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J Environ Manage ; 238: 323-330, 2019 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30870672


The remediation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from aqueous solution using Municipal solid waste biochar (MSW-BC) has been evaluated. Municipal solid waste was pyrolyzed in an onsite pyrolyzer around 450 °C with a holding time of 30 min for the production of biochar (BC). Physiochemical properties of BC were assessed based on X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) and Fourier transform infra-red (FTIR) analysis. Adsorption capacities for the VOCs (m-xylene and toluene) were examined by batch sorption experiments. Analysis indicated high loading of m-xylene and toluene in landfill leachates from different dump sites. The FTIR analysis corroborates with the Boehm titration data whereas XRF data demonstrated negligible amounts of trace metals in MSW-BC to be a potential sorbent. Adsorption isotherm exhibited properties of both Langmuir and Freundlich which is indicative of a non-ideal monolayer adsorption process taking place. Langmuir adsorption capacities were high as 850 and 550 µg/g for toluene and m-xylene respectively. The conversion of MSW to a value added product provided a feasible means of solid waste management. The produced MSW-BC was an economical adsorbent which demonstrated a strong ability for removing VOCs. Hence, MSW-BC can be used as a landfill cover or a permeable reactive barrier material to treat MSW leachate. Thus, the conversion of MSW to BC becomes an environmentally friendly and economical means of solid waste remediation.

Eliminação de Resíduos , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Carvão Vegetal , Resíduos Sólidos , Tolueno , Instalações de Eliminação de Resíduos , Xilenos
Sci Total Environ ; 625: 547-554, 2018 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29291569


Presence of organic and inorganic acids influences the release rates of trace metals (TMs) bound in contaminated soil systems. This study aimed to investigate the influence of bioenergy waste biochar, derived from Gliricidia sepium (GBC), on the proton and ligand-induced bioavailability of Pb and Cu in a shooting range soil (17,066mg Pb and 1134mg Cu per kg soil) in the presence of inorganic (sulfuric, nitric, and hydrochloric) and organic acids (acetic, citric, and oxalic). Release rates of Pb and Cu in the shooting range soil were determined under different acid concentrations (0.05, 0.1, 0.5, 1, 5, and 10mM) and in the presence/absence of GBC (10% by weight of soil). The dissolution rates of Pb and Cu increased with increasing acid concentrations. Lead was preferentially released (2.79×10-13 to 8.86×10-13molm-2s-1) than Cu (1.07×10-13 to 1.02×10-13molm-2s-1) which could be due to the excessive Pb concentrations in soil. However, the addition of GBC to soil reduced Pb and Cu dissolution rates to a greater extent of 10.0 to 99.5% and 15.6 to 99.5%, respectively, under various acid concentrations. The increased pH in the medium and different adsorption mechanisms, including electrostatic attractions, surface diffusion, ion exchange, precipitation, and complexation could immobilize Pb and Cu released by the proton and ligands in GBC amended soil. Overall, GBC could be utilized as an effective soil amendment to immobilize Pb and Cu in shooting range soil even under the influence of soil acidity.

Environ Technol ; 33(4-6): 597-606, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22629634


Natural red earth (NRE), an iron-coated sand found in the north western part of Sri Lanka, was used to examine the retention behaviour of cadmium, a heavy metal postulated as a factor of chronic kidney disease in Sri Lanka. Adsorption studies were conducted as a function of pH, ionic strength, initial Cd loading and time. The Cd adsorption increased from 6% to 99% with the pH increase from 4 to 8.5. The maximum adsorption was reached at pH > 7.5. Cadmium adsorption was not changed over 100-fold variations of NaNO3, providing evidence for the dominance of an inner-sphere bonding mechanism for both 10-fold variation of initial Cd concentrations. Surface complexation modelling suggests a monodentate bonding mechanism. Isotherm data were fairly fitted to a two-site Langmuir isotherm model and sorption maximums of 9.11 x 10(-6) and 3.89 x 10(-7) mol g(-1) were obtained for two surface sites. The kinetic study reveals that Cd uptake by NRE is so fast that the equilibrium was reached within 15 min and - 1 h for 4.44 and 44.4 microM initial Cd concentrations, respectively, and the chemisorption was the dominant mechanism over intra-particle diffusion. The study indicates the potential of NRE as a material for decontaminating environmental water polluted with Cd.

Cádmio/química , Cádmio/isolamento & purificação , Modelos Químicos , Dióxido de Silício/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação , Purificação da Água/métodos , Adsorção , Simulação por Computador , Cinética , Sri Lanka