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Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 71(6): 917-934, 2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31879747

RESUMO

Exosome is a kind of nanoscale-size extracellular vesicles secreted by the means of cell active stimulation with outer membrane structure of vacuoles corpuscle. It can carry and transfer a lot of biological molecules, such as DNA fragments, circular RNA (circRNA), messenger RNA (mRNA), microRNA (miRNA), functional proteins, transcription factors, etc., so as to achieve the goal of information transmission between cells. The relationship between exosomes and diabetes has received extensive attention in recent years. The exosomes play an important role in insulin sensitivity, glucose homeostasis and vascular endothelial function. This paper reviews the role of exosomes in the occurrence and development of diabetes and its complications, and discusses the role and prospect of exosomes as a target for diabetes treatment and its role in the diagnosis and treatment of diabetes.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Exossomos , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/fisiopatologia , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Exossomos/metabolismo , Humanos , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
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