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1.
Clin Nutr ; 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32075745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Some previous evidence have linked dairy products with greater muscle mass, bone mineral density and lower risk of osteoporosis. However, there is also evidence of a detrimental effect of milk on the risk of hip fracture. The aim of this study was to assess the prospective association between dairy consumption and risk of falls in older adults. METHODS: We used data from 2 cohorts of community-dwellers aged ≥60y: the Seniors-ENRICA cohort with 2981 individuals, and the UK Biobank cohort with 8927 participants. In the Seniors-ENRICA, dairy consumption was assessed with a validated diet history in 2008-10, and falls were ascertained up to 2015. In the UK Biobank study, dairy consumption was obtained with 3-5 multiple-pass 24-h food records in 2006-10, and falls were assessed up to 2016. RESULTS: A total of 801 individuals in the Seniors-ENRICA and 201 in the UK Biobank experienced ≥1 fall. After adjustment for potential confounders, dairy products were not associated with risk of falls in the Seniors-ENRICA [hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) per 1-serving increment in total dairy consumption: 1.02 (0.93-1.11), milk: 0.93 (0.85-1.01), yogurt: 1.05 (0.96-1.15), and cheese: 0.96 (0.88-1.05)]. Corresponding figures in the UK Biobank were: total dairy: 1.19 (1.00-1.41), milk: 1.53 (1.13-2.08), yogurt: 1.10 (0.90-1.31), and cheese: 1.02 (0.87-1.22). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest a null association between habitual dairy consumption and the risk of falling in older adults. Whether milk consumption may increase the risk of falls, as observed in the UK Biobank cohort, merits further study.

2.
Eur J Nutr ; 59(3): 1243-1251, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31069456

RESUMO

PURPOSE: No previous study has evaluated the relationship between vitamin K and frailty. Thus, we assessed the relationship between vitamin K status and frailty over 13 years in the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA). METHODS: Prospective cohort study with 644 community-dwelling adults ≥ 55 years from the LASA cohort. In 2002-2003, plasma desphospho-uncarboxylated matrix Gla protein (dp-ucMGP) was measured as marker of vitamin K status through a sandwich ELISA. Frailty was measured at baseline and in four follow-up examinations with the LASA Frailty Index (LASA-FI), which was used as both a continuous and a dichotomous measure (FI ≥ 0.25), as indicator of the degree of frailty and frailty risk, respectively. Statistical analyses were performed with multivariable generalized estimating equations using the lowest dp-ucMGP tertile, reflecting a high vitamin K status, as reference. RESULTS: The mean (SD) age was 59.9 (2.9) years, and 54% were female. Compared with the lowest tertile, the medium and highest dp-ucMGP tertile were associated with a higher degree of frailty [1.40, 95% confidence interval (0.01-2.81) and 1.62, (0.18-3.06), respectively. P trend: 0.03]. Additionally, the medium and highest dp-ucMGP tertile had a higher odds ratio of frailty [1.75 (1.11-2.77) and 1.63 (1.04-2.57), respectively]. The degree of frailty increased over time, but the differences by dp-ucMGP tertiles existed since baseline and remained stable during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Baseline plasma low vitamin K status was associated with a greater degree of frailty and frailty risk in this cohort of older adults, which highlights the importance of ensuring an optimal nutritional status of this vitamin to prevent frailty in later life.

3.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 109(5): 1431-1438, 2019 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31005970

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Habitual coffee consumption has been associated with lower risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and sarcopenia, which are strong risk factors of falls. In addition, caffeine intake stimulates attention and vigilance, and reduces reaction time. Therefore, a protective effect of coffee on the risk of falling can be hypothesized. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the association between habitual coffee consumption and the risk of ≥1 falls, injurious falls, and falls with fracture in older people. METHODS: Data were taken from 2964 participants aged ≥60 y from the Seniors-ENRICA (Study on Nutrition and Cardiovascular Risk in Spain) cohort and 8999 participants aged ≥60 y from the UK Biobank cohort. In the Seniors-ENRICA study, habitual coffee consumption was assessed with a validated diet history in 2008-2010, and falls were ascertained up to 2015. In the UK Biobank study, coffee was measured with 3-5 multiple-pass 24-h food records starting in 2006, and falls were assessed up to 2016. RESULTS: A total of 793 individuals in Seniors-ENRICA and 199 in UK Biobank experienced ≥1 fall during follow-up. After multivariable adjustment for major lifestyle and dietary risk factors and compared with daily consumption of <1 cup of coffee, the pooled HR for ≥1 fall was 0.75 (95% CI: 0.52, 1.07) for total coffee consumption of 1 cup/d and 0.74 (95% CI: 0.62, 0.90) for ≥2 cups/d (P-trend = 0.001). The corresponding figures for caffeinated coffee were 0.67 (95% CI: 0.42, 1.07) and 0.70 (95% CI: 0.56, 0.87) (P-trend < 0.001). Decaffeinated coffee was not associated with risk of falling in the analyzed cohorts. In Seniors-ENRICA, there was a tendency to lower risk of injurious falls among those consuming caffeinated coffee (HR: 0.83; 95% CI: 0.68, 1.00 for 1 cup/d; HR: 0.83; 95% CI: 0.64, 1.09 for ≥2 cups/d; P-trend = 0.09). No association was observed between caffeinated or decaffeinated coffee consumption and risk of falls with fracture. CONCLUSIONS: Habitual coffee consumption was associated with lower risk of falling in older adults in Spain and the United Kingdom.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas/prevenção & controle , Café , Dieta , Comportamento Alimentar , Lesões Acidentais/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cafeína/uso terapêutico , Café/química , Registros de Dieta , Feminino , Fraturas Ósseas/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Espanha , Reino Unido
4.
Eur J Nutr ; 58(4): 1415-1427, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29549497

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Habitual coffee consumption has been associated with lower risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Since these diseases are main determinants of functional limitations, we have tested the hypothesis that coffee intake is associated with lower risk of physical function impairment, frailty and disability in older adults. We focused on women and those with obesity, hypertension or type 2 diabetes because they are at higher risk of functional limitations. METHODS: Prospective study with 3289 individuals ≥ 60 years from the Seniors-ENRICA cohort. In 2008-2010 coffee consumption was measured through a validated dietary history. Participants were followed up until 2015 to ascertain incident impaired physical function, frailty and disability, assessed by both self-report and objective measures. RESULTS: Compared with non-drinking coffee, consumption of ≥ 2 cups of coffee/day was associated with lower risk of impaired agility in women (hazard ratio [HR] 0.71, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.51-0.97, P trend 0.04) and in those with obesity (HR 0.60; 95% CI 0.40-0.90, P trend 0.04). Intake of ≥ 2 cups of coffee/day was also linked to reduced risk of impaired mobility in women (HR 0.66; 95% CI 0.46-0.95, P trend 0.02) and among individuals with hypertension (HR 0.70, 95% CI 0.48-1.00, P trend 0.05). Moreover, among subjects with diabetes, those who consumed ≥ 2 cups/day had lower risk of disability in activities of daily living (HR 0.30, 95% CI 0.11-0.76, P trend 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: In older people, habitual coffee consumption was not associated with increased risk of functional impairment, and it might even be beneficial in women and those with hypertension, obesity or diabetes.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Café , Pessoas com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Idoso , Feminino , Avaliação Geriátrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Espanha/epidemiologia
5.
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci ; 74(7): 1091-1097, 2019 06 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30052782

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The beneficial effect of nut consumption preventing cardio-metabolic diseases and cancer suggests that nuts might also protect from physical function impairment in older people since aging-related functional decline shares biological pathways with these chronic diseases. The objective was to examine the association between nut consumption and impairment of physical function in older adults. METHODS: Prospective study with 3,289 individuals aged ≥60 years from the Seniors-ENRICA cohort. In 2008-2010 and 2012 nut consumption was measured with a validated diet history. Participants were followed-up until 2015 to ascertain incident impaired physical function, specifically impaired agility, mobility, grip strength, gait speed, and overall physical function. Statistical analyses were performed with Cox regression and adjusted for the main confounders, including a wide set of socioeconomic, lifestyle, dietary, and morbidity variables. RESULTS: Overall, 65.7% of participants consumed any type of nuts. The mean intake among nut consumers was 15.1 g/d in men and 14.6 g/d in women. Median consumption of nuts was 11.5 g/d in both sexes. Men consuming ≥11.5 g/d of nuts had a lower risk of impaired agility and mobility than those who did not consume nuts; the hazard ratios (95% confidence interval (CI); p for linear trend) were 0.59 (0.39-0.90; p = .01) and 0.50 (0.29-0.90; p = .02), respectively. In women, compared with nonconsumers, the hazard ratio (95% CI; p for linear trend) of impaired overall physical function for nut intake ≥11.5 g/d was 0.65 (0.48-0.87; p = .004). No association was observed between nut consumption and low grip strength and slow gait speed. CONCLUSIONS: Nut consumption was associated with half the risk of impaired agility and mobility in men and with a lower risk of overall physical function impairment in women. The suggested protective effect of nut consumption on physical functioning merits further examination.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Comportamento Alimentar/fisiologia , Fragilidade , Nozes , Idoso , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Fragilidade/fisiopatologia , Fragilidade/prevenção & controle , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Avaliação Geriátrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Força da Mão/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Limitação da Mobilidade , Avaliação Nutricional , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Estudos Prospectivos , Espanha/epidemiologia , Velocidade de Caminhada/fisiologia
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