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Vet Rec ; 150(1): 12-5, 2002 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11817857


Between August and December 1996, there was an outbreak of a debilitating skin disease attributed to Sarcoptes scabiei infection in mountain gorillas (Gorilla beningei beringei) in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park in Uganda. All four members of a gorilla group which had been habituated to tourists were clinically affected; the infant male gorilla was most severely affected and died, the juvenile male showed serious manifestations of the disease and the two adult animals showed milder signs. The three older animals recovered after a single intramuscular dose of ivermectin. S scabiei mites were observed on skin scrapings and biopsies taken while the juvenile was immobilised and in postmortem samples taken from the infant. The clinical signs did not recur during the following year, and no other gorilla groups in the park were observed to be clinically affected.

Surtos de Doenças , Gorilla gorilla/parasitologia , Escabiose/epidemiologia , Escabiose/veterinária , Animais , Injeções Intramusculares , Inseticidas/uso terapêutico , Ivermectina/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Uganda/epidemiologia
J Zoo Wildl Med ; 31(1): 9-14, 2000 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-10884117


Twenty-six anesthetic procedures involving 24 free-living mountain gorillas (Gorilla gorilla beringei) from Rwanda or the Democratic Republic of Congo were performed between February 1987 and October 1997. Sixteen procedures were performed to remove snares or to treat snare-related wounds, and four of the animals died without recovering consciousness because of their severe medical conditions. Ketamine was used for induction 19 times, tiletamine/zolazepam was used five times, and the agent was not recorded for two procedures. The mean (+/- SD) ketamine dosage for four animals of known weight was 7.1 +/- 0.9 mg/kg. All induction agents were delivered i.m. by remote injection, and mean induction times for ketamine and tiletamine/zolazepam were 5.5 +/- 2.6 min (n = 12) and 5.4 +/- 3.7 min (n = 5), respectively. Mean recovery times were significantly shorter with ketamine compared with tiletamine/zolazepam (42.0 +/- 24.9 min, n = 9 vs. 75.25 +/- 22.1 min, n = 4). Low hemoglobin oxygen saturation (mean = 86.7%) was recorded in three cases under ketamine anesthesia, and oxygen insufflation is therefore recommended to prevent hypoxemia. Gorillas induced with tiletamine/zolazepam had significantly higher respiratory rates compared with animals given ketamine. Successful anesthesia and recovery, in particular, depended on the assistance of local personnel.

Anestesia/veterinária , Gorilla gorilla/fisiologia , Anestésicos Combinados , Anestésicos Dissociativos , Animais , Ansiolíticos , Benzodiazepinas , Temperatura Corporal , República Democrática do Congo , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Ketamina , Masculino , Oxigênio/sangue , Respiração , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ruanda , Tiletamina , Zolazepam