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1.
Nat Nanotechnol ; 14(5): 420-425, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30833691

RESUMO

Electron microscopy has been instrumental in our understanding of complex biological systems. Although electron microscopy reveals cellular morphology with nanoscale resolution, it does not provide information on the location of different types of proteins. An electron-microscopy-based bioimaging technology capable of localizing individual proteins and resolving protein-protein interactions with respect to cellular ultrastructure would provide important insights into the molecular biology of a cell. Here, we synthesize small lanthanide-doped nanoparticles and measure the absolute photon emission rate of individual nanoparticles resulting from a given electron excitation flux (cathodoluminescence). Our results suggest that the optimization of nanoparticle composition, synthesis protocols and electron imaging conditions can lead to sub-20-nm nanolabels that would enable high signal-to-noise localization of individual biomolecules within a cellular context. In ensemble measurements, these labels exhibit narrow spectra of nine distinct colours, so the imaging of biomolecules in a multicolour electron microscopy modality may be possible.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Nanopartículas/química
2.
Science ; 344(6187): 988-92, 2014 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24812206

RESUMO

Designing systems with large magnetic anisotropy is critical to realize nanoscopic magnets. Thus far, the magnetic anisotropy energy per atom in single-molecule magnets and ferromagnetic films remains typically one to two orders of magnitude below the theoretical limit imposed by the atomic spin-orbit interaction. We realized the maximum magnetic anisotropy for a 3d transition metal atom by coordinating a single Co atom to the O site of an MgO(100) surface. Scanning tunneling spectroscopy reveals a record-high zero-field splitting of 58 millielectron volts as well as slow relaxation of the Co atom's magnetization. This striking behavior originates from the dominating axial ligand field at the O adsorption site, which leads to out-of-plane uniaxial anisotropy while preserving the gas-phase orbital moment of Co, as observed with x-ray magnetic circular dichroism.

3.
Appl Opt ; 41(23): 4891-6, 2002 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12197658

RESUMO

The two-color photorefractive response of near stoichiometric lithium niobate (SLN) doped with Mg above a critical threshold has been investigated. Striking differences as compared with non Mg-doped material were observed: The intermediate level in the two-color writing process has approximately a two orders of magnitude longer lifetime in SLN:Mg than in nominally undoped SLN, the grating is written in a shallower level but can be fixed via a simple thermal process and complementary electron-hole gratings are formed. It is proposed that the Fe impurity level moves from below the small-polaron level in nonMgO-doped material to above it, resulting in the increased lifetime of the small polaron. These changes are associated with a shift of the Fe from a Li site to a Nb site. The two-color sensitivity is higher than in the absence of MgO but the dynamic range is much lower.

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