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1.
Chemistry ; 24(48): 12546-12554, 2018 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29863759

RESUMO

The supramolecular chirality of aggregates consisting of achiral trans-bis(salicylaldiminato)NiII complex 1 bearing long alkyl chains can be generated and controlled precisely in a chiral nematic liquid-crystalline (LC) solvent, whereas the complex naturally forms achiral gel fibers in achiral nematic LC solvents and crystals in nonmesogenic solvents. The direction and intensity of the helicity of the gel fibers of 1 in the LC gel state can be adjusted by means of the nature of the helical twisting and the concentration of the chiral dopants. Helicity control was precisely detected in the circular dichroism (CD) spectra of LC gels and by direct SEM observation of the dried gel fibers. XRD analysis revealed that the flexibility of the herringbone-based lamellar alignment of this complex is the key to the LC-specific gelation and helicity control of the gel fibers.

2.
J Vet Med Sci ; 66(2): 155-60, 2004 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15031543

RESUMO

A dramatic rise in the number of resistant Campylobacter to quinolones has been documented in human patients and domestic animals. In this study, the mechanism of acquisition of quinolone resistance was studied by detecting point mutations in the gyrA gene of Campylobacter strains obtained from broilers and strains with in vitro-induced resistance. The minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of norfloxacin (NFLX) and ofloxacin (OFLX) for the strains that had no point mutation were slightly increased from the source strain (Campylobacter jejuni ATCC 33560). The MICs of nalidixic acid (NA), NFLX, and OFLX for the strains that had the point mutation at Thr-86 were 100 or 200 microg/ml, 50 microg/ml, and 25 microg/ml, respectively. The MIC of NA for the strain that had a point mutation at Asp-90 higher than those for the strains that had the point mutation at Thr-86, but the MICs of NFLX and OFLX were relatively lower than those for the strains that had point mutation at Thr-86. These findings suggest that the degree of antimicrobial resistance against NA, NFLX, and OFLX in the in vitro-induced C. jejuni strains was associated with the location of the point mutation in gyrA. On the other hand, a point mutation in all seven resistant strains isolated from broilers was located only at Thr-86, while the MICs of the three quinolones varied in each wild strain. This suggests that another mechanism might also be involved in the acquisition of quinolone resistance in C. jejuni wild strains.


Assuntos
Campylobacter jejuni/genética , DNA Girase/genética , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/genética , Mutação Puntual/genética , Quinolinas , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Galinhas/microbiologia , Primers do DNA , Eletroforese em Gel de Ágar , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Ácido Nalidíxico , Norfloxacino , Ofloxacino , Análise de Sequência de DNA
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