By wrapping ultrathin mSiO2 outside, the core-shell structured UCNPs@mSiO2 exhibits good dispersity and stability meanwhile maintains strong fluorescence emission. Besides, the mSiO2 shell provides further functionalities for antibody linkage. By using a portable fluorescence sensor, we reached a CRP detection limit of 0.05 ng/mL and a linear range from 0.1 ng/mL-50 ng/mL, and the detection time was no more than 8 min. The lateral flow test strips exhibit great stability in CRP quantification (CV%<5) and have a life time of more than 1 week at ambient temperature. Furthermore, the proposed system can work with a cloud-enabled smartphone through Bluetooth for Internet of Medical Things application. This CRP detection method proves to be rapid and easy-operated, which has great potential in early inflammatory disease perception in the point-of-care tests and future's 5G-enabled remote healthcare management.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Dióxido de Silício , Bioensaio , Proteína C-Reativa , Humanos , Prognóstico
14.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 186: 113279, 2021 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33979718

RESUMO

The lateral flow assay (LFA) is a widely used paper-based on-site biosensor that can detect target analytes and obtain test results in several minutes. Generally, antibodies are utilized as the biorecognition molecules in the LFA. However, antibodies selected using an in vivo process not only may risk killing the animal hosts and causing errors between different batches but also their range is restricted by the refrigerated conditions used to store them. To avoid these limitations, aptamers screened by an in vitro process have been studied as biorecognition molecules in LFAs. Based on the sandwich or competitive format, the aptamer-based LFA can accomplish on-site detection of target analytes. Since aptamers have a distinctive ability to undergo conformational changes, the adsorption-desorption format has also been exploited to detect target analytes in aptamer-based LFAs. This paper reviews developments in aptamer-based LFAs in the last three years for the detection of target analytes. Three formats of aptamer-based LFAs, i.e., sandwich, competitive, and adsorption-desorption, are described in detail. Based on these formats, signal amplification strategies and multiplexed detection are discussed in order to provide an overview of aptamer-based LFAs for on-site detection of target analytes. In addition, the potential commercialization and future perspectives of aptamer-based LFAs for rapid detection of SARS-CoV-2 are given to support the COVID-19 pandemic.

15.
Public Health Nurs ; 2021 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33949703

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effectiveness of an interactive sexual and reproductive health education program in aspects of knowledge, attitudes, and self-efficacy among adolescents. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study underpinned by social cognitive theory. SAMPLE: A stratified cluster sample of 469 students from the two-branch middle school in a city in eastern China who were assigned to the experimental (n = 233) and control (n = 236) groups. MEASUREMENTS: Students' sexual knowledge, attitudes, and refusal self-efficacy were assessed before (T0), immediately after (T1), and 1 month after the intervention (T2), respectively. INTERVENTION: Students in the experimental group received two 40-min sessions of the educational program while the control group received the usual mode of sexual and reproductive health education. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, students in the experimental group acquired more sexual knowledge (p < .01), and developed more positive sexual attitudes (p < .05) and stronger sexual self-efficacy (p < .05) across the study period. CONCLUSIONS: The proposed sexual and reproductive health education program incorporating various interactive activities was effective and could be used for school-based implementation led by nurses and other health care workers.

16.
J Synchrotron Radiat ; 28(Pt 3): 910-918, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33949998

RESUMO

The Long Short-Term Memory neural network (LSTM) has excellent learning ability for the time series of the nuclear pulse signal. It can accurately estimate the parameters (such as amplitude, time constant, etc.) of the digitally shaped nuclear pulse signal (especially the overlapping pulse signal). However, due to the large number of pulse sequences, the direct use of these sequences as samples to train the LSTM increases the complexity of the network, resulting in a lower training efficiency of the model. The convolution neural network (CNN) can effectively extract the sequence samples by using its unique convolution kernel structure, thus greatly reducing the number of sequence samples. Therefore, the CNN-LSTM deep neural network is used to estimate the parameters of overlapping pulse signals after digital trapezoidal shaping of exponential signals. Firstly, the estimation of the trapezoidal overlapping nuclear pulse is considered to be obtained after the superposition of multiple exponential nuclear pulses followed by trapezoidal shaping. Then, a data set containing multiple samples is set up; each sample is composed of the sequence of sampling values of the trapezoidal overlapping nuclear pulse and the set of shaping parameters of the exponential pulse before digital shaping. Secondly, the CNN is used to extract the abstract features of the training set in these samples, and then these abstract features are applied to the training of the LSTM model. In the training process, the pulse parameter set estimated by the present neural network is calculated by forward propagation. Thirdly, the loss function is used to calculate the loss value between the estimated pulse parameter set and the actual pulse parameter set. Finally, a gradient-based optimization algorithm is applied to update the weight by getting back the loss value together with the gradient of the loss function to the network, so as to realize the purpose of training the network. After model training was completed, the sampled values of the trapezoidal overlapping nuclear pulse were used as input to the CNN-LSTM model to obtain the required parameter set from the output of the CNN-LSTM model. The experimental results show that this method can effectively overcome the shortcomings of local convergence of traditional methods and greatly save the time of model training. At the same time, it can accurately estimate multiple trapezoidal overlapping pulses due to the wide width of the flat top, thus realizing the optimal estimation of nuclear pulse parameters in a global sense, which is a good pulse parameter estimation method.

17.
Anal Chem ; 93(16): 6516-6522, 2021 04 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33852275

RESUMO

Compared with short-lived emission probes featuring fluorescence imaging , the use of phosphorescent probes imparts the advantage of long-lived signal persistence that distinguishes against background fluorescence interference. However, the realization of ultralong organic phosphorescent (UOP) probes with an ultralong emission lifetime in an aqueous medium is still a challenge. Here, we present a rational strategy for obtaining UOP nanoparticles (NPs) in an air-saturated aqueous medium prepared using an organic phosphor (PDBCz) and a surfactant polymer (PVP), named PDBCz@PVP, showing an ultralong emission lifetime of 284.59 ms and a phosphorescence quantum efficiency of 7.6%. The excellent phosphorescence properties and water solubility of PDBCz@PVP make it a promising candidate for biological imaging. The as-prepared PDBCz@PVP NPs possess excellent luminescence intensity as well as illustrious biocompatibility both in vitro and in vivo. We demonstrate their use as an efficient phosphorescent nanoprobe both in living cells and zebrafish by capturing their afterglow emission signals under microscopy observation for the first time, realizing convenient and fast bioimaging with low cost, which allows for anti-fluorescence interference and shows promise for the future theragnostic applications in nanomedicine.


Assuntos
Medições Luminescentes , Nanopartículas , Peixe-Zebra , Animais , Luminescência , Polímeros
18.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(7): 10672-10687, 2021 04 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33839702

RESUMO

Neuroepithelial cell transforming gene 1 (NET1), a member of the guanine nucleotide exchange factor family, is involved in various cancers, including gastric cancer, breast cancer and glioma. However, the role of NET1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains largely uncovered. In this study, we found that NET1 expression was upregulated in HCC, and that upregulated NET1 expression was closely associated with poor prognosis and some clinical characteristics in HCC patients. Whilst forced expression of NET1 in HCC cells was observed to significantly promote cell growth and metastasis in vitro and in vivo; downregulation of NET1 was shown to exhibit an opposite inhibitory effect. RNA-seq analysis and gene set enrichment analysis demonstrated that knockdown of NET1 significantly suppressed the level of Akt phosphorylation level and the expression of Akt downstream genes in HCC cells. Moreover, MK2206, a potent Akt inhibitor was shown to block the NET1-induced effects in HCC. Taken together, this study demonstrated that, through the Akt signaling pathway, NET1 plays an oncogenic role in HCC progression and metastasis. Hence, NET1 may potentially be used as a potential therapeutic target and prognostic marker of HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Metástase Neoplásica/patologia , Proteínas Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Proteínas Oncogênicas/genética , Fosforilação
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(15): e25447, 2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33847650

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High pretreatment level of D-dimer in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is commonly encountered, but the impact of high pretreatment D-dimer level on the prognosis of SCLC patients remains undetermined. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis focusing specifically on the prognostic value of high pretreatment D-dimer level in SCLC patients comprehensively. METHODS: We searched systematically in PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science for relevant studies published before January 28, 2019. Outcomes including 1-year overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) rates, and hazard ratios (HRs) of OS and PFS from multivariate analysis were extracted and analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 5 cohort studies consisting of 813 SCLC patients (473 patients with high pretreatment level of D-dimer and 340 with normal level of D-dimer) were finally included for meta-analysis. We found that patients with high pretreatment level of D-dimer had significantly shorter 1-year OS (47.6% vs 79.9%; fixed effects: risk ratio [RR] = 2.506; 95% confidence interval [CI] = [1.948, 3.224]; P < .001) and PFS (15.8% vs 34.0%; random effects: RR = 1.294; 95% CI = [1.060, 1.579]; P = .011) rates than those with normal level of D-dimer. Moreover, high pretreatment D-dimer level was further proved to remain as an unfavorable predictor of OS (fixed effects: HR = 1.865; 95% CI = [1.469, 2.367]; P < .001; I2 = 7.6%) and PFS (fixed effects: HR = 1.513; 95% CI = [1.183, 1.936]; P = .001; I2 = 0.0%) in patients with SCLC. CONCLUSION: High pretreatment level of D-dimer was found to be an independent unfavorable prognostic factor in SCLC patients. However, more studies with sufficient adjustment for confounding factors are encouraged to confirm our conclusions.


Assuntos
Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/sangue , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Razão de Chances , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/terapia , Taxa de Sobrevida
20.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 181: 113160, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33740542

RESUMO

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is spreading around the globe since December 2019. There is an urgent need to develop sensitive and online methods for on-site diagnosing and monitoring of suspected COVID-19 patients. With the huge development of Internet of Things (IoT), the impact of Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) provides an impressive solution to this problem. In this paper, we proposed a 5G-enabled fluorescence sensor for quantitative detection of spike protein and nucleocapsid protein of SARS-CoV-2 by using mesoporous silica encapsulated up-conversion nanoparticles (UCNPs@mSiO2) labeled lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA). The sensor can detect spike protein (SP) with a detection of limit (LOD) 1.6 ng/mL and nucleocapsid protein (NP) with an LOD of 2.2 ng/mL. The feasibility of the sensor in clinical use was further demonstrated by utilizing virus culture as real clinical samples. Moreover, the proposed fluorescence sensor is IoMT enabled, which is accessible to edge hardware devices (personal computers, 5G smartphones, IPTV, etc.) through Bluetooth. Medical data can be transmitted to the fog layer of the network and 5G cloud server with ultra-low latency and high reliably for edge computing and big data analysis. Furthermore, a COVID-19 monitoring module working with the proposed the system is developed on a smartphone application (App), which endows patients and their families to record their medical data and daily conditions remotely, releasing the burdens of going to central hospitals. We believe that the proposed system will be highly practical in the future treatment and prevention of COVID-19 and other mass infectious diseases.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Sistemas Computacionais , Imunoensaio , Fluorescência , Humanos , Prognóstico , SARS-CoV-2
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