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1.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4447-4453, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475068

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The tumor microenvironment plays an important role in tumor progression. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) have been reported to promote proliferation, invasion, metastasis, angiogenesis, and immunosuppression. Furthermore, angiogenesis has been reported to induce chemoresistance due to the inefficient distribution of drugs to cancer cells. However, the impact of TAMs on chemoresistance via angiogenesis in colorectal cancer (CRC) remains unclear. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of TAMs on the chemotherapeutic outcome in CRC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled 54 patients who underwent chemotherapy for unresectable metastatic CRC after resection of the primary tumor. We evaluated the density of TAMs and the degree of angiogenesis by immunohistochemistry and then explored the correlation between the density of TAMs and chemotherapeutic outcome. Furthermore, we assessed any correlation between the density of TAMs and that of neovascularity. RESULTS: The high-TAMs group had a significantly worse progression-free survival (p=0.0006) and a poorer response rate (p=0.0274) than the low-TAMs group. In addition, a positive correlation was observed between the density of TAMs and the degree of neovascularity (r=0.665, p=0.0004). CONCLUSION: TAMs were shown to promote chemoresistance via angiogenesis in CRC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/irrigação sanguínea , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Molécula-1 de Adesão Celular Endotelial a Plaquetas/metabolismo , Macrófagos Associados a Tumor/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Microambiente Tumoral
2.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4529-4534, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475079

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Blood transfusion and a large amount of intraoperative blood loss (IBL) have been reported to have a negative impact on long-term survival via immunosuppression. In recent years, thanks to the spread of laparoscopic surgery and the development of surgical devices, the average amount of IBL has decreased, as has the need for perioperative blood transfusion. Under such conditions, the prognostic significance of the amount of IBL is unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the amount of IBL on long-term survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 277 patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery for stage II/III colorectal cancer were enrolled. RESULTS: The median amount of IBL was 30 ml, and 16 patients received blood transfusion. The overall survival rates were significantly better in the low-IBL (≤100 ml) group than in the high-IBL (>100 ml) group regardless of the blood transfusion. As the amount of IBL increased, the decline rate of the peripheral lymphocyte count increased. CONCLUSION: A large amount of IBL was associated with poor long-term survival, regardless of blood transfusion, in patients with colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
3.
Am Surg ; : 31348211038576, 2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396795

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The surgical Apgar score (SAS) has been validated as a risk assessment tool for postoperative complications. However, the utility of the SAS in elderly patients with colorectal cancer remains unclear. In this study, we evaluated the utility of the SAS for predicting the severe complications in elderly patients with colorectal cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 295 patients underwent radical surgery for colorectal cancer in elderly patients ≥75 years old. The SAS was calculated based on 3 intraoperative parameters: estimated blood loss (EBL), lowest mean arterial pressure, and lowest heart rate. Severe complications were defined as Clavien-Dindo classification grade ≥ IIIa. We divided all patients into 2 groups according to with or without severe complications. The optimal cut-off value of SAS for severe complications has been determined by receiver operator characteristic curve. Predictors for severe complications were analyzed by logistic regression modeling. RESULTS: Severe complications were observed in 57 patients (19.3%). Male, rectal cancer, operation time (>240 minutes), EBL (≥120 mL), and a low SAS (≤6) were significantly associated with severe complications in univariate analysis. A multivariate analysis revealed that male, rectal cancer, and a low SAS (≤6) were independent predictors for severe complications. CONCLUSIONS: A low SAS (≤6) was associated with severe complications after colorectal cancer surgery in elderly patients. The SAS is a valuable predictor for severe complications in elderly patients with colorectal cancer.

4.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0256365, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34411190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although low skeletal muscle mass has an adverse impact on the treatment outcomes of cancer patients, whether the relationship between preoperative skeletal muscle mass and gastrectomy outcomes in gastric cancer (GC) differs between men and women is unclear. The study aimed to clarify this relationship based on gender. METHODS: Between January 2007 and December 2015, 1054 patients who underwent gastrectomy for GC at Osaka City General Hospital were enrolled in this study. We evaluated sarcopenia by the skeletal muscle index (SMI), which was measured by computed tomography (CT) using areas of muscle in the third lumbar vertebral body (L3). Male and female patients were each divided into two groups (low skeletal muscle and high skeletal muscle). RESULTS: The SMI emerged as an independent predictor of 5-year overall survival (OS) in male GC patients (Hazard ratio 2.51; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.73-3.63, p < 0.001) based on multivariate analysis. However, this index was not an independent predictive determinant of 5-year cancer-specific survival (CSS). The SMI was not an independent predictor of either OS or CSS in female GC patients. The incidence of leakage and major complication (Clavien Dindo grade ≧ 3) did not differ significantly across groups. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative skeletal muscle mass is a valuable prognostic predictor of OS in male GC patients.

5.
Mol Clin Oncol ; 15(4): 205, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34462661

RESUMO

The most effective treatment for pulmonary metastasis from colorectal cancer (CRC) is complete resection. However, as the recurrence rate after resection of the pulmonary metastases from CRC is high, postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy is often performed in clinical practice. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of single-agent adjuvant chemotherapy after resection of pulmonary metastasis from CRC. The medical records of 16 patients who underwent the first complete resection of pulmonary metastasis from CRC were retrospectively reviewed. A total of eight patients were treated with single-agent adjuvant chemotherapy after resection of pulmonary metastasis, and oral fluoropyrimidines were selected in all regimens. As a result, the relapse-free survival rate after resection of pulmonary metastasis in the group that received postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy was significantly improved in comparison with the group treated with surgery alone. In the subgroup analysis, patients who benefited from postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy in some high-risk groups were selected, including patients with a high tumor stage or poor immunological status. In conclusion, single-agent adjuvant chemotherapy after resection of pulmonary metastasis from CRC was effective for reducing the risk of recurrence and was safe to administer. In addition, certain risk factors may identify patients who would receive more benefit from postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy after resection of pulmonary metastasis from CRC.

6.
Anticancer Res ; 41(7): 3535-3542, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230149

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: No biomarkers that predict the benefit from anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) antibodies have been identified. It is necessary to discover biomarkers that can identify patients who are more likely to benefit from bevacizumab-containing treatment, especially those who are more likely to benefit from treatment with bevacizumab beyond progression (BBP). Levels of serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), reported to be an indirect marker of hypoxia and angiogenesis, may be a useful marker for monitoring the efficacy of suppression of angiogenesis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The clinical data of 91 patients with unresectable metastatic colorectal cancer who were treated with bevacizumab-containing chemotherapy as first-line treatment were collected and studied. RESULTS: In the second-line treatment, the bevacizumab plus chemotherapy group showed significantly better progression-free survival (PFS) in comparison to the chemotherapy-alone group in patients with low post-first-line-treatment serum LDH levels. On the other hand, no significant differences in the PFS rate were observed between the two groups in patients with high post-first-line-treatment serum LDH levels. CONCLUSION: The post-first-line-treatment serum LDH levels may, therefore, be useful marker for predicting the efficacy of treatment with BBP.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Inibidores da Angiogênese/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neovascularização Patológica/tratamento farmacológico , Neovascularização Patológica/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
7.
Anticancer Res ; 41(7): 3615-3624, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230158

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of adjuvant chemotherapy in elderly patients with stage III colorectal cancer in a real-world setting. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 165 patients of ≥70 years of age with stage III colorectal cancer who underwent a curative operation between 2008 and 2020 were enrolled in this study. RESULTS: Among septuagenarians, the relapse-free and overall survival rates in the single-agent therapy group and the combination therapy group were significantly better than those in the group treated by surgery alone. However, no significant differences were observed in the relapse-free and overall survival rates of the single-agent therapy group and the combination therapy group. Among octogenarians in whom all regimens were single-agent therapy, adjuvant chemotherapy tended to improve the relapse-free and overall survival rates but not the time to recurrence or cancer-specific survival. CONCLUSION: Single-agent adjuvant chemotherapy may be a useful treatment option for septuagenarians with stage III colorectal cancer. However, the efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy in octogenarians was not shown in this study.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Taxa de Sobrevida
8.
PLoS One ; 16(7): e0255049, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293030

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) have been reported to reflect the anti-tumor immune status. However, recent investigations have demonstrated that intratumoral fibrosis is important as a factor affecting the infiltration of TILs. This study investigated the organ specificities of TIL infiltration and intratumoral fibrosis in primary colorectal cancer and distant metastases, as well as the relationship between the distribution of TILs and intratumoral fibrosis. METHODS: Patients who underwent resection of primary tumors or distant metastases for colorectal cancer with distant metastases were enrolled. We evaluated the TIL infiltration by immunohistochemical staining with CD3&CD8 and intratumoral fibrosis by immunohistochemical staining with α-SMA positive cancer-associated fibroblasts and Masson's trichrome staining against collagen fibers. The "ImageJ" was used to evaluate fibrosis, and the density of TILs in the dense and sparse areas of fibrosis was calculated. The Immunoscore (IS) was obtained based on the density of CD3+/CD8+TILs in the tumor center and invasive margin of the primary tumor. RESULTS: The degree of CD3+/CD8+TIL infiltration in peritoneal metastases was significantly lower than that in liver and lung metastases. The area ratio of α-SMA positive cancer-associated fibroblasts and collagen fibers in peritoneal metastases was significantly higher than that of liver and lung metastases. Furthermore, the density of TILs in the high-fibrosis area was significantly lower than that in the low-fibrosis area. In the high-IS group of primary tumors, the degree of TIL infiltration in distant metastases was significantly higher than that in the low-IS group. CONCLUSION: The infiltration of T lymphocytes into tumors is prevented in peritoneal metastases of colorectal cancer due to the high intratumoral fibrosis, which may lead to treatment resistance and a poor prognosis.

9.
Surg Case Rep ; 7(1): 124, 2021 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34013476

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Port site metastasis (PSM) after curative gastrectomy for gastric cancer and muscular metastasis from gastric cancer are rare manifestations. Similarly, subcutaneous metastasis from gastric cancer is rare, and muscular and subcutaneous metastases are associated with poor prognosis. We report a case of long-term survival in a patient who underwent curative resection of gastric cancer and repeated recurrence of port site, muscular and subcutaneous metastases from gastric cancer, treated by resection. CASE PRESENTATION: A 75-year-old man was diagnosed with gastric cancer and referred to our department. Upper endoscopy demonstrated a 5-cm circumferential ulcerated lesion at the cardia. Biopsy findings showed a poorly differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma. He underwent laparoscopic total gastrectomy with lymph node dissection, and pathologic examination revealed a moderately differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma stage T4aN1M0 and IIIA according to the UICC (Union for International Cancer Control) classification. He refused adjuvant chemotherapy and was only carefully observed. Twenty-three months after the primary gastrectomy, computed tomography (CT) revealed an irregular mass near the port site wounds. Then the patient underwent mass resection, and the pathological diagnosis was consistent with metastatic adenocarcinoma, located in the subcutaneous tissue at the port site wounds. Thirteen months after the second surgery, CT revealed an enhanced mass in the abdominal wall. Positron emission tomography (PET) CT showed an elevated uptake in the rectus abdominis muscle and a standardized uptake value (SUV) of 3.1. The patient underwent another mass resection, and the pathological diagnosis was consistent with metastatic adenocarcinoma in the rectus abdominis muscle. Thirty-five months after the third surgery, CT revealed a mass in the left gluteal subcutaneous region. Furthermore, PET-CT revealed a 35-mm mass with an elevated SUV of 9.6. Another mass resection procedure was performed, and the pathological diagnosis was consistent with metastatic adenocarcinoma in the subcutaneous tissue. Since tumor cells were present at the resection margin, additional radiation therapy was performed. The patient has survived 78 months after primary gastrectomy. CONCLUSION: The prognosis of muscular and subcutaneous metastases from gastric cancer is poor. However, if the metastatic tumor is solitary, surgical excision could be a feasible treatment option and might prolong survival.

10.
Anticancer Res ; 41(5): 2605-2610, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33952490

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Recently, elevated levels of postoperative inflammatory markers have been reported to be associated with poorer long-term survival outcomes, regardless of the occurrence of infectious complications, in gastroenterological malignancies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between postoperative inflammation and shorter long-term survival after resection of colorectal liver metastases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 104 patients who underwent R0 resection for colorectal liver metastases were enrolled. The CRPmax levels were defined as the highest postoperative serum C-reactive protein levels during hospital stay. RESULTS: The high-CRPmax group had a significantly lower relapse-free survival rate than the low-CRPmax group, regardless of the occurrence of infectious complications. CONCLUSION: In colorectal liver metastasis as well as other malignancies, elevated postoperative levels of serum C-reactive protein are associated with shorter long-term survival, regardless of the occurrence of infectious complications.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Colorretais/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/microbiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/sangue , Inflamação/microbiologia , Inflamação/patologia , Inflamação/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/microbiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia
11.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 48(4): 584-586, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33976056

RESUMO

A 66‒year‒old man was admitted to our hospital because of anemia and a positive fecal occult blood test in the medical examination. Colonoscopy revealed a type 2 advanced sigmoid colon cancer with circular stenosis. Computed tomography (CT)colonography was performed to examine the oral colon. The apple core signs were found both in the sigmoid and transverse colon. We diagnosed a double colon cancer and performed a laparoscopic left hemicolectomy and sigmoidectomy. The tumor was histopathologically diagnosed as a multiple cancer including a transverse and a sigmoid colon cancer. Although evaluations of the intestine for colon cancer with stenosis are performed by enema examination or endoscopic examination after colon stent placement, both examinations are invasive. CT colonography is considered to be a minimally invasive and an effective preoperative examination for colorectal cancer with stenosis.


Assuntos
Colo Transverso , Colonografia Tomográfica Computadorizada , Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias do Colo Sigmoide , Idoso , Colo Sigmoide , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias do Colo Sigmoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Colo Sigmoide/cirurgia
12.
Neuropeptides ; 88: 102160, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34004454

RESUMO

FOLFOXIRI (fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan) plus bevacizumab is the preferred first-line treatment for right-sided metastatic colorectal cancer with RAS mutation. However, severe adverse events are common in Japanese patients. We report the successful management of multiple stage IV colorectal cancers in a patient who received multidisciplinary treatment, including chemotherapy and Japanese Kampo medicine. A 68-year-old man presented with epigastralgia and appetite loss and was diagnosed with multiple stage IV colorectal cancers. Colonoscopy identified type II tumors in the ascending colon, sigmoid colon, and upper rectum. Histopathological examination of a biopsy specimen revealed well- to moderately differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma. Enhanced computed tomography of the thorax and abdomen showed multiple pulmonary nodules and para-aortic lymph node swelling. Laparoscopic loop-ileostomy was performed to avoid bowel obstruction due to severe stenosis of ascending colon cancer. Intraoperative observation revealed two white nodules suggestive of metastasis in the lateral area of the liver. Therefore, we diagnosed multiple stage IV colorectal cancers with multiple metastases (lung, liver, and distant lymph nodes). His postoperative course was uneventful, and chemotherapy was started. Since the cancer cells harbored a RAS mutation, he received FOLFOXIRI plus bevacizumab. Japanese Kampo medicine consisting of Hangeshashinto and Juzen-taiho-to, to prevent diarrhea and fatigue, was administered daily. After 12 courses of chemotherapy, though circumferential stenosis still existed in the ascending colon, the tumors in the sigmoid colon and upper rectum were unclear. Enhanced computed tomography showed shrinkage of the pulmonary nodules and para-aortic lymph node; therefore, laparoscopic-assisted ileocecal resection was performed. The postoperative histopathological examination revealed moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma. The patient recovered uneventfully, and Kampo medicine consisting of Ninjin'yoeito was administered for postoperative weakness. Administration of adjuvant chemotherapy in this patient led to a near complete response that has been maintained without recurrence for 2 years and 8 months without reduced quality of life.

13.
PLoS One ; 16(4): e0250997, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33930090

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: This study was undertaken to investigate the impact of coexisting chronic kidney disease (CKD) on short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic gastrectomy in patients with gastric cancer (GC). METHODS: We reviewed the data of 798 patients treated for GC by laparoscopic gastrectomy. All procedures took place between January 2010 and December 2017. Patients were divided into three groups according to their estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR): severe CKD group, 44 patients with eGFR < 45 mL/min/1.73 m2; moderate CKD group, 117 patients with 45 ≤ eGFR < 60; control group, 637 patients with eGFR ≥ 60. RESULTS: Based on multivariate analysis, severe CKD (eGFR < 45) emerged as an independent predictor of anastomotic leak (Hazard ratio 4.63, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.62-11.54). The 5-year overall survival (OS) rates by group were 46.3% (severe CKD), 76.6% (moderate CKD), and 81.5% (control). Multivariate analysis likewise identified severe CKD (eGFR < 45) as an independent correlate of poor 5-year OS. The 5-year cancer-specific survival (CSS) rates did not differ significantly by group. CONCLUSIONS: An eGFR value less than 45 mL/min/1.73 m2 is a useful factor for predicting both anastomotic leak and 5-year OS in GC patients undergoing laparoscopic gastrectomy. Clinical care to improve eGFR should be reinforced before and after gastrectomy for GC patients with severe CKD.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia/mortalidade , Laparoscopia/mortalidade , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Gastrectomia/métodos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
14.
Anticancer Res ; 41(3): 1593-1598, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33788754

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We previously showed that an elevated postoperative serum C-reactive protein (CRP) level has a negative impact on long-term survival outcomes, regardless of the occurrence of infectious complications in colorectal cancer. However, the cause of postoperative inflammation could not be properly evaluated, because patient background factors, such as the surgical approach (open/laparoscopic), were not unified. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 277 patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery for stage II/III colorectal cancer were enrolled. RESULTS: The high-CRP group had lower relapse-free and overall survival rates in comparison to the low-CRP group. A high postoperative serum CRP level was significantly associated with a larger tumor diameter and longer operation time, and tended to be associated with a higher T stage and larger amount of bleeding. CONCLUSION: Larger tumor volume, longer operation time and larger amount of bleeding were associated with the promotion of postoperative inflammation, which worsened long-term survival outcomes in colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Infecções Bacterianas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Adulto Jovem
15.
Esophagus ; 18(3): 548-558, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33591543

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We focused on the Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) duration after surgery for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) as the prognostic marker. METHODS: We enrolled a total of 222 patients with local ESCC, who underwent curative esophagectomy between 2005 and 2015. SIRS was diagnosed according to the criteria as a condition involving two or more of the following factors after surgery: (a) body temperature of > 38 °C or < 36 °C; (b) heart rate > 90 beats/min; (c) respiratory rate > 20 breaths/min (d) WBC count > 12,000 or < 4000 cells/mm3. We defined SIRS duration as the total sum of the days defined as SIRS conditions during 7 days after surgery. The SIRS duration was analyzed by Cox hazards modeling to determine the independent prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) and Cancer-specific survival (CSS). RESULTS: The cutoff point of SIRS duration was determined to be set at 5.0 days according to the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, which was plotted using 5-year OS as the endpoint. Of the 222 patients, 165 (74.4%) and 57 (25.6%) were classified as having short (< 5.0) and long (≥ 5.0) SIRS, respectively. The long SIRS was significantly associated with postoperative pneumonia (Hazard Ratio (HR):9.07; P < 0.01), great amount of blood loss during surgery (HR: 2.20: P = 0.04), preoperative high CRP value (HR: 2.45: P = 0.04) and preoperative low albumin (HR: 2.79: P = 0.03) by logistic-regression multivariate analysis. Cox Hazard Multivariate analyses revealed that long SIRS was a worse prognostic factor for OS (HR: 2.36; 95% Confidence Interval (CI):1.34-4.20, P < 0.01) and CSS (HR: 2.07; 95% CI:1.06-4.06, P = 0.03), while postoperative pneumonia and postoperative high CRP value were not worse prognostic factors for OS and CSS. CONCLUSION: SIRS duration is a more reliable prognostic marker than the development of pneumonia and high postoperative CRP value after surgery for ESCC. The surgeons should aim to reduce the SIRS duration to improve the prognosis of ESCC patients.

16.
In Vivo ; 35(2): 1091-1100, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33622906

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the density of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) have been reported as immunological prognostic factors for various cancers. We evaluated the association between the prognosis and the immunological status in patients who underwent complete resection of pulmonary metastases of colorectal cancer (CRC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated the associations between the NLR before the resection of pulmonary metastases and the relapse-free survival (RFS) or overall survival (OS), or between the density of TILs in the pulmonary metastasis and the RFS or OS. RESULTS: The RFS and OS were significantly worse in the NLR-High group than in the NLR-Low group. The RFS was significantly longer in the CD3+TILs-High group than in the CD3+TILs-Low group. CONCLUSION: The NLR and the density of TILs may have prognostic significance in patients who undergo complete resection of pulmonary metastases of CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Linfócitos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Dementia (London) ; 20(5): 1723-1728, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047972

RESUMO

Due to the growing number of people with dementia worldwide, the role of dementia supporters is becoming increasingly important. In 2005, a national campaign called the Dementia Supporter Caravan was launched in Japan. However, the impact these trainings have on facilitating the work of dementia supporters is not quite understood. This study aimed to assess the challenges faced by dementia supporters in conducting activities for people with dementia. Our results showed that even after a period of six months since the training session, only half of the supporters had commenced new support activities. Future studies should examine the impact activities conducted by dementia supporters have on people with dementia and their family caregivers.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33158014

RESUMO

The increasing prevalence of delayed and missed diagnoses for dementia constitutes major public concern. In this regard, inadequate knowledge and poor understanding of the condition may create a barrier to timely dementia screening. This cross-sectional study assessed dementia literacy, then identified the association between dementia literacy and willingness to undergo routine dementia screening among community-dwelling older adults in two urban areas of Japan. More specifically, structured questionnaires were distributed to a total of 854 individuals aged ≥ 65 years. A multivariate logistic regression was then used to explore the factors associated with dementia literacy and willingness to undergo routine dementia screening. Results showed that younger respondents and respondents who received dementia information from television/radio and/or paper-based sources were more likely to have high dementia literacy. While less than half of participants were willing to undergo routine dementia screening, those with higher dementia literacy were more willing to do so (albeit, not a statistically significant difference). Although there are pros and cons to routine dementia screening, it is necessary to implement such a system to detect dementia and cognitive impairment. Further, assessments should also attempt to gain information about individual beliefs and understandings related to dementia information.


Assuntos
Demência/diagnóstico , Letramento em Saúde , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento , Inquéritos e Questionários
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