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1.
PLoS One ; 14(10): e0223838, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603935

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart failure is associated with exercise intolerance and sleep- disordered breathing; however, studies in patients with chronic constrictive pericarditis are scarce. The purpose of our study was to assess exercise capacity and sleep in patients with chronic constrictive pericarditis (CCP) undergoing a pericardiectomy. METHODS: We studied consecutive patients scheduled for pericardiectomy due to symptomatic CCP. Were performed quality of life (Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire-MLHFQ) and sleep questionnaires (Epworth, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index-PSQI), serum B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), serum C-reactive protein, transthoracic echocardiography, cardiopulmonary exercise test and overnight polysomnography immediately before and six months after pericardiectomy. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients (76% males, age: 45.5±13.8 years, body mass index: 24.9±3.7 kg/m2, left ventricular ejection fraction: 60±6%) with CCP (76% idiopathic, 12% tuberculosis) were studied. As compared to the preoperative period, pericardiectomy resulted in reduction in BNP (143 (83.5-209.5) vs 76 (40-117.5) pg/mL, p = 0.011), improvement in VO2 peak (18.7±5.6 vs. 25.2±6.3 mL/kg/min, p<0.001), quality of life (MLHFQ score 62 (43,5-77,5) vs. 18 (8,5-22), p<0,001) and sleep (PSQI score 7.8±4.1 vs. 4.7±3.7, p<0.001) and no significant change in sleep disordered breathing (apnea hypopnea index-AHI 15.6 (8.3-31.7) vs. 14.6 (5.75-29.9) events/h, p = 0.253). CONCLUSION: Patients with symptomatic CCP showed reduced exercise capacity and sleep-disordered breathing. After pericardiectomy, there was improvement in exercise capacity and neutral effect on sleep-disordered breathing.

2.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 21(1): 50, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412875

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Identifying the patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) in whom the risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) justifies the implantation of a cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) in primary prevention remains challenging. Different risk stratification and criteria are used by the European and American guidelines in this setting. We sought to evaluate the role of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) in improving these risk stratification strategies. METHODS: We conducted a multicentric retrospective analysis of HCM patients who underwent CMR for diagnostic confirmation and/or risk stratification. Eligibility for ICD was assessed according to the HCM Risk-SCD score and the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association (ACCF/AHA) algorithm. The amount of LGE was quantified (LGE%) and categorized as 0%, 0.1-10%, 10.1-19.9% and ≥ 20%. The primary endpoint was a composite of SCD, aborted SCD, sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT), or appropriate ICD discharge. RESULTS: A total of 493 patients were available for analysis (58% male, median age 46 years). LGE was present in 79% of patients, with a median LGE% of 2.9% (IQR 0.4-8.4%). The concordance between risk assessment by the HCM Risk-SCD, ACCF/AHA and LGE was relatively weak. During a median follow-up of 3.4 years (IQR 1.5-6.8 years), 23 patients experienced an event (12 SCDs, 6 appropriate ICD discharges and 5 sustained VTs). The amount of LGE was the only independent predictor of outcome (adjusted HR: 1.08; 95% CI: 1.04-1.12; p <  0.001) after adjustment for the HCM Risk-SCD and ACCF/AHA criteria. The amount of LGE showed greater discriminative power (C-statistic 0.84; 95% CI: 0.76-0.91) than the ACCF/AHA (C-statistic 0.61; 95% CI: 0.49-0.72; p for comparison < 0.001) and the HCM Risk-SCD (C-statistic 0.68; 95% CI: 0.59-0.78; p for comparison = 0.006). LGE was able to increase the discriminative power of the ACCF/AHA and HCM Risk-SCD criteria, with net reclassification improvements of 0.36 (p = 0.021) and 0.43 (p = 0.011), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The amount of LGE seems to outperform the HCM Risk-SCD score and the ACCF/AHA algorithm in the identification of HCM patients at increased risk of SCD and reclassifies a relevant proportion of patients.

3.
J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev ; 39(6): 373-380, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397769

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Endomyocardial fibrosis (EMF) is a restrictive cardiomyopathy associated with low functional capacity and high mortality rates. Exercise training has been proved to be a nonpharmacological treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effects of exercise rehabilitation in EMF patients. METHODS: Twenty-two EMF patients, functional classes II and III (New York Heart Association [NYHA]), were randomized to the control (C-EMF) or exercise rehabilitation (Rehab-EMF) group. Patients in the Rehab-EMF group underwent 4 mo of exercise rehabilitation, whereas patients in the C-EMF group were instructed to maintain their usual daily routine. Peak oxygen uptake ((Equation is included in full-text article.)O2), cardiac function, and quality of life were evaluated. All assessments were performed at baseline and after 4 mo. RESULTS: After 4 mo of rehabilitation, peak (Equation is included in full-text article.)O2 increased in the Rehab-EMF group (17.4 ± 3.0 to 19.7 ± 4.4 mL/kg/min, P < .001), whereas the C-EMF group showed no difference (15.3 ± 3.0 to 15.0 ± 2.0 mL/kg/min, P = .87). Also, post-intervention, peak (Equation is included in full-text article.)O2 in the Rehab-EMF group was greater than that in the C-EMF group (P < .001). Furthermore, the Rehab-EMF group, when compared to the C-EMF group, showed an increase in left ventricular end-diastolic volume (102.1 ± 64.6 to 136.2 ± 75.8 mL vs 114.4 ± 55.0 to 100.4 ± 49.9 mL, P < .001, respectively) and decrease in left atrial diastolic volume (69.0 ± 33.0 to 34.9 ± 15.0 mL vs 44.6 ± 21.0 to 45.6 ± 23.0 mL, P < .001, respectively). Quality-of-life scores also improved in the Rehab-EMF group, whereas the C-EMF group showed no change (45 ± 23 to 27 ± 15 vs 47 ± 15 to 45 ± 17, P < .001, respectively). CONCLUSION: Exercise rehabilitation is a nonpharmacological intervention that improves functional capacity, cardiac volumes, and quality of life in EMF patients after endocardial resection surgery. In addition, exercise rehabilitation should be prescribed to EMF patients to improve their clinical condition.

4.
J Card Surg ; 34(9): 796-802, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269267

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the learning curve effect on hospital mortality, postoperative outcomes, freedom from reintervention in the aorta and long-term survival after frozen elephant trunk (FET) operation. METHODS: From July 2009 to June 2018, 79 patients underwent surgery with the FET technique. They had type A aortic dissection (acute 7.6%, chronic 33%), type B aortic dissection (acute 1.26%, chronic 34.2%), and complex thoracic aortic aneurysm (24%). 27.8% were reoperations and 43% received concomitant cardiac procedures. To compare the results, the sample was divided into group 1 (G1) (first half of the sample - operations from 2009 to 2014) and group 2 (G2) (first half of the sample - operations from 2015 to 2018). RESULTS: The in-hospital mortality was 20.25%, 30.7% for G1 and 10% for G2 (P = .02). The mean cardiopulmonary bypass time, myocardial ischemia time, and selective cerebral perfusion at 25°C time were 154 ± 31, 118 ± 32, and 59 ± 12 minutes, respectively, similar for both groups. Stroke and spinal cord injury occurred in four and two patients, with no difference between groups (P = .61 and P = .24). The necessity for secondary intervention on the downstream aorta for both groups was also similar (P = .136). Five of sixty-three surviving patients died during the follow-up period and the estimated survival rate was different between groups 49% vs 88% (P = .007). CONCLUSION: The learning curve with the FET procedure had a significant impact on hospital mortality and midterm survival over the follow-up period, albeit did not influence the freedom from reintervention on the downstream aorta.

5.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(2): 152-157, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-989994

RESUMO

Galectin-3 is the designation given to the protein that binds to ß-galactosides, expressed by activated macrophages and described as a cardiac fibrosis mediator. In hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), myocardial fibrosis is an independent predictor of adverse outcome; however, the association between Galectin-3 and myocardial fibrosis has not been studied in this cardiopathy. Objective: To evaluate the association of Galectin-3 and the presence of myocardial fibrosis in a patient with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Methods: Galectin-3 was measured in automated equipment using the Elisa technique in 100 participants divided into two groups: 50 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and 50 healthy control subjects. All patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy underwent magnetic nuclear resonance with the late enhancement technique to investigate myocardial fibrosis. For the statistical analysis, p values < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: Galectin-3 levels were low and did not show significant differences between patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and the control group, 10.3 ± 3.1 ng/dL and 11.3 ± 2.6 ng/dL (p = 0.12) respectively. Myocardial fibrosis was a common finding and was identified in 84% (42/50) of patients with HCM, but no differences were observed between Galectin-3 levels when comparing patients with and without fibrosis, 10.3 ± 2.4 ng/dL and 10.1 ± 2.1 ng/dL (p = 0.59). Conclusion: The results did not show an association between Galectin-3 and myocardial fibrosis in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, suggesting that non-inflammatory mechanisms of myocardial fibrosis formation and cardiac remodeling are involved in this cardiopathy


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/diagnóstico por imagem , Galectina 3 , Fibrose Endomiocárdica , Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Diagnóstico por Imagem/métodos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Biomarcadores , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Ecocardiografia Doppler/métodos , Análise Estatística
6.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(2): 152-157, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-988204

RESUMO

Background: Galectin-3 is the designation given to the protein that binds to ß-galactosides, expressed by activated macrophages and described as a cardiac fibrosis mediator. In hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), myocardial fibrosis is an independent predictor of adverse outcome; however, the association between Galectin-3 and myocardial fibrosis has not been studied in this cardiopathy. Objective: To evaluate the association of Galectin-3 and the presence of myocardial fibrosis in a patient with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Methods: Galectin-3 was measured in automated equipment using the Elisa technique in 100 participants divided into two groups: 50 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and 50 healthy control subjects. All patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy underwent magnetic nuclear resonance with the late enhancement technique to investigate myocardial fibrosis. For the statistical analysis, p values < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: Galectin-3 levels were low and did not show significant differences between patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and the control group,10.3 ± 3.1 ng/dL and 11.3 ± 2.6 ng/dL (p = 0.12) respectively. Myocardial fibrosis was a common finding and was identified in 84% (42/50) of patients with HCM, but no differences were observed between Galectin-3 levels when comparing patients with and without fibrosis, 10.3 ± 2.4 ng/dL and 10.1 ± 2.1 ng/dL (p = 0.59). Conclusion: The results did not show an association between Galectin-3 and myocardial fibrosis in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, suggesting that non-inflammatory mechanisms of myocardial fibrosis formation and cardiac remodeling are involved in this cardiopathy


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/diagnóstico por imagem , Galectina 3 , Fibrose Endomiocárdica , Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico por Imagem/métodos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Biomarcadores , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Ecocardiografia Doppler/métodos , Análise Estatística
8.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 112(3): 317-318, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30916195
10.
Can J Physiol Pharmacol ; 97(2): 140-145, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30557036

RESUMO

Metabolic, inflammatory, and autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction are present in patients with heart failure. However, whether these changes are due to left ventricular dysfunction or heart failure etiology is unknown. We evaluated metabolism and inflammatory activity in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC) and Chagas cardiomyopathy (CHG) and their correlation with the ANS. Forty-six patients were divided into 3 groups: IDC, CHG, and control. We evaluated adiponectin, leptin, insulin, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha. ANS were analyzed by heart rate variability in time and frequency domains on a 24-hour Holter monitor. Levels of glucose, cholesterol, leptin, and adiponectin did not show differences between groups. Insulin levels were lower in CHG group (5.4 ± 3.3 µU/mL) when compared with control (8.0 ± 4.9 µU/mL) and IDC (9.9 ± 5.0 µU/mL) groups (p = 0.007). Insulin was positively associated with LFr/HFr ratio (r = 0.562; p = 0.029) and with the LFr component (r = 0.562; p = 0.029) and negatively associated with adiponectin (r = -0.603; p = 0.017) in CHG group. The addition of an adiponectin unit reduced average insulin by 0.332 µg/mL. Insulin levels were decreased in the CHG group when compared with the IDC group and were associated with ANS indexes and adiponectin levels.


Assuntos
Adipocinas/sangue , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/metabolismo , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/metabolismo , Insulina/sangue , Adipocinas/metabolismo , Adulto , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiopatologia , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/sangue , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/fisiopatologia , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/sangue , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/fisiopatologia , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Coração , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Insulina/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
11.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 72(21): 2577-2587, 2018 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30466515

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myocardial fibrosis (MF) according to cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is a frequent finding in Chagas cardiomyopathy and has been associated with risk factors of poor outcome. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to determine the prognostic value of MF in predicting combined hard events or all-cause mortality. METHODS: Patients with Chagas cardiomyopathy who had a previous CMR evaluation were included, and clinical follow-up was retrospectively obtained. The primary outcome was a combination of all-cause mortality, heart transplantation, antitachycardia pacing or appropriate shock from an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator, and aborted sudden cardiac death; the secondary outcome was all-cause mortality. RESULTS: A total of 130 patients were included; mean age was 53.6 ± 11.5 years, and 53.9% were female. The majority of patients reported no symptoms of heart failure or arrhythmia, but electrocardiographic and echocardiographic abnormalities were common. On CMR, left ventricular dilatation and dysfunction were frequent, and MF was found in 76.1%, with a mean mass of 15.2 ± 16.5 g. Over a median follow-up of 5.05 years, 58 (44.6%) patients reached the combined endpoint, and 45 (34.6%) patients died. MF was associated with the primary outcome as a continuous variable (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.031; 95% CI: 1.013 to 1.049; p = 0.001) and as a categorical variable (MF ≥12.3 g) (adjusted hazard ratio: 2.107; 95% CI: 1.111 to 3.994; p = 0.022), independently from the Rassi risk score. MF expressed as a continuous variable was also associated with all-cause mortality (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.028; 95% CI: 1.005 to 1.051; p = 0.017) independently from the Rassi risk score. CONCLUSIONS: MF is an independent predictor of adverse outcome in Chagas cardiomyopathy. Our data may support the use of CMR in better risk-stratifying this population and possibly guiding therapy.

12.
Can J Physiol Pharmacol ; 96(6): 541-549, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29120671

RESUMO

Myocardial remodeling includes inappropriate collagen deposition in the interstitium. Erythropoietin (EPO) may have cardioprotective effects. We aimed to assess the role of EPO on myocardial remodeling during the chronic phase. We studied 60 Wistar rats divided into the following groups: control (CT), control + EPO (CT + EPO), myocardial infarction + EPO (MI + EPO), and myocardial infarction (MI). The interstitial collagen volume fraction (ICVF) was quantified and echocardiography was performed. We quantified asymmetric dimethylarginine and glutathione by ELISA, and used real-time PCR to assess apoptosis and inflammation. Western blotting was used to evaluate inflammatory proteins and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs), and TUNEL staining was used to detect apoptosis. For matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), we performed zymography. Parametric and nonparametric analyses were performed according to normality testing. ICVF was greater in MI groups (p < 0.001) and was attenuated by EPO (p = 0.05). The MMP-2 did not show any difference between groups. The TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 did not have difference between groups. The MI groups had worse fraction shortening (p < 0.001), without EPO protection (p = 0.666). The MI groups had increased left ventricle diastolic dimension (p < 0.001) without EPO attenuation (p = 0.79). EPO did not act on oxidative stress. Apoptosis and inflammation were not modulated by EPO. We concluded that EPO attenuated interstitial collagen accumulation, but did not protect from heart dilation or dysfunction.


Assuntos
Colágeno/metabolismo , Eritropoetina/farmacologia , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Arginina/análogos & derivados , Arginina/metabolismo , Diástole/efeitos dos fármacos , Glutationa/metabolismo , Coração/fisiopatologia , Hematócrito , Hemoglobinas/metabolismo , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos
13.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 32(5): 361-366, 2017 Sep-Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29211214

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Conventional techniques of surgical correction of arch and descending aortic diseases remains as high-risk procedures. Endovascular treatments of abdominal and descending thoracic aorta have lower surgical risk. Evolution of both techniques - open debranching of the arch and endovascular approach of the descending aorta - may extend a less invasive endovascular treatment for a more extensive disease with necessity of proximal landing zone in the arch. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate descending thoracic aortic remodeling by means of volumetric analysis after hybrid approach of aortic arch debranching and stenting the descending aorta. METHODS: Retrospective review of seven consecutive patients treated between September 2014 and August 2016 for diseases of proximal descending aorta (aneurysms and dissections) by hybrid approach to deliver the endograft at zone 1. Computed tomography angiography were analyzed using a specific software to calculate descending thoracic aorta volumes pre- and postoperatively. RESULTS: Follow-up was done in 100% of patients with a median time of 321 days (range, 41-625 days). No deaths or permanent neurological complications were observed. There were no endoleaks or stent migrations. Freedom from reintervention was 100% at 300 days and 66% at 600 days. Median volume reduction was of 45.5 cm3, representing a median volume shrinkage by 9.3%. CONCLUSION: Hybrid approach of arch and descending thoracic aorta diseases is feasible and leads to a favorable aortic remodeling with significant volume reduction.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Idoso , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 109(6): 533-540, Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-887973

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Endomyocardial fibrosis (EMF) is a rare disease, characterized by diastolic dysfunction which leads to reduced peak oxygen consumption (VO2). Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) has been proved to be a fundamental tool to identify central and peripheral alterations. However, most studies prioritize peak VO2 as the main variable, leaving aside other important CPET variables that can specify the severity of the disease and guide the clinical treatment. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate central and peripheral limitations in symptomatic patients with EMF by different CPET variables. Methods: Twenty-six EMF patients (functional class III, NYHA) were compared with 15 healthy subjects (HS). Functional capacity was evaluated using CPET and diastolic and systolic functions were evaluated by echocardiography. Results: Age and gender were similar between EMF patients and HS. Left ventricular ejection fraction was normal in EMF patients, but decreased compared to HS. Peak heart rate, peak workload, peak VO2, peak oxygen (O2) pulse and peak pulmonary ventilation (VE) were decreased in EMF compared to HS. Also, EMF patients showed increased Δ heart rate /Δ oxygen uptake and Δ oxygen uptake /Δ work rate compared to HS. Conclusion: Determination of the aerobic capacity by noninvasive respiratory gas exchange during incremental exercise provides additional information about the exercise tolerance in patients with EMF. The analysis of different CPET variables is necessary to help us understand more about the central and peripheral alterations cause by both diastolic dysfunction and restrictive pattern.


Resumo Fundamento: A endomiocardiofibrose (EMF) é uma doença rara, caracterizada por disfunção diastólica que leva à redução consumo de oxigênio (VO2) pico. O teste de esforço cardiopulmonar (TECP) tem se mostrado uma ferramenta fundamental na identificação de alterações centrais e periféricas. No entanto, a maioria dos estudos prioriza o VO2 pico como a variável principal, em detrimento de outras importantes variáveis do TECP que poderiam identificar a gravidade da doença e direcionar o tratamento clínico. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar limitações centrais e periféricas em pacientes com EMF sintomáticos por meio de variáveis do TECP. Métodos: Vinte e seis pacientes com EMF (classe funcional III, NYHA) foram comparados com 15 indivíduos controle saudáveis (CS). A capacidade funcional foi avaliada por TECP e funções sistólicas e diastólicas por ecocardiografia. Resultados: A idade e o gênero foram similares entre pacientes com EMF e CS. A fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo foi normal em pacientes com EMF, porém diminuída em comparação aos CS. Os picos de frequência cardíaca, carga de trabalho, VO2, pulso de oxigênio (O2) e da ventilação pulmonar (VE) estavam diminuídos em pacientes com EMF em comparação aos CS. Ainda, os pacientes com EMF apresentaram Δ frequência cardíaca /Δ consumo de oxigênio e Δ consumo de oxigênio /Δ taxa de trabalho aumentados em comparação aos CS. Conclusão: A determinação da capacidade aeróbica por troca respiratória não invasiva durante exercício progressivo fornece informações sobre a tolerância ao exercício em pacientes com EMF. É necessária uma análise das diferentes variáveis do TECP para nos ajudar a compreender mais acerca das alterações centrais e periféricas causadas tanto pela disfunção diastólica como pelo padrão restritivo.

16.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 109(5): 457-465, Nov. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-887962

RESUMO

Abstract Background: International studies have reported the value of the clinical profile and laboratory findings in the diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis. However, Brazilian population data are scarce. Objective: To assess the clinical characteristics, sensitivity of imaging tests and factors related to the death of patients with constrictive pericarditis undergoing pericardiectomy. Methods: Patients with constrictive pericarditis surgically confirmed were retrospectively assessed regarding their clinical and laboratory variables. Two methods were used: transthoracic echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Mortality predictors were determined by use of univariate analysis with Cox proportional hazards model and hazard ratio. All tests were two-tailed, and an alpha error ≤ 5% was considered statically significant. Results: We studied 84 patients (mean age, 44 ± 17.9 years; 67% male). Signs and symptoms of predominantly right heart failure were present with jugular venous distention, edema and ascites in 89%, 89% and 62% of the cases, respectively. Idiopathic etiology was present in 69.1%, followed by tuberculosis (21%). Despite the advanced heart failure degree, low BNP levels (median, 157 pg/mL) were found. The diagnostic sensitivities for constriction of echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging were 53.6% and 95.9%, respectively. There were 9 deaths (10.7%), and the risk factors were: anemia, BNP and C reactive protein levels, pulmonary hypertension >55 mm Hg, and atrial fibrillation. Conclusions: Magnetic resonance imaging had better diagnostic sensitivity. Clinical, laboratory and imaging markers were associated with death.


Resumo Fundamento: Estudos internacionais têm relatado o valor de perfil clínico e exames de imagem no diagnóstico e prognóstico da pericardite constritiva. Entretanto, dados da população brasileira são escassos. Objetivo: Avaliar as características clínicas, sensibilidade de exames de imagem e fatores relacionados ao óbito em uma série de casos de pericardite constritiva submetidos à pericardiectomia. Métodos: Pacientes com pericardite constritiva confirmada por cirurgia foram avaliados retrospectivamente quanto a variáveis clínicas e laboratoriais. Dois métodos diagnósticos foram utilizados: ecocardiograma transtorácico e ressonância cardíaca. Preditores de mortalidade foram determinados por análise univariada usando metodologia das proporções de Cox e hazard ratio. Todos os testes foram considerados bicaudais e um erro alfa ≤ 5% foi considerado como significante. Resultados: Foram estudados 84 pacientes com idade média de 44 ± 17,9 anos, sendo 67% do sexo masculino. Sinais e sintomas de insuficiência cardíaca (IC) predominantemente direita estiveram presentes com estase jugular, edema e ascite em 89%, 89% e 62% dos casos, respectivamente. Etiologia idiopática foi observada em 69% dos casos, seguida por tuberculose em 21%. Apesar do grau de IC, encontramos baixos níveis de BNP (mediana de 157 pg/mL). As sensibilidades diagnósticas para constrição do ecocardiograma e da ressonância foram 53,6% e 95,9%, respectivamente. Durante a evolução clínica, houve 9 óbitos (10,7%) e os fatores de risco foram: anemia, elevações de BNP, PCR, hipertensão pulmonar > 55 mmHg e fibrilação atrial. Conclusões: Pericardite constritiva manifesta-se com sinais e sintomas de IC biventricular com predomínio à direita e baixos níveis de BNP. A ressonância magnética apresenta melhor sensibilidade para diagnóstico. Marcadores clínicos, laboratoriais e de imagem estiveram associados ao óbito.

17.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 109(5): 457-465, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28977057

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: International studies have reported the value of the clinical profile and laboratory findings in the diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis. However, Brazilian population data are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical characteristics, sensitivity of imaging tests and factors related to the death of patients with constrictive pericarditis undergoing pericardiectomy. METHODS: Patients with constrictive pericarditis surgically confirmed were retrospectively assessed regarding their clinical and laboratory variables. Two methods were used: transthoracic echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Mortality predictors were determined by use of univariate analysis with Cox proportional hazards model and hazard ratio. All tests were two-tailed, and an alpha error ≤ 5% was considered statically significant. RESULTS: We studied 84 patients (mean age, 44 ± 17.9 years; 67% male). Signs and symptoms of predominantly right heart failure were present with jugular venous distention, edema and ascites in 89%, 89% and 62% of the cases, respectively. Idiopathic etiology was present in 69.1%, followed by tuberculosis (21%). Despite the advanced heart failure degree, low BNP levels (median, 157 pg/mL) were found. The diagnostic sensitivities for constriction of echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging were 53.6% and 95.9%, respectively. There were 9 deaths (10.7%), and the risk factors were: anemia, BNP and C reactive protein levels, pulmonary hypertension >55 mm Hg, and atrial fibrillation. CONCLUSIONS: Magnetic resonance imaging had better diagnostic sensitivity. Clinical, laboratory and imaging markers were associated with death.


Assuntos
Pericardite Constritiva/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pericardiectomia , Pericardite Constritiva/diagnóstico , Pericardite Constritiva/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
18.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 32(5): 361-366, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-897944

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction: Conventional techniques of surgical correction of arch and descending aortic diseases remains as high-risk procedures. Endovascular treatments of abdominal and descending thoracic aorta have lower surgical risk. Evolution of both techniques - open debranching of the arch and endovascular approach of the descending aorta - may extend a less invasive endovascular treatment for a more extensive disease with necessity of proximal landing zone in the arch. Objective: To evaluate descending thoracic aortic remodeling by means of volumetric analysis after hybrid approach of aortic arch debranching and stenting the descending aorta. Methods: Retrospective review of seven consecutive patients treated between September 2014 and August 2016 for diseases of proximal descending aorta (aneurysms and dissections) by hybrid approach to deliver the endograft at zone 1. Computed tomography angiography were analyzed using a specific software to calculate descending thoracic aorta volumes pre- and postoperatively. Results: Follow-up was done in 100% of patients with a median time of 321 days (range, 41-625 days). No deaths or permanent neurological complications were observed. There were no endoleaks or stent migrations. Freedom from reintervention was 100% at 300 days and 66% at 600 days. Median volume reduction was of 45.5 cm3, representing a median volume shrinkage by 9.3%. Conclusion: Hybrid approach of arch and descending thoracic aorta diseases is feasible and leads to a favorable aortic remodeling with significant volume reduction.

19.
ESC Heart Fail ; 4(3): 341-350, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28772037

RESUMO

AIMS: Autonomic dysfunction determines the advance of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and is related to poor outcomes. However, this autonomic imbalance is unknown in patients with restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) even though they have similar symptoms and poor quality of life as DCM patients have. The aim of this study was to evaluate if autonomic and neurovascular controls were altered in RCM patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifteen RCM patients, 10 DCM patients, and 10 healthy subjects were evaluated. Heart rate and blood pressure (BP) were recorded. Peripheral sympathetic activity [muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA)] by microneurography and cardiac sympathetic activity by power spectrum analysis of heart rate variability. Spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) was evaluated by the sequence method and forearm blood flow by venous occlusion plethysmography. Both cardiomyopathy groups had higher MSNA frequency (P < 0.001) and MSNA incidence (P < 0.001), higher cardiac sympathovagal balance (P < 0.02), reduced BRS for increase (P = 0.002) and for decrease in BP (P = 0.002), and lower forearm blood flow (P < 0.001) compared with healthy subjects. We found an inverse correlation between BRS for increase and decrease in BP and peripheral sympathetic activity (r = -0.609, P = 0.001 and r = -0.648, P < 0.001, respectively) and between BRS for increase and decrease in BP and cardiac sympathetic activity (r = -0.503, P = 0.03 and r = -0.487, P = 0.04, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The RCM patients had cardiac and peripheral autonomic dysfunctions associated with peripheral vasoconstriction. Nonetheless, the presence of normal ejection fraction underestimates the evolution of the disease and makes clinical treatment difficult. These alterations could lead to a similar cardiovascular risk as that observed in DCM patients.

20.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 72(4): 207-212, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28492719

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES:: The effect of performing aortic valve repair in combination with valve-sparing operation on the length of time for which patients are free from reoperation is unclear. The objective of this study was to determine if the performance of aortic valve repair during valve-sparing operation modified the freedom from reoperation time. METHODS:: From January 2003 to July 2014, 78 patients with a mean age of 49±15 years underwent valve-sparing operation. Sixty-eight percent of these patients were male. Twenty-two (28%) aortic valve repair procedures were performed in this patient population. In the aortic valve repair + valve-sparing operation group, 77.3% of patients had moderate/severe aortic insufficiency, while in the valve-sparing operation group, 58.6% of patients had moderate/severe aortic insufficiency (ns = not significant). Additionally, 13.6% of patients in the aortic valve repair + valve-sparing operation group had functional class III/IV, while 14.2% of patients in the valve-sparing operation group had functional class III/IV (ns). RESULTS:: The in-hospital and late mortality rates, for the aortic valve repair + valve-sparing operation and valve-sparing operation groups were similar, as they were 4.5% and 3.6%; and 0% and 1.8%, respectively. In the aortic valve repair + valve-sparing operation group, 0% of patients presented moderate/severe aortic insufficiency during late follow-up, while in the valve-sparing operation group, 14.2% of patients presented with moderate/severe aortic insufficiency during this period (ns). In the aortic valve repair + valve-sparing operation group, 5.3% of patients presented with functional class III/IV, while in the valve-sparing operation group, 4.2% of patients presented with functional class III/IV (ns). In the aortic valve repair + valve-sparing operation group, 0% of patients required reoperation, while in the valve-sparing operation group, 3.6% of patients required reoperation over a mean follow-up period of 1621±1156 days (75 patients). CONCLUSION:: Valve-sparing operation is a safe and long-lasting procedure and performance of aortic valve repair when necessary does not increase risk of reoperation on the aortic valve.


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Duração da Cirurgia , Tratamentos com Preservação do Órgão , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Reoperação , Adulto , Idoso , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Reimplante/métodos , Reimplante/mortalidade , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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