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3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32779877

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We sought to identify baseline demographics and procedural factors that might independently predict in-hospital stroke following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). BACKGROUND: Stroke is a recognized, albeit infrequent, complication of TAVI. Established predictors of procedure-related in-hospital stroke; however, remain poorly defined. METHODS: We conducted an observational cohort analysis of the multicenter UK TAVI registry. The primary outcome measure was the incidence of in-hospital stroke. RESULTS: A total of 8,652 TAVI procedures were performed from 2007 to 2015. There were 205 in-hospital strokes reported by participating centers equivalent to an overall stroke incidence of 2.4%. Univariate analysis showed that the implantation of balloon-expandable valves caused significantly fewer strokes (balloon-expandable 96/4,613 [2.08%] vs. self-expandable 95/3,272 [2.90%]; p = .020). After multivariable analysis, prior cerebrovascular disease (CVD) (odds ratio [OR] 1.51, 95% confidence interval [CI 1.05-2.17]; p = .03), advanced age at time of operation (OR 1.02 [0.10-1.04]; p = .05), bailout coronary stenting (OR 5.94 [2.03-17.39]; p = .008), and earlier year of procedure (OR 0.93 [0.87-1.00]; p = .04) were associated with an increased in-hospital stroke risk. There was a reduced stroke risk in those who had prior cardiac surgery (OR 0.62 [0.41-0.93]; p = .01) and a first-generation balloon-expandable valve implanted (OR 0.72 [0.53-0.97]; p = .03). In-hospital stroke significantly increased 30-day (OR 5.22 [3.49-7.81]; p < .001) and 1-year mortality (OR 3.21 [2.15-4.78]; p < .001). CONCLUSIONS: In-hospital stroke after TAVI is associated with substantially increased early and late mortality. Factors independently associated with in-hospital stroke were previous CVD, advanced age, no prior cardiac surgery, and deployment of a predominantly first-generation self-expandable transcatheter heart valve.

4.
Eur Heart J ; 2020 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731260

RESUMO

AIMS: The purpose of this study was to develop a practical risk score to predict poor neurological outcome after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OOHCA) for use on arrival to a Heart Attack Centre. METHODS AND RESULTS: From May 2012 to December 2017, 1055 patients had OOHCA in our region, of whom 373 patients were included in the King's Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest Registry (KOCAR). We performed prediction modelling with multivariable logistic regression to identify predictors of the primary outcome to derive a risk score. This was externally validated in two independent cohorts comprising 473 patients. The primary endpoint was poor neurological outcome at 6-month follow-up (Cerebral Performance Category 3-5). Seven independent predictors of outcome were identified: missed (unwitnessed) arrest, initial non-shockable rhythm, non-reactivity of pupils, age (60-80 years-1 point; >80 years-3 points), changing intra-arrest rhythms, low pH <7.20, and epinephrine administration (2 points). The MIRACLE2 score had an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.90 in the development and 0.84/0.91 in the validation cohorts. Three risk groups were defined-low risk (MIRACLE2 ≤2-5.6% risk of poor outcome); intermediate risk (MIRACLE2 of 3-4-55.4% of poor outcome); and high risk (MIRACLE2 ≥5-92.3% risk of poor outcome). The MIRACLE2 score had superior discrimination than the OHCA [median AUC 0.83 (0.818-0.840); P < 0.001] and Cardiac Arrest Hospital Prognosis models [median AUC 0.87 (0.860-0.870; P = 0.001] and equivalent performance with the Target Temperature Management score [median AUC 0.88 (0.876-0.887); P = 0.092]. CONCLUSIONS: The MIRACLE2 is a practical risk score for early accurate prediction of poor neurological outcome after OOHCA, which has been developed for simplicity of use on admission.

5.
Clin Med (Lond) ; 20(5): e170-e172, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32719037

RESUMO

During the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic the restructure of healthcare services to meet the huge increase in demand for hospital resource and capacity has led to the proposal that where necessary ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) could be managed by intravenous thrombolysis in the first instance as a means of reducing the workforce requirements of a primary angioplasty service run at a heart attack centre. Our modelling, based on data from the UK, shows that contrary to reducing demand, the effect on both mortality and bed occupancy would be negative with 158 additional deaths per year for each 10% reduction in primary angioplasty and at a cost of ~8,000 additional bed days per year for the same reduction. Our analysis demonstrates that specialist services such as heart attack pathways should be protected during the COVID crisis to maximise the appropriate use of resource and prevent unnecessary mortality.


Assuntos
Ocupação de Leitos/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Terapia Trombolítica/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Medição de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/epidemiologia , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/prevenção & controle , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos , Reino Unido
6.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(12): 1460-1468, 2020 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32553335

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the benefits of routine use of 2D-US in patients undergoing transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: Two-dimensional ultrasound (2D-US) reduces access-related vascular complications (VCs) and bleeding in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention via transfemoral approach. Potential similar benefits in patients undergoing transfemoral TAVR have not been systemically investigated. METHODS: Rates of access-related VCs or bleeding were compared using 5-year retrospective observational data from 2 neighboring high-volume UK TAVR centers systemically using 2 different techniques (center 1: fluoroscopy and contralateral angiography [FCA], center 2: 2D-US) for femoral puncture at the time of transfemoral TAVR. RESULTS: Overall, 1,171 patients were included in the study (FCA, n = 624; 2D-US, n = 529). Baseline clinical and procedural characteristics were similar between the 2 groups. There was no difference in the risk of VCs, bleeding, or their composite according to femoral puncture technique (FCA vs. 2D-US: 6.7% [95% confidence interval (CI): 4.9% to 8.9%] vs. 6.8% [95% CI: 4.8% to 9.3%]; p = 0.63; 6.1% [95% CI: 4.4% to 8.2%] vs. 6.4% [95% CI: 4.8% to 9.3%]; p = 0.70; and 9.8% [95% CI: 7.6% to 12.4%] vs. 9.8% [95% CI: 7.4% to 12.7%]; p = 0.76, respectively) and no difference when analysis was restricted to a composite of major VCs or major and life-threatening bleeding. CONCLUSIONS: Vascular and bleeding complications can be achieved using either FCA or 2D-US guidance. Further studies are required to identify and assess alternative strategies to reduce periprocedural VCs and bleeding in this patient population.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32553849

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We aimed to investigate the optimal timing of invasive coronary angiography and subsequent intervention in non-ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients. METHODS: We examined the impact of early (≤24 h) versus delayed (>24 h) intervention in a large observational cohort of 20,882 consecutive NSTEMI patients treated with PCI between 2005 and 2015 at 8 tertiary cardiac centers in London (UK) using Cox-regression analysis and propensity matching. RESULTS: Mean age was 64.5 ± 12.7 years and 26.1% were females. A quarter (27.6%), were treated within 24 h. Patients treated within 24 h were slightly younger (62.8 ± 12.8 vs. 65.2 ± 12.6, p < 0.001), most commonly male (76% vs. 72.9%, p < 0.001) and were more frequently ventilated (2.3% vs. 1.4%, p < 0.001) and in cardiogenic shock (3.6% vs. 1.4%, p < 0.001) with dynamic changes on their ECG (84.5% vs. 76.1% p < 0.001). At a median follow up of 4.2 years (interquartile range 1.8 to 7) 17.7% of patients had died. Estimated 5-year survival in patients treated within 24 h was 84.6% vs. 81% for those treated >24 h following their presentation (p < 0.001). This survival benefit remained following adjustment for confounders; HR(delayed vs. early management) 1.11 (95%CI 1.003 to 1.23, p = 0.046). In the propensity matched cohort of 4356 patients in each group, there remained a trend for higher survival in the early intervention group (p = 0.061). CONCLUSIONS: Notwithstanding the limitations of the retrospective design, this real-world cohort of NSTEMI patients suggests that an early intervention (≤24 h) may improve mid-term survival.

8.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 9(12): e014409, 2020 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32475202

RESUMO

Background Limited information exists regarding procedural success and clinical outcomes in patients with previous coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We sought to compare outcomes in patients undergoing PCI with or without CABG. Methods and Results This was an observational cohort study of 123 780 consecutive PCI procedures from the Pan-London (UK) PCI registry from 2005 to 2015. The primary end point was all-cause mortality at a median follow-up of 3.0 years (interquartile range, 1.2-4.6 years). A total of 12 641(10.2%) patients had a history of previous CABG, of whom 29.3% (n=3703) underwent PCI to native vessels and 70.7% (n=8938) to bypass grafts. There were significant differences in the demographic, clinical, and procedural characteristics of these groups. The risk of mortality during follow-up was significantly higher in patients with prior CABG (23.2%; P=0.0005) compared with patients with no prior CABG (12.1%) and was seen for patients who underwent either native vessel (20.1%) or bypass graft PCI (24.2%; P<0.0001). However, after adjustment for baseline characteristics, there was no significant difference in outcomes seen between the groups when PCI was performed in native vessels in patients with previous CABG (hazard ratio [HR],1.02; 95%CI, 0.77-1.34; P=0.89), but a significantly higher mortality was seen among patients with PCI to bypass grafts (HR,1.33; 95% CI, 1.03-1.71; P=0.026). This was seen after multivariate adjustment and propensity matching. Conclusions Patients with prior CABG were older with greater comorbidities and more complex procedural characteristics, but after adjustment for these differences, the clinical outcomes were similar to the patients undergoing PCI without prior CABG. In these patients, native-vessel PCI was associated with better outcomes compared with the treatment of vein grafts.

10.
Eur Heart J ; 41(34): 3255-3268, 2020 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32484517

RESUMO

AIMS: Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is an acute heart failure syndrome, which shares many features with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Although TTS was initially described with angiographically normal coronary arteries, smaller studies recently indicated a potential coexistence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in TTS patients. This study aimed to determine the coexistence, features, and prognostic role of CAD in a large cohort of patients with TTS. METHODS AND RESULTS: Coronary anatomy and CAD were studied in patients diagnosed with TTS. Inclusion criteria were compliance with the International Takotsubo Diagnostic Criteria for TTS, and availability of original coronary angiographies with ventriculography performed during the acute phase. Exclusion criteria were missing views, poor quality of angiography loops, and angiography without ventriculography. A total of 1016 TTS patients were studied. Of those, 23.0% had obstructive CAD, 41.2% had non-obstructive CAD, and 35.7% had angiographically normal coronary arteries. A total of 47 patients (4.6%) underwent percutaneous coronary intervention, and 3 patients had acute and 8 had chronic coronary artery occlusion concomitant with TTS, respectively. The presence of CAD was associated with increased incidence of shock, ventilation, and death from any cause. After adjusting for confounders, the presence of obstructive CAD was associated with mortality at 30 days. Takotsubo syndrome patients with obstructive CAD were at comparable risk for shock and death and nearly at twice the risk for ventilation compared to an age- and sex-matched ACS cohort. CONCLUSIONS: Coronary artery disease frequently coexists in TTS patients, presents with the whole spectrum of coronary pathology including acute coronary occlusion, and is associated with adverse outcome. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov number: NCT01947621.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32445610

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to validate the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI) classification to evaluate association with outcome in a real-world population and effect of invasive therapies. BACKGROUND: Cardiogenic shock is common after Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest (OOHCA) but is often multifactorial and challenging to stratify. METHODS: The SCAI shock grade was applied to an observational registry of OOHCA patients on admission to our center between 2012 and 2017. The primary end-point was 30-day mortality and secondary end-points were mode of death and 12-month mortality. Provision of early CAG and mechanical circulatory support (MCS) was evaluated by SCAI shock grade using logistic regression. RESULTS: Three hundred and ninety-three patients (median age 64.3 years (24.9% females) were included. One hundred and seven patients (27.2%) were in Grade A, 94 (23.9%) in Grade B, 66 (16.8%) in Grade C, 91 (23.2%) in Grade D, and 35 (8.9%) in Grade E. There was a step-wise significant increase in 30-day mortality with increasing shock grade (A 28.9% vs. B 33.0% vs. C 54.5% vs. D 59.3% vs. E 82.9%; p < .0001). With worsening shock grade, requirement for renal replacement therapy and mortality from multiorgan dysfunction syndrome and cardiogenic causes increased. Early CAG was performed equally in all groups but was significantly associated with reduced mortality in SCAI grade D only (OR 0.26 [CI 0.08-0.91], p = .036). CONCLUSIONS: Increasing SCAI shock grade after OOHCA is associated with 30-day mortality, requirement for renal replacement therapy and mortality attributed to multiorgan dysfunction syndrome and cardiac etiology death.

12.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 75(16): 1869-1877, 2020 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32327096

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) occurs predominantly in post-menopausal women but is also found in younger patients. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate age-related differences in TTS. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with TTS and enrolled in the International Takotsubo Registry between January 2011 and February 2017 were included in this analysis and were stratified by age (younger: ≤50 years, middle-age: 51 to 74 years, elderly: ≥75 years). Baseline characteristics, hospital course, as well as short- and long-term mortality were compared among groups. RESULTS: Of 2,098 TTS patients, 242 (11.5%) patients were ≤50 years of age, 1,194 (56.9%) were 51 to 74 years of age, and 662 (31.6%) were ≥75 years of age. Younger patients were more often men (12.4% vs. 10.9% vs. 6.3%; p = 0.002) and had an increased prevalence of acute neurological (16.3% vs. 8.4% vs. 8.8%; p = 0.001) or psychiatric disorders (14.1% vs. 10.3% vs. 5.6%; p < 0.001) compared with middle-aged and elderly TTS patients. Furthermore, younger patients had more often cardiogenic shock (15.3% vs. 9.1% vs. 8.1%; p = 0.004) and had a numerically higher in-hospital mortality (6.6% vs. 3.6% vs. 5.1%; p = 0.07). At multivariable analysis, younger (odds ratio: 1.60; 95% confidence interval: 0.86 to 3.01; p = 0.14) and older age (odds ratio: 1.09; 95% confidence interval: 0.66 to 1.80; p = 0.75) were not independently associated with in-hospital mortality using the middle-aged group as a reference. There were no differences in 60-day mortality rates among groups. CONCLUSIONS: A substantial proportion of TTS patients are younger than 50 years of age. TTS is associated with severe complications requiring intensive care, particularly in younger patients.

13.
Int J Cardiol ; 308: 67-72, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32247575

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical subclavian (SC) and direct aortic (DA) access are established alternatives to the default transfemoral route for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). We sought to find differences in survival and procedure-related outcomes after SC- versus DA-TAVI. METHODS: We performed an observational cohort analysis of cases prospectively uploaded to the UK TAVI registry. To ensure the most contemporaneous comparison, the analysis focused on SC and DA procedures performed from 2013 to 2015. RESULTS: Between January 2013 and July 2015, 82 (37%) SC and 142 (63%) DA cases were performed that had validated 1-year life status. Multivariable regression analysis showed procedure duration was longer for SC cases (SC 193.5 ± 65.8 vs. DA 138.4 ± 57.7 min; p < .01) but length of hospital stay was shorter (SC 8.6 ± 9.5 vs. DA 11.9 ± 10.8 days; p = .03). Acute kidney injury was observed less frequently after SC cases (odds ratio [OR] 0.35, 95% confidence interval [CI 0.12-0.96]; p = .042) but vascular access site-related complications were more common (OR 9.75 [3.07-30.93]; p < .01). Procedure-related bleeding (OR 0.54 [0.24-1.25]; p = .15) and in-hospital stroke rate (SC 3.7% vs. DA 2.1%; p = .67) were similar. There were no significant differences in in-hospital (SC 2.4% vs. DA 4.9%; p = .49), 30-day (SC 2.4% vs. DA 4.2%; p = .71) or 1-year (SC 14.5% vs. DA 21.9%; p = .344) mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical subclavian and direct aortic approaches can offer favourable outcomes in appropriate patients. Neither access modality conferred a survival advantage but there were significant differences in procedural metrics that might influence which approach is selected.

14.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; : 2048872619882340, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32193943

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), mortality is directly related to time to reperfusion with guidelines recommending patients be delivered directly to centres for primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The aim of this study was to describe the impact of inter-hospital transfer on reperfusion time and to assess whether or not treatment delays influenced clinical outcomes in comparison with direct admission to a primary PCI centre in a large regional network. METHOD AND RESULTS: We undertook an observational cohort study of patients with STEMI treated with primary PCI between 2005 and 2015 in London, UK. Patient details were recorded at the time of the procedure in databases using the British Cardiovascular Intervention Society PCI dataset. The primary end-point was all-cause mortality at a median of 4.1 years (interquartile range: 2.2-5.8 years). Secondary outcomes were in-hospital major adverse cardiac events. Of 25,315 patients, 17,560 (69.4%) were admitted directly to a primary PCI centre and 7755 (31.6%) were transferred from a non-primary PCI centre. Patients in the direct admission group were older and more likely to have left ventricular impairment compared with the inter-hospital transfer group. Median time from call for help to reperfusion in transferred patients was 52 minutes longer compared with patients admitted directly (p <0.001). However, call to first hospital admission was similar. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated significantly lower mortality rates in patients who were transferred directed to a primary PCI centre compared with patients who were transferred from a non-PCI centre (17.4% direct vs. 18.7% transfer, p=0.017). Furthermore, after propensity matching, direct admission for primary PCI was still a predictor of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio: 0.89, 95% confidence interval: 0.64-0.95). CONCLUSIONS: In this large registry of over 25,000 STEMI patients treated by primary PCI survival was better in patients admitted directly to a cardiac centre versus patients transferred for primary PCI, most likely due to longer call to balloon times in patient transferred from other hospitals.

15.
Am J Cardiol ; 125(9): 1369-1377, 2020 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32098656

RESUMO

Safety and feasibility of transfemoral Acurate neo implantation without systematic predilatation are not fully investigated. Our aim was to evaluate the use and impact of pre-implantation balloon aortic valvuloplasty (pre-BAV) before transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with Acurate neo. The NEOPRO Registry retrospectively included 1,263 patients who underwent transfemoral TAVI with Acurate neo at 18 centers between January 2012 and March 2018. Information on pre-BAV was available for 1,262 patients (99.9%). Primary end points were pre-discharge moderate-to-severe paravalvular aortic regurgitation (PAR II+), 30-day new permanent pacemaker implantation, and 30-day all-cause mortality or stroke. A total of 1,262 patients who underwent TAVI with (n = 1,051) or without predilatation (n = 211) were included. A reduction in the pre-BAV rate was observed during the study period (from 95.7% in the first date quintile to 78.4% in the last date quintile). Patients who underwent pre-BAV had higher degrees of aortic valve (AV) and left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) calcification. Primary endpoints were similar between pre-BAV and no pre-BAV groups (PAR II+ 5.5% vs 3.4%, p = 0.214; 30-day permanent pacemaker implantation 9.0% vs 8.0%, p = 0.660; 30-day death or stroke 4.9% vs 4.4%, p = 0.743). The need for postdilatation and other procedural outcomes were comparable between groups. Predilatation did not have a significant impact on primary endpoints across AV and LVOT calcification subgroups (subgroup analyses) and was not independently associated with primary endpoints (multivariate analyses). In conclusion, transfemoral Acurate neo implantation without predilatation appears to be feasible and safe, especially in patients with milder degrees of AV and LVOT calcification.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valvuloplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Dilatação/instrumentação , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Período Pré-Operatório , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 22(2): 330-337, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31863563

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of aspirin on prognosis in takotsubo syndrome (TTS). METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients from the International Takotsubo (InterTAK) Registry were categorized into two groups based on aspirin prescription at discharge. A comparison of clinical outcomes between groups was performed using an adjusted analysis with propensity score (PS) stratification; results from the unadjusted analysis were also reported to note the effect of the PS adjustment. Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE: a composite of death, myocardial infarction, TTS recurrence, stroke or transient ischaemic attack) were assessed at 30-day and 5-year follow-up. A total of 1533 TTS patients with known status regarding aspirin prescription at discharge were included. According to the adjusted analysis based on PS stratification, aspirin was not associated with a lower hazard of MACCE at 30-day [hazard ratio (HR) 1.24, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.50-3.04, P = 0.64] or 5-year follow-up (HR 1.11, 95% CI 0.78-1.58, P = 0.58). These results were confirmed by sensitivity analyses performed with alternative PS-based methods, i.e. covariate adjustment and inverse probability of treatment weighting. CONCLUSION: In the present study, no association was found between aspirin use in TTS patients and a reduced risk of MACCE at 30-day and 5-year follow-up. These findings should be confirmed in adequately powered randomized controlled trials. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01947621.

17.
Heart ; 106(6): 411-420, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31843876

RESUMO

Kawasaki disease (KD) is an inflammatory disorder of young children, associated with vasculitis of the coronary arteries with subsequent aneurysm formation in up to one-third of untreated patients. Those who develop aneurysms are at life-long risk of coronary thrombosis or the development of stenotic lesions, which may lead to myocardial ischaemia, infarction or death. The incidence of KD is increasing worldwide, and in more economically developed countries, KD is now the most common cause of acquired heart disease in children. However, many clinicians in the UK are unaware of the disorder and its long-term cardiac complications, potentially leading to late diagnosis, delayed treatment and poorer outcomes. Increasing numbers of patients who suffered KD in childhood are transitioning to the care of adult services where there is significantly less awareness and experience of the condition than in paediatric services. The aim of this document is to provide guidance on the long-term management of patients who have vascular complications of KD and guidance on the emergency management of acute coronary complications. Guidance on the management of acute KD is published elsewhere.

18.
JACC cardiovasc. interv ; 12(5): 433-443, Mar. 2019. tabela, gráfico
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1024526

RESUMO

Abstract OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with the Acurate neo (NEO) and Evolut PRO (PRO) devices. BACKGROUND: The NEO and PRO bioprostheses are 2 next-generation self-expanding devices developed for TAVR. METHODS: The NEOPRO (A Multicenter Comparison of Acurate NEO Versus Evolut PRO Transcatheter Heart Valves) registry retrospectively included patients who underwent transfemoral TAVR with either NEO or PRO valves at 24 centers between January 2012 and March 2018. One-to-one propensity score matching resulted in 251 pairs. Pre-discharge and 30-day Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC)-2 defined outcomes were evaluated. Binary logistic regression was performed to adjust the treatment effect for propensity score quintiles. RESULTS: A total of 1,551 patients (n = 1,263 NEO; n = 288 PRO) were included. The mean age was 82 years, and the mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons score was 5.1%. After propensity score matching (n = 502), VARC-2 device success (90.6% vs. 91.6%; p = 0.751) and pre-discharge moderate to severe (II+) paravalvular aortic regurgitation (7.3% vs. 5.7%; p = 0.584) were comparable between the NEO and PRO groups. Furthermore, there were no significant differences in any 30-day clinical outcome between matched NEO and PRO pairs, including all-cause mortality (3.2% vs. 1.2%; p = 0.221), stroke (2.4% vs. 2.8%; p = 1.000), new permanent pacemaker implantation (11.0% vs. 12.8%; p = 0.565), and VARC-2 early safety endpoint (10.6% vs. 10.4%; p = 1.000). Logistic regression on the unmatched cohort confirmed a similar risk of VARC-2 device success, paravalvular aortic regurgitation II+, and 30-day clinical outcomes after NEO and PRO implantation. CONCLUSIONS: (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter
19.
J Interv Cardiol ; 27(1): 86-95, 2014 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24373048

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether outcomes from transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) vary according to access route and valve type in a real-world population. BACKGROUND: Registry and uncontrolled trial data have found that patients undergoing nonfemoral TAVI have higher early and late mortality. It is not clear whether worse outcomes relate directly to access route. There have been no direct comparisons of outcomes according to valve type. METHODS: Data were collected prospectively on 1,620 patients undergoing TAVI in the UK and compared in 4 groups: SAPIEN transfemoral (TF); SAPIEN transapical (TA); CoreValve TF, CoreValve subclavian. Univariable and multivariable regression analysis was performed to identify independent predictors of mortality. RESULTS: Mortality in patients undergoing SAPIEN TAVI via a TA approach was higher than with TF at 30 days (11.2% vs. 4.4%, P < 0.01), 1 year (28.7% vs. 18.1%, P = 0.01), and 2 years (56.0% vs. 43.5%, P = 0.01). Logistic EuroSCORE was higher in TA patients (22.5 ± 12.9% vs. 17.7 ± 11.1%, P < 0.0001). After multivariable analysis TA access was associated with increased mortality at 30 days (OR 2.56, 95% CI 1.46-4.48, P < 0.01) and 2 years (OR 1.75, 1.08-2.74, P = 0.02). There was no significant difference in mortality at any time-point between patients treated with SAPIEN (n = 812) and CoreValve (n = 808) prostheses. CoreValve-treated patients had a higher rate of permanent pacemaker implantation (23.1% vs. 7.2%, P < 0.0001), and grade ≥2 aortic regurgitation on postprocedure echocardiography (13.0% vs. 7.3%, P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Patients undergoing TA TAVI experienced increased early and late mortality compared to a TF approach. Survival was not influenced by valve type.


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cateterismo , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Resultado do Tratamento
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