Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 117
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Tipo de estudo
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Med Chem ; 62(21): 9931-9946, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638797

RESUMO

RORγt is an important nuclear receptor that regulates the production of several pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-17 and IL-22. As a result, RORγt has been identified as a potential target for the treatment of various immunological disorders such as psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, and inflammatory bowel diseases. Structure and computer-assisted drug design led to the identification of a novel series of tricyclic RORγt inverse agonists with significantly improved in vitro activity in the reporter (Gal4) and human whole blood assays compared to our previous chemotype. Through careful structure activity relationship, several potent and selective RORγt inverse agonists have been identified. Pharmacokinetic studies allowed the identification of the lead molecule 32 with a low peak-to-trough ratio. This molecule showed excellent activity in an IL-2/IL-23-induced mouse pharmacodynamic study and demonstrated biologic-like efficacy in an IL-23-induced preclinical model of psoriasis.

2.
J Med Chem ; 62(7): 3228-3250, 2019 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30893553

RESUMO

Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK), a non-receptor tyrosine kinase, is a member of the Tec family of kinases and is essential for B cell receptor (BCR) mediated signaling. BTK also plays a critical role in the downstream signaling pathways for the Fcγ receptor in monocytes, the Fcε receptor in granulocytes, and the RANK receptor in osteoclasts. As a result, pharmacological inhibition of BTK is anticipated to provide an effective strategy for the clinical treatment of autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. This article will outline the evolution of our strategy to identify a covalent, irreversible inhibitor of BTK that has the intrinsic potency, selectivity, and pharmacokinetic properties necessary to provide a rapid rate of inactivation systemically following a very low dose. With excellent in vivo efficacy and a very desirable tolerability profile, 5a (branebrutinib, BMS-986195) has advanced into clinical studies.

3.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 2018 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30503632

RESUMO

This letter describes the first account of the chemical optimization (SAR and DMPK profiling) of a new series of mGlu4 positive allosteric modulators (PAMs), leading to the identification of VU0652957 (VU2957, Valiglurax), a compound profiled as a preclinical development candidate. Here, we detail the challenges faced in allosteric modulator programs (e.g., steep SAR, as well as subtle structural changes affecting overall physiochemical/DMPK properties and CNS penetration).

4.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 28(15): 2641-2646, 2018 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29958762

RESUMO

Previous reports from our laboratory disclosed the structure and activity of a novel 1H-pyrazolo[4,3-b]pyridine-3-amine scaffold (VU8506) which showed excellent potency, selectivity and in vivo efficacy in preclinical rodent models of Parkinson's disease. Unfortunately, this compound suffered from significant CYP1A2 induction as measured through upstream AhR activation (125-fold) and thus was precluded from further advancement in chronic studies. Herein, we report a new scaffold developed recently which was systematically studied in order to mitigate the CYP1A2 liabilities presented in the earlier scaffolds. We have identified a novel structure that maintains the potency and selectivity of other mGlu4 PAMs, leading to 9i (hmGlu4 EC50 = 43 nM; AhR activation = 2.3-fold).

5.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 9(5): 472-477, 2018 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29795762

RESUMO

There is a significant unmet medical need for more efficacious and rapidly acting antidepressants. Toward this end, negative allosteric modulators of the N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor subtype GluN2B have demonstrated encouraging therapeutic potential. We report herein the discovery and preclinical profile of a water-soluble intravenous prodrug BMS-986163 (6) and its active parent molecule BMS-986169 (5), which demonstrated high binding affinity for the GluN2B allosteric site (Ki = 4.0 nM) and selective inhibition of GluN2B receptor function (IC50 = 24 nM) in cells. The conversion of prodrug 6 to parent 5 was rapid in vitro and in vivo across preclinical species. After intravenous administration, compounds 5 and 6 have exhibited robust levels of ex vivo GluN2B target engagement in rodents and antidepressant-like activity in mice. No significant off-target activity was observed for 5, 6, or the major circulating metabolites met-1 and met-2. The prodrug BMS-986163 (6) has demonstrated an acceptable safety and toxicology profile and was selected as a preclinical candidate for further evaluation in major depressive disorder.

6.
PLoS One ; 12(12): e0187609, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29261656

RESUMO

Agonists at the nicotinic acetylcholine alpha 7 receptor (nAChR α7) subtype have the potential to treat cognitive deficits in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) or schizophrenia. Visuo-spatial paired associates learning (vsPAL) is a task that has been shown to reliably predict conversion from mild cognitive impairment to AD in humans and can also be performed by nonhuman primates. Reversal of scopolamine-induced impairment of vsPAL performance may represent a translational approach for the development of nAChR α7 agonists. The present study investigated the effect of treatment with the acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, donepezil, or three nAChR α7 agonists, BMS-933043, EVP-6124 and RG3487, on vsPAL performance in scopolamine-treated cynomolgus monkeys. Scopolamine administration impaired vsPAL performance accuracy in a dose- and difficulty- dependent manner. The impairment of eventual accuracy, a measure of visuo-spatial learning during the task, was significantly ameliorated by treatment with donepezil (0.3 mg/kg, i.m.), EVP-6124 (0.01 mg/kg, i.m.) or BMS-933043 (0.03, 0.1 and 0.3 mg/kg, i.m.). Both nAChR α7 agonists showed inverted-U shaped dose-effect relationships with EVP-6124 effective at a single dose only whereas BMS-933043 was effective across at least a 10 fold dose/exposure range. RG3487 was not efficacious in this paradigm at the dose range examined (0.03-1 mg/kg, i.m.). These results are the first demonstration that the nAChR α7 agonists, EVP-6124 and BMS-933043, can ameliorate scopolamine-induced cognitive deficits in nonhuman primates performing the vsPAL task.


Assuntos
Aprendizagem por Associação de Pares/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinuclidinas/farmacologia , Percepção Espacial/classificação , Compostos de Espiro/farmacologia , Tiofenos/farmacologia , Percepção Visual/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptor Nicotínico de Acetilcolina alfa7/agonistas , Animais , Donepezila , Indanos/farmacologia , Macaca fascicularis , Masculino , Piperidinas/farmacologia , Quinuclidinas/química , Tempo de Reação/efeitos dos fármacos , Escopolamina , Compostos de Espiro/química , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas , Tiofenos/química , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Pharmacol Exp Ther ; 363(3): 377-393, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28954811

RESUMO

(R)-3-((3S,4S)-3-fluoro-4-(4-hydroxyphenyl)piperidin-1-yl)-1-(4-methylbenzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one (BMS-986169) and the phosphate prodrug 4-((3S,4S)-3-fluoro-1-((R)-1-(4-methylbenzyl)-2-oxopyrrolidin-3-yl)piperidin-4-yl)phenyl dihydrogen phosphate (BMS-986163) were identified from a drug discovery effort focused on the development of novel, intravenous glutamate N-methyl-d-aspartate 2B receptor (GluN2B) negative allosteric modulators (NAMs) for treatment-resistant depression (TRD). BMS-986169 showed high binding affinity for the GluN2B subunit allosteric modulatory site (Ki = 4.03-6.3 nM) and selectively inhibited GluN2B receptor function in Xenopus oocytes expressing human N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor subtypes (IC50 = 24.1 nM). BMS-986169 weakly inhibited human ether-a-go-go-related gene channel activity (IC50 = 28.4 µM) and had negligible activity in an assay panel containing 40 additional pharmacological targets. Intravenous administration of BMS-986169 or BMS-986163 dose-dependently increased GluN2B receptor occupancy and inhibited in vivo [3H](+)-5-methyl-10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cyclohepten-5,10-imine ([3H]MK-801) binding, confirming target engagement and effective cleavage of the prodrug. BMS-986169 reduced immobility in the mouse forced swim test, an effect similar to intravenous ketamine treatment. Decreased novelty suppressed feeding latency, and increased ex vivo hippocampal long-term potentiation was also seen 24 hours after acute BMS-986163 or BMS-986169 administration. BMS-986169 did not produce ketamine-like hyperlocomotion or abnormal behaviors in mice or cynomolgus monkeys but did produce a transient working memory impairment in monkeys that was closely related to plasma exposure. Finally, BMS-986163 produced robust changes in the quantitative electroencephalogram power band distribution, a translational measure that can be used to assess pharmacodynamic activity in healthy humans. Due to the poor aqueous solubility of BMS-986169, BMS-986163 was selected as the lead GluN2B NAM candidate for further evaluation as a novel intravenous agent for TRD.


Assuntos
Antidepressivos/uso terapêutico , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/tratamento farmacológico , Organofosfatos/uso terapêutico , Piperidinas/uso terapêutico , Pró-Fármacos/uso terapêutico , Pirrolidinonas/uso terapêutico , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/metabolismo , Administração Intravenosa , Regulação Alostérica , Animais , Antidepressivos/efeitos adversos , Antidepressivos/farmacocinética , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Ondas Encefálicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/fisiopatologia , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/psicologia , Transtornos Dissociativos/induzido quimicamente , Macaca fascicularis , Masculino , Memória de Curto Prazo/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Atividade Motora/efeitos dos fármacos , Organofosfatos/efeitos adversos , Organofosfatos/farmacocinética , Piperidinas/efeitos adversos , Piperidinas/farmacocinética , Pró-Fármacos/efeitos adversos , Pró-Fármacos/farmacocinética , Pirrolidinonas/efeitos adversos , Pirrolidinonas/farmacocinética , Ensaio Radioligante , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/antagonistas & inibidores , Xenopus
9.
Cell Rep ; 20(1): 76-88, 2017 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28683325

RESUMO

Metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) has been implicated in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology. We sought to understand whether mGluR5's role in AD requires glutamate signaling. We used a potent mGluR5 silent allosteric modulator (SAM, BMS-984923) to separate its well-known physiological role in glutamate signaling from a pathological role in mediating amyloid-ß oligomer (Aßo) action. Binding of the SAM to mGluR5 does not change glutamate signaling but strongly reduces mGluR5 interaction with cellular prion protein (PrPC) bound to Aßo. The SAM compound prevents Aßo-induced signal transduction in brain slices and in an AD transgenic mouse model, the APPswe/PS1ΔE9 strain. Critically, 4 weeks of SAM treatment rescues memory deficits and synaptic depletion in the APPswe/PS1ΔE9 transgenic mouse brain. Our data show that mGluR5's role in Aßo-dependent AD phenotypes is separate from its role in glutamate signaling and silent allosteric modulation of mGluR5 has promise as a disease-modifying AD intervention with a broad therapeutic window.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Receptor de Glutamato Metabotrópico 5/metabolismo , Transmissão Sináptica/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Alostérica , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Precursor de Proteína beta-Amiloide/genética , Precursor de Proteína beta-Amiloide/metabolismo , Animais , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Memória , Camundongos , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Fenótipo , Presenilinas/genética , Príons/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica
10.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 807: 1-11, 2017 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28438647

RESUMO

The α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor is thought to play an important role in human cognition. Here we describe the in vivo effects of BMS-902483, a selective potent α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor partial agonist, in relationship to α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor occupancy. BMS-902483 has low nanomolar affinity for rat and human α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and elicits currents in cells expressing human or rat α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors that are about 60% of the maximal acetylcholine response. BMS-902483 improved 24h novel object recognition memory in mice with a minimal effective dose (MED) of 0.1mg/kg and reversed MK-801-induced deficits in a rat attentional set-shifting model of executive function with an MED of 3mg/kg. Enhancement of novel object recognition was blocked by the silent α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonist, NS6740, demonstrating that activity of BMS-902483 was mediated by α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. BMS-902483 also reversed ketamine-induced deficits in auditory gating in rats, and enhanced ex vivo hippocampal long-term potentiation examined 24h after dosing in mice. Results from an ex vivo brain homogenate binding assay showed that α7 receptor occupancy ranged from 64% (novel object recognition) to ~90% (set shift and gating) at the MED for behavioral and sensory processing effects of BMS-902483.


Assuntos
Cognição/efeitos dos fármacos , Agonismo Parcial de Drogas , Agonistas Nicotínicos/farmacologia , Quinuclidinas/farmacologia , Filtro Sensorial/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Espiro/farmacologia , Receptor Nicotínico de Acetilcolina alfa7/agonistas , Animais , Atenção/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Células HEK293 , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipocampo/fisiologia , Humanos , Potenciação de Longa Duração/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Memória/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Ratos
11.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 8(3): 366-371, 2017 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28337332

RESUMO

The therapeutic treatment of negative symptoms and cognitive dysfunction associated with schizophrenia is a significant unmet medical need. Preclinical literature indicates that α7 neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine (nACh) receptor agonists may provide an effective approach to treating cognitive dysfunction in schizophrenia. We report herein the discovery and evaluation of 1c (BMS-933043), a novel and potent α7 nACh receptor partial agonist with high selectivity against other nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subtypes (>100-fold) and the 5-HT3A receptor (>300-fold). In vivo activity was demonstrated in a preclinical model of cognitive impairment, mouse novel object recognition. BMS-933043 has completed Phase I clinical trials.

12.
J Org Chem ; 82(7): 3710-3720, 2017 04 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28306261

RESUMO

An asymmetric synthesis of the major metabolite of the calcitonin gene-related peptide recepotor antagonist BMS-846372 is presented. The variously substituted cyclohepta[b]pyridine ring system represents an underexplored ring system and showed some unexpected chemistry. Reactivities of epoxide and ketone functional groups on the cycloheptane ring were extensively controlled by a remote bulky TIPS group. The rate difference of the hydrogenolysis between two diastereomeric epoxide intermediates shed some light on the mechanism of epoxide hydrogenolysis, and further, deuterium labeling studies revealed more mechanistic details on this well-known chemical transformation for the first time.


Assuntos
Antagonistas do Receptor do Peptídeo Relacionado ao Gene de Calcitonina , Compostos de Epóxi/química , Compostos Heterocíclicos de 4 ou mais Anéis/farmacologia , Hidrólise , Análise Espectral/métodos
13.
Neuropharmacology ; 118: 167-174, 2017 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28315351

RESUMO

Adaptor-associated kinase 1 (AAK1), a member of the Ark1/Prk1 family of serine/threonine kinases, plays a role in modulating clatherin coated endocytosis of specific surface receptors. We have demonstrated that AAK1 inhibitors are efficacious in rodent models of neuropathic pain (Kostich et al., 2016). Here we have characterized the binding properties and distribution pattern of the tritiated AAK1 radioligand, [3H]BMT-046091, in rodents and cynomolgus monkeys, and used the radioligand to measure the brain target occupancy following systemic administration of AAK1 inhibitors. We have found that [3H]BMT-046091 is potent and selective AAK1 inhibitor. It inhibits AAK1 phosphorylation of a peptide derived from a physiologic substrate, the µ2 subunit of the adaptor protein complex, with an IC50 value of 2.8 nM, and is inactive at >5 µM in a panel of functional or binding assays for receptors, transporters and enzymes. [3H]BMT-046091 binding in the brain is absent in the AAK1 knockout mouse, and is displaceable with a high concentration of AAK1 inhibitors in wild type mice. Specific [3H]BMT-046091 binding is widespread in the brain and spinal cord with the highest density in the cortex, hippocampus, amygdala, striatum and thalamus. In the spinal cord, [3H]BMT-046091 binding appears enriched in the dorsal horn superficial layers. Oral administration of LP-935509, an AAK1 inhibitor, results in a dose-dependent occupation of AAK1 binding sites in the brain and spinal cord. The increase in AAK1 binding site occupancy by LP-935509 correlates with the decrease in antinociceptive responses in the rat chronic constriction injury model of neuropathic pain.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacocinética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/complicações , Aminas/farmacocinética , Animais , Autorradiografia , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Ácidos Cicloexanocarboxílicos/farmacocinética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Lateralidade Funcional , Gabapentina , Haplorrinos , Hiperalgesia/etiologia , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Naftiridinas/química , Naftiridinas/farmacocinética , Neuralgia/etiologia , Neuralgia/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Ligação Proteica/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Ensaio Radioligante , Ratos , Trítio/farmacocinética , Ácido gama-Aminobutírico/farmacocinética
14.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 27(5): 1261-1266, 2017 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28169167

RESUMO

Quinuclidine-containing spirooxazolines, as described in the previous report in this series, were demonstrated to have utility as α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7 nAChR) partial agonists. In this work, the SAR of this chemotype was expanded to include an array of diazine heterocyclic substitutions. Many of the heterocyclic analogs were potent partial agonists of the α7 receptor, selective against other nicotinic receptors and the serotinergic 5HT3A receptor. (1'S,3'R,4'S)-N-(6-phenylpyrimidin-4-yl)-4H-1'-azaspiro[oxazole-5,3'-bicyclo[2.2.2]octan]-2-amine, a potent and selective α7 nAChR partial agonist, was demonstrated to improve cognition in the mouse novel object recognition (NOR) model of episodic memory.


Assuntos
Desenho de Drogas , Octanos/síntese química , Pirimidinas/síntese química , Compostos de Espiro/síntese química , Receptor Nicotínico de Acetilcolina alfa7/agonistas , Animais , Cognição/efeitos dos fármacos , Transtornos Cognitivos/tratamento farmacológico , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Octanos/química , Octanos/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/química , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Compostos de Espiro/química , Compostos de Espiro/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
15.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 27(6): 1360-1363, 2017 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28223020

RESUMO

A series of phosphate and ester-based prodrugs of anilinopyrazinone 1 (BMS-665053) containing either a methylene or an (acyloxy)alkoxy linker was prepared and evaluated in rat pharmacokinetic studies with the goal of improving the oral bioavailability of the parent (1). The prodrugs, in general, had improved aqueous solubility and oral bioavailability compared to 1. Prodrug 12, which contains an (acyloxy)alkoxy linker, showed the greatest improvement in the oral bioavailability relative to the parent (1), with a seven-fold increase (from 5% to 36%) in rat pharmacokinetic studies.


Assuntos
Pró-Fármacos/síntese química , Pró-Fármacos/farmacologia , Pirazinas/farmacologia , Receptores de Hormônio Liberador da Corticotropina/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Disponibilidade Biológica , Pró-Fármacos/farmacocinética , Pirazinas/farmacocinética , Ratos
16.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 799: 16-25, 2017 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28132910

RESUMO

The alpha7 (α7) nicotinic acetylcholine receptor is a therapeutic target for cognitive disorders. Here we describe 3-(3,4-difluorophenyl)-N-(1-(6-(4-(pyridin-2-yl)piperazin-1-yl)pyrazin-2-yl)ethyl)propanamide (B-973), a novel piperazine-containing molecule that acts as a positive allosteric modulator of the α7 receptor. We characterize the action of B-973 on the α7 receptor using electrophysiology and radioligand binding. At 0.1mM acetylcholine, 1µM B-973 potentiated peak acetylcholine-induced currents 6-fold relative to maximal acetylcholine (3mM) and slowed channel desensitization, resulting in a 6900-fold increase in charge transfer. The EC50 of B-973 was approximately 0.3µM at acetylcholine concentrations ranging from 0.03 to 3mM. At a concentration of 1µM, B-973 shifted the acetylcholine EC50 of peak currents from 0.30mM in control to 0.007mM. B-973 slowed channel deactivation upon acetylcholine removal (τ=50s) and increased the affinity of the α7 agonist [3H]A-585539. In the absence of exogenously added acetylcholine, application of B-973 at concentrations >1µM induced large methyllycaconitine-sensitive currents, suggesting B-973 can function as an Ago-PAM at high concentrations. B-973 will be a useful probe for investigating the biological consequences of increasing α7 receptor activity through allosteric modulation.


Assuntos
Fenilpropionatos/farmacologia , Piperazinas/farmacologia , Receptor Nicotínico de Acetilcolina alfa7/metabolismo , Acetilcolina/farmacologia , Regulação Alostérica/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Descoberta de Drogas , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Cinética
17.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 8(1): 133-137, 2017 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28105289

RESUMO

We describe the synthesis of quinuclidine-containing spiroimidates and their utility as α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) partial agonists. A convergent synthetic route allowed for rapid SAR investigation and provided a diverse set of fused 6,5-heteroaryl analogs. Two potent and selective α7 nAChR partial agonists, (1'S,3'R,4'S)-N-(7-bromopyrrolo[2,1-f][1,2,4]triazin-4-yl)-4H-1'-azaspiro[oxazole-5,3'-bicyclo[2.2.2]octan]-2-amine (20) and (1'S,3'R,4'S)-N-(7-chloropyrrolo[2,1-f][1,2,4]triazin-4-yl)-4H-1'-azaspiro[oxazole-5,3'-bicyclo[2.2.2]octan]-2-amine (21), were identified. Both agonists improved cognition in a preclinical rodent model of learning and memory. Additionally, 5-HT3A receptor SAR suggested the presence of a steric site that when engaged led to significant loss of affinity at that receptor.

18.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 25(2): 496-513, 2017 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27914948

RESUMO

Triazolopyridine ethers with mGlu2 positive allosteric modulator (PAM) activity are disclosed. The synthesis, in vitro activity, and metabolic stability data for a series of analogs is provided. The effort resulted in the discovery of a potent, selective, and brain penetrant lead molecule BMT-133218 ((+)-7m). After oral administration at 10mg/kg, BMT-133218 demonstrated full reversal of PCP-stimulated locomotor activity and prevented MK-801-induced working memory deficits in separate mouse models. Also, reversal of impairments in executive function were observed in rat set-shifting studies at 3 and 10mg/kg (p.o.). Extensive plasma protein binding as the result of high lipophilicity likely limited activity at lower doses. Optimized triazolopyridine ethers offer utility as mGlu2 PAMs for the treatment of schizophrenia and merit further preclinical investigation.


Assuntos
Éteres/farmacologia , Piridinas/farmacologia , Receptores de Glutamato Metabotrópico/antagonistas & inibidores , Esquizofrenia/tratamento farmacológico , Triazóis/farmacologia , Administração Oral , Regulação Alostérica/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Éteres/administração & dosagem , Éteres/química , Haplorrinos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Piridinas/administração & dosagem , Piridinas/química , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores de Glutamato Metabotrópico/metabolismo , Esquizofrenia/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triazóis/administração & dosagem , Triazóis/química
19.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 27(3): 578-581, 2017 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27993517

RESUMO

We describe the synthesis of quinuclidine-containing spiroguanidines and their utility as α7 neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) partial agonists. The convergent synthetic route developed for this study allowed for rapid SAR investigation and provided access to a structurally diverse set of analogs. A potent and selective α7 nAChR partial agonist, N-(6-methyl-1,3-benzoxazol-2-yl)-3',5'-dihydro-4-azaspiro[bicyclo[2.2.2]octane-2,4'-imidazole]-2'-amine (BMS-910731, 16), was identified. This compound induced immediate early genes c-fos and Arc in a preclinical rodent model of α7 nAChR-derived cellular activation and plasticity. Importantly, the ability to incorporate selectivity for the α7 nACh receptor over the 5-HT3A receptor in this series suggested a significant difference in steric requirements between the two receptors.


Assuntos
Guanidina/farmacologia , Quinuclidinas/farmacologia , Compostos de Espiro/farmacologia , Receptor Nicotínico de Acetilcolina alfa7/agonistas , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Guanidina/análogos & derivados , Guanidina/química , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Quinuclidinas/química , Compostos de Espiro/síntese química , Compostos de Espiro/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
20.
J Med Chem ; 59(24): 11171-11181, 2016 12 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27958732

RESUMO

The design and synthesis of a series of quinuclidine-containing spirooxazolidines ("spiroimidates") and their utility as α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor partial agonists are described. Selected members of the series demonstrated excellent selectivity for α7 over the highly homologous 5-HT3A receptor. Modification of the N-spiroimidate heterocycle substituent led to (1S,2R,4S)-N-isoquinolin-3-yl)-4'H-4-azaspiro[bicyclo[2.2.2]octane-2,5'oxazol]-2'-amine (BMS-902483), a potent α7 partial agonist, which improved cognition in preclinical rodent models.


Assuntos
Ciclo-Octanos/farmacologia , Desenho de Drogas , Agonistas Nicotínicos/farmacologia , Compostos de Espiro/farmacologia , Receptor Nicotínico de Acetilcolina alfa7/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Ciclo-Octanos/síntese química , Ciclo-Octanos/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Aprendizagem em Labirinto/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Agonistas Nicotínicos/síntese química , Agonistas Nicotínicos/química , Compostos de Espiro/síntese química , Compostos de Espiro/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA