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1.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 17(4): 1075-1080, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528567

RESUMO

Background: The aim of the present study was to determine the utility of the C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio (CAR) for predicting the overall survival (OS) in locally advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Patients and Methods: This retrospective multicenter study was performed using data from a prospectively maintained database of pathological Stage II or III patients undergoing CRC surgery at the Yokohama City University, Department of Surgery, and its affiliated institutions between April 2000 and March 2016. The risk factors for the OS were identified. Results: A CAR of 0.03 was considered to be the optimal cutoff point for classification based on the 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates and receiver operating characteristic curve. The OS rates at 3 and 5 years after surgery were 92.4% and 85.7% in the CAR-low group, respectively, and 86.7% and 81.1% in the CAR-high group. A multivariate analysis showed that the CAR was a significant independent risk factor for the OS. When comparing the patients' demographic and clinical characteristics between the CAR ≤0.03 and >0.03 groups, the incidence of patients who received adjuvant chemotherapy and the incidence of postoperative complications were significantly different between the two groups. Conclusion: The present study showed that the preoperative CAR was a risk factor for the OS in patients who underwent surgery for CRC. To improve the patients' survival, CAR might be a useful tool for devising treatment strategies.

2.
In Vivo ; 35(5): 2771-2777, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34410967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are reported to associated with cancer metastasis, relapse, and chemoresistance. This study examined the clinical significance of the expression of two CSC markers, the transporter associated with antigen processing 1 (TAP1) and the Delta-like 4 (DLL4) protein, in patients with locally advanced GC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was performed using samples obtained from 413 pathological stage II/III GC patients after curative gastrectomy. We examined TAP1 and DLL4 expression using immunohistochemical analysis with tissue microarray and examined the association between TAP1 or DLL4 expression, clinicopathological factors and survival. RESULTS: High TAP1 expression was associated with better overall survival compared to low TAP1 expression (p=0.004). Furthermore, in multivariate analysis, high TAP1 expression was defined as a predictive factor for good survival. There was no significant difference between DLL4 expression and clinicopathological features and overall survival. CONCLUSION: TAP1 expression may be a useful prognostic marker in patients with locally advanced GC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Membro 2 da Subfamília B de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal , Apresentação do Antígeno , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
3.
Jpn J Clin Oncol ; 51(7): 1044-1050, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33744955

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Post-operative pneumonia is a major complication after general elective surgery in elderly patients and is often caused by aspiration associated with oesophageal reflux. The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors of post-operative pneumonia after gastrectomy in elderly patients with gastric cancer with two potential risk factors of ageing and oesophageal reflux. METHODS: We retrospectively examined the data of 251 patients ≥75 years old who underwent gastrectomy between January 2014 and December 2018 in our institution. The reconstruction methods were Billroth-I or Roux-Y after distal gastrectomy, jejunal interposition or double tract after proximal gastrectomy and Roux-Y after total gastrectomy. The severity of pneumonia was evaluated by the Clavien-Dindo classification. RESULTS: Post-operative pneumonia was identified in 15 patients (5.9%) and was significantly associated with an age ≥80 years old, poor performance status, history of smoking and cardia-non-preserving gastrectomy (total gastrectomy and proximal gastrectomy) in univariate analyses. Multivariate analyses showed that a poor performance status and cardia-non-preserving gastrectomy were independent risk factors for post-operative pneumonia. The patients who suffered post-operative pneumonia required a longer hospital stay than those without post-operative pneumonia (P = 0.002). CONCLUSION: We identified a poor performance status and cardia-non-preserving gastrectomy, which are likely to lead to oesophageal reflux, as risk factors for post-operative pneumonia in elderly patients with gastric cancer. These results warrant further prospective studies to evaluate their utility for reducing the rate of post-operative pneumonia in elderly patients through cardia-preserving gastrectomy or anti-reflux reconstruction.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia , Pneumonia/epidemiologia , Pneumonia/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
4.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 51, 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33478441

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most evidence regarding lateral lymph node dissection for rectal cancer is from expert settings. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of this procedure in a practice-based cohort. METHODS: A total of 383 patients who were diagnosed with stage II-III mid-to-low rectal cancer between 2010 and 2019 and underwent primary resection with curative intent at a general surgery unit were retrospectively reviewed. After propensity matching, 144 patients were divided into the following groups for short- and long-term outcome evaluation: mesorectal excision with lateral lymph node dissection (n = 72) and mesorectal excision (n = 72). RESULTS: This practice-based cohort was characterized by a high pT4 (41.6%) and R1 resection (10.4%) rate. Although the operative time was longer in the lateral dissection group (349 min vs. 237 min, p < 0.001), postoperative complications (19.4% vs. 16.7%, p = 0.829), and hospital stay (18 days vs. 22 days, p = 0.059) did not significantly differ; 5-year relapse-free survival (62.5% vs. 66.4%, p = 0.378), and cumulative local recurrence (9.7% vs. 15.3%, p = 0.451) were also in the same range in both groups. In the seven locally recurrent cases in the lateral dissection group, four had undergone R1 resection. CONCLUSIONS: Lateral lymph node dissection was found to be safe in this practice-based cohort; however, the local control effect was not obvious. To maximize the potential merits of lateral lymph node dissection, strategies need to be urgently established to avoid R1 resection in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Neoplasias Retais , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Dissecação , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prática Profissional , Pontuação de Propensão , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retais/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 28(5): 2866-2876, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33393020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The lymph node (LN) ratio (LNR) and the log odds of positive LNs (LODDS) have been proposed as sensitive prognosticators in patients with primary gastric cancer, especially in patients with an insufficient number of harvested LNs. We investigated the association of LNR and LODDS with survival in patients with remnant gastric cancer (RGC) and explored whether these staging methods are prognostic factors in patients with an insufficient number of harvested LNs. METHODS: The present study retrospectively examined 95 patients with RGC who received gastrectomy between January 2000 and December 2018. The patients were classified according to the adjusted X-tile cutoff for LNR and LODDS. The association between survival rates and clinicopathological features was investigated. The predictive accuracy of the LNR and LODDS was compared with that of the Union for International Cancer Control pathological N factor. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis revealed that the LNR and LODDS were independent risk factors for recurrence-free survival (RFS) [hazard ratio (HR) 2.623, p = 0.020; HR 3.404, p = 0.004, respectively] and overall survival (OS) (HR 3.694, p = 0.003; HR 2.895, p = 0.022, respectively) in patients with RGC. Moreover, even in patients with 15 or fewer harvested LNs, only the LNR was a significant independent risk factor for RFS (HR 21.890, p < 0.001) and OS (HR 6.597, p = 0.002). The receiver operating characteristic curves revealed that the prognostic accuracy of the three methods was comparable (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: LNR has significant prognostic value for patients with RGC, including those with an insufficient number of harvested LNs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
6.
Jpn J Clin Oncol ; 51(3): 371-378, 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33283236

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A multi-institutional phase II study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of preoperative docetaxel, cisplatin and S-1 therapy in marginally resectable advanced gastric cancer. METHODS: Patients with macroscopic type 4, large macroscopic type 3 and bulky lymph node metastasis received two cycles of preoperative docetaxel, cisplatin and S-1 therapy (docetaxel 40 mg/m2 and cisplatin 60 mg/m2 on day 1, and S-1 80 mg/m2 for 14 days, every 4 weeks). The primary endpoint was the pathological response rate, with an expected value of 65%. RESULTS: Thirty-one patients were enrolled in this study. The pathological response rate was 54.8%, and it was higher than the threshold value but lower than the expected rate. The R0 resection rate was 93.5%. The frequencies of grade 3-4 toxicities during docetaxel, cisplatin and S-1 therapy were 41.9% for neutropenia, 6.5% for febrile neutropenia and 32.3% for nausea/vomiting. Grade 2 and 3 surgical morbidities occurred in 23.3 and 6.7% of the patients, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative docetaxel, cisplatin and S-1 therapy was feasible in terms of chemotherapy-related toxicities and surgical morbidity, but the effect did not achieve the expected value. The association between the pathological response rate and survival will be evaluated in the final analysis of this clinical trial.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Docetaxel/uso terapêutico , Ácido Oxônico/uso terapêutico , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Tegafur/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Docetaxel/efeitos adversos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Ácido Oxônico/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Tegafur/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo
7.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5815-5821, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988910

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Glioma-associated oncogene 1 (GLI1) is an important transcription factor in the hedgehog signalling pathway and tumour formation. We evaluated the clinical significance of GLI1 expression as a prognostic factor in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer (GC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: GLI1 expression levels were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis of cancerous and adjacent normal mucosa specimens obtained from 142 patients with Stage II/III GC administered adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 after curative resection. The associations of GLI1 expression with clinicopathological features and survival were evaluated. RESULTS: Clinicopathological features and GLI1 expression showed no association. Overall survival was significantly poorer in the high compared to the low GLI1 expression group (p=0.04). Multivariate analysis revealed that GLI1 expression was a significant independent prognostic factor [p=0.019, hazard ratio (HR)=1.94, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.70-3.38]. CONCLUSION: GLI1 expression may be a useful prognostic marker in patients with locally advanced GC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Proteína GLI1 em Dedos de Zinco/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Ácido Oxônico/administração & dosagem , Ácido Oxônico/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Tegafur/administração & dosagem , Tegafur/efeitos adversos
8.
In Vivo ; 34(5): 2697-2703, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871802

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The short- and long-term outcomes of gastrectomy in elderly patients with gastric cancer have not been fully evaluated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent gastrectomy were classified into two groups: Non-elderly patients (<80 years old) and elderly patients (≥80 years old). The surgical morbidity, overall and cancer-specific survival in the two groups were compared. RESULTS: A total of 411 patients were evaluated. The rate of overall complication was 29.4% in the non-elderly and 32.4% in the elderly (p=0.699). In the elderly, the overall and cancer-specific survival rates at 5 years after surgery were inferior to those of the younger group (59.8% vs. 66.7%, p=0.103 and 67.9% vs. 78.2%, p=0.028, respectively). CONCLUSION: The short-term outcomes after gastrectomy were almost equal for the two groups in the present study. The prognosis was poor in elderly patients, especially those with advanced gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
In Vivo ; 34(5): 2783-2790, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871815

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We investigated the impact of the age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index (ACCI) on esophageal cancer survival and recurrence after curative treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 122 patients who underwent curative surgery followed by adjuvant chemotherapy for esophageal cancer between 2005 and 2017. The risk factors for the overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were identified. RESULTS: An ACCI of 5 was regarded as the optimal critical point of classification considering the survival rates. The OS rates at 3 and 5 years after surgery were 64.2% and 54.4% in the low-ACCI group, respectively, and 42.3% and 29.2% in high-ACCI group, respectively (p=0.035). The RFS rates at 3 and 5 years after surgery were 50.2% and 43.6% in the low-ACCI group, respectively, and 28.5% and 21.3% in high-ACCI group, respectively (p=0.021). A multivariate analysis demonstrated that ACCI was a significant independent risk factor for both the OS and RFS. CONCLUSION: ACCI is a risk factor for survival in patients who undergo curative treatment for esophageal cancer. An effective plan for the perioperative care and surgical strategy should be developed according to ACCI.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Fatores Etários , Comorbidade , Neoplasias Esofágicas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/terapia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
In Vivo ; 34(5): 2797-2801, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871817

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We performed a retrospective multi-center cohort analysis to compare the outcomes of laparoscopic surgery vs. open surgery for obstructive colon cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 455 patients with colon cancer with ileus underwent surgery at Yokohama City University Hospital and four related institutions from April 2000 to March 2016. RESULTS: There were 414 cases in the open surgery group and 41 cases in the laparoscopic surgery group with no marked differences in the gender or age. The postoperative complication rate, according to the Clavien-Dindo classification, was lower in the laparoscopic group compared to the open surgery group. The postoperative hospital stay was 16 days in the open surgery group and 9 days in the laparoscopic surgery group (p=0.004). Among the various factors examined, the operation approach was identified as a statistically significant independent risk factor for postoperative complications (p=0.015). CONCLUSION: Preoperative treatment for colon cancer with ileus and elective laparoscopic surgery are thought to be useful for achieving curative treatment, avoiding colostomy, and shortening the length of hospital stay.


Assuntos
Colectomia , Neoplasias do Colo , Obstrução Intestinal , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Humanos , Obstrução Intestinal/etiologia , Obstrução Intestinal/cirurgia , Tempo de Internação , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
In Vivo ; 34(4): 2021-2027, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606176

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the optimal number of harvested LNs (LNs) in patients who were LN metastasis-negative after curative esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-one patients who underwent curative surgery for esophageal cancer between 2005 and 2017 and diagnosed as lymph node metastasis-negative were included in this study. RESULTS: The 5-year overall survival rates were 27.8% for 0-20 harvested LNs, 35.7% for 21-30 harvested LNs, 79.4% for 31-40 harvested LNs, and 85.2% for ≥41 harvested LNs. Thirty harvested LNs was regarded as the optimal critical point of classification, considering the 5-year OS rate. The number of harvested LNs was selected as a significant prognostic factor in both univariate and multivariate analyses. The respective 3- and 5-year OS rates were 50.3% and 36.7% for <30 harvested LNs and 82.4% and 82.4% for ≥30 harvested LNs (p=0.003). CONCLUSION: Thirty or more harvested LNs was a significant prognostic factor in patients with metastasis-negative LNs after curative esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. Therefore, the number of harvested LNs might be useful for predicting the LN metastasis status in esophageal cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Esofagectomia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
12.
In Vivo ; 34(4): 2087-2093, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606187

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We investigated the clinical impact of the lymph node ratio (LNR) on overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) in esophageal cancer patients who underwent curative surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty patients who underwent curative surgery for esophageal cancer between 2005 and 2017 were included in this study. The LNR was defined as the ratio of the number of metastatic lymph nodes (LNs) to the total number of harvested LNs. RESULTS: A lymph node ratio of 10% was regarded as the optimal critical point for classification based on the overall survival rate. The 3-year and 5-year OS rates were 65.5% and 57.0%, respectively, in the LNR<10% group, and 11.8% and 0% in the LNR≥10% group; the difference was statistically significant (p<0.001). The 3-year and 5-year RFS rates were 52.6% and 44.6%, respectively, in the LNR<10% group, and 0% and 0% in the LNR>10% group; the difference was also statistically significant (p<0.001). When comparing the sites of first relapse, the incidence of distant lymph node metastasis in the LNR>10% group was significantly higher than that in the LNR<10% group. CONCLUSION: The LNR was a risk factor for both OS and RFS in patients who underwent curative surgery for esophageal cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Razão entre Linfonodos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Anticancer Res ; 40(7): 4067-4074, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32620654

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of postoperative infectious complications on long-term outcomes after curative resection of gastric cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent curative gastrectomy with lymphadenectomy for gastric cancer at Yokohama City University and Kanagawa Cancer Center from January 2000 to August 2015 were retrospectively selected from medical records. Clinicopathological factors between patients with and without infectious complications were compared. Prognostic factors of long-term survival were analyzed by univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards analyses. RESULTS: A total of 2,254 patients were eligible for inclusion in the present study. Fifty-eight patients had postoperative infectious complications (IC group); 2,196 had no postoperative infectious complications (NC group). In the IC group, the median age (p=0.031), body mass index (p=0.004), American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status (p=0.006) and percentage of male patients (p<0.001) were higher in comparison to the NC group. The operation time was longer (p<0.001) and the incidence of intestinal-type histology was higher (p=0.017) in the IC group. The 5-year overall survival rates of the IC and NC groups were 59.8% and 83.2%, respectively (p<0.001). Univariate and multivariate analyses demonstrated that postoperative infectious complications were a significant risk factor for poorer overall survival (hazard ratio=2.38; 95% confidence interval=1.47-3.85, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Perioperative management is necessary to reduce the incidence of postoperative infectious complications and improve the survival of patients after curative resection of gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Infecções/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Infecções/mortalidade , Excisão de Linfonodo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
14.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 47(2): 259-261, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32381959

RESUMO

The effectiveness of lymph node dissection tends to be reduced clinically in elderly patients with colorectal cancer because of physical limitations, such as comorbidities and organ dysfunction. We investigated the influence of the level of lymph node dissection on the prognosis of elderly patients with colorectal cancer. A total of 137 patients with pT2 or more-advanced tumors or lymph node metastasis were retrospectively studied. The 5-year overall survival(OS)andrelapse free survival(RFS) rates were 74.1% and 63.9%, respectively. Lymph node dissection was an independent prognostic factor in the examination of prognostic factors of OS. In the propensity-matchedcohort, the 5-year OS rates were 87.2% and5 8.2%(p=0.02), and the 5-year RFS rates were 77.8% and4 6.4%(p=0.03)in the D3 andred ucedgroups, respectively. The D3 group hada significantly better prognosis than the reduced group. D3 lymph node dissection might contribute to the improvement of prognosis in elderly people with colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Idoso , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Metástase Linfática , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 27(11): 4235-4247, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32424582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lymph node ratio (LNR), defined as the ratio of metastatic nodes to the total number of examined lymph nodes, has been proposed as a sensitive prognostic factor in patients with gastric cancer (GC). We investigate its association with survival in pathological stage (pStage) II/III GC and explore whether this is a prognostic factor in each Union for International Cancer Control pStage (7th edition). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively examined 838 patients with pStage II/III GC who underwent curative gastrectomy between June 2000 and December 2018. Patients were classified into low-LNR (L-LNR), middle-LNR (M-LNR), and high-LNR (H-LNR) groups according to adjusted X-tile cutoff values of 0.1 and 0.25 for LNR, and their clinicopathological characteristics and survival rates were compared. RESULTS: The 5-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) rates postsurgery showed significant differences among the groups (P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that LNR was a significant predictor of poor RFS [M-LNR: hazard ratio (HR) 3.128, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.254-4.342, P < 0.001; H-LNR: HR 5.148, 95% CI 3.546-7.474, P < 0.001] and OS (M-LNR: HR 2.749, 95% CI 2.038-3.708, P < 0.001; H-LNR: HR 4.654, 95% CI 3.288-6.588, P < 0.001). On subset analysis stratified by pStage, significant differences were observed between the groups in terms of the RFS curves of pStage II and III GC (P < 0.001 and < 0.001, respectively) and OS curves of pStage II and III GC (P = 0.001 and < 0.001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: High LNR is a predictor of worse prognosis in pStage II/III GC, including each substage.


Assuntos
Razão entre Linfonodos , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
16.
Anticancer Res ; 40(4): 2359-2364, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234938

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical impact of the perioperative use of antiplatelet/anticoagulation therapy for postoperative bleeding after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients were selected from the medical records of consecutive patients who were diagnosed with primary esophageal adenocarcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma and who underwent complete resection at Yokohama City University from January 2005 to September 2018. The patients were divided into the antiplatelet/anticoagulation treatment group and the non-treatment group. We compared the safety and feasibility of esophagectomy between two groups. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-two patients underwent esophagectomy for esophageal cancer and were analyzed in the present study. Among them, 18 (14.8%) received anti-thrombotic therapy (anticoagulation group). The incidence of postoperative bleeding in patients overall was 8.2% (10/122). The incidence of postoperative bleeding in the anticoagulation group was 22.2% (4/18), while that in the non-anticoagulation group was 5.8% (6/104). Preoperative anticoagulation therapy was identified as a significant independent risk factor for postoperative bleeding (hazard ratio=4.673, 95% confidence interval=1.170-18.519; p=0.029). CONCLUSION: The perioperative use of anti-thrombotic therapy was a significant risk factor for postoperative bleeding after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. Thus, when patients receive perioperative antiplatelet/anticoagulation treatment, careful attention is required after esophagectomy due to their increased risk of postoperative bleeding.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Esofagectomia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Terapia Combinada , Esofagectomia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Fatores de Risco
17.
Anticancer Res ; 40(4): 2365-2371, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234939

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several immune-inflammatory markers are associated with cancer progression. The purpose of the present study was to clarify the influence of the preoperative C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio (CRP/ALB ratio) on survival of patients with esophageal cancer and recurrence after curative resection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The preoperative CRP/ALB ratio was evaluated in 122 patients who underwent radical resection for esophageal cancer from 2005 to 2018. The correlations between the CRP/ALB ratio and cancer-specific overall (OS), recurrence-free (RFS) survival and the clinicopathological status were analyzed. RESULTS: The optimal cut-off value of the CRP/ALB ratio determined using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was 0.04. Patients were divided into two groups based on this cut-off value: the low CRP/ALB group (n=59) and the high CRP/ALB group (n=50). The OS rate at 5 years after surgery was significantly lower in the group with high CRP/ALB at 40.5% whilst it was 63.5% in the low CRP/ALB group (p=0.005). The corresponding RFS rates at 5 years after surgery were 32.5% and 48.3%, respectively, which was a statistically significant difference (p=0.007). A multivariate analysis showed that a high CRP/ALB ratio was a significant independent risk factor for poorer cancer-specific OS and RFS. CONCLUSION: The preoperative CRP/ALB ratio was a strong prognostic marker for patients with esophageal cancer. The surgical strategy, including procedure and perioperative care should be carefully planned for patients with a high CRP/ALB ratio.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Albumina Sérica/análise , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/sangue , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/sangue , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Período Pré-Operatório , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Anticancer Res ; 40(3): 1683-1690, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32132075

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the impact of postoperative complications (PCs) in patients with pathological stage (pStage) II or III gastric cancer (GC) who received adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 after curative surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Altogether, data for 226 patients were examined retrospectively. The relationship between PCs and clinicopathological features and survival were examined. RESULTS: Recurrence-free survival was significantly worse in the group with PCs than in the PC-negative group. On multivariate analysis, having PCs of grade 2 or more was an independent risk factor for recurrence (hazard ratio=1.721; 95% confidence intervaI=1.014-2.920; p=0.044). In addition, for each pStage analysis, having PCs of grade 2 or more was a risk factor for recurrence even in patients with pStage II GC. CONCLUSION: PC of grade 2 or more was an independent risk factor for recurrence in patients with pStage II GC who received adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 after curative gastrectomy. Thus, for patients with PCs, even for those with pStage II GC, more effective adjuvant chemotherapy, such as S-1 plus docetaxel, may be needed.


Assuntos
Ácido Oxônico/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/complicações , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Tegafur/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Ácido Oxônico/farmacologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Tegafur/farmacologia
19.
In Vivo ; 34(2): 857-862, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32111795

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The present study aimed to identify risk factors for anastomosis leak (AL) after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One-hundred twenty-two patients who underwent esophagectomy for esophageal cancer between 2008 and 2018 were included. The rate of AL was measured based on the definition of leak as adapted from the Surgical Infection Study Group. To identify the risk factors for AL, logistic regression analysis was used. RESULTS: AL was found in 44 of the 122 patients (36.1%). Among the factors examined, the lymph node dissection status (p=0.007) and preoperative serum albumin level (p=0.022) were significant independent risk factors for AL. The incidence of AL was 26.7% (20 of 75) among patients who received 2-field lymph node dissection and 51.1% (24 of 47) among those who received 3-field lymph node dissection. The incidence of AL was 29.9% (23 of 77) in the preoperative serum albumin levels ≥4.0 g/dl group and 46.7% (21 of 45) in the serum albumin levels <4.0 g/dl group. CONCLUSION: Lymph node dissection status and preoperative serum albumin levels were risk factors for AL in patients who received esophagectomy for esophageal cancer.


Assuntos
Fístula Anastomótica/epidemiologia , Fístula Anastomótica/etiologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/complicações , Neoplasias Esofágicas/epidemiologia , Esofagectomia/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anastomose Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Fístula Anastomótica/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Esofagectomia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Assistência Perioperatória , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Fatores de Risco
20.
In Vivo ; 34(2): 849-856, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32111794

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Tumor microenvironments consist of many types of immune cells, in which regulatory T-cells (Tregs) are supposed to play important roles to suppress anti-tumor immunity. Regional lymph nodes are essential for antitumor immunity in colorectal cancer (CRC). In this study, we compared the diversity of phenotypes of T-cells in normal tissue and regional lymph nodes in order to determine the immunosuppressive mechanism of lymph node metastasis of CRC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty patients were enrolled in this study, and paired samples (tumor tissue, normal tissue, and three regional lymph node samples and as well as non-regional lymph node samples) were obtained from each patient. In each paired-sample set, the proportions of different immune cell types and T-cells expressing immune checkpoint molecules were compared using flow cytometry. RESULTS: Higher proportions of Tregs [7.58% (4.94%-13.87%) vs. 1.79% (0.03%-5.36%), p<0.001] and lower proportions of INFγ-producing CD4-positive T (iCD4+) cells [21.49% (12.08%-27.35%) vs. 26.55% (15.65%-37.63%), p<0.001] were observed in tumor tissue than in normal mucosa. Parts of regional lymph nodes nearest the tumor had a greater proportion of Tregs [5.86% (4.18%-7.69%)] and lower proportions of iCD4+ [5.94% (3.51%-9.04%)] and INFγ-producing CD8-positive T (iCD8+) cells [21.93% (14.92%-35.90%)] than distant parts of regional lymph nodes and non-regional lymph nodes. Both immune-suppressing molecules (CTLA-4 and PD-1) and immune-promoting molecules (OX-40 and ICOS) tended to be highly expressed in tumor tissue and local lymph nodes. CONCLUSION: In patients with CRC, regional lymph nodes, especially the parts nearest the tumor, had a higher proportion of Tregs and other suppressive immunophenotypes of T-cells than those located more distantly.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/imunologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Biomarcadores , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Metástase Linfática , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/metabolismo , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/patologia , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Fenótipo , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/patologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/metabolismo , Linfócitos T Reguladores/patologia , Microambiente Tumoral
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