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1.
Int J Gen Med ; 15: 5681-5691, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35747780

RESUMO

Background: COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2/2019-nCoV) is now a major public health threat to the world. Olfactory dysfunctions (ODs) are considered potential indicating symptoms and early case identification triaging for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The most common reported comorbidities are diabetes mellitus, chronic lung disease, and cardiovascular disease. The objective of this study was to evaluate prevalence of different types of smell disorders in patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 infection and impact of involved systemic diseases. Methodology: A cross-sectional retrospective study has been done for patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 infection (mild-to-moderate). The data collected from patient's files and developed online electronic questionnaire (WhatsApp) based on the patients most common and recurrent reported data including: a) symptoms of olfactory dysfunction and associated covid19 symptoms fever and headache, cough, sore throat, pneumonia, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, arthralgia and myalgia and taste dysfunction. b) Associated systemic diseases including: diabetes, hypertension, asthma, chronic renal disease, chorionic liver disease and hypothyroidism. Results: Of 308 patients confirmed with Covid-19 infection, (72.4%) developed OD distributed as follows; complete anosmia (57.8%), troposmia (8.4%), hyposmia (2.9%), partial anosmia (2.6%) and euosmia (0.6%). Significantly increased prevalence of diabetes, hypertension asthma in the group with olfactory dysfunction (p < 0.001), chronic liver disease (p = 0.005), and hypothyroidism (p = 0.03). Conclusion: The development of ODs after Covid-19 infection was associated with mild disease form and lower hospitalization. In addition, it showed significant relationship with preexisting systemic diseases. Anosmia is the common modality of ODs.

2.
Curr Rheumatol Rev ; 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35366780

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immune dysregulation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The CD4+CD25 high FoxP3+ subset of regulatory T cells plays an essential role in preventing autoimmunity and maintaining immune homeostasis. Negative regulation of JAK/STAT signaling is controlled by Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling (SOCs3) proteins. SOCs is produced at lower levels in RA. Our aim was to evaluate the expressional dysregulation of SOCs3 and FoxP3 genes in RA patients in relation to disease activity. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We have recruited 90 patients with RA and 60 healthy controls in case control study. Whole blood samples were collected from RA patients and healthy subjects. The measurement of FoxP3 and SOCs3 gene expression was performed by real-time PCR (qPCR). RESULTS: Patients with RA had significant decreased expression levels of FoxP3 and SOCs3 genes in comparison with controls (P<0.001) in addition to the insignificance correlation of both genes with disease activity in RA patients. CONCLUSION: FoxP3 and SOCs3 genes showed a significant defects in rheumatoid arthritis patients with no significant difference in disease activity.

3.
Tissue Barriers ; 10(3): 1994823, 2022 07 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34689723

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to assess the role of urinary IgG, serum CX3CL1 and miRNA 152-3p levels as predictors of nephropathy in type 2 Egyptian diabetic patients. Sixty type 2 diabetic patients and twenty healthy controls were enrolled in a cross-sectional study. Then they were grouped into: three groups based upon urine albumin excretion (UAE). The expression of miRNA 152-3p in serum was measured using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RTq-PCR). Serum CX3CL1 and urinary IgG concentrations were measured by ELISA. RTq-PCR revealed that serum miRNA-152-3p levels in patients were significantly higher than in controls. There was significant differences between group with normoalbuminuria and groups with diabetic nephropathy DN as regard to age, duration of nephropathy, Albumin/Creatinine ratio (A/C ratio), creatinine, urine IgG, CX3CL1 and HbA1c. In diabetic patients, there was a significant positive correlation between miRNA-152-3p levels and disease duration only as well as significant positive correlations between urinary IgG levels and age, disease duration, serum creatinine, A/C ratio, and urea. Positive correlation between serum fractalkine CX3CL1 level and age, duration of disease, urea, creatinine, A/C ratio, HbA1C and IgG in patient with DN. Serum CX3CL1 level, urinary IgG were significantly increased with the progress of nephropathy so these integrated biomarkers could be used as good predictors for early identification of nephropathy. But miRNA- 152-3p has inadequate prognostic indicator for ESRD progression.


Assuntos
Quimiocina CX3CL1 , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Nefropatias Diabéticas , MicroRNAs , Albuminas , Quimiocina CX3CL1/sangue , Creatinina/urina , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/urina , Nefropatias Diabéticas/genética , Nefropatias Diabéticas/urina , Egito , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/urina , MicroRNAs/sangue , Ureia
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