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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33373184

RESUMO

The rapid advance of fused-ring electron acceptors (FREAs) has made them a potential substitute to fullerene-based acceptors and offered new avenues for the construction of organic solar cells (OSCs). Nonfused-ring acceptors (NFRAs) could significantly reduce the synthetic cost while achieving reasonable power conversion efficiencies (PCEs). Widely used fullerene acceptors have been applied as a second acceptor to regulate the morphology, absorption, and electron transport. To take full advantage of both nonfullerene and fullerene acceptors at the same time, we rationally designed and synthesized two novel NFRAs with phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) as the lateral pendent. With the incorporation of fullerene pendent in PCBM-C6 and PCBM-C10, varied UV-vis absorption and photoluminescence (PL) quenching behaviors were observed, and isotropic diffraction patterns were obtained via grazing incidence wide-angle X-ray scattering (GIWAXS) measurements. The bulky, spherical, and electronic isotropic fullerene pendent could effectively suppress severe molecular aggregation and form the preferred blend morphology. This strategy significantly improved the efficiencies for exciton separation and charge collection relative to the control acceptor CH3COO-C6. Finally, the Voc, Jsc, and fill factor (FF) of PCBM-C10-based devices were simultaneously improved and an enhanced PCE of 13.55% was accomplished.

2.
Adv Mater ; 32(39): e2002122, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844465

RESUMO

Compared with inorganic or perovskite solar cells, the relatively large non-radiative recombination voltage losses (ΔVnon-rad ) in organic solar cells (OSCs) limit the improvement of the open-circuit voltage (Voc ). Herein, OSCs are fabricated by adopting two pairs of D-π-A polymers (PBT1-C/PBT1-C-2Cl and PBDB-T/PBDB-T-2Cl) as electron donors and a wide-bandgap molecule BTA3 as the electron acceptor. In these blends, a charge-transfer state energy (ECT ) as high as 1.70-1.76 eV is achieved, leading to small energetic differences between the singlet excited states and charge-transfer states (ΔECT ≈ 0.1 eV). In addition, after introducing chlorine atoms into the π-bridge or the side chain of benzodithiophene (BDT) unit, electroluminescence external quantum efficiencies as high as 1.9 × 10-3 and 1.0 × 10-3 are realized in OSCs based on PBTI-C-2Cl and PBDB-T-2Cl, respectively. Their corresponding ΔVnon-rad are 0.16 and 0.17 V, which are lower than those of OSCs based on the analog polymers without a chlorine atom (0.21 and 0.24 V for PBT1-C and PBDB-T, respectively), resulting in high Voc of 1.3 V. The ΔVnon-rad of 0.16 V and Voc of 1.3 V achieved in PBT1-C-2Cl:BTA3 OSCs are thought to represent the best values for solution-processed OSCs reported in the literature so far.

3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(77): 11433-11436, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32845952

RESUMO

A new non-fullerene acceptor PDFC is prepared by introducing perylene diimide into the core of an A-DA'D-A architecture. Due to the large conjugation and electron-deficient ability of perylene diimide, PDFC shows strong absorption, suitable energy levels and favorable face-on packing. The optimal device realizes a PCE of 12.56% with one of the highest fill factors (81.3%). A PCE of 9.66% is obtained in a 570 nm thick-film device based on PDFC.

4.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(37): 41861-41868, 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32819097

RESUMO

Chemical modification of end groups has proved to be an effective way to design new acceptor-donor-acceptor (A-D-A)-structured nonfullerene acceptors (NFAs) for high-performance organic solar cells (OSCs). Herein, we designed and synthesized two nitro-substituted end groups, N1 and N2. Using the two end groups as A units, two A-D-A acceptors, F-N1 and F-N2, were obtained. It also has been found that the nitro substitution position on end groups affects not only the absorptions and energy levels of the resultant acceptor materials but also their molecular packing behavior and active layer morphologies. In addition, the devices based on the two acceptors showed different energy losses. Power-conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of 10.66 and 11.86% were achieved for F-N1- and F-N2-based devices, respectively. This work reveals that the nitration of end groups is one of the potential strategies for designing high-performance photovoltaic active layer materials.

5.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 59(48): 21683-21692, 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32815586

RESUMO

A record power conversion efficiency of 8.40 % was obtained in single-component organic solar cells (SCOSCs) based on double-cable conjugated polymers. This is realized based on exciton separation playing the same role as charge transport in SCOSCs. Two double-cable conjugated polymers were designed with almost identical conjugated backbones and electron-withdrawing side units, but extra Cl atoms had different positions on the conjugated backbones. When Cl atoms were positioned at the main chains, the polymer formed the twist backbones, enabling better miscibility with the naphthalene diimide side units. This improves the interface contact between conjugated backbones and side units, resulting in efficient conversion of excitons into free charges. These findings reveal the importance of charge generation process in SCOSCs and suggest a strategy to improve this process: controlling miscibility between conjugated backbones and aromatic side units in double-cable conjugated polymers.

6.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2972, 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278271

RESUMO

Organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) suffer from notorious light trapping, resulting in only moderate external quantum efficiencies. Here, we report a facile, scalable, lithography-free method to generate controllable nanostructures with directional randomness and dimensional order, significantly boosting the efficiency of white OLEDs. Mechanical deformations form on the surface of poly(dimethylsiloxane) in response to compressive stress release, initialized by reactive ions etching with periodicity and depth distribution ranging from dozens of nanometers to micrometers. We demonstrate the possibility of independently tuning the average depth and the dominant periodicity. Integrating these nanostructures into a two-unit tandem white organic light-emitting diode, a maximum external quantum efficiency of 76.3% and a luminous efficacy of 95.7 lm W-1 are achieved with extracted substrate modes. The enhancement factor of 1.53 ± 0.12 at 10,000 cd m-2 is obtained. An optical model is built by considering the dipole orientation, emitting wavelength, and the dipole position on the sinusoidal nanotexture.

7.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 10(11): 2684-2691, 2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31066274

RESUMO

An understanding of the factors limiting the open-circuit voltage ( Voc) and related photon energy loss mechanisms is critical to increase the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of small-molecule organic solar cells (OSCs), especially those with near-infrared (NIR) absorbers. In this work, two NIR boron dipyrromethene (BODIPY) molecules are characterized for application in planar (PHJ) and bulk (BHJ) heterojunction OSCs. When two H atoms are substituted by F atoms on the peripheral phenyl rings of the molecules, the molecular aggregation type in the thin film changes from the H-type to J-type. For PHJ devices, the nonradiative voltage loss of 0.35 V in the J-aggregated BODIPY is lower than that of 0.49 V in the H-aggregated device. In BHJ devices with a nonradiative voltage loss of 0.35 V, a PCE of 5.5% is achieved with an external quantum efficiency (EQE) maximum of 68% at 700 nm.

8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(21): 19444-19451, 2019 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060351

RESUMO

Two A-π-D-π-A-type non-fullerene acceptors (IDT-ToFIC and IDT-TiFIC) with 5-hexylthienyl chains substituted at the inner and outer ß-positions of the thiophene π-bridge have been designed, respectively. Impacts of varied positional modifications are systematically studied. By utilizing PBDB-T as the donor, polymer solar cells are constructed with these two molecules as acceptors. Power conversion efficiencies of 11.09 and 9.46% are acquired for IDT-ToFIC- and IDT-TiFIC-based devices, respectively. Our studies have demonstrated that the use of thiophene spacers carrying one conjugated side chain at different positions can markedly enhance the photovoltaic properties relative to the corresponding control molecule IDTT2F.

9.
J Am Chem Soc ; 139(39): 13636-13639, 2017 10 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28914535

RESUMO

Three furan fused boron dipyrromethenes (BODIPYs) with a CF3 group on the meso-carbon are synthesized as near-infrared absorbing materials for vacuum processable organic solar cells. The best single junction device reaches a short-circuit current (jsc) of 13.3 mA cm-2 and a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 6.1%. These values are highly promising for an electron donor material with an absorption onset beyond 900 nm. In a tandem solar cell comprising a NIR BODIPY subcell and a matching "green" absorber subcell, complementary absorption is achieved, resulting in PCE of ∼10%.

10.
Adv Mater ; 29(33)2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28675522

RESUMO

Spectroscopic photodetection is a powerful tool in disciplines such as medical diagnosis, industrial process monitoring, or agriculture. However, its application in novel fields, including wearable and biointegrated electronics, is hampered by the use of bulky dispersive optics. Here, solution-processed organic donor-acceptor blends are employed in a resonant optical cavity device architecture for wavelength-tunable photodetection. While conventional photodetectors respond to above-gap excitation, the cavity device exploits weak subgap absorption of intermolecular charge-transfer states of the intercalating poly[2,5-bis(3-tetradecylthiophen-2-yl)thieno[3,2-b]thiophene] (PBTTT):[6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) bimolecular crystal. This enables a highly wavelength selective, near-infrared photoresponse with a spectral resolution down to 14 nm, as well as dark currents and detectivities comparable with commercial inorganic photodetectors. Based on this concept, a miniaturized spectrophotometer, comprising an array of narrowband cavity photodetectors, is fabricated by using a blade-coated PBTTT:PCBM thin film with a thickness gradient. As an application example, a measurement of the transmittance spectrum of water by this device is demonstrated.

11.
Chempluschem ; 82(2): 190-194, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961543

RESUMO

Two novel aza-BODIPY derivatives are synthesized, with the fluorine atoms in the BF2 moiety replaced by cyano groups. The introduction of cyano groups changes the phenyl substituents on the 3,5 positions from parallel to antiparallel. The HOMO/LUMO energy levels are stabilized gradually upon increasing the number of cyano groups, and the photophysical properties show corresponding shifts. With high thermal stability, the derivatives can be purified by sublimation and used to prepare vacuum-deposited thin films. This research extends the aza-BODIPY family with cyano-substituted derivatives.

12.
J Am Chem Soc ; 133(36): 14244-7, 2011 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21848297

RESUMO

A new, low-band-gap alternating copolymer consisting of terthiophene and isoindigo has been designed and synthesized. Solar cells based on this polymer and PC(71)BM show a power conversion efficiency of 6.3%, which is a record for polymer solar cells based on a polymer with an optical band gap below 1.5 eV. This work demonstrates the great potential of isoindigo moieties as electron-deficient units for building donor-acceptor-type polymers for high-performance polymer solar cells.

13.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 47(17): 4908-10, 2011 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21431215

RESUMO

A new low band gap polymer (E(g) = 1.6 eV) with alternating thiophene and isoindigo units was synthesized and characterized. A PCE of 3.0% and high open-circuit voltage of 0.89 V were realized in polymer solar cells, which demonstrated the promise of isoindigo as an electron deficient unit in the design of donor-acceptor conjugated polymers for polymer solar cells.

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