Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 115
Filtrar
1.
Plant Cell Environ ; 43(1): 131-142, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31461536

RESUMO

Xylem vulnerability to embolism represents an important trait to determine species distribution patterns and drought resistance. However, estimating embolism resistance frequently requires time-consuming and ambiguous hydraulic lab measurements. Based on a recently developed pneumatic method, we present and test the "Pneumatron", a device that generates high time-resolution and fully automated vulnerability curves. Embolism resistance is estimated by applying a partial vacuum to extract air from an excised xylem sample, while monitoring the pressure change over time. Although the amount of gas extracted is strongly correlated with the percentage loss of xylem conductivity, validation of the Pneumatron was performed by comparison with the optical method for Eucalyptus camaldulensis leaves. The Pneumatron improved the precision of the pneumatic method considerably, facilitating the detection of small differences in the (percentage of air discharged [PAD] < 0.47%). Hence, the Pneumatron can directly measure the 50% PAD without any fitting of vulnerability curves. PAD and embolism frequency based on the optical method were strongly correlated (r2 = 0.93) for E. camaldulensis. By providing an open source platform, the Pneumatron represents an easy, low-cost, and powerful tool for field measurements, which can significantly improve our understanding of plant-water relations and the mechanisms behind embolism.

2.
BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care ; 7(1): e000736, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31798897

RESUMO

Objective: (1) To investigate differences in pain severity and its distribution between patients with and without diabetes mellitus (DM) in a population with advanced osteoarthritis (OA). (2) To explore the role of medication used for diabetes in these associations. Research design and methods: This is a hospital-based cohort study of patients with advanced OA requiring total joint arthroplasty. Interviews and electronic records included: age, gender, occupation, DM (including medication and duration), analgesics used, anthropometry, joints affected by pain and disease duration. Joint pain was scored by the patients using numerical rating scale. Pain severity score was calculated by adding the number of joints affected by pain and the maximum pain score. All analyses were adjusted and/or stratified by gender, age and body mass index. Results: In total, 489 patients with painful OA were included. From those, 139 patients had DM (30% males and 28% females, p=0.03). Pain severity, principally the number of joints affected by pain, and analgesic consumption, was higher in males with diabetes compared with males without diabetes (p=0.012 and OR=3.03; 95% CI 1.24 to 7.36, p=0.015, respectively). These associations were not significant in females (p=0.41 and p=0.66). Pain was more severe in males using insulin versus those who did not (p=0.025). Male subjects with diabetes had higher odds of hand pain or knee and hand pain compared with males without diabetes (OR=3.7, 95% CI 1.15 to 12; p=0.028 and OR=5.54; 95% CI 1.43 to 21.5, p=0.013, respectively). Conclusions: Males with diabetes, especially those who require insulin, have more severe joint pain and consume more analgesics than males without diabetes or those who have DM and use other DM medication.

3.
Plant Cell Physiol ; 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31830271

RESUMO

Energy cane is a bioenergy crop with an outstanding ability to bud sprouting and increasing yield in ratoon cycles even in marginal lands. Bud fate control is key to biomass production and crop profits due to vegetative propagation and tiller dependency, as well as phenotype plasticity to withstand harsh environmental conditions. During the establishment stage (plant-cane cycle), energy cane has a tendency for low root : shoot ratio, which might hamper the ability to cope with stress. Auxin is known to modulate bud sprouting and stimulate rooting in sugarcane. Hence, we treated a slow and a fast bud-sprouting energy cane cultivars with auxin or controls (with and without water soaking) for 6 h prior to planting and evaluate plant growth parameters and metabolic profiling using two techniques (GC-TOF-MS and NMR) to characterize the effect and identify metabolite markers associated with bud inhibition and outgrowth. Auxin inhibited bud burst and promote rooting in setts changing the root : shoot ratio of plantlets. Metabolome allowed the identification of lactate, succinate and aspartate-family amino acids as involved in bud fate control through the potential modulation of oxygen and energy status. Investigating environmental and biochemical factors that regulate bud fate can be incremental to other monocot species. Our study provides new insights into bud quiescence and outgrowth in cane hybrids, with the potential to leverage our understanding of yield-related traits, crop establishment and adaptation to global climate change.

4.
Dis Aquat Organ ; 136(3): 235-241, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724556

RESUMO

The protozoans Toxoplasma gondii and Sarcocystis spp. (Sarcocystidae: Apicomplexa) affect a wide variety of vertebrates. Both have been reported to infect pinnipeds, with impacts on health ranging from inapparent to fulminant disease and death. However, little is known regarding their infections and associated pathology in South American pinnipeds. We used histological techniques to survey for the presence of T. gondii and Sarcocystis spp. in 51 stranded pinnipeds from Brazil. Immunohistochemical and molecular assays were employed in those cases consistent with Sarcocystidae infection. T. gondii cysts were detected in the central nervous system and heart of a South American fur seal Arctocephalus australis, associated with meningoencephalitis, myocarditis and endocarditis, and confirmed by immunohistochemistry. Additionally, this animal presented Sarcocystis sp. cysts in brain and heart tissues. Four additional specimens-2 Subantarctic fur seals A. tropicalis, an Antarctic fur seal A. gazella and another South American fur seal-presented intrasarcoplasmic cysts compatible with Sarcocystis spp. in muscle samples. There was no inflammation associated with the Sarcocystis spp. tissue cysts and all cysts were negative for S. neurona immunohistochemistry. The B1 gene of T. gondii was amplified in the 5 pinnipeds infected by Sarcocystidae protozoans. To our knowledge, this is the first report of toxoplasmosis in wild South American pinnipeds and of Sarcocystis spp. in South American fur seals. Detection of terrestrial parasites in aquatic mammals could be an indicator of their presence in the marine environment.


Assuntos
Caniformia , Sarcocystis , Sarcocistose , Toxoplasma , Toxoplasmose , Animais , Brasil , Sarcocistose/veterinária , Toxoplasmose Animal
5.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(37): 21057-21063, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31528911

RESUMO

Living systems are one of the many examples in which self-organizing systems yield more intricate structures than those that can be achieved using a "step-by-step" approach. This phenomenon can be observed in electrochemical organic synthesis, oscillating metal deposition and in chemical clocks. There is a plenitude of temporal instabilities during self-organization, from ordinary period-one oscillations, going through quasiperiodicity, to the onset of chaos. Here, we describe the emergence of quasiperiodic behavior during the oscillatory electro-deposition of Cu/Sn. The time-series were characterized using a continuous wavelet transform in order to extract the oscillation frequency of the process with changes in temperature, and to calculate the apparent activation energies. Two different energy ranges are presented, and these are attributed to an activation barrier (∼50 kJ mol-1) which is closely related to a fast time-scale of the feedback loops responsible for the current oscillations and a diffusional process (∼20 kJ mol-1), connected to the slow modulations of the oscillation amplitude, giving rise to quasiperiodic dynamics. This kinetic information might provide information on the self-organized synthesis of Cu/Sn metallic multilayers which are kept far from the thermodynamic equilibrium. As self-organization in chemical systems is rapidly developing into a powerful strategy for designing new functional materials, the availability of kinetic parameters is of major interest in rational design.

6.
Am J Transl Res ; 11(8): 5261-5271, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31497239

RESUMO

The use of biomaterials in medical and dental areas has become increasingly important due to the need to restore areas with bone loss or defects. This study analyzed the use of a new elastin polymer matrix combined with Bone Morphogenetic Protein for the repair of cranial defects in rats. Thirty rats were divided into five groups: control (C) defect without graft, E24 (defect filled with elastin matrix submitted to alkaline hydrolysis at 50°C for 24 h), E24/BMP (defect filled with elastin matrix treated at 50°C for 24 h plus BMP), E96 (defect filled with elastin matrix treated at 37°C for 96 h) and E96/BMP (defect filled with elastin matrix treated at 37°C for 96 h plus BMP). The animals were killed after 6 weeks. In the histological and microtomographic analysis, all groups showed bone growth from the defect margins remaining in this region without a marked inflammatory process, but in the E96/BMP group the lamellae were thicker and the collagen fibers more organized. Histometrically, the same group presented higher percentage of new formation (43.25 ± 3.72) in relation to the other groups. It was concluded that the support and delivery system formed by the elastin matrix associated with BMPs had a positive effect on the bone repair process.

7.
Methods Mol Biol ; 1990: 103-108, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31148066

RESUMO

Many assays focus on determining NO content within plant tissues to assess the actual concentration that impacts on cellular processes. Diaminofluorescein fluorescent dyes (DAFs) have been very widely used by plant scientists to reveal likely sites of NO production inside and outside cells. In general, DAFs dyes react with N2O3, a byproduct of NO oxidation, resulting in fluorescence. It is initially available in the form of diacetate (DAF-2DA), which allowed the ready absorption by the cells. The diacetate group is removed by cell esterases leaving the membrane impermeable to DAF-2 and available for N2O3 nitration to generate the highly fluorescent triazole (DAF-2T). Here, we describe two methods for detection of NO by fluorescence, one for NO extracellular detection by DAF-2 and the other one for NO intracellular detection, in this case using DAF-2DA.

8.
J Man Manip Ther ; 27(4): 208-214, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30935325

RESUMO

Objectives: To evaluate the clinical effect of sciatic neural mobilization in combination with the treatment of surrounding structures for sciatica patients. Secondly, we were also interested in identifying possible baseline characteristics that may be associated with improvements in pain and disability for sciatica patients. Methods: Twenty-eight patients with a clinical diagnosis of sciatica were treated with neural mobilization, joint mobilization and soft tissue techniques. Pain intensity and lumbar disability were assessed at baseline and after treatment using a Numerical Rating Scale (0-10) and the Oswestry Disability Index (0-100), respectively. The pre- and post-intervention data were compared. The research protocol was registered under the number NCT03663842. Results: Participants attended an average of 16 (SD±5.6) treatmentsessions over an average of 12 weeks. Decrease in pain scores (before median = 8, after median = 2; p < 0.001) and improvement in lumbar disability scores (before median = 33.3%, after median = 15.6%; p < 0.001) were observed. A multiple linear regression analysis showed that duration of pain and age of the patient predicted the disability improvement: F (2, 24) = 4.084, p < 0.030, R2 = 0.254. Discussion: Patients with sciatica may benefit from neural mobilization in combination with manual therapy for pain and lumbar disability. Longer pain duration and younger age had a negative influence on lumbar disability improvement.

9.
Transbound Emerg Dis ; 66(4): 1674-1692, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30980699

RESUMO

Brucella-exposure and infection is increasingly recognized in marine mammals worldwide. To better understand the epidemiology and health impacts of Brucella spp. in marine mammals of Brazil, molecular (conventional PCR and/or real-time PCR), serological (Rose Bengal Test [RBT], Competitive [c]ELISA, Serum Agglutination Test [SAT]), pathological, immunohistochemical (IHC) and/or microbiological investigations were conducted in samples of 129 stranded or by-caught marine mammals (orders Cetartiodactyla [n = 124], Carnivora [n = 4] and Sirenia [n = 1]). Previous serological tests performed on available sera of 27 of the 129 animals (26 cetaceans and one manatee), indicated 10 seropositive cetaceans. Conventional PCR and/or real-time PCR performed in cases with available organs (n = 119) and/or blood or swabs (n = 10) revealed 4/129 (3.1%) Brucella-infected cetaceans (one of them with positive serology; the remaining three with no available sera). Pathological, IHC and/or microbiological analyses conducted in PCR/real-time PCR and/or seropositive cases (n = 13) revealed Brucella-type lesions, including meningitis/meningoencephalitis, pneumonia, necrotizing hepatitis, pericarditis and osteoarthritis in some of those animals, and positive IHC was found in all of them (excepting two live-stranded animals without available organs). Brucella spp. culture attempts were unsuccessful. Our results demonstrated exposure, asymptomatic, acute and chronic Brucella sp. infection in several cetacean species in the Brazilian coast, highlighting the role of this pathogen in stranding and/or death, particularly in Clymene dolphin (Stenella clymene) and short-finned pilot whale (Globicephala macrorhynchus) off Ceará State. Novel hosts susceptible to Brucella included the franciscana (Pontoporia blainvillei), the Guiana dolphin (Sotalia guianensis) and the spinner dolphin (Stenella longirostris). Additionally, three coinfection cases involving Brucella spp. and cetacean morbillivirus, Edwarsiella tarda and Proteus mirabilis were detected. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first long-term and large-scale survey of Brucella spp. in marine mammals of South America, widening the spectrum of susceptible hosts and geographical distribution range of this agent with zoonotic potential.


Assuntos
Brucella/fisiologia , Brucelose/veterinária , Cetáceos , Otárias , Sirênios , Animais , Brasil/epidemiologia , Brucelose/epidemiologia , Brucelose/microbiologia , Brucelose/patologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/veterinária , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/veterinária , Testes Sorológicos/veterinária
10.
Nitric Oxide ; 84: 38-44, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30639449

RESUMO

The entrapment of NO donors in nanomaterials has emerged as a strategy to protect these molecules from rapid degradation, allowing a more controlled release of NO and prolonging its effect. On the other hand, we have found beneficial effects of S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) - a NO donor - supplying to sugarcane plants under water deficit. Here, we hypothesized that GSNO encapsulated into nanoparticles would be more effective in attenuating the effects of water deficit on sugarcane plants as compared to the supplying of GSNO in its free form. The synthesis and characterization of chitosan nanoparticles containing GSNO were also reported. Sugarcane plants were grown in nutrient solution, and then subjected to the following treatments: control (well-hydrated); water deficit (WD); WD + GSNO sprayed in its free form (WDG) or encapsulated (WDG-NP). In general, both GSNO forms attenuated the effects of water deficit on sugarcane plants. However, the encapsulation of this donor into chitosan nanoparticles caused higher photosynthetic rates under water deficit, as compared to plants supplied with free GSNO. The root/shoot ratio was also increased when encapsulated GSNO was supplied, indicating that delayed release of NO improves drought tolerance of sugarcane plants. Our results provide experimental evidence that nanotechnology can be used for enhancing NO-induced benefits for plants under stressful conditions, alleviating the negative impact of water deficit on plant metabolism and increasing biomass allocation to root system.


Assuntos
Quitosana/química , Nanopartículas/química , Doadores de Óxido Nítrico/farmacologia , S-Nitrosoglutationa/farmacologia , Saccharum/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Fisiológico/efeitos dos fármacos , Biomassa , Preparações de Ação Retardada/química , Secas , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Doadores de Óxido Nítrico/síntese química , Fotossíntese/efeitos dos fármacos , Folhas de Planta/efeitos dos fármacos , Raízes de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Brotos de Planta/efeitos dos fármacos , S-Nitrosoglutationa/síntese química
11.
Acta Trop ; 190: 220-227, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30465743

RESUMO

Herpesvirus (HV) infections in cetaceans are frequently associated with skin and mucosal lesions. Although HV infections have been reported worldwide, their occurrence in southern Atlantic marine mammals is still poorly understood. We tested skin, oral and genital mucosal beta-actin PCR-positive samples from 109 free-ranging Brazilian cetaceans using a universal herpesvirus DNA polymerase PCR. Herpesvirus-positive skin samples from a Guiana dolphin (Sotalia guianensis), a dwarf sperm whale (Kogia sima), a Bolivian river dolphin (Inia boliviensis), and a lingual sample from an Atlantic spotted dolphin (Stenella frontalis) were histologically evaluated. Additional tissue samples from these animals were also PCR-positive for HV, including a novel sequence obtained from the dwarf sperm whale's stomach and mesenteric lymph node. Four novel HV species were detected in the Guiana dolphin (one), the dwarf sperm whale (two) and the Bolivian river dolphin (one). The cutaneous lesions (marked, focally extensive, chronic proliferative dermatitis) of the Guiana dolphin and the Bolivian river dolphin were similar to previous HV reports in cetaceans, despite the absence of intranuclear inclusion bodies. This is the largest HV survey in South American cetaceans and the first detection of HV infection in riverine dolphins worldwide.


Assuntos
Golfinhos/virologia , Herpesviridae/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Herpesviridae/classificação , Herpesviridae/genética , Infecções por Herpesviridae/veterinária , Pele/patologia
12.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 13(1): 328, 2018 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30594233

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Total joint arthroplasty (TJA) benefit patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, a specific approach to detect patients at higher risk of prosthetic joint infection (PJI) and mechanical complications is absent. The aim of this study is to identify groups at higher risk for infections and mechanical complications after TJA in patients with RA and OA based on their most significant predictors. METHODS: This is a hospital-based cohort study with 1150 recipients of TJA. Risk factors and comorbidities were assessed prior to the index surgery. Multivariate logistic and hazard regression were used to determine the relationship between risk factors and occurrence of complications after TJA. Odds ratios (OR), hazard ratios (HR), 95% confidence intervals (CI), and comparison between areas under the curve (AUC) using DeLong's method are presented. RESULTS: Complications were more frequent in subjects with RA, use of corticosteroids, and previous comorbidities: respiratory disease, infections, diabetes, anemia, mental and musculoskeletal comorbidities than in subjects without these risk factors, and these factors were predictors of infections and mechanical complications (P < 0.05). A model including these factors was superior to a model with only type of joint disease (OA/RA) or age and gender to detect infections or mechanical complications after TJA (P < 0.05 for difference between models). Complication risk proportionally increased with the presence of two or more comorbidities (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: There are two groups at higher risk for infections after TJA: patients with OA with at least two risk factors and patients with RA, who usually present at least one of the risk factors for infection.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/cirurgia , Comorbidade , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Falha de Prótese/etiologia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
13.
PLoS One ; 13(12): e0206716, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30586361

RESUMO

Drought stress can imprint marks in plants after a previous exposure, leading to plant acclimation and a permissive state that facilitates a more effective response to subsequent stress events. Such stress imprints would benefit plants obtained through vegetative propagation (propagules). Herein, our hypothesis was that the propagules obtained from plants previously exposed to water deficit would perform better under water deficit as compared to those obtained from plants that did not face stressful conditions. Sugarcane plants were grown under well-hydrated conditions or subjected to three cycles of water deficit by water withholding. Then, the propagules were subjected to water deficit. Leaf gas exchange was reduced under water deficit and the propagules from plants that experienced water deficit presented a faster recovery of CO2 assimilation and higher instantaneous carboxylation efficiency after rehydration as compared to the propagules from plants that never faced water deficit. The propagules from plants that faced water deficit also showed the highest leaf proline concentration under water deficit as well as higher leaf H2O2 concentration and leaf ascorbate peroxidase activity regardless of water regime. Under well-watered conditions, the propagules from plants that faced stressful conditions presented higher root H2O2 concentration and higher activity of catalase in roots as compared to the ones from plants that did not experience water shortage. Such physiological changes were associated with improvements in leaf area and shoot and root dry matter accumulation in propagules obtained from stressed plants. Our results suggest that root H2O2 concentration is a chemical signal associated with improved sugarcane performance under water deficit. Taken together, our findings bring a new perspective to the sugarcane production systems, in which plant acclimation can be explored for improving drought tolerance in rainfed areas.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono/metabolismo , Osmorregulação , Folhas de Planta/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Raízes de Plantas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Saccharum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Água/metabolismo , Desidratação , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo
14.
Braz Dent J ; 29(5): 446-451, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30517442

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of post-space irrigation with NaOCl and CaOCl at different concentrations on the bond strength of posts cemented with a self-adhesive resin cement. Eighty premolars were sectioned 14 mm from the apex, and endodontically treated. The root canal filling was partially removed. Specimens were randomly assigned into 8 groups (n=10), according to the irrigant for post-space irrigation: SS - 0.9% saline solution (control group); CHX - 2% chlorhexidine; 1% NaOCl - 1% sodium hypochlorite; 2.5% NaOCl - 2.5% sodium hypochlorite; 5% NaOCl - 5% sodium hypochlorite; 1% CaOCl - 1% calcium hypochlorite; 2.5% CaOCl - 2.5% calcium hypochlorite; and 5% CaOCl - 5% calcium hypochlorite. For each group, irrigation was performed continuously with 2 ml of solution. The post-spaces were dried with paper points (#80), and glass fiber posts were cemented using a self-adhesive resin cement. The specimens were sectioned perpendicularly and the push-out test was performed. Optical microscopy was used to analyze the failure mode. ANOVA and Bonferroni tests analyzed the bond strength data. NaOCl and CaOCl presented similar bond strength regardless the concentration used to irrigate the post-space (p>0.05). SS showed the highest bond strength (11.47 MPa) (p<0.05). Adhesive failures at the cement/dentin interface were predominant (58.33%). Saline solution should be irrigant of choice to irrigate the post-space before fiber post cementation with self-adhesive resin cement. NaOCl and CaOCl negatively affect the bond strength values.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cálcio/química , Clorexidina/química , Colagem Dentária , Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular , Cimentos de Resina/química , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/química , Hipoclorito de Sódio/química , Irrigação Terapêutica/métodos , Dente Pré-Molar , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Preparo de Canal Radicular , Cloreto de Sódio/química
15.
Dis Aquat Organ ; 130(3): 177-185, 2018 09 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30259870

RESUMO

The poxviruses identified in cetaceans are associated with characteristic tattoo or ring skin lesions. However, little is known regarding the prevalence and progression of these lesions and the molecular characterization of cetacean poxviruses in the Southern Hemisphere. This manuscript describes the progression of poxvirus-like skin lesions in 5 free-ranging Guiana dolphins Sotalia guianensis. Additionally, 151 skin samples from 113 free-ranging cetaceans from Brazil, including 4 animals with tattoo skin lesions, were selected for poxvirus testing. Poxviral DNA polymerase gene PCR amplification was used to detect the virus in ß-actin-positive samples (145/151). DNA topoisomerase I gene PCR was then used in Cetaceanpoxvirus (CePV)-positive cases (n = 2), which were further evaluated by histopathology and electron microscopy. Based on photo-identification, adult Guiana dolphins presented regressing or healed poxvirus-like lesions (2/2), while juveniles presented persistent (2/3) or healed and progressive lesions (1/3). CePV DNA was amplified in a common bottlenose dolphin Tursiops truncatus and in a Guiana dolphin. Intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies and viral particles consistent with poxvirus were identified by histology and electron microscopy, respectively. CePV-specific amino acid motifs were identified through phylogenetic analysis. Our findings corroborate previous studies that suggest the placement of poxviruses from cetaceans within the novel CePV genus. This is the first molecular identification of poxvirus in South American odontocetes.


Assuntos
Golfinho Nariz-de-Garrafa , Filogenia , Infecções por Poxviridae , Poxviridae , Animais , Golfinho Nariz-de-Garrafa/virologia , Brasil , Poxviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Poxviridae/veterinária
16.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(5): 446-451, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-974176

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of post-space irrigation with NaOCl and CaOCl at different concentrations on the bond strength of posts cemented with a self-adhesive resin cement. Eighty premolars were sectioned 14 mm from the apex, and endodontically treated. The root canal filling was partially removed. Specimens were randomly assigned into 8 groups (n=10), according to the irrigant for post-space irrigation: SS - 0.9% saline solution (control group); CHX - 2% chlorhexidine; 1% NaOCl - 1% sodium hypochlorite; 2.5% NaOCl - 2.5% sodium hypochlorite; 5% NaOCl - 5% sodium hypochlorite; 1% CaOCl - 1% calcium hypochlorite; 2.5% CaOCl - 2.5% calcium hypochlorite; and 5% CaOCl - 5% calcium hypochlorite. For each group, irrigation was performed continuously with 2 ml of solution. The post-spaces were dried with paper points (#80), and glass fiber posts were cemented using a self-adhesive resin cement. The specimens were sectioned perpendicularly and the push-out test was performed. Optical microscopy was used to analyze the failure mode. ANOVA and Bonferroni tests analyzed the bond strength data. NaOCl and CaOCl presented similar bond strength regardless the concentration used to irrigate the post-space (p>0.05). SS showed the highest bond strength (11.47 MPa) (p<0.05). Adhesive failures at the cement/dentin interface were predominant (58.33%). Saline solution should be irrigant of choice to irrigate the post-space before fiber post cementation with self-adhesive resin cement. NaOCl and CaOCl negatively affect the bond strength values.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito da irrigação do espaço preparado para o pino com NaOCl e CaOCl em diferentes concentrações na resistência adesiva de pinos cimentados com um cimento resinoso autoadesivo. Oitenta pré-molares foram seccionados 14 mm do ápice e endodonticamente tratado. As obturações foram parcialmente removidas. Os espécimes divididos randomicamente em 8 grupos (n=10) de acordo com o irrigante usado para irrigação do espaço preparado para pino: SF - soro fisiológico 0,9% (grupo controle); CHX - clorexidina 2%; NaOCl 1% - hipoclorito de sódio 1%; NaOCl 2,5% - hipoclorito de sódio 2,5%; NaOCl 5% - hipoclorito de sódio 5%; CaOCl 1% - hipoclorito de cálcio 1%; CaOCl 2,5% - hipoclorito de cálcio 2,5%; CaOCl 5% - hipoclorito de cálcio 5%. Para cada grupo, irrigação foi realizada com 2 mL de solução. O espaço preparado para pino foi seco com cone de papel absorvente (#80) e os pinos de fibra foram cimentados com cimento resinoso autoadesivo. Os espécimes foram seccionados perpendicularmente e o teste de push-out foi realizado. Microscopia óptica foi usada para analisar o padrão de falha. Os testes de ANOVA e Bonferroni analisaram os dados de resistência adesiva. NaOCl e CaOCl apresentaram similar resistência adesiva, independentemente da concentração usada para irrigar o espaço preparado para pino (p>0,05). SF apresentou os maiores valores de resistência adesiva (11,47 MPa) (p<0,05). Falhas adesivas na interface cimento/dentina foram predominantes (58,33%). Soro fisiológico deve ser o irrigante de escolha para irrigar o espaço preparado para pino antes da cimentação de pinos de fibra com cimentos resinosos autoadesivos. NaOCl e CaOCl afetam negativamente os valores de resistência adesiva.

17.
Mol Clin Oncol ; 9(1): 35-39, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29977537

RESUMO

Hypereosinophilic syndrome is a rare, chronic hematological disease characterized by a persistently elevated eosinophil count exceeding 1.5×109/l, following the exclusion of other potential etiologies. The systemic involvement of the disease causes tissue damage through eosinophil infiltration, and may affect various organs; cardiac complications are observed in 50-60% of cases, which are predominately attributed to endomyocardial fibrosis. The treatment is based initially on determining the presence of the FIP1L1-PDGFRA fusion. Patients with positive results for this mutation tend to achieve a complete response with imatinib treatment, which is thus the first line of treatment for this condition. However, patients who are negative for this mutation initially undergo treatment with corticosteroids. This study reports the case of a male 53-year-old patient diagnosed with hypereosinophilic syndrome in 2012, with negative results for the FIP1L1-PDGFRA mutation, and persistently high eosinophil levels, despite receiving the second line of standard treatment for this condition with hydroxyurea, and having already used corticosteroids without success. At the time of admission, the patient presented with acute decompensated heart failure due to severe mitral regurgitation, without any evidence of prior myocardial fibrosis or restrictive cardiomyopathy, and without suggestion of an associated ventricular hypertrophy. This clinical presentation is uncommon, as valvular involvement usually appears in the third stage of the development of cardiac involvement, and is usually associated with fibrosis and thrombotic events. Alternative therapeutic possibilities were evaluated due to the significant progression of the disease, and it was decided to attempt the use of imatinib, despite its use being preferably recommended for FIPIL1-PDGFRA-positive patients. The patient exhibited an evident and immediate response to imatinib, with normalization of the eosinophil count within 24 h of the first dose, which was maintained for at least the next 19 months. This clinical presentation is uncommon, as patients negative for FIPIL1-PDGFRA fusion do not frequently respond to imatinib treatment, and symptomatic heart failure usually appears in the third stage of disease progression.

18.
J Virol Methods ; 259: 45-49, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29890240

RESUMO

Poxviruses are emerging pathogens in cetaceans, temporarily named 'Cetaceanpoxvirus' (CePV, family Poxviridae), classified into two main lineages: CePV-1 in odontocetes and CePV-2 in mysticetes. Only a few studies performed the molecular detection of CePVs, based on DNA-polymerase gene and/or DNA-topoisomerase I gene amplification. Herein we describe a new real-time PCR assay based on SYBR® Green and a new primer set to detect a 150 bp fragment of CePV DNA-polymerase gene, also effective for conventional PCR detection. The novel real-time PCR was able to detect 5 up to 5 × 106 copies per reaction of a cloned positive control. Both novel PCR methods were 1000 to 100,000-fold more sensitive than those previously described in the literature. Samples of characteristic poxvirus skin lesions ('tattoo') from one Risso's dolphin (Grampus griseus), two striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba) and two Guiana dolphins (Sotalia guianensis) were all positive to both our novel real time- and conventional PCR methods, even though three of these animals (a Risso's dolphin, a striped dolphin, and a Guiana dolphin) were previously negative to the conventional PCRs previously available. To our knowledge, this is the first real-time PCR detection method for Cetaceanpoxvirus, a much more sensitive tool for the detection of CePV-1 infections.


Assuntos
Cetáceos/virologia , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular/métodos , Compostos Orgânicos/metabolismo , Infecções por Poxviridae/veterinária , Poxviridae/isolamento & purificação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Coloração e Rotulagem/métodos , Animais , Primers do DNA/genética , Poxviridae/genética , Infecções por Poxviridae/diagnóstico , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
19.
J Plant Physiol ; 223: 9-18, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29433084

RESUMO

Under field conditions, plants are exposed to cycles of dehydration and rehydration during their lifespan. In this study, we hypothesized that sugarcane plants previously exposed to cycles of water deficits will perform better than plants that have never faced water deficits when both are subjected to low water availability. Sugarcane plants were grown in a nutrient solution and exposed to one (1WD), two (2WD) or three (3WD) water deficit cycles. As the reference, plants were grown in a nutrient solution without adding polyethylene glycol. Under water deficits, leaf gas exchange was significantly reduced in 1WD and 2WD plants. However, 3WD plants showed similar CO2 assimilation and lower stomatal conductance compared to the reference plants, with increases in intrinsic water-use efficiency. Abscisic acid concentrations were lower in 3WD plants than in 1WD plants. Our data revealed root H2O2 concentration as an important chemical signal, with the highest root H2O2 concentrations found in 3WD plants. These plants presented higher root dry matter and root:shoot ratios compared to the reference plants, as well as higher biomass production when water was available. Our data suggest that sugarcane plants were able to store information from previous stressful events, with plant performance improving under water deficits. In addition, our findings provide a new perspective for increasing drought tolerance in sugarcane plants under nursery conditions.


Assuntos
Secas , Saccharum/fisiologia , Água/metabolismo , Ácido Abscísico/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/anatomia & histologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Folhas de Planta/fisiologia , Raízes de Plantas/fisiologia , Saccharum/anatomia & histologia , Saccharum/química , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
20.
Fisioter. Bras ; 19(1): f: 03-I: 12, 2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-908778

RESUMO

Introdução: Dor lombar persistente e ciatalgia são queixas comuns na população geral. A dor lombar é amplamente estudada, porém o estado funcional de pacientes com quadro crônico de ciatalgia é pouco descrito. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever o estado funcional de pacientes com ciatalgia. Métodos: Estudo transversal foi conduzido em 44 pacientes com ciatalgia. Os pacientes preencheram a Escala Numérica de Dor (END) e o questionário Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). Um exame físico foi realizado com avaliação clínica e os testes funcionais: teste de caminhada de 10 metros e a Síndrome de Disfunção de Movimento (SDM). Foi realizada a estatística descritiva e a correlação das variáveis. Resultados: A média de idade observada foi de 58,1 anos, com alta intensidade (END = 7,57) e duração (31,22 meses) de dor. A média de incapacidade autopercebida foi 32,79% e foi observada redução da velocidade de caminhada em 97,7% dos participantes. A intensidade da dor, levantar, ficar de pé e sentar foram os itens mais prejudicados. A SDM mais prevalente foi rotação com extensão (48,6%). O Índice de Massa Corporal e desempenho da caminhada se correlacionaram. Conclusão: A velocidade da caminhada e a capacidade funcional estão comprometidas nos pacientes com ciatalgia. (AU)


Introduction: Persistent back pain and sciatica are common complaint in the general population. Back pain is widely studied, but the functional status of sciatica patients is poorly described. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the functional status of patients with sciatica. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 44 sciatica patients. The patients filled a Numeric Rating Pain Scale (NRPS) and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). A physical examination was performed with clinical examination and functional tests: ten meters walk test (TWT) and Lumbar Movement Impairment. A descriptive statistics and variables correlation was performed. Results: The mean age observed was 58.1 years, with a high intensity (NRPS = 7.57) and duration (31.22 months) of pain levels. Self-perceived disability average was 32.79% and lower walking speed was observed on 97.7% of the sample. Pain intensity, lifting, standing, and siting section were the most impaired sections. The most prevalent lumbar syndrome was rotation with extension (48.6%). Body mass index and gait performance were correlated. Conclusion: The walking speed and functional capacity are affected in patients with sciatica. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Avaliação da Deficiência , Ciática , Marcha , Fisioterapia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA