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1.
Int Braz J Urol ; 482022 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33861538

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The therapeutic role of pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) in prostate cancer (PCa) is unknown due to absence of randomized trials. OBJECTIVE: to present a critical review on the therapeutic benefits of PLND in high risk localized PCa patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search of the literature on PLND was performed using PubMed, Cochrane, and Medline database. Articles obtained regarding diagnostic imaging and sentinel lymph node dissection, PLND extension, impact of PLND on survival, PLND in node positive "only" disease and PLND surgical risks were critically reviewed. RESULTS: High-risk PCa commonly develops metastases. In these patients, the possibility of presenting lymph node disease is high. Thus, extended PLND during radical prostatectomy may be recommended in selected patients with localized high-risk PCa for both accurate staging and therapeutic intent. Although recent advances in detecting patients with lymph node involvement (LNI) with novel imaging and sentinel node dissection, extended PLND continues to be the most accurate method to stage lymph node disease, which may be related to the number of nodes removed. However, extended PLND increases surgical time, with potential impact on perioperative complications, hospital length of stay, rehospitalization and healthcare costs. Controversy persists on its therapeutic benefit, particularly in patients with high node burden. CONCLUSION: The impact of PLND on biochemical recurrence and PCa survival is unclear yet. Selection of patients may benefit from extended PLND but the challenge remains to identify them accurately. Only prospective randomized study would answer the precise role of PLND in high-risk pelvis confined PCa patients.

2.
Curr Urol Rep ; 22(7): 36, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34031793

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To compare laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) and robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) performed in two European tertiary centers using the classic optimal surgical definition - "MIC" - and a new optimal surgical definition: the "Novel TRIFECTA" (NT) concept. We sought to strengthen the PN evidence and to test the NT's performance. RECENT FINDINGS: The study population comprehended 505 cases of localized kidney cancer from two tertiary centers between 2012 and 2019. The NT achievement was higher in the RAPN group when compared to LPN (70.5 vs. 87.4%; p = 0.004), while no differences were found when considering the MIC criteria. Also, a similar high-grade complications rate (Clavien-Dindo > III) and operative time (105 min vs. 100 min; p = NS) were found. In the multivariable regression, the RAPN approach was a predictor of NT achievement (OR 2.45; p = 0.008). NT achievement was higher in the RAPN group, while similar results were found when evaluating the MIC criteria. The NT definition could be more sensitive to the individual-specific responses related to the PN.

3.
Int Braz J Urol ; 472021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34003610

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most common oncologic disease among men. Radical treatment with curative intent provides good oncological results for PCa survivors, although definitive therapy is associated with significant number of serious side-effects. In modern-era of medicine tissue-sparing techniques, such as focal HIFU, have been proposed for PCa patients in order to provide cancer control equivalent to the standard-of-care procedures while reducing morbidities and complications. The aim of this systematic review was to summarise the available evidence about focal HIFU therapy as a primary treatment for localized PCa. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive literature review of focal HIFU therapy in the MEDLINE database (PROSPERO: CRD42021235581). Articles published in the English language between 2010 and 2020 with more than 50 patients were included. RESULTS: Clinically significant in-field recurrence and out-of-field progression were detected to 22% and 29% PCa patients, respectively. Higher ISUP grade group, more positive cores at biopsy and bilateral disease were identified as the main risk factors for disease recurrence. The most common strategy for recurrence management was definitive therapy. Six months after focal HIFU therapy 98% of patients were totally continent and 80% of patients retained sufficient erections for sexual intercourse. The majority of complications presented in the early postoperative period and were classified as low-grade. CONCLUSIONS: This review highlights that focal HIFU therapy appears to be a safe procedure, while short-term cancer control rate is encouraging. Though, second-line treatment or active surveillance seems to be necessary in a significant number of patients.

4.
Eur Urol Focus ; 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33926838

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To date, only one trial compared focal therapy and active surveillance (AS) for low-risk prostate cancer (PCa). In addition, long-term outcomes of focal cryotherapy (FC) are lacking. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate long-term outcomes of FC and compare them with AS. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We included two prospective series of 121 (FC) and 459 (AS) consecutive patients (2008-2018) for low- to intermediate-risk PCa. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Study outcomes were radical therapy-free or androgen deprivation therapy (ADT)-free, any treatment-free, metastasis-free, and overall survival. A matched pair analysis was performed using seven covariates. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: The median FC follow-up was 85 mo (interquartile range 58-104); 92 (76%) men had International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grade 1. Among matched variables, no significant differences were present except for cT stage and year of entry (both p < 0.01). Ten-year radical therapy-free or ADT-free, any treatment-free, metastasis-free, and overall survival were 51%, 40.2%, 93.9%, and 97%, respectively for FC. No differences were noted with AS (all p > 0.05), with the exception of time to radical therapy, time to radical therapy and ADT, and time to any treatment, all being shorter for AS (all p < 0.01). Freedom from radical treatment or ADT was higher for FC (AS 10 yr 39.3%; p = 0.04). Complications were relatively rare (26.5%) and mainly of low grade (Clavien >2, n = 3); three men developed incontinence (p = 0.0814), while both International Index of Erectile Function 5 and International Prostate Symptom Score scores increased (p = 0.0287 and p = 0.0165, respectively). Limitations include absence of randomization. CONCLUSIONS: At an early long-term follow-up, FC in the context of mainly low-risk PCa is safe and increases time to radical therapy but does not provide meaningful oncological advantages compared with AS. PATIENT SUMMARY: We compared focal cryotherapy with active surveillance mainly for low-risk prostate cancer. Focal cryotherapy, despite having fewer complications, did not yield meaningful advantages over active surveillance at 10 yr. Active surveillance should be preferred to focal cryotherapy for these patients.

5.
J Urol ; : 101097JU0000000000001787, 2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33890485

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess whether PCa location might affect oncological outcomes after focal therapy (FT) for prostate cancer (PCa). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified 274 men receiving FT for prostate cancer (PCa) using either HIFU or cryotherapy at a high volume centre between 2009 to 2018. Survival analyses using Kaplan Meier method were used to assess the any additional treatment and radical treatment rates according to PCa location. Propensity-score match analysis was used to compare oncological outcomes of HIFU vs cryotherapy according to PCa location. Covariates were PSA, clinical stage, prostate volume, Gleason score, maximum cancer core length, percentage of positive cores and treatment modality. RESULTS: 166 and 108 men received FT with HIFU and cryotherapy, respectively. Overall, 39% (106) and 31% (85) received at least an additional treatment and a radical treatment after FT, respectively, with a median follow-up of 51 months. The 36-months any additional treatment-free survival was 71%, 75%, and 69% for patient with basal, mid-prostate and apical disease respectively (p=0.7). At MVA PCa location was not significantly associated with higher risk of either any additional treatment or radical treatment (all p >0.4). After matching, there was no difference between HIFU vs cryotherapy in terms of any additional treatment rates according to PCa location. CONCLUSIONS: The PCa location does not significantly affect the rate of failure after FT. The presence of an apical lesion should not be considered an exclusion criteria for FT. Both HIFU and cryotherapy likely achieve similar medium-term oncological results regardless of PCa location.

6.
Minerva Urol Nefrol ; 2021 01 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33439577

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Focal Therapy (FT) for Prostate Cancer (PCa) is promising. However, long-term oncological results are awaited and there is no consensus on follow-up strategies. Molecular biomarkers (MB) may be useful in selecting, treating and following up men undergoing FT, though there is limited evidence in this field to guide practice. We aimed to conduct a consensus meeting, endorsed by the Focal Therapy Society, amongst a large group of experts, to understand the potential utility of MB in FT for localised PCa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 38-item questionnaire was built following a literature search. The authors then performed three rounds of a Delphi Consensus using DelphiManager, using the GRADE grid scoring system, followed by a face-to-face expert meeting. Three areas of interest were identified and covered concerning MB for FT, i) the current/present role; ii) the potential/future role; iii) the recommended features for future studies. Consensus was defined using a 70% agreement threshold. RESULTS: Of 95 invited experts, 42 (44.2%) completed the three Delphi rounds. Twenty-four items reached a consensus and they were then approved at the meeting involving (n=15) experts. Fourteen items reached a consensus on uncertainty, or they did not reach a consensus. They were re-discussed, resulting in a consensus (n=3), a consensus on a partial agreement (n=1), and a consensus on uncertainty (n=10). A final list of statements were derived from the approved and discussed items, with the addition of three generated statements, to provide guidance regarding MB in the context of FT for localised PCa. Research efforts in this field should be considered a priority. CONCLUSIONS: The present study detailed an initial consensus on the use of MB in FT for PCa. This is until evidence becomes available on the subject.

7.
J Urol ; 205(1): 129-136, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33119421

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Focal instead of whole gland ablation for prostate cancer has been proposed to decrease treatment morbidity. We sought to determine differences in erectile function and urinary continence after focal and whole gland ablation for prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2009 to 2018, 346 patients underwent high intensity focused ultrasound or cryotherapy for prostate cancer. Urinary continence was defined as use of no pads and sexual potency as enough erection for sexual penetration. Logistic regressions to treatment groups and covariates age, prostate specific antigen, International Society of Urological Pathology grading, prostate volume and energy modality were performed to access the effect of focal therapy in sexual potency and urinary continence after 3 and 12 months. IIEF-5 (International Index of Erectile Function) and I-PSS (International Prostate Symptom Score) questionnaires were evaluated. Propensity score matching was performed to adjust for potential baseline differences between groups. RESULTS: After exclusion, 195 post-focal therapy and 105 post-whole gland therapy patients were included in analysis. No significant difference was seen in baseline I-PSS and IIEF-5 scores. In multivariate models focal therapy was the most important factor related to sexual potency at 3 (OR 7.7) and 12 months (OR 3.9). Median IIEF-5 score at 3 months was 12 and 5 (p <0.001), and at 12 months was 13 and 9 (p=0.04) in focal therapy and whole gland therapy groups, respectively. Focal therapy was the only factor related to continence (OR 0.7, p <0.001). Results remained significant after propensity score matching. CONCLUSIONS: Focal ablation instead of whole gland therapy is the most important factor related to better sexual and urinary continence recovery after high intensity focused ultrasound and cryotherapy for prostate cancer.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Ablação/efeitos adversos , Criocirurgia/efeitos adversos , Disfunção Erétil/diagnóstico , Ablação por Ultrassom Focalizado de Alta Intensidade/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Incontinência Urinária/diagnóstico , Técnicas de Ablação/métodos , Idoso , Criocirurgia/métodos , Disfunção Erétil/epidemiologia , Disfunção Erétil/etiologia , Disfunção Erétil/prevenção & controle , Seguimentos , Ablação por Ultrassom Focalizado de Alta Intensidade/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Próstata/patologia , Próstata/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Incontinência Urinária/epidemiologia , Incontinência Urinária/etiologia , Incontinência Urinária/prevenção & controle
10.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(6): 984-992, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134246

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Background Focal therapy (FT) for localized prostate cancer (PCa) treatment is raising interest. New technological mpMRI-US guided FT devices have never been compared with the previous generation of ultrasound-only guided devices. Materials and Methods We retrospectively analyzed prospectively recorded data of men undergoing FT for localized low- or intermediate-risk PCa with US- (Ablatherm®-2009 to 2014) or mpMRI-US (Focal One®-from 2014) guided HIFU. Follow-up visits and data were collected using internationally validated questionnaires at 1, 2, 3, 6 and 12 months. Results We included n=88 US-guided FT HIFU and n=52 mpMRI-US guided FT HIFU respectively. No major baseline differences were present except higher rates of Gleason 3+4 for the mpMRI-US group. No major differences were present in hospital stay (p=0.1), catheterization time (p=0.5) and complications (p=0.2) although these tended to be lower in the mpMRI-US group (6.8% versus 13.2% US FT group). At 3 months mpMRI-US guided HIFU had significantly lower urine leak (5.1% vs. 15.9%, p=0.04) and a lower drop in IIEF scores (2 vs. 4.2, p=0.07). Of those undergoing 12-months control biopsy in the mpMRI-US-guided HIFU group, 26% had residual cancer in the treated lobe. Conclusion HIFU FT guided by MRI-US fusion may allow improved functional outcomes and fewer complications compared to US- guided HIFU FT alone. Further analysis is needed to confirm benefits of mpMRI implementation at a longer follow-up and on a larger cohort of patients.

11.
Int Braz J Urol ; 46(6): 984-992, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32822127

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Focal therapy (FT) for localized prostate cancer (PCa) treatment is raising interest. New technological mpMRI-US guided FT devices have never been compared with the previous generation of ultrasound-only guided devices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed prospectively recorded data of men undergoing FT for localized low- or intermediate-risk PCa with US- (Ablatherm®-2009 to 2014) or mpMRI-US (Focal One®-from 2014) guided HIFU. Follow-up visits and data were collected using internationally validated questionnaires at 1, 2, 3, 6 and 12 months. RESULTS: We included n=88 US-guided FT HIFU and n=52 mpMRI-US guided FT HIFU respectively. No major baseline differences were present except higher rates of Gleason 3+4 for the mpMRI-US group. No major differences were present in hospital stay (p=0.1), catheterization time (p=0.5) and complications (p=0.2) although these tended to be lower in the mpMRI-US group (6.8% versus 13.2% US FT group). At 3 months mpMRI-US guided HIFU had significantly lower urine leak (5.1% vs. 15.9%, p=0.04) and a lower drop in IIEF scores (2 vs. 4.2, p=0.07). Of those undergoing 12-months control biopsy in the mpMRI-US-guided HIFU group, 26% had residual cancer in the treated lobe. CONCLUSION: HIFU FT guided by MRI-US fusion may allow improved functional outcomes and fewer complications compared to US- guided HIFU FT alone. Further analysis is needed to confirm benefits of mpMRI implementation at a longer follow-up and on a larger cohort of patients.

12.
J Endourol ; 34(10): 1033-1040, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32597214

RESUMO

Background: Minimally invasive cystectomy is being increasingly performed, however, data comparing laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) and robotic radical cystectomy (RRC) are scarce. We compared 30- and 90-day Clavien-Dindo Classification (CDC) complications between patients undergoing LRC and RRC at our center. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 300 patients who underwent minimally invasive radical cystectomy from January 2007 to July 2019 and grouped them into LRC (112 patients) and RRC (188 patients). We compared the two groups for demographic variables, perioperative characteristics, and 30- and 90-day CDC overall, minor, and major complications. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify variables that predict perioperative complications. Results: The two groups were comparable for the duration of surgery (270 minutes in LRC vs 265 minutes in RRC) and rate of conversion to open surgery. The RRC cohort had a higher estimated blood loss (EBL) (675 mL vs 500 mL, p = 0.006), but the two groups had a comparable need for intraoperative transfusion. Patients undergoing RRC also had a shorter duration of hospital stay (13 days vs 14 days, p < 0.001). There was no difference between the two groups for 30- and 90-day CDC overall, minor, and major complications. The incidence of rehospitalization within 30 days (p = 0.1) and surgical reintervention (p = 0.5) was also comparable between the two groups. On multivariable logistic regression analysis, approach to cystectomy (RRC vs LRC) was not a significant predictor of 30-day CDC overall and major complications. Conclusion: LRC was associated with lesser EBL, whereas the hospital stay was shorter in patients undergoing RRC. The two approaches were comparable with each other for 30- and 90-day CDC overall, minor, and major complications. The choice between the two approaches should depend on availability and surgeon experience and preference, rather than any specific perioperative parameter.

15.
J Urol ; 203(5): 918-925, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31821099

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We compared cancer detection rates in patients who underwent magnetic resonance imaging cognitive guided micro-ultrasound biopsy vs robotic ultrasound magnetic resonance imaging fusion biopsy for prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among 269 targeted biopsy procedures 222 men underwent robotic ultrasound magnetic resonance imaging fusion biopsy and 47 micro-ultrasound biopsy. Robotic ultrasound magnetic resonance imaging fusion biopsy was performed using the transperineal Artemis™ device while micro-ultrasound biopsy was performed transrectally with the high resolution ExactVu™ system. Random biopsies were performed in addition to targeted biopsy in both modalities. Prostate cancer detection rates and concordance between random and target biopsies were also assessed. RESULTS: Groups were comparable in terms of age, prostate specific antigen, prostate volume and magnetic resonance PI-RADS (Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System) version 2 score. The micro-ultrasound biopsy group presented fewer biopsied cores in random and target approaches. In targeted biopsies micro-ultrasound biopsy cases presented higher detection of clinically significant disease (Gleason score greater than 6) than the robotic ultrasound magnetic resonance imaging fusion biopsy group (38% vs 23%, p=0.02). When considering prostate cancer detection regardless of Gleason score or prostate cancer detection by random+target biopsies, no difference was found between the groups. However, on a per core basis overall prostate cancer detection rates favored micro-ultrasound biopsy in random and targeted scenarios. In addition, the PRI-MUS (Prostate Risk Identification Using Micro-Ultrasound) score yielded by micro-ultrasound visualization was independently associated with improved cancer detection rates of clinically significant prostate cancer. CONCLUSIONS: In our initial experience micro-ultrasound biopsy featured a higher clinically significant prostate cancer detection rate in target cores than robotic ultrasound magnetic resonance imaging fusion biopsy, which was associated with target features in micro-ultrasound (PRI-MUS score). These findings reinforce the role of micro-ultrasound technology in targeted biopsies.


Assuntos
Cognição , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética Intervencionista/métodos , Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Robótica/métodos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Idoso , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Períneo , Reto , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
BJU Int ; 125(2): 253-259, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31220396

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the technical feasibility, oncological and functional outcomes of nerve sparing cystoprostatectomy (NSCP) and prostate capsule-sparing cystectomy (PCSC) for the treatment of organ-confined bladder cancer at a single referral centre. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From April 2001 to June 2012, 60 patients underwent PCSC and 47 were treated with NSCP. Inclusion criteria for PCSC were: fully informed consent for the well-motivated patient; negative transurethral resection of the bladder neck; normal prostatic specific antigen (PSA) level (defined as <4 ng/dL during the first year of the study, which was later lowered to 2.5 ng/dL); and normal transrectal ultrasonography, with biopsy for any suspicious nodule. Patients received a complete oncological and functional follow-up. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to depict survival outcomes after surgery. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 73 and 62 months for PCSC and NSCP, respectively, the 5-year cancer-specific survival was 90% for the PCSC group and 78% for the NSCP group (P = 0.055). Considering complications within 30 days after surgery, 13% and 21% patients had Clavien ≥III complications in the PCSC and NSCP groups, respectively (P = 0.2). For functional outcomes, at 3 months after surgery, 54 (90%) and 24 (51%) patients reported full recovery of daytime urinary continence in the PCSC and NSCP groups, respectively (P < 0.001); and for erectile function recovery, 32 (53%) and four (9%) patients in the PCSC group and in the NSCP group were respectively potent without any treatment (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: NSCP and PCSC are appropriate for a subset of patients with bladder cancer, with excellent oncological and functional results. These surgical procedures should be proposed to well-motivated patients.


Assuntos
Cistectomia , Tratamentos com Preservação do Órgão/métodos , Próstata/patologia , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/secundário , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Cistectomia/métodos , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia
17.
Arch Esp Urol ; 72(8): 825-830, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31579041

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) Focal therapy appears to have encouraging oncologic outcomes and urinary and erectile function. The control of the treated area can be done using contrast enhanced ultrasound with sulfur hexafluoride (Sonovue®) at the end of the procedure. We report oncological and functional outcomes in HIFU focal therapy (FT) for prostate cancer (PCa) management using sonovue. METHODS: A total of 274 HIFU procedures were found in our registry in the period between June 2014 and July 2018. Prospective data of 59 consecutive patients after focal high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) using Sonovue were collected. FT failure was defined as positive biopsy Gleason score (GS) ≥ 7 in- or out-field, local or systemic salvage treatment, PCa-metastasis or PCa-specific death. RESULTS: A total of 59 patients submitted to HIFU with median follow-up of 18 months were included in the analysis. Median age was 66.7 yr (IQR 59.1-74.3). Median preoperative prostate-specific antigen (PSA) was 7.6 ng/ml (IQR 5-10.2) and preoperative biopsies GS 6, 7(3+4), 7(4+3) were found in 26 (44%), 30 (50.8%) and 3 (5%), respectively. Failure was found in 16 (27.1%) patients. Failure-free survival (FFS) in 2 and 4yr was 83% and 74% respectively (Figure 1). No PCa-specific death was registered in the period of study. Median nadir PSA after FT was 2.67 ng/ml. Sexual potency was achieved in 75% of previous potent patients and urinary continence in 93.4% of patients at 3 months. Fourteen (23%) patients presented with complications. Four (6.7%) patients have presented complications grade 1 and 10 (16.9%) patients have presented complications grade 2. Six (10.1%) patients have presented acute urinary retention. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that the use of Sonovue after HIFU FT was safe. Patients present a significant proportion of failure after HIFU FT but with good functional outcomes and without incidence of severe complications.


Assuntos
Ablação por Ultrassom Focalizado de Alta Intensidade , Neoplasias da Próstata , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Antígeno Prostático Específico , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Terapia de Salvação , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Arch. esp. urol. (Ed. impr.) ; 72(8): 825-830, oct. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-189090

RESUMO

Objective: High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) Focal therapy appears to have encouraging oncologic outcomes and urinary and erectile function. The control of the treated area can be done using contrast enhanced ultrasound with sulfur hexafluoride (Sonovue(R)) at the end of the procedure. We report oncological and functional outcomes in HIFU focal therapy (FT) for prostate cancer (PCa) management using sonovue. Methods: A total of 274 HIFU procedures were found in our registry in the period between June 2014 and July 2018. Prospective data of 59 consecutive patients after focal high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) using Sonovue were collected. FT failure was defined as positive biopsy Gleason score (GS) ≥ 7 in- or out-field, local or systemic salvage treatment, PCa-metastasis or PCa-specific death.Results: A total of 59 patients submitted to HIFU with median follow-up of 18 months were included in the analysis. Median age was 66.7 yr (IQR 59.1-74.3). Median preoperative prostate-specific antigen (PSA) was 7.6 ng/ml (IQR 5-10.2) and preoperative biopsies GS 6, 7(3 + 4), 7(4 + 3) were found in 26 (44%), 30 (50.8%) and 3 (5%), respectively. Failure was found in 16 (27.1%) patients. Failure-free survival (FFS) in 2 and 4yr was 83% and 74% respectively (Figure 1). No PCa-specific death was registered in the period of study. Median nadir PSA after FT was 2.67 ng/ml. Sexual potency was achieved in 75% of previous potent patients and urinary continence in 93.4% of patients at 3 months. Fourteen (23%) patients presented with complications. Four (6.7%) patients have presented complications grade 1 and 10 (16.9%) patients have presented complications grade 2. Six (10.1%) patients have presented acute urinary retention. Conclusions: Our study shows that the use of Sonovue after HIFU FT was safe. Patients present a significant proportion of failure after HIFU FT but with good functional outcomes and without incidence of severe complications


Objetivos: La terapia focal con HIFU (High-intensity focused ultrasound) parece tener unos resultados oncológicos y de función urinaria y eréctil prometedores. El control del área tratada puede realizarse al final de la intervención utilizando Sonovue(R), el contraste de ecografía con hexafluoruro de azufre. Presentamos los resultados oncológicos y funcionales de la terapia focal con HIFU en el tratamiento cáncer de próstata utilizando Sonovue. Métodos: Se encontraron en nuestro registro un total de 274 intervenciones con HIFU entre Junio 2014 y Julio 2018. Se recogieron los datos prospectivamente en 59 pacientes consecutivos después de HIFU utilizando Sonovue. Se define fracaso de la terapia focal como biopsia positiva con puntuación de Gleason (GS) > 7 dentro o fuera del campo, tratamiento de salvamento local o sistémico, metástasis del CaP o muerte cáncer específica por CaP. Resultados: Se incluyeron en el análisis un total de 59 pacientes sometidos a HIFU con una mediana de seguimiento de 18 meses. La mediana de edad fue 66,7 años (Rango intercuartílico (RIC) 59,1-74,3). La mediana de PSA preoperatorio fue 7,6 ng/mL (RIC 5-10,2) y las biopsias fueron GS 6, 7 (3+4) y 7 (4+3) en 26 (44%), 30 (50,8%) y 3 (5%) casos, respectivamente. En 16 pacientes (27,1%) fracasó el tratamiento. La supervivencia libre de fracaso del tratamiento a 2 y 4 años fue 83% y 74% respectivamente (Figura 1). No se ha registrado ninguna muerte cáncer específica por el CaP en el periodo de estudio. La mediana del nadir de PSA después de la terapia focal fue 2,67 ng/ml. El 75% de los pacientes previamente potentes consiguieron mantener su potencia sexual y el 93,4% eran continentes a los 3 meses. Catorce pacientes (23%) presentaron complicaciones. Cuatro (6,7%) presentaron complicaciones grado 1 y 10 (16,9%) grado 2. Seis pacientes (10,1%) presentaron retención aguda de orina. Conclusiones: Nuestro estudio muestra que el uso de Sonovue después de terapia focal con HIFU es seguro. Los pacientes presentan una proporción significativa de fracasos después de terapia focal con HIFU aunque tiene buenos resultados funcionales y sin incidencia de complicaciones graves


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Ablação por Ultrassom Focalizado de Alta Intensidade , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Antígeno Prostático Específico , Terapia de Salvação , Resultado do Tratamento
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