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1.
Radiother Oncol ; 151: 200-205, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771615

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to assess the effects of non-adherence to external beam radiation therapy in cancer patients receiving treatment with a curative. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study collected health records data for all cancer patients treated with external beam radiotherapy with curative intent in 2016 in Catalonia, Spain. Adherence was defined as having received at least 90% of the total dose prescribed. A logistic regression model was used to assess factors related to non-adherence, and its association with one-year survival was evaluated using Cox regression. RESULTS: The final sample included 8721 patients (mean age 63.6 years): breast cancer was the most common tumour site (38.1%), followed by prostate and colon/rectum. Treatment interruptions prolonged the total duration of therapy in 70.7% of the patients, and 1.0% were non-adherent. Non-adherence was associated with advanced age, female gender, and some localization of primary tumour (head and neck, urinary bladder, and haematological cancers). The risk of death in non-adherent patients was higher than in adherent patients (hazard ratio [HR] 1.63, 95% confidence interval 0.97-2.74), after adjusting for the potential confounding effect of age, gender, tumour site and comorbidity. CONCLUSION: Non-adherence to radiotherapy, as measured by the received dose, is very low in our setting, and it may have an impact on one-year survival.

2.
Radiat Oncol ; 15(1): 208, 2020 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32854730

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To perform a clinical audit to assess adherence to standard clinical practice for the diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of patients undergoing radiotherapy for rectal cancer treatment in four European countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multi-institutional, retrospective cohort study of 221 patients treated for rectal cancer in 2015 at six European cancer centres. Clinical indicators applicable to general radiotherapy processes were evaluated. All data were obtained from electronic medical records. RESULTS: The audits were performed in the year 2017. We found substantial inter-centre variability in adherence to standard clinical practices: 1) presentation of cases at departmental clinical sessions (range, 0-100%) or multidisciplinary tumour board (50-95%); 2) pretreatment MRI (61.5-100%) and thoracoabdominal CT (15.0-100%). Large inter-centre differences were observed in the mean interval between biopsy and first visit to the radiotherapy department (range, 21.6-58.6 days) and between the first visit and start of treatment (15.1-38.8 days). Treatment interruptions ≥ 1 day occurred in 43.9% (2.5-90%) of cases overall. Treatment compensation was performed in 2.1% of cases. Treatment was completed in the prescribed time in 55.7% of cases. CONCLUSIONS: This multi-institutional clinical audit revealed that most centres adhered to standard clinical practices for most of the radiotherapy processes-related variables assessed. However, the audit revealed marked inter-centre variability for certain quality indicators, particularly inconsistent record keeping. Multiple targets for improvement and/or harmonisation were identified, confirming the value of routine clinical audits to detect potential deviations from standard clinical practice.

3.
Clin Transl Gastroenterol ; 11(6): e00162, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32568477

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To date, we do not know the best therapeutic scheme in locally advanced rectal cancer when patients are older or have comorbidities. METHODS: In 2009, we established a prospective treatment protocol that included short-course preoperative radiotherapy (RT) with standard surgery +/- chemotherapy in frail patients, mostly older than 80 years or with comorbidities. RESULTS: We included 87 patients; the mean follow-up was 43.5 months (0.66-106.3). Disease-specific survival and disease-free survival at 36 months were 86.3% and 82.8%; at 60 months, they were 78.2% and 78%, respectively, with a local recurrence rate of 2.5%. The rate of late radiotoxicity was 9% in the form of sacral insufficiency fracture and small bowel obstruction with one death. The interval before surgery varied according to the involvement of the mesorectal fascia, but it was less than 2 weeks in 45% of cases. The rate of R0 was 95%. Surgical complications included abdominal wound dehiscence (3.5%), anastomotic leak (2.4%), and reoperations (11.5%). Downstaging was observed in 51% of the cases, regardless of the interval before surgery. DISCUSSION: Therapeutic outcomes in our group of elderly patients and/or patients with comorbidities with neoadjuvant short-course RT are such as those of the general population treated with neoadjuvant RT-chemotherapy, all with acceptable toxicity. Therefore, this treatment scheme, with short-course preoperative RT, would be the most appropriate in this group of patients.

4.
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother ; 22(5): 408-414, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28831281

RESUMO

As radiotherapy practice and processes become more complex, the need to assure quality control becomes ever greater. At present, no international consensus exists with regards to the optimal quality control indicators for radiotherapy; moreover, few clinical audits have been conducted in the field of radiotherapy. The present article describes the aims and current status of the international IROCA "Improving Radiation Oncology Through Clinical Audits" project. The project has several important aims, including the selection of key quality indicators, the design and implementation of an international audit, and the harmonization of key aspects of radiotherapy processes among participating institutions. The primary aim is to improve the processes that directly impact clinical outcomes for patients. The experience gained from this initiative may serve as the basis for an internationally accepted clinical audit model for radiotherapy.

5.
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother ; 22(2): 83-85, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28490977
6.
Cancer Chemother Pharmacol ; 73(5): 919-23, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24619496

RESUMO

PURPOSE: A prospective, two-stage phase II trial with octreotide in patients with recurrent high-grade meningioma was conducted. The radiographic partial response (RPR) was set as the primary study endpoint, whereas progression-free survival at 6 months (PFS6) was defined as the secondary endpoint. METHODS: Nine patients (eight men; median age 65) with histological high-grade meningioma (five with grade II and four with grade III) and progression after prior surgery and radiotherapy were included. All had positive brain octreotide SPECT scanning. Octreotide was administered intramuscularly once every 28 days at a dose of 30 mg for the first two cycles and 40 mg for subsequent cycles until progression. Magnetic resonance imaging was performed every 3 months. Progression and RPR were defined as an increase of ≥25 % and as a decrease of ≥50 % in two-dimensional maximum diameters, respectively. RESULTS: Patients received a median of three octreotide cycles (range 1-8) without grade ≥2 toxicities. No RPRs were observed. Stable disease was the best response in 33.3 % (n = 3). All patients had progressive disease at 10 months of follow-up. Median time to progression was 4.23 months (range 1-9.4), and the PFS6 was 44.4 % (n = 4). CONCLUSION: Our study failed to provide evidence to support the use of monthly long-acting somatostatin analogue schedule in recurrent high-grade meningiomas, as none of our patients demonstrated RPR. The modest median PFS of 4-5 months along with the unknown natural history of recurrent meningiomas render the use of this therapy against these aggressive brain tumors uncertain.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Meningioma/tratamento farmacológico , Octreotida/uso terapêutico , Somatostatina/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Meníngeas/patologia , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/patologia , Meningioma/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Octreotida/análogos & derivados , Octreotida/farmacologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Somatostatina/análogos & derivados , Somatostatina/farmacologia , Adulto Jovem
8.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 14(2): 132-7, 2012 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22301402

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to determine the interobserver variability (IV) between radiation oncologists (RO) in target volume delineation for postoperative gastric cancer (GC) radiotherapy planning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four physicians were asked to delimitate clinical target volume (CTV) on the same 3D CT images in 9 postoperative radiochemotherapy GC patients. Instructions were given to include tumour bed, remaining stomach, anastomosis, duodenal loop and local lymph nodes. The principal variable was spatial volume discrepancy between the main observer (called "A") and other observers (all called "B"), which were compared using the mathematical formula A⌣B/A⌢B, applied to the 3D CT images using Boolean operators. Analysis of variance with two random effects (observers and patients) was performed. RESULTS: Mean volumes were 1410 cm(3) for OBA, 1231 cm(3) for OB2, 734.6 cm(3) for OB3 and 1350 cm(3) for OB4. Discrepancies were 519.9±431.6 cm(3) for OB2, 652.1±294.36 cm(3) for OB3 and 225.90±237.07 cm(3) for OB4. Standard deviation ascribed to patients as random effect was 898.6 cm(3) and that ascribed to observers was 198.10 cm(3), considered as a statistically significant difference. CONCLUSIONS: A significant IV in target delineation that can be attributed to many factors depends more on patients' characteristics than RO delineating decisions.


Assuntos
Quimiorradioterapia , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Padrões de Prática Médica , Radioterapia (Especialidade) , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Seguimentos , Humanos , Leucovorina/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Projetos Piloto , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
9.
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother ; 17(4): 237-42, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24377030

RESUMO

AIM: Review of literature and adjuvant treatment in Hemangiopericytoma after complete resection. BACKGROUND: Intracranial hemangiopericytoma (HPC) is an uncommon malignant vascular tumor arising from mesenchymal cells with pericytic differentiation. Surgery remains the mainstay treatment, and adjuvant radiation therapy appears to be appropriate for patients with high grade tumors or incomplete resection. We present our experience and review of the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We describe two cases of intracranial hemangiopericytoma located in the frontal lobe of the CNS. Both patients underwent complete tumor resection followed by adjuvant fractionated radiotherapy and completed treatment without interruptions. RESULTS: A local recurrence was observed in one of these cases and fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy was performed. Both patients are alive and disease has been under control up to date. CONCLUSION: The treatment of choice for intracranial hemangiopericytoma is a complete surgical resection as long as possible. Adjuvant radiotherapy of HPC can result in increased tumor control and should be considered as an effective treatment for patients with high grade or demonstrated residual tumor in the postoperative period. Salvage treatment using limited-field fractionated radiotherapy for local recurrence treatment is considered an acceptable option.

10.
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother ; 15(4): 107-9, 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24376934

RESUMO

We present the case of a patient with progressive Langerhans cell sarcoma whose cutaneous lesions and nodal masses were treated with palliative radiotherapy. Response to relatively low doses of radiotherapy was both good and sustained. We recommend a dose of 15-30 Gy depending on treatment intention and volume of the lesions.

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