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1.
Comput Biol Chem ; 92: 107481, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33838390

RESUMO

In this study, firstly, the pharmacophore model was established based on LAR inhibitors. ZINC database and drug-like database were screened by Hypo-1-LAR model, and the embryonic compound ZINC71414996 was obtained. Based on this compound, we designed 9 compounds. Secondly, the synthetic route of the compound was determined by consulting Reaxys and Scifinder databases, and 9 compounds (1a-1i) were synthesized by nucleophilic substitution, Suzuki reaction and so on. Meanwhile, their structures were confirmed by 1H NMR and 13C NMR. Thirdly, the Enzymatic assays was carried out, the biological evaluation of compounds 1a-1i led to the identification of a novel PTP-LAR inhibitor 1c, which displayed an IC50 value of 4.8 µM. At last, molecular dynamics simulation showed that compounds could interact strongly with the key amino acids LYS1350, LYS1352, ARG1354, TYR1355, LYS1433, ASP1435, TRP1488, ASP1490, VAL1493, SER1523, ARG1528, ARG1561, GLN1570, LYS1681, thereby inhibiting the protein activity. This study constructed the pharmacophore model of LAR protein, designed small-molecule inhibitors, conducted compound synthesis and enzyme activity screening, so as to provide a basis for searching for drug-capable lead compounds.


Assuntos
Desenho de Fármacos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases Classe 2 Semelhantes a Receptores/antagonistas & inibidores , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/farmacologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases Classe 2 Semelhantes a Receptores/metabolismo , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/síntese química , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/química
2.
Mol Divers ; 25(3): 1873-1887, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33392964

RESUMO

The E69K mutation is one of the most frequent protein tyrosine phosphatase-2 (SHP2) mutations in leukemia, and it can cause the increase in the protein activity. Recent studies have shown that the E69K mutation was fairly sensitive to the allosteric inhibitor of SHP2 (SHP099). However, the molecular mechanism of the allosteric drug SHP099 inhibiting SHP2E69K remains unclear. Thus, the molecular dynamic simulations and the post-dynamics analyses (RMSF, PCA, DCCM, RIN and the binding free energies) for SHP2WT, SHP2WT-SHP099, SHP2E69K and SHP2E69K-SHP099 were carried out, respectively. Owing to the strong binding affinity of SHP099 to residues Thr219 and Arg220, the flexibility of linker region (residues Val209-Arg231) was reduced. Moreover, the presence of SHP099 kept the autoinhibition state of the SHP2 protein through enhancing the interactions between the linker region and Q loop in PTP domain, such as Thr219/Val490, Thr219/Asn491, Arg220/Ile488 and Leu254/Asn491. In addition, it was found that the residues (Thr219, Arg220, Leu254 and Asn491) might be the key residues responsible for the conformational changes of protein. Overall, this study may provide an important basis for understanding how the SHP099 effectively inhibited the SHP2E69K activity at the molecular level.

3.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; 39(1): 45-62, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31842717

RESUMO

Owing to their inhibitory role in regulating oligodendrocyte differentiation and apoptosis, protein tyrosine phosphatase sigma (PTPσ) and leukocyte common antigen-related phosphatase (LAR) play a crucial potential role in treating spinal cord injury (SCI) disease. In this research, the computer aided drug design (CADD) methods were applied to discover the potential dual-target drug involving virtual screen, molecular docking and molecular dynamic simulation. Initially, the top 20 compounds with higher docking score than the positive controls (ZINC13749892, ZINC14516161) were virtually screened out from NCI and ZINC databases, and then were submitted in ADMET to predict their drug properties. Among these potential compounds, ZINC72417086 showed a higher docking score and satisfied Lipinski's rule of five. In addition, the post-analysis demonstrated that when ZINC72417086 bound to PTPσ and LAR, it could stable proteins conformations and destroy the residues interactions between P-loop and other loop regions in active pocket. Meanwhile, residue ARG1595 and ARG1528 could play a crucial role in in the inhibition of PTPσ and LAR, respectively. This research offered a novel approach for rapid discovery of dual-target leads compounds to treat SCI.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.


Assuntos
Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases Classe 2 Semelhantes a Receptores , Antígenos Comuns de Leucócito , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Monoéster Fosfórico Hidrolases , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases Classe 2 Semelhantes a Receptores/metabolismo
4.
J Mol Graph Model ; 103: 107807, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33338846

RESUMO

Abnormal activation of Ras/MAPK signaling pathway could trigger excessive cell division. Src-homology 2 (SH2) domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase (SHP2) could promote Ras/MAPK activation by integrating growth factor signals. Thus, SHP2 inhibitors had become a hot topic in the treatment of cancer. SHP2F285S, mutation in SHP2, was detected in leukemia variants. The compound 2 (3-benzyl-8-chloro-2-hydroxy-4H-benzo[4,5]thiazolo[3,2-a]pyrimidin-4-one) had been reported that it was a potent allosteric inhibitor of both SHP2 wild type (SHP2WT) and the F285S mutant (SHP2F285S). However, the mechanism of inhibition remained to be further discovered. Herein, molecular docking and molecular dynamic (MD) simulation were performed to explain the inhibition mechanism of compound 2 on SHP2WT and SHP2F285S. Overall, the molecular docking analysis revealed that compound 2 maintained the "close" structure of SHP2 protein probably by locking the C-SH2 and PTP domain. Next, post-analysis demonstrated that compound 2 might make TYR66-GLU76 of D'E-loop in N-SH2 and GLU258-LYS266 of B'C-loop, HIS458-ARG465 of P-loop, VAL497-THR507 of Q-loop in PTP domain regions tightly connect and much easier maintain "self-inhibited" conformation of SHP2F285S-compound2 than that of SHP2WT-compound2. Importantly, GLU76 of D'E-loop could play a vital role in inhibition of SHP2WT-compound2 and SHP2F285S-compound2. This work provided a reliable clue to develop novel inhibitors for leukemia related to SHP2F285S.


Assuntos
Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 11 , Conformação Molecular , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Mutação , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 11/genética , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 11/metabolismo
5.
Bioorg Chem ; 105: 104391, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33113413

RESUMO

PTPN11 (coding the gene of SHP2), a classic non-receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase, is implicated in multiple cell signaling pathway. Abnormal activation of SHP2 has been shown to contribute to a variety of human diseases, including Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML), Noonan syndrome and tumors. Thus, the SHP2 inhibitors have important therapeutic value. Here, based on the compound PubChem CID 8,478,960 (IC50 = 45.01 µM), a series of thiophene [2,3-d] pyrimidine derivatives (IC50 = 0.4-37.87 µM) were discovered as novel and efficient inhibitors of SHP2 through powerful "core hopping" and CDOCKER technology. Furthermore, the SHP2-PTP phosphatase activity assay indicated that Comp#5 (IC50 = 0.4 µM) was the most active SHP2 inhibitor. Subsequently, the effects of Comp#5 on the structure and function of SHP2 were investigated through molecular dynamics (MD) simulation and post-kinetic analysis. The result indicated that Comp#5 enhanced the interaction of residues THR357, ARG362, LYS366, PRO424, CYS459, SER460, ALA461, ILE463, ARG465, THR507 and GLN510 with the surrounding residues, improving the stability of the catalytic active region and the entrance of catalytic active region. In particular, the Comp#5 conjugated with residue ARG362, elevating the efficient and selectivity of SHP2 protein. The study here may pave the way for discovering the novel SHP2 inhibitors for suffering cancer patients.


Assuntos
Desenho de Fármacos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 11/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Tiofenos/farmacologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Análise de Componente Principal , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 11/metabolismo , Pirimidinas/síntese química , Pirimidinas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tiofenos/síntese química , Tiofenos/química
6.
Bioorg Chem ; 100: 103875, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32380342

RESUMO

SHP2 is a non-receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase encoded by the PTPN11 gene, which affects the transduction of multiple signaling pathways, including RAS-ERK, PI3K-AKT and JAK-STAT. SHP2 also plays an important role in the programmed cell death pathway (PD-1/PD-L1). Studies have shown that SHP2 is associated with a variety of cancers, including breast, liver and gastric cancers. Therefore, the development of SHP2 inhibitors has attracted extensive attention. In this study, based on the known inhibitor 1 (SHP099), novel SHP2 inhibitors were designed by means of scaffold hopping, and 35 pyridine derivatives as SHP2 inhibitors were found. The in vitro enzyme activity assay was performed on these compounds, and multiple selective SHP2 inhibitors with activity potency similar to that of SHP099 were obtained. Among them, compound (2-(4-(aminomethyl)piperidin-1-yl)-5-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)pyridin-3-yl)methanol (11a) was the most potent and highly selective SHP2 inhibitor with an in vitro enzyme activity IC50 value of 1.36 µM. Fluorescence titration assay verified that 11a bound directly to SHP2 protein. Subsequently, cell assay of representative compounds showed that these compounds could effectively inhibit the proliferation of Ba/F3 cells. In addition, the pharmacokinetic characteristics of the designed compounds were analyzed by the in silico ADMET prediction. Molecular docking study provided more detailed information on the binding mode of compounds and SHP2 protein. In brief, this study reported for the first time that pyridine derivatives as novel SHP2 inhibitors had good inhibitory activity and selectivity, providing new clues for the development of small molecule SHP2 inhibitors.


Assuntos
Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 11/antagonistas & inibidores , Piridinas/química , Piridinas/farmacologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Desenho de Fármacos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacocinética , Humanos , Camundongos , Modelos Biológicos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 11/metabolismo , Piridinas/síntese química , Piridinas/farmacocinética
7.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; 38(15): 4432-4448, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31625456

RESUMO

Owing to their unique functions in regulating the synapse activity of protein tyrosine phosphatases delta (PTPδ) that has drawn special attention for developing drugs to autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). In this study, the PTPδ pharmacophore was first established by the structure-based pharmacophore method. Subsequently, 10 compounds contented Lipinski's rule of five was acquired by the virtual screening of the PTPδ pharmacophore against ZINC and PubChem databases. Then, the 10 identified molecules were discovered that had better binding affinity than a known PTPδ inhibitors compound SCHEMBL16375396. Two compounds SCHEMBL16375408 and ZINC19796658 with high binding score, low toxicity were gained. They were observed by docking analysis and molecular dynamics simulations that the novel potential inhibitors not only possessed the same function as SCHEMBL16375396 did in inhibiting PTPδ, but also had more favorable conformation to bind with the catalytic active regions. This study provides a new method for identify PTPδ inhibitor for the treatment of ASDs disease.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.


Assuntos
Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Relação Quantitativa Estrutura-Atividade , Domínio Catalítico , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases
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