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J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 120: 104543, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33957570


This study evaluated the effect of distinct surface treatments on the fatigue behavior (biaxial flexural fatigue testing) and surface characteristics (topography and roughness) of a 5% mol yttria partially stabilized zirconia ceramic (5Y-PSZ). Disc-shaped specimens of 5Y-PSZ (IPS e.max ZirCAD MT Multi) were manufactured (ISO 6872-2015) and allocated into six groups (n = 15) considering the following surface treatments: Ctrl - no-treatment; GLZ - low-fusing porcelain glaze application; SNF - 5 nm SiO2 nanofilm; AlOx - aluminum oxide particle air-abrasion; SiC - silica-coated aluminum oxide particles (silica-coating); and 7%Si - 7% silica-coated aluminum oxide particles (silica-coating). The biaxial flexural fatigue tests were performed by the step-stress method (20Hz for 10,000 cycles) with a step increment of 50N starting at 100N and proceeding until failure detection. The samples were tested with the treated surface facing down (tensile stress side). Topography, fractography, roughness, and phase content assessments of treated specimens were performed. GLZ group presented the highest fatigue behavior, while AlOx presented the lowest performance, and was only similar to SiC and 7%Si. Ctrl and SNF presented intermediary fatigue behavior, and were also similar to SiC and 7%Si. GLZ promoted a rougher surface, Ctrl and SNF had the lowest roughness, while the air-abrasion groups presented intermediary roughness. No m-phase content was detected (only t and c phases were detected). In conclusion, the application of a thin-layer of low-fusing porcelain glaze, the deposition of silica nanofilms and the air-abrasion with silica-coated alumina particles had no detrimental effect on the fatigue behavior of the 5Y-PSZ, while the air-abrasion with alumina particles damaged the fatigue outcomes.

Dióxido de Silício , Ítrio , Óxido de Alumínio , Cerâmica , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície , Zircônio
J Evid Based Med ; 14(1): 56-64, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33595200


OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the characteristics of different designs of systematic reviews (SRs) registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) about COVID-19. METHODS: The search was performed in the PROSPERO database using the strategy proposed by the database and considered only human studies. The last date of the search was April 27, 2020. Full text of all records was accessed, and data were extracted by a single researcher, which was further double-checked by another researcher. A descriptive analysis was performed considering record characteristics using tables. RESULTS: We included 564 records from which the vast majority were registered as SRs (n = 513, 91%). In general, we found poor reporting and missing or confusing information, since 84% of the records (n = 474) did not report the full search that would be adopted, 16% (n = 90) did not report clearly the databases that would be used, and 49.1% (n = 277) did not report the number of primary outcomes. The main focus of most of the records involved clinical, epidemiological, complication, and laboratory characteristics (n = 173, 30.7%) or the treatment of COVID-19 (n = 138, 24.5%). CONCLUSION: A large number of SRs about COVID-19 have been conducted, and many of the assessed records were poorly reported and would be difficult to replicate. Besides, collected data points to an epidemic of redundant reviews on COVID-19.

COVID-19 , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Bibliometria , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , SARS-CoV-2
J Prosthodont Res ; 65(2): 202-207, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028795


PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of quantity and positioning of veneered zirconia specimens during firing of porcelain on their fatigue performance and colorimetric differences. METHODS: Bilayer discs (Ø=15 mm) were made, following ISO 6872 guidelines, using a Y-TZP core (yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal ceramic; VITA In-Ceram YZ) and a feldspathic veneering material (VITA VM9), being both layers with 0.7 mm thickness. Y-TZP discs were sintered, the veneering material was applied over it, and the bilayer specimens were fired according to two factors (n=20): 'quantity' (1 or 5 samples per firing cycle; G1 and G5 groups respectively) and 'positioning' of the specimens inside the furnace (center or periphery of the refractory tray; G5C and G5P groups, respectively). The CIEL*a*b* parameters were recorded with a spectrophotometer and the color difference (ΔE 00 ) and translucency (TP 00 ) were calculated using CIEDE2000 equations. The step-stress fatigue test was performed with the veneer facing down (region of tensile stress concentration), 10 Hz frequency, initial tension of 20 MPa for 5,000 cycles, followed by steps of 10,000 cycles using a step size of 10 MPa, up to 100 MPa; data from strength and number of cycles for failure were recorded for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Unacceptable color differences (ΔE 00 >1.8) were observed comparing G5C vs. G1 (quantity) and G5C vs. G5P (positioning), meanwhile translucency parameters were not affected. Besides, only the 'quantity' factor influenced the fatigue performance (G1>G5C). None of the tested specimens survived beyond 90N and/or 75000 cycles. CONCLUSIONS: The quantity and position of the specimens during firing influence the final color of porcelain-veneered zirconia, and firing one specimen per cycle improved the fatigue performance of the bilayer system.

Porcelana Dentária , Facetas Dentárias , Cerâmica , Colorimetria , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície , Ítrio , Zircônio
J Prosthodont Res ; 65(2): 162-170, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028796


PURPOSE: This study evaluated the influence of different surface treatments of zirconia used to enhance bonding with veneering porcelain, and thermocycling on the resistance to porcelain cracking and delamination during fatigue test. METHODS: Bilayer ceramic discs were made from zirconia blocks (IPS e.max Zircad MO, Ivoclar Vivadent - 0.7 mm thickness) and randomized into 8 groups (n= 15) according to two factors: 'zirconia surface treatment' (Control; Grinding - diamond bur; Air-abrasion - aluminum oxide particles; and Liner - application of a ceramic liner [IPS e.max Zirliner, Ivoclar Vivadent]); and 'thermocycling' (presence - 12,000 thermal cycles; 5-55ºC; or absence). The discs were veneered with porcelain (IPS e.max Ceram, Ivoclar Vivadent - 0.7 mm; totaling 1.4 mm thickness) according to ISO 6872:2015 for biaxial flexure strength testing. Fatigue tests (step-stress approach; 20 to 100 MPa; step of 10 MPa; 10,000 cycles per step; 10 Hz frequency) were run, followed by the data analysis (Kaplan-Meier and Mantel-Cox post-hoc tests). Analysis of roughness, topography, crystallographic phase arranges and fractography were also executed. RESULTS: The surface treatment and thermocycling did not influence the porcelain crack nor delamination resistance. When only comparing the surface treatments for crack resistance outcome, the liner application depicted the worst fatigue performance in comparison to grinding and air-abrasion, while all groups were similar for delamination. CONCLUSIONS: Neither the surface treatment of the zirconia nor the thermocycling influences the porcelain crack resistance or the resistance to delamination of the bilayer porcelain-veneered zirconia specimens.

Porcelana Dentária , Zircônio , Cerâmica , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Facetas Dentárias , Fadiga , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants ; 35(6): 1209-1217, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33270062


PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to inspect the mechanical fatigue behavior of an implant-supported restorative system using polyether ether ketone (PEEK) and yttria partially stabilized zirconia polycrystals (YZ) as materials for customized definitive implant-supported hybrid abutments, supporting two types of all-ceramic restorations: translucent zirconia (TZ) and lithium disilicate (LD) monolithic crowns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty Morse taper implants were included in epoxy resin. Titanium intermediary abutments were placed, and the specimens were randomly allocated into four groups (n = 10) according to the customized hybrid abutment material (PEEK or YZ) and the monolithic crowns (TZ or LD) representing a maxillary central incisor crown. The specimens were subjected to a mechanical fatigue test (step-stress analysis) by means of an initial 200-N load for 5,000 cycles and subsequent increase of 50 N (step-size) at each 10,000 cycles, until failure occurred. The load at failure and number of cycles until failure were recorded; survival probabilities and specimen displacement were calculated for each step. The failure pattern was evaluated, and the Weibull modulus was obtained for each condition. RESULTS: Fatigue of both types of crowns was not influenced by the abutment material (LD-PEEK = LD-YZ; TZ-PEEK = TZ-YZ). In the PEEK abutment, the values obtained in the LD and TZ crowns showed no statistical difference; however, in the YZ abutment, the TZ crown presented a load at failure value that was statistically higher than that for LD. Failure pattern analysis revealed a higher prevalence of crown fracture for LD groups, while screw/implant platform fractures were shown for TZ groups. CONCLUSION: YZ and PEEK hybrid abutments promoted similar fatigue levels regardless of the crown materials, TZ crowns promoted a higher fatigue level than LD ones when associated with YZ abutments, and LD crowns promoted a similar fatigue level to TZ ones when associated with PEEK custom abutments. Higher prevalence of crown fractures was shown for LD and screw/implant platform fractures for TZ groups.

Projeto do Implante Dentário-Pivô , Zircônio , Cerâmica , Coroas , Dente Suporte , Porcelana Dentária , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Cetonas , Teste de Materiais , Polietilenoglicóis
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 110: 103962, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957253


This study evaluated the distinct conditioning effect of the intaglio surface of bonded fully-stabilized zirconia (FSZ) simplified restorations on the mechanical fatigue behavior of the set prior to and after aging. Ceramic disc shaped specimens (Ø= 10 mm and 1 mm thick) were randomly allocated into 14 groups considering: "surface treatments" (Ctrl: no-treatment; PM: universal primer; GLZ: low-fusing porcelain glaze; SNF: 5 nm SiO2 nanofilm deposition; AlOx: air-abrasion with aluminum oxide; SiC: air-abrasion with silica-coated aluminum oxide; 7%Si: air-abrasion with 7% silica-coated aluminum oxide); and "aging" (baseline: 24 h at 37 °C in water; or aged: 90 days at 37 °C in water + 12,000 thermal cycles). The discs were treated, luted with resin cement onto the dentin analog, subjected to aging or not, and then tested under a step-stress fatigue test at 20 Hz, 10,000 cycles/step, step-size of 100N starting at 200N, and proceeding until failure detection. Fractographic, topographic, surface roughness, contact angle, and atomic force microscopy analyzes were performed. The surface treatments at baseline led to statistically similar fatigue failure loads (953N-1313N), except for GLZ (1313N), which was significantly higher than 7%Si (953 N). Meanwhile, Ctrl had 40% pre-test failures (debonding) after aging, and therefore the worst fatigue performance (notable decrease in fatigue results), while all the other groups presented superior and statistically similar fatigue behavior (973-1271N). In fact, when considering baseline Vs aging conditions, stable fatigue results could only be noted when using surface treatments. In conclusion, internal surface treatments of FSZ ceramic restorations are mandatory for fatigue behavior stability after aging the restorative set, while non-treatment induced unstable results.

Colagem Dentária , Dióxido de Silício , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Propriedades de Superfície , Zircônio