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1.
Head Neck ; 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643313

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genome analysis could provide tools to assess predictive molecular biomarkers of radioresistance. METHODS: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma patients included in ProfiLER study and who underwent a curative radiotherapy were screened. Univariate and Cox multivariate analyses were performed to explore the relationships between molecular abnormalities, infield relapse and complete tumor response after radiation. RESULTS: One hundred and forty-three patients were analyzed. PIK3CA mutation and genomic instability of MAP kinases pathway were found to be prognostic factors of loco-regional relapse in multivariate analysis with respectively HR 0.33, 95% CI 0.13-0.83, p = 0.005 and HR 0.61, 95% CI 0.38-0.96, p = 0.025. Instability of apoptosis pathway was found to be a prognostic factor of complete response after radiotherapy with HR 0.24, 95% CI 0.07-0.88, p = 0.04. CONCLUSION: This sub analysis suggests that PIK3CA mutation, variation of copy number of MAP kinases and apoptosis pathways play a significant role in the radioresistance phenomenon.

2.
Expert Opin Drug Saf ; : 1-13, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34551666

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Thanks to the emergence of new therapeutics, prognosis and outcome of breast cancer patients (any subtype) have improved significantly. This raises the issue of the interactions and side effects related to the use of multiple drugs. Thus, to decide on a treatment, the optimal benefit risk-ratio should be carefully watched as toxicities such as cardiac ones effect on long-term survival. Indeed, nowadays in France, cardiovascular diseases rank first as causes of death in women. AREAS COVERED: This non-exhaustive review aims to report the currently available data on cardiac side effects caused by the use of emerging drugs in breast cancer, in localized or metastatic diseases alike. We will focus on HER2-inhibitors, cyclin-dependent-kinase 4/6 and PARP inhibitors, chemotherapy and immunotherapy, before discussing the means of prevention. EXPERT OPINION: Although this issue has largely been studied, the recent emergence of new drugs emphasizes the necessity for oncologists to adapt their practice to a multidisciplinary model that includes cardio-oncology.

3.
Support Care Cancer ; 2021 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537889

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The study aims to assess the feasibility, safety, and tolerability of CareMin650, a new photobiomodulation device, in patients treated by radiotherapy (RT) and to collect preliminary data on efficacy for prevention and treatment of oral mucositis (OM) and radiation dermatitis (RD). METHODS: Safe PBM is a French, multicentric, prospective, non-comparative study which include patients with head and neck cancer (H&NC, cohort A) or breast cancer (BC, cohort B) treated in prophylactic (cohorts A1 and B1) or curative setting (cohort A2 and B2). Prophylactic treatment was administered from D1 to end of RT, at a dose of 3 J/cm2. Curative treatment started when a grade 1 to grade 3 lesion had occurred and was pursued until end of RT. Primary endpoint was incidence of device-related adverse events (AEs). OM and RD lesions were graded according to CTCAE V3. RESULTS: Overall, 72 patients were included (22, 9, 23, and 18 in cohorts A1, A2, B1, and B2, respectively). No device-related AE was reported after 1312 CareMin650 sessions. In cohorts A1 and B1, median time to first OM or RD lesion was 20 days. One BC patient developed G3 RD after completion of RT and discontinuation of CareMin650. Four H&NC patients developed G3 OM. In cohorts A2 and B2, lesions improved or stabilized in 71% of patients. Rates of satisfaction were high among patients and users. CONCLUSION: CareMin650 is feasible, safe, and well tolerated for preventive or curative treatment of OM and RD in cancer patients treated with RT. Preliminary efficacy results are promising.

4.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528213

RESUMO

Aging is a universal complex and multifactorial physiological process that leads to the increasing incidence of various diseases including cancer. Indeed, 40% of individuals aged 65 years and over will have newly diagnosed cancers. Although most treated patients are elderly people, a low inclusion of the geriatric population is observed in most clinical trials. Furthermore, lethal side effects of antineoplastic therapy are markedly exacerbated with aging. Most cancer therapies were validated on young mice models, complicating results transposition to elderly patients. Thus, understanding the role of aging in tumor progression and response to cancer therapies with accurate preclinical models must be investigated. Therefore, this review aimed to summarize the state of the literature about preclinical models used to investigate the impact of aging microenvironment on tumorigenic potential, and on antineoplastic therapy response. Despite the advances in technology, and the increasing incidence of cancer in the elderly population, this present review focuses on the few studies using preclinical tumor model of aging. Since the biology of aging is challenging, aging animal models are an inevitable prelude. New emerging tools such as human organoid offer a promising path in research dedicated to aging.

5.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(15)2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34359734

RESUMO

Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1α (HIF-1α), which promotes cancer cell survival, is the main regulator of oxygen homeostasis. Hypoxia combined with photon and carbon ion irradiation (C-ions) stabilizes HIF-1α. Silencing HIF-1α under hypoxia leads to substantial radiosensitization of Head-and-Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (HNSCC) cells after both photons and C-ions. Thus, this study aimed to clarify a potential involvement of HIF-1α in the detection, signaling, and repair of DNA Double-Strand-Breaks (DSBs) in response to both irradiations, in two HNSCC cell lines and their subpopulations of Cancer-Stem Cells (CSCs). After confirming the nucleoshuttling of HIF-1α in response to both exposure under hypoxia, we showed that silencing HIF-1α in non-CSCs and CSCs decreased the initiation of the DSB detection (P-ATM), and increased the residual phosphorylated H2AX (γH2AX) foci. While HIF-1α silencing did not modulate 53BP1 expression, P-DNA-PKcs (NHEJ-c) and RAD51 (HR) signals decreased. Altogether, our experiments demonstrate the involvement of HIF-1α in the detection and signaling of DSBs, but also in the main repair pathways (NHEJ-c and HR), without favoring one of them. Combining HIF-1α silencing with both types of radiation could therefore present a potential therapeutic benefit of targeting CSCs mostly present in tumor hypoxic niches.

6.
Br J Radiol ; 94(1125): 20210197, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34233471

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The main standard of care for locally advanced cervix carcinoma (LACC) is radiochemotherapy (RCT) followed by brachytherapy. A surgical approach may still be discussed based on pelvic MRI-derived residual tumour evaluation. As no interobserver agreement study has ever been conducted to our knowledge, the aim of the present study was to report on pelvic MRI accuracy and interobserver agreement in LACC. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective study in a French university hospital. Medical records of all consecutive patients treated with curative intent for LACC by RCT followed by brachytherapy and completion pelvic surgery between January 2014 and January 2020 were reviewed. Local response was assessed through pelvis MRI and histological analysis after completion surgery. MRI data were independently evaluated by two radiologists with varying experience. The two main interobserving criteria we used were complete response and residual tumour. RESULTS: 23 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Agreement between the junior and senior radiologist was moderate to strong. Indeed, regarding main criteria, κ was 0.65 for complete response and 0.57 for residual tumour. Interestingly, the present study shows a lower sensitivity whatever the radiologists than in the international literature. CONCLUSION: The present study highlights a low interobserver variability regarding pelvic MRI in the assessment of RCT followed by brachytherapy in LACC. Yet, sensitivity was lower than in literature. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: Radiology is part of treatment decision-making, the issue of heterogeneity regarding radiologists' training and experience to cancer (sensitivity and specificity) turns essential, so does MRI accuracy.


Assuntos
Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Braquiterapia/métodos , Colo do Útero/diagnóstico por imagem , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Feminino , França , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Eur Urol ; 80(4): 405-414, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34247896

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oligorecurrent pelvic nodal relapse in prostatic cancer is a challenge for regional salvage treatments. Androgen depriving therapies (ADTs) are a mainstay in metastatic prostate cancer, and salvage pelvic radiotherapy may offer long ADT-free intervals for patients harboring regional nodal relapses. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of the combination of ADT and salvage radiotherapy in men with oligorecurrent pelvic node relapses of prostate cancer. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We performed an open-label, phase II trial of combined high-dose intensity-modulated radiotherapy and ADT (6 mo) in oligorecurrent (five or fewer) pelvic node relapses in prostate cancer, detected by fluorocholine positron-emission tomography computed tomography imaging. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The primary endpoint was 2-yr progression-free survival defined as two consecutive prostate-specific antigen levels above the level at inclusion and/or clinical evidence of progression as per RECIST 1.1 and/or death from any cause. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: Between August 2014 and July 2016, 67 patients were recruited in 15 centers. Half of the patients had received prior prostatic irradiation. The median age was 67.7 yr. After a median follow-up of 49.4 mo, 2- and 3-yr progression-free survival rates were 81% and 58%, respectively. Median progression-free survival was 45.3 mo. The median biochemical relapse-free survival (BRFS) was 25.9 mo. At 2 and 3 yr, the BRFS rates were 58% and 46%, respectively. Grade 2 + 2-yr genitourinary and gastrointestinal toxicities were 10% and 2%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Combined high-dose salvage pelvic radiotherapy and ADT appeared to prolong tumor control in oligorecurrent pelvic node relapses in prostate cancer with limited toxicity. After 3 yr, nearly half of patients were in complete remission. Our study showed initial evidence of benefit, but a randomized trial is required to confirm this result. PATIENT SUMMARY: In this report, we looked at the outcomes of combined high-dose salvage pelvic radiotherapy and 6-mo-long hormone therapy in oligorecurrent pelvic nodal relapse in prostatic cancer. We found that 46% of patients presenting with oligorecurrent pelvic node relapses in prostate cancer were in complete remission after 3 yr following combined treatment at the cost of limited toxicity.

9.
Cancer Genomics Proteomics ; 18(4): 515-520, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34183384

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: This study aimed to describe genomic alterations on squamous cell cervical and anal carcinomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2013 to 2019, 3,269 patients were included in the molecular screening ProfiLER trial. Only patients with non-metastatic cervical or anal cancer, and those initially treated with radiotherapy in a curative intent were selected. Genetic analyses were performed by next generation sequencing (NGS). RESULTS: Genomic alterations were observed in most patients: 5 patients out of 15 (33.3%) had at least one mutation on NGS and 4 out of 15 (26.7%) had at least one aberration of the number of copies of genes in the comparative genomic hybridation (CGH) analysis. The most common mutated gene was PIK3CA. CONCLUSION: All omic approaches must be integrated in the locally advanced cancer setting by new clinical trial design to develop two routes in the treatment strategy: intensification or de-escalation treatment strategy according to omic markers.

10.
Cancer Invest ; 39(8): 621-626, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34151673

RESUMO

We compared the morphological aspect of glioblastoma-associated microglia/macrophages cells in 15 paired recurrent glioblastomas to check the ability of glioblastoma to recreate its microenvironment. The absolute number of GAMs is lower in normal tissue (21/mm2) than in the isolated tumor cells area (100-112/mm2) than in the solid tumor area (212-220/mm2) (p < 0.01). The morphology of GAMs remained the same in each tumor area with a reduced covered area by cell processes (196 to 216/mm2) than in normal tissue (708/mm2) (p < 0.01). In paired tumors, GAMs morphology remained the same in successive resections and was not modified by the treatments.


Assuntos
Glioblastoma/fisiopatologia , Glioma/fisiopatologia , Macrófagos/fisiologia , Microglia/metabolismo , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
11.
Radiother Oncol ; 161: 95-114, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34118357

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Curative radio-chemotherapy is recognized as a standard treatment option for muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC). Nevertheless, the technical aspects for MIBC radiotherapy are heterogeneous with a lack of practical recommendations. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In 2018, a workshop identified the need for two cooperative groups to develop consistent, evidence-based guidelines for irradiation technique in the delivery of curative radiotherapy. Two radiation oncologists performed a review of the literature addressing several topics relative to radical bladder radiotherapy: planning computed tomography acquisition, target volume delineation, radiation schedules (total dose and fractionation) and dose delivery (including radiotherapy techniques, image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT) and adaptive treatment modalities). Searches for original and review articles in the PubMed and Google Scholar databases were conducted from January 1990 until March 2020. During a meeting conducted in October 2020, results on 32 topics were presented and discussed with a working group involving 15 radiation oncologists, 3 urologists and one medical oncologist. We applied the American Urological Association guideline development's method to define a consensus strategy. RESULTS: A consensus was obtained for all 34 except 4 items. The group did not obtain an agreement on CT enhancement added value for planning, PTV margins definition for empty bladder and full bladder protocols, and for pelvic lymph-nodes irradiation. High quality evidence was shown in 6 items; 8 items were considered as low quality of evidence. CONCLUSION: The current recommendations propose a homogenized modality of treatment both for routine clinical practice and for future clinical trials, following the best evidence to date, analyzed with a robust methodology. The XXX group formulates practical guidelines for the implementation of innovative techniques such as adaptive radiotherapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células de Transição , Radioterapia Guiada por Imagem , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Humanos , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/radioterapia
12.
Radiother Oncol ; 161: 198-204, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34144078

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to correlate locoregional relapse with radiation therapy volumes in patients with rectal cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiation in the ACCORD 12/0405-PRODIGE 02 trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified patients who had a locoregional relapse included in ACCORD 12's database. We studied their clinical, radiological, and dosimetric data to analyze the dose received by the area of relapse. RESULTS: 39 patients (6.5%) presented 54 locoregional relapses. Most of the relapses were in-field (n = 21, 39%) or marginal (n = 13, 24%) with only six out-of-field (11%), 14 could not be evaluated. Most of them happened in the anastomosis, the perirectal space, and the usual lymphatic drainage areas (presacral and posterior lateral lymph nodes). Only patients treated for a lower rectum adenocarcinoma had a relapse outside of the treated volume. 2 patients with T4 tumors extending into anterior pelvic organs had relapses in anterior lateral and external iliac lymph nodes. CONCLUSIONS: Lowering the upper limit of the treatment field for low rectal tumors increased the risk of out of the field recurrence. For very low tumors, including the inguinal lymph nodes in the treated volume should be considered. Recording locoregional involvement, treated volumes, and relapse areas in future prospective trials would be of paramount interest to refine delineation guidelines.


Assuntos
Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Retais , Humanos , Linfonodos , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Neoplasias Retais/radioterapia , Fatores de Risco
13.
Endocr Relat Cancer ; 28(8): T39-T49, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33974558

RESUMO

Prostate cancer (Pca) is the most commonly diagnosed cancer affecting men in France. Before the age of 75 years old, 1 in 8 French men will have Pca. Androgen deprivation therapies (ADT) remain the standard of care. Such therapies induce significant bone loss. The bone-remodelling cycle depends on the androgen synthesis signalling pathways. Furthermore, age-specific hormonal decline plays a key role in the decrease in bone mass. As a result, the older the patients, the more likely they are to have osteoporosis if they are treated with hormone therapy. Their risk of osteoporotic fracture has an impact on their quality of life and their capacity of independent living. In recent years, newer hormone therapies (acetate abiraterone, enzalutamide, apalutamide and darolutamide) have proved efficient in metastatic castration-resistant Pca (mCRPC) patients as well as in hormone naïve patients, and actually in nonmetastatic diagnosis. The combination of these treatments with ADT highly inhibit androgen production pathways. They are prescribed to aged patients undergoing bone density loss after first-generation antiandrogen treatment. Specific recommendations for bone health management in Pca patients are currently lacking. To date, bone mineral density in patients treated with second-generation hormone therapy has never been assessed in a prospective study. This review aims at reviewing what is known about the impact of second-generation hormonotherapy on bone microenvironment.

14.
Br J Radiol ; 94(1121): 20200115, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33861141

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed at describing and assessing the quality of reporting in all published prospective trials about radiosurgery (SRS) and stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT). METHODS: The Medline database was searched for. The reporting of study design, patients' and radiotherapy characteristics, previous and concurrent cancer treatments, acute and late toxicities and assessment of quality of life were collected. RESULTS: 114 articles - published between 1989 and 2019 - were analysed. 21 trials were randomised (18.4%). Randomisation information was unavailable in 59.6% of the publications. Data about randomisation, ITT analysis and whether the study was multicentre or not, had been significantly less reported during the 2010-2019 publication period than before (respectively 29.4% vs 57.4% (p < 0.001), 20.6% vs 57.4% (p < 0.001), 48.5% vs 68.1% (p < 0.001). 89.5% of the articles reported the number of included patients. Information about radiation total dose was available in 86% of cases and dose per fraction in 78.1%. Regarding the method of dose prescription, the prescription isodose was the most reported information (58.8%). The reporting of radiotherapy characteristics did not improve during the 2010 s-2019s. Acute and late high-grade toxicity was reported in 37.7 and 30.7%, respectively. Their reporting decreased in recent period, especially for all-grade late toxicities (p = 0.044). CONCLUSION: It seems necessary to meet stricter specifications to improve the quality of reporting. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: Our work results in one of the rare analyses of radiosurgery and SBRT publications. Literature must include necessary information to first, ensure treatments can be compared and reproduced and secondly, to permit to decide on new standards of care.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/radioterapia , Editoração/normas , Radiocirurgia/normas , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Prospectivos , Editoração/estatística & dados numéricos , Editoração/tendências , Qualidade de Vida , Radiocirurgia/efeitos adversos , Radiocirurgia/estatística & dados numéricos , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Tempo
15.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 147(7): 1905-1916, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33791846

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The clinical outcome of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remains poor, partly due to the presence of resistant cancer stem cells (CSCs) which are responsible of recurrences. CSCs have low EGFR expression and, conversely, overexpress the anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein, which is involved in resistance to apoptosis and the invasion/migration capacities of tumour cells. METHODS: The combination therapy of ABT-199, a Bcl-2 inhibitor, cetuximab an EGFR inhibitor, and radiation using an HNSCC model (SQ20B cell line) and its corresponding CSC subpopulation were evaluated in vitro (2D/3D cell proliferation; invasion/migration and apoptosis using videomicroscopy) and in vivo. RESULTS: Cetuximab strongly inhibited 2D and 3D cell proliferation, as well as invasion/migration, only in non-CSC-SQ20B cells, whereas ABT-199 selectively inhibited these mechanisms in SQ20B/CSCs. The combination of irradiation + cetuximab + ABT-199 increased the inhibition of the 2D and 3D cell proliferation, invasion/migration, and resistance to apoptosis in both cell sub-populations. In addition, in a nude mouse model with heterotopic tumour xenograft, a treatment combining cetuximab + ABT-199 with fractional irradiation strongly delayed the tumour growth and increased in vivo lifespan without side effects. CONCLUSION: Based on the present results, this triple combination therapy may represent a new opportunity for testing in clinical trials, particularly in locally advanced HNSCC.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/antagonistas & inibidores , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Animais , Apoptose , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/administração & dosagem , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Cetuximab/administração & dosagem , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos SCID , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos da radiação , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Sulfonamidas/administração & dosagem , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
16.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 220, 2021 04 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33926421

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral mucositis (OM) is a severe complication cancer patients undergo when treated with chemoradiotherapy. Photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy also known as low-level laser therapy has been increasingly used for the treatment of such oral toxicity. The aim of this review is to discuss the mechanisms of photobiomodulation (PBM) regarding OM prevention and treatment, and more precisely to focus on the effect of PBM on tumor and healthy cells. METHODS: MEDLINE/PubMed, and google scholar were searched electronically. Selected studies were focusing on PBM effects on tumor and healthy cells. RESULTS: PBM interactions with the tissue and additional mechanism in OM therapy were detailed in this review. Moreover, this review highlighted a controversy about the carcinogenic effect of PBM. Indeed, Many studies reported that PBM could enhance malignant cell proliferation; suggesting that PBM would have no protective effect. In addition to acting on cancer cells, PBM may damage healthy cells. CONCLUSION: More prospective studies are needed to assess the effect of PBM on cancer cells in order to improve its use for OM prevention and treatment.


Assuntos
Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Neoplasias , Estomatite , Quimiorradioterapia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Estomatite/etiologia , Estomatite/prevenção & controle
17.
Bull Cancer ; 108(6): 627-634, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33896585

RESUMO

Telemedicine is booming with different sub-domains, including telehealth consultation. Pathology chronicity as well as the increased use of health services are two characteristics that underline the importance of telehealth consultation for patient's needs and health professionals. The actual viral pandemic has inadvertently aided the adoption of telehealth, including in medical oncology, radiotherapy and hematology departments. To date, numerous tools are available to accelerate the digital transformation in clinical practice. In this review of the literature, we detail the historical and legal set up of telemedicine, focusing especially on teleconsultation and teleoncology.


Assuntos
Oncologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Telemedicina/estatística & dados numéricos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , França , Humanos , Oncologia/tendências , Pandemias , Telemedicina/tendências , Terminologia como Assunto
18.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(2)2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33430396

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Chemo-radiotherapy (CRT) is the standard treatment for non-metastatic anal squamous cell carcinomas (ASCC). Despite excellent results for T1-2 stages, relapses still occur in around 35% of locally advanced tumors. Recent strategies focus on treatment intensification, but could benefit from a better patient selection. Our goal was to assess the prognostic value of pre-therapeutic MRI radiomics on 2-year disease control (DC). METHODS: We retrospectively selected patients with non-metastatic ASCC treated at the CHU Bordeaux and in the French FFCD0904 multicentric trial. Radiomic features were extracted from T2-weighted pre-therapeutic MRI delineated sequences. After random division between training and testing sets on a 2:1 ratio, univariate and multivariate analysis were performed on the training cohort to select optimal features. The correlation with 2-year DC was assessed using logistic regression models, with AUC and accuracy as performance gauges, and the prediction of disease-free survival using Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier analysis. RESULTS: A total of 82 patients were randomized in the training (n = 54) and testing sets (n = 28). At 2 years, 24 patients (29%) presented relapse. In the training set, two clinical (tumor size and CRT length) and two radiomic features (FirstOrder_Entropy and GLCM_JointEnergy) were associated with disease control in univariate analysis and included in the model. The clinical model was outperformed by the mixed (clinical and radiomic) model in both the training (AUC 0.758 versus 0.825, accuracy of 75.9% versus 87%) and testing (AUC 0.714 versus 0.898, accuracy of 78.6% versus 85.7%) sets, which led to distinctive high and low risk of disease relapse groups (HR 8.60, p = 0.005). CONCLUSION: A mixed model with two clinical and two radiomic features was predictive of 2-year disease control after CRT and could contribute to identify high risk patients amenable to treatment intensification with view of personalized medicine.

19.
Bull Cancer ; 108(1): 55-66, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33419531

RESUMO

The editorial committee of the Bulletin du Cancer is proud to comply with his annual analysis of some of the worldwide updates in oncology that emerge in 2020. We know that all new breakthroughs will not be addressed and apologise for not being comprehensive, but we hope that the topics deciphered herein will bring the reader interesting information in his daily practice in gyneco-oncology, uro-oncology, neuro-oncology, digestive oncology, pneumo-oncology, hemato-oncology, pediatric oncology, or in palliative care.


Assuntos
Oncologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , Neoplasias do Sistema Digestório/terapia , Feminino , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/terapia , Glioblastoma/terapia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Masculino , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas/terapia , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/genética , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/terapia , Neoplasias Urológicas/terapia
20.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 2431, 2021 01 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33510207

RESUMO

Capping body surface area (BSA) at 2 m2 is a routine clinical practice. It aims at reducing toxicities in over 2 m2 BSA patients. 455,502 computerized chemotherapy prescriptions made between 2011 and 2017 were taken from BPC software. Chemotherapy computerized order entry is created by a senior physician prescribers before patient consultation. Only prescriptions with dose calculation involving BSA were selected. 51,179 chemotherapy prescriptions were analyzed; corresponding to 7206 patients who received intravenous chemotherapy. The number of chemotherapy prescriptions in over 2 m2 BSA patients was nearly the same in the hematology as in the oncology departments. But, 79.1% of prescriptions were capped at 2 m2 in the oncology department contrary to 21.9% in the hematology department. Practices analysis showed more dose limitation in palliative situations in both departments. Unexpectedly, 6.53% of capped prescriptions were performed in patients with normal BMI. The patients who received capped doses of chemotherapy had neither fewer dose reductions due to toxicity nor deterioration of their general condition. Capping did not induce fewer dose reductions in patients with BSA greater than 2 m2. Prospective studies in this population are needed to standardize chemotherapy administration in population with BSA > 2 m2.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Superfície Corporal , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Índice de Massa Corporal , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Prescrições de Medicamentos , Tolerância a Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Intravenosas , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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