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1.
PLoS One ; 16(1): e0244873, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33400700

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have highlighted the negative impact of COVID-19 and its particular effects on vulnerable sub-populations. Complementing this work, here, we report on the social patterning of self-reported positive changes experienced during COVID-19 national lockdown in Scotland. METHODS: The CATALYST study collected data from 3342 adults in Scotland during weeks 9-12 of a national lockdown. Using a cross-sectional design, participants completed an online questionnaire providing data on key sociodemographic and health variables, and completed a measure of positive change. The positive change measure spanned diverse domains (e.g., more quality time with family, developing new hobbies, more physical activity, and better quality of sleep). We used univariate analysis and stepwise regression to examine the contribution of a range of sociodemographic factors (e.g., age, gender, ethnicity, educational attainment, and employment status) in explaining positive change. RESULTS: There were clear sociodemographic differences across positive change scores. Those reporting higher levels of positive change were female, from younger age groups, married or living with their partner, employed, and in better health. CONCLUSION: Overall our results highlight the social patterning of positive changes during lockdown in Scotland. These findings begin to illuminate the complexity of the unanticipated effects of national lockdown and will be used to support future intervention development work sharing lessons learned from lockdown to increase positive health change amongst those who may benefit.


Assuntos
/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , /prevenção & controle , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Estudos Transversais , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Família/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Escócia/epidemiologia , Sono/fisiologia , Higiene do Sono , Estresse Psicológico/prevenção & controle , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33327556

RESUMO

We examine the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak and concomitant restrictions (i.e., lockdown) on 24-hour movement behaviors (i.e., physical activity, sitting, sleep) in a purposive sample of people (n = 3230) reporting change recruited online. Participants' self-reported time spent in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), walking, sitting and sleep prior to lockdown (T1), during the first national lockdown (T2) and as restrictions initially started to ease (T3). For each 24-hour movement behavior, category-shifts are reported (positive, negative or did not change), as well as the percentage of participants recording positive/negative changes across clusters of behaviors and the percentage of participants recording improvement or maintenance of change across time. From T1 to T2 walking decreased, whereas MVPA, sitting and sleep increased, from T2 to T3 levels returned to pre-lockdown for all but MVPA. Participants who changed one behavior positively were more likely to report a positive change in another and 50% of those who reported positive changes from T1 to T2 maintained or improved further when restrictions started to ease. The current study showed that a large proportion of the sample reported positive changes, most notably those displaying initially poor levels of each behavior. These findings will inform salutogenic intervention development.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Pandemias , Comportamento Sedentário , Sono , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escócia , Postura Sentada , Adulto Jovem
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32784956

RESUMO

Welbot is a nudge-based digital intervention that aims to reduce sedentary behaviour and improve physical and mental wellbeing at work. The purpose of this study was to pilot test the Welbot intervention. Forty-one (6M/35F) University staff (M age = 43-years) participated in this study, which was a single arm repeated measures trial conducted over three weeks of intervention. The primary outcome was sedentary behaviour (measured subjectively and objectively) and secondary outcomes included: mental wellbeing, procrastination, depression, anxiety and stress, and work engagement. A subset of participants (n = 6) wore an ActivPAL to objectively measure activity data, while another subset of participants (n = 6) completed a qualitative semi-structured interview to ascertain experiences of using Welbot. Following the intervention, a Friedman non-parametric test revealed that participants self-reported significantly less time sitting and more time standing and objectively recorded more steps at the week-1 follow-up. A series of paired t-tests exhibited that changes in all secondary outcomes were in the expected direction. However, only improvements in depression, anxiety, and stress were significant. After using Welbot, thematic analysis demonstrated that participants perceived they had a positive behaviour change, increased awareness of unhealthy behaviours at work, and provided suggestions for intervention improvement. Overall, findings provided indications of the potential positive impact Welbot may have on employees' wellbeing, however, limitations are noted. Recommendations for intervention improvement including personalisation (e.g., individual preferences for nudges and the option to sync Welbot with online calendars) and further research into how users engage with Welbot are provided.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32599730

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prolonged sedentary behaviour (SB) is associated with risk of chronic diseases. Digital interventions in SB require mixed method evaluations to understand potential for impact in real-world settings. In this study, the RE-AIM QuEST evaluation framework will be used to understand the potential of a digital health promotion application which targets reducing and breaking up SB across multiple workplace settings. METHODS: Four companies and 80 employees were recruited to use a digital application. Questionnaires were used to measure SB, and additional health and work-related outcomes at baseline, one month, three month and six month follow-up. Qualitative data was collected through focus groups with employees and interviews with stakeholders. Questionnaire data was analysed using Wilcoxon Sign Rank tests and qualitative data was thematically analysed. RESULTS: The digital application significantly increased standing time at one month for the total group and transitions per hour in one of the companies. Facilitators and barriers were identified across RE-AIM. CONCLUSIONS: Addressing the barriers which have been identified, while maintaining the positive attributes will be critical to producing an effective digital application which also has the potential for impact in the real world.


Assuntos
Promoção da Saúde , Saúde do Trabalhador , Comportamento Sedentário , Local de Trabalho , Adulto , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Posição Ortostática , Adulto Jovem
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31905751

RESUMO

Background: Interventions targeting a reduction in sedentary behaviour in office workers need to be scaled-up to have impact. In this study, the RE-AIM QuEST framework was used to evaluate the potential for further implementation and scale-up of a consultation based workplace intervention which targeted both the reduction, and breaking up of sitting time. Methods: To evaluate the Springfield College sedentary behaviour intervention across multiple RE-AIM QuEST indicators; intervention participant, non-participant (employees who did not participate) and key informant (consultation delivery team; members of the research team and stakeholders in workplace health promotion) data were collected using interviews, focus groups and questionnaires. Questionnaires were summarized using descriptive statistics and interviews and focus groups were transcribed verbatim, and thematically analysed. Results: Barriers to scale-up were: participant burden of activity monitoring; lack of management support; influence of policy; flexibility (scheduling/locations); time and cost. Facilitators to scale up were: visible leadership; social and cultural changes in the workplace; high acceptability; existing health and wellbeing programmes; culture and philosophy of the participating college. Conclusions: There is potential for scale-up, however adaptations will need to be made to address the barriers to scale-up. Future interventions in office workers should evaluate for scalability during the pilot phases of research.


Assuntos
Guias como Assunto , Promoção da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Promoção da Saúde/normas , Saúde do Trabalhador/normas , Comportamento Sedentário , Postura Sentada , Local de Trabalho/normas , Adulto , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Masculino , Massachusetts , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos , Local de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30558258

RESUMO

Sedentary behaviour is associated with poor health outcomes, and office-based workers are at significant health risk, as they accumulate large proportions of their overall sitting time at work. The aim of this integrated systematic review was to collate and synthesize published research on sedentary behaviour interventions in the workplace that have reported on at least one an aspect of the reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, and maintenance (RE-AIM) framework. Studies were included if they involved adult office workers, were conducted in an office setting, and changes in sedentary behaviour had been measured as a primary outcome. Five electronic databases were searched yielding 7234 articles, with 75 articles (61 individual interventions) meeting the inclusion criteria. Reach indicators were the most frequently reported RE-AIM dimensions, which were reported on average 59% of the time. Efficacy/effectiveness was the second most reported dimension at 49% reporting across all of the indicators. Implementation indicators were reported an average of 44% of the time, with indicators of adoption and maintenance reported as the lowest of all indicators at 13% and 8%, respectively. Recommendations are provided to improve reporting across all RE-AIM dimensions, which is an important first step to enable the effective translation of interventions into real world settings.


Assuntos
Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Saúde do Trabalhador , Pesquisa , Comportamento Sedentário , Humanos , Local de Trabalho
9.
J Clin Monit Comput ; 25(6): 371-6, 2011 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22037701

RESUMO

Aim of this prospective randomized study was to determine the influence of the electrode surface area and sampling time on the accuracy of the number of fluctuations in skin conductance per second to distinguish different states of acute pain. These methodological issues have been previously suggested as an explanation for contradictory data related to the accuracy of the skin conductance monitor. A total of 541 pain ratings on a numeric rating scale (0-10) were obtained from 120 adult postoperative patients. The number of fluctuations in skin conductance per second was recorded using two different electrode types (surface area 254 vs. 474 mm(2)) and sampling times (7.5 vs. 30 s). A longer sampling time did result in higher values for the number of fluctuations in skin conductance per second, though without improving its accuracy to distinguish different states of pain. However, the latter was found improved when the smaller surface area electrodes were used. A combination of small surface area electrodes and a 30 s sampling time resulted in the highest area under the curve in the receiver operating curve analysis of the method to identify states of moderate to severe pain (numeric rating scale > 3): 0.68 vs. e.g. 0.55 [data from all patients combined]). We conclude that the type of electrodes used but only to a lesser degree the sampling time influence the accuracy of the number of fluctuations in skin conductance per second to identify states of moderate or severe postoperative pain.


Assuntos
Eletrodos , Medição da Dor/instrumentação , Medição da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Pletismografia de Impedância/instrumentação , Pletismografia de Impedância/métodos , Pele/fisiopatologia , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Idoso , Condutividade Elétrica , Desenho de Equipamento , Análise de Falha de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tamanho da Amostra , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador
10.
Eur J Anaesthesiol ; 28(6): 433-7, 2011 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21494152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Both skin conductance and surgical stress index have been proposed as useful means of assessing pain. Both methods are based on the assessment of the sympathovagal balance, which, according to reports, is influenced by age and sex, and currently neither of the assessments take these factors into account. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between age, sex, magnitude of acute post-operative pain and haemodynamic and autonomic changes. METHODS: Two hundred twenty patients were asked to quantify their level of pain on a numeric rating scale (NRS) at different time points in the recovery room. Simultaneously, the following measures of heart rate variability were analysed: total power, low frequency, high frequency, low-to-high frequency ratio and ultra-short entropy. Additionally, SBP, heart rate and respiration rate were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 1098 NRS readings were obtained from 220 participants (123 men, 97 women, aged 40 ± 15 years). For heart rate variability, the low-to-high frequency ratio was significantly higher [mean (SE): 7.7 (0.56) vs. 6.7 (0.47); P < 0.05] and the ultra-short entropy significantly lower [mean (SE): 46.2 (0.8) vs. 47.2 (0.8); P < 0.05] for NRS 5-10 vs. NRS 0-4. Age correlated negatively with blood pressure and heart rate, and all measures of heart rate variability, except the low-to-high frequency ratio. Low-to-high frequency ratio and blood pressure were higher in men. CONCLUSION: Acute pain influences the sympathovagal balance. This response is significantly influenced by age and sex.


Assuntos
Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Medição da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pressão Sanguínea , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor/fisiopatologia , Fatores Sexuais , Sistema Nervoso Simpático/patologia , Nervo Vago/patologia
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