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1.
Nurs Open ; 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33587831

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of listening to music or Quran in reducing cancer patients' anxiety before chemotherapy administration. Reducing anxiety in people with cancer, prior to chemotherapy administration, is a crucial goal in nursing care. DESIGN: An experimental comparative study was conducted. METHODS: A simple randomization sampling method was applied. Two hundred thirty-eight people with cancer who underwent chemotherapy were participated. They are assigned as Quran, music and control groups. RESULTS: The overall score of Arabic State Anxiety Inventory in all groups revealed that there was a significant difference between pre-test and post-test among participants. Listening to Quran or music reduced the chemotherapy-induced anxiety. There was no difference between these two ways to reduce anxiety in people with cancer. Listening to Quran or music can be added in nursing care plans prior chemotherapy administrations to reduce cancer patients' anxiety.

2.
Glob Health Promot ; : 1757975920978311, 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334247

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: el 18 de octubre del 2019, Chile vivió el estallido social más grande desde el retorno a la democracia en 1988. En marzo se esperaba retomar con mayor fuerza las movilizaciones, pero con la confirmación del primer caso de COVID-19, el Gobierno de Chile inició una serie de medidas de tipo preventivo, diferentes a las definidas por otros países. METODOLOGÍA: se presenta un análisis de las políticas públicas de promoción de salud adoptadas por Chile en el contexto de la COVID-19. Para esto se utiliza el análisis situacional de Adele Clarke, que incorpora la construcción de mapas situacionales, de mundos sociales y mapas de posición. Para efectos de esta investigación se construye el mapas situacional. Se incluye en el análisis documentos oficiales del Ministerio de Salud, discurso del Presidente de Chile, discursos del Ministerio de Salud. RESULTADOS: las medidas adoptadas por el Gobierno de Chile incorporan alcances del tipo de cuarentenas parciales y controles sanitarios, estado de excepción constitucional, toque de queda, plan económico de emergencia, salud, educación, comercio, transporte, control de fronteras, eventos masivos, vacunación contra la influenza y adultos mayores. CONCLUSIONES: según el análisis realizado, se observa un eje transversal de prioridades de medidas de tipo económico, con todas las implicancias sanitarias, sociales y políticas que se derivan.

3.
Enfermeria (Montev.) ; 7(1): 74-86, jun. 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem, Repositório RHS | ID: biblio-953245

RESUMO

Resumen: Este trabajo describe el nivel de desempeño en el producto final de los estudiantes de enfermería de quinto y noveno nivel que desarrollaron un diseño de ciclo de mejora bajo la metodología de aprendizaje basado en proyectos. Se desarrolló un estudio cuantitativo descriptivo transversal, en el cual se analizó la confiabilidad del instrumento de evaluación del producto final del ciclo de mejora desarrollado a través del aprendizaje basado en problemas, se describió el nivel de desempeño según el nivel del plan de estudio de los estudiantes y se analizaron las relaciones teóricas. En cuanto a los resultados, el instrumento de evaluación del producto final del ciclo de mejora desarrollado por el aprendizaje basado en problemas obtuvo un alfa de Cronbach de 0,852. El test estadístico de ANOVA (F = 3,155, P = 0,057) no muestra diferencias en el nivel de desempeño, pero el test Tukey HSD indica que los estudiantes de noveno semestre concentrado (M = 121,00, DS = 12,12) tienen significativamente mayor puntaje de desempeño. Se concluye que las condiciones para un mejor desempeño en el producto del ciclo de mejora desarrollado a través del aprendizaje basado en problemas se observan en las siguientes características: nivel superior en el que los estudiantes cursaron la asignatura, mayor cantidad de horas de tutoría, menor número de estudiantes por profesor y menor cantidad de estudiantes por grupo.


Resumo: O Objetivo FOI escrever o nível de desempenho no produto final dos estudantes de enfermagem de quinto e nono ano que desenvolveram um projeto de ciclo de melhoria de acordo com a metodologia de aprendizado baseada em projetos. É um estudo transversal descritiva quantitativa foi realizada. Em que se analisou a confiabilidade do instrumento de avaliação do produto final do ciclo de melhoria desenvolvido através de aprendizagem baseada em problemas, o nível de desempenho foi descrito de acordo com o nível do plano de estudo do aluno e as relações teóricas foram analisadas. Resultados: O instrumento obteve alfa de Cronbach de 0,852. A análise estatística de ANOVA (F = 3,155, P = 0,057) não mostrou diferenças no nível de desempenho. Mas o teste Tukey HSD indica que os alunos no nono semestre se concentrada (M = 121,00, DS = 12,12) apresentam pontuações de desempenho significativamente maiores. Conclui-se que as condições para um melhor desempenho no produto do ciclo de melhoria desenvolvido através de aprendizagem baseada em problemas foram observadas nas seguintes características: nível superior em que os alunos cursaram o curso, maior número de horas de tutoria, menor número de alunos por professora e menos alunos por grupo


Abstract:The goal of this article is to describe the level of performance in the final product of fifth and ninth grade nursing students who developed an improvement cycle design under the project-based learning methodology. This quantitative descriptive cross-sectional study was developed according to the reliability of the instrument of evaluation of the final product of the improvement cycle developed through problem-based learning. The level of performance was described according to the level of the student's study plan and the theoretical relationships were analyzed. The final product evaluation tool of the improvement cycle developed by problem-based learning obtained a Cronbach's alpha of 0.852. Statistical analysis of ANOVA (F = 3,155, P = 0.057) showed no differences in the level of performance, but the Tukey HSD test indicates that ninth semester students concentrated (M = 121.00, DS = 12.12) have significantly higher performance scores. The conditions for a better performance in the product of the improvement cycle developed through problem-based learning were observed in the following characteristics: higher level in which the students took the course, greater number of tutoring hours, lower number of students per teacher and fewer students per group.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pesquisa em Educação de Enfermagem , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Chile , Educação Continuada em Enfermagem
4.
Nurse Educ Today ; 66: 135-142, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29704700

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nursing student life is stressful as a result of the work they exert to learn concepts ranging from basic to complicated issues and health concerns for maintaining overall human health. Hence, assessing the quality of life (QOL) of nursing students is important to determine if they have excellent well-being levels as they go through the learning process. OBJECTIVES: This study measured and compared QOL of respondents by country of residence, and identified the QOL predictors of students. DESIGN: Descriptive, cross-sectional design. SETTINGS: A multi-country study conducted in Chile, Egypt, Greece, Hong Kong, India, Kenya, Oman, Saudi Arabia, and the United States of America. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 2012 Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) students. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire containing demographic characteristic items and the World Health Organization QOL-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) was used to gather data from respondents. RESULTS: The highest overall QOL was recorded in the physical health domain, whereas the lowest was in the social health domain. The perceived highest and lowest QOL dimension varied between countries. Age, country of residence, and monthly family income showed statistically significant multivariate effect on the aspects of QOL. CONCLUSIONS: Considering their stressful lives, the present study underscores the importance of ensuring the highest level of well-being among nursing students. The maintenance of high levels of well-being among nursing students should also be prioritized to maximize their learning and ensure their satisfaction in their student life.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , África , Ásia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental/normas , Estados Unidos
5.
J Nurs Scholarsh ; 50(1): 92-101, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28960801

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess cultural competence among nursing students from nine countries to provide an international perspective on cultural competence. DESIGN: A descriptive, cross-sectional design. METHODS: A convenience sample of 2,163 nursing students from nine countries was surveyed using the Cultural Capacity Scale from April to November 2016. RESULTS: The study found a moderate range of cultural competence among the students. The ability to teach and guide other nursing colleagues to display culturally appropriate behavior received the highest competence rating, while the ability to discuss differences between the client's health beliefs or behaviors and nursing knowledge with each client received the lowest competence rating. Differences in cultural competence were observed between students from different countries. Country of residence, gender, age, year of study, attendance at cultural-related training, the experience of taking care of patients from culturally diverse backgrounds and patients belonging to special population groups, and living in a multicultural environment were identified as factors affecting cultural competence. CONCLUSIONS: The international perspective of cultural competence among nursing students provided by this study serves as a vital preview of where nursing education currently stands in terms of providing the necessary preparatory competence in the cultural aspect of care. The variation of cultural competence among nursing students from different nations should serve as a cue for designing a focused yet multimodal nursing education program in guiding them to be culturally sensitive, culturally adaptive, and culturally motivated. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The training of nursing students in providing competent culturally appropriate care should be ensured considering that adequate preparation of nursing students guarantees future competent nursing practice, which can positively impact the nursing profession in any part of the globe.


Assuntos
Competência Cultural , Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Internacionalidade , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pesquisa em Educação de Enfermagem , Pesquisa em Avaliação de Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
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