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1.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(9): 1514-1525, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465156

RESUMO

AIMS: The aims of this study were to investigate the ability to kneel after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) without patellar resurfacing, and its effect on patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). Secondary aims included identifying which kneeling positions were most important to patients, and the influence of radiological parameters on the ability to kneel before and after TKA. METHODS: This prospective longitudinal study involved 209 patients who underwent single radius cruciate-retaining TKA without patellar resurfacing. Preoperative EuroQol five-dimension questionnaire (EQ-5D), Oxford Knee Score (OKS), and the ability to achieve four kneeling positions were assessed including a single leg kneel, a double leg kneel, a high-flexion kneel, and a praying position. The severity of radiological osteoarthritis (OA) was graded and the pattern of OA was recorded intraoperatively. The flexion of the femoral component, posterior condylar offset, and anterior femoral offset were measured radiologically. At two to four years postoperatively, 151 patients with a mean age of 70.0 years (SD 9.44) were included. Their mean BMI was 30.4 kg/m2 (SD 5.36) and 60 were male (40%). They completed EQ-5D, OKS, and Kujala scores, assessments of the ability to kneel, and a visual analogue scale for anterior knee pain and satisfaction. RESULTS: The ability to kneel in the four positions improved in between 29 (19%) and 53 patients (35%) after TKA, but declined in between 35 (23%) and 46 patients (30%). Single-leg kneeling was most important to patients. After TKA, 62 patients (41%) were unable to achieve a single-leg kneel, 76 (50%) were unable to achieve a double-leg kneel, 102 (68%) were unable to achieve a high-flexion kneel and 61 (40%) were unable to achieve a praying position. Posterolateral cartilage loss significantly affected preoperative deep flexion kneeling (p = 0.019). A postoperative inability to kneel was significantly associated with worse OKS, Kujala scores, and satisfaction (p < 0.05). Multivariable regression analysis identified significant independent associations with the ability to kneel after TKA (p < 0.05): better preoperative EQ-5D and flexion of the femoral component for single-leg kneeling; the ability to achieve it preoperatively and flexion of the femoral component for double-leg kneeling; male sex for high-flexion kneeling; and the ability to achieve it preoperatively, anterior femoral offset, and patellar cartilage loss for the praying position. CONCLUSION: The ability to kneel was important to patients and significantly influenced knee-specific PROMs, but was poorly restored by TKA with equal chances of improvement or decline. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(9):1514-1525.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Articulação do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Idoso , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Articulação Patelofemoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação Patelofemoral/fisiopatologia , Articulação Patelofemoral/cirurgia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Foot (Edinb) ; 49: 101830, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536817

RESUMO

AIMS: The primary aim was to assess the cost-effectiveness of primary total ankle replacements (PTAR) in the UK. Secondary aim was to identify predictors associated with increased cost-effectiveness of PTAR. METHODS: Pre-operative and six-month post-operative data was obtained over a 90-month period across the two centres receiving adult referrals in the UK. The EuroQol general health questionnaire (EQ-5D-3L) measured health-related Quality of Life (HRQoL) and the Manchester-Oxford Foot Questionnaire (MOXFQ) measured joint function. Predictors, tested for significance with QALYs gained, were pre-operative scores and demographic data including age, gender, BMI and socioeconomic status. A cost per QALY of less than £20,000 was defined as cost effective. RESULTS: The 51-patient cohort [mean age 67.70 (SD 8.91), 58.8% male] had 47.7% classed as obese or higher. Cost per QALY gained was £1669, rising to £4466 when annual (3.5%) reduction in health gains and revision rates and discounting were included. Lower pre-operative EQ-5D-3L index correlated significantly with increased QALYs gained (p < 0.01), all other predictors were not significantly (p > 0.05) associated with QALYs gained. CONCLUSIONS: PTAR is a cost-effective intervention for treating end-stage ankle arthritis. Pre-operative EQ-5D-3L was associated with QALYs gained. A pre-operative EQ-5D-3L score of 0.57 or more was not cost effective to operate on.

3.
Bone Jt Open ; 2(7): 522-529, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34254832

RESUMO

AIMS: It is unclear whether acute plate fixation facilitates earlier return of normal shoulder function following a displaced mid-shaft clavicular fracture compared with nonoperative management when union occurs. The primary aim of this study was to establish whether acute plate fixation was associated with a greater return of normal shoulder function when compared with nonoperative management in patients who unite their fractures. The secondary aim was to investigate whether there were identifiable predictors associated with return of normal shoulder function in patients who achieve union with nonoperative management. METHODS: Patient data from a randomized controlled trial were used to compare acute plate fixation with nonoperative management of united fractures. Return of shoulder function was based on the age- and sex-matched Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) scores for the cohort. Independent predictors of an early recovery of normal shoulder function were investigated using a separate prospective series of consecutive nonoperative displaced mid-shaft clavicular fractures recruited over a two-year period (aged ≥ 16 years). Patient demographics and functional recovery were assessed over the six months post-injury using a standardized protocol. RESULTS: Data from the randomized controlled trial consisted of 86 patients who underwent operative fixation compared with 76 patients that united with nonoperative treatment. The recovery of normal shoulder function, as defined by a DASH score within the predicted 95% confidence interval for each respective patient, was similar between each group at six weeks (operative 26.7% vs nonoperative 25.0%, p = 0.800), three months (52.3% vs 44.2%, p = 0.768), and six months post-injury (86.0% vs 90.8%, p = 0.349). The mean DASH score and return to work were also comparable at each timepoint. In the prospective cohort, 86.5% (n = 173/200) achieved union by six months post-injury (follow-up rate 88.5%, n = 200/226). Regression analysis found that no specific patient, injury, or fracture predictor was associated with an early return of function at six or 12 weeks. CONCLUSION: Return of normal shoulder function was comparable between acute plate fixation and nonoperative management when union was achieved. One in two patients will have recovery of normal shoulder function at three months, increasing to nine out of ten patients at six months following injury when union occurs, irrespective of initial treatment. Cite this article: Bone Jt Open 2021;2(7):522-529.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34304278

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The Olympia femoral stem is a stainless steel, anatomically shaped, polished and three-dimensionally tapered implant designed for use in cemented total hip arthroplasty (THA). The primary aim of this study was to determine the long-term survivorship, radiographic outcome, and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) of the Olympia stem. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between May 2003 and December 2005, 239 patients (264 THAs) underwent a THA with an Olympia stem in our institution. Patient-reported outcome measures were assessed using the Oxford Hip Score (OHS), EuroQol-5 dimensions (EQ-5D) score, and patient satisfaction at mean 10 years following THA. Patient records and radiographs were then reviewed at a mean of 16.5 years (SD 0.7, 15.3-17.8) following THA to identify occurrence of complications or revision surgery for any cause following surgery. Radiographs were assessed for lucent lines and lysis according to Gruen's zones RESULTS: Mean patient age at surgery was 68.0 years (SD 10.9, 31-93 years). There were 156 women (65%, 176 THAs). Osteoarthritis was the indication for THA in 204 patients (85%). All cause stem survivorship at 10 years was 99.2% (95% confidence interval [CI], 97.9%-100%) and at 15 years was 97.5% (94.6%-100%). The 15-year stem survival for aseptic loosening was 100%. Analysis of all-cause THA failure demonstrated a survivorship of 98.5% (96.3%-100%) at 10 years and 95.9% (92.4%-99.4%) at 15 years. There were 9 THAs with non-progressive lucent lines in a single Gruen zone and 3 had lines in two zones, and no patient demonstrated signs for lysis. At a mean of 10-year (SD 0.8, 8.7-11.3) follow-up, mean OHS was 39 (SD 10.3, range 7-48) and 94% of patients reported being very satisfied or satisfied with their THA. CONCLUSIONS: The Olympia stem demonstrated excellent 10-year PROMs and very high rates of stem survivorship at final follow-up beyond 15 years.

5.
Knee ; 31: 54-63, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34116435

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine if radiographic severity, extent or pattern of knee osteoarthritis was associated with pain and function before total knee arthroplasty (TKA) or improvement therein one year after TKA. METHODS: A prospective study of 259 patients undergoing unilateral TKA for Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) grade ≥ 3 knee osteoarthritis was conducted: mean age 69.8 ± 9.7 (44-91); mean BMI 31.0 ± 5.8 (17-52); 152/259 (58.7%) female. Preoperative radiographs were assessed using the KL and Ahlback systems. Preoperatively and 1 year postoperatively patients completed Oxford Knee Scores, VAS-Pain and EQ-5D scores. Full thickness cartilage loss was recorded intraoperatively. RESULTS: Median radiographic severity was Ahlback 2, KL 4: 51/259 (19.7%) hypertrophic; 23/259 (8.8%) atrophic. Neither Ahlback nor Kellgren-Lawrence OA grade was associated with OKS, VAS Pain or EQ-5D prior to TKA (p > 0.05). The extent and pattern of cartilage loss did not affect preoperative PROMs. Radiographic OA severity, compartment involvement, and pattern of cartilage loss were not significantly associated with PROMs or improvements therein following TKA (p > 0.05). Hypertrophic OA was associated with less pain before TKA (difference 6.8, 0.23-13.9 95%CI, p = 0.044), and worse improvement in OKS following TKA (difference -3.41, -6.8 to -0.05 95%CI, p = 0.047). Better preoperative OKS and hypertrophic OA were independently associated with poorer improvement in OKS 1 year following TKA (R2 = 0.208). CONCLUSION: Provided at least one compartment has KL grade ≥ 3 changes, further radiographic severity, pattern or extent of cartilage loss did not affect PROMs before or after TKA: multicompartmental was no worse than unicompartmental disease.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Idoso , Cartilagem , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
6.
Knee ; 28: 194-201, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33418395

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes and cost economics of TKA without patella resurfacing in patients with and without patellar cartilage loss. METHODS: Prospective case control study of 209 consecutive patients undergoing TKA without patella resurfacing. Patella cartilage status was documented intra-operatively: 108 patients had patella cartilage loss (mean age 70 ± 9.7, mean BMI 31 ± 6.2, 72 (67%) female) and 101 control patients did not (age 68 ± 9.2, BMI 31 ± 5.6, 52 (51%) female). The primary outcome measure was Oxford Knee Score (OKS) improvement at one year. Secondary outcomes included OKS, EQ-5D, anterior knee pain (AKP), Kujala scores and reoperation at 2-4 years. The cost to prevent secondary patella resurfacing was calculated. RESULTS: There were more women in the patella cartilage loss group (67% Vs 51%, p = 0.037), but no other preoperative characteristics differed. There was no difference in OKS improvement between those with and without patella cartilage loss at 1 year (mean difference -1.03, -3.68 to 1.62 95%CI, p = 0.446) or 2-4 years (mean difference 1.52, -1.43 to 4.45 95%CI, p = 0.310). At 2-4 years there was no difference in AKP (14/87 with vs 17/80 without, p = 0.430) nor Kujala score (mean difference 2.66, -3.82 to 9.13 95%CI, p = 0.418). Routine patella resurfacing would have cost £58,311 to prevent one secondary resurfacing. CONCLUSION: There was no difference in OKS, anterior knee pain, reoperation or Kujala scores up to 2-4 years between patients with and without patellar cartilage loss following TKA without patella resurfacing. Resurfacing for this indication would not have been a cost effective intervention.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Cartilagem Articular/fisiopatologia , Articulação do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Reoperação
7.
J Arthroplasty ; 36(2): 434-441, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873451

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The ability of total knee and hip arthroplasty (TKA/THA) to facilitate return to work (RTW) when it is the patient's preoperative intent to do so remains unclear. We aimed at determining whether TKA/THA facilitated RTW in patients of working age who intended to return. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of 173 consecutive patients <65 years of age, undergoing unilateral TKA (n = 82: median age 58; range, 39-65; 36 [43.9%] male) or THA (n = 91: median age 59; range, 34-65; 42 [46.2%] male) during 2018. Oxford knee/hip scores, Oxford-Activity and Participation Questionnaire, and EuroQol-5 dimension (EQ-5D) scores were measured preoperatively and at 1 year when an employment questionnaire was also completed. RESULTS: Of patients who intended to RTW, 44 of 52 (84.6%) RTW by 1 year following TKA (at mean 14.8 ± 8.4 weeks) and 53 of 60 (88.3%) following THA (at mean 13.6 ± 7.5 weeks). Failure to RTW despite intent was associated with job physicality for TKA (P = .004) and negative preoperative EQ-5D for THA (P = .01). In patients unable to work before surgery due to joint disease, fewer RTW: 4 of 21 (19.0%) after TKA; and 6 of 17 (35.3%) after THA. Preoperative Oxford knee score >18.5 predicted RTW with 74% sensitivity (P < .001); preoperative Oxford hip score >19.5 predicted RTW with 75% sensitivity (P < .001). Preoperative EQ-5D indices were similarly predictive (P < .001). CONCLUSION: In this United Kingdom study, preoperative intent to RTW was the most powerful predictor of actual RTW following TKA/THA. Where patients intend to RTW following TKA/THA, 85% RTW following TKA and 88% following THA.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Retorno ao Trabalho , Reino Unido
8.
Shoulder Elbow ; 12(5): 338-348, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33123223

RESUMO

Background: This retrospective study aims to compare the outcome of the Latarjet procedure when used as a primary or revision procedure for recurrent anterior gleno-humeral instability. Methods: One hundred and ninety-seven patients underwent 205 open Latarjet procedures during the period 2006-2015 (mean follow-up 5.6 years). Sixty shoulders had failure of a previous stabilisation requiring revision to the Latarjet procedure. Outcomes were measured using the Western Ontario Shoulder Instability Index and Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand score. Survival analyses were performed using Kaplan-Meier curves, and multiple linear regression modelling was utilised to identify predictors of functional outcome (p < 0.05). Results: Two shoulders had recurrent dislocations in the cohort of 205 (1.0%). Six shoulders underwent further surgery for non-instability complications (2.9%). There were no significant differences in the clinical or functional outcome between patients undergoing a primary Latarjet procedure and those who required revision of a failed soft-tissue stabilisation. Ninety-two per cent of patients were satisfied with their shoulder following surgery. Patient-reported instability and satisfaction was significantly associated with poorer functional scores. Discussion: The Latarjet procedure successfully prevents recurrent anterior instability and is associated with high levels of satisfaction. Patient-reported outcome measures suggest no difference between primary and revision procedures.

9.
J Bone Joint Surg Am ; 102(24): 2146-2156, 2020 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33060425

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A minority of proximal humeral fractures extend into the diaphysis and their optimal treatment remains controversial. We evaluated the outcomes and risk of complications in patients with these injuries, treated by a protocol of open reduction and long locking plate fixation (LPF). METHODS: Between 2007 and 2014, all locally resident patients with a proximal humeral fracture extending into the diaphysis were referred to a specialist shoulder clinic. Operative treatment using a protocol of open reduction and LPF was offered to medically fit patients. Those with 2-year radiographic follow-up were included in the study, and standardized assessments of clinical and radiographic outcomes were performed during the first 2 years postoperatively. At a mean of 8.8 years (range, 5 to 12 years) after LPF, the functional outcomes and satisfaction of surviving, cognitively intact patients were assessed with a questionnaire study. RESULTS: One hundred and two patients met the inclusion criteria; the majority were older women who had incurred the injury during a simple fall. Fractures were divided into 2 types depending on the pattern of diaphyseal extension. The pain levels, functional scores, and satisfaction with treatment were satisfactory both at the 2-year follow-up and at the longer-term follow-up at a mean of 8.8 years postsurgery. Complications were predominantly due to postsurgical stiffness (in 7 patients, with 3 undergoing additional surgery) and nonunion or fixation failure (in 7 patients, with 6 undergoing additional surgery). CONCLUSIONS: Proximal humeral fractures with diaphyseal extension are rare. The results of our study support the use of LPF in medically stable patients in centers with the expertise to perform these procedures. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.


Assuntos
Placas Ósseas , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Redução Aberta/métodos , Fraturas do Ombro/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/instrumentação , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Redução Aberta/instrumentação , Radiografia , Fraturas do Ombro/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Ombro/patologia , Adulto Jovem
10.
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg ; 140(7): 963-971, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32239326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The primary aim of this study was to assess how expectation fulfilment changes up to 10 years following total hip arthroplasty (THA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred and forty-six patients completed an expectation questionnaire (encompassing 18 activities), Oxford hip score (OHS) and Short Form (SF)-12 prior to surgery. At 1 year postoperatively, expectation fulfilment was assessed in addition to OHS, SF-12 and patient satisfaction (n = 346). This was repeated in surviving patients with intact THAs at 9.1-9.9 years postoperative (n = 224). Linear regression analysis was used to identify factors independently associated with early (1 year) and late (mean 9.5 years) expectation fulfilment. RESULTS: Postoperative expectation fulfilment scores declined from 36.5 at 1 year to 33 at late follow-up (95% confidence intervals (CI) 0.0-5.0, p < 0.001). Increased (better) late expectation fulfilment scores were significantly associated with better scores for all PROMs applied at both timepoints. Younger age, greater pre-operative expectation score and greater improvement in OHS (both early and late) were all independent predictors when adjusting for confounding (p < 0.05). At late follow-up 78% (14/18) activities demonstrated high levels of persistent expectation fulfilment. Approximately two out of every five patients who considered themselves unfulfilled at early follow-up went on to experience late fulfilment, but this was dependent upon the specific expectation (mean 40%, range 0-64%). CONCLUSIONS: Expectation fulfilment following THA changes with time. The majority of patients report high levels of expectation fulfilment following THA at late follow-up. This information can be used to help manage the longer-term expectations of patients undergoing THA.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/estatística & dados numéricos , Seguimentos , Humanos , Motivação , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
J Arthroplasty ; 35(7): 1826-1832, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32205005

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate how expectation fulfillment changes up to 10 years following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: Preoperative data were collected for 323 patients undergoing TKA (Hospital for Special Surgery Knee Replacement Expectations survey, Oxford Knee Score [OKS], and Short Form [SF]-12). Expectation fulfillment, OKS, SF-12, and patient satisfaction were assessed at 1 year and 9-10 years postoperatively. Relative risk (RR) of dissatisfaction at late follow-up was calculated for each specific expectation question. Linear regression analysis was used to identify factors independently associated with early (1 year) and late (mean 9 years) expectation fulfillment scores. RESULTS: Mean expectation fulfillment scores declined from early to late follow-up (25.9-23.9, P = .025). Multivariate analysis identified younger age and better 1-year OKS as factors independently associated with long-term expectation fulfillment. Twelve percent of patients reported dissatisfaction at late follow-up. The risk of long-term dissatisfaction was greatest in patients with high preoperative expectations of kneeling (RR 2.2, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.9-5.5), walking without aids (RR 2.4, 95% CI 0.7-7.6), and improved psychological well-being (RR 3.9, 95% CI 0.9-5.0). Night pain relief, kneeling ability, participating in outside activities, and sports were the most poorly fulfilled expectations at both early and late time points. Fulfillment improved the least from early to late for kneeling ability (17%) and ability to participate in outside activities (17%). CONCLUSION: Expectation fulfillment following TKA changes with time. Expectations of kneeling ability and the ability to perform outside activities demonstrated persistently low levels of fulfillment. This information can be used to manage the longer term expectations of patients undergoing TKA.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Seguimentos , Humanos , Motivação , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Satisfação do Paciente , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
J Bone Joint Surg Am ; 101(23): 2129-2139, 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800426

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment of complex proximal humeral fractures in adults remains controversial. We evaluated the risk of complications and the long-term outcomes in patients with a severely displaced fracture or a fracture-dislocation of the proximal part of the humerus treated with open reduction and plate fixation (ORIF). METHODS: Between 1995 and 2012, 5,897 consecutive patients with a proximal humeral fracture were referred to a specialist shoulder clinic for surgical assessment. Indications for surgery included anterior or posterior fracture-dislocation, substantial tuberosity involvement with >1 cm of displacement in a Neer 3 or 4-part fracture configuration, disengagement of the head from the shaft, or severe varus or valgus deformity of the head. All patients who met the surgical criteria and had been followed for 2 years were included, and standardized clinical and radiographic assessments of outcomes were performed. At a median of 10.8 years (range, 5 to 22 years) after ORIF, all surviving cognitively intact patients completed a patient-reported questionnaire assessing functional outcomes and satisfaction. RESULTS: Three hundred and sixty-eight patients (6.2%) met the inclusion criteria and had the appropriate follow-up. The study population had a high rate of complex fracture configurations; 77.2% had tuberosity involvement, 54.1% had complete head-shaft disengagement, and 44.0% had a dislocated head. Eighty-seven patients (23.6%) had postoperative stiffness, 25 (6.8%) had fixation failure/nonunion, and 16 (4.3%) had late osteonecrosis/posttraumatic osteoarthritis; these complications were the reason for the majority of the reoperations in the cohort. The survivorship until any reoperation was 74% at 10 years, but when reoperations for stiffness were excluded, the survivorship was 90% during the same time period. The patients' mean levels of pain, function, and satisfaction with treatment were good to excellent. CONCLUSIONS: Our results support the use of primary ORIF in medically fit patients with a severely displaced fracture or a fracture-dislocation of the proximal part of the humerus in centers where the expertise to carry out such treatment exists. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.


Assuntos
Placas Ósseas , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/instrumentação , Consolidação da Fratura/fisiologia , Fraturas do Ombro/cirurgia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Redução Aberta/métodos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fraturas do Ombro/diagnóstico por imagem , Fatores de Tempo , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Bone Joint Surg Am ; 101(17): 1575-1585, 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483401

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anterior knee pain is the most common complication of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study was to assess whether sagittal femoral component position is an independent predictor of anterior knee pain after cruciate-retaining single-radius TKA without routine patellar resurfacing. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of 297 cruciate-retaining single-radius TKAs performed in 2006 and 2007 without routine patellar resurfacing identified 73 patients (25%) with anterior knee pain and 89 (30%) with no pain (controls) at 10 years. Patients were assessed preoperatively and at 1, 5, and 10 years postoperatively using patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), including the Short Form-12 (SF-12), Oxford Knee Score (OKS), and satisfaction and expectation questionnaires. Variables that were assessed as predictors of anterior knee pain included demographic data, the indication for the TKA, early complications, stiffness requiring manipulation under anesthesia, and radiographic criteria (implant alignment, Insall-Salvati ratio, posterior condylar offset ratio, and anterior femoral offset ratio). RESULTS: The 73 patients with anterior knee pain (mean age, 67.0 years [range, 38 to 82 years]; 48 [66%] female) had a mean visual analog scale (VAS) score of 34.3 (range, 5 to 100) compared with 0 for the 89 patients with no pain (mean age, 66.5 years [range, 41 to 82 years]; 60 [67%] female). The patients with anterior knee pain had mean femoral component flexion of -0.6° (95% confidence interval [CI] = -1.5° to 0.3°), which differed significantly from the value for the patients with no pain (1.42° [95% CI = 0.9° to 2.0°]; p < 0.001). The patients with and those without anterior knee pain also differed significantly with regard to the mean anterior femoral offset ratio (17.2% [95% CI = 15.6% to 18.8%] compared with 13.3% [95% CI = 11.1% to 15.5%]; p = 0.005) and the mean medial proximal tibial angle (89.7° [95% CI = 89.2° to 90.1°] compared with 88.9° [95% CI = 88.4° to 89.3°]; p = 0.009). All PROMs were worse in the anterior knee pain group at 10 years (p < 0.05), and the OKSs were worse at 1, 5, and 10 years (p < 0.05). Multivariate analysis confirmed femoral component flexion, the medial proximal tibial angle, and an Insall-Salvati ratio of <0.8 (patella baja) as independent predictors of anterior knee pain (R = 0.263). Femoral component extension of ≥0.5° predicted anterior knee pain with 87% sensitivity. CONCLUSIONS: In our study, 25% of patients had anterior knee pain at 10 years following a single-radius cruciate-retaining TKA without routine patellar resurfacing. Sagittal plane positioning and alignment of the femoral component were associated with long-term anterior knee pain, with femoral component extension being a major risk factor. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.


Assuntos
Artralgia/etiologia , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Artralgia/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Fêmur , Seguimentos , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho , Prótese do Joelho , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tratamentos com Preservação do Órgão , Osteoartrite do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/fisiopatologia , Patela/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia
14.
Injury ; 50(4): 983-989, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30879641

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whilst the lateral malleolus appears to be crucial in controlling anatomical reduction of the talus, the role of the medial malleolus is less clear. Medial sided complications including infection, damage to local structures and symptomatic hardware are not without morbidity. This study compares the outcomes of patients with bimalleolar or trimalleolar ankle fractures who underwent fibular nail stabilisation with or without medial malleolar fixation. METHODS: From a prospective single-centre trauma database, we identified 342 patients over a nine-year period who underwent fibular nail insertion to stabilise a bimalleolar or trimalleolar ankle fracture. Isolated lateral malleolar fractures were excluded. Demographic data, clinical outcomes, radiographic evaluation, return to work and sport, and patient reported outcomes, including Olerud-Molander Ankle Score (OMAS), EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) and Manchester-Oxford Foot Questionnaire (MOXFQ) were collected. RESULTS: This study included 247 patients with a mean age of 66.7 years (range, 25-96 years), of whom 200 were female (81%). Medial malleolar fixation was not performed in 54 cases (22%). There was no significant difference between groups with respect to failure of fixation (p = 0.634) or loss of talar reduction (p = 0.157). No patient required surgery for a symptomatic medial malleolar non-union. Medial sided complications occurred in 32 (16%) of the fixation group, of whom 20 (10%) required further surgery. At a mean mid-term follow-up of 4.8 years (range, 8 months - 9 years) there was no significant difference between the non-fixation and fixation groups with respect to the median OMAS (85 vs 80; p = 0.885) or median EQ-5D (0.80 vs 0.81; p = 0.846). Patient satisfaction was not significantly different between the two groups (85/100 vs 87/100; p = 0.410). CONCLUSION: Non-operative management of the medial malleolar component of an unstable ankle fracture treated with a fibular nail may reduce the rate of post-operative complications without compromising the patient reported outcome.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Articulação do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Instabilidade Articular/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fraturas do Tornozelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Tornozelo/fisiopatologia , Articulação do Tornozelo/fisiopatologia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Instabilidade Articular/diagnóstico por imagem , Instabilidade Articular/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Seleção de Pacientes , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Radiografia , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Suporte de Carga/fisiologia
15.
J Arthroplasty ; 34(5): 939-946, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30773362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is projected to increase 6-fold worldwide by 2030. As the number of younger, physically active revision TKA patients increases in future, understanding factors influencing postoperative function will be increasingly important to help counsel patients. The primary aim of this study was to examine factors influencing return to physical activity following revision TKA. METHODS: Patients who had undergone tibiofemoral revision between 2003 and 2013 at a single UK teaching hospital were retrospectively identified from a prospectively collected arthroplasty database. Preoperative activity level (University of California, Los Angeles [UCLA] score), patient demographics, indication, implant used, and Oxford Knee Scores (OKSs) were recorded in the database. At a mean follow-up of 3.9 years (standard deviation, 2.2), UCLA score, OKS, EuroQol-5 Dimension Score (EQ-5D), satisfaction, complications, and WORQ scores (Work, Osteoarthritis and Joint-Replacement Questionnaire) were sampled via postal questionnaire. Patient experience of complications and related surgery was also identified from healthcare records. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. RESULTS: Responses were received from 112 revision TKAs (112 patients; mean age, 71 years). Mean UCLA activity scores improved from preoperative levels (P < .001): activity levels improved in 47% of patients with 58% engaging in moderate or more intensive activities (UCLA score ≥5). Postoperative activity level was independently predicted by male gender (P = .042) and preoperative UCLA score (P < .001). Increasing social deprivation was associated with inferior UCLA (P = .005), EQ-5D (P < .005), and OKS (P = .006) scores. Indication, implant type, and patient body mass index did not affect functional outcome or satisfaction (P > .05). Patients <65 years old were more likely to be dissatisfied (P = .009), and patients aged ≤55 years were more likely to report difficulties with WORQ criteria (P < .05). CONCLUSION: Although 90% of patients maintain activity levels following revision TKA, less than half increase levels and this is predicted by male sex and pre-revision activity level.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Período Pré-Operatório , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
BMJ Open ; 9(2): e021614, 2019 02 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30787073

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess a targeted 'therapy as required' model of post-discharge outpatient physiotherapy provision. Specifically, we investigated what proportion of patients accessed post-discharge physiotherapy following total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA), whether accessing therapy was associated with post-arthroplasty patient reported outcomes and whether it was possible to predict which patients would access post-discharge physiotherapy from pre-operative data. DESIGN: Prospective, observational, longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: Single National Health Service orthopaedic teaching hospital in the UK. PARTICIPANTS: 1395 patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty and 1374 patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-reported access of post-discharge physiotherapy, the Oxford Hip or Knee Score, EuroQol 5-dimension questionnaire and post-operative surgical episode satisfaction metric. RESULTS: 662 (48.2%) patients with TKA and 493 (35.3%) patients with THA accessed additional post-discharge physiotherapy. Patient-reported outcomes (p<0.001) and surgical episode satisfaction (p=0.001) in both THA and TKA were higher in patients that did not participate in post-discharge physiotherapy. Regression models using pre-operative symptom burden and demographic data predicted post-discharge therapy access with an accuracy of only 17% greater than chance in patients with THA and 7% greater than chance in patients with TKA. CONCLUSIONS: In a choice-based service model of 'therapy as required' following hip and knee arthroplasty only a third of THA and half of TKA patients accessed post-discharge therapy. Patients who did not access physiotherapy reported greater post-operative outcomes. This variation in the need for post-discharge physiotherapy suggests that targeting of rehabilitation may be a cost-effective model, however it was not possible to reliably predict which patients would access post-discharge physiotherapy from pre-operative data.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/reabilitação , Artroplastia do Joelho/reabilitação , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Modalidades de Fisioterapia/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reino Unido
17.
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc ; 27(4): 1106-1115, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30276434

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Over 2 million Triathlon single-radius total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) have been implanted worldwide. This study reports the 10-year survival and patient-reported outcome of the Triathlon TKA in a single independent centre. METHODS: From 2006 to 2007, 462 consecutive cruciate-retaining Triathlon TKAs were implanted in 426 patients (median age 69 (21-89), 289 (62.5%) female). Patellae were not routinely resurfaced. Patient-reported outcome measures (SF-12, Oxford Knee Scores (OKS), satisfaction) were assessed preoperatively and at 1, 5 and 10 years when radiographs were reviewed. Forgotten Joint Scores (FJS) were collected at 10 years. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed. RESULTS: At 10-11.6 years, 123 patients (128 TKAs) had died and 8 TKAs were lost to follow-up. There were four aseptic failures (two cases of tibial loosening, two cases of instability) and four septic failures requiring revision. Symptomatic aseptic radiographic loosening was present in three further cases at 11 years. Four (1%) patellae were secondarily resurfaced. OKS score improved by 17.7 ± 9.7 points at 1 year (p < 0.001), and was maintained at 34.7 ± 9.6 at 10 years with FJS 48.5 ± 31.4. Patient satisfaction was 88% at each timepoint. Ten-year survival was 97.9% (95% confidence interval 96.5-99.3) for revision for any reason, 98.9% (97.7-100) for mechanical failure, and 98.6% (97.4-99.8) for aseptic loosening (symptomatic radiographic or revised). CONCLUSION: The Triathlon TKA continues to show excellent longer-term results with high implant survivorship, low rates of aseptic failure, consistently maintained PROMs and excellent patient satisfaction rates of 88% at 10 years. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: II, Prospective cohort study.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Prótese do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Desenho de Prótese , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Patela , Satisfação do Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Radiografia , Rádio (Anatomia) , Inquéritos e Questionários , Sobrevivência , Tíbia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
18.
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg ; 139(1): 107-112, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30413941

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There is a paucity of survival data reporting the medium to long-term outcome of the LINK® Endo-Model® rotational hinge total knee arthroplasty (ERH-TKA). Such information is essential when counselling patients and predictors of survival would help inform patients of their likely outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A series of patients, who received an ERH-TKA, with a minimum follow-up of 5 years, were retrospectively identified from an established arthroplasty database. Data were collected from paper and electronic patient records. This included patient demographics, indication for surgery, complication rates and revision status. Our primary outcome of interest was joint implant survival. RESULTS: One hundred patients underwent an ERH-TKA over an 11-year period. There were 66 females and 34 males, with a mean age of 73.8 years and 67.6 years, respectively. Indications were classified into primary (n = 41), aseptic revision (n = 47) and two-stage infective revision (n = 12). The median follow-up was 8.2 (range 5-12) years. One-year implant survival amongst the cohort was 99%, falling to 95% at 5 years. Overall, there were eight revisions during the follow-up period. Considering only cases of aseptic failure, survival was 97% at 5 years and all failures occurred amongst revision cases. Implant failure was greater following revision arthroplasty but this was not statistically significant (p = 0.97). Cox regression analysis identified male sex to be the only independent predictor of failure (hazard ratio 1.75, 95% CI 1.04-31.82, p = 0.04) after adjusting for confounding variables. CONCLUSIONS: The ERH-TKA has a good medium- to long-term survival rate but male patients are nearly twice as likely to undergo revision, compared to females, and should be made aware of this preoperatively.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/estatística & dados numéricos , Prótese do Joelho/estatística & dados numéricos , Falha de Prótese , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino
19.
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg ; 139(3): 411-421, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30535720

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Demand for revision total hip arthroplasty (RTHA) continues to grow worldwide and is expected to more than double within the next 1-2 decades. The primary aim of this study was to examine return to function following revision THA in a UK population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We assessed 118 patients (132 RTHAs, mean age 65 years SD 13, range 23-88) at a mean follow-up of 7.9 years (SD 4.4) postoperatively. Preoperative age, gender, BMI, social deprivation, operative indication, comorbidities, activity level (UCLA score) and Oxford Hip Scores (OHS) were recorded. Postoperative UCLA score, OHS, EQ-5D, satisfaction levels and performance in activities of daily living (ADLs) were obtained and univariate and multivariate analysis performed. RESULTS: Mean UCLA activity score improved following RTHA (p < 0.001): UCLA activity score improved in 37% and was unchanged in 50%; 49% of patients engaged in at least moderate level activities (UCLA score ≥ 6). Patient BMI, gender, age and reason for revision did not influence levels of pain, stiffness or activity at follow-up. Preoperative UCLA activity scores (p < 0.001) independently predicted long-term UCLA scores. Independent predictors (p < 0.05) of poor hip-specific function (OHS) following revision included social deprivation, revision for periprosthetic fracture and lower preoperative OHS. Difficulties with ADLs were associated with increasing deprivation, ≥ 3 comorbidities, and revision for periprosthetic fracture or infection (p < 0.05). Overall, 79% of patients remained satisfied or very satisfied following revision THA. Following RTHA, 10% suffered a dislocation and 13% required reoperation for complications. CONCLUSION: Revision THA facilitates long-term return to preoperative levels of physical activity in the majority of patients, though activity levels increase in one-third only. Overall over three-quarters are satisfied with their outcome, but revision for periprosthetic fracture or dislocation gives the worse overall outcomes and lower satisfaction levels.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Reoperação , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/estatística & dados numéricos , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Reoperação/efeitos adversos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
20.
J Arthroplasty ; 33(8): 2392-2397, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29691169

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome scores are the mainstay method for quantifying success following arthroplasty. However, it is unclear when a "successful outcome" is achieved. We calculated threshold values for the Oxford Hip and Knee Score (OHS and OKS) representing achievement of a successful treatment at 12-month follow-up. METHODS: Questionnaires were administered to patients undergoing total hip (THA) or knee (TKA) arthroplasty before and 12 months after surgery alongside questions assessing key aspects of treatment success. A composite success criterion was used to perform receiver operator characteristic analysis. Thresholds providing maximum sensitivity and specificity were determined for the total sample and subgroups defined by presurgery scores. RESULTS: Data were available for 3203 THA and 2742 TKA patients. Applying the composite treatment success criterion, 67.3% of the TKA and 77.6% of the THA sample reported treatment success. Accuracy for predicting treatment success was high for the OHS and OKS (both areas under the curve, 0.87). For the OHS, a threshold value of 37.5 points showed highest sensitivity and specificity in the total sample, while for the OKS the optimal threshold was 32.5 points. Depending on presurgery scores, optimal thresholds varied between 32.5 and 38.5 for the OHS and 28.5 and 36.5 for the OKS. CONCLUSION: This is the first study to apply a composite "success" anchor to the OHS and OKS to evaluate outcome following total joint arthroplasty. Notably fewer patients report a "successful outcome" using a composite outcome threshold than report being "satisfied."


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/normas , Artroplastia do Joelho/normas , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Idoso , Feminino , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Curva ROC , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
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